What happened on November 19? There are more than 280 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About November 19

November 19 In HistoryNovember 19 is the 324th day of the year 2020. There are 42 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Thursday. This day falls under the 47th week of the year 2020.

On this day in Brandy Camp, Pennsylvania 15822 sunrise occured at 07:09 AM and sunset occured at 04:51 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Scorpio. The modern birthstone for this month is Topaz while the mystical birthstone is Pearl.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 85 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 12, 2021).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the November 27 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For November 19

  • 1095
    The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land, begins.
  • 1493
    Christopher Columbus goes ashore on an island he first saw the day before. He names it San Juan Bautista (later renamed Puerto Rico).
  • 1794
    The United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign Jay’s Treaty, which attempts to resolve some of the lingering problems left over from the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1816
    Warsaw University is established.
  • 1847
    The second Canadian railway line, the Montreal and Lachine Railway, is opened.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the military cemetery ceremony at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1881
    A meteorite lands near the village of Grossliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • 1885
    Serbo-Bulgarian War: Bulgarian victory in the Battle of Slivnitsa solidifies the unification between the Kingdom of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia.
  • 1911
    The Doom Bar in Cornwall claimed two ships, Island Maid and Angele, the latter killing the entire crew except the captain.
  • 1912
    First Balkan War: The Serbian Army captures Bitola, ending the five-century-long Ottoman rule of Macedonia.
  • 1916
    Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures.
  • 1941
    World War II: Battle between HMAS Sydney and HSK Kormoran. The two ships sink each other off the coast of Western Australia, with the loss of 645 Australians and about 77 German seamen.
  • 1942
    Mutesa II is crowned the 35th and last Kabaka (king) of Buganda.
  • 1942
    World War II: Battle of Stalingrad – Soviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launch the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR’s favor.
  • 1943
    Holocaust: Nazis liquidate Janowska concentration camp in Lemberg (Lviv), western Ukraine, murdering at least 6,000 Jews after a failed uprising and mass escape attempt.
  • 1944
    World War II: Thirty members of the Luxembourgish resistance defend the town of Vianden against a larger Waffen-SS attack in the Battle of Vianden.
  • 1944
    World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling US$14 billion in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • 1946
    Afghanistan, Iceland and Sweden join the United Nations.
  • 1947
    George VI of the United Kingdom creates Philip Mountbatten the Duke of Edinburgh in preparation for his wedding to George’s elder daughter, Princess Elizabeth, the next day.
  • 1950
    US General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe
  • 1952
    Greek Field Marshal Alexander Papagos becomes the 152nd Prime Minister of Greece.
  • 1954
    Télé Monte Carlo, Europe’s oldest private television channel, is launched by Prince Rainier III.
  • 1955
    National Review publishes its first issue.
  • 1959
    The Ford Motor Company announces the discontinuation of the unpopular Edsel.
  • 1967
    The establishment of TVB, the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong.
  • 1969
    Apollo program: Apollo 12 astronauts Pete Conrad and Alan Bean land at Oceanus Procellarum (the “Ocean of Storms”) and become the third and fourth humans to walk on the Moon.
  • 1969
    Association football player Pelé scores his 1,000th goal.
  • 1977
    TAP Portugal Flight 425 crashes in the Madeira Islands, killing 130.
  • 1979
    Iran hostage crisis: Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the US Embassy in Tehran.
  • 1984
    San Juanico Disaster: A series of explosions at the PEMEX petroleum storage facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec in Mexico City starts a major fire and kills about 500 people.
  • 1985
    Cold War: In Geneva, U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time.
  • 1985
    Pennzoil wins a US$10.53 billion judgment against Texaco, in the largest civil verdict in the history of the United States, stemming from Texaco executing a contract to buy Getty Oil after Pennzoil had entered into an unsigned, yet still binding, buyout contract with Getty.
  • 1985
    Police in Baling, Malaysia, lay siege to houses occupied by an Islamic sect of about 400 people led by Ibrahim Mahmud.
  • 1988
    Serbian communist representative and future Serbian and Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic publicly declares that Serbia is under attack from Albanian separatists in Kosovo as well as internal treachery within Yugoslavia and a foreign conspiracy to destroy Serbia and Yugoslavia.
  • 1990
    Pop group Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award because the duo did not sing at all on the Girl You Know It’s True album. Session musicians had provided all the vocals.
  • 1994
    In the United Kingdom, the first National Lottery draw is held. A £1 ticket gave a one-in-14-million chance of correctly guessing the winning six out of 49 numbers.
  • 1996
    Lt. Gen. Maurice Baril of Canada arrives in Africa to lead a multi-national policing force in Zaire.
  • 1998
    Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.
  • 1998
    Vincent van Gogh’s Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sells at auction for US$71.5 million.
  • 1999
    Shenzhou 1: The People’s Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft.
  • 2002
    The Greek oil tanker Prestige splits in half and sinks off the coast of Galicia, releasing over 20 million US gallons (76,000 m³) of oil in the largest environmental disaster in Spanish and Portuguese history.
  • 2010
    The first of four explosions takes place at the Pike River Mine in New Zealand; 29 people are killed in the nation’s worst mining disaster since 1914.

Who Were Born On November 19?

  • 1464
    Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan (d. 1526)
  • 1563
    Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman (d. 1626)
  • 1597
    Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1660)
  • 1600
    Charles I of England (d. 1649)
  • 1600
    Leo Aitzema, Dutch historian and statesman (d. 1669)
  • 1617
    Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (d. 1655)
  • 1700
    Jean-Antoine Nollet, French abbot and physicist (d. 1770)
  • 1711
    Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian writer and polymath (d. 1765)
  • 1722
    Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (d. 1810)
  • 1722
    Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (d. 1809)
  • 1752
    George Rogers Clark, American military leader (d. 1818)
  • 1770
    Bertel Thorvaldsen, Danish sculptor (d. 1844)
  • 1802
    Solomon Foot, American politician (d. 1866)
  • 1805
    Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat and Suez Canal engineer (d. 1894)
  • 1808
    Janez Bleiweis, Slovenian politician (d. 1881)
  • 1812
    Karl Schwarz, German theologian (d. 1885)
  • 1831
    James A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States (d. 1881)
  • 1833
    Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (d. 1911)
  • 1834
    Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (d. 1924)
  • 1835
    Rani Lakshmibai, Indian Queen (d. 1858)
  • 1843
    Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (d. 1896)
  • 1859
    Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer (d. 1935)
  • 1862
    Billy Sunday, American evangelist (d. 1935)
  • 1875
    Mikhail I. Kalinin, President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (d. 1946)
  • 1876
    Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (d. 1964)
  • 1883
    Ned Sparks, Canadian actor (d. 1957)
  • 1887
    James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1888
    José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban chess player (d. 1942)
  • 1889
    Clifton Webb, American actor (d. 1966)
  • 1892
    Huw Thomas Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician (d. 1970)
  • 1893
    René Voisin, French classical trumpet player (d. 1952)
  • 1894
    Américo Tomás, Portuguese admiral and politician, 14th President of Portugal (d. 1987)
  • 1895
    Evert van Linge, Dutch footballer and architect (d. 1964)
  • 1895
    Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American photographer (d. 1989)
  • 1896
    Georgy Zhukov, Russian general (d. 1974)
  • 1897
    Quentin Roosevelt, son of United States President Theodore Roosevelt (d. 1918)
  • 1898
    Arthur R. von Hippel, German-born physicist (d. 2003)
  • 1898
    Klement Jug, Slovenian philosopher and mountaineer (d. 1924)
  • 1899
    Allen Tate, American poet and critic (d. 1979)
  • 1899
    Grand Ayatollah Abul-Qassim Khoei, influential Shia Islamic scholar (d. 1992)
  • 1900
    Anna Seghers, German writer (d. 1983)
  • 1900
    Bunny Ahearne, Irish ice hockey promoter (d. 1985)
  • 1900
    Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian scientist (d. 1980)
  • 1904
    Nathan Freudenthal Leopold, Jr., American murderer (d. 1971)
  • 1905
    Tommy Dorsey, American bandleader (d. 1956)
  • 1907
    Jack Schaefer, American author (d. 1991)
  • 1909
    Peter Drucker, American management theorist (d. 2005)
  • 1910
    Adrian Conan Doyle, son of Arthur Conan Doyle (d. 1970)
  • 1912
    George Emil Palade, Romanian cell biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1915
    Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr., American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1917
    Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (d. 1984)
  • 1919
    Alan Young, British-born American actor (Mister Ed)
  • 1919
    Gillo Pontecorvo, Italian film director (d. 2006)
  • 1920
    Gene Tierney, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1921
    Peter Ruckman, American Baptist minister
  • 1921
    Roy Campanella, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1922
    Rajko Mitic, Serbian footballer and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1922
    Salil Chowdhury, Indian music composer, poet, writer, dramatist and filmmaker (d. 1995)
  • 1922
    Yuri Knorozov, Russian epigrapher (d. 1999)
  • 1924
    Knut Steen, Norwegian sculptor (d. 2011)
  • 1924
    William Russell, British actor
  • 1925
    Zygmunt Bauman, Polish sociologist
  • 1926
    Jeane Kirkpatrick, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 2006)
  • 1929
    Norman Cantor, Canadian medieval scholar (d. 2004)
  • 1929
    Slavko Avsenik, Slovenian musician
  • 1930
    Kurt Nielsen, Danish tennis player (d. 2011)
  • 1933
    Jerry Sheindlin, American jurist; husband of Judith Sheindlin
  • 1933
    Larry King, American TV personality
  • 1934
    Valentin Kozmich Ivanov, Soviet-Russian footballer (d. 2011)
  • 1935
    Jack Welch, American businessman
  • 1935
    Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian imam (d. 1990)
  • 1936
    Dick Cavett, American talk show host
  • 1936
    Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1938
    Ted Turner, American businessman
  • 1939
    Richard Zare, American chemist
  • 1939
    Tom Harkin, American politician
  • 1941
    Dan Haggerty, American actor
  • 1941
    Tommy Thompson, 42nd U.S. Governor of Wisconsin and 19th Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • 1942
    Calvin Klein, American clothing designer
  • 1942
    Sharon Olds, American poet
  • 1943
    Aurelio Monteagudo, Cuban-born Major League Baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1943
    Fred Lipsius, American musician (Blood, Sweat & Tears)
  • 1944
    Agnes Baltsa, Greek mezzo-soprano
  • 1944
    Dennis Hull, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1945
    Bobby Tolan, American baseball player
  • 1945
    Hans Monderman, Dutch road traffic engineer and innovator (d. 2008)
  • 1947
    Bob Boone, American baseball player and manager
  • 1947
    Lamar S. Smith, American politician
  • 1949
    Ahmad Rashad, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1949
    Amand Theis, German footballer
  • 1949
    Nigel Bennett, English actor
  • 1950
    Peter Biyiasas, Greek-Canadian-American chess grandmaster
  • 1951
    Charles Falconer, Baron Falconer of Thoroton, British politician and former Lord Chancellor and Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England and Great Britain
  • 1951
    Zeenat Aman, Indian actress
  • 1952
    Stephen Soldz, American psychoanalyst and anti-war activist
  • 1953
    Robert Beltran, American actor
  • 1953
    Tom Villard, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1954
    Kathleen Quinlan, American actress
  • 1954
    Rejean Lemelin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955
    Sam Hamm, American screenwriter
  • 1956
    Ann Curry, American journalist and television anchor
  • 1956
    Eileen Collins, American astronaut
  • 1956
    Glynnis O'Connor, American actress
  • 1957
    Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (d. 2000)
  • 1957
    Tom Virtue, American actor
  • 1958
    Michael Wilbon, sports analyst
  • 1958
    Terrence “T.C.” Carson, American actor
  • 1959
    Allison Janney, American actress
  • 1960
    Elizabeth Hulette, American professional wrestling manager (d. 2003)
  • 1960
    Matt Sorum, American musician (The Cult, Guns 'N Roses, Velvet Revolver)
  • 1961
    Jim L. Mora, American football coach
  • 1961
    Meg Ryan, American actress
  • 1962
    Dodie Boy Peñalosa, Philippine boxer
  • 1962
    Jodie Foster, American actress
  • 1962
    Sean Parnell, 12th Governor of Alaska
  • 1963
    Jon Potter, British field hockey player
  • 1963
    Terry Farrell, American actress
  • 1963
    Zsuzsanna Jánosi, Hungarian fencer
  • 1965
    Douglas Henshall, Scottish actor
  • 1965
    Laurent Blanc, French footballer
  • 1966
    Gail Devers, American athlete
  • 1966
    Jason Scott Lee, American actor
  • 1966
    Rocco DiSpirito, American chef
  • 1966
    Shmuley Boteach, American rabbi
  • 1969
    Erika Alexander, American actress
  • 1969
    Philippe Adams, Belgian racing driver
  • 1969
    Richard Virenque, French cyclist
  • 1971
    Alice Peacock, American folk singer
  • 1971
    Jeremy McGrath, American motorcycle racer
  • 1971
    Justin Chancellor, Bassist for the band Tool
  • 1972
    Sandrine Holt, Canadian actress
  • 1973
    Billy Currington, American singer and songwriter
  • 1973
    Django Haskins, American singer, guitarist, and songwriter
  • 1973
    Ryukishi07, Japanese mystery writer
  • 1973
    Savion Glover, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1975
    Sushmita Sen, Indian beauty queen and actress
  • 1975
    Toby Bailey, American basketball player
  • 1976
    Benny Vansteelant, Belgian duathlete (d. 2007)
  • 1976
    Jack Dorsey, Founder of Twitter
  • 1976
    Jun Shibata, Japanese singer and songwriter
  • 1976
    Petr Sýkora, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976
    Robin Dunne, Canadian actor
  • 1976
    Stylianos Venetidis, Greek football player
  • 1977
    Kerri Strug, American gymnast
  • 1978
    Matt Dusk, Canadian jazz musician / vocalist
  • 1978
    Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová, Czech athlete
  • 1979
    John-Ford Griffin, American baseball player
  • 1979
    Keith Buckley, American singer (Every Time I Die)
  • 1979
    Larry Johnson, American football player
  • 1979
    Leam Richardson, English football player
  • 1979
    Ryan Howard, American baseball player
  • 1980
    Adele Silva, English actress
  • 1980
    Courtney Anderson, American football player
  • 1980
    Otis Grigsby, American football player
  • 1980
    Vladimir Radmanovic, Serbian basketball player
  • 1981
    DJ Tukutz, South Korean DJ, producer, songwriter (Epik High)
  • 1981
    Marcus Banks, American basketball player
  • 1983
    Chandra Crawford, Canadian cross-country skier
  • 1983
    Daria Werbowy, Ukrainian-Canadian model
  • 1984
    Dawid Kucharski, Polish football player
  • 1985
    Alex Mack, American football player
  • 1985
    Chris Eagles, English footballer
  • 1986
    Jeannie Ortega, American actress, dancer, and songwriter.
  • 1986
    Jessicah Schipper, Australian swimmer
  • 1986
    Milan Smiljanić, Serbian footballer
  • 1986
    Veronica Scott, American fashion designer
  • 1988
    Patrick Kane, American ice-hockey player
  • 1989
    Roman Sergeevich Trofimov, Russian ski jumper.
  • 1989
    Tyga, American rapper
  • 1990
    Benedikt Schmid, German footballer
  • 1993
    Kerim Frei, Austrian footballer
  • 1997
    McCaughey septuplets, world’s first surviving set of septuplets

Who Died On November 19?

  • 498
    Pope Anastasius II
  • 1478
    Emperor Baeda Maryam of Ethiopia (b. 1448)
  • 1492
    Jami, Persian poet (b. 1414)
  • 1557
    Bona Sforza, Queen of Sigismund I of Poland (b. 1494)
  • 1577
    Matsunaga Hisahide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
  • 1581
    Ivan Ivanovich, son of Ivan IV of Russia (b. 1554)
  • 1630
    Johann Schein, German composer (b. 1586)
  • 1649
    Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (b. 1576)
  • 1665
    Nicolas Poussin, French painter (b. 1594)
  • 1672
    John Wilkins, English Bishop of Chester (b. 1614)
  • 1682
    Prince Rupert of the Rhine, Royalist commander in the English Civil War (b. 1619)
  • 1692
    Thomas Shadwell, English poet and playwright
  • 1703
    The Man in the Iron Mask, French prisoner (Eustache Dauger)
  • 1723
    Antoine Nompar de Caumont, French courtier and soldier (b. 1632)
  • 1772
    William Nelson, American colonial governor of Virginia (b. 1711)
  • 1773
    James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish politician (b. 1722)
  • 1785
    Bernard de Bury, French composer (b. 1720)
  • 1798
    Wolfe Tone, Irish republican (b. 1763)
  • 1804
    Pietro Guglielmi, Italian composer (b. 1728)
  • 1810
    Jean-Georges Noverre, French dancer and ballet master (b. 1725)
  • 1822
    Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)
  • 1823
    Alvin Smith, Brother of Joseph Smith, Jr. (b. 1798)
  • 1828
    Franz Schubert, Austrian composer (b. 1797)
  • 1850
    Richard Mentor Johnson, American politician (b. 1780)
  • 1868
    Ivane Andronikashvili, Georgian general (b. 1798)
  • 1883
    William Siemens, German engineer (b. 1823)
  • 1887
    Emma Lazarus, American poet (b. 1849)
  • 1897
    William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (b. 1810).
  • 1915
    Joe Hill, American labor activist (b. 1879)
  • 1918
    Joseph F. Smith, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1838)
  • 1924
    Thomas Ince, American film director (b. 1882)
  • 1931
    Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (b. 1897)
  • 1938
    Lev Shestov, Russian philosopher (b. 1866)
  • 1942
    Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (b. 1892)
  • 1943
    Miyagiyama Fukumatsu, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 29th Yokozuna (b. 1895)
  • 1949
    James Ensor, Belgian painter and printmaker (b.1860)
  • 1954
    Walter Bartley Wilson, English artist (b. 1870)
  • 1959
    Joseph Charbonneau, archbishop of Montreal (b. 1892)
  • 1960
    Phyllis Haver, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1962
    Grigol Robakidze, Georgian writer (b. 1882)
  • 1967
    Charles J. Watters, American Army chaplain, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1927)
  • 1974
    George Brunies, American musician (b. 1902)
  • 1975
    Roger D. Branigin, American politician (b. 1902)
  • 1976
    Sir Basil Spence, British architect (b. 1907)
  • 1983
    Tom Evans, English bass guitarist (Badfinger) (b. 1947)
  • 1985
    Stepin Fetchit, American actor and dancer (b. 1907)
  • 1988
    Christina Onassis, American-born Greek heiress and socialite (b. 1950)
  • 1989
    Grant Adcox, NASCAR Driver (b. 1950)
  • 1990
    Sun Li-jen, Chinese general (b. 1900)
  • 1992
    Bobby Russell, American songwriter (b. 1941)
  • 1992
    Diane Varsi, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1998
    Alan J. Pakula, American film director (b. 1928)
  • 1998
    Ted Fujita, Japanese-born American meteorologist (b. 1920)
  • 2001
    Marcelle Ferron, Quebec painter and stained glass artist (b. 1924)
  • 2003
    Ian Geoghegan, Australian racing driver (b. 1940)
  • 2004
    George Canseco, Filipino composer (b. 1934)
  • 2004
    Helmut Griem, German actor (b. 1932)
  • 2004
    John Robert Vane, British pharmacologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1927)
  • 2004
    Piet Esser, Dutch sculptor (b. 1914)
  • 2004
    Terry Melcher, American record producer; son of Doris Day (b. 1942)
  • 2005
    Erik Balling, Danish TV and film director (b. 1924)
  • 2007
    Dick Wilson, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2007
    Mike Gregory, English rugby league footballer (b. 1964)
  • 2008
    Gregory Bryant-Bey, American convicted murderer (b. 1955)
  • 2009
    Daul Kim, South Korean fashion model (b. 1989)
  • 2010
    Pat Burns, Canadian ice hockey coach (b. 1952)

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