What happened on October 7? There are more than 278 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About October 7

October 7 In HistoryOctober 7 is the 280th day of the year 2019. There are 85 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Monday. This day falls under the 41st week of the year 2019.

On this day in Utica, New York 13503 sunrise occured at 12:05 PM and sunset occured at 11:31 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Libra. The modern birthstone for this month is Opal while the mystical birthstone is Jasper.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 110 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (January 25, 2020).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the October 17 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For October 7

  • 3761 BC
    The epoch reference date epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar (Proleptic Julian calendar).
  • 1477
    Uppsala University is inaugurated after receiving its corporate rights from Pope Sixtus IV in February the same year.
  • 1513
    Battle of La Motta: Spanish troops under Ramón de Cardona defeat the Venetians.
  • 1542
    Explorer Cabrillo discovers Santa Catalina Island off the California coast.
  • 1571
    The Battle of Lepanto is fought, and the Holy League (Spain and Italy) destroys the Turkish fleet.
  • 1582
    Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day is skipped in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1691
    The English royal charter for the Province of Massachusetts Bay is issued.
  • 1763
    George III of Great Britain issues British Royal Proclamation of 1763, closing aboriginal lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlements.
  • 1776
    Crown Prince Paul of Russia marries Sophie Marie Dorothea of Württemberg.
  • 1777
    American Revolutionary War: The Americans defeat the British in the Second Battle of Saratoga, also known as the Battle of Bemis Heights.
  • 1780
    American Revolutionary War: Battle of Kings Mountain American Patriot militia defeat Loyalist irregulars led by British colonel Patrick Ferguson in South Carolina.
  • 1800
    French corsair Robert Surcouf, commander of the 18-gun ship La Confiance, captures the British 38-gun Kent inspiring the traditional French song Le Trente-et-un du mois d'août.
  • 1826
    The Granite Railway begins operations as the first chartered railway in the U.S.
  • 1828
    The city of Patras, Greece, is liberated by the French expeditionary force in the Peloponnese under General Maison.
  • 1840
    Willem II becomes King of the Netherlands.
  • 1862
    Royal Columbian Hospital (RCH) opens as the first hospital in the Canadian province of British Columbia
  • 1864
    American Civil War: USS Wachusett captures the Ship CSS Confederate raider while in port in Bahia, Brazil.
  • 1868
    Cornell University holds opening day ceremonies; initial student enrollment is 412, the highest at any American university to that date.
  • 1870
    Franco-Prussian War – Siege of Paris: Leon Gambetta flees Paris in a balloon.
  • 1879
    Germany and Austria-Hungary sign the “Twofold Covenant” and create the Dual Alliance.
  • 1912
    The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
  • 1916
    Georgia Tech defeats Cumberland University 222-0 in the most lopsided college football game in American history.
  • 1919
    KLM, the flag carrier of the Netherlands, is founded. It is the oldest airline still operating under its original name.
  • 1924
    Andreas Michalakopoulos becomes Prime Minister of Greece for a short period of time.
  • 1929
    Photios II becomes Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.
  • 1933
    Air France is inaugurated, after being formed by a merger of 5 French airlines.
  • 1940
    World War II: the McCollum memo proposes bringing the United States into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States.
  • 1942
    World War II: The October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal begins as United States Marine Corps forces attack Imperial Japanese Army units along the Matanikau River.
  • 1944
    World War II: Uprising at Birkenau concentration camp, Jewish prisoners burn down the crematoria.
  • 1949
    The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) is formed.
  • 1958
    President of Pakistan Iskander Mirza, with the support of General Ayub Khan and the army, suspends the 1956 constitution, imposes martial law, and cancels the elections scheduled for January 1959.
  • 1958
    The U.S. manned space-flight project is renamed Project Mercury.
  • 1959
    U.S.S.R. probe Luna 3 transmits the first ever photographs of the far side of the Moon.
  • 1960
    Nigeria joins the United Nations.
  • 1963
    John F. Kennedy signs the ratification of the Partial Test Ban Treaty.
  • 1971
    Oman joins the United Nations.
  • 1976
    Hua Guofeng becomes Mao Zedong’s successor as chairman of Communist Party of China.
  • 1977
    The adoption of the Fourth Soviet Constitution.
  • 1982
    Cats opens on Broadway and runs for nearly 18 years before closing on September 10, 2000.
  • 1985
    The Achille Lauro is hijacked by Palestine Liberation Organization.
  • 1985
    The Mameyes landslide kills close to 300 in the worst landslide in North American history.
  • 1991
    Bombing of Banski dvori in Zagreb.
  • 1993
    The Great Flood of 1993 ends at St. Louis, Missouri, 103 days after it began, as the Mississippi River falls below flood stage.
  • 1998
    Matthew Shepard, a gay student at the University of Wyoming, is found tied to a fence after being savagely beaten by two young adults in Laramie, Wyoming.
  • 2001
    The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan begins with an air assault and covert operations on the ground.
  • 2004
    King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates, replaced by his son Norodom Sihamoni a week later.
  • 2006
    Russian journalist and human rights activist Anna Politkovskaya is shot and killed outside her home in Moscow.

Who Were Born On October 7?

  • 1471
    King Frederick I of Denmark and Norway (d. 1533)
  • 1573
    William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1645)
  • 1576
    John Marston, English writer (d. 1634)
  • 1589
    Maria Magdalena of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (d. 1631)
  • 1713
    Granville Elliott, British military officer (d. 1759)
  • 1728
    Caesar Rodney, American lawyer (d. 1784)
  • 1744
    Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (d. 1819)
  • 1746
    William Billings, American composer (d. 1800)
  • 1748
    King Charles XIII of Sweden (d. 1818)
  • 1769
    Solomon Sibley, American politician and former Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan Territory (d. 1846)
  • 1786
    Louis-Joseph Papineau, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1871)
  • 1835
    Felix Draeseke, German composer (d. 1913)
  • 1836
    Henri Elzéar Taschereau, Canadian jurist and Chief justice of Canada (d. 1911)
  • 1841
    King Nicholas I of Montenegro (d. 1921)
  • 1849
    James Whitcomb Riley, American poet (d. 1916)
  • 1866
    Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • 1870
    Prince Friedrich of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1873)
  • 1870
    Uncle Dave Macon, American banjo player, singer, songwriter, and comedian (d. 1952)
  • 1879
    Joe Hill, American Labor Activist and Poet (d. 1915)
  • 1881
    Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (d. 1918)
  • 1884
    Major Harold Geiger, U.S. Army aviation pioneer (d. 1927)
  • 1885
    Claud Ashton Jones, United States Navy rear admiral and Medal of Honor winner (d. 1948)
  • 1885
    Niels Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1962)
  • 1888
    Henry A. Wallace, 33rd Vice President of the United States (d. 1965)
  • 1892
    Dwain Esper, director (d. 1982)
  • 1894
    Del Lord, American director (d. 1970)
  • 1895
    Maurice Grevisse, Belgian grammarian (d. 1980)
  • 1897
    Elijah Muhammad, American Black Muslim leader (d. 1975)
  • 1898
    Joe Giard, American baseball player (d. 1956)
  • 1900
    Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi official (d. 1945)
  • 1905
    Andy Devine, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1909
    Anni Blomqvist, Finnish novelist (d. 1990)
  • 1909
    Erastus Corning 2nd, American politician, 72nd Mayor of Albany, New York (d. 1983)
  • 1910
    Henry P. McIlhenny, American philanthropist (d. 1986)
  • 1911
    Shura Cherkassky, Ukrainian classical pianist (d. 1995)
  • 1911
    Vaughn Monroe, American singer (d. 1973)
  • 1912
    Fernando Belaúnde Terry, President of Peru (d. 2002)
  • 1913
    Simon Carmiggelt, Dutch journalist and writer (d. 1987)
  • 1914
    Alfred Drake, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1914
    Sarah Churchill, British actress (d. 1982)
  • 1917
    June Allyson, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1919
    Georges Duby, French historian (d. 1996)
  • 1919
    Sir Zelman Cowen, Australian academic and Governor-General
  • 1920
    Jack Rowley, English footballer (d. 1998)
  • 1921
    Raymond Goethals, Belgian football coach (d. 2004)
  • 1922
    Grady Hatton, American baseball player
  • 1922
    William Zinsser, American writer
  • 1923
    Irma Grese, Supervisor at Nazi concentration camps (d. 1945)
  • 1923
    Jean-Paul Riopelle, Québécois member of Les Automatistes (d. 2002)
  • 1926
    Diana Lynn, American actress (d. 1971)
  • 1927
    Al Martino, American singer and actor (d. 2009)
  • 1927
    R. D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist (d. 1989)
  • 1928
    Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter (d. 1980)
  • 1929
    Graeme Ferguson, Canadian filmmaker and executive
  • 1929
    Robert Westall, British author (d. 1993)
  • 1931
    Cotton Fitzsimmons, American basketball coach (d. 2004)
  • 1931
    Desmond Tutu, South African archbishop and Nobel Laureate
  • 1934
    Amiri Baraka, American writer
  • 1934
    Ulrike Meinhof, German journalist and political activist (d. 1976)
  • 1935
    Thomas Keneally, Australian author
  • 1936
    Charles Dutoit, Swiss conductor
  • 1937
    Maria Szyszkowska, Polish politician
  • 1939
    Bill Snyder, American football coach
  • 1939
    Clive James, Australian television presenter and writer
  • 1939
    Harold Kroto, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1939
    John Hopcroft, American computer scientist
  • 1940
    Bruce Vento, American politician and former member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota (d. 2000)
  • 1943
    José Cardenal, Cuban baseball player
  • 1943
    Joy Behar, American television personality
  • 1943
    Oliver North, American former military officer
  • 1944
    Donald Tsang, current Chief executive of Hong Kong
  • 1944
    Judee Sill, American musician (d. 1979)
  • 1945
    Kevin Godley, British musician (10cc)
  • 1946
    Bernard Lavilliers, French singer
  • 1946
    Catherine MacKinnon, American feminist and author
  • 1946
    Pengiran Anak Saleha, Queen of Brunei
  • 1947
    Chris Bambridge, former Australian football referee
  • 1948
    Diane Ackerman, American poet and essayist
  • 1949
    Dave Hope, American musician (Kansas)
  • 1950
    Jakaya Kikwete, Tanzanian politician
  • 1951
    David J. Halberstam, American radio executive
  • 1951
    John Mellencamp, American singer
  • 1952
    Graham Yallop, Australian cricketer
  • 1952
    Jacques Richard, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2002)
  • 1952
    Mary Badham, American actress
  • 1952
    Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister and former President of the Russian Federation
  • 1953
    Tico Torres, musician (Bon Jovi)
  • 1954
    Kenneth Atchley, American composer
  • 1955
    Ralph Johnson, American computer scientist
  • 1955
    Yo-Yo Ma, French-born American cellist
  • 1956
    Brian Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1957
    Jayne Torvill, British figure skater
  • 1957
    Michael W. Smith, American singer
  • 1958
    Judy Landers, American actress
  • 1959
    Dylan Baker, American character actor
  • 1959
    Jean-Marc Fournier, French-Canadian politician
  • 1959
    Lourdes Flores, Peruvian politician
  • 1959
    Simon Cowell, English recording executive
  • 1960
    Kyosuke Himuro, Japanese singer
  • 1960
    Viktor Lazlo, Belgian singer
  • 1961
    Brian Mannix, Australian singer and actor
  • 1961
    Matthew Roloff, American reality star
  • 1961
    Tony Sparano, American football coach
  • 1962
    Dave Bronconnier, Canadian politician
  • 1964
    Dan Savage, American sex-columnist and author
  • 1964
    Paul Stewart, English footballer
  • 1964
    Sam Brown, English singer-songwriter
  • 1965
    Genji Hashimoto, Japanese racing driver
  • 1966
    Marco Beltrami, Italian-American film composer
  • 1966
    Sherman Alexie, Native American author and comedian
  • 1967
    Luke Haines, English musician (The Auteurs, Black Box Recorder)
  • 1967
    Toni Braxton, American singer
  • 1968
    Thom Yorke, English singer (Radiohead)
  • 1969
    Benny Chan Ho Man, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1969
    Bobbie Brown, American actress, model
  • 1969
    Malia Hosaka, Hawaiian professional wrestler
  • 1969
    Maria Whittaker, English model
  • 1970
    Nicole Ari Parker, American actress
  • 1971
    Daniel Boucher, Québécois musician
  • 1972
    Ben Younger, American screenwriter and film director
  • 1973
    Dida, Brazilian footballer
  • 1973
    Priest Holmes, American Football Running Back
  • 1973
    Sami Hyypiä, Finnish footballer
  • 1974
    Alexander Polinsky, American actor
  • 1974
    Allison Munn, American actress
  • 1974
    Charlotte Nilsson, Swedish singer
  • 1975
    Damian Kulash, American musician (OK Go)
  • 1975
    Jamie Hector, American actor
  • 1975
    Kaspars Znotiņš, Latvian actor
  • 1975
    Terry Gerin, American professional wrestler
  • 1975
    Tim Minchin, Australian comedian and musician
  • 1976
    Charles Woodson, American football player
  • 1976
    Gilberto Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976
    Marc Coma, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • 1976
    Santiago Solari, Argentinian footballer
  • 1976
    Taylor Hicks, American musician
  • 1977
    Brandon Quinn, American actor
  • 1977
    Meighan Desmond, New Zealand actress
  • 1978
    Alesha Dixon, British pop singer (Mis-Teeq)
  • 1978
    Jake Humphrey, English television presenter
  • 1978
    Zaheer Khan, Indian cricketer
  • 1979
    Aaron Ashmore, Canadian actor
  • 1979
    Shawn Ashmore, Canadian actor
  • 1979
    Simona Amânar, Romanian gymnast
  • 1979
    Tang Wei, Chinese actress
  • 1980
    Edison Chen, Canadian actor
  • 1980
    Tim Cresswell, Hong Kong footballer
  • 1981
    Doni Schroader, American avant garde composer,pop musician
  • 1982
    Jermain Defoe, English footballer
  • 1982
    Li Yundi, Chinese classical pianist
  • 1982
    Madjid Bougherra, Algerian footballer
  • 1982
    Robby Ginepri, American tennis player
  • 1983
    Flying Lotus, American electronic music producer
  • 1983
    Scottie Upshall, Canadian Hockey Player
  • 1984
    Salman Butt, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1984
    Toma Ikuta, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1985
    Evan Longoria, American baseball player
  • 1986
    Bree Olson, American pornographic actress
  • 1986
    Chase Daniel, American football player
  • 1986
    Gunnar Nielsen, Faroese footballer
  • 1986
    Lee Nguyen, American soccer player
  • 1987
    Jeremy Brockie, New Zealand footballer
  • 1987
    Sam Querrey, American tennis player
  • 1988
    Stacy DuPree, American musician (Eisley)
  • 1990
    Ayla Kell, American actress
  • 1991
    Nicole Jung, Korean/American singer/actress
  • 1995
    Slade Pearce, American actor
  • 2001
    Princess Senate Seeiso, daughter of King Letsie III of Lesotho

Who Died On October 7?

  • 336
    Pope Mark
  • 929
    King Charles III of France (b. 879)
  • 1368
    Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England (b. 1338)
  • 1553
    Cristóbal de Morales, Spanish composer (b. c.1500)
  • 1555
    Louis of Praet, Habsburg diplomat (b. 1488)
  • 1577
    George Gascoigne, English poet
  • 1612
    Giovanni Battista Guarini, Italian poet, dramatist, and diplomat, (b. 1538)
  • 1620
    Stanisław Żółkiewski, Polish military leader (b. 1547)
  • 1637
    Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (b. 1587)
  • 1651
    Jacques Sirmond, French Jesuit scholar (b. 1559)
  • 1653
    Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic priest (b. 1581)
  • 1708
    Guru Gobind Singh, tenth Sikh Guru (b. 1666)
  • 1772
    John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (b. 1720)
  • 1787
    Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church (b. 1711)
  • 1792
    George Mason, American statesman (b. 1725)
  • 1793
    Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician (b. 1718)
  • 1796
    Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (b. 1710)
  • 1849
    Edgar Allan Poe, American writer and poet (b. 1809)
  • 1894
    Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American writer (b. 1809)
  • 1896
    Emma Wedgwood, English naturalist, wife of Charles Darwin, (b. 1808)
  • 1903
    Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (b. 1832)
  • 1904
    Isabella Bird, English explorer, writer, and natural historian (b. 1831)
  • 1906
    Honoré Beaugrand, Canadian journalist and politician, mayor of Montreal (b. 1848)
  • 1911
    John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (b. 1835)
  • 1919
    Alfred Deakin, second Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1856)
  • 1925
    Christy Mathewson, American baseball player (b. 1880)
  • 1926
    Emil Kraepelin, German psychologist (b. 1856)
  • 1939
    Harvey Cushing, Father of Modern Neurosurgery (b. 1869)
  • 1943
    Eugeniusz Bodo, Polish actor (b. 1899)
  • 1943
    Radclyffe Hall, British author (b. 1880)
  • 1944
    Helmut Lent, German night fighter pilot (b. 1918)
  • 1956
    Clarence Birdseye, American inventor (b. 1886)
  • 1959
    Mario Lanza, American tenor (b. 1921)
  • 1966
    Grigoris Asikis, Greek singer and songwriter. (b. 1890)
  • 1966
    Smiley Lewis, American musician (b. 1913)
  • 1967
    Sir Norman Angell, British politician and Nobel Laureate (b. 1872)
  • 1969
    Léon Scieur, Belgian cyclist (b. 1888)
  • 1970
    Alphonse-Marie Parent, Canadian priest, educator and academic executive (b. 1906)
  • 1991
    Leo Durocher, American baseball player and manager (b. 1905)
  • 1992
    Allan Bloom, American philosopher and educator (b. 1930)
  • 1992
    Tevfik Esenç, last known speaker of Ubykh (b. 1904)
  • 1993
    Cyril Cusack, Irish actor (b. 1910)
  • 1994
    Niels Kaj Jerne, English-born Danish immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1911)
  • 1995
    Ernest Ingenito, American mass murderer (b. 1924)
  • 1998
    Arnold Jacobs, American tuba player a.k.a. Song and Wind (b. 1915)
  • 2001
    Christopher Adams, British-born pro wrestler and judoka (b. 1955)
  • 2001
    Herbert “Herblock” Block, American cartoonist (b. 1909)
  • 2001
    Roger Gaudry, French Canadian chemist, businessman and corporate director (b. 1913)
  • 2002
    Pierangelo Bertoli, Italian singer-songwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2003
    Arthur Berger, American composer (b. 1912)
  • 2003
    Israel Harold “Izzy” Asper, Canadian tax lawyer and media magnate (b. 1932)
  • 2003
    Wally George, American conservative TV commentator (b. 1931)
  • 2004
    Ken Bigley, British civil engineer, kidnapped and murdered in Iraq (b. 1942)
  • 2005
    Charles Rocket, American actor (b. 1949)
  • 2006
    Abraham Afewerki, Eritrean singer (b.1966)
  • 2006
    Anna Politkovskaya, Russian journalist (b. 1958)
  • 2006
    Julen Goikoetxea, Spanish Basque cyclist (b. 1985)
  • 2007
    George E. Sangmeister, American politician (b. 1931)
  • 2007
    Norifumi Abe, Japanese motorcycle racer (b. 1975)
  • 2008
    Leslie Hardman, Jewish Orthodox rabbi (b. 1913)
  • 2009
    Irving Penn, American photographer (b. 1917)
  • 2010
    Milka Planinc, former PM of Yugoslavia (b. 1924)
  • 2010
    T Lavitz, American musician (b. 1956)
  • 2011
    Ramiz Alia, the former communist leader and first president of the Albanian pluralist (b. 1925)

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