What happened on November 21? There are more than 290 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About November 21

November 21 In HistoryNovember 21 is the 326th day of the year 2020. There are 40 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday. This day falls under the 47th week of the year 2020.

On this day in Rociada, New Mexico 87742 sunrise occured at 06:45 AM and sunset occured at 04:50 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Scorpio. The modern birthstone for this month is Topaz while the mystical birthstone is Pearl.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 83 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 12, 2021).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the November 27 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For November 21

  • 164 BC
    Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. This event is commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
  • 235
    Pope Anterus succeeds Pontian as the nineteenth pope. During the persecutions of emperor Maximinus Thrax he is martyred.
  • 1386
    Timur of Samarkand captures and sacks the Georgian capital of Tbilisi, taking King Bagrat V of Georgia captive.
  • 1620
    Plymouth Colony settlers sign the Mayflower Compact (November 11, O.S.).
  • 1783
    In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent, Marquis d'Arlandes, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight.
  • 1789
    North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and is admitted as the 12th U.S. state.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis appoints Judah Benjamin secretary of war.
  • 1877
    Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound.
  • 1894
    Port Arthur, Manchuria falls to the Japanese, a decisive victory of the First Sino-Japanese War, after which Japanese troops massacre the remaining inhabitants of the city.
  • 1905
    Albert Einstein’s paper, Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?, is published in the journal “Annalen der Physik”. This paper reveals the relationship between energy and mass. This leads to the mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc².
  • 1910
    Sailors onboard Brazil’s most powerful military units, including the brand-new warships Ship Brazilian battleship, Ship Brazilian battleship, and Ship Brazilian cruiser, violently rebel in what is now known as the Revolta da Chibata (Revolt of the Lash).
  • 1916
    World War I: A mine explodes and sinks HMHS Britannic in the Aegean Sea, killing 30 people.
  • 1918
    A pogrom takes place in Lwów (now Lviv); over three days, at least 50 Jews and 270 Ukrainian Christians are killed by Poles.
  • 1918
    Flag of Estonia, previously used by pro-independence activists, is formally adopted as national flag of the Republic of Estonia.
  • 1920
    Irish War of Independence: In Dublin, 31 people are killed in what became known as “Bloody Sunday”. This included fourteen British informants, fourteen Irish civilians and three Irish Republican Army prisoners.
  • 1922
    Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first female United States Senator.
  • 1927
    Columbine Mine Massacre: Striking coal miners are allegedly attacked with machine guns by a detachment of state police dressed in civilian clothes.
  • 1942
    The completion of the Alaska Highway (also known as the Alcan Highway) is celebrated (however, the highway is not usable by general vehicles until 1943).
  • 1950
    Two Canadian National Railway trains collide in northeastern British Columbia in the Canoe River train crash. Twenty-one people are killed, seventeen of them Canadian troops bound for Korea.
  • 1953
    The British Natural History Museum announces that the “Piltdown Man” skull, initially believed to be one of the most important fossilized hominid skulls ever found, is a hoax.
  • 1959
    American disc jockey Alan Freed, who had popularized the term “rock and roll” and music of that style, is fired from WABC-AM radio for refusing to deny allegations that he had participated in the payola scandal.
  • 1962
    The Chinese People’s Liberation Army declares a unilateral cease-fire in the Sino-Indian War.
  • 1964
    Second Vatican Council: The third session of the Roman Catholic Church’s ecumenical council closes.
  • 1964
    The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge opens to traffic (at the time it is the world’s longest suspension bridge).
  • 1967
    Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: “I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing.”
  • 1969
    The first permanent ARPANET link is established between UCLA and SRI.
  • 1969
    U.S. President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Sato agree in Washington, D.C. on the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972. Under the terms of the agreement, the U.S. is to retain its rights to bases on the island, but these are to be nuclear-free.
  • 1970
    Vietnam War: Operation Ivory Coast – A joint Air Force and Army team raids the Son Tay prison camp in an attempt to free American prisoners of war thought to be held there.
  • 1971
    Indian troops, partly aided by Mukti Bahini (Bengali guerrillas), defeat the Pakistan army in the Battle of Garibpur.
  • 1972
    Voters in South Korea overwhelmingly approve a new constitution, giving legitimacy to Park Chung-hee and the Fourth Republic.
  • 1974
    The Birmingham Pub Bombings kill 21 people. The Birmingham Six are sentenced to life in prison for the crime but subsequently acquitted.
  • 1977
    Minister of Internal Affairs Allan Highet announces that 'the national anthems of New Zealand shall be the traditional anthem “God Save the Queen” and the poem “God Defend New Zealand”, written by Thomas Bracken, as set to music by John Joseph Woods, both being of equal status as national anthems appropriate to the occasion.
  • 1979
    The United States Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan is attacked by a mob and set on fire, killing four. (see: Foreign relations of Pakistan)
  • 1980
    A deadly fire breaks out at the MGM Grand Hotel in Paradise, Nevada (now Bally’s Las Vegas). 87 people are killed and more than 650 are injured in the worst disaster in Nevada history.
  • 1985
    United States Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard is arrested for spying after being caught giving Israel classified information on Arab nations. He is subsequently sentenced to life in prison.
  • 1986
    Iran-Contra Affair: National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary start to shred documents implicating them in the sale of weapons to Iran and channeling the proceeds to help fund the Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
  • 1990
    The Charter of Paris for a New Europe refocuses the efforts of the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europeon post-Cold War issues.
  • 1995
    The Dayton Peace Agreement is initialed at the Wright Patterson Air Force Base, near Dayton, Ohio, ending three and a half years of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The agreement is formally ratified in Paris, on December 14 that same year.
  • 1996
    Antonio Salinass in San Juan, Puerto Rico kills 33.
  • 2002
    NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • 2004
    The Paris Club agrees to write off 80% (up to $100 billion) of Iraq’s external debt.
  • 2004
    The island of Dominica is hit by the most destructive earthquake in its history. The northern half of the island receives the most damage, especially the town of Portsmouth. It is also felt in neighboring Guadeloupe, where one person is killed.
  • 2004
    The second round of the Ukrainian presidential election is held, giving rise to massive protests and controversy over the election’s integrity.
  • 2006
    Anti-Syrian Lebanese Minister and MP Pierre Gemayel is assassinated in suburban Beirut.
  • 2009
    A mine explosion in Heilongjiang province, northeastern China, kills 108.

Who Were Born On November 21?

  • 1495
    John Bale, English churchman (d. 1563)
  • 1567
    Anne de Xainctonge, French saint (d. 1621)
  • 1643
    René-Robert Cavelier de LaSalle French explorer (d. 1687)
  • 1692
    Carlo Innocenzio Maria Frugoni, Italian poet (d. 1768)
  • 1694
    Voltaire, French philosopher (d. 1778)
  • 1729
    Josiah Bartlett, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1795)
  • 1760
    Joseph Plumb Martin, Soldier in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War (d. 1850)
  • 1761
    Dorothea Jordan, British actress (d. 1816)
  • 1768
    Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologian (d. 1834)
  • 1787
    Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born shipping magnate (d. 1865)
  • 1811
    Zeng Guofan, Chinese military leader (d. 1872)
  • 1818
    Lewis H. Morgan, American anthropologist (d. 1881)
  • 1835
    Hetty Green, American businesswoman (d. 1916)
  • 1840
    Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain and German Empress (d. 1901)
  • 1851
    Désiré-Joseph Mercier, Belgian Cardinal (d. 1926)
  • 1852
    Francisco Tárrega, father of modern classical guitar (d. 1909)
  • 1853
    Hussein Kamal, Sultan of Egypt (d. 1917)
  • 1854
    Pope Benedict XV (d. 1922)
  • 1861
    Tom Horn, American lawman and convicted murderer (d. 1903)
  • 1866
    Konishiki Yasokichi I, Japanese sumo wrestler, 17th Yokozuna (d. 1914)
  • 1866
    Sigbjørn Obstfelder, Norwegian writer (d. 1900)
  • 1870
    Alexander Berkman, American anarchist and writer (d. 1936)
  • 1870
    Joe Darling, Australian cricketer (d. 1946)
  • 1870
    Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (d. 1964)
  • 1876
    Olav Duun, Norwegian writer (d. 1939)
  • 1877
    Sigfrid Karg-Elert, German composer (d. 1933)
  • 1878
    Gustav Radbruch, German law professor (d. 1949)
  • 1886
    Harold Nicolson, British diplomat (d. 1968)
  • 1897
    Mollie Steimer Russian-born American anarchist (d. 1980)
  • 1898
    René Magritte, Belgian painter (d. 1967)
  • 1899
    Jobyna Ralston, American actress (d. 1967)
  • 1902
    Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio pioneer (d. 1985)
  • 1902
    Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish American author, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1902
    Mikhail Suslov, Soviet statesman (d. 1982)
  • 1904
    Coleman Hawkins, American musician (d. 1969)
  • 1908
    Elizabeth George Speare, American author (d. 1994)
  • 1912
    Eleanor Powell, American actress and dancer (d. 1983)
  • 1913
    Roy Boulting, British film director (d. 2001)
  • 1914
    Henri Laborit, French physician, writer, and philosopher (d. 1995)
  • 1916
    Sid Luckman, American football player (d. 1998)
  • 1919
    Steve Brodie, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1920
    Ralph Meeker, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1920
    Stan Musial, American baseball player
  • 1921
    Joonas Kokkonen, Finnish composer (d. 1996)
  • 1922
    Abe Lemons, American basketball coach (d. 2002)
  • 1922
    María Casares, Spanish-born actress (d. 1996)
  • 1923
    Veljko Kadijević, Yugoslav general
  • 1924
    Christopher Tolkien, British author
  • 1924
    Milka Planinc, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (d. 2010)
  • 1925
    Xie Jin, Chinese film director (d. 2008)
  • 1926
    William Wakefield Baum, American Cardinal
  • 1927
    Georgia Frontiere, American professional sports team owner (d. 2008)
  • 1927
    Joseph Campanella, American actor
  • 1929
    Laurier LaPierre, Canadian journalist and politician
  • 1929
    Marilyn French, American feminist writer (d. 2009)
  • 1930
    Marjan Rožanc, Slovenian writer and essayist (d. 1990)
  • 1931
    Lewis Binford, American archaeologist (d. 2011)
  • 1931
    Malcolm Williamson, Australian composer (d. 2003)
  • 1931
    Revaz Dogonadze, Georgian scientist (d. 1985)
  • 1932
    Beryl Bainbridge, British novelist (d. 2010)
  • 1933
    Henry Hartsfield, American astronaut
  • 1934
    Laurence Luckinbill, American actor
  • 1935
    Fairuz, Lebanese singer
  • 1936
    Victor Chang, Australian physician (d. 1991)
  • 1937
    Ingrid Pitt, Polish-born British actress (d. 2010)
  • 1937
    Marlo Thomas, American actress
  • 1939
    Budd Dwyer, American politician (d. 1987)
  • 1940
    Dr. John, American musician
  • 1940
    Freddy Beras Goico, Dominican TV host and comedian (d. 2010)
  • 1940
    Richard Marcinko, American author
  • 1941
    İdil Biret, Turkish pianist
  • 1941
    Juliet Mills, British actress
  • 1942
    Afa Anoa'i, Samoan/American wrestler
  • 1942
    Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul, German politician
  • 1943
    Jacques Laffite, French racing driver
  • 1943
    Larry Mahan, American rodeo cowboy
  • 1943
    Phil Bredesen, American politician and 48th Governor of Tennessee
  • 1943
    Viktor Sidjak, Russian fencer
  • 1944
    Earl Monroe, American basketball player
  • 1944
    Harold Ramis, American actor/director
  • 1944
    Richard Durbin, American politician
  • 1945
    Goldie Hawn, American actress
  • 1946
    Jacky Lafon, Belgian actress
  • 1947
    Nickolas Grace, British actor
  • 1948
    Alphonse Mouzon, American drummer
  • 1948
    George Zimmer, American entrepreneur
  • 1948
    Michel Suleiman, President of Lebanon
  • 1950
    Stephen Geyer, American film and television composer
  • 1952
    Lorna Luft, American actress and singer, daughter of Judy Garland
  • 1954
    Thomas Rothman, American film executive
  • 1955
    Cedric Maxwell, American basketball player
  • 1958
    David Reivers, American actor
  • 1960
    Brian McNamara, American actor
  • 1960
    Brian Ritchie, American musician (Violent Femmes)
  • 1962
    Sabine Busch, German athlete
  • 1962
    Steven Curtis Chapman, American musician
  • 1963
    Nicollette Sheridan, British actress
  • 1964
    Liza Tarbuck, British entertainer
  • 1964
    Olden Polynice, Haitian basketball player
  • 1964
    Shane Douglas, American wrestler
  • 1965
    Alexander Siddig, British actor
  • 1965
    Björk, Icelandic musician
  • 1965
    Reggie Lewis, American basketball player (d. 1993)
  • 1966
    Evgeny Bareev, Russian chess Grandmaster
  • 1966
    Troy Aikman, American football player
  • 1967
    Ken Block, American rally driver
  • 1967
    Toshihiko Koga, Japanese Judoka
  • 1967
    Tripp Cromer, American baseball player
  • 1968
    Alex James, English bassist (Blur)
  • 1968
    Antonio Tarver, American boxer
  • 1968
    Christopher Noxon, American journalist
  • 1968
    Inka Bause, German actress and singer
  • 1968
    Sean Schemmel, American voice actor
  • 1969
    Ken Griffey, Jr., American baseball player
  • 1970
    Justin Langer, Australian cricketer
  • 1971
    Michael Strahan, American football player
  • 1972
    David Tua, Samoan boxer
  • 1972
    Rain Phoenix, American singer/actress
  • 1973
    Brook Kerr, American actress
  • 1973
    Inés Sastre, Spanish model and actress
  • 1974
    Karen Rolton, Australian Cricketer
  • 1975
    Aaron Solowoniuk, Canadian drummer
  • 1975
    Cherie Johnson, American actress
  • 1975
    Chris Moneymaker, American poker player
  • 1976
    Daniel Whiston, British ice skater
  • 1976
    Dasha, Czech adult actress
  • 1976
    Martin Meichelbeck, German footballer
  • 1976
    Michael Wilson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977
    Bruno Berner, Swiss footballer
  • 1977
    Jonas Jennings, American football player
  • 1977
    Myles Heskett, Australian musician (Wolfmother)
  • 1977
    Tobias Sammet, German singer (Edguy)
  • 1977
    Yolande James, Canadian politician
  • 1978
    Daniel Bradshaw, Australian rules footballer
  • 1978
    Lucía Jiménez, Spanish actress
  • 1978
    Sara Tanaka, American actress
  • 1979
    Alex Tanguay, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979
    Kim Dong Wan, Korean singer (Shinhwa)
  • 1979
    Stromile Swift, American basketball player
  • 1979
    Vincenzo Iaquinta, Italian footballer
  • 1980
    Alec Brownstein, American author, director
  • 1980
    Elaine Yiu, Hong Kong actress
  • 1980
    Hank Blalock, American baseball player
  • 1980
    Leonardo González, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1981
    Jonny Magallón, Mexican footballer
  • 1981
    Piet Rinke, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1981
    Wesley Britt, American football player
  • 1982
    Georgios Kalogiannidis, Greek archer
  • 1982
    Ryan Starr, American singer
  • 1983
    Brianna Garcia, American professional wrestler
  • 1983
    Jamie Langley, English rugby player
  • 1983
    Nicole Garcia, American professional wrestler
  • 1984
    Álvaro Bautista, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • 1984
    Callum Ferguson, Australian Cricketer
  • 1984
    Hope Dworaczyk, American model
  • 1984
    Jena Malone, American actress
  • 1985
    Jesús Navas, Spanish footballer
  • 1985
    Nicola Silvestri, Italian footballer
  • 1986
    Ben Bishop, American ice hockey goalie
  • 1986
    Jordan Lloyd, American reality television personality
  • 1987
    Brian Douwes, Dutch kickboxer and martial artist
  • 1987
    Stefan Glarner, Swiss footballer
  • 1988
    Len Väljas, Canadian cross-country skier
  • 1989
    Fabian Delph, English footballer
  • 1992
    Megan and Liz, American musicians
  • 1993
    Elena Myers, American motorcycle racer
  • 2001
    Samantha Bailey, American actress

Who Died On November 21?

  • 496
    Pope Gelasius I
  • 1011
    Reizei, Japanese emperor (b. 950)
  • 1150
    García Ramírez, King of Navarre
  • 1361
    Philip I, Duke of Burgundy (plague) (b. 1346)
  • 1555
    Georg Agricola, German scientist (b. 1490)
  • 1566
    Annibale Caro, Italian poet (b. 1507)
  • 1579
    Thomas Gresham, English merchant and financier
  • 1652
    Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (b. 1585)
  • 1695
    Henry Purcell, English composer
  • 1730
    François de Troy, French portrait artist (b. 1645)
  • 1775
    John Hill, British writer
  • 1782
    Jacques de Vaucanson, French inventor and engineer (b. 1709)
  • 1811
    Heinrich von Kleist, German writer (b. 1777)
  • 1825
    Panos Kolokotronis, Greek fighter in the Greek War of Independence (b. 1800)
  • 1844
    Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (b. 1769)
  • 1859
    Yoshida Shōin, Japanese intellectual (b. 1830)
  • 1861
    Jean-Baptiste Henri Lacordaire, French priest, re-established the Dominican Order (b. 1802)
  • 1870
    Karel Jaromír Erben, Czech writer (b. 1811)
  • 1874
    Mariano Fortuny, Spanish painter (b. 1838)
  • 1881
    Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (b. 1794)
  • 1899
    Garret Hobart, 24th Vice President of the United States (b. 1844)
  • 1907
    Paula Modersohn-Becker, German painter (b. 1876)
  • 1909
    Peder Severin Krøyer, Norwegian-Danish painter (b. 1851
  • 1916
    Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria (b. 1830)
  • 1922
    Ricardo Flores Magón, Mexican anarchist (b. 1874).
  • 1924
    Florence Harding, American First Lady (b. 1860)
  • 1938
    Leopold Godowsky, Polish American pianist (b. 1870)
  • 1941
    Henrietta Vinton Davis American elocutionist and public speaker (b. 1860)
  • 1942
    J. B. M. Hertzog, South African Prime Minister (b. 1866)
  • 1942
    Leopold Graf Berchtold, Austro-Hungarian foreign minister (b. 1863)
  • 1945
    Al Davis, American boxer (b. 1920)
  • 1945
    Alexander Patch, American general (b. 1889)
  • 1945
    Robert Benchley, American writer and actor (b. 1889)
  • 1953
    Larry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1893)
  • 1957
    Francis Burton Harrison, American politician (b. 1873)
  • 1958
    Mel Ott, American baseball player (b. 1909)
  • 1959
    Max Baer, American boxer (b. 1909)
  • 1963
    Robert Stroud, American convicted murderer and ornithologist (b. 1890)
  • 1967
    C. M. Eddy, Jr., American writer (b. 1896)
  • 1969
    Mutesa II of Buganda, President of Uganda (b. 1924)
  • 1970
    Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1887)
  • 1970
    Sir C. V. Raman, Indian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1973
    Thomas Pelly, American politician (b. 1902)
  • 1974
    Frank Martin, Swiss composer (b. 1890)
  • 1974
    John B. Gambling, American radio talk show host (b. 1897)
  • 1975
    Gunnar Gunnarsson, Icelandic writer (b. 1889)
  • 1980
    Sara García, Mexican actress (b. 1895)
  • 1981
    Harry Von Zell, American announcer (b. 1906)
  • 1982
    John Hargrave, British Social Credit advocate (b. 1894)
  • 1986
    Dar Robinson, American film stuntman (b. 1947)
  • 1986
    Jerry Colonna, American comic (b. 1904)
  • 1986
    Marcelino Sanchez, American actor (b. 1957)
  • 1988
    Carl Hubbell, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1988
    Pál Kalmár, Hungarian singer (b. 1900)
  • 1990
    Dean Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1954)
  • 1991
    Sonny Werblin, former owner of the New York Jets (b. 1907)
  • 1992
    Kaysone Phomvihane, President of Laos (b. 1920)
  • 1993
    Bill Bixby, American actor and director (b. 1934)
  • 1994
    Willem Jacob Luyten, Dutch American astronomer (b. 1899)
  • 1995
    Noel Jones, British diplomat (b. 1940)
  • 1995
    Peter Grant, British rock manager and actor (b. 1935)
  • 1996
    Abdus Salam, Pakistani physicist and Nobel laureate (b. 1926)
  • 1999
    Quentin Crisp, British writer and actor (b. 1908)
  • 2000
    Ernest Lluch, Spanish politician (b. 1937)
  • 2001
    King Salahuddin of Malaysia (b. 1926)
  • 2002
    Hadda Brooks, American jazz singer, pianist, and composer (b. 1916)
  • 2005
    Alfred Anderson, Scottish World War I veteran (b. 1896)
  • 2005
    Hugh Sidey, American journalist (b. 1927)
  • 2006
    Hassan Gouled Aptidon, President of Djibouti (b. 1916)
  • 2006
    Kathryn Johnston, American police shooting victim (b. 1914)
  • 2006
    Pierre Amine Gemayel, Lebanese statesman (b. 1972)
  • 2006
    Robert Lockwood, Jr., American blues guitarist (b. 1915)
  • 2007
    Fernando Fernán Gómez, Spanish actor, director and playwright (b. 1921)
  • 2007
    Noel McGregor, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1931)
  • 2007
    Tom Johnson, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1928)
  • 2009
    Konstantin Feoktistov, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1926)
  • 2010
    David Nolan, American politicial activist (b. 1943)
  • 2010
    Margaret Taylor-Burroughs, American artist and writer (b. 1917)
  • 2010
    Norris Church Mailer, American model and widow of Norman Mailer (b. 1949)

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