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What happened on March 31? There are more than 295 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About March 31

March 31 In HistoryMarch 31 is the 90th day of the year 2018. There are 275 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday. This day falls under the 13th week of the year 2018.

On this day in Pine, Arizona 85544 sunrise occured at 12:13 PM and sunset occured at 12:46 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Aries. The modern birthstone for this month is Aquamarine while the mystical birthstone is Jade.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 311 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 5, 2019).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the November 19 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For March 31

  • 307
    After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Maximian.
  • 1146
    Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade.
  • 1492
    Queen Isabella of Castille issues the Alhambra decree, ordering her 150,000 Jewish subjects to convert to Christianity or face expulsion.
  • 1717
    A sermon on “The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ” by Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor, provokes the Bangorian Controversy.
  • 1774
    American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain orders the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed pursuant to the Boston Port Act.
  • 1822
    The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following an attempted rebellion, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.
  • 1854
    Commodore Matthew Perry signs the Treaty of Kanagawa with the Japanese government, opening the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade.
  • 1866
    The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile.
  • 1877
    The family with samurai antecedents that responded to the Saigō army in Ōita Nakatsu, rebels.
  • 1885
    The United Kingdom establishes a protectorate over Bechuanaland.
  • 1889
    The Eiffel Tower is officially opened.
  • 1903
    Richard Pearse allegedly makes a powered flight in an early aircraft.
  • 1906
    The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (later the National Collegiate Athletic Association) is established to set rules for college sports in the United States.
  • 1909
    Serbia accepts Austrian control over Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • 1910
    Six North Staffordshire Pottery towns federate to form modern Stoke-on-Trent.
  • 1917
    The United States takes possession of the Danish West Indies after paying $25 million to Denmark, and renames the territory the United States Virgin Islands.
  • 1918
    Daylight saving time goes into effect in the United States for the first time.
  • 1918
    Massacre of ethnic Azerbaijanis is committed by allied armed groups of Armenian Revolutionary Federation and Bolsheviks. Nearly 12,000 Azerbaijani Muslims are killed.
  • 1921
    The Royal Australian Air Force is formed.
  • 1930
    The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film, in the U.S., for the next thirty eight years.
  • 1931
    An earthquake destroys Managua, Nicaragua, killing 2,000.
  • 1931
    TWA Flight 599 crashes near Bazaar, Kansas killing 8 including Knute Rockne, head football coach at the University of Notre Dame
  • 1933
    The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission of relieving rampant unemployment.
  • 1942
    World War II: Japanese forces invade Christmas Island, then a British possession.
  • 1945
    World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1, the world’s first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft, to the Americans, the first to fall into Allied hands.
  • 1949
    The Dominion of Newfoundland joins the Canadian Confederation and becomes the 10th Province of Canada.
  • 1951
    Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.
  • 1957
    Elections to the Territorial Assembly of the French colony Upper Volta are held. After the elections PDU and MDV form a government.
  • 1958
    In the Canadian federal election, the Progressive Conservatives, led by John Diefenbaker, win the largest percentage of seats in Canadian history, with 208 seats of 265.
  • 1959
    The 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, crosses the border into India and is granted political asylum.
  • 1964
    A coup d'état in Brazil establishes a military government, under the aegis of general Castello Branco.
  • 1965
    An Iberia Airlines Convair 440 crashes into the sea on approach to Tangier, killing 47 of 51 occupants.
  • 1966
    The Soviet Union launches Luna 10 which later becomes the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon.
  • 1970
    Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth’s atmosphere after 12 years in orbit.
  • 1970
    Nine terrorists from the Japanese Red Army hijack Japan Airlines Flight 351 at Tokyo International Airport, wielding samurai swords and carrying a bomb.
  • 1979
    The last British soldier leaves the Maltese Islands. Malta declares its Freedom Day (Jum il-Helsien).
  • 1980
    The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad operates its final train after being ordered to liquidate its assets because of bankruptcy and debts owed to creditors.
  • 1985
    The first WrestleMania, the biggest wrestling event from the WWE (then the WWF), takes place in Madison Square Garden in New York.
  • 1986
    A Mexicana Boeing 727 en route to Puerto Vallarta erupts in flames and crashes in the mountains northwest of Mexico City, killing 166.
  • 1986
    Six metropolitan county councils are abolished in England.
  • 1990
    200,000 protestors take to the streets of London to protest against the newly introduced Poll Tax.
  • 1991
    Georgian independence referendum, 1991: nearly 99 percent of the voters support the country’s independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1991
    The Islamic Constitutional Movement, or Hadas, is established in Kuwait.
  • 1992
    The USS Missouri, the last active United States Navy battleship, is decommissioned in Long Beach, California.
  • 1994
    Human evolution: The journal Nature reports the finding in Ethiopia of the first complete Australopithecus afarensis skull.
  • 1995
    Selena, an American singer, was murdered by her friend and employee of her boutiques Yolanda Saldívar who was embezzling money from the establishments. The event was named “Black Friday” by Hispanics.
  • 2004
    Iraq War in Anbar Province - In Fallujah, Iraq, 4 American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed after being ambushed.

Who Were Born On March 31?

  • 250
    Constantius Chlorus, Roman Emperor (d. 306)
  • 1360
    Philippa of Lancaster, queen of Portugal (d. 1415)
  • 1425
    Bianca Maria Visconti, Duchess of Milan (d. 1468)
  • 1499
    Pope Pius IV (d. 1565)
  • 1504
    Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh guru (d. 1552)
  • 1519
    King Henry II of France (d. 1559)
  • 1536
    Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese shogun (d. 1565)
  • 1576
    Louise Juliana of Nassau, Regent of Bohemia (d. 1644)
  • 1596
    René Descartes, French philosopher, mathematician (d. 1650)
  • 1621
    Andrew Marvell, English poet (d. 1678)
  • 1651
    Karl II, Elector Palatine (d. 1685)
  • 1675
    Pope Benedict XIV (d. 1758)
  • 1718
    Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain (d. 1781)
  • 1723
    King Frederick V of Denmark (d. 1766)
  • 1730
    Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (d. 1783)
  • 1732
    Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer (d. 1809)
  • 1777
    Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (d. 1859)
  • 1778
    Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (d. 1858)
  • 1794
    Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, American politician and cabinet member (d. 1852)
  • 1809
    Edward FitzGerald, English poet (d. 1883)
  • 1809
    Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol, Ukrainian-born Russian writer (d. 1852)
  • 1809
    Otto Lindblad, Swedish composer (d. 1864)
  • 1819
    Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, German statesman (d. 1901)
  • 1823
    Mary Boykin Chesnut, American author (d. 1886)
  • 1847
    Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (d. 1878)
  • 1855
    Alfred E. Hunt, American entrepreneur (d. 1899)
  • 1871
    Arthur Griffith, Irish politician (d. 1922)
  • 1872
    Alexandra Kollontai, Russian statesman (d. 1952)
  • 1872
    Sergei Diaghilev, Russian ballet impresario (d. 1929)
  • 1876
    Borisav Stanković, Serbian writer (d. 1927)
  • 1878
    Jack Johnson, American boxer (d. 1946)
  • 1884
    Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-born American astronomer (d. 1946)
  • 1885
    Pascin, Bulgarian painter (d. 1930)
  • 1890
    William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1891
    Victor Varconi, Hungarian film actor (d. 1976)
  • 1893
    Clemens Krauss, Austrian conductor (d. 1954)
  • 1895
    Vardis Fisher, American author (d. 1968)
  • 1906
    Shin'ichiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1907
    Eddie Quillan, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1908
    Red Norvo, American jazz vibraphonist (d. 1999)
  • 1911
    Elisabeth Grümmer, German soprano (d. 1986)
  • 1912
    William Lederer, American writer (d. 2009)
  • 1914
    Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1915
    Albert Hourani, English historian (d. 1993)
  • 1915
    Shoichi Yokoi, Japanese military man (d. 1997)
  • 1916
    John H. Wood, Jr., American jurist (d. 1979)
  • 1916
    Lucille Bliss, American voice actress
  • 1919
    Frank Akins, American football player (d. 1993)
  • 1920
    Deborah Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, English noble
  • 1922
    Richard Kiley, American actor and singer (d. 1999)
  • 1924
    Charles Guggenheim, American film director and producer (d. 2002)
  • 1924
    Leo Buscaglia, American author (d. 1998)
  • 1925
    Jean Coutu, French Canadian actor (d. 1999)
  • 1926
    John Fowles, English author (d. 2005)
  • 1927
    César Chávez, American labor activist (d. 1993)
  • 1927
    William Daniels, American actor
  • 1928
    Gordie Howe, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1928
    Lefty Frizzell, American singer and songwriter (d. 1975)
  • 1929
    Bertram Fields, American lawyer
  • 1929
    Liz Claiborne, Belgian-born American fashion designer (d. 2007)
  • 1931
    Miller Barber, American golfer
  • 1932
    John Jakes, American writer
  • 1932
    Nagisa Oshima, Japanese film director
  • 1933
    Nichita Stănescu, Romanian poet (d. 1983)
  • 1934
    Carlo Rubbia, Italian physicist, Nobel Laureate
  • 1934
    John D. Loudermilk, American singer and songwriter
  • 1934
    Richard Chamberlain, American actor
  • 1934
    Shirley Jones, American singer and actress
  • 1935
    Herb Alpert, American trumpeter and band leader
  • 1935
    Judith Rossner, American author
  • 1936
    Bob Pulford, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1936
    Dokumamushi Sandayu, Japanese actor
  • 1936
    Marge Piercy, American writer
  • 1938
    Arthur B. Rubinstein, American composer
  • 1938
    Bill Hicke, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 1938
    David Steel, Scottish politician
  • 1938
    Michiko Nomura, Japanese voice actor
  • 1938
    Sheila Dikshit, Indian statesman
  • 1939
    Volker Schlöndorff, German film director
  • 1939
    Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Georgian politician (d. 1993)
  • 1940
    Barney Frank, American politician
  • 1940
    Patrick Leahy, American politician
  • 1941
    Franco Bonvicini, also known as Bonvi, Italian comic book artist (Sturmtruppen, Nick Carter) (d. 1995)
  • 1942
    Michael Savage, American radio host and political commentator
  • 1942
    Ulla Hoffmann, Swedish politician
  • 1943
    Christopher Walken, American actor
  • 1944
    Mick Ralphs, English guitarist (Mott the Hoople, Bad Company)
  • 1944
    Pascal Danel, French singer and songwriter
  • 1945
    Gabe Kaplan, American actor and comedian
  • 1945
    Myfanwy Talog, Welsh actress (d. 1995)
  • 1945
    Valerie Curtin, American actress, writer, and producer
  • 1946
    Gonzalo Márquez, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1984)
  • 1947
    César Gaviria Trujillo, Colombian politician
  • 1947
    Kristian Blak, Danish musician and recording executive
  • 1948
    Al Gore, 45th Vice President of the United States and Nobel laureate
  • 1948
    Gustaaf Van Cauter, Belgian cyclist
  • 1948
    Rhea Perlman, American actress
  • 1950
    András Adorján, Hungarian chess player
  • 1950
    Ed Marinaro, American football player and actor
  • 1951
    Frankie Sabath, Puerto Rican performer/singer
  • 1952
    Dermot Morgan, Irish actor and comedian (d. 1998)
  • 1955
    Angus Young, Scottish-born Australian guitarist (AC/DC)
  • 1955
    Robert Vance, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1957
    Alan Duncan, British politician
  • 1957
    Kyle Secor, American actor
  • 1957
    Marc McClure, American actor
  • 1958
    Tony Cox, American actor
  • 1959
    Ali McMordie, Irish bassist (Stiff Little Fingers)
  • 1959
    Markus Hediger, Swiss poet and translator
  • 1960
    Michelle Nicastro, American actress and singer (d. 2010)
  • 1962
    John Taylor, American football player
  • 1963
    Paul Mercurio, Australian actor/dancer
  • 1964
    Fez Marie Whatley, American radio host and comedian
  • 1964
    Paul Wong Koon-Chung, Hong Kong musician (Beyond)
  • 1965
    Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer (d. 2006)
  • 1965
    Steven T. Seagle, American comic-book writer
  • 1965
    Tom Barrasso, American ice hockey player
  • 1966
    Nick Firestone, American race car driver
  • 1966
    Roger Black, English athlete
  • 1968
    J.R. Reid, American basketball player
  • 1968
    Naoya Ogawa, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1969
    Nyamko Sabuni, Swedish politician
  • 1969
    Samantha Brown, American television host
  • 1969
    Steve Smith, American basketball player
  • 1971
    Craig McCracken, American Animator
  • 1971
    Demetris Assiotis, Greek-Cypriot footballer
  • 1971
    Ewan McGregor, Scottish actor
  • 1971
    Pavel Bure, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1972
    Alejandro Amenábar, Spanish film director
  • 1972
    Andrew Bowen, American actor
  • 1972
    Hristos Polihroniou, Greek hammer thrower
  • 1972
    Luca Gentili, Italian footballer
  • 1972
    Ze Frank, American internet personality
  • 1974
    Benjamin Eicher, Swiss film director
  • 1974
    Stefan Olsdal, Swedish bassist (Placebo)
  • 1975
    Adam Green, American film director
  • 1975
    Emma Atkins, English actress
  • 1975
    Prodromos Dreliozis, Greek basketball player
  • 1976
    Ashton Moore, American porn actress
  • 1976
    Josh Saviano, American actor
  • 1977
    Garth Tander, Australian racing driver
  • 1977
    Toshiya, Japanese musician (Dir en grey)
  • 1978
    Jérôme Rothen, French footballer
  • 1978
    Stephen Clemence, English footballer
  • 1978
    Tony Yayo, American rapper
  • 1979
    Josh Kinney, American baseball player
  • 1980
    Chien-Ming Wang, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1980
    Dean Clark, English footballer
  • 1980
    Maaya Sakamoto, Japanese voice actor/Singer
  • 1980
    Michael Ryder, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981
    Gerard McCarthy, British actor
  • 1981
    Maarten van der Weijden, Dutch swimmer
  • 1981
    Pa Dembo Tourray, Gambian footballer
  • 1981
    Ryan Bingham, American singer/songwriter
  • 1982
    Audrey Kawasaki, American painter
  • 1982
    Lennon Murphy, American rock singer/songwriter
  • 1982
    Ryland Blackinton, American guitarist (Cobra Starship)
  • 1982
    Tal Ben Haim, Israeli footballer
  • 1983
    Paddy McCarthy, Irish footballer
  • 1983
    Vlasios Maras, Greek gymnast
  • 1984
    Alberto Junior Rodríguez, Peruvian footballer
  • 1984
    Dario Bova, Italian footballer
  • 1984
    David Clarkson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984
    Eddie Johnson, American soccer player
  • 1984
    James Jones, American football player
  • 1984
    Yanin Vismistananda, Thai actress
  • 1985
    Jessica Szohr, American actress
  • 1987
    Eros Pisano, Italian footballer
  • 1987
    Humpy Koneru, Indian chess grandmaster
  • 1987
    Nordin Amrabat, Dutch footballer
  • 1988
    Hogan Ephraim, English footballer
  • 1988
    Louis van der Westhuizen, Namibian cricketer
  • 1989
    Liu Zige, Chinese swimmer

Who Died On March 31?

  • 1074
    Regency Yorimichi Fujiwara of Japan (b. 992)
  • 1340
    Ivan I of Russia, Prince of Moscow (b. 1288)
  • 1547
    Francis I of France (b. 1494)
  • 1567
    Philipp I of Hesse (b. 1504)
  • 1621
    King Philip III of Spain (b. 1578)
  • 1631
    John Donne, English writer and prelate (b. 1572)
  • 1671
    Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (b. 1637)
  • 1703
    Johann Christoph Bach, German composer (b. 1642)
  • 1723
    Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British-born U.S. state governor (b. 1661)
  • 1727
    Sir Isaac Newton, English mathematician and physicist (b. 1643)
  • 1741
    Pieter Burmann the Elder, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1668)
  • 1783
    Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Russian statesman (b. 1718)
  • 1797
    Olaudah Equiano, Nigerian slave (b.1745)
  • 1837
    John Constable, English painter (b. 1776)
  • 1850
    John C. Calhoun, 7th Vice President of the United States (b. 1782)
  • 1855
    Charlotte Brontë, English author (b. 1816)
  • 1877
    Antoine Augustin Cournot, French mathematician (b. 1801)
  • 1880
    Henryk Wieniawski, Polish composer (b. 1835)
  • 1885
    Franz Wilhelm Abt, German composer (b. 1819)
  • 1913
    J. P. Morgan, American financier (b. 1837)
  • 1915
    Wyndham Halswelle, Scottish athlete (b. 1882)
  • 1917
    Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1854)
  • 1924
    George Charles Haité, English designer, painter and illustrator (b.1855)
  • 1930
    Ludwig Schüler, German politician (b. 1836)
  • 1931
    Knute Rockne, American football coach (b. 1888)
  • 1935
    Concordia Selander, Swedish actress (b. 1861)
  • 1935
    Georges V. Matchabelli, Russian-born perfumer (b. 1885)
  • 1944
    Mineichi Koga, Japanese admiral (b. 1885)
  • 1945
    Anne Frank, German-born diarist (b. 1929)
  • 1945
    Frank Findlay, New Zealand politician (b. 1884)
  • 1945
    Hans Fischer, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1952
    Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (b. 1877)
  • 1956
    Ralph DePalma, Italian-born race car driver (b. 1884)
  • 1968
    Grover Lowdermilk, American baseball player (b. 1885)
  • 1972
    Meena Kumari, Indian actress (b. 1932)
  • 1975
    Percy Alliss, English Golfer (b. 1897)
  • 1976
    Paul Strand, American photographer and filmmaker (b. 1890)
  • 1978
    Charles Best, Canadian medical scientist (b. 1899)
  • 1980
    Jesse Owens, American athlete (b. 1913)
  • 1980
    Vladimír Holan, Czech poet (b. 1905)
  • 1981
    Enid Bagnold, British playwright (b. 1889)
  • 1983
    Christina Stead, Australian writer (b. 1902)
  • 1984
    Ronald Clark O'Bryan, American murderer (b. 1944)
  • 1986
    Jerry Paris, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1986
    O'Kelly Isley, Jr., American singer (The Isley Brothers) (b. 1937)
  • 1988
    William McMahon, 20th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1908)
  • 1993
    Brandon Lee, American actor (b. 1965)
  • 1993
    Chichay, Filipino actress (b. 1918)
  • 1993
    Mitchell Parish, American lyricist (b. 1900)
  • 1995
    Selena, an American singer (b. 1971)
  • 1996
    Jeffrey Lee Pierce, American musician (The Gun Club) (b. 1958)
  • 1998
    Bella Abzug, American politician (b. 1920)
  • 1998
    Tim Flock, American race car driver (b. 1924)
  • 1999
    Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist (b. 1922)
  • 2001
    Clifford Shull, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1915)
  • 2001
    David Rocastle, English footballer (b. 1967)
  • 2002
    Barry Took, British comedian (b. 1928)
  • 2002
    Moturu Udayam, Indian women’s activist (b. 1924)
  • 2003
    Anne Gwynne, American film actress (b. 1918)
  • 2003
    H.S.M. Coxeter, English-born geometer (b. 1907)
  • 2003
    Tommy Seebach, Danish singer (b. 1949)
  • 2004
    Scott Helvenston, American Navy SEAL and Blackwater Contractor (b. 1965)
  • 2005
    Frank Perdue, American poultry farmer (b. 1920)
  • 2005
    Justiniano Montano, Filipino politician (b. 1905)
  • 2005
    Stanley J. Korsmeyer, American oncologist (b. 1951)
  • 2005
    Terri Schiavo, American figure in right-to-die case (b. 1963)
  • 2006
    Angela Devi, American adult model (b. 1975)
  • 2006
    Jackie McLean, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1931)
  • 2007
    Paul Watzlawick, Austrian-born theoreticist (b. 1921)
  • 2008
    Bill Keightley (Mr. Wildcat), American basketball equipment manager (b. 1926)
  • 2008
    Jules Dassin, American film director (b. 1911)
  • 2009
    Choor Singh, Singaporean judge (b. 1911)
  • 2009
    Jarl Alfredius, Swedish news anchor (b. 1943)
  • 2009
    Raúl Alfonsín, former President of Argentina (b. 1927)
  • 2010
    Shirley Mills, American actress (b. 1926)


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