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Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on January 19? There are more than 301 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About January 19

January 19 is the 19th day of the year 2019. There are 346 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday. This day falls under the 3rd week of the year 2019.

On this day in Ireland, West Virginia 26376 sunrise will occur at 01:36 PM and sunset will occur at 11:28 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Capricorn. The modern birthstone for this month is Garnet while the mystical birthstone is Emerald.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 17 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 5, 2019).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the January 21 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For January 19

  • 379
    Emperor Gratian elevates Flavius Theodosius at Sirmium to Augustus, and gives him power over all the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire.
  • 1419
    Hundred Years’ War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy.
  • 1511
    Mirandola surrenders to the French.
  • 1520
    Sten Sture the Younger, the Regent of Sweden, is mortally wounded at the Battle of Bogesund.
  • 1607
    San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed; it is the oldest church still standing in the Philippines.
  • 1661
    Thomas Venner is hanged, drawn and quartered in London.
  • 1764
    John Wilkes is expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel.
  • 1788
    The second group of ships of the First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay.
  • 1795
    The Batavian Republic is proclaimed in the Netherlands bringing to an end the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
  • 1806
    The United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope.
  • 1812
    Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.
  • 1817
    An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, crosses the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.
  • 1829
    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Faust Part 1 receives its premiere performance.
  • 1839
    The British East India Company captures Aden.
  • 1840
    Captain Charles Wilkes circumnavigates Antarctica, claiming what became known as Wilkes Land for the United States.
  • 1853
    Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Il Trovatore receives its premiere performance in Rome.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: Georgia joins South Carolina, Florida, Mississippi, and Alabama in seceding from the United States.
  • 1862
    American Civil War: Battle of Mill Springs – The Confederacy suffers its first significant defeat in the conflict.
  • 1871
    Franco-Prussian War: In the Siege of Paris, Prussia wins the Battle of St. Quentin. Meanwhile, the French attempt to break the siege in the Battle of Buzenval will end unsuccessfully the following day.
  • 1883
    The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.
  • 1893
    Henrik Ibsen’s play The Master Builder receives its premiere performance in Berlin.
  • 1899
    Anglo-Egyptian Sudan is formed.
  • 1915
    Georges Claude patents the neon discharge tube for use in advertising.
  • 1915
    World War I: German zeppelins bomb the towns of Great Yarmouth and King’s Lynn in the United Kingdom killing more than 20, in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target.
  • 1917
    Silvertown explosion: 73 are killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London.
  • 1920
    The United States Senate votes against joining the League of Nations.
  • 1935
    Coopers Inc. sells the world’s first briefs.
  • 1937
    Howard Hughes sets a new air record by flying from Los Angeles, California to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds.
  • 1942
    World War II: Japanese forces invade Burma
  • 1945
    World War II: Soviet forces liberate the Łódź ghetto. Out more than 200,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived the Nazi occupation.
  • 1946
    General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.
  • 1949
    Cuba recognizes Israel.
  • 1953
    68% of all television sets in the United States are tuned in to I Love Lucy to watch Lucy give birth.
  • 1960
    Japan and the United States sign the US-Japan Mutual Security Treaty
  • 1969
    Student Jan Palach dies after setting himself on fire 3 days earlier in Prague’s Wenceslas Square to protest the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union in 1968. His funeral turned into another major protest.
  • 1975
    An earthquake strikes Himachal Pradesh, India
  • 1977
    President Gerald Ford pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino (a.k.a. “Tokyo Rose”).
  • 1977
    Snow falls in Miami, Florida. This is the only time in the history of the city that snow has fallen. It also fell in the Bahamas.
  • 1978
    The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany leaves VW’s plant in Emden. Beetle production in Latin America would continue until 2003.
  • 1981
    Iran Hostage Crisis: United States and Iranian officials sign an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.
  • 1983
    Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia.
  • 1983
    The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, is announced.
  • 1986
    The first computer virus released into the wild is a boot sector virus dubbed (c)Brain, created by the Farooq Alvi Brothers in Lahore, Pakistan, reportedly to deter piracy of the software they had written.
  • 1991
    Gulf War: Iraq fires a second Scud missile into Israel, causing 15 injuries.
  • 1993
    Czech Republic and Slovakia join the United Nations.
  • 1996
    The barge North Cape oil spill occurs as an engine fire forces the tugboat Scandia ashore on Moonstone Beach in South Kingstown, Rhode Island.
  • 1997
    Yasser Arafat returns to Hebron after more than 30 years and joins celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city.
  • 1999
    British Aerospace agrees to acquire the defence subsidiary of the General Electric Company plc, forming BAE Systems in November 1999.
  • 2006
    A Slovak Air Force Antonov An-24 crashes in Hungary.
  • 2006
    The New Horizons probe is launched by NASA on the first mission to Pluto.
  • 2007
    Turkish Journalist Hrant Dink is assassinated in front of his newspaper’s office by 17 year old Turkish ultranationalist Ogün Samast.

Who Were Born On January 19?

  • 399
    Pulcheria, Byzantine empress (d. 453)
  • 1544
    King Francis II of France (d. 1560)
  • 1736
    James Watt, Scottish inventor (d. 1819)
  • 1739
    Joseph Bonomi the Elder, Italian architect (d. 1808)
  • 1752
    James Morris III, American army officer (d. 1820)
  • 1757
    Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, German Princess (d. 1831)
  • 1798
    Auguste Comte, French philosopher (d. 1857)
  • 1807
    Robert E. Lee, American Confederate general (d. 1870)
  • 1808
    Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (d. 1887)
  • 1809
    Edgar Allan Poe, American writer and poet (d. 1849)
  • 1813
    Sir Henry Bessemer, English inventor (d. 1898)
  • 1832
    Ferdinand Laub, Czech violinist (d. 1875)
  • 1833
    Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (d. 1872)
  • 1839
    Paul Cézanne, French painter (d. 1906)
  • 1848
    John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman (d. 1904)
  • 1848
    Matthew Webb, English swimmer/diver (d. 1883)
  • 1851
    Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (d. 1922)
  • 1863
    Werner Sombart, German sociologist (d. 1941)
  • 1871
    Dame Gruev, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1906)
  • 1874
    Hitachiyama Taniemon, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 19th Yokozuna (d. 1922)
  • 1876
    Dragotin Kette, Slovenian poet (d. 1899)
  • 1876
    Wakashima Gonshirō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 21st Yokozuna (d. 1943)
  • 1878
    Herbert Chapman, English football player and manager (d. 1934)
  • 1879
    Boris Savinkov, Russian writer (d. 1925)
  • 1887
    Alexander Woollcott, American intellectual (d. 1943)
  • 1889
    Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Swiss painter and sculptor (d. 1943)
  • 1892
    Ólafur Thors, Icelandic politician (d. 1964)
  • 1893
    Magda Tagliaferro, Brazilian classical pianist (d. 1986)
  • 1905
    Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator (d. 1991)
  • 1908
    Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, Russian mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1909
    Hans Hotter, German bass-baritone (d. 2003)
  • 1911
    Choor Singh, Singaporean judge (d. 2009)
  • 1912
    Leonid Kantorovich, Russian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1913
    Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (d. 1955)
  • 1914
    Bob Gerard, British racing driver (d. 1990)
  • 1917
    John Raitt, American singer and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1918
    John H. Johnson, American publisher (d. 2005)
  • 1920
    Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian United Nations Secretary General
  • 1921
    Patricia Highsmith, American author (d. 1995)
  • 1921
    William ‘Billy Batts’Devino, American gangster (d. 1970)
  • 1922
    Guy Madison, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1923
    Jean Stapleton, American actress
  • 1923
    Markus Wolf, German spy (d. 2006)
  • 1924
    Jean-François Revel, French author (d. 2006)
  • 1924
    Nicholas Colasanto, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1925
    Nina Bawden, English author
  • 1926
    Fritz Weaver, American actor
  • 1930
    Tippi Hedren, American actress
  • 1931
    Robert MacNeil, Canadian journalist
  • 1932
    Richard Lester, British director
  • 1932
    Russ Hamilton, British singer (d. 2008)
  • 1933
    George Coyne, American theologian
  • 1934
    Lloyd Robertson, Canadian journalist
  • 1935
    Johnny O'Keefe, Australian singer (d. 1978)
  • 1935
    Soumitra Chatterjee, Indian actor
  • 1936
    Ziaur Rahman, Seventh President of Bangladesh (d. 1981)
  • 1937
    Giovanna Marini, Italian singer-songwriter
  • 1937
    John Lions, Australian computer scientist (d. 1998)
  • 1939
    Phil Everly, American musician
  • 1940
    Mike Reid, English comedian (d. 2007)
  • 1940
    Paolo Borsellino, Italian magistrate (d. 1992)
  • 1941
    Colin Gunton, British theologian (d. 2003)
  • 1941
    Pat Patterson, Canadian wrestler
  • 1941
    Tony Anholt, British actor (d. 2002)
  • 1942
    Michael Crawford, British singer and actor
  • 1942
    Thom Mayne, American Architect
  • 1943
    Janis Joplin, American singer (d. 1970)
  • 1943
    Petchara Chaowarat, Thai film actress
  • 1943
    Princess Margriet of the Netherlands
  • 1944
    Dan Reeves, American football coach
  • 1944
    Laurie London, English singer
  • 1944
    Peter Lynch, American investor
  • 1944
    Shelley Fabares, American actress
  • 1945
    Trevor Williams, English Bass Guitarist
  • 1946
    Dolly Parton, American singer and actress
  • 1946
    Julian Barnes, English author
  • 1947
    Ann Compton, American news reporter
  • 1947
    Paula Deen, American chef and restaurateur
  • 1947
    Rod Evans, British musician (Deep Purple)
  • 1948
    Frank McKenna, Canadian politician
  • 1949
    Dennis Taylor, Northern Irish snooker player
  • 1949
    Robert Palmer, English singer and guitarist (d. 2003)
  • 1950
    Grant Nordman, Canadian politician
  • 1950
    Sébastien Dhavernas, Canadian actor
  • 1953
    Desi Arnaz, Jr., American actor
  • 1953
    Linda Hayden, English actress
  • 1953
    Richard Legendre, Canadian politician
  • 1954
    Cindy Sherman, American photographer
  • 1954
    Katey Sagal, American actress
  • 1954
    Katharina Thalbach, German actress and film director
  • 1955
    Paul Rodriguez, Mexican/American actor and comedian
  • 1955
    Simon Rattle, English conductor
  • 1956
    Carman Licciardello, American singer
  • 1957
    Kenneth McClintock, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1957
    Ottis Anderson, former American football player
  • 1959
    Jeff Pilson, American bass guitarist
  • 1961
    William Ragsdale, American actor
  • 1962
    Chris Sabo, American baseball player
  • 1962
    Hans Daams, Dutch cyclist
  • 1962
    Jeff Van Gundy, American basketball coach
  • 1963
    Caron Wheeler, British singer (Soul II Soul)
  • 1963
    Martin Bashir, Pakistani-born reporter
  • 1963
    Michael Adams, American basketball player
  • 1964
    Janine Antoni, Bahamian artist
  • 1964
    Ricardo Arjona, Guatemalan singer
  • 1966
    Floris Jan Bovelander, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1966
    Lena Philipsson, Swedish singer
  • 1966
    Stefan Edberg, Swedish tennis player
  • 1966
    Sylvain Côté, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967
    Javier Cámara, Spanish actor
  • 1968
    Whitfield Crane, American musician (Ugly Kid Joe)
  • 1969
    Casey Sherman, American author
  • 1969
    Edwidge Danticat, Haitian/American author
  • 1969
    Junior Seau, American football player
  • 1969
    Luc Longley, Australian basketball player
  • 1969
    Predrag Mijatović, Yugoslavian footballer
  • 1969
    Steve Staunton, Irish footballer
  • 1970
    Kathleen Smet, Belgian triathlete
  • 1970
    Udo Suzuki, Japanese comedian
  • 1971
    John Wozniak, American singer and songwriter (Marcy Playground)
  • 1971
    Shawn Wayans, American actor
  • 1972
    Angham, Egyptian singer, record producer and actress
  • 1972
    Drea de Matteo, American actress
  • 1972
    Elena Kaliská, Slovak slalom canoer
  • 1972
    Joana Benedek, Mexican actress
  • 1972
    Jon Fisher, American entrepreneur
  • 1972
    Princess Kalina of Bulgaria
  • 1972
    Ron Killings, American professional wrestler
  • 1972
    Troy Wilson, Australian racing driver and AFL player
  • 1973
    Aaron Yonda, YouTube celebrity
  • 1973
    Antero Manninen, Finnish cellist
  • 1973
    Yevgeny Sadovyi, Russian swimmer
  • 1974
    Frank Caliendo, American comedian
  • 1974
    Ian Laperrière, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974
    Jaime Moreno, Bolivian footballer
  • 1975
    Noah Georgeson, American musician
  • 1976
    Natale Gonnella, Italian footballer
  • 1976
    Tarso Marques, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1977
    Benjamin Ayres, Canadian actor
  • 1977
    Cocco, Japanese singer
  • 1977
    Lauren Etame Mayer, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1977
    Nicole, Chilean singer
  • 1979
    Josu Sarriegi, Spanish/Basque footballer
  • 1979
    Svetlana Khorkina, Russian gymnast
  • 1979
    Wiley, English rapper
  • 1980
    Jenson Button, English Formula One driver
  • 1980
    Kotoko, Japanese singer
  • 1980
    Luke Macfarlane, Canadian actor
  • 1981
    Asier Del Horno, Spanish footballer
  • 1981
    Bitsie Tulloch, American actress
  • 1981
    Dimosthenis Manousakis, Greek footballer
  • 1981
    Kerby Raymundo, Filipino basketball player
  • 1981
    Lucho González, Argentine footballer
  • 1982
    Angela Chang, Taiwanese singer and actress
  • 1982
    Jodie Sweetin, American actress
  • 1982
    Mike Komisarek, American ice hockey player
  • 1983
    Hikaru Utada, American/Japanese singer and songwriter
  • 1984
    Fabio Catacchini, Italian footballer
  • 1984
    Jimmy Kebe, Malian footballer
  • 1984
    Karun Chandhok, Indian racing driver
  • 1984
    Thomas Vanek, Austrian ice hockey player
  • 1985
    Benny Feilhaber, American soccer player
  • 1985
    Esteban Guerrieri, Argentine racing driver
  • 1985
    Jake Allen, American football player
  • 1985
    Rika Ishikawa, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
  • 1986
    Claudio Marchisio, Italian footballer
  • 1986
    Loren Galler-Rabinowitz, American ice dancer
  • 1987
    Angus Monfries, Australian league footballer
  • 1987
    Edgar Manucharyan, Armenian footballer
  • 1988
    JaVale McGee, American Basketball Player
  • 1991
    Erin Sanders, American actress
  • 1992
    Logan Lerman, American actor
  • 1992
    Mac Miller, American rapper
  • 1992
    Shawn Johnson, American gymnast
  • 1993
    Gus Lewis, English actor

Who Died On January 19?

  • 639
    Dagobert I, King of the Franks (b. c. 603)
  • 1526
    Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (b. 1501)
  • 1547
    Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, English poet (b. 1517)
  • 1576
    Hans Sachs, German Meistersinger (b. 1494)
  • 1661
    Thomas Venner, Fifth Monarchist (executed) (b. 1599)
  • 1729
    William Congreve, English playwright (b. 1670)
  • 1757
    Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1674)
  • 1766
    Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni, Italian-born French architect and painter (b. 1695)
  • 1785
    Jonathan Toup, English classical scholar and critic (b. 1713)
  • 1833
    Louis Joseph Ferdinand Herold, French composer (b. 1791)
  • 1847
    Charles Bent, New Mexico pioneer (assassinated) (b. 1799)
  • 1851
    Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (b. 1805)
  • 1865
    Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)
  • 1869
    Carl Reichenbach, German chemist and philosopher (b. 1788)
  • 1874
    August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, German poet (b. 1798)
  • 1878
    Henri Victor Regnault French physicist and chemist (b. 1810)
  • 1905
    Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (b. 1817)
  • 1906
    Bartolomé Mitre, Argentine historian and politician, president of the country (b. 1821)
  • 1915
    Thomas Herbst, German painter (b. 1848)
  • 1925
    Queen Maria Sophia of Two Sicilies (b.1841)
  • 1927
    Charlotte of Belgium (b. 1840)
  • 1929
    Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (b. 1873)
  • 1939
    Branislav Nušić, Serbian novelist, playwright, satirist, essayist and journalist (b. 1864)
  • 1939
    Cliff Heathcote, American baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1948
    Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
  • 1954
    Theodor Kaluza, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1885)
  • 1957
    József Dudás, Romanian/Hungarian resistance fighter (b. 1912)
  • 1964
    Firmin Lambot, Belgian cyclist (b. 1886)
  • 1965
    Arnold Luhaäär, Estonian weightlifter and Olympic medalist (b. 1905)
  • 1968
    Ray Harroun, American race car driver (b. 1879)
  • 1969
    Jan Palach, Czech student and political activist (suicide) (b. 1948)
  • 1971
    Harry Shields, American musician (b. 1899)
  • 1972
    Michael Rabin, American violinist (b. 1936)
  • 1973
    Max Adrian, Northern Irish actor (b. 1903)
  • 1975
    Thomas Hart Benton, American painter (b. 1889)
  • 1976
    Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (b. 1886)
  • 1980
    William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1898)
  • 1982
    Elis Regina, Brazilian singer (b. 1945)
  • 1983
    Ham the Chimp, First hominid launched into outer space (b. 1956)
  • 1984
    Max Bentley, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1920)
  • 1987
    Lawrence Kohlberg, American psychologist (b. 1927)
  • 1990
    Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, Indian religious leader (b. 1931)
  • 1990
    Herbert Wehner, German politician (b. 1906)
  • 1990
    Semprini, English musician (b. 1908)
  • 1991
    John Russell, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 1991
    Marcel Chaput, French-Canadian politician (b. 1918)
  • 1995
    Gene MacLellan, Canadian composer and singer (b. 1938)
  • 1996
    Don Simpson, American film producer (b. 1943)
  • 1997
    Adriana Caselotti, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 1997
    James Dickey, American writer (b. 1923)
  • 1998
    Carl Perkins, American guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 1999
    Ivan Francescato, Italian rugby union footballer (b. 1967)
  • 2000
    Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1934)
  • 2000
    Hedy Lamarr, Austrian-born actress and inventor (b. 1913)
  • 2001
    Dario Vittori, Argentine actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003
    Françoise Giroud, French writer and journalist (b. 1916)
  • 2004
    David Hookes, Australian cricketer and coach (b. 1955)
  • 2004
    Harry E. Claiborne, American judge (suicide) (b. 1917)
  • 2005
    Anita Kulcsár, Hungarian handball player (b. 1976)
  • 2005
    Bill Andersen, New Zealand communist and trade union leader (b. 1924)
  • 2005
    K. Sello Duiker, South African novelist (b. 1974)
  • 2006
    Anthony Franciosa, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2006
    Aoun Al-Sharif Qasim, Sudanese writer and Islamic scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2006
    Geoff Rabone, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1921)
  • 2006
    Wilson Pickett, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 2007
    Denny Doherty, Canadian singer (The Mamas & the Papas) (b. 1940)
  • 2007
    Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (b. 1954)
  • 2007
    Murat Nasyrov, Russian singer and composer (b. 1969)
  • 2007
    Scott “Bam Bam” Bigelow, American professional wrestler (b. 1961)
  • 2008
    Don Wittman, Canadian sportscaster for CBC (b. 1936)
  • 2008
    John Stewart, American musician (The Kingston Trio) (b. 1939)
  • 2008
    Suzanne Pleshette, American actress (b. 1937)
  • 2010
    Bill McLaren, Scottish rugby commentator (b. 1923)
  • 2010
    Jennifer Lyon, American reality television personality (Survivor) (b. 1972)
  • 2011
    Ernest McCulloch, stem cell research pioneer (b. 1926)


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