Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on November 16? There are more than 251 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About November 16

November 16 is the 320th day of the year 2019. There are 45 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday. This day falls under the 46th week of the year 2019.

On this day in Burbank, California 91526 sunrise will occur at 12:26 PM and sunset will occur at 10:49 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Scorpio. The modern birthstone for this month is Topaz while the mystical birthstone is Pearl.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 70 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (January 25, 2020).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the November 18 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For November 16

  • 534
    A second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus is published.
  • 1272
    While travelling during the Ninth Crusade, Prince Edward becomes King of England upon Henry III of England’s death, but he will not return to England for nearly two years to assume the throne.
  • 1491
    An auto-da-fé, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside of Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects.
  • 1532
    Francisco Pizarro and his men capture Inca Emperor Atahualpa.
  • 1776
    American Revolution: the United Provinces (Low Countries) recognize the independence of the United States.
  • 1776
    American Revolutionary War: Hessian mercenaries capture Fort Washington from the Patriots.
  • 1805
    Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Schöngrabern – Russian forces under Pyotr Bagration delay the pursuit by French troops under Murat.
  • 1822
    American Old West: Missouri trader William Becknell arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico over a route that became known as the Santa Fe Trail.
  • 1849
    A Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.
  • 1852
    The English astronomer John Russell Hind discovers the asteroid 22 Kalliope.
  • 1857
    Second relief of Lucknow – twenty-four Victoria Crosses are awarded, the most in a single day.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: Battle of Campbell’s Station near Knoxville, Tennessee – Confederate troops unsuccessfully attack Union forces.
  • 1885
    Canadian rebel leader of the Métis and “Father of Manitoba”, Louis Riel is executed for treason.
  • 1904
    English engineer John Ambrose Fleming receives a patent for the thermionic valve (vacuum tube).
  • 1907
    Cunard Line’s RMS Mauretania, sister ship of RMS Lusitania, sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • 1907
    Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory join to form Oklahoma, that is admitted as the 46th U.S. state.
  • 1914
    The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens.
  • 1938
    LSD is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland.
  • 1940
    Holocaust: in occupied Poland, the Nazis close off the Warsaw Ghetto from the outside world.
  • 1940
    World War II: in response to the leveling of Coventry, England by Nazi Germany’s Luftwaffe two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
  • 1943
    World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
  • 1944
    Dueren, Germany is destroyed by Allied bombers.
  • 1944
    Operation Queen, the costly Allied thrust to the Rur river was launched
  • 1945
    Cold War: Operation Paperclip – the United States Army secretly admits 88 German scientists and engineers to help in the development of rocket technology.
  • 1945
    UNESCO is founded.
  • 1965
    Venera program: the Soviet Union launches the Venera 3 space probe toward Venus, that will be the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet.
  • 1973
    Skylab program: NASA launches Skylab 4 with a crew of three astronauts from Cape Canaveral, Florida for an 84-day mission.
  • 1973
    U.S. President Richard Nixon signs the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act into law, authorizing the construction of the Alaska Pipeline.
  • 1979
    The first line of Bucharest Metro (Line M1) is opened from Timpuri Noi to Semănătoarea in Bucharest, Romania.
  • 1988
    In the first open election in more than a decade, voters in Pakistan elect populist candidate Benazir Bhutto to be Prime Minister of Pakistan.
  • 1988
    The Supreme Soviet of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic declares that Estonia is “sovereign” but stops short of declaring independence.
  • 1989
    A death squad composed of El Salvadoran army troops kills six Jesuit priests and two others at Jose Simeon Canas University.
  • 1992
    The Hoxne Hoard is discovered by metal detectorist Eric Lawes in Hoxne, Suffolk.
  • 1997
    After nearly 18 years of incarceration, the People’s Republic of China releases Wei Jingsheng, a pro-democracy dissident, from jail for medical reasons.
  • 2000
    Bill Clinton becomes the first U.S. President to visit Vietnam since the end of the Vietnam War.

Who Were Born On November 16?

  • 42 BC
    Tiberius, Roman emperor (d. 37)
  • 1436
    Leonardo Loredan, Doge of the Republic of Venice (d. 1521)
  • 1603
    Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior (d. 1673)
  • 1643
    Jean Chardin, French explorer (d. 1703)
  • 1717
    Jean le Rond d'Alembert, French mathematician (d. 1793)
  • 1720
    Carlo Antonio Campioni, Italian composer (d. 1788)
  • 1753
    James McHenry, American statesman (d. 1816)
  • 1758
    Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (d. 1841)
  • 1766
    Rodolphe Kreutzer, French violinist (d. 1831)
  • 1811
    John Bright, British politician (d. 1889)
  • 1836
    King Kalākaua, of Hawaiʻi (d. 1891)
  • 1839
    Louis-Honoré Fréchette, French Canadian poet (d. 1908)
  • 1841
    Jules Violle, French physicist (d. 1923)
  • 1847
    Edmund James Flynn, Canadian politician (d. 1927)
  • 1851
    Minnie Hauk, American soprano (d. 1929)
  • 1862
    Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (d. 1944)
  • 1873
    W. C. Handy, American composer (d. 1958)
  • 1880
    Alexander Blok, Russian poet (d. 1921)
  • 1885
    Monsignor Sir Mikiel Gonzi, Maltese archbishop (d. 1984)
  • 1888
    Luis Cluzeau Mortet, Uruguayan composer and pianist (d. 1957)
  • 1889
    Dietrich Kraiß, German Nazi officer (d. 1944)
  • 1889
    George S. Kaufman, American playwright (d. 1961)
  • 1890
    Elpidio Quirino, 6th President of the Philippines (d. 1956)
  • 1892
    Guo Moruo, Chinese writer (d. 1978)
  • 1892
    Tazio Nuvolari, Italian racing driver (d. 1953)
  • 1895
    Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1895
    Paul Hindemith, German composer (d. 1963)
  • 1896
    Joan Lindsay, Australian novelist (d. 1984)
  • 1896
    Lawrence Tibbett, American baritone (d. 1960)
  • 1896
    Oswald Mosley, British politician and founder of the British Union of Fascists (d. 1980)
  • 1896
    Pavel Sergeevich Alexandrov, Russian mathematician (d. 1982)
  • 1897
    Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (d. 1951)
  • 1899
    Mary Margaret McBride, American radio interview host (d. 1976)
  • 1904
    Nnamdi Azikiwe, 1st President of Nigeria (d. 1996)
  • 1905
    Eddie Condon, American jazz banjoist and guitarist (d. 1973)
  • 1907
    Burgess Meredith, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1909
    Mirza Nasir Ahmad, 3rd Caliph of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and 3rd successor of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (d. 1982)
  • 1914
    Eddie Chapman, British World War II spy and double agent, aka Agent Zigzag (d. 1997)
  • 1915
    Alphonse “Bois Sec” Ardoin, Cajun accordionist (d. 2007)
  • 1916
    Al Lucas, Canadian jazz double-bassist (d. 1983)
  • 1916
    Daws Butler, American voice actor (d. 1988)
  • 1922
    Gene Amdahl, American computer scientist
  • 1922
    José Saramago, Portuguese novelist, Nobel laureate (d. 2010)
  • 1924
    Mel Patton, American sprinter
  • 1927
    Dolo Coker, jazz pianist and composer (d. 1983)
  • 1928
    Clu Gulager, American actor
  • 1930
    Chinua Achebe, Nigerian novelist, poet and academic
  • 1930
    Paul Foytack, American baseball player
  • 1930
    Salvatore Riina, Italian Mafia leader
  • 1931
    Hubert Sumlin, American blues guitarist (Howlin' Wolf’s band)
  • 1931
    Luciano Bottaro, Italian comic book artist (d. 2006)
  • 1933
    Garnet Mimms, American singer
  • 1935
    Elizabeth Drew, American journalist and author
  • 1935
    Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, Iraqi-born Lebanese Shiite Muslim cleric and Hezbollah mentor (d. 2010)
  • 1936
    John Moore, Australian politician
  • 1938
    Robert Nozick, American philosopher (d. 2002)
  • 1940
    Donna McKechnie, American actress and dancer
  • 1941
    Dan Penn, American singer-songwriter
  • 1941
    Gerry Marshall, British race car driver (d. 2005)
  • 1942
    Joanna Pettet, English actress
  • 1942
    Willie Carson, Scottish jockey
  • 1944
    Oliver Braddick, British psychologist
  • 1946
    Jo Jo White, American basketball player
  • 1946
    Terence McKenna, American writer and public speaker (d. 2000)
  • 1947
    Ebby Thust, German boxing promoter and writer
  • 1948
    Bonnie Greer, American playwright and critic
  • 1948
    Chi Coltrane, American rock-pop-jazz songwriter, pianist, and singer
  • 1948
    Horst Bertram, German footballer
  • 1949
    Arrow, Montserratian soca musician (d. 2010)
  • 1950
    David Leisure, American actor
  • 1950
    John Swartzwelder, American television writer and novelist
  • 1951
    Miguel Sandoval, American actor
  • 1952
    Piero Falchetta, Italian archivist in Biblioteca Marciana, essayist and translator
  • 1952
    Robin McKinley, American novelist
  • 1952
    Shigeru Miyamoto, Japanese video game designer
  • 1953
    Griff Rhys Jones, Welsh comedian, writer and actor
  • 1954
    Andrea Barrett, American novelist
  • 1954
    Arrow, calypso and soca musician, born Alphonsus Cassell
  • 1954
    Bruce Edwards, American golf caddy (d. 2004)
  • 1954
    Dick Gross, Australian politician
  • 1954
    Luis Conte, Cuban percussionist
  • 1955
    Pierre Larouche, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1956
    Terry Labonte, American NASCAR driver
  • 1957
    Jacques Gamblin, French actor
  • 1958
    Boris Krivokapić, Serbian academic
  • 1958
    Marg Helgenberger, American actress
  • 1961
    Corinne Hermès, French singer
  • 1961
    Frank Bruno, British boxer
  • 1962
    Gary Mounfield, English bassist (The Stone Roses, Primal Scream)
  • 1962
    Josh Silver, American keyboardist (Type O Negative)
  • 1963
    Meenakshi Seshadri, Indian actress
  • 1963
    Steve Arguelles, British jazz drummer
  • 1964
    Diana Krall, Canadian jazz pianist and singer
  • 1964
    Dwight Gooden, American baseball player
  • 1964
    Harry J. Lennix, American actor
  • 1964
    Maeve Quinlan, American actress
  • 1964
    Valeria Bruni Tedeschi, Italian actress
  • 1965
    Mark Benton, English actor
  • 1965
    Mika Aaltonen, Finnish footballer
  • 1966
    Christian Lorenz, German keyboardist (Rammstein)
  • 1966
    Dave Kushner, American guitarist (Velvet Revolver)
  • 1966
    Dean McDermott, Canadian actor
  • 1966
    Tahir Shah, British travel writer and explorer
  • 1967
    Craig Arnold, American poet
  • 1967
    Lisa Bonet, American actress
  • 1968
    Melvin Stewart, American swimmer
  • 1968
    Vlado Šola, Croatian handball goalkeeper
  • 1970
    Logan Mader, American guitarist (Machine Head)
  • 1970
    Martha Plimpton, American actress
  • 1971
    Alexander Popov, Russian swimmer
  • 1971
    Koshi Rikdo, Japanese manga artist
  • 1971
    Mustapha Hadji, Moroccan footballer
  • 1971
    Waqar Younis, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1972
    Missi Pyle, American actress
  • 1973
    Brendan Laney, Scottish rugby player
  • 1973
    Christian Horner, British Formula One team owner
  • 1974
    Eric Judy, American bassist (Modest Mouse)
  • 1974
    Maurizio Margaglio, Italian ice dancer
  • 1974
    Paul Scholes, British footballer
  • 1975
    Julio Lugo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976
    Danny Wallace, British author
  • 1976
    Juha Pasoja, Finnish footballer
  • 1976
    Mario Barravecchia, Belgian singer
  • 1976
    Martijn Zuijdweg, Dutch swimmer
  • 1977
    Maggie Gyllenhaal, American actress
  • 1977
    Mauricio Ochmann, Mexican actor
  • 1977
    Oksana Baiul, Ukrainian figure skater
  • 1978
    Carolina Parra, Brazilian guitarist and drummer (CSS)
  • 1978
    Gary Naysmith, Scottish footballer
  • 1978
    Kip Bouknight, American baseball player
  • 1979
    Bruce Irons, American surfer
  • 1979
    Tony Frias, American footballer
  • 1980
    Carol Huynh, Canadian freestyle wrestler
  • 1980
    Kayte Christensen, American basketball player
  • 1980
    Nicole Gius, Italian alpine skier
  • 1981
    Allison Crowe, Canadian singer, songwriter, pianist and guitarist
  • 1981
    Caitlin Glass, American voice actress
  • 1981
    Kate Miller-Heidke, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1981
    Osi Umenyiora, English-born American football player
  • 1982
    Amar'e Stoudemire, American basketball player
  • 1982
    Jannie du Plessis, South African rugby player
  • 1982
    Ronald Pognon, French sprinter
  • 1983
    Britta Steffen, German swimmer
  • 1983
    Chris Gocong, American football player
  • 1983
    K, South Korean-born Japanese singer
  • 1983
    Kari Lehtonen, Finnish ice hockey goaltender
  • 1984
    Kimberly J. Brown, American actress
  • 1986
    Saeko, Japanese actress
  • 1995
    Noah Gray-Cabey, American actor

Who Died On November 16?

  • 1093
    Saint Margaret of Scotland, Hungarian-born queen-consort of King Malcolm III of Scotland (b. c. 1045)
  • 1240
    Saint Edmund Rich, English Archbishop of Canterbury (b. c. 1175)
  • 1272
    King Henry III of England (b. 1207)
  • 1328
    Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (b. 1276)
  • 1613
    Trajano Boccalini, Italian satirist (b. 1556)
  • 1628
    Paolo Quagliati, Italian composer (b. c. 1555)
  • 1632
    King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (b. 1594)
  • 1695
    Pierre Nicole, French philosopher (b. 1625)
  • 1724
    Jack Sheppard, English burglar (b. 1702)
  • 1745
    James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier (b. 1665)
  • 1773
    John Hawkesworth, English writer
  • 1779
    Pehr Kalm, Finnish explorer and naturalist (b. 1716)
  • 1790
    Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1797
    King Frederick William II of Prussia (b. 1744)
  • 1802
    André Michaux, French botanist (b. 1746)
  • 1806
    Moses Cleaveland, American lawyer and surveyor; namesake of Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1754)
  • 1836
    Christian Hendrik Persoon, Dutch mycologist (b. 1761)
  • 1878
    Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine (b. 1874)
  • 1884
    František Chvostek, Moravian physician (b. 1835)
  • 1885
    Louis Riel, Canadian politician (b. 1844)
  • 1907
    Robert I, Duke of Parma (b. 1848)
  • 1908
    Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French-born Canadian politician (b. 1829)
  • 1911
    A. A. Ames, American politician (b. 1842)
  • 1922
    Max Abraham, German physicist (b. 1875)
  • 1939
    Pierce Butler, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1866)
  • 1950
    Bob Smith, American physician and temperance activist (b. 1879)
  • 1956
    Ōtori Tanigorō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 24th Yokozuna (b. 1887)
  • 1960
    Clark Gable, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1961
    Sam Rayburn, American politician (b. 1882)
  • 1971
    Edie Sedgwick, American socialite and heiress (b. 1940)
  • 1972
    Vera Karalli, Russian ballerina and actress (b. 1889)
  • 1973
    Alan Watts, English writer and philosopher (b. 1915)
  • 1974
    Walther Meissner, German technical physicist (b. 1882)
  • 1980
    Jayan, Indian actor (b.1938)
  • 1982
    Arthur Askey, British comedian (b. 1900)
  • 1982
    Lenny Murphy, Northern Irish loyalist figure (b. 1952)
  • 1984
    Vic Dickenson, American trombonist (b. 1906)
  • 1986
    Siobhán McKenna, Irish stage and screen actress (b. 1923)
  • 1987
    Jim Brewer, American baseball player (b. 1937)
  • 1987
    Zubir Said, Singaporean composer (b. 1907)
  • 1989
    Jean-Claude Malépart, Quebec politician (b. 1938)
  • 1993
    Achille Zavatta, Tunisia-born French clown (b. 1915)
  • 1993
    Lucia Popp, Slovakian soprano (b. 1939)
  • 1994
    Chet Powers, American musician (Quicksilver Messenger Service) (b. 1943)
  • 1994
    Doris Speed, British actress (b. 1899)
  • 1995
    Jack Finney, American writer (b. 1911)
  • 1999
    Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1928)
  • 2000
    Ahmet Kaya, Turkish singer and composer (b. 1957)
  • 2000
    DJ Screw, American hiphop DJ (b. 1971)
  • 2000
    Joe C., American rapper (b. 1974)
  • 2001
    Tommy Flanagan, American jazz pianist (b. 1930)
  • 2003
    Bettina Goislard, French relief worker (b. 1974)
  • 2004
    Margaret Hassan, Irish aid worker (b. 1945)
  • 2005
    Donald Watson, English vegan advocate (b. 1910)
  • 2005
    Henry Taube, Canadian-born American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1915)
  • 2005
    Robert Tisch, American football team owner (b. 1926)
  • 2006
    Milton Friedman, American economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 2006
    Yuri Levada, Russian sociologist (b. 1930)
  • 2007
    Grethe Kausland, Norwegian actress and singer (b. 1947)
  • 2007
    Harold Alfond, American businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2007
    Trond Kirkvaag, Norwegian comedian and author (b. 1946)
  • 2008
    Reg Varney, British actor (b. 1916)
  • 2009
    Antonio de Nigris, Mexican footballer (b. 1978)
  • 2009
    Edward Woodward, British actor (b. 1930)
  • 2010
    Britton Chance, American molecular biologist and yachtsman (b. 1913)
  • 2010
    Donald Nyrop, American airline executive (b. 1912)
  • 2010
    Ronni Chasen, American film publicist (b. 1946)
  • 2010
    Wyngard Tracy, Filipino talent manager (b. 1952)

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