Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on July 21? There are more than 234 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 21

July 21 is the 202nd day of the year 2019. There are 163 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Sunday. This day falls under the 29th week of the year 2019.

On this day in Hadley, New York 12835 sunrise will occur at 10:35 AM and sunset will occur at 01:29 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Cancer. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 188 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (January 25, 2020).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the July 23 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For July 21

  • 356 BC
    The Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is destroyed by arson.
  • 230
    Pope Pontian succeeds Urban I as the eighteenth pope.
  • 285
    Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar and co-ruler.
  • 365
    A tsunami devastates the city of Alexandria, Egypt. The tsunami was caused by the Crete earthquake estimated to be 8.0 on the Richter Scale. 5,000 people perished in Alexandria, and 45,000 more died outside the city.
  • 1403
    Battle of Shrewsbury: King Henry IV of England defeats rebels to the north of the county town of Shropshire, England.
  • 1545
    The first landing of French troops on the coast of the Isle of Wight during the French invasion of the Isle of Wight.
  • 1568
    Eighty Years’ War: Battle of Jemmingen – Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva defeats Louis of Nassau.
  • 1718
    The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.
  • 1774
    Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.
  • 1831
    Inauguration of Leopold I of Belgium, first king of the Belgians.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: First Battle of Bull Run – at Manassas Junction, Virginia, the first major battle of the war begins and ends in a victory for the Confederate army.
  • 1865
    In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first western showdown.
  • 1873
    At Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang pull off the first successful train robbery in the American Old West.
  • 1877
    After rioting by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers and the deaths of nine rail workers at the hands of the Maryland militia, workers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania stage a sympathy strike that is met with an assault by the state militia.
  • 1904
    Louis Rigolly, a Frenchman, becomes the first man to break the 100 mph barrier on land. He drove a 15-liter Gobron-Brille in Ostend, Belgium.
  • 1914
    The Crown council of Romania decides the country shall remain neutral in World War I
  • 1918
    SMU U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
  • 1919
    The dirigible Wingfoot Air Express crashes into the Illinois Trust and Savings Building in Chicago, killing 12 people.
  • 1925
    Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology teacher John T. Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution in class and fined $100.
  • 1925
    Sir Malcolm Campbell becomes the first man to break the 150 mph land barrier at Pendine Sands in Wales. He drove a Sunbeam at a two-way average speed of 150.33 mph.
  • 1944
    World War II: Battle of Guam – American troops land on Guam starting the battle. It would end on August 10.
  • 1944
    World War II: Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and fellow conspirators are executed in Berlin, Germany for the July 20 plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler.
  • 1949
    The United States Senate ratifies the North Atlantic Treaty.
  • 1954
    First Indochina War: The Geneva Conference partitions Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
  • 1959
    Elijah Jerry “Pumpsie” Green becomes the first African-American to play for the Boston Red Sox, the last team to integrate. He came in as a pinch runner for Vic Wertz and stayed in as shortstop in a 2-1 loss to the Chicago White Sox.
  • 1961
    Mercury program: Mercury-Redstone 4 Mission – Gus Grissom piloting Liberty Bell 7 becomes the second American to go into space (in a suborbital mission).
  • 1969
    Space Race: Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin become the first humans to walk on the Moon, during the Apollo 11 mission (July 20 in North America).
  • 1970
    After 11 years of construction, the Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.
  • 1972
    Bloody Friday bombings by the Provisional IRA around Belfast, Northern Ireland – 22 bombs are detonated, killing 9 and seriously injuring 130.
  • 1973
    In the Lillehammer affair in Norway, Israeli Mossad agents kill a waiter whom they mistakenly thought was involved in the 1972 Munich Olympics Massacre.
  • 1976
    Christopher Ewart-Biggs British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland is assassinated by the Provisional IRA.
  • 1977
    The start of the four day long Libyan-Egyptian War.
  • 1983
    The world’s lowest temperature is recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica at -89.2 °C.
  • 1995
    Third Taiwan Strait Crisis: The People’s Liberation Army begins firing missiles into the waters north of Taiwan.
  • 1997
    The fully restored USS Constitution (aka Old Ironsides) celebrates her 200th birthday by setting sail for the first time in 116 years.
  • 2001
    At the conclusion of a fireworks display on Okura Beach in Akashi, Hyōgo, Japan, 11 people are killed and more than 120 are injured when a pedestrian footbridge connecting the beach to JR Asagiri railway station becomes overcrowded and people leaving the event fall down in a domino effect.
  • 2005
    Four terrorist bombings, occurring exactly two weeks after the similar July 7 bombings, target London’s public transportation system. All four bombs fail to detonate and all four suspected suicide bombers are captured and later convicted and imprisoned for long terms.
  • 2011
    NASA’s Space Shuttle program ends with the landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135.

Who Were Born On July 21?

  • 1620
    Jean Picard, French astronomer (d. 1682)
  • 1664
    Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat (d. 1721)
  • 1693
    Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1768)
  • 1710
    Paul Möhring, German physician (d. 1792)
  • 1762
    Timothy Hinman, pioneer road builder
  • 1808
    Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and politician (d. 1864)
  • 1810
    Henri Victor Regnault, French chemist (d. 1878)
  • 1816
    Paul Reuter, German-born British journalist (d. 1899)
  • 1851
    Sam Bass, American train robber and outlaw (d. 1878)
  • 1858
    Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist (d. 1941)
  • 1858
    Lovis Corinth, German painter (d. 1925)
  • 1858
    Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain (d. 1929)
  • 1863
    Aubrey Smith, English cricketer and actor (d. 1948)
  • 1870
    Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
  • 1880
    Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician and astronomer (d. 1919)
  • 1882
    David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (d. 1967)
  • 1893
    Hans Fallada, German writer (d. 1947)
  • 1898
    Sara Carter, Carter Family vocalist/guitarist (d. 1979)
  • 1899
    Ernest Hemingway, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1899
    Hart Crane, American poet (d. 1932)
  • 1903
    Roy Neuberger, American financier (d. 2010)
  • 1908
    Harold “Jug” McSpaden, American professional golfer (d. 1996)
  • 1911
    Marshall McLuhan, Canadian author and media theorist (d. 1980)
  • 1920
    Constance Dowling, American actress (d. 1969)
  • 1920
    Constant Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter (d. 2005)
  • 1920
    Isaac Stern, Ukrainian-born violinist (d. 2001)
  • 1922
    Kay Starr, American singer
  • 1922
    Mollie Sugden, British comedic actress (d. 2009)
  • 1923
    Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1924
    Don Knotts, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1925
    Anne Meacham, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1926
    Karel Reisz, British film director (d. 2002)
  • 1926
    Norman Jewison, Canadian film director
  • 1926
    Paul Burke, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1926
    Queenie Watts, English actress (d. 1980)
  • 1926
    Rahimuddin Khan, Pakistani general
  • 1928
    Marcel Gauthier, Canadian wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1929
    Bob Orton Sr., American wrestler (d. 2006)
  • 1930
    Anand Bakshi, Indian lyricist (d. 2002)
  • 1932
    Ernie Warlick, American football player
  • 1933
    John Gardner, American author (d. 1982)
  • 1934
    Chandu Borde, former Indian cricketer
  • 1934
    Jonathan Miller, British theatre director
  • 1935
    Kaye Stevens, singer and actress
  • 1935
    Moe Drabowsky, baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1935
    Norbert Blüm, German politician
  • 1938
    Anton Kuerti, Canadian pianist, composer and conductor
  • 1938
    Janet Reno, 79th United States Attorney General
  • 1938
    Les Aspin, American politician (d. 1995)
  • 1939
    John Negroponte, 1st United States Director of National Intelligence
  • 1942
    Kim Fowley, American songwriter, musician, manager, and record producer
  • 1943
    Edward Herrmann, American actor
  • 1944
    Paul Wellstone, American politician (d. 2002)
  • 1945
    Barry Richards, Former South African cricketer
  • 1945
    Geoff Dymock, Former Australian cricketer
  • 1945
    John Lowe, English darts player
  • 1945
    Lydia Shum, Hong Kong comedian and actress (d. 2008)
  • 1946
    Barry Whitwam, British musician (Herman’s Hermits)
  • 1946
    Kenneth Starr, American lawyer
  • 1947
    Chetan Chauhan, Former Indian cricketer
  • 1948
    Art Hindle, Canadian actor
  • 1948
    Cat Stevens (Yusuf Islam), English singer/songwriter
  • 1948
    Ed Hinton, American sportswriter
  • 1948
    Garry Trudeau, American cartoonist
  • 1948
    Snooty, the oldest known Florida manatee
  • 1948
    Teruzane Utada, Japanese music record producer and manager
  • 1949
    Al Hrabosky, baseball player
  • 1949
    Hirini Melbourne, New Zealand musician and composer
  • 1950
    Ubaldo Fillol, Argentinian footballer
  • 1951
    Robin Williams, American comedian/actor
  • 1952
    John Barrasso, American politician
  • 1952
    Susannah Carr, Australian journalist
  • 1953
    Brian Talbot, British footballer
  • 1953
    Jeff Fatt, Chinese-Australian actor
  • 1955
    Béla Tarr, Hungarian film director
  • 1955
    Henry Priestman, British keyboardist and singer
  • 1955
    Howie Epstein, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1955
    Taco, Dutch singer
  • 1956
    Michael Connelly, American author
  • 1957
    Jon Lovitz, American comedian
  • 1959
    Paul Vautin, Australian rugby league player
  • 1960
    Fritz Walter, German footballer
  • 1960
    Lance Guest, American actor
  • 1961
    Amar Singh Chamkila, Punjabi folk singer
  • 1961
    Jim Martin, American musician (Faith No More)
  • 1963
    Greg Behrendt, American comedian
  • 1963
    Kevin Poole, English footballer
  • 1963
    Paulo Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • 1964
    Jens Weißflog, German ski jumper
  • 1964
    Ross Kemp, British actor
  • 1965
    Guðni Bergsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1965
    Jovy Marcelo, Filipino racing driver (d. 1992)
  • 1965
    Mike Bordick, American baseball player
  • 1966
    Arija Bareikis, American actress
  • 1966
    Sarah Waters, British novelist
  • 1968
    Brandi Chastain, American soccer player
  • 1968
    Johnnie Barnes, American football player
  • 1968
    Lyle Odelein, Canadian hockey player
  • 1969
    Emerson Hart, American musician (Tonic)
  • 1969
    Godfrey, American comedian
  • 1969
    Klaus Graf, German racing driver
  • 1970
    Shawn Stasiak, American professional wrestler
  • 1971
    Charlotte Gainsbourg, French actress and singer
  • 1971
    Emmanuel Bangué, French long jumper
  • 1971
    Marcus Eoin, Scottish musician (Boards of Canada)
  • 1971
    Nuno Markl, Portuguese comedian and radio host
  • 1972
    Shinjiro Otani, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1973
    Ali Landry, American model and actress
  • 1974
    Geoff Jenkins, American baseball player
  • 1975
    Cara Dillon, Irish folk singer
  • 1975
    Chris Bisson, British actor
  • 1975
    Mike Sellers, American football player
  • 1975
    Ravindra Pushpakumara, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1977
    Jaime Murray, British actress
  • 1977
    Paul Casey, English golfer
  • 1978
    Anderson, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978
    Damian Marley, Jamaican musician
  • 1978
    Gary Teale, Scottish footballer
  • 1978
    Josh Hartnett, American actor
  • 1978
    Justin Bartha, American actor
  • 1978
    Kyoko Iwasaki, Japanese swimmer
  • 1979
    Andriy Voronin, Ukrainian football player
  • 1979
    David Carr, American football player
  • 1979
    Tamika Catchings, American basketball player
  • 1980
    CC Sabathia, American baseball player
  • 1980
    Tailor James, Canadian model
  • 1981
    Anabelle Langlois, Canadian figure skater
  • 1981
    Blake Lewis, American musician
  • 1981
    Chrishell Stause, American actress
  • 1981
    Joaquín Sánchez, Spanish footballer
  • 1981
    Stefan Schumacher, German cyclist
  • 1981
    Yushin Okami, Japanese mixed martial artist
  • 1982
    Mao Kobayashi, Japanese actress
  • 1983
    Eivør Pálsdóttir, Faroese singer
  • 1983
    Kellen Winslow II, American football player
  • 1984
    Jurrick Juliana, Dutch footballer
  • 1984
    Liam Ridgewell, English footballer
  • 1985
    Paloma Faith, British singer
  • 1985
    Vanessa Lengies, Canadian actress
  • 1985
    Von Wafer, American basketball player
  • 1988
    Chris Mitchell, Scottish footballer
  • 1988
    DeAndre Jordan, American basketball player
  • 1989
    Chelsie Hightower, American professional dancer (Dancing with the Stars, former So You Think You Can Dance contestant)
  • 1989
    Chris Gunter, Welsh footballer
  • 1989
    Jamie Waylett, English actor
  • 1989
    Juno Temple, English actress
  • 1989
    Rory Culkin, American actor
  • 1990
    Chris Martin, English footballer
  • 1992
    Giselle Klein, Canadian sprint car driver
  • 1992
    Rachael Flatt, American figure skater

Who Died On July 21?

  • 1403
    Henry Percy, English nobleman and soldier (b. 1364)
  • 1425
    Manuel II Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1350)
  • 1688
    James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English statesman and soldier (b. 1610)
  • 1793
    Bruni d'Entrecasteaux, French explorer (b. 1739)
  • 1796
    Robert Burns, Scottish poet (b. 1759)
  • 1798
    François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (b. 1733)
  • 1878
    Sam Bass, American train robber and outlaw (b. 1851)
  • 1880
    Hiram Walden, American politician (b. 1800)
  • 1889
    Nelson Dewey, American politician (b. 1813)
  • 1899
    Robert G. Ingersoll, American politician and military officer (b. 1833)
  • 1932
    Bill Gleason, American baseball player (b. 1858)
  • 1938
    Owen Wister, American author (b. 1860)
  • 1941
    Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet (b. 1872)
  • 1943
    Charlie Paddock, American athlete (b. 1900)
  • 1944
    Claus von Stauffenberg, German military officer and head of the failed 20 July Plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler (b. 1907)
  • 1946
    Gualberto Villarroel, Bolivian politician (b. 1908)
  • 1948
    Arshile Gorky, Armenian-born American artist (b. 1904)
  • 1967
    Albert Lutuli, South African politician, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • 1967
    Basil Rathbone, English actor (b. 1892)
  • 1967
    Jimmie Foxx, American baseball player (b. 1907)
  • 1968
    Ruth St. Denis, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1878)
  • 1970
    Bob Kalsu, American football player (b. 1945)
  • 1970
    Mikhail Gerasimov, Russian anthropologist and sculptor (b. 1907)
  • 1972
    Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, Third king of Bhutan (b. 1928)
  • 1972
    Ralph Craig, American athlete (b. 1889)
  • 1977
    Lee Miller, American photographer (b. 1907)
  • 1982
    Dave Garroway, American television host (b. 1913)
  • 1986
    Ernest Maas, American screenwriter (b. 1892)
  • 1991
    Paul Warwick, English racing driver (b. 1969)
  • 1998
    Alan Shepard, American astronaut (b. 1923)
  • 1998
    Robert Young, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 2000
    Marc Reisner, American writer (b. 1948)
  • 2001
    Sivaji Ganesan, Indian Tamil actor (b. 1927)
  • 2001
    Steve Barton, American actor (b. 1954)
  • 2003
    John Davies, New Zealander athlete (b. 1938)
  • 2003
    Matt Jefferies, American film art director (b. 1921)
  • 2004
    Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2004
    Jerry Goldsmith, American composer (b. 1929)
  • 2005
    Alfred Hayes, British wrestling announcer (b. 1928)
  • 2005
    Long John Baldry, British blues musician (b. 1941)
  • 2005
    Michael Chapman, British classical bassoonist (b. 1934)
  • 2006
    Herbert “Herbie” Kalin, American singer (The Kalin Twins) (b. 1934)
  • 2006
    Mako, Japanese-born American actor (b. 1933)
  • 2006
    Ta Mok, Cambodian Khmer Rouge leader (b. 1926)
  • 2007
    Dubravko Škiljan, Croatian linguist known for his work on Classical philology and semiotics (b. 1949)
  • 2010
    Luis Corvalán, Chilean communist leader (b. 1916)
  • 2011
    Lucian Freud, Realist painter (b. 1922)

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