Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on April 20? There are more than 270 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About April 20

April 20 is the 110th day of the year 2019. There are 255 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday. This day falls under the 16th week of the year 2019.

On this day in Tucker, Georgia 30085 sunrise will occur at 11:58 AM and sunset will occur at 01:11 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Aries. The modern birthstone for this month is Diamond while the mystical birthstone is Opal.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 280 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (January 25, 2020).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the April 22 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For April 20

  • 1323
    The University of Rome La Sapienza is instituted by Pope Boniface VIII.
  • 1453
    The last naval battle in Byzantine history occurs, as three Genoese galleys escorting a Byzantine transport fight their way through the huge Ottoman blockade fleet and into the Golden Horn.
  • 1526
    The last ruler of the Lodi Dynasty, Ibrahim Lodi is defeated and killed by Babur in the First Battle of Panipat.
  • 1534
    Jacques Cartier begins the voyage during which he discovers Canada and Labrador.
  • 1535
    The Sun dog phenomenon observed over Stockholm and depicted in the famous painting “Vädersolstavlan”.
  • 1653
    Oliver Cromwell dissolves the Rump Parliament.
  • 1657
    Admiral Robert Blake destroys a Spanish silver fleet under heavy fire at Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
  • 1657
    Freedom of religion is granted to the Jews of New Amsterdam (later New York City).
  • 1689
    The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.
  • 1770
    The Georgian king Erekle II, abandoned by his Russian ally Count Totleben, wins a victory over Ottoman forces at Aspindza.
  • 1775
    American Revolutionary War: the Siege of Boston begins, following the battles at Lexington and Concord.
  • 1792
    France declares war on Austria, the beginning of French Revolutionary Wars.
  • 1809
    Two Austrian army corps in Bavaria are defeated by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France at the Battle of Abensberg on the second day of a four day campaign that ended in a French victory.
  • 1810
    The Governor of Caracas declares independence from Spain.
  • 1818
    The case of Ashford v Thornton ends, with Abraham Thornton allowed to go free rather than face a retrial for murder, after his demand for trial by battle is upheld.
  • 1828
    René Caillié becomes the first non-Muslim to enter Timbouctou.
  • 1836
    U.S. Congress passes an act creating the Wisconsin Territory.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army in order to command the forces of the state of Virginia.
  • 1862
    Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard complete the first pasteurization tests.
  • 1865
    Astronomer Pietro Angelo Secchi demonstrates the Secchi disk, which measures water clarity, aboard Pope Pius IX’s yacht, the L’Immaculata Concezion.
  • 1871
    The Civil Rights Act of 1871 becomes law.
  • 1876
    The April Uprising, a key point in modern Bulgarian history, leading to the Russo-Turkish War and the liberation of Bulgaria from domination as an independent part of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1884
    Pope Leo XIII publishes the encyclical Humanum Genus.
  • 1902
    Pierre and Marie Curie refine radium chloride.
  • 1908
    Opening day of competition in the New South Wales Rugby League.
  • 1912
    Opening day for baseball’s Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan, and Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1914
    19 men, women, and children die in the Ludlow Massacre during a Colorado coal-miner’s strike.
  • 1916
    The Chicago Cubs play their first game at Weeghman Park (currently Wrigley Field), defeating the Cincinnati Reds 7-6 in 11 innings.
  • 1918
    Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims, his final victories before his death the following day.
  • 1922
    The Soviet government creates South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast within Georgian SSR.
  • 1926
    Western Electric and Warner Bros. announce Vitaphone, a process to add sound to film.
  • 1939
    Adolf Hitler’s 50th birthday is celebrated as a national holiday in Nazi Germany.
  • 1939
    Billie Holiday records the first Civil Rights song “Strange Fruit”.
  • 1945
    World War II: Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth.
  • 1945
    World War II: US troops capture Leipzig, Germany, only to later cede the city to the Soviet Union.
  • 1946
    The League of Nations officially dissolves, giving most of its power to the United Nations.
  • 1961
    Failure of the Bay of Pigs Invasion of US-backed troops against Cuba.
  • 1964
    BBC Two launches with a power cut because of the fire at Battersea Power Station.
  • 1968
    English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial Rivers of Blood speech.
  • 1972
    Apollo 16, commanded by John Young, lands on the moon.
  • 1978
    Korean Air Flight 902 is shot down by the Soviet Union.
  • 1980
    Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria as hundreds of Berber political activists are arrested.
  • 1984
    The Good Friday Massacre, an extremely violent ice hockey playoff game, is played in Montreal, Canada.
  • 1985
    The ATF raids The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas.
  • 1986
    Pianist Vladimir Horowitz performs in his native Russia for the first time in 61 years.
  • 1998
    German terrorist group the Red Army Faction announces their dissolution after 28 years.
  • 1999
    Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School in Jefferson County, Colorado.
  • 2007
    Johnson Space Center Shooting: A man with a handgun barricades himself in NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas before killing a male hostage and himself.
  • 2008
    Danica Patrick wins the Indy Japan 300 becoming the first female driver in history to win an Indy car race.
  • 2010
    The Deepwater Horizon oil well explodes in the Gulf of Mexico, killing eleven workers and beginning an oil spill that would last five months.

Who Were Born On April 20?

  • 702
    Jafar Sadiq, Shi'a Imam and Muslim scholar (d. 765)
  • 1494
    Johannes Agricola, German Protestant reformer (d. 1566)
  • 1586
    Saint Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (d. 1617)
  • 1633
    Emperor Go-Komyo of Japan (d. 1654)
  • 1646
    Charles Plumier, French botanist (d. 1704)
  • 1650
    William Bedloe, English informer (d. 1680)
  • 1668
    Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (d. 1739)
  • 1718
    David Brainerd, American missionary (d. 1747)
  • 1723
    Cornelius Harnett, American Continental Congress delegate (d. 1781)
  • 1727
    Comte de Mercy-Argenteau, Belgian-born Austrian diplomat (d. 1794)
  • 1745
    Philippe Pinel, French physician (d. 1826)
  • 1808
    Emperor Napoleon III of France (d. 1873)
  • 1816
    Bogoslav Šulek, Croatian philologist, historian and lexicographer (d. 1895)
  • 1818
    Heinrich Göbel, German-born inventor (d. 1893)
  • 1826
    Dinah Craik, English author (d. 1887)
  • 1850
    Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (d. 1931)
  • 1851
    Young Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (d. 1875)
  • 1870
    Maulvi Abdul Haq, Pakistani scholar (d. 1961)
  • 1871
    Sydney Chapman, British economist and civil servant (d. 1951)
  • 1875
    Vladimir Vidrić, Croatian poet (d. 1909)
  • 1879
    Paul Poiret, French couturier (d. 1944)
  • 1882
    Holland Smith, U.S. General (d. 1967)
  • 1884
    Daniel Varujan, Armenian poet (d. 1915)
  • 1884
    Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1966)
  • 1889
    Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1889
    Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and activist (d. 1996)
  • 1890
    Maurice Duplessis, premier of Quebec (d. 1959)
  • 1893
    Edna Parker, American supercentenarian (d. 2008)
  • 1893
    Harold Lloyd, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1893
    Joan Miró, Spanish painter (d. 1983)
  • 1895
    Emile Christian, American musician (d. 1973)
  • 1896
    Henry de Montherlant, French writer (d. 1972)
  • 1896
    Wilfrid R. “Wop” May, Canadian aviator (d. 1952)
  • 1904
    Bruce Cabot, American actor (d. 1972)
  • 1904
    George Stibitz, American scientist (d. 1995)
  • 1907
    Augoustinos Kantiotes, Greek Orthodox bishop of Florina (d. 2010)
  • 1908
    Lionel Hampton, American musician (d. 2002)
  • 1913
    Mimis Fotopoulos, Greek actor (d. 1986)
  • 1914
    Betty Lou Gerson, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1915
    Joseph Wolpe, South African–born psychotherapist (d. 1997)
  • 1918
    Edward L. Beach, Jr., American naval officer, author (d. 2002)
  • 1918
    Kai Siegbahn, Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)
  • 1919
    Richard Hillary, Australian pilot and author (d. 1943)
  • 1920
    John Paul Stevens, American jurist
  • 1920
    Ratko Zvrko, Croatian author, journalist and boxer (d. 1998)
  • 1920
    Ronald Speirs, WWII Veteran (d. 2007)
  • 1921
    Janine Sutto, French-Canadian actress
  • 1923
    Irene Lieblich, Polish-born painter (d. 2008)
  • 1923
    Mother Angelica, American nun and broadcaster
  • 1923
    Tito Puente, American musician (d. 2000)
  • 1924
    Leslie Phillips, English actor
  • 1924
    Nina Foch, Dutch-born American actress (d. 2008)
  • 1925
    Ernie Stautner, German-born American football player (d. 2006)
  • 1927
    Karl Alexander Müller, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927
    Phil Hill, American race car driver (d. 2008)
  • 1928
    Gerald S. Hawkins, English astronomer (d. 2003)
  • 1928
    Johnny Gavin, Irish footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1929
    Harry Agganis, Greek-American baseball and football player (d. 1955)
  • 1931
    John Eccles, 2nd Viscount Eccles, British businessman and peer
  • 1936
    Pat Roberts, American politician
  • 1937
    Antonios Kounadis, Greek discus thrower
  • 1937
    George Takei, American actor
  • 1938
    Johnny Tillotson, American singer and songwriter
  • 1938
    Tamási Eszter, Hungarian TV announcer and actress (d. 1991)
  • 1939
    Gro Harlem Brundtland, former Prime Minister of Norway
  • 1939
    Peter S. Beagle, American author
  • 1940
    James Gammon, American actor (d. 2010)
  • 1941
    Ryan O'Neal, American actor
  • 1942
    Arto Paasilinna, Finnish writer
  • 1943
    Edie Sedgwick, American actress (d. 1971)
  • 1943
    John Eliot Gardiner, English conductor
  • 1945
    Judith O'Dea, American actress
  • 1945
    Michael Brandon, American actor
  • 1945
    Steve Spurrier, American football player and coach
  • 1946
    Gordon Smiley, American racecar driver (d. 1982)
  • 1946
    Julien Poulin, French Canadian actor
  • 1947
    Andrew Tobias, American journalist and author
  • 1947
    Björn Skifs, Swedish singer (Blue Swede)
  • 1947
    David Leland, British actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1947
    Ken Scott, English record producer and recording engineer
  • 1948
    Craig Frost, American musician (Grand Funk & Bob Seger)
  • 1948
    Gregory Itzin, American actor
  • 1948
    Rémy Trudel, French Canadian politician
  • 1949
    Jessica Lange, American actress
  • 1949
    Massimo D'Alema, 76th Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1949
    Toller Cranston, Canadian figure skater and artist
  • 1949
    Veronica Cartwright, American actress
  • 1950
    Alexander Lebed, Russian general and politician (d. 2002)
  • 1950
    Chandra Babu Naidu, Indian politician
  • 1950
    Steve Erickson, American novelist
  • 1951
    Luther Vandross, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1952
    Božidar Maljković, Serbian basketball coach
  • 1952
    Louka Katseli, Greek Minister for Labour and Social Security
  • 1953
    Robert Crais, American author
  • 1953
    Sebastian Faulks, British novelist
  • 1954
    Gilles Lupien, French-Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955
    Don Pettit, American astronaut and inventor
  • 1956
    Beatrice Ask, Swedish politician
  • 1957
    Geraint Wyn Davies, Welsh-born Canadian actor
  • 1958
    Viacheslav Fetisov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1959
    Clint Howard, American actor
  • 1961
    Barry Smolin, American radio host, writer, and musician
  • 1961
    Don Mattingly, American baseball player
  • 1961
    Konstantin Lavronenko, Russian actor
  • 1961
    Nicholas Lyndhurst, British actor
  • 1962
    Henry Joseph Nasiff Jr. (AKA: Hank the Angry Drunken Dwarf), American radio personality (d. 2001)
  • 1963
    Aubrey de Grey, British biomedical gerontologist
  • 1963
    Maurício Gugelmin, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1964
    Andy Serkis, English actor
  • 1964
    Crispin Glover, American actor
  • 1964
    Rosalynn Sumners, American figure skater
  • 1965
    Adrian Fernández, Mexican racing driver
  • 1965
    April March, American musician
  • 1965
    Kostas Hatzidakis, Greek politician
  • 1966
    David Chalmers, Australian philosopher
  • 1967
    Lara Jill Miller, American actress
  • 1967
    Mike Portnoy, American drummer (Dream Theater, Avenged Sevenfold)
  • 1967
    Raymond van Barneveld, Dutch darts player
  • 1968
    J. D. Roth, American game show host and television personality
  • 1968
    Julia Morris, Australian comedian and television presenter
  • 1968
    Yelena Välbe, Russian cross-country skier
  • 1970
    Adriano Moraes, Brazilian rodeo performer
  • 1970
    Saraa, Mongolian singer
  • 1970
    Shemar Moore, American actor
  • 1971
    Allan Houston, American basketball player
  • 1971
    Carla Geurts, Dutch swimmer
  • 1971
    Nikos Kyzeridis, Greek footballer
  • 1972
    Željko Joksimović, Serbian singer, songwriter and producer
  • 1972
    Carmen Electra, American actress
  • 1972
    Le Huynh Đuc, Vietnamese footballer
  • 1972
    Marko Kon, Serbian singer, composer, songwriter and producer
  • 1972
    Stephen Marley, Jamaican musician
  • 1973
    Geoff Lloyd, British radio presenter
  • 1973
    Lamond Murray, American basketball player
  • 1974
    Tina Cousins, English singer
  • 1975
    Benjamin Butler (artist), painter
  • 1976
    Aldo Bobadilla, Paraguayan football player
  • 1976
    Chris Mason, Canadian ice hockey goaltender
  • 1976
    Joey Lawrence, American actor
  • 1976
    Shay Given, Irish footballer
  • 1977
    Johnny “The Bull” Stamboli, professional wrestler
  • 1978
    Clayne Crawford, American actor
  • 1978
    Mirei Kuroda, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1979
    Ludovic Magnin, Swiss football player
  • 1979
    Nathan Marquardt, American mixed martial artist
  • 1979
    Quinn Weng, Taiwanese singer (Seraphim)
  • 1980
    Arin Paul, Indian film director
  • 1980
    Chris Duffy, American baseball player
  • 1980
    Jasmin Wagner, German singer
  • 1982
    Dario Knežević, Croatian football player
  • 1983
    Danny Granger, American basketball player
  • 1983
    Fabio Staibano, Italian rugby player
  • 1983
    Joanne King, Irish/English actress
  • 1983
    Miranda Kerr, Australian supermodel
  • 1983
    Patrice M'Bock, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1983
    Sebastian Ingrosso, Swedish DJ and producer
  • 1984
    Edixon Perea Valencia, Colombian football player
  • 1984
    Tyson Griffin, American mixed martial artist
  • 1985
    Ehsan Jami, Dutch-Iranian politician and activist
  • 1986
    Cameron Duncan, New Zealand director (d. 2003)
  • 1987
    John Patrick Amedori, American actor
  • 1987
    Michael Klauß, German footballer
  • 1991
    Ondřej Kraják, Czech footballer

Who Died On April 20?

  • 1176
    Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English military leader (b. 1130)
  • 1314
    Pope Clement V (b. 1264)
  • 1521
    Zhengde Emperor of China (b. 1491)
  • 1534
    Elizabeth Barton, English nun (executed)
  • 1558
    Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (b. 1485)
  • 1643
    Christoph Demantius, German composer (b. 1567)
  • 1703
    Lancelot Addison, English royal chaplain (b. 1632)
  • 1769
    Pontiac, Chief of the Ottawa (b. 1720)
  • 1831
    John Abernethy, English surgeon (b. 1764)
  • 1873
    William Tite, English architect (b. 1798)
  • 1874
    Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (b. 1817)
  • 1887
    Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Egyptian statesman (b. 1826)
  • 1899
    Joseph Wolf, German artist (b. 1820)
  • 1902
    Joaquim de Sousa Andrade, Brazilian poet who designed the flag of the State of Maranhão (b. 1833)
  • 1912
    Bram Stoker, Irish author (b. 1847)
  • 1918
    Karl Ferdinand Braun, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1850)
  • 1929
    Prince Albert Wilhelm Heinrich of Prussia (b. 1862)
  • 1932
    Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician (b. 1858)
  • 1944
    Elmer Gedeon, one of two Major League Baseball fatal casualties during World War II.
  • 1945
    Erwin Bumke, German jurist (b. 1874)
  • 1947
    King Christian X of Denmark (b. 1870)
  • 1951
    Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1873)
  • 1964
    Eddie Dyer, American baseball player (b. 1899)
  • 1969
    Vjekoslav Luburić, Croatian war criminal (b. 1911)
  • 1977
    Sepp Herberger, German football coach (b. 1897)
  • 1982
    Archibald MacLeish, American poet and Librarian of Congress (b. 1892)
  • 1986
    Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist, journalist and writer (b. 1916)
  • 1989
    Doru Davidovici, Romanian writer and fighter pilot (b. 1945)
  • 1991
    Don Siegel, American film director (b. 1912)
  • 1991
    Steve Marriott, British singer and songwriter (The Small Faces) (Humble Pie) (b. 1947)
  • 1992
    Benny Hill, British comedian (b. 1924)
  • 1993
    Cantinflas, Mexican comedian and actor (b. 1911)
  • 1994
    Jean Carmet, French actor (b. 1920)
  • 1996
    Christopher Robin Milne, son of A. A. Milne (b. 1920)
  • 1996
    Tran Van Tra, Vietnamese general and politician (b. 1918)
  • 1999
    Cassie Bernall, Columbine High School massacre victim (b. 1981)
  • 1999
    Dylan Klebold, perpetrator of the Columbine High massacre (b. 1981)
  • 1999
    Eric David Harris, perpetrator of the Columbine High massacre (b. 1981)
  • 1999
    Rachel Joy Scott, Columbine High School massacre victim (b. 1981)
  • 1999
    Rick Rude, American professional wrestler (b. 1958)
  • 1999
    Señor Wences, Spanish ventriloquist and comedian (b. 1896)
  • 2001
    Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (b. 1946)
  • 2002
    Alan Dale, American singer (b. 1925)
  • 2003
    Bernard Katz, German-born biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1911)
  • 2003
    Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (b. 1976)
  • 2003
    Ruth Hale, American playwright and actress (b. 1908)
  • 2005
    Fumio Niwa, Japanese novelist (b. 1904)
  • 2005
    Zygfryd Blaut, Polish football player (b. 1943)
  • 2007
    Andrew Hill, American jazz composer and pianist (b. 1931)
  • 2007
    Fred Fish, a computer programmer on the GNU Debugger and “Fish disks” (b. 1952)
  • 2007
    Michael Fu Tieshan, Chinese bishop (b. 1931).
  • 2008
    Monica Lovinescu, Romanian essayist, literary critic and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2008
    VL Mike, American rapper (b. 1976)
  • 2009
    Beata Asimakopoulou, Greek actress (b. 1932)
  • 2010
    Dorothy Height, American civil rights activist (b. 1912)
  • 2011
    Chris Hondros, American photographer (b. 1970)
  • 2011
    Tim Hetherington, British-American photojournalist (b. 1970)

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