What happened on May 23? There are more than 279 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About May 23

May 23 In HistoryMay 23 is the 144th day of the year 2020. There are 222 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday. This day falls under the 21st week of the year 2020.

On this day in Bath, Indiana 47010 sunrise occured at 05:17 AM and sunset occured at 07:54 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Gemini. The modern birthstone for this month is Emerald while the mystical birthstone is Sapphire.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 265 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 12, 2021).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the November 30 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For May 23

  • 1430
    Siege of Compiègne: Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne.
  • 1498
    Girolamo Savonarola is burned at the stake in Florence, Italy, on the orders of Pope Alexander VI.
  • 1533
    The marriage of King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.
  • 1568
    Dutch rebels led by Louis of Nassau, brother of William I of Orange, defeat Jean de Ligne, Duke of Aremberg and his loyalist troops in the Battle of Heiligerlee, opening the Eighty Years’ War.
  • 1568
    The Netherlands declare their independence from Spain.
  • 1609
    Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place.
  • 1618
    The Second Defenestration of Prague precipitates the Thirty Years’ War.
  • 1701
    After being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore, Captain William Kidd is hanged in London.
  • 1706
    Battle of Ramillies: John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, defeats a French army under Marshal Villeroi.
  • 1788
    South Carolina ratifies the Constitution as the 8th American state.
  • 1805
    Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned King of Italy with the Iron Crown of Lombardy in the Cathedral of Milan.
  • 1813
    South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador (“The Liberator”).
  • 1829
    Accordion patent granted to Cyrill Demian in Vienna.
  • 1844
    Declaration of the Báb: a merchant of Shiraz announces that he is a Prophet and founds a religious movement that would later be brutally crushed by the Persian government. He is considered to be a forerunner of the Bahá'í Faith, and Bahá'ís celebrate the day as a holy day.
  • 1846
    Mexican-American War: President Mariano Paredes of Mexico unofficially declares war on the United States.
  • 1873
    The Canadian Parliament establishes the North-West Mounted Police, the forerunner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
  • 1900
    American Civil War: Sergeant William Harvey Carney becomes the first African American to be awarded the Medal of Honor, for his heroism in the Assault on the Battery Wagner in 1863.
  • 1907
    The unicameral Parliament of Finland gathers for its first plenary session.
  • 1911
    The New York Public Library is dedicated.
  • 1915
    World War I: Italy joins the Allies after they declare war on Austria-Hungary.
  • 1934
    American bank robbers Bonnie and Clyde are ambushed by police and killed in Black Lake, Louisiana.
  • 1934
    The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the “Battle of Toledo”, a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
  • 1939
    The U.S. Navy submarine USS Squalus sinks off the coast of New Hampshire during a test dive, causing the death of 24 sailors and two civilian technicians. The remaining 32 sailors and one civilian naval architect are rescued the following day.
  • 1945
    World War II: Heinrich Himmler, the head of the SS, commits suicide while in Allied custody.
  • 1945
    World War II: The Flensburg government under Reichspräsident Karl Dönitz is dissolved when its members are captured and arrested by British forces at Flensburg in Northern Germany.
  • 1948
    Thomas C. Wasson, US Consul-General assassinated in Jerusalem.
  • 1949
    The Federal Republic of Germany is established and the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany is proclaimed.
  • 1951
    Tibetans sign the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet with the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1958
    Explorer 1 ceases transmission.
  • 1967
    Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran and blockades the port of Eilat at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping.
  • 1990
    Jordan Mack was born.
  • 1995
    Oklahoma City bombing: In Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, the remains of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building are imploded.
  • 1995
    The first version of the Java programming language is released.
  • 1998
    The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% voting yes.
  • 2002
    The “55 parties” clause of the Kyoto protocol is reached after its ratification by Iceland.
  • 2004
    Part of Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport’s Terminal 2E collapses, killing four people and injuring three others.
  • 2006
    Alaskan stratovolcano Mount Cleveland erupts.
  • 2008
    The International Court of Justice (ICJ) awards Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh) to Singapore, ending a 29-year territorial dispute between the two countries.

Who Were Born On May 23?

  • 1052
    King Philip I of France (d. 1108)
  • 1100
    Emperor Qinzong of China (d. 1161)
  • 1606
    Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish polymath (d. 1682)
  • 1617
    Elias Ashmole, English antiquarian (d. 1692)
  • 1707
    Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist (d. 1778)
  • 1718
    William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (d. 1783)
  • 1729
    Giuseppe Parini, Italian writer (d. 1799)
  • 1734
    Franz Anton Mesmer, Austrian physician/hypnotist (d. 1815)
  • 1741
    Andrea Luchesi, Italian composer (d. 1801)
  • 1790
    Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (d. 1842)
  • 1794
    Ignaz Moscheles, Bohemian composer and piano virtuoso (d. 1870)
  • 1795
    Charles Barry, English architect (d. 1860)
  • 1810
    Margaret Fuller, American journalist and feminist (d. 1850)
  • 1820
    James Buchanan Eads, American engineer and inventor (d. 1887)
  • 1820
    Lorenzo Sawyer, American jurist (d. 1891)
  • 1824
    Ambrose Burnside, American Union Civil War general (d. 1881)
  • 1834
    Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (d. 1890)
  • 1844
    `Abdu'l-Bahá, Iranian religious figure (d. 1921)
  • 1848
    Otto Lilienthal, German aviation pioneer (d. 1896)
  • 1855
    Isabella Ford, English feminist and union activist (d. 1924)
  • 1865
    Epitácio Pessoa, Brazilian politician (d. 1942)
  • 1875
    Alfred P. Sloan, American automotive executive (d. 1966)
  • 1879
    Dezső Lauber, Hungarian sportsman (d. 1966)
  • 1879
    Elizabeth Gunn, New Zealand paediatrician (d. 1963)
  • 1883
    Douglas Fairbanks, American actor (d. 1939)
  • 1884
    Corrado Gini, Italian sociologist (d. 1965)
  • 1887
    Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1888
    Zack Wheat, American baseball player (d. 1972)
  • 1889
    Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)
  • 1890
    Herbert Marshall, English actor (d. 1966)
  • 1891
    Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1893
    Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)
  • 1895
    Billy Smith, English footballer (d. 1956)
  • 1896
    Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Waffen-SS officer (d. 1966)
  • 1898
    Josef Terboven, German Nazi official (d. 1945)
  • 1898
    Scott O'Dell, American author (d. 1989)
  • 1900
    Hans Frank, German lawyer and Nazi official (d. 1946)
  • 1906
    Pran Nath Thapar, Indian military officer (d. 1975)
  • 1908
    Hélène Boucher, French aviatrix (d. 1934)
  • 1908
    John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1910
    Artie Shaw, American clarinetist and bandleader (d. 2004)
  • 1910
    Margaret Wise Brown, American author (d. 1952)
  • 1910
    Scatman Crothers, American actor and musician (d. 1986)
  • 1910
    Sir Hugh Casson, British architect and painter (d. 1999)
  • 1911
    Paul Mayer, German Roman Catholic Cardinal (d. 2010)
  • 1912
    Betty Astell, English actress (d. 2005)
  • 1912
    Jean Françaix, French composer (d. 1997)
  • 1912
    John Payne, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1913
    Ruth Fernández, Puerto Rican singer
  • 1917
    Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist (d. 2008)
  • 1918
    Denis Compton, English cricketer (d. 1997)
  • 1919
    Avraham Drori, Polish-born Israeli politician (d. 1964)
  • 1919
    Betty Garrett, American actress and dancer (d. 2011)
  • 1919
    Robert Bernstein, American comic book writer (d. 1988)
  • 1920
    Helen O'Connell, American singer (d. 1993)
  • 1921
    Humphrey Lyttelton, English musician (d. 2008)
  • 1921
    James Blish, American author (d. 1975)
  • 1923
    Alicia de Larrocha, Spanish pianist (d. 2009)
  • 1923
    Walter Wolfrum, German fighter pilot (d. 2010)
  • 1924
    Clyde King, American baseball player and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1924
    Karlheinz Deschner, German researcher and writer
  • 1925
    Joshua Lederberg, American molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1925
    Mac Wiseman, American musician
  • 1928
    Jeannie Carson, English actress and comedian
  • 1928
    Nigel Davenport, English actor
  • 1928
    Pauline Julien, French Canadian singer (d. 1998)
  • 1928
    Rosemary Clooney, American singer and actress (d. 2002)
  • 1929
    Ulla Jacobsson, Swedish actress (d. 1982)
  • 1930
    Friedrich Achleitner, German poet
  • 1931
    Barbara Barrie, American actress
  • 1933
    Joan Collins, English actress
  • 1934
    Robert Moog, American inventor (d. 2005)
  • 1935
    Lasse Strömstedt, Swedish writer (d. 2009)
  • 1936
    Charles Kimbrough, American actor
  • 1936
    Ingeborg Hallstein, German opera singer
  • 1938
    Peter Preston, English journalist and author
  • 1939
    Jack McCarthy, American poet
  • 1939
    Michel Colombier, French composer and songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1939
    Reinhard Hauff, German film director
  • 1940
    Giles Gordon, Scottish literary agent (d. 2003)
  • 1942
    Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher
  • 1942
    K. Raghavendra Rao, Indian film director
  • 1943
    Alan Walden, American rock music manager and promoter
  • 1943
    General Norman Johnson, American singer (Chairmen of the Board) (d. 2010)
  • 1943
    Vicky Moscholiou, Greek singer (d. 2005)
  • 1944
    John Newcombe, Australian tennis player
  • 1945
    Padmarajan, Indian film director (d. 1991)
  • 1946
    Frederik de Groot, Dutch actor
  • 1946
    H. Paul Shuch, American SETI scientist
  • 1947
    Ann Hui, Hong Kong film director
  • 1947
    Bernard Comrie, English linguist
  • 1947
    Jane Kenyon, American poet (d. 1995)
  • 1948
    Reggie Cleveland, Canadian baseball player
  • 1949
    Alan Garcia, Peruvian politician
  • 1949
    Daniel DiNardo, American Roman Catholic cardinal
  • 1950
    Bruce Hay, Scottish international rugby union player (d. 2007)
  • 1950
    Martin McGuinness, Northern Irish politician
  • 1951
    Anatoly Karpov, Russian chess player
  • 1951
    Antonis Samaras, Greek politician
  • 1952
    Anne-Marie David, French singer
  • 1953
    Dick Stellingwerf, Dutch politician
  • 1954
    Hans Kruize, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1954
    Marvin Hagler, American boxer
  • 1955
    Luka Bloom, Irish singer/songwriter
  • 1956
    Albert Voorn, Dutch equestrian
  • 1956
    Buck Showalter, American baseball player and manager
  • 1956
    Mark Shaw, New Zealand rugby footballer
  • 1956
    Ursula Plassnik, Austrian politician
  • 1957
    Jimmy McShane, Northern Irish singer (Baltimora) (d. 1995)
  • 1957
    Mark Arnold, American actor
  • 1958
    Drew Carey, American actor, comedian, and game show host
  • 1958
    François Feldman, French singer
  • 1958
    Mitch Albom, American writer
  • 1958
    Paul Street, American author and historian
  • 1959
    Bob Mortimer, English comedian
  • 1959
    Marcella Mesker, Dutch tennis player
  • 1959
    Ryuta Kawashima, Japanese neuroscientist
  • 1960
    Linden Ashby, American actor
  • 1961
    Karen Duffy, American actress
  • 1963
    Gregg Hughes, American radio personality (The Opie and Anthony Show)
  • 1963
    Wally Dallenbach Jr., American race car driver and announcer
  • 1964
    Ruth Metzler-Arnold, Swiss politician
  • 1965
    Athanasios Skourtopoulos, Greek basketball player and coach
  • 1965
    Charlie Hayes, American baseball player
  • 1965
    Manuel Sanchís Hontiyuelo, Spanish footballer
  • 1965
    Tom Tykwer, German film director
  • 1966
    Ernst-Paul Hasselbach, Dutch TV host and producer
  • 1966
    Gary Roberts, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966
    Graeme Hick, English cricketer
  • 1967
    Anna Ibrisagic, Swedish politician
  • 1967
    Phil Selway, English drummer (Radiohead)
  • 1968
    Guinevere Turner, American actress
  • 1970
    Bryan Herta, American race car driver
  • 1970
    Matt Flynn, American musician
  • 1970
    Nanette Burstein, American director/producer
  • 1970
    Yigal Amir, Israeli assassin of Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1971
    George Osborne, British Chancellor of the Exchequer
  • 1971
    Laurel Holloman, American actress
  • 1972
    Rubens Barrichello, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1973
    Jacopo Gianninoto, Italian musician
  • 1973
    Maxwell, American singer
  • 1973
    Mirjam Sterk, Dutch politician
  • 1973
    Ron Trent, American DJ and producer
  • 1974
    Charlie Yeung, Hong Kong actress and singer
  • 1974
    Jewel, American singer
  • 1974
    Ken Jennings, American game show contestant
  • 1974
    Mónica Naranjo, Spanish singer
  • 1975
    Kim Sung-soo, South Korean actor
  • 1976
    Kelly Monaco, American actress
  • 1976
    Ricardinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977
    Annabel Kosten, Dutch freestyle swimmer
  • 1977
    Ilia Kulik, Russian figure skater
  • 1978
    Carolyn Moos, American model and professional basketball player
  • 1978
    Mike González, American baseball player
  • 1978
    Scott Raynor, American drummer (blink-182)
  • 1979
    Brian Campbell, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979
    Kirk Saarloos, American baseball player
  • 1979
    Rasual Butler, American basketball player
  • 1980
    Gary Brackett, American football player
  • 1980
    Lane Garrison, American actor
  • 1980
    Theofanis Gekas, Greek footballer
  • 1981
    Gwenno Saunders, Welsh dancer and singer (The Pipettes)
  • 1982
    Cyrill Gloor, Swiss footballer
  • 1982
    Malene Mortensen, Danish singer
  • 1982
    Tristan Prettyman, American musician
  • 1983
    Alex Shelley, American professional wrestler
  • 1983
    Heidi Range, English singer (Sugababes)
  • 1984
    Adam Wylie, American actor
  • 1984
    Sam Milby, Filipino-American actor and commercial model
  • 1985
    Ross Wallace, Scottish footballer
  • 1985
    Wim Stroetinga, Dutch racing cyclist
  • 1986
    Ruben Zadkovich, Australian footballer
  • 1988
    Morgan Pressel, American golfer
  • 1991
    Lena Meyer-Landrut, German singer-songwriter

Who Died On May 23?

  • 1125
    Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1081)
  • 1304
    Jehan de Lescurel, French poet and composer
  • 1498
    Girolamo Savonarola, Italian religious reformer and ruler of Florence (b. 1452)
  • 1523
    Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (b. 1466)
  • 1524
    Ismail I, Shah of Persia (b. 1487)
  • 1662
    John Gauden, English bishop and writer (b. 1605)
  • 1670
    Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1610)
  • 1691
    Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (b. 1622)
  • 1701
    William “Captain” Kidd, Scottish pirate (b. 1645)
  • 1749
    Graf Valentin Potocki, Polish Jewish nobleman
  • 1752
    William Bradford, English-born printer (b. 1663)
  • 1754
    John Wood, the Elder, English architect (b. 1704)
  • 1783
    James Otis, American lawyer and patriot (b. 1725)
  • 1786
    Móric Benyovszky Hungarian count (b. 1746)
  • 1813
    Geraud Duroc, French general (b. 1772)
  • 1815
    Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg, American clergyman and botanist (b. 1753)
  • 1825
    Ras Gugsa of Yejju, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1841
    Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1765)
  • 1846
    Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (b. 1778)
  • 1855
    Charles Robert Malden, English explorer (b. 1797)
  • 1857
    Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician (b. 1789)
  • 1868
    Kit Carson, American trapper, scout, and Indian agent (b. 1809)
  • 1886
    Leopold von Ranke, German historian (b. 1795)
  • 1893
    Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman (b. 1805)
  • 1895
    Franz Ernst Neumann, German mineralogist and physicist (b. 1798)
  • 1906
    Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian writer (b. 1828)
  • 1908
    François Coppée, French poet and novelist (b. 1842)
  • 1920
    Svetozar Boroević, Austrian field marshal (b. 1856)
  • 1934
    Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (b. 1910)
  • 1934
    Clyde Barrow, American outlaw (b. 1909)
  • 1937
    John D. Rockefeller, American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1839)
  • 1945
    Heinrich Himmler, Nazi official (b. 1900)
  • 1949
    Jan Frans De Boever, Belgian painter (b. 1872)
  • 1965
    Earl Webb, American baseball player (b. 1897)
  • 1966
    Demchugdongrub, Mongolian politician (b. 1902)
  • 1967
    Lionel Groulx, French Canadian priest and historian (b. 1878)
  • 1975
    Moms Mabley, American comedian (b. 1894)
  • 1981
    David Lewis, Canadian labour lawyer and politician (b. 1909)
  • 1981
    Gene Green, American baseball player (b. 1933)
  • 1981
    George Jessel, American actor (b. 1898)
  • 1981
    Rayner Heppenstall, English novelist (b. 1911)
  • 1986
    Sterling Hayden, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 1988
    Aya Kitō, Japanese diarist (b. 1962)
  • 1989
    Georgy Tovstonogov, Russian theatre director (b. 1915)
  • 1989
    Karl Koch, West German hacker (b. 1965)
  • 1991
    Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist and composer (b. 1895)
  • 1992
    Giovanni Falcone, Italian judge (b. 1939)
  • 1992
    Kostas Davourlis, Greek footballer (b. 1948)
  • 1994
    Joe Pass, American jazz guitarist (b. 1929)
  • 1994
    Ray Candy, American professional wrestler (b. 1951)
  • 1998
    Eminem, American Musician (b. 1972)
  • 1999
    Owen Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1965)
  • 2002
    Sam Snead, American golfer (b. 1912)
  • 2003
    Jean Yanne, French actor and director (b. 1933)
  • 2004
    Ramon Margalef, Spanish scientist (b. 1919)
  • 2005
    Fat-Tone, American rapper (b. 1981)
  • 2006
    Clifford Antone, American businessman (b. 1949)
  • 2006
    Ian Copeland, American music promoter (b. 1949)
  • 2006
    Kazimierz Górski, Polish footballer (b. 1921)
  • 2006
    Lloyd Bentsen, American politician (b. 1921)
  • 2008
    Iñaki Ochoa de Olza, Spanish mountaineer (b. 1967)
  • 2008
    Utah Phillips, American folksinger and activist (b. 1935)
  • 2009
    Roh Moo-hyun, 16th President of the Republic of Korea (b. 1946)
  • 2010
    Gane Todorovoski, Macedonian literary critic, poet, & publicist (b. 1929)
  • 2010
    José Lima, Dominican baseball player (b. 1972)
  • 2010
    Leonida Georgievna, Grand Duchess of Russia (b. 1914)
  • 2010
    Simon Monjack, English actor, producer, & writer (b. 1970)

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