Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,060 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on July 14? There are more than 245 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 14

July 14 is the 196th day of the year 2020. There are 170 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Tuesday. This day falls under the 29th week of the year 2020.

On this day in Indianapolis, Indiana 46249 sunrise will occur at 05:28 AM and sunset will occur at 08:11 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Cancer. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 213 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 12, 2021).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the July 16 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For July 14

  • 1223
    Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France.
  • 1769
    An expedition led by Gaspar de Portolà establishes a base in California and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
  • 1771
    Foundation of the Mission San Antonio de Padua in modern California by the Franciscan friar Junípero Serra.
  • 1789
    Alexander Mackenzie finally completes his journey to the mouth of the great river he hoped would take him to the Pacific, but which turns out to flow into the Arctic Ocean. Later named after him, the Mackenzie is the second-longest river system in North America.
  • 1789
    French Revolution: citizens of Paris storm the Bastille.
  • 1790
    French Revolution: citizens of Paris celebrate the constitutional monarchy and national reconciliation in the Fête de la Fédération.
  • 1791
    The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
  • 1798
    The Sedition Act becomes law in the United States making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
  • 1853
    Opening of the first major US world’s fair, the Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in New York City.
  • 1865
    First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom die on the descent.
  • 1877
    The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 begins in Martinsburg, West Virginia, US, when Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers have their wages cut for the second time in a year.
  • 1881
    Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner.
  • 1900
    Armies of the Eight-Nation Alliance capture Tientsin during the Boxer Rebellion.
  • 1902
    The Campanile in St. Mark’s Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
  • 1911
    Harry Atwood, an exhibition pilot for the Wright Brothers lands his airplane at the South Lawn of the White House. He is later awarded a Gold medal from President Taft for this feat.
  • 1916
    Start of the Battle of Delville Wood as an action within the Battle of the Somme, which was to last until 3 September 1916.
  • 1933
    Gleichschaltung: in Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
  • 1943
    In Diamond, Missouri, the George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of an African American.
  • 1948
    Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot and wounded near the Italian Parliament.
  • 1950
    Korean War: North Korean troops initiate the Battle of Taejon.
  • 1957
    Rawya Ateya takes her seat in the National Assembly of Egypt, thereby becoming the first female parliamentarian in the Arab world.
  • 1958
    Iraqi Revolution: in Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by popular forces led by Abdul Karim Kassem, who becomes the nation’s new leader.
  • 1960
    Jane Goodall arrives at the Gombe Stream Reserve in present-day Tanzania to begin her famous study of chimpanzees in the wild.
  • 1965
    The Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
  • 1969
    Football War: after Honduras loses a soccer match against El Salvador, riots break out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers.
  • 1969
    The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
  • 1987
    Montreal, Canada, is hit by a series of thunderstorms causing the Montreal Flood of 1987.
  • 1992
    386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz beginning the Open Source Operating System Revolution. Linus Torvalds releases his Linux soon afterwards.
  • 2000
    A powerful solar flare, later named the Bastille Day event, causes a geomagnetic storm on Earth.
  • 2002
    French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations.
  • 2003
    In an effort to discredit U.S. Ambassador Joseph C. Wilson, who had written an article critical of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Washington Post columnist Robert Novak reveals that Wilson’s wife Valerie Plame is a CIA “operative”.

Who Were Born On July 14?

  • 1454
    Poliziano, Florentine humanist (d. 1494)
  • 1602
    Jules Mazarin, French statesman and cardinal (d. 1661)
  • 1608
    George Goring, Lord Goring, English royalist soldier (d. 1657)
  • 1610
    Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
  • 1634
    Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
  • 1671
    Jacques D'Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
  • 1675
    Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
  • 1676
    Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian and poet (d. 1763)
  • 1696
    William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (d. 1761)
  • 1721
    John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • 1743
    Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
  • 1755
    Michel de Beaupuy, French general of the Revolution (d. 1796)
  • 1785
    Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer and journalist (d. 1851)
  • 1801
    Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
  • 1816
    Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
  • 1829
    Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1896)
  • 1834
    James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American painter (d. 1903)
  • 1858
    Emmeline Pankhurst, English suffragette (d. 1928)
  • 1859
    Willy Hess, German violinist (d. 1928)
  • 1860
    Owen Wister, American novelist (d. 1938)
  • 1862
    Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter and graphic artist (d. 1918)
  • 1865
    Arthur Capper, American newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1951)
  • 1868
    Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy and administrator (d. 1926)
  • 1872
    Albert Marque, French sculptor and doll maker (d. 1939)
  • 1874
    Khedive Abbas II of Egypt and Sudan (d. 1944)
  • 1885
    King Sisavang Vong of Laos (d. 1959)
  • 1888
    Scipio Slataper, Italian writer and essayist (d. 1915)
  • 1889
    Ante Pavelić, Croatian fascist leader (d. 1959)
  • 1891
    Alexander M. Volkov, Russian novelist and mathematician (d. 1977)
  • 1893
    Clarence J. Brown, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1965)
  • 1893
    Dave Fleischer, American animator, film director and film producer (d. 1979)
  • 1896
    Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (d. 1936)
  • 1898
    Albert Benjamin “Happy” Chandler, American politician and baseball commissioner (d. 1991)
  • 1901
    Gerald Finzi, British composer (d. 1956)
  • 1903
    Irving Stone, American writer (d. 1989)
  • 1906
    Tom Carvel, Greek-born American businessman and inventor (d. 1990)
  • 1906
    William H. Tunner, American general (d. 1983)
  • 1910
    William Hanna, American animator (d. 2001)
  • 1911
    Pavel Prudnikau, Belarusian poet and writer (d. 2000)
  • 1911
    Terry-Thomas, British actor (d. 1990)
  • 1912
    Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
  • 1912
    Woody Guthrie, American folk musician (d. 1967)
  • 1913
    Gerald Ford, 38th President of the United States (d. 2006)
  • 1918
    Arthur Laurents, American playwright, novelist, and director (d. 2011)
  • 1918
    Ingmar Bergman, Swedish film and theatre director (d. 2007)
  • 1919
    Lino Ventura, Italian-born French actor (d. 1987)
  • 1920
    Shankarrao Chavan, Indian politician (d. 2004)
  • 1921
    Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1921
    Leon Garfield, English children’s author (d. 1996)
  • 1922
    Elfriede Rinkel, German Nazi concentration camp guard
  • 1922
    Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1923
    Dale Robertson, American actor
  • 1923
    Willie Steele, American long jumper (d. 1989)
  • 1926
    Harry Dean Stanton, American actor
  • 1927
    John Chancellor, American television commentator (d. 1996)
  • 1928
    Nancy Olson, American actress
  • 1930
    Polly Bergen, American actress
  • 1931
    Jacqueline de Ribes, French fashion designer
  • 1932
    Roosevelt Grier, American football player and actor
  • 1933
    Franz, Duke of Bavaria, Heir to the House of Stuart
  • 1933
    Robert Bourassa, Quebec politician (d. 1996)
  • 1936
    Pema Chödrön, American-born Buddhist nun and author
  • 1937
    Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
  • 1938
    Jerry Rubin, American social activist and businessman (d. 1994)
  • 1938
    Richard Rust, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1939
    George E. Slusser, American scholar and writer
  • 1939
    Karel Gott, Czech Schlager singer
  • 1939
    Sid Haig, American actor
  • 1940
    Susan Howatch, English novelist
  • 1941
    Andreas Khol, Austrian politician
  • 1941
    Maulana Karenga, American writer and political activist, the creator of Kwanzaa
  • 1942
    Javier Solana, Spanish politician, Secretary General of NATO and European Union High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
  • 1943
    Christopher Priest, English novelist
  • 1944
    Billy McCool, American baseball player
  • 1946
    John Wood, Australian actor
  • 1946
    Vincent Pastore, American actor
  • 1947
    Claudia Kennedy, U.S. Army officer
  • 1947
    Navin Ramgoolam, Mauritius politician, 3rd and 6th Prime Minister of Mauritius
  • 1948
    Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu, Zulu king
  • 1949
    Tommy Mottola, American music executive
  • 1951
    Erich Hallhuber, German actor (d. 2003)
  • 1952
    Bob Casale (“Bob 2”), American guitarist (Devo)
  • 1952
    Eric Laneuville, American director, actor and producer
  • 1952
    Franklin Graham, American evangelist
  • 1952
    Joel Silver, American film producer
  • 1953
    Bebe Buell, American model
  • 1953
    Martha Coakley, American politician
  • 1955
    L. Brent Bozell III, American writer and pundit
  • 1956
    Julio Chavez, Argentinian actor
  • 1956
    Vladimir Kulich, Czech actor
  • 1958
    Joe Keenan, American screenwriter, television producer and novelist
  • 1958
    Robert Jensen, American journalist and activist
  • 1960
    Angélique Kidjo, Beninese singer
  • 1960
    Anna Bligh, Australian politician
  • 1960
    Jane Lynch, American actress, comedian and singer
  • 1960
    Kyle Gass, American guitarist, singer and actor (Tenacious D)
  • 1961
    Jackie Earle Haley, American actor
  • 1962
    Jeff Olson, American percussionist (Trouble)
  • 1963
    Phil Rosenthal, American newspaper columnist
  • 1966
    Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator
  • 1966
    Ellen Reid, Canadian pianist and vocalist (Crash Test Dummies)
  • 1966
    Juliet Cesario, American actress
  • 1966
    Matthew Fox, American actor
  • 1966
    Owen Coyle, Scottish-born Irish football player and manager
  • 1966
    Tanya Donelly, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Throwing Muses, Belly)
  • 1967
    Jeff Jarrett, American professional wrestler
  • 1967
    Marios Constantinou, Greek-Cypriot footballer
  • 1967
    Patrick J. Kennedy, American politician
  • 1967
    Robin Ventura, American baseball player
  • 1969
    José Hernández, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1969
    Kazushi Sakuraba, Japanese mixed martial artist and professional wrestler
  • 1970
    Nina Siemaszko, American actress
  • 1971
    Howard Webb, English football referee
  • 1971
    Joey Styles, American wrestling commentator
  • 1971
    Madhu Sapre, Former Indian Model and Miss Universe Contestant
  • 1971
    Marie-Chantal Toupin, Canadian singer
  • 1971
    Mark LoMonaco (Bubba Ray Dudley), American professional wrestler
  • 1971
    Nick McCabe, British guitarist (The Verve)
  • 1972
    Deborah Mailman, Australian actress
  • 1973
    Adam Quinn, American bagpipes player
  • 1973
    Candela Peña, Spanish actress
  • 1973
    Halil Mutlu, Turkish weightlifter
  • 1973
    Paul Methric, American rapper
  • 1973
    Tani Fuga, Samoan rugby player
  • 1974
    David Mitchell, English comedian and actor
  • 1974
    Erick Dampier, American basketball player
  • 1975
    Jamey Johnson, American country music artist
  • 1975
    Taboo, American rapper
  • 1975
    Tim Hudson, American baseball player
  • 1976
    Geraint Jones, England cricketer
  • 1976
    Kirsten Sheridan, Irish film director and screenwriter
  • 1976
    Ranj Dhaliwal, Canadian novelist
  • 1977
    Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
  • 1978
    Mattias Ekström, Swedish racing driver
  • 1979
    Axel Teichmann, German cross-country skier
  • 1979
    Bernie Castro, Dominican baseball player
  • 1979
    Scott Porter, American actor
  • 1980
    Chad Faust, Canadian actor
  • 1980
    George Smith, Australian rugby union player
  • 1980
    Jed Madela, Filipino singer
  • 1981
    Lee Mead, English actor
  • 1982
    Dmitry Chaplin, Russian-born American dancer, So You Think You Can Dance finalist
  • 1983
    Wesley Dening, Australian TV personality
  • 1984
    Erica Blasberg, American golfer (d. 2010)
  • 1984
    Mounir El Hamdaoui, Moroccan footballer
  • 1984
    Nilmar, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984
    Renaldo Balkman, American basketball player
  • 1985
    Billy Celeski, Australian footballer
  • 1985
    Darrelle Revis, American football player
  • 1987
    Adam Johnson, English footballer
  • 1988
    James Vaughan, English footballer
  • 1989
    Sean Flynn, American actor

Who Died On July 14?

  • 664
    Deusdedit of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury (birth year unknown)
  • 937
    Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria (birth year unknown)
  • 1223
    King Philip II of France (b. 1165)
  • 1575
    Richard Taverner, English translator of the Bible (b. c. 1505)
  • 1614
    Camillus de Lellis, Italian saint (b. 1550)
  • 1671
    Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (b. 1599)
  • 1704
    Sophia Alekseyevna of Russia, regent of Russia (b. 1657)
  • 1723
    Claude Fleury, French historian (b. 1640)
  • 1742
    Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • 1766
    František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect (b. 1674)
  • 1774
    James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine, British field marshal (b. 1682)
  • 1780
    Charles Batteux, French philosopher (b. 1713)
  • 1789
    Bernard-René de Launay, French Governor of the Bastille (b. 1740)
  • 1789
    Jacques de Flesselles, French provost (b. 1721)
  • 1790
    Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)
  • 1809
    Nicodemus the Hagiorite, Greek Orthodox saint (b. 1749)
  • 1816
    Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan revolutionary (b. 1750)
  • 1817
    Madame de Staël, Swiss writer (b. 1766)
  • 1827
    Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
  • 1834
    Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)
  • 1850
    August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • 1876
    Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (b. 1816)
  • 1881
    Billy the Kid, American outlaw (b. 1859)
  • 1904
    Paul Kruger, South African Boer resistance leader, 5th President of the South African Republic (b. 1824)
  • 1907
    William Henry Perkin, English chemist and inventor (b. 1838)
  • 1910
    Marius Petipa, French dancer and choreographer (b. 1818)
  • 1917
    Octave Lapize, French cyclist (b. 1887)
  • 1918
    Quentin Roosevelt, American aviator, son of Theodore Roosevelt (b. 1897)
  • 1924
    Isabella Ford, English socialist, feminist, trade unionist and writer (b. 1855)
  • 1925
    Pancho Villa, Filipino boxer (b. 1901)
  • 1939
    Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter and decorative artist (b. 1860)
  • 1954
    Jacinto Benavente, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
  • 1954
    Jackie Saunders, American silent screen actress (b. 1892)
  • 1965
    Adlai Stevenson, United States politician and Presidential candidate (b. 1900)
  • 1966
    Julie Manet, French painter (b. 1878)
  • 1967
    Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (b. 1880)
  • 1968
    Ilias Tsirimokos, Greek politician, 164th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1907)
  • 1968
    Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (b. 1892)
  • 1970
    Preston Foster, American stage and film actor (b. 1900)
  • 1974
    Carl Spaatz, American Air Force general (b. 1891)
  • 1975
    Madan Mohan, Indian film music director (b. 1924)
  • 1984
    Ernest Tidyman, American writer (b. 1928)
  • 1989
    Frank Bell, British educator (b. 1916)
  • 1990
    Walter Sedlmayr, German actor (b. 1926)
  • 1993
    Léo Ferré, French singer and songwriter (b. 1916)
  • 1994
    César Tovar, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1940)
  • 1996
    Jeff Krosnoff, American racing driver (b. 1964)
  • 1998
    Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (b. 1909)
  • 2000
    Meredith MacRae, American actress (b. 1944)
  • 2000
    René Ríos Boettiger, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 2000
    William Roscoe Estep, American Baptist historian (b. 1920)
  • 2002
    Joaquín Balaguer, Dominican politician, 41st, 45th and 49th President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1906)
  • 2003
    Éva Janikovszky, Hungarian novelist (b. 1926)
  • 2003
    François-Albert Angers, French-Canadian economist (b. 1909)
  • 2005
    Cicely Saunders, English nurse, physician and writer (b. 1918)
  • 2005
    Joe Harnell, American musician, composer and arranger (b. 1924)
  • 2007
    John Ferguson, Sr., Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1938)
  • 2008
    Henki Kolstad, Norwegian actor (b. 1915)
  • 2009
    Zbigniew Zapasiewicz, Polish actor (b. 1934)
  • 2010
    Charles Mackerras, Australian conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2010
    Gene Ludwig, American jazz organist (b. 1937)
  • 2010
    Mădălina Manole, Romanian pop recording artist (b. 1967)

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