Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on October 15? There are more than 272 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About October 15

October 15 is the 288th day of the year 2019. There are 77 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Tuesday. This day falls under the 42nd week of the year 2019.

On this day in Williston, Florida 32696 sunrise will occur at 12:31 PM and sunset will occur at 11:59 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Libra. The modern birthstone for this month is Opal while the mystical birthstone is Jasper.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 102 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (January 25, 2020).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the October 17 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For October 15

  • 1529
    The Siege of Vienna ends as the Austrians rout the invading Turks, turning the tide against almost a century of unchecked conquest throughout eastern and central Europe by the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1582
    Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15.
  • 1764
    Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
  • 1783
    The Montgolfier brothers’ hot air balloon marks the first human ascent, by Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, (tethered balloon).
  • 1793
    Queen Marie-Antoinette of France is tried and convicted in a swift, pre-determined trial in the Palais de Justice, Paris, and condemned to death the following day.
  • 1815
    Napoleon I of France begins his exile on Saint Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: The H. L. Hunley, the first submarine to sink a ship, sinks during a test, killing its inventor, Horace L. Hunley.
  • 1864
    American Civil War: The Battle of Glasgow is fought, resulting in the surrender of Glasgow, Missouri, and its Union garrison, to the Confederacy.
  • 1878
    The Edison Electric Light Company begins operation.
  • 1880
    Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
  • 1888
    The “From Hell” letter sent by Jack the Ripper is received by investigators.
  • 1894
    The Dreyfus affair: Alfred Dreyfus is arrested for spying.
  • 1904
    The Russian Baltic Fleet leaves Reval, Estonia for Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War.
  • 1910
    Airship America launched from New Jersey in the first attempt to cross the Atlantic by a powered aircraft.
  • 1917
    World War I: At Vincennes outside of Paris, Dutch dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for the German Empire.
  • 1928
    The airship, Graf Zeppelin completes its first trans-Atlantic flight, landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey, United States.
  • 1932
    Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight.
  • 1934
    The Soviet Republic of China collapses when Chiang Kai-shek’s National Revolutionary Army successfully encircles Ruijin, forcing the fleeing Communists to begin the Long March.
  • 1939
    The New York Municipal Airport (later renamed La Guardia Airport) is dedicated.
  • 1940
    The President of Catalonia, Lluís Companys, is executed by the Spanish dictatorship of Francisco Franco, making him the only European president to have been executed.
  • 1944
    The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler’s NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes power in Hungary.
  • 1945
    World War II: The former premier of Vichy France Pierre Laval is shot by a firing squad for treason.
  • 1951
    Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes conducts the very last step of the first synthesis of norethisterone, the progestin that would later be used in one of the first two oral contraceptives.
  • 1953
    British nuclear test Totem 1 detonated at Emu Field, South Australia.
  • 1956
    Fortran, the first modern computer language, is shared with the coding community for the first time.
  • 1965
    Vietnam War: The Catholic Worker Movement stages an anti-war rally in Manhattan including a public burning of a draft card; the first such act to result in arrest under a new amendment to the Selective Service Act.
  • 1966
    Black Panther Party is created by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale.
  • 1969
    Vietnam War; The Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam is held in Washington DC and across the US. Over 2 million demonstrate nationally; about 250,000 in the nation’s capitol.
  • 1970
    The domestic Soviet Aeroflot Flight 244 is hijacked and diverted to Turkey.
  • 1970
    Thirty-five construction workers are killed when a section of the new West Gate Bridge in Melbourne collapses.
  • 1971
    The start of the 2500-year celebration of Iran, celebrating the birth of Persia.
  • 1979
    Black Monday in Malta. The Building of the Times of Malta, the residence of the opposition leader Eddie Fenech Adami and several Nationalist Party clubs are ransacked and destroyed by supporters of the Malta Labour Party.
  • 1987
    The Great Storm of 1987 hits France and England.
  • 1989
    Wayne Gretzky becomes the all-time leading points scorer in the NHL.
  • 1990
    Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and open up his nation.
  • 1997
    The Cassini probe launches from Cape Canaveral on its way to Saturn.
  • 1997
    The first supersonic land speed record is set by Andy Green in ThrustSSC (United Kingdom), exactly 50 years and 1 day after Chuck Yeager first broke the sound barrier in the Earth’s atmosphere.
  • 2001
    NASA’s Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter’s moon Io.
  • 2003
    China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission.
  • 2003
    The Staten Island Ferry boat Andrew J. Barberi runs into a pier at the St. George Ferry Terminal in Staten Island, killing 11 people and injuring 43.
  • 2005
    A riot in Toledo, Ohio breaks out during a National Socialist/Neo-Nazi protest; over 100 are arrested.
  • 2007
    Seventeen activists in New Zealand are arrested in the country’s first post 9/11 anti-terrorism raids.
  • 2008
    The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed down 733.08 points, or 7.87%, the second worst day in the Dow’s history based on a percentage drop.
  • 2011
    Global protests break out in 951 cities in 82 countries.
  • 2011
    Legoland Florida in Winter Haven, Florida Opens. This is the world’s largest Legoland theme park

Who Were Born On October 15?

  • 70 BC
    Virgil, Roman poet (d. 19 BC)
  • 1471
    Konrad Mutian, German humanist (d. 1526)
  • 1608
    Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist (d. 1647)
  • 1686
    Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (d. 1758)
  • 1701
    Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, first native Canadian canonized (d. 1771)
  • 1711
    Elisabeth Teresa of Lorraine, queen of Sardinia (d. 1741)
  • 1784
    Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly (d. 1849)
  • 1785
    José Miguel Carrera, Chilean general and founding father (d. 1821)
  • 1814
    Mikhail Lermontov, Russian author (d. 1841)
  • 1818
    Alexander Dreyschock, Czech pianist and composer (d. 1869)
  • 1825
    Queen Marie of Prussia, (d. 1889)
  • 1829
    Asaph Hall, American astronomer (d. 1907)
  • 1836
    James Tissot, French artist (d. 1902)
  • 1840
    Honoré Mercier, politician and premier of Quebec (d. 1894)
  • 1844
    Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher (d. 1900)
  • 1853
    Jan Harte van Tecklenburg, Dutch politician (d. 1937)
  • 1858
    John L. Sullivan, American boxer (d. 1918)
  • 1865
    Albert Heijn, Dutch businessman (d. 1945)
  • 1872
    Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian president (d. 1956)
  • 1874
    Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, (d. 1899)
  • 1878
    Paul Reynaud, French politician (d. 1966)
  • 1879
    Jane Darwell, Academy Award-winning American actress (d. 1967)
  • 1881
    P. G. Wodehouse, British novelist (d. 1975)
  • 1882
    Charley O'Leary, American baseball player (d. 1941)
  • 1884
    Arch Hoxsey, pioneer aviator (d. 1910)
  • 1890
    Álvaro de Campos, a heteronym of Fernando Pessoa (d. 1935).
  • 1893
    King Carol II of Romania, (d. 1953)
  • 1894
    Moshe Sharett, second Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1965)
  • 1898
    Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian athlete (d. 1951)
  • 1900
    Mervyn LeRoy, American film director (d. 1987)
  • 1905
    C. P. Snow, British writer (d. 1980)
  • 1906
    Hiram Leong Fong, American politician (d. 2004)
  • 1906
    Victoria Spivey, American blues singer and songwriter (d. 1976)
  • 1907
    Varian Fry, American journalist (d. 1967)
  • 1908
    Herman Chittison, American jazz pianist (d. 1967)
  • 1908
    John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian-born US economist (d. 2006)
  • 1909
    Jesse Leonard Greenstein, American astronomer (d. 2002)
  • 1909
    Robert Trout, American reporter (d. 2000)
  • 1912
    Nellie Lutcher, American pianist, R&B and jazz singer (d. 1950)
  • 1915
    Yitzhak Shamir, Israeli politician
  • 1916
    Al Killian, American jazz trumpet player and occasional bandleader (d. 2007)
  • 1917
    Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., American historian and political commentator (d. 2007)
  • 1917
    Jan Miner, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1919
    Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist (d. 1985)
  • 1920
    Henri Verneuil, French film director (d. 2002)
  • 1920
    Mario Puzo, American novelist (d. 1999)
  • 1921
    Angelica Rozeanu, Romanian table-tennis player (d. 2006)
  • 1922
    Agustina Bessa-Luís, Portuguese writer
  • 1923
    Italo Calvino. Italian writer (d. 1985)
  • 1924
    Francis “Frank” X. McDermott, American Republican Party politician (d. 2011)
  • 1924
    Lee Iacocca, American automotive executive
  • 1924
    Marguerite Andersen, German writer
  • 1924
    Mark Lenard, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1924
    Warren Miller, American director
  • 1925
    Mickey Baker, American guitarist (Mickey & Sylvia)
  • 1926
    Evan Hunter, American author (d. 2005)
  • 1926
    James E. Akins, American diplomat and adviser to Richard Nixon (d. 2010)
  • 1926
    Jean Peters, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1926
    Karl Richter, German conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1926
    Michel Foucault, French philosopher (d. 1984)
  • 1927
    Bill Henry, American baseball player
  • 1930
    Fereydun M. Esfandiary, Iranian philosopher (d. 2000)
  • 1931
    A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Eleventh President of India
  • 1931
    Freddy Cole, American jazz singer and pianist
  • 1934
    N. Ramani, Indian flutist
  • 1935
    Barry McGuire, American singer
  • 1935
    Bobby Morrow, American sprinter
  • 1935
    Dick McTaggart, British Olympic boxing champion
  • 1935
    Willie O'Ree, Canadian Hockey Player
  • 1937
    Linda Lavin, American actress
  • 1938
    Fela Kuti, Nigerian musician and political activist (d. 1997)
  • 1938
    Marv Johnson, American singer (d. 1993)
  • 1938
    Robert Ward, American blues and soul guitarist (d. 2008)
  • 1940
    Peter Doherty, Australian immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1940
    Tommy Bishop, English rugby league player
  • 1942
    Penny Marshall, American actress and film director
  • 1944
    David Trimble, Irish politician, Nobel laureate
  • 1944
    Haim Saban, Egyptian-born American media proprietor
  • 1944
    Sali Berisha, former President of Albania; current Prime Minister
  • 1945
    Jere Burns, American actor
  • 1945
    Jim Palmer, American baseball player
  • 1946
    John Getz, American actor
  • 1946
    Palle Danielsson, Swedish jazz double bassist, member of Tomasz Stanko Septet
  • 1946
    Richard Carpenter, American musician (The Carpenters)
  • 1946
    Stewart Stevenson, Scottish politician
  • 1948
    Chris de Burgh, Irish singer and songwriter
  • 1949
    Laurie McBain, U.S.American novelist.
  • 1949
    Prannoy Roy, Indian journalist and psephologist, CEO – NDTV
  • 1951
    A.F.Th. van der Heijden, Dutch writer
  • 1951
    Peter Richardson, English actor, comedian, and writer
  • 1951
    Rafael Vaganian, Armenian chess grandmaster
  • 1953
    Betsy Clifford, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1953
    Larry Miller, American actor and comedian
  • 1953
    Tito Jackson, American musician
  • 1954
    Jere Burns, American actor
  • 1954
    Peter Bakowski, Australian poet
  • 1954
    Princess Friederike of Hanover, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
  • 1955
    Kulbir Bhaura, British field hockey player
  • 1955
    Tanya Roberts, American actress
  • 1957
    Mira Nair, Indian director
  • 1957
    Stacy Peralta, American director
  • 1958
    Renée Jones, American actress
  • 1958
    Stephen Clarke, British author
  • 1959
    Alex Paterson, English musician, co-founder of ambient group The Orb
  • 1959
    Emeril Lagasse, American chef
  • 1959
    Sarah, Duchess of York
  • 1959
    Todd Solondz, American film director
  • 1963
    Stanley Menzo, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1964
    Roberto Vittori, Italian astronaut
  • 1966
    Bill Charlap, American jazz pianist
  • 1966
    Dave Stead, drummer for The Beautiful South
  • 1966
    Ilse Huizinga, Dutch jazz singer
  • 1966
    Jorge Campos, Mexican footballer
  • 1968
    Didier Deschamps, French footballer
  • 1968
    Jyrki 69, Finnish musician The 69 Eyes
  • 1969
    Dominic West, British actor
  • 1969
    Paige Davis, American television personality and actress
  • 1969
    Vítor Baía, Portuguese footballer
  • 1969
    Vanessa Marcil, American actress
  • 1970
    Eric Benét, American singer
  • 1971
    Andy Cole, British footballer
  • 1971
    Jason Arhndt, American wrestler
  • 1972
    Fred Hoiberg, American basketball player
  • 1972
    Matt Keeslar, American actor
  • 1972
    Sandra Kim, Belgian singer
  • 1973
    Dax Riggs, American musician
  • 1974
    Bianca Rinaldi, Brazilian actress
  • 1975
    Alessandro Doga, Italian footballer
  • 1975
    Ginuwine, American singer
  • 1975
    Glen Little, English footballer
  • 1976
    Christian Allen, American video game designer
  • 1976
    Manuel Dallan, Italian rugby player
  • 1976
    Yoon Son-ha, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1977
    David Trezeguet, French footballer
  • 1977
    Erin McKeown, American musician
  • 1977
    Masato Kawabata, Japanese racing driver
  • 1977
    Patricio Urrutia, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1978
    Devon Gummersall, American actor
  • 1978
    Takeshi Morishima, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1979
    Blue Adams, American Football Player
  • 1979
    Māris Verpakovskis, Latvian footballer
  • 1979
    Paul Robinson, English footballer
  • 1980
    Siiri Nordin, Finnish singer (Killer)
  • 1980
    Tom Boonen, Belgian cyclist
  • 1981
    Abram Elam, American football player
  • 1981
    Elena Dementieva, Russian tennis player
  • 1981
    Guo Jingjing, Chinese diver
  • 1981
    Keyshia Cole, American R&B singer
  • 1981
    Radoslav Židek, Slovak snowboarder
  • 1982
    Charline Labonté, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982
    Paulini Curuenavuli, Fijian/Australian singer
  • 1982
    Sachiko Yamada, Japanese swimmer
  • 1983
    Bruno Senna, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1983
    Holly Montag, American reality TV personality
  • 1983
    Stephy Tang, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1984
    Johan Voskamp, Dutch footballer
  • 1985
    Arron Afflalo, American basketball player
  • 1985
    Marcos Martínez, Spanish racing driver
  • 1985
    Walter Alberto López, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1986
    Carlo Janka, Swiss alpine ski racer
  • 1986
    Lee Donghae, South Korean singer (Super Junior)
  • 1987
    Chantal Strand, Canadian actress, singer and voice actress
  • 1987
    Jesse Levine, Canadian/American tennis player
  • 1988
    Mesut Özil, German footballer
  • 1989
    Leandro Antonio Martínez, Argentinian/Italian footballer
  • 1990
    Ji Yoon, South Korean singer (4minute)
  • 1992
    Vincent Martella, American actor
  • 1999
    Bailee Madison, American child actress
  • 2005
    Prince Christian of Denmark, Danish royal

Who Died On October 15?

  • 412
    Pope Theophilus of Alexandria
  • 898
    Lambert, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 912
    Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-Umawi, Spanish-born Moor religious figure (b. 844)
  • 1002
    Otto-Henry, Duke of Burgundy (b. 946)
  • 1080
    Rudolf of Rheinfelden, German noble (b.c. 1025)
  • 1326
    Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (b. 1261)
  • 1389
    Pope Urban VI
  • 1564
    Andreas Vesalius, Flemish anatomist (b. 1514)
  • 1715
    Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (b. 1675)
  • 1730
    Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French explorer (b. 1658)
  • 1788
    Samuel Greig, Scottish-Russian admiral (b. 1735)
  • 1810
    Alfred Moore, American judrist (b. 1755)
  • 1811
    Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (b. 1735)
  • 1817
    Tadeusz Kościuszko, Lithuanian-born Polish military officer (b. 1746)
  • 1819
    Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
  • 1820
    Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (b. 1771)
  • 1837
    Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman and poet (b. 1760)
  • 1880
    Victorio, Apache leader
  • 1891
    Gilbert Arthur a Beckett, English writer (b. 1837)
  • 1900
    Zdeněk Fibich, Czech composer (b. 1850)
  • 1910
    Stanley Ketchel, American boxer (b. 1886)
  • 1917
    Mata Hari, Dutch dancer and spy (b. 1876)
  • 1918
    Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian religious figure (b. c. 1838)
  • 1930
    Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (b. 1866)
  • 1934
    Raymond Poincaré, French statesman (b. 1860)
  • 1945
    Pierre Laval, French politician (b. 1883)
  • 1946
    Hermann Göring, German Nazi official (b. 1893)
  • 1948
    Edythe Chapman, American actress (b. 1863)
  • 1959
    Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1880)
  • 1960
    Clara Kimball Young, American actress (b. 1890)
  • 1963
    Horton Smith. American golfer (b. 1908)
  • 1964
    Cole Porter, American composer (b. 1891)
  • 1965
    Abraham Fraenkel, Israeli mathematician (b. 1891)
  • 1966
    Frederick Montague, 1st Baron Amwell, British politician (b. 1876)
  • 1976
    Carlo Gambino, American organized crime figure (b. 1902)
  • 1980
    Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek footballer and volleyball player (b. 1896)
  • 1980
    Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian physicist and mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1981
    Philip Fotheringham-Parker, British racing driver (b. 1907)
  • 1987
    Thomas Sankara, Burkinan military officer and politician (b. 1949)
  • 1988
    Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, English composer and pianist (b. 1892)
  • 1994
    Sarah Kofman, French philosopher (b. 1934)
  • 1995
    Bengt Åkerblom, Swedish ice hockey player (b. 1967)
  • 1995
    Marco Campos, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1976)
  • 1999
    Josef Locke, Irish-born tenor (b. 1917)
  • 2000
    Konrad Emil Bloch, Prussian-born American biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 2000
    Vincent Canby, American movie critic (b. 1924)
  • 2001
    Zhang Xueliang, Chinese head of state (b. 1901)
  • 2003
    Ben Metcalfe, Canadian environmental activist (b. 1919)
  • 2005
    Jason Collier, American basketball player (b. 1977)
  • 2005
    Matti Wuori, Finnish politician (b. 1945)
  • 2007
    Piet Boukema, Dutch jurist and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2008
    Edie Adams, American singer and actress (b. 1927)
  • 2008
    Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca, Turkish poet (b. 1914)
  • 2008
    Jack Narz, American game show host (b. 1922)
  • 2009
    Heinz Versteeg, Dutch footballer in Germany (b. 1939)
  • 2010
    Johnny Sheffield, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 2010
    Mildred Fay Jefferson, American physician and pro-life activist (b. 1926)
  • 2010
    Richard C. Miller, American photographer (b. 1912)
  • 2011
    Betty Driver, British Actress (b. 1920)

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