What happened on March 23? There are more than 267 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About March 23

March 23 In HistoryMarch 23 is the 82nd day of the year 2021. There are 283 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Tuesday. This day falls under the 12th week of the year 2021.

On this day in Moundville, Missouri 64771 sunrise occured at 07:15 AM and sunset occured at 07:33 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Aries. The modern birthstone for this month is Aquamarine while the mystical birthstone is Jade.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 315 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 1, 2022).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the August 6 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For March 23

  • 1400
    The Tran Dynasty of Vietnam is deposed after one hundred and seventy-five years of rule by Ho Quy Ly, a court official.
  • 1708
    James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth.
  • 1775
    American Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry delivers his speech – “Give me Liberty, or give me Death!” – at St. John’s Church in Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1801
    Tsar Paul I of Russia is struck with a sword, then strangled, and finally trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael’s Castle.
  • 1806
    After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark and their “Corps of Discovery” begin their arduous journey home.
  • 1821
    Greek War of Independence: Battle and fall of city of Kalamata.
  • 1848
    The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • 1857
    Elisha Otis’s first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City.
  • 1862
    The First Battle of Kernstown, Virginia, marks the start of Stonewall Jackson’s Valley Campaign. Though a Confederate defeat, the engagement distracts Federal efforts to capture Richmond.
  • 1868
    The University of California is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law.
  • 1879
    War of the Pacific: The Battle of Topáter, the first battle of the war is fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru.
  • 1889
    The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
  • 1905
    Eleftherios Venizelos calls for Crete’s union with Greece, and begins what is to be known as the Theriso revolt.
  • 1908
    American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later.
  • 1909
    Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
  • 1919
    In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
  • 1931
    Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar are hanged for murder during the Indian struggle for independence.
  • 1933
    The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
  • 1935
    Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
  • 1939
    The Hungarian air force attacks the headquarters of Slovak air force in the city of Spišská Nová Ves, kills 13 people and began the Slovak–Hungarian War.
  • 1940
    The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League.
  • 1942
    World War II: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands.
  • 1956
    Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. (Republic Day in Pakistan)
  • 1962
    Ship NS, the first nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship, is launched as a showcase for Dwight D. Eisenhower’s Atoms for Peace initiative.
  • 1965
    NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States’ first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young).
  • 1978
    The first UNIFIL troops arrived in Lebanon for peacekeeping mission along the Blue Line.
  • 1980
    Archbishop Óscar Romero of El Salvador gives his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans.
  • 1982
    Guatemala’s government, headed by Fernando Romeo Lucas García is overthrown in a military coup by right-wing General Efraín Ríos Montt.
  • 1983
    Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.
  • 1989
    Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce their discovery of cold fusion at the University of Utah.
  • 1991
    The Revolutionary United Front, with support from the special forces of Charles Taylor’s National Patriotic Front of Liberia, invades Sierra Leone in an attempt to overthrow Joseph Saidu Momoh, sparking a gruesome 11-year Sierra Leone Civil War.
  • 1994
    A United States Air Force (USAF) F-16 aircraft collides with a USAF C-130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashes, killing 24 United States Army soldiers on the ground. This later became known as the Green Ramp disaster.
  • 1994
    Aeroflot Flight 593 crashes in Siberia when the pilot’s fifteen-year old son accidentally disengages the autopilot, killing all 75 people on board.
  • 1994
    At an election rally in Tijuana, Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio is assassinated by Mario Aburto Martínez.
  • 1996
    Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
  • 1999
    Gunmen assassinate Paraguay’s Vice President Luis María Argaña.
  • 2001
    The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
  • 2003
    In Nasiriyah, Iraq, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company as well as 18 U.S. Marines are killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom. 654 Iraqi combatants are also killed.
  • 2005
    Texas City Refinery explosion: During a test on a distillation tower liquid waste builds up and flows out of a blowout tower. Waste fumes ignite and explode killing 15 workers.

Who Were Born On March 23?

  • 1430
    Margaret of Anjou, queen consort of Henry VI of England (d. 1482)
  • 1638
    Frederik Ruysch, Dutch physician and anatomist (d. 1731)
  • 1645
    William “Captain” Kidd, Scottish sailor (d. 1701)
  • 1699
    John Bartram, American botanist (d. 1777)
  • 1723
    Agha Mohammad Khan Ghajar, King of Iran (d. 1771)
  • 1732
    Marie Adélaïde of France, daughter of Louis XV (d. 1800)
  • 1754
    Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • 1769
    Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (d. 1832)
  • 1769
    William Smith, English geologist and cartographer (d. 1839)
  • 1823
    Schuyler Colfax, American politician, 17th Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
  • 1826
    Léon Minkus, German/Czech composer and violinist (d. 1917)
  • 1831
    Eduard Schlagintweit, German writer (d. 1866)
  • 1834
    Julius Reubke, German composer (d. 1858)
  • 1858
    Ludwig Quidde, German pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1941)
  • 1862
    Nathaniel Reed, American outlaw turned evangelist (d. 1950)
  • 1868
    Dietrich Eckart, early supporter of Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Party and member of Thule Society (d. 1923)
  • 1869
    Calouste Gulbenkian, Armenian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1955)
  • 1871
    Heinrich Schroth, German actor (d. 1945)
  • 1874
    J. C. Leyendecker, German American Illustrator (d. 1951)
  • 1878
    Franz Schreker, Austrian composer (d. 1934)
  • 1880
    Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
  • 1881
    Hermann Staudinger, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1881
    Roger Martin du Gard, French writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1882
    Amalie Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
  • 1887
    Josef Čapek, Czech writer (d. 1945)
  • 1887
    Juan Gris, Spanish artist (d. 1927)
  • 1887
    Prince Felix Yusupov, Russian assassin of Rasputin (d. 1967)
  • 1893
    Cedric Gibbons, American art director (d. 1960)
  • 1893
    G. D. Naidu (Gopalaswamy Doraiswamy Naidu), Indian Inventor & Engineer (Edison of India) (d. 1974)
  • 1895
    Dane Rudhyar, French-US author, composer, astrologer (d. 1985)
  • 1895
    Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian (d. 2001)
  • 1899
    Dora Gerson, German actress and singer (d. 1943)
  • 1900
    Erich Fromm, German-born psychoanalyst (d. 1980)
  • 1904
    H. Beam Piper, American science fiction author (d. 1964)
  • 1905
    Joan Crawford, American actress (d. 1977)
  • 1905
    Lale Andersen, German singer and cabaretist (d. 1972)
  • 1907
    Daniel Bovet, Swiss-born scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1910
    Akira Kurosawa, Japanese film director (d. 1998)
  • 1912
    Wernher von Braun, German-born physicist and engineer (d. 1977)
  • 1914
    Milbourne Christopher, American illusionist (d. 1984)
  • 1915
    Vasily Zaitsev, Soviet World War II figure (d. 1991)
  • 1919
    Carl Graffunder, architect
  • 1920
    Neal Smith, former United States Congressman
  • 1920
    Tetsuharu Kawakami, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • 1921
    Donald Campbell, British car and motorboat racer (d. 1967)
  • 1922
    Marty Allen, American comedian and actor
  • 1922
    Ugo Tognazzi, Italian actor, director and screenwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1924
    Bette Nesmith Graham, American inventor (d. 1980)
  • 1925
    David Watkin, English cinematographer (d. 2008)
  • 1927
    Mato Damjanović, Croatian chess grandmaster (d. 2011)
  • 1929
    Sir Roger Bannister, English runner
  • 1931
    Viktor Korchnoi, Russian chess player
  • 1931
    Yevgenij Grishin, Russian speed skater (d. 2005)
  • 1932
    Don Marshall, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1933
    Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist
  • 1934
    Fernand Gignac, Canadian singer and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1934
    Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician
  • 1934
    Mark Rydell, American film and television director
  • 1935
    Barry Cryer, British writer and comedian
  • 1937
    Craig Breedlove, American land speed record holder
  • 1937
    Robert Gallo, American physician
  • 1938
    Dave Pike, American jazz musician
  • 1939
    Pepe Lienhard, Swiss band leader and entertainer
  • 1941
    Jim Trelease, American educator and children’s literature author
  • 1942
    Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (d. 1980)
  • 1943
    George P. Lee, former general authority of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and convicted sex offender (d. 2010)
  • 1943
    Lee May, American baseball player
  • 1943
    Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish writer (d. 2001)
  • 1944
    Michael Nyman, British minimalist composer
  • 1944
    Tony McPhee, English singer and guitarist (The Groundhogs)
  • 1945
    David Grisman, American bluegrass musician
  • 1945
    Franco Battiato, Italian singer, songwriter and filmmaker
  • 1947
    Barbara Rhoades, American actress
  • 1948
    David Olney, American musician
  • 1949
    Ric Ocasek, American musician (The Cars)
  • 1949
    Roland Lee, American artist
  • 1950
    Anthony De Longis, American actor
  • 1950
    Corinne Clery, French actress
  • 1951
    Ron Jaworski, American football player and analyst
  • 1952
    Kim Stanley Robinson, American author
  • 1953
    Bo Díaz, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1953
    Chaka Khan, American singer
  • 1953
    Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, Indian entrepreneur
  • 1954
    Geno Auriemma, American basketball coach
  • 1954
    Kenneth Cole, American fashion designer
  • 1955
    Moses Malone, American basketball player
  • 1955
    Petrea Burchard, American actress
  • 1956
    José Manuel Barroso, Portuguese politician
  • 1957
    Amanda Plummer, American actress
  • 1957
    Lucio Gutierrez, Ecuadorian politician
  • 1957
    Robbie James, Welsh footballer (d. 1998)
  • 1957
    Teresa Ganzel, American actress
  • 1958
    Bengt-Åke Gustafsson, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1958
    El Duce, American singer and drummer (The Mentors) (d. 1997)
  • 1958
    Etienne De Wilde, Belgian cyclist
  • 1958
    Michael Sorich, American voice actor, writer and director
  • 1959
    Catherine Keener, American actress
  • 1959
    Epic Soundtracks, English musician (Swell Maps, Crime and the City Solution, These Immortal Souls) (d. 1997)
  • 1959
    Philippe Volter, Belgian actor (d. 2005)
  • 1960
    Nicol Stephen, Deputy First Minister of Scotland
  • 1961
    Helmi Johannes, Indonesian television newscaster
  • 1961
    Steve Holmes, Romanian/German pornographic actor
  • 1962
    Steve Redgrave, British rower
  • 1963
    Míchel (José Miguel González Martín), Spanish footballer
  • 1964
    Hope Davis, American actress
  • 1964
    John Pinette, American comedian
  • 1965
    Gary Whitehead, American poet
  • 1965
    Marti Pellow, Scottish singer
  • 1965
    Richard Grieco, American actor and singer
  • 1965
    Sarah G. Buxton, American actress
  • 1966
    Marin Hinkle, American actress
  • 1967
    David Ford, Canadian kayaker
  • 1968
    Damon Albarn, English musician (Blur, Gorillaz and The Good, the Bad & the Queen)
  • 1968
    Fernando Hierro, Spanish footballer
  • 1968
    Michael Atherton, English cricketer
  • 1968
    Mitch Cullin, American novelist
  • 1971
    Alexander Selivanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1971
    Gail Porter, Scottish television presenter
  • 1971
    Hiroyoshi Tenzan, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1971
    Karen McDougal, American model
  • 1971
    Yasmeen Ghauri, Canadian model
  • 1972
    Joe Calzaghe, Welsh boxer
  • 1972
    Judith Godrèche, French actress and author
  • 1973
    Jason Kidd, American basketball player
  • 1973
    Jerzy Dudek, Polish footballer
  • 1973
    Wim Eyckmans, Belgian racing driver
  • 1976
    Chris Hoy, British track cyclist
  • 1976
    Dougie Lampkin, English motorcycle trials rider
  • 1976
    Jayson Blair, American journalist and author
  • 1976
    Jeremy Newberry, American football player
  • 1976
    Joel Peralta, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976
    Keri Russell, American actress
  • 1976
    Michelle Monaghan, American actress
  • 1976
    Ricardo Zonta, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1977
    Miklos Perlus, Canadian voice actor
  • 1978
    David Tom, American actor, twin brother of listed above
  • 1978
    Nicholle Tom, American actress, twin sister of listed below
  • 1978
    Perez Hilton, American blogger and television persona
  • 1978
    Walter Samuel, Argentine footballer
  • 1979
    Donncha O'Callaghan, Irish rugby player
  • 1979
    Mark Buehrle, American baseball player
  • 1979
    Misty Hyman, American swimmer
  • 1979
    Natalia Hadjiloizou, Belarusian/Cypriot swimmer
  • 1980
    Itay Tiran, Israeli actor
  • 1980
    Russell Howard, English comedian
  • 1981
    Erin Crocker, American race car driver
  • 1981
    Giuseppe Sculli, Italian footballer
  • 1981
    Tony Peña, Jr., Dominican baseball player
  • 1982
    Andrea Musacco, Italian footballer
  • 1982
    José Raúl Contreras, Chilean footballer
  • 1983
    Jerome Thomas, English footballer
  • 1985
    Maurice Jones-Drew, American football player
  • 1986
    Andrea Dovizioso, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1986
    Patrick Bordeleau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986
    Steven Strait, American actor
  • 1987
    Alan Toovey, Australian footballer
  • 1988
    Michal Neuvirth, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1990
    Jaime Alguersuari, Spanish racing driver
  • 1990
    Princess Eugenie of York
  • 1992
    Kyrie Irving, Australian-American basketball player
  • 1992
    Vanessa Morgan, Canadian actress and singer
  • 1995
    Jan Lisiecki, Canadian pianist
  • 1997
    Aidan Davis, English dancer

Who Died On March 23?

  • 1103
    Eudes I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1058)
  • 1361
    Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster (b. c. 1310)
  • 1369
    King Peter of Castile (b. 1334)
  • 1548
    Itagaki Nobukata, retainer of Takeda Shingen (b. 1489)
  • 1555
    Pope Julius III (b. 1487)
  • 1559
    Emperor Gelawdewos of Ethiopia (killed in battle)
  • 1596
    Henry Unton, English diplomat
  • 1606
    Justus Lipsius, Flemish humanist (b. 1547)
  • 1618
    James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish politician
  • 1653
    Johan van Galen, Dutch naval officer (b. 1604)
  • 1675
    Anthoni van Noordt, Dutch composer and organist (b. 1619)
  • 1680
    Nicolas Fouquet, French statesman (b. 1615)
  • 1742
    Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French writer (b. 1670)
  • 1747
    Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (b. 1675)
  • 1748
    Johann Gottfried Walther, German music theorist, organist, and composer (b. 1684)
  • 1754
    Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian (b. 1693)
  • 1783
    Charles Carroll, American lawyer and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1723)
  • 1801
    Paul I of Russia, Russian tsar (b. 1754)
  • 1842
    Stendhal, French writer (b. 1783)
  • 1914
    Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès (Saint Rebecca) Lebanese saint (b. 1832)
  • 1923
    Hovhannes Tumanyan Armenian poet and writer (b. 1869)
  • 1927
    Paul César Helleu, French artist (b. 1859)
  • 1931
    Bhagat Singh (b. 1907), Rajguru (b. 1908), Sukhdev (b. 1907) Indian freedom fighters
  • 1935
    Florence Moore, American actress (b. 1886)
  • 1945
    Tadamichi Kuribayashi, Commander of the Japanese garrison during Battle of Iwo Jima (b. 1891)
  • 1947
    Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (b. 1870)
  • 1955
    Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (b. 1875)
  • 1960
    Franklin Pierce Adams, American newspaper columnist (b. 1881)
  • 1960
    Said Nursî, Islamic thinker from Turkey (b. 1878)
  • 1964
    Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor (b. 1904)
  • 1965
    Mae Murray, American actress (b. 1889)
  • 1968
    Edwin O'Connor, American novelist and Pulitzer Prize for Fiction winner (b. 1918)
  • 1970
    Del Lord, Canadian director (b. 1894)
  • 1972
    Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish fashion designer (b. 1895)
  • 1978
    Haim Ernst Wertheimer, Israeli biochemist, recipient of the Israel Prize (b. 1893)
  • 1979
    Ted Anderson, English footballer (b. 1911)
  • 1980
    Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist (b. 1928)
  • 1982
    Barney Clark, first artificial heart recipient (b. 1921)
  • 1985
    Ben Hardwick, Britain’s youngest liver transplant patient (b. 1982)
  • 1985
    Peter Charanis, Greek-American scholar and professor (b. 1908)
  • 1985
    Richard Beeching, chairman of British Railways (b. 1913)
  • 1990
    John Dexter, English stage and film director (b. 1925)
  • 1991
    Parkash Singh, Indian soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1913)
  • 1992
    Friedrich Hayek, Austrian economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1994
    Donald Swann, British composer, musician and entertainer (b. 1923)
  • 1994
    Giulietta Masina, Italian actress (b. 1921)
  • 1994
    Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican politician (b. 1950)
  • 1995
    Alan Barton, English musician (Black Lace, Smokie) (b. 1953)
  • 1995
    Davie Cooper, Scottish footballer (b. 1956)
  • 1998
    Gerald Stano, American serial killer (b. 1951)
  • 1999
    Luis María Argaña, Paraguayan politician (b. 1932)
  • 2001
    Rowland Evans, American journalist (b. 1921)
  • 2002
    Ben Hollioake, English cricketer (b. 1977)
  • 2002
    Eileen Farrell, American soprano (b. 1920)
  • 2003
    Fritz Spiegl, Austrian-born journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2004
    Rupert Hamer, Australian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2006
    Cindy Walker, American singer, songwriter and dancer (b. 1918)
  • 2006
    David B. Bleak, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)
  • 2006
    Desmond Doss, American soldier and first conscientious objector Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1919)
  • 2007
    Eric Medlen, American NHRA drag racer (b. 1973)
  • 2007
    Paul Joseph Cohen, American mathematician, Fields Medal winner (b. 1934)
  • 2008
    Rafael Azcona, Spanish screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2009
    Ghukas Chubaryan, Armenian sculptor (b. 1923)
  • 2009
    Raúl Macías, Mexican boxer (b. 1934)
  • 2011
    Elizabeth Taylor, English-American actress (b. 1932)

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