What happened on October 20? There are more than 283 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About October 20

October 20 In HistoryOctober 20 is the 294th day of the year 2020. There are 72 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Tuesday. This day falls under the 43rd week of the year 2020.

On this day in Amberson, Pennsylvania 17210 sunrise will occur at 07:27 AM and sunset will occur at 06:22 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Libra. The modern birthstone for this month is Opal while the mystical birthstone is Jasper.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 115 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 12, 2021).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the October 22 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For October 20

  • 1548
    The city of Nuestra Señora de La Paz (Our Lady of Peace) is founded by Alonso de Mendoza by appointment of the king of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V.
  • 1720
    Caribbean pirate Calico Jack is captured by the Royal Navy.
  • 1740
    Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony refuse to honour the Pragmatic Sanction and the War of the Austrian Succession begins.
  • 1781
    Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, is approved in Habsburg Monarchy.
  • 1803
    The United States Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1818
    The Convention of 1818 signed between the United States and the United Kingdom which, among other things, settled the Canada – United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length.
  • 1827
    Battle of Navarino – a combined Turkish and Egyptian armada is defeated by British, French, and Russian naval force in the port of Navarino in Pylos, Greece.
  • 1873
    Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules.
  • 1883
    Peru and Chile sign the Treaty of Ancón, by which the Tarapacá province is ceded to the latter, bringing an end to Peru’s involvement in the War of the Pacific.
  • 1904
    Chile and Bolivia sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, delimiting the border between the two countries.
  • 1910
    The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
  • 1917
    The Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet, in charge of preparation and carrying out the Russian Revolution, holds its first meeting.
  • 1935
    The Long March ends.
  • 1939
    Pope Pius XII publishes his first major encyclical entitled Summi Pontificatus.
  • 1941
    World War II: Thousands of civilians in Kragujevac in German-occupied Serbia are killed in the Kragujevac massacre.
  • 1943
    The cargo vessel Sinfra is attacked by Allied aircraft at Suda Bay, Crete, and sunk. 2,098 Italian prisoners of war drown with it.
  • 1944
    General Douglas MacArthur fulfills his promise to return to the Philippines when he commands an Allied assault on the islands, reclaiming them from the Japanese during the Second World War.
  • 1944
    Liquid natural gas leaks from storage tanks in Cleveland, then explodes; the explosion and resulting fire level 30 blocks and kill 130.
  • 1944
    The Soviet Army and Yugoslav Partisans liberate Belgrade, the capital of Yugoslavia
  • 1947
    The House Un-American Activities Committee begins its investigation into Communist infiltration of Hollywood, resulting in a blacklist that prevents some from working in the industry for years.
  • 1947
    United States of America and Pakistan establish diplomatic relations for the first time.
  • 1951
    The “Johnny Bright Incident” occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • 1952
    Governor Evelyn Baring declares a state of emergency in Kenya and begins arresting hundreds of suspected leaders of the Mau Mau Uprising, including Jomo Kenyatta, the future first President of Kenya.
  • 1961
    The Soviet Union performs the first armed test of a submarine-launched ballistic missile, launching an R-13 from a Golf class submarine.
  • 1962
    China launches simultaneous offensives in Ladakh and across the McMahon Line, beginning the Sino-Indian War.
  • 1967
    A purported bigfoot is filmed by Patterson and Gimlin.
  • 1968
    Former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis.
  • 1970
    Siad Barre declares Somalia a socialist state.
  • 1971
    The Nepal Stock Exchange collapses.
  • 1973
    “Saturday Night Massacre”: President Richard Nixon fires U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus after they refuse to fire Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox, who is finally fired by Robert Bork.
  • 1973
    The Sydney Opera House opens.
  • 1976
    The ferry George Prince‘’is struck by a ship while crossing the Mississippi River between Destrehan and Luling, Louisiana. Seventy-eight passengers and crew die and only 18 people aboard the ferry survive.
  • 1977
    A plane carrying Lynyrd Skynyrd crashes in Mississippi, killing lead singer Ronnie Van Zant and guitarist Steve Gaines along with backup singer Cassie Gaines, the road manager, pilot, and co-pilot.
  • 1981
    Two police officers and an armored car guard are killed during an armed robbery in Rockland County, NY, carried out by members of the Black Liberation Army and Weather Underground.
  • 1982
    During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster.
  • 1991
    A 6.8 Mw earthquake strikes the Uttarkashi region of India, killing more than 1,000 people.
  • 1991
    The Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3,469 homes and apartments, causing more than $2 billion in damage.
  • 2011
    The former leader of Libya, Muammar Gaddafi, and his son Moatassem Gaddafi are killed shortly after the battle of Sirte (2011) while in the custody of NTC fighters.

Who Were Born On October 20?

  • 1463
    Alessandro Achillini, Italian philosopher (d. 1512)
  • 1496
    Claude, Duke of Guise, French soldier (d. 1550)
  • 1616
    Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (d. 1680)
  • 1620
    Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (d. 1691)
  • 1632
    Sir Christopher Wren, English architect (d. 1723)
  • 1656
    Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (d. 1746)
  • 1660
    Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1723)
  • 1677
    Stanisław I Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)
  • 1700
    Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans, Duchess of Modena (d. 1761)
  • 1711
    Timothy Ruggles, American politician (d. 1795)
  • 1719
    Gottfried Achenwall, German statistician (d. 1772)
  • 1740
    Isabelle de Charrière, Dutch writer (d. 1805)
  • 1759
    Chauncey Goodrich, American politician (d. 1815)
  • 1780
    Pauline Bonaparte, sister of Napoleon Bonaparte (d. 1825)
  • 1784
    Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, British statesman (d. 1865)
  • 1785
    George Ormerod, British historian and antiquarian (d. 1873)
  • 1801
    Melchior Berri, Swiss architect (d. 1854)
  • 1808
    Karl Andree, German geographer (d. 1875)
  • 1819
    Báb, Persian founder of Bábism and a central figure in the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1850)
  • 1819
    Carl Mikuli, Polish pianist (d. 1897)
  • 1822
    Thomas Hughes, English novelist (d. 1896)
  • 1832
    Constantin Lipsius, German architect (d. 1894)
  • 1854
    Arthur Rimbaud, French poet (d. 1891)
  • 1858
    John Burns, English politician (d. 1943)
  • 1859
    John Dewey, American philosopher (d. 1952)
  • 1864
    James F. Hinkle, American politician (d. 1951)
  • 1873
    Nellie McClung, Canadian feminist (d. 1951)
  • 1874
    Charles Ives, American composer (d. 1954)
  • 1882
    Bela Lugosi, Hungarian-born American actor (d. 1956)
  • 1889
    Margaret Dumont, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1891
    James Chadwick, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1891
    Jomo Kenyatta, Kenyan politician (d. 1978)
  • 1893
    Charley Chase, American comedian (d. 1940)
  • 1894
    Olive Thomas, American actress (d. 1920)
  • 1895
    Rex Ingram, American actor (d. 1969)
  • 1897
    Crown Prince Euimin of Korea (d. 1970)
  • 1900
    Wayne Morse, American politician (d. 1974)
  • 1904
    Anna Neagle, English actress (d. 1986)
  • 1904
    Tommy Clement Douglas, Canadian politician (d. 1986)
  • 1905
    Arnold Luhaäär, Estonian weightlifter (d. 1965)
  • 1905
    Frederic Dannay, American novelist (d. 1982)
  • 1907
    Arlene Francis, American actress and television personality (d. 2001)
  • 1909
    Carla Laemmle, American actress
  • 1909
    Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese painter (d. 1993)
  • 1910
    Bob Sheppard, American sports public address announcer (d. 2010)
  • 1913
    Grandpa Jones, American banjo player and singer (d. 1998)
  • 1913
    J. Michael Hagopian, Turkish-born American documentarian (d. 2010)
  • 1914
    Fayard Nicholas, American dancer (d. 2006)
  • 1917
    Jean-Pierre Melville, French director (d. 1973)
  • 1918
    Robert Lochner, German journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1919
    Tracy Hall, American inventor (d. 2008)
  • 1921
    Hans Warren, Dutch writer (d. 2001)
  • 1922
    John Anderson, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1923
    Robert Craft, American conductor
  • 1925
    Art Buchwald, American humorist (d. 2007)
  • 1925
    Roger Hanin, French actor
  • 1925
    Tom Dowd, American recording engineer (d. 2002)
  • 1927
    Gunturu Seshendra Sarma, Indian poet (d. 2007)
  • 1931
    Mickey Mantle, American baseball player (d. 1995)
  • 1931
    Richard Caliguiri, American politician (d. 1988)
  • 1932
    Rosey Brown, American football player (d. 2004)
  • 1932
    William Christopher, American actor
  • 1934
    Bill Chase, American trumpet player (d. 1974)
  • 1934
    Eddie Harris, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1996)
  • 1934
    Empress Michiko of Japan
  • 1935
    Barrie Chase, American dancer
  • 1935
    Jerry Orbach, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1937
    Juan Marichal, Dominican baseball player
  • 1937
    Wanda Jackson, American rock and rockabilly singer
  • 1938
    Iain Macmillan, Scottish photographer (d. 2006)
  • 1940
    Kathy Kirby, British singer (d. 2011)
  • 1940
    Robert Pinsky, American poet and Poet Laureate of the United States
  • 1942
    Bart Zoet, Dutch cyclist (d. 1992)
  • 1942
    Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, German biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1942
    Earl Hindman, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1943
    Dunja Vejzovic, Croatian soprano
  • 1944
    David Mancuso, American disc jockey
  • 1944
    Nalin de Silva, Sri Lankan theoretical physicist and political analyst
  • 1946
    Elfriede Jelinek, Austrian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1946
    Lewis Grizzard, American writer and humorist (d. 1994)
  • 1946
    Lucien Van Impe, Belgian cyclist
  • 1946
    Richard Loncraine, British film director
  • 1948
    Melih Gökçek, Turkish politician
  • 1948
    Piet Hein Donner, Dutch politician and minister
  • 1950
    Tom Petty, American musician
  • 1951
    Al Greenwood, American rock musician (Foreigner)
  • 1951
    Claudio Ranieri, Italian football player and manager
  • 1951
    Ken Ham, Australian evangelist and businessman
  • 1951
    Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish politician
  • 1951
    Patrick Hall, British politician
  • 1952
    Melanie Mayron, American actress
  • 1953
    Bill Nunn, American actor
  • 1953
    Keith Hernandez, American baseball player
  • 1954
    Günter Müller, German percussionist
  • 1954
    Steve Orich, American composer
  • 1955
    Aaron Pryor, American boxer
  • 1955
    David Profumo, English novelist
  • 1955
    Robert ten Brink, Dutch TV personality and actor
  • 1955
    Thomas Newman, American composer
  • 1956
    Danny Boyle, English film director
  • 1957
    Chris Cowdrey, English cricketer
  • 1957
    Hilda Solis, American politician
  • 1957
    Susanna Haavisto, Finnish actress and singer
  • 1958
    Dave Finlay, Irish professional wrestler
  • 1958
    Dave Krieg, American football player
  • 1958
    Ivo Pogorelic, Croatian pianist
  • 1958
    Lynn Flewelling, American fantasy author
  • 1958
    Mark King, English musician and singer (Level 42)
  • 1958
    Scott Hall, American professional wrestler
  • 1958
    Valerie Faris, American film director
  • 1958
    Viggo Mortensen, American actor
  • 1959
    Mark Little, Australian actor and comedian
  • 1960
    Konstantin Aseev, Russian chess player (d. 2004)
  • 1960
    Lepa Brena, Yugoslav singer
  • 1961
    Ian Rush, Welsh footballer
  • 1961
    Michie Tomizawa, Japanese voice actress
  • 1962
    Dave Wong, Hong Kong/Taiwanese singer-songwriter
  • 1962
    David M. Evans, American screenwriter and film director
  • 1963
    Julie Payette, Canadian astronaut
  • 1963
    Nikos Tsiantakis, Greek footballer
  • 1963
    Stan Valckx, Dutch retired footballer and general football manager
  • 1965
    Jil Caplan, French singer and songwriter
  • 1965
    Mikhail Shtalenkov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1965
    Norman Blake, Scottish musician
  • 1965
    William Zabka, American actor
  • 1966
    Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Jordanian militant and Al-Qaeda figure (d. 2006)
  • 1966
    Allan Donald, South African cricketer
  • 1966
    Fred Coury, American drummer (Cinderella)
  • 1966
    Patrick Volkerding, American computer operating systems developer
  • 1966
    Stefan Raab, German entertainer
  • 1967
    Elizabeth Carling, English actress and singer
  • 1967
    Luck Mervil, Québécois actor and singer
  • 1967
    Luigi Lo Cascio, Italian actor
  • 1967
    Marco Ngai, Hong Kong actor
  • 1968
    Susan Tully, English actress (Eastenders)
  • 1969
    Juan González, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1969
    Lambros Papakostas, Greek high jumper
  • 1969
    Laurie Daley, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1970
    Chavo Guerrero, Jr., American professional wrestler
  • 1970
    Michelle Malkin, American political commentator and author
  • 1970
    Sander Boschker, Dutch footballer
  • 1971
    Dannii Minogue, Australian singer
  • 1971
    Eddie Jones, American basketball player
  • 1971
    Kamiel Maase, Dutch long-distance runner
  • 1971
    Matt Norman, Australian director/producer
  • 1971
    Snoop Dogg, American rapper
  • 1972
    Pie Geelen, Dutch swimmer
  • 1972
    Will Greenwood, England rugby union player
  • 1976
    Nicola Legrottaglie, Italian footballer
  • 1976
    Nikolaos Bacharidis, Greek footballer
  • 1976
    Tom Wisniewski, American guitarist (MxPx)
  • 1977
    Leila Josefowicz, Canadian classical violinist
  • 1977
    Matt Jansen, English footballer
  • 1977
    Sam Witwer, American actor
  • 1978
    Paul Wilson, Scottish bass player (Snow Patrol)
  • 1978
    Virender Sehwag, Indian cricketer
  • 1979
    John Krasinski, American actor
  • 1979
    Paul Ifill, Barbadian footballer
  • 1979
    Paul O'Connell, Irish rugby union player
  • 1980
    Gary Jarman, English musician
  • 1980
    Jose Veras, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980
    Niall Matter, Canadian actor
  • 1981
    Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1981
    Willis McGahee, American football player
  • 1982
    Becky Brewerton, Welsh golfer
  • 1982
    Kristian Bak Nielsen, Dutch footballer
  • 1983
    Luis Saritama, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1983
    Takayuki Yamada, Japanese actor
  • 1984
    Andrew Trimble, Northern Irish rugby player
  • 1984
    Florent Sinama-Pongolle, French footballer
  • 1985
    Alphonso Smith, American football player
  • 1985
    Dominic McGuire, American basketball player
  • 1985
    James Sutton, British racing driver
  • 1985
    Jennifer Nicole Freeman, American actress
  • 1986
    Priyanka Sharma, Indian actress
  • 1986
    Wanlop Saechio, Thai footballer
  • 1987
    Raphael Hackl, German rugby player
  • 1988
    Candice Swanepoel, South African model
  • 1988
    Risa Niigaki, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
  • 1989
    Colin Wilson, Canadian-American ice hockey player
  • 1992
    Ksenia Semenova, Russian gymnast
  • 1994
    Morgan Featherstone, Australian model
  • 1995
    Zhenwei Wang, Chinese actor and martial artist

Who Died On October 20?

  • 460
    Aelia Eudocia, Byzantine Empress
  • 1139
    Henry X, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1570
    João de Barros, Portuguese historian (b. 1496)
  • 1631
    Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1550)
  • 1640
    John Ball, English Puritan clergyman (b. 1585)
  • 1652
    Antonio Coello, Spanish writer (b. 1611)
  • 1713
    Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (b. 1652)
  • 1740
    Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1685)
  • 1842
    Grace Darling, English heroine (b. 1815)
  • 1865
    Champ Ferguson, Confederate guerrilla (b. 1821)
  • 1870
    Michael William Balfe, Irish composer (b. 1808)
  • 1890
    Sir Richard Francis Burton, British explorer and writer (b. 1821)
  • 1900
    Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet (b. 1846)
  • 1907
    Said Pasha Kurd, Kurdish statesman (b. 1834)
  • 1910
    David B. Hill, Governor of New York (b. 1843)
  • 1926
    Eugene Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate (b. 1855)
  • 1935
    Arthur Henderson, Scottish politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1863)
  • 1936
    Anne Sullivan, American teacher (b. 1866)
  • 1940
    Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect (b. 1885)
  • 1953
    Werner Baumbach, German bomber pilot (b. 1916)
  • 1957
    Michalis Dorizas, Greek Olympic medalist (b. 1890)
  • 1964
    Herbert Hoover, 31st President of the United States (b. 1874)
  • 1967
    Yoshida Shigeru, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1878)
  • 1968
    Bud Flanagan, British wartime entertainer (b. 1896)
  • 1972
    Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (b. 1885)
  • 1977
    Members of the American rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd killed in a plane crash: Cassie Gaines (b. 1948)
  • 1977
    Members of the American rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd killed in a plane crash: Ronnie Van Zant (b. 1948)
  • 1977
    Members of the American rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd killed in a plane crash: Steve Gaines (b. 1949)
  • 1978
    Gunnar Nilsson, Swedish race car driver (b. 1948)
  • 1983
    Peter Dudley, British actor (b. 1935)
  • 1983
    Yves Thériault, French Canadian author (b. 1915)
  • 1984
    Carl Ferdinand Cori, Austrian-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)
  • 1984
    Paul Dirac, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1987
    Andrey Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1903)
  • 1988
    Sheila Scott, English aviatrix (b. 1922)
  • 1989
    Anthony Quayle, English actor (b. 1913)
  • 1990
    Joel McCrea, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1992
    Werner Torkanowsky, German conductor (b. 1926)
  • 1993
    Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese painter (b. 1909)
  • 1994
    Burt Lancaster, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1995
    Christopher Stone, American actor (b. 1942)
  • 1999
    Calvin Griffith, Former owner of Washington Senators/Minnesota Twins (b. 1911)
  • 1999
    Jack Lynch, Taoiseach of Ireland (b. 1917)
  • 2001
    Ted Ammon, American financier (b. 1949)
  • 2002
    Barbara Berjer, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 2002
    Bernard Fresson, French actor (b. 1931)
  • 2003
    Jack Elam, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 2003
    Miodrag Petrović, Serbian actor (b. 1924)
  • 2004
    Anthony Hecht, American poet (b. 1923)
  • 2004
    Chuck Hiller, American baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 2005
    Endon Mahmood, First Lady of Malaysia (b. 1941)
  • 2005
    Eva Svankmajerova, Czech artist (b. 1940)
  • 2005
    Shirley Horn, American singer (b. 1934)
  • 2006
    Jane Wyatt, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2007
    Max McGee, American football player (b. 1932)
  • 2007
    Paul Raven, British bass-player (Killing Joke, Ministry) (b. 1961)
  • 2008
    Gene Hickerson, American football player (b. 1935)
  • 2010
    Bob Guccione, American publisher (Penthouse magazine) (b. 1930)
  • 2010
    Parthasarathy Sharma, Indian cricketer (b. 1948)
  • 2011
    Moatassem Gaddafi, Son of Moammar Gaddafi and National Security Adviser of Libya (b. 1977)
  • 2011
    Muammar Gaddafi, Ruler of Libya (b. 1942)
  • 2011
    Tone Pavček, Slovenian poet and translator (b. 1928)

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