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Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on July 19? There are more than 256 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 19

July 19 is the 200th day of the year 2018. There are 165 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Thursday. This day falls under the 29th week of the year 2018.

On this day in Berkeley, California 94707 sunrise will occur at 11:02 AM and sunset will occur at 01:28 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Cancer. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 201 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 5, 2019).

Birthday curiousity Is July 19 your birthday? Are you not curious to find some fun facts about your birthday? Find out ‘what my birthday mean’ and what was the number one song on my day of birth. Get a free ninja poster! (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For July 19

  • 64
    Great Fire of Rome: a fire begins to burn in the merchant area of Rome and soon burns completely out of control. According to a popular, but untrue legend, Nero fiddled as the city burned.
  • 711
    Umayyad conquest of Hispania: Battle of Guadalete – Umayyad forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by King Roderic.
  • 1333
    Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Halidon Hill – The English win a decisive victory over the Scots.
  • 1544
    Italian War of 1542: the first Siege of Boulogne begins.
  • 1545
    The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth; in 1982 the wreck is salvaged in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology.
  • 1553
    Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after only nine days of reign.
  • 1588
    Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines – The Spanish Armada is sighted in the English Channel.
  • 1701
    Representatives of the Iroquois Confederacy sign the Nanfan Treaty, ceding a large territory north of the Ohio River to England.
  • 1702
    Great Northern War: A numerically superior Polish-Saxon army of Augustus II the Strong, operating from an advantageous defensive position, is defeated by a Swedish army half its size under the command of King Charles XII in the Battle of Klissow.
  • 1832
    The British Medical Association is founded as the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association by Sir Charles Hastings at a meeting in the Board Room of the Worcester Infirmary.
  • 1843
    Brunel’s steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and also becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world.
  • 1848
    Women’s rights: a two-day Women’s Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York; there the “Bloomers” are introduced.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: Morgan’s Raid – At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan’s raid into the north is mostly thwarted when a large group of his men are captured while trying to escape across the Ohio River.
  • 1864
    Taiping Rebellion: Third Battle of Nanking – The Qing Dynasty finally defeats the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.
  • 1870
    Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.
  • 1900
    The first line of the Paris Métro opens for operation.
  • 1908
    Dutch football club Feyenoord was founded
  • 1916
    World War I: Battle of Fromelles – British and Australian troops attack German trenches in a prelude to the Battle of the Somme.
  • 1919
    Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen riot and burn down Luton Town Hall.
  • 1940
    World War II: Army order 112 forms the Intelligence Corps of the British Army.
  • 1940
    World War II: Battle of Cape Spada – The Royal Navy and the Regia Marina clash; the Italian light cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni sinks, with 121 casualties.
  • 1942
    World War II: Battle of the Atlantic – German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their United States Atlantic coast positions in response to the effective American convoy system.
  • 1947
    Korean politician Yuh Woon-Hyung is assassinated.
  • 1947
    The Prime Minister of the shadow Burmese government, Bogyoke Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members are assassinated by Galon U Saw.
  • 1961
    Tunisia imposes a blockade on the French naval base at Bizerte; the French would capture the entire town four days later.
  • 1963
    Joe Walker flies a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 metres (347,800 feet) on X-15 Flight 90. Exceeding an altitude of 100 km, this flight qualifies as a human spaceflight under international convention.
  • 1964
    Vietnam War: at a rally in Saigon, South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Khanh calls for expanding the war into North Vietnam.
  • 1972
    Dhofar Rebellion: British SAS units help the Omani government against Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman rebels in the Battle of Mirbat.
  • 1976
    Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created.
  • 1979
    The Sandinista rebels overthrow the government of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.
  • 1981
    In a private meeting with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, French Prime Minister François Mitterrand reveals the existence of the Farewell Dossier, a collection of documents showing that the Soviets had been stealing American technological research and development.
  • 1983
    The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published.
  • 1985
    The Val di Stava dam collapses killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.
  • 1989
    United Airlines flight 232 crashes in Sioux City, Iowa killing 112 of the 296 passengers.
  • 1992
    Anti-Mafia Judge Paolo Borsellino is killed by a Mafia car bomb in Palermo, Italy together with five police officers.
  • 1997
    The Troubles: The Provisional Irish Republican Army resumes a ceasefire to end their 25-year campaign to end British rule in Northern Ireland.

Who Were Born On July 19?

  • 1670
    Richard Leveridge, English bass and composer (d. 1758)
  • 1688
    Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian missionary to China (d. 1766)
  • 1744
    Heinrich Christian Boie, German author (d. 1806)
  • 1759
    Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox Saint (d. 1833)
  • 1771
    Thomas Talbot, Irish-born Canadian administrator (d. 1853)
  • 1789
    John Martin, English painter (d. 1854)
  • 1800
    Juan José Flores, Venezuelan military commander and Ecuadorian politician (d. 1864)
  • 1814
    Samuel Colt, American firearms inventor (d. 1862)
  • 1819
    Gottfried Keller, Swiss writer (d. 1890)
  • 1822
    Princess Augusta of Cambridge, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1916)
  • 1827
    Mangal Pandey, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1857)
  • 1834
    Edgar Degas, French painter (d. 1917)
  • 1849
    Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic (d. 1906)
  • 1860
    Lizzie Borden, American accused murderer (d. 1927)
  • 1865
    Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon and founder of the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)
  • 1868
    Florence Foster Jenkins, American opera singer (d. 1945)
  • 1876
    John Gunn, England cricketer (d. 1963)
  • 1876
    Joseph Fielding Smith, American religious figure (d. 1972)
  • 1877
    Arthur Fielder, English cricketer (d. 1949)
  • 1883
    Max Fleischer, Austrian-born American animator and film producer (d. 1972)
  • 1886
    Michael Fekete, Hungarian-born Israeli mathematician (d. 1957)
  • 1888
    Enno Lolling, German physician (d. 1945)
  • 1892
    Dick Irvin, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1957)
  • 1893
    Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (d. 1930)
  • 1894
    Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician (d. 1959)
  • 1894
    Khawaja Nazimuddin, Bengali politician (d. 1965)
  • 1895
    Xu Beihong, Chinese painter (d. 1953)
  • 1896
    A. J. Cronin, Scottish writer (d. 1981)
  • 1896
    Bob Meusel, American baseball player (d. 1977)
  • 1898
    Herbert Marcuse, German-born philosopher (d. 1979)
  • 1904
    Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, American lawyer; last direct descendant of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1985)
  • 1907
    Isabel Jewell, American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1912
    Norman Carr, British conservationist (d. 1997)
  • 1914
    Marius Russo, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1916
    Eve Merriam, American poet and playwright (d. 1992)
  • 1916
    Phil Cavarretta, American baseball player (d. 2010)
  • 1917
    William Scranton, American politician
  • 1919
    Dallas McKennon, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1919
    Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet (d. 2005)
  • 1919
    Patricia Medina, English-born actress
  • 1920
    Robert Mann, composer/violinist with Juilliard String Quartet
  • 1921
    Harold Camping, American evangelist
  • 1921
    Rosalyn Yalow, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2011)
  • 1922
    George McGovern, American politician
  • 1923
    William A. Rusher, American newspaper columnist (d. 2011)
  • 1924
    Arthur Rankin, Jr., American writer, producer and director
  • 1924
    Pat Hingle, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1924
    Stanley K. Hathaway, American politician (d. 2005)
  • 1925
    Sue Thompson, American pop and country music singer
  • 1926
    Helen Gallagher, American actress
  • 1932
    Buster Benton, blues singer & guitarist
  • 1932
    Jan Lindblad, Swedish naturalist, writer and photographer (d. 1987)
  • 1934
    Francisco Sá Carneiro, Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1980)
  • 1935
    Vasily Livanov, Russian and Soviet film actor
  • 1937
    George Hamilton IV, American country singer
  • 1938
    Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist
  • 1938
    Nicholas Bethell, British historian (d. 2007)
  • 1938
    Richard Jordan, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1940
    Dennis Cole, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1941
    Neelie Kroes, Dutch European Union executive
  • 1941
    Vikki Carr, American singer
  • 1943
    Han Sai Por, Singaporean sculptor
  • 1944
    Tim McIntire, American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1945
    George Dzundza, American actor
  • 1946
    Alan Gorrie, Scottish musician (Average White Band)
  • 1946
    Ilie Năstase, Romanian tennis player
  • 1947
    Bernie Leadon, The Eagles guitarist
  • 1947
    Brian May, English guitarist (Queen)
  • 1947
    Hans-Jürgen Kreische, East German footballer
  • 1948
    Beverly Archer, American actress
  • 1948
    Keith Godchaux, American keyboardist (Grateful Dead) (d. 1980)
  • 1949
    Ivar Kants, Australian actor
  • 1950
    Freddy Moore, American songwriter
  • 1950
    Per-Kristian Foss, Norwegian politician
  • 1951
    Abel Ferrara, American filmmaker
  • 1951
    Jayson Stark, American sportswriter
  • 1951
    Reza Kianian, Iranian actor
  • 1952
    Allen Collins, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1990)
  • 1952
    John Griesheimer, American politician
  • 1952
    Robert A. Ficano, American politician
  • 1954
    Alvan Adams, American basketball player
  • 1954
    Srđa Trifković, Serbian-born American journalist
  • 1955
    Roger Binny, Indian cricketer
  • 1956
    Joe Mohen, American internet entrepreneur
  • 1956
    Nikki Sudden, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1956
    Yoshiaki Yatsu, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1958
    David Robertson, American symphony orchestra conductor
  • 1958
    Robert Gibson, American professional wrestler
  • 1959
    Juan Jose Campanella, Argentinian filmmaker
  • 1960
    Atom Egoyan, Canadian filmmaker
  • 1960
    Kevin Haskins, British drummer
  • 1961
    Benoît Mariage, Belgian film director
  • 1961
    Campbell Scott, American actor
  • 1961
    Hideo Nakata, Japanese film director
  • 1961
    Lisa Lampanelli, American comedian
  • 1961
    Maria Filatova, Soviet gymnast
  • 1962
    Anthony Edwards, American actor
  • 1962
    Aya Kitō, Japanese writer (d. 1988)
  • 1963
    Garth Nix, Australian fantasy writer
  • 1964
    André A. Jackson, French-born American diamond executive
  • 1964
    Masahiko Kondo, Japanese singer, actor and racing driver
  • 1965
    Claus-Dieter Wollitz, German footballer
  • 1965
    Evelyn Glennie, Scottish percussionist
  • 1965
    Stuart Scott, American sportscaster
  • 1966
    David Segui, American baseball player
  • 1966
    Nancy Walls, American actress
  • 1967
    Muriel Degauque, Belgian terrorist (d. 2005)
  • 1967
    Stuart Howe, Canadian operatic tenor
  • 1967
    Yael Abecassis, Israeli actress and model
  • 1968
    Jim Norton, American radio personality (The Opie and Anthony Show)
  • 1968
    Robert Flynn, American vocalist and guitarist (Machine Head)
  • 1969
    Matthew Libatique, American cinematographer
  • 1970
    Bill Chen, American quantitative analyst
  • 1971
    Michael Modest, American professional wrestler
  • 1971
    Russell Allen, American vocalist (Symphony X)
  • 1971
    Urs Bühler, Swiss tenor (Il Divo)
  • 1971
    Vitali Klitschko, Ukrainian boxer
  • 1972
    Ebbe Sand, Danish footballer
  • 1972
    Naohito Fujiki, Japanese actor and singer
  • 1973
    Laurits Munch-Petersen, Danish film director
  • 1973
    Martin Powell, English violinist and keyboardist (Cradle of Filth, My Dying Bride)
  • 1973
    Saïd Taghmaoui, French actor
  • 1973
    Scott Walker, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974
    Malcolm O'Kelly, Irish rugby union footballer
  • 1974
    Preston Wilson, American baseball player
  • 1974
    Rey Bucanero, Mexican professional wrestler
  • 1975
    Luca Castellazzi, Italian footballer
  • 1976
    Benedict Cumberbatch, British actor
  • 1976
    Gonzalo de los Santos, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1976
    Vinessa Shaw, American actress
  • 1977
    Ed Smith, English cricketer
  • 1977
    Haitham Mustafa, Sudanese footballer
  • 1977
    Jean-Sébastien Aubin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977
    Tony Mamaluke, American professional wrestler
  • 1979
    Dilhara Fernando, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1979
    Luke Young, English footballer
  • 1979
    Michelle Heaton, British pop singer
  • 1979
    Rick Ankiel, American baseball player
  • 1980
    Giorgio Mondini, Italian racing driver
  • 1980
    Mark Webber, American actor
  • 1980
    Xavier Malisse, Belgian tennis player
  • 1981
    David Bernard, Jamaican West Indies cricketer
  • 1981
    Didz Hammond, English bass guitarist (Dirty Pretty Things, The Cooper Temple Clause)
  • 1981
    Jimmy Gobble, American baseball player
  • 1981
    Nenê, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981
    Nikki Osborne, Australian actress
  • 1982
    Christopher Bear, American drummer (Grizzly Bear)
  • 1982
    Jared Padalecki, American actor
  • 1982
    Jess Vanstrattan, Australian footballer
  • 1982
    Stuart Parnaby, English footballer
  • 1983
    Helen Skelton, British TV presenter
  • 1984
    Adam Morrison, American basketball player
  • 1984
    Alessandra De Rossi, Filipino actress
  • 1984
    Andrea Libman, Canadian actress and voice actress
  • 1984
    Diana Mocanu, Romanian swimmer
  • 1984
    Lasse Gjertsen, Norwegian animator
  • 1984
    Lewis Price, Welsh footballer
  • 1984
    Ryan O'Byrne, Canadian hockey player
  • 1985
    LaMarcus Aldridge, American basketball player
  • 1986
    Leandro Greco, Italian footballer
  • 1987
    Jon Jones, American mixed martial artist
  • 1987
    Marc Murphy, Australian rules footballer
  • 1988
    Shane Dawson, American YouTube comedian
  • 1992
    Jake Nicholson, English footballer

Who Died On July 19?

  • 514
    Pope Symmachus
  • 931
    Uda of Japan (b. 867)
  • 1374
    Francesco Petrarch, Italian poet (b. 1304)
  • 1415
    Philippa of Lancaster (b. 1359)
  • 1543
    Mary Boleyn, sister of Anne Boleyn (b. c. 1499)
  • 1631
    Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher (b. 1550)
  • 1687
    Laura Martinozzi, Duchess of Modena (b. 1637)
  • 1692
    Sarah Good, American Salem witch trials figure (b. 1653)
  • 1692
    Susannah Martin, American Salem witch trials figure (b. 1621)
  • 1742
    William Somervile, English poet (b. 1675)
  • 1810
    Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Prussia (b. 1776)
  • 1814
    Matthew Flinders, English explorer (b. 1774)
  • 1838
    Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (b. 1785)
  • 1850
    Margaret Fuller, American writer (b. 1810)
  • 1857
    Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1796)
  • 1868
    Soji Okita, Japanese samurai
  • 1896
    Abraham H. Cannon, American religious figure (b. 1859)
  • 1913
    Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia (b. 1852)
  • 1939
    Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (b. 1850)
  • 1943
    Yekaterina Budanova, Soviet female pilot (b. 1916)
  • 1947
    Aung San, Burmese nationalist (b. 1915)
  • 1947
    U Razak, Burmese politician (b. 1898)
  • 1947
    Yuh Woon-Hyung, Korean politician (b. 1886)
  • 1965
    Syngman Rhee, first President of South Korea (b. 1875)
  • 1969
    Stratis Myrivilis, Greek writer (b. 1890)
  • 1974
    Erno Schwarz, Hungarian-American soccer player (b. 1904)
  • 1974
    Joe Flynn, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1975
    Lefty Frizzell, American country music singer and songwriter (b. 1928)
  • 1980
    Hans Morgenthau, German political philosopher (b. 1904)
  • 1980
    Nihat Erim, Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1912)
  • 1981
    Roger Doucet, French Canadian tenor (b. 1919)
  • 1982
    Hugh Everett, American physicist (b. 1930)
  • 1982
    John Harvey, English stage and film actor (b. 1911)
  • 1984
    Faina Ranevskaya, Russian actress (b. 1896)
  • 1985
    Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish writer (b. 1938)
  • 1989
    Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish politician (b. 1913)
  • 1990
    Eddie Quillan, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1992
    Paolo Borsellino, Italian magistrate (b. 1940)
  • 1998
    Elmer Valo, Slovak-American baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 2002
    Alan Lomax, American folksong collector (b. 1915)
  • 2002
    Dave Carter, American folksinger (b. 1952)
  • 2003
    Bill Bright, American evangelist (b. 1921)
  • 2003
    Pierre Graber, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1908)
  • 2004
    Francis A. Marzen, American Catholic prelate (b. 1924)
  • 2004
    Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1911)
  • 2005
    Edward Bunker, American writer (b. 1933)
  • 2005
    John Tyndall, British politician (b. 1934)
  • 2006
    Jack Warden, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2007
    A. K. Faezul Huq, Bangladeshi lawyer, politician, and freelance journalist (b. 1945)
  • 2007
    Roberto Fontanarrosa, Argentine cartoonist (b. 1944)
  • 2008
    Anastasia Blue, American porn actress (b. 1980)
  • 2008
    Dercy Gonçalves, Brazilian comedienne (b. 1907)
  • 2009
    Frank McCourt, Irish-American writer (b. 1930)
  • 2009
    Henry Surtees, British racing driver (b. 1991)
  • 2010
    Lorenzen Wright, American basketball player (b. 1975)
  • 2010
    Sokratis Giolias, Greek investigative journalist and broadcaster (b. 1973)


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