What happened on March 21? There are more than 269 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About March 21

March 21 In HistoryMarch 21 is the 80th day of the year 2021. There are 285 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Sunday. This day falls under the 11th week of the year 2021.

On this day in Warren, Massachusetts 01083 sunrise occured at 06:48 AM and sunset occured at 07:02 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Aries. The modern birthstone for this month is Aquamarine while the mystical birthstone is Jade.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 317 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 1, 2022).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the May 18 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

March 21: A Day In History

March 21st is the common date of the March equinox (although astronomically the equinox is more likely to fall on March 20 in all but the most easterly longitudes). In astrology, the day of the equinox is the first full day of the sign of Aries. It is also the traditional first day of the astrological year.

Historical Events For March 21

  • 717
    Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid.
  • 1152
    Annulment of the marriage of King Louis VII of France and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine.
  • 1188
    Emperor Antoku accedes to the throne of Japan.
  • 1413
    Henry V becomes King of England.
  • 1556
    In Oxford, Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer is burned at the stake.
  • 1788
    A fire in New Orleans leaves most of the town in ruins.
  • 1800
    With the church leadership driven out of Rome during an armed conflict, Pius VII is crowned Pope in Venice with a temporary papal tiara made of papier-mâché.
  • 1801
    The Battle of Alexandria is fought between British and French forces near the ruins of Nicopolis in Egypt.
  • 1804
    Code Napoléon is adopted as French civil law.
  • 1814
    Napoleonic Wars: Austrian forces repel French troops in the Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube.
  • 1821
    Greek War of Independence: First revolutionary act in the monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta.
  • 1844
    The Bahá'í calendar begins. This is the first day of the first year of the Bahá'í calendar. It is annually celebrated by members of the Bahá'í Faith as the Bahá'í New Year or Náw-Rúz.
  • 1857
    An earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000.
  • 1871
    Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his trek to find the missionary and explorer David Livingstone.
  • 1871
    Otto von Bismarck is appointed Chancellor of the German Empire.
  • 1913
    Over 360 are killed and 20,000 homes destroyed in the Great Dayton Flood in Dayton, Ohio.
  • 1918
    World War I: The first phase of the German Spring Offensive, Operation Michael, begins.
  • 1919
    The Hungarian Soviet Republic is established becoming the first Communist government to be formed in Europe after the October Revolution in Russia.
  • 1921
    The New Economic Policy is implemented by the Bolshevik Party in response to the economic failure as a result of War Communism.
  • 1925
    Syngman Rhee is removed from office after being impeached as the President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
  • 1928
    Charles Lindbergh is presented with the Medal of Honor for the first solo trans-Atlantic flight.
  • 1933
    Construction of Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed.
  • 1935
    Shah Reza Pahlavi formally asks the international community to call Persia by its native name, Iran, which means 'Land of the Aryans.'
  • 1937
    Ponce Massacre: 18 people and a 7-year-old girl in Ponce, Puerto Rico, are gunned down by a police squad acting under orders of US-appointed Governor, Blanton C. Winship.
  • 1943
    Wehrmacht officer Rudolf Christoph Freiherr von Gersdorff plots to assassinate Adolf Hitler by using a suicide bomb, but the plan falls through. Von Gersdorff is able to defuse the bomb in time and avoid suspicion.
  • 1945
    World War II: British troops liberate Mandalay, Burma.
  • 1945
    World War II: Bulgaria and the Soviet Union successfully complete their defense of the north bank of the Drava River as the Battle of Drava concludes.
  • 1945
    World War II: Operation Carthage – British planes bomb Gestapo headquarters in Copenhagen, Denmark. They also hit a school and 125 civilians are killed.
  • 1946
    The Los Angeles Rams sign Kenny Washington, making him the first African American player in the American football since 1933.
  • 1952
    Alan Freed presents the Moondog Coronation Ball, the first rock and roll concert, in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • 1960
    Apartheid: Massacre in Sharpeville, South Africa: Police open fire on a group of unarmed black South African demonstrators, killing 69 and wounding 180.
  • 1963
    Alcatraz, a federal penitentiary on an island in San Francisco Bay, closes.
  • 1964
    In Copenhagen, Denmark, Gigliola Cinquetti wins the ninth Eurovision Song Contest for Italy singing “Non ho l'età” (“I'm not old enough”).
  • 1965
    Martin Luther King, Jr. leads 3,200 people on the start of the third and finally successful civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.
  • 1965
    Ranger program: NASA launches Ranger 9 which is the last in a series of unmanned lunar space probes.
  • 1968
    Battle of Karameh in Jordan between Israeli Defense Forces and Fatah.
  • 1970
    The first Earth Day proclamation is issued by Mayor of San Francisco Joseph Alioto.
  • 1980
    On the season finale of the soap opera Dallas, the infamous character J.R. Ewing is shot by an unseen assailant, leading to the catchphrase “Who shot J.R.?”
  • 1980
    US President Jimmy Carter announces a United States boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow to protest the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.
  • 1989
    Sports Illustrated reports allegations tying baseball player Pete Rose to baseball gambling.
  • 1990
    Namibia becomes independent after 75 years of South African rule.
  • 1994
    The last episode of the Australian TV series Mother and Son was broadcast.
  • 1997
    In a Tel Aviv, Israel coffee shop, a suicide bomber kills 3 and injures 49.
  • 1999
    Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones become the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.
  • 2002
    In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for their part in the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
  • 2006
    Immigrant workers constructing the Burj Khalifa and a new terminal of Dubai International Airport riot causing $1M in damage.

Who Were Born On March 21?

  • 1521
    Maurice, Elector of Saxony (d. 1553)
  • 1527
    Hermann Finck, German composer (d. 1558)
  • 1685
    Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer (d. 1750)
  • 1713
    Francis Lewis, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1803)
  • 1763
    Jean Paul, German writer (d. 1825)
  • 1768
    Joseph Fourier, French mathematician (d. 1830)
  • 1801
    Maria Theresa of Tuscany, Queen of Sardinia (d. 1855)
  • 1806
    Benito Juárez, Mexican statesman (d. 1872)
  • 1811
    Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (d. 1891)
  • 1825
    Alexander F. Mozhayskiy, Russian aviation pioneer (d. 1890)
  • 1835
    Thomas Hayward, English cricketer (d. 1876)
  • 1839
    Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Russian composer (d. 1881)
  • 1854
    Alick Bannerman, Australian cricketer (d. 1924)
  • 1863
    George Owen Squier, American inventor (d. 1934)
  • 1869
    Florenz Ziegfeld, American theater producer (d. 1932)
  • 1876
    Walter Tewksbury, American athlete (d. 1968)
  • 1880
    Gilbert M. ‘Broncho Billy’Anderson, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1882
    Aleksander Kesküla, Estonian politician and nationalist (d. 1963)
  • 1882
    Bascom Lamar Lunsford, American lawyer, folklorist, and folk musician (d. 1973)
  • 1885
    Pierre Renoir, French actor and director (d. 1952)
  • 1895
    Zlatko Baloković, Croatian violinist (d. 1955)
  • 1901
    Karl Arnold, German politician (d. 1958)
  • 1902
    Son House, American musician (d. 1988)
  • 1904
    Forrest Mars Sr., American candymaker (d. 1999)
  • 1904
    Jehane Benoît, Canadian culinary author (d. 1987)
  • 1904
    Nikos Skalkottas, Greek composer (d. 1949)
  • 1905
    Phyllis McGinley, American author and poet (d. 1978)
  • 1906
    Jim Thompson, American designer and businessman (d. 1967)
  • 1910
    Julio Gallo, American vintner (d. 1993)
  • 1910
    M S Khan, Bangladeshi intellectual (d. 1978)
  • 1913
    George Abecassis, English race car driver (d. 1991)
  • 1914
    Paul Tortelier, French cellist (d. 1990)
  • 1916
    Ustad Bismillah Khan, Indian shehnai maestro (d. 2006)
  • 1917
    Frank Hardy, Australian author (d. 1994)
  • 1917
    Yigael Yadin, Israeli archeologist and politician (d. 1984)
  • 1918
    Patrick J. Lucey, American politician
  • 1920
    Georg Ots, Estonian singer (d. 1975)
  • 1920
    Manolis Chiotis, Greek bouzouki player and songwriter (d. 1970)
  • 1921
    Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist (d. 1986)
  • 1922
    Russ Meyer, American film director and producer (d. 2004)
  • 1923
    Nirmala Srivastava, Indian religious figure (d. 2011)
  • 1923
    Philip Abbott, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1924
    Dov Shilansky, Israeli politician (d. 2010)
  • 1925
    Hugo Koblet, Swiss cyclist (d. 1964)
  • 1925
    Peter Brook, British stage director and producer
  • 1927
    Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German politician
  • 1929
    Maurice Catarcio, American professional wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1930
    James Coco, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1932
    Joseph Silverstein, American violinist and conductor
  • 1932
    Walter Gilbert, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1933
    Michael Heseltine, English politician
  • 1934
    Al Freeman, Jr., American actor
  • 1935
    Brian Clough, English footballer and football manager (d. 2004)
  • 1936
    Ed Broadbent, Canadian politician
  • 1936
    Mike Westbrook, British jazz composer, bandleader and pianist
  • 1937
    Tom Flores, American Football player
  • 1940
    Solomon Burke, American singer (d. 2010)
  • 1942
    Françoise Dorléac, French actress (d. 1967)
  • 1942
    Kostas Politis, Greek basketball player and coach
  • 1943
    Hartmut Haenchen, German conductor
  • 1943
    István Gyulai, Hungarian sports executive (d. 2006)
  • 1943
    Vivian Stanshall, English musician (Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band) (d. 1995)
  • 1944
    Hideki Ishima, Japanese guitarist (Flower Travellin' Band)
  • 1944
    Marie-Christine Barrault, French actress
  • 1945
    Rose Stone, American musician (Sly & the Family Stone)
  • 1946
    Ray Dorset, English musician (Mungo Jerry)
  • 1946
    Timothy Dalton, British actor
  • 1948
    Scott Fahlman, American computer scientist
  • 1949
    Eddie Money, American musician
  • 1949
    Slavoj Žižek, Slovenian sociologist and cultural critic
  • 1950
    Roger Hodgson, English musician (Supertramp)
  • 1951
    Russell Thompkins Jr, American singer (The Stylistics)
  • 1953
    Paul Martin Lester, American educator, author, and photographer
  • 1955
    Dimitrios Papadimoulis, Greek politician
  • 1956
    Guy Chadwick, English guitarist, vocalist and songwriter (The House of Love)
  • 1956
    Ingrid Kristiansen, Norwegian runner
  • 1958
    Gary Oldman, English actor
  • 1958
    Sabrina Le Beauf, American actress
  • 1959
    Nobuo Uematsu, Japanese composer
  • 1959
    Sarah Jane Morris, English singer
  • 1959
    Yuval Rotem, Israeli Ambassador
  • 1960
    Ayrton Senna, Brazilian race car driver (d. 1994)
  • 1960
    Benito de Leon, Filipino military officer
  • 1960
    Robert Sweet, American drummer
  • 1961
    Lothar Matthäus, German footballer
  • 1962
    Kathy Greenwood, Canadian actress
  • 1962
    Mark Waid, American comic book writer
  • 1962
    Matthew Broderick, American actor
  • 1962
    Rosie O'Donnell, American comedian and actress
  • 1963
    Ronald Koeman, Dutch footballer and football manager
  • 1963
    Shawn Lane, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1963
    Shawon Dunston, American baseball player
  • 1964
    Ahmed Radhi, Iraqi international football star
  • 1964
    Jesper Skibby, Danish professional cyclist
  • 1965
    Xavier Bertrand, French politician
  • 1967
    Adrian Chiles, British television and radio presenter
  • 1967
    Jonas Berggren, Swedish musician (Ace of Base)
  • 1967
    Maxim Reality, British MC (The Prodigy)
  • 1968
    Cameron Clyne, Australian businessman
  • 1968
    DJ Premier, American record producer
  • 1968
    Greg Ellis, English actor
  • 1968
    Jaye Davidson, American actor
  • 1968
    Samantha Dorman, American model
  • 1968
    Scott Williams, American basketball player
  • 1968
    Shin Seung Hun, South Korean ballad singer
  • 1969
    Ali Daei, Iranian footballer
  • 1969
    Jonah Goldberg, American author and pundit
  • 1970
    Cenk Uygur, American radio talk show host
  • 1970
    Shiho Niiyama, Japanese voice actress (d. 2000)
  • 1972
    Chris Candido, American professional wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1972
    Christopher Wallace, American Rapper also known as The Notorious B.I.G or Biggie Smalls (d. 1997)
  • 1972
    Large Professor, American hip hop artist
  • 1973
    Ananda Lewis, American model and television personality
  • 1973
    Jerry Supiran, American actor
  • 1973
    Stuart Nethercott, English footballer
  • 1973
    Vanessa Branch, British-American actress and model
  • 1974
    Edsel Dope, American singer (Dope)
  • 1974
    Jose Clayton, Tunisian footballer
  • 1974
    Laura Allen, American actress
  • 1974
    Rhys Darby, New Zealand comedian
  • 1975
    Fabricio Oberto, Argentine basketball player
  • 1975
    Justin Pierce, British actor (d. 2000)
  • 1975
    Mark Williams, Welsh snooker player
  • 1975
    Vitaly Potapenko, Ukrainian basketball player
  • 1975
    Yacoub Al-Mohana, Kuwaiti film director
  • 1976
    Rachael MacFarlane, American voice actress
  • 1976
    Tekin Sazlog, Turkish footballer
  • 1977
    Bruno Cirillo, Italian centre defender at PAOK F.C.
  • 1977
    Charles Blackstone, American author
  • 1978
    Charmaine Dragun, Australian news anchor (d. 2007)
  • 1978
    Cristian Guzmán, Dominican baseball player
  • 1978
    Kevin Federline, American dancer; ex-husband of Britney Spears
  • 1978
    Nick Baines, English keyboardist (Kaiser Chiefs)
  • 1978
    Rani Mukherjee, Indian actress
  • 1980
    Deryck Whibley, Canadian guitarist and singer (Sum41)
  • 1980
    Lee Jin, South Korean actress
  • 1980
    Marit Bjørgen, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1980
    Ronaldinho Gaucho, Brazilian international footballer
  • 1981
    Germano, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982
    Aaron Hill, American baseball player
  • 1982
    Colin Turkington, British racing driver
  • 1982
    Jocie Kok, Chinese-Singaporean singer
  • 1983
    Jean Ondoa, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1984
    Tiago, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985
    Adrian Peterson, American football player
  • 1985
    Ryan Callahan, American hockey player
  • 1988
    Erik Johnson, American ice hockey player
  • 1988
    Lee Cattermole, English footballer
  • 1989
    Nicolas Lodeiro, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1989
    Rochelle Wiseman, English singer (The Saturdays)
  • 1989
    Takeru Satoh, Japanese actor
  • 1990
    Mandy Capristo, German singer (Monrose)
  • 1990
    Rafael Avila, Honduran Celebrity
  • 1990
    Ryann Krais, American heptathlete
  • 1991
    Luke Chapman,English footballer
  • 1995
    Diggy Simmons, American rapper
  • 2004
    Count Claus-Casimir of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer van Amsberg

Who Died On March 21?

  • 1063
    Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia, venerated in Roman Catholicism, wife of King Mieszko II of Poland
  • 1076
    Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1011)
  • 1181
    Taira Kiyomori, Japanese Feudal general (b. 1118)
  • 1306
    Robert II, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1248)
  • 1487
    Nicholas of Flue, Swiss hermit and saint (b. 1417)
  • 1556
    Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury (burned at the stake) (b. 1489)
  • 1617
    Pocahontas, Native American, daughter of Powhatan (b. c.1595)
  • 1656
    James Ussher, Irish Anglican archbishop (b. 1581)
  • 1676
    Henri Sauval, French historian (b. 1623)
  • 1729
    John Law, Scottish economist (b. 1671)
  • 1734
    Robert Wodrow, Scottish historian (b. 1679)
  • 1751
    Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (b. 1706)
  • 1762
    Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (b. 1713)
  • 1772
    Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, French cartographer (b. 1703)
  • 1795
    Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (b. 1714)
  • 1801
    Andrea Luchesi, Italian composer (b. 1741)
  • 1804
    Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé (executed) (b. 1772)
  • 1843
    Guadalupe Victoria, first President of Mexico (b. 1786)
  • 1843
    Robert Southey, English poet (b. 1774)
  • 1850
    Miguel Pedrorena, American settler
  • 1863
    Edwin Vose Sumner, American Civil War general (b. 1797)
  • 1881
    Samuel Courtauld, American-born textile magnate (b. 1793)
  • 1884
    Ezra Abbot, American bible scholar (b. 1819)
  • 1910
    Nadar, French photographer (b. 1820)
  • 1915
    Frederick Winslow Taylor, American inventor (b. 1856)
  • 1920
    Evelina Haverfield British suffragette (b. 1867)
  • 1934
    Franz Schreker, Austrian composer (b. 1878)
  • 1936
    Alexander Glazunov, Russian composer (b. 1865)
  • 1945
    Arthur Nebe, German SS officer (b. 1894)
  • 1951
    Willem Mengelberg, Dutch conductor (b. 1871)
  • 1958
    Cyril M. Kornbluth, American writer (b. 1923)
  • 1970
    Manolis Chiotis, Greek songwriter and musician (b. 1920)
  • 1975
    Joe Medwick, baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 1978
    Louis Cottrell, Jr., American musician (b. 1911)
  • 1980
    Angelo Bruno, American mobster (b. 1910)
  • 1980
    Peter Stoner, American mathematician, astronomer and Christian apologist (b. 1888)
  • 1984
    Shauna Grant, American actress (suicide) (b. 1963)
  • 1985
    Sir Michael Redgrave, English actor (b. 1908)
  • 1987
    Dean Paul Martin, American musician (b. 1951)
  • 1987
    Robert Preston, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1991
    Leo Fender, American guitar manufacturer (b. 1909)
  • 1992
    John Ireland, Canadian film actor and director (b. 1914)
  • 1992
    Natalie Sleeth, American composer (b. 1930)
  • 1994
    Dack Rambo, American actor (b. 1941)
  • 1994
    Lili Damita, French actress (b. 1904)
  • 1994
    Macdonald Carey, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1997
    W. V. Awdry, English children’s writer (b. 1911)
  • 1998
    Galina Sergeyevna Ulánova, Russian prima ballerina assoluta (b. 1910)
  • 1999
    Ernie Wise, British comedian (b. 1925)
  • 2001
    Anthony Steel, English actor (b. 1920)
  • 2001
    Chung Ju-yung, Korean industrialist (b. 1915)
  • 2002
    Herman Talmadge, American politician (b. 1913)
  • 2003
    Umar Wirahadikusumah, Fourth Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1924)
  • 2004
    Ludmilla Tchérina, French ballet dancer and actress (b. 1924)
  • 2005
    Barney Martin, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2005
    Bobby Short, American singer (b. 1924)
  • 2007
    Drew Hayes, American writer and graphic artist (b. 1969)
  • 2007
    Kevin Whitrick, first British man to commit suicide on a live chatroom (b. 1964)
  • 2007
    Sven O. Høiby, the father of Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway (b. 1936)
  • 2008
    Guillermo Jullian de la Fuente, Chilean architect (b. 1931)
  • 2009
    Walt Poddubny, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1960)
  • 2010
    Wolfgang Wagner, German opera director (b. 1919)
  • 2011
    Gerd Klier, German footballer (b. 1944)
  • 2011
    Ladislav Novák, Czech footballer (b. 1931)
  • 2011
    Loleatta Holloway, American singer (b. 1946)
  • 2011
    Pinetop Perkins, Member of the Blues Hall of Fame (b. 1913)

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