What happened on March 13? There are more than 246 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About March 13

March 13 In HistoryMarch 13 is the 72nd day of the year 2021. There are 293 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday. This day falls under the 10th week of the year 2021.

On this day in Providence, Rhode Island 02901 sunrise occured at 05:59 AM and sunset occured at 05:50 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Pisces. The modern birthstone for this month is Aquamarine while the mystical birthstone is Jade.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 325 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 1, 2022).

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Historical Events For March 13

  • 624
    Battle of Badr: a key battle between Muhammad’s army – the new followers of Islam and the Quraish of Mecca. The Muslims won this battle, known as the turning point of Islam, which took place in the Hejaz region of western Arabia.
  • 1138
    Cardinal Gregorio Conti is elected Antipope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II.
  • 1639
    Harvard College is named for clergyman John Harvard.
  • 1781
    William Herschel discovers Uranus.
  • 1809
    Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden is deposed in a coup d'état.
  • 1845
    Felix Mendelssohn’s Violin Concerto receives its première performance in Leipzig with Ferdinand David as soloist.
  • 1862
    American Civil War: The U.S. federal government forbids all Union army officers to return fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • 1865
    American Civil War: The Confederate States of America agree to the use of African American troops.
  • 1881
    Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him. (Gregorian date: it was March 1 in the Julian calendar then in use in Russia.)
  • 1884
    The Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins, ending on January 26, 1885.
  • 1897
    San Diego State University is founded.
  • 1900
    Second Boer War: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.
  • 1920
    The Kapp Putsch briefly ousts the Weimar Republic government from Berlin.
  • 1921
    Mongolia, under Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg, declares its independence from China.
  • 1925
    Scopes Trial: A law in Tennessee prohibits the teaching of evolution.
  • 1930
    The news of the discovery of Pluto is telegraphed to the Harvard College Observatory.
  • 1933
    Great Depression: Banks in the U.S. begin to re-open after President Franklin D. Roosevelt mandates a “bank holiday”.
  • 1938
    Anschluss of Austria to the Third Reich.
  • 1938
    World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
  • 1940
    The Russo-Finnish Winter War ends.
  • 1943
    The Holocaust: German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków.
  • 1943
    World War II: In Bougainville, Japanese troops end their assault on American forces at Hill 700.
  • 1954
    Battle of Điện Biên Phủ: Viet Minh forces attack the French.
  • 1957
    Cuban student revolutionaries storm the presidential palace in Havana in a failed attempt on the life of President Fulgencio Batista.
  • 1962
    Lyman Lemnitzer, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, delivers a proposal, called Operation Northwoods, regarding performing terrorist attacks upon Guantánamo Bay Naval Base, to Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara. The proposal is scrapped and President John F. Kennedy removes Lemnitzer from his position.
  • 1964
    American Kitty Genovese is murdered, reportedly in view of neighbors who did nothing to help her, prompting research into the bystander effect.
  • 1969
    Apollo program: Apollo 9 returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module.
  • 1979
    The New Jewel Movement, headed by Maurice Bishop, ousts Prime Minister Eric Gairy in a nearly bloodless coup d'etat in Grenada.
  • 1988
    The Seikan Tunnel, the longest undersea tunnel in the world, opens between Aomori and Hakodate, Japan.
  • 1991
    The United States Department of Justice announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
  • 1992
    An earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500 in Erzincan, eastern Turkey.
  • 1996
    Dunblane massacre: in Dunblane, Scotland, 16 Primary School children and 1 teacher are shot dead by a spree killer, Thomas Watt Hamilton who then committed suicide.
  • 1997
    India’s Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.
  • 1997
    The Phoenix lights are seen over Phoenix, Arizona by hundreds of people, and by millions on television.
  • 2003
    Human evolution: The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy.
  • 2005
    Terry Ratzmann shoots and kills six members of the Living Church of God and the minister at Sheraton Inn in Brookfield, Wisconsin before killing himself.
  • 2008
    Gold prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange hit $1,000 per ounce for the first time.

Who Were Born On March 13?

  • 1372
    Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (d. 1407)
  • 1615
    Pope Innocent XII (d. 1700)
  • 1683
    John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)
  • 1700
    Michel Blavet, French flutist (d. 1768)
  • 1719
    John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (d. 1797)
  • 1720
    Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)
  • 1733
    Joseph Priestley, English scientist and minister (d. 1804)
  • 1741
    Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1790)
  • 1753
    Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, great heiress and wife of Philippe Égalité (d. 1821)
  • 1763
    Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (d. 1815)
  • 1764
    Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1845)
  • 1770
    Daniel Lambert, Englishman famous for his obesity (d. 1809)
  • 1777
    Charles Lot Church, Nova Scotia politician (d. 1864)
  • 1781
    Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect (d. 1841)
  • 1782
    Sir Robert Bateson, 1st Baronet, Irish nobility (d.1863)
  • 1798
    Abigail Fillmore, First Lady of the United States (d. 1853)
  • 1815
    James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (d. 1911)
  • 1825
    Hans Gude, Norwegian romanticist landscape painter (d. 1903)
  • 1855
    B. H. Roberts, Mormon leader, historian, and politician (d. 1933)
  • 1855
    Percival Lowell, American astronomer (d. 1916)
  • 1860
    Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (d. 1903)
  • 1864
    Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • 1870
    Albert Meyer, member of the Swiss Federal Council in the 1930s (d. 1953)
  • 1883
    Enrico Toselli, Italian (Florentine) composer and pianist(d. 1926)
  • 1884
    Sir Hugh Walpole, English novelist (d. 1941)
  • 1886
    Home Run Baker, Hall of Fame third baseman (d.1963)
  • 1890
    Fritz Busch, German conductor (d. 1951)
  • 1897
    Dan Gordon, American animator (d. 1969)
  • 1897
    Yeghishe Charents, Armenian poet, writer and public activist (d. 1937)
  • 1898
    Henry Hathaway, American film director and producer (d. 1985)
  • 1899
    Jan Lechoń, Polish poet (d. 1956)
  • 1899
    John Hasbrouck van Vleck, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1980)
  • 1900
    Béla Guttman, Hungarian footballer (d. 1981)
  • 1900
    Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1907
    Mircea Eliade, Romanian historian of religions and writer (d. 1986)
  • 1908
    Walter Annenberg, American publisher and philanthropist (d. 2002)
  • 1910
    Karl Gustav Ahlefeldt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
  • 1910
    Sammy Kaye, American musician (d. 1987)
  • 1911
    L. Ron Hubbard, American science fiction author and founder of Scientology (d. 1986)
  • 1913
    Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (d. 1985)
  • 1913
    Sergey Mikhalkov, Russian writer (d. 2009)
  • 1913
    William Casey, American CIA director (d. 1987)
  • 1914
    Edward “Butch” O'Hare, American pilot and Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1943)
  • 1914
    W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (d. 1998)
  • 1916
    Lindy Boggs, American politician
  • 1921
    Al Jaffee, American cartoonist
  • 1923
    Dimitrios Ioannidis, Greek military officer who was involved in the Greek military junta
  • 1923
    William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States (d. 1989)
  • 1925
    Roy Haynes, American jazz drummer
  • 1926
    Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (d. 2003)
  • 1927
    Robert Denning, American interior designer (d. 2005)
  • 1929
    Joseph Mascolo, American actor
  • 1929
    Peter Breck, American actor
  • 1930
    Jan Howard, American singer
  • 1933
    Mike Stoller, American songwriter
  • 1934
    Barry Hughart, American author
  • 1935
    Leslie Parrish, American actress
  • 1935
    Michael Walzer, American philosopher
  • 1936
    Nana Meskhidze, Georgian artist-painter (d. 1997)
  • 1938
    Erma Franklin, American singer (d. 2002)
  • 1938
    Tochinoumi Teruyoshi, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 49th Yokozuna
  • 1939
    Neil Sedaka, American singer and songwriter
  • 1941
    Donella Meadows, American scientist (d. 2001)
  • 1941
    Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian prominent poet and writer of prose (d. 2008)
  • 1942
    Dave Cutler, American software engineer
  • 1942
    Geoffrey Hayes, English television presenter and actor
  • 1942
    Scatman John, American singer (real name John Larkin) (d. 1999)
  • 1943
    André Téchiné, French film director and screenwriter
  • 1945
    Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Russian mathematician
  • 1946
    Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli soldier (d. 1976)
  • 1947
    Beat Richner, Swiss physician and cellist
  • 1948
    Robert S. Woods, American actor
  • 1949
    Hiroshi Kazato, Japanese racing driver (d. 1974)
  • 1949
    Julia Migenes, American soprano
  • 1950
    Charles Krauthammer, American political commentator
  • 1950
    William H. Macy, American actor
  • 1951
    Fred Berry, American actor and dancer (d. 2003)
  • 1952
    Wolfgang Rihm, German composer
  • 1953
    Deborah Raffin, American actress
  • 1953
    Ridley Pearson, American writer
  • 1955
    Bruno Conti, Italian footballer
  • 1955
    Glenne Headly, American actress
  • 1956
    Dana Delany, American actress
  • 1956
    Davor Slamnig, Croatian writer and musician
  • 1956
    Jamie Dimon, American Banking executive
  • 1957
    John Hoeven, American politician, 31st governor and junior senator from North Dakota
  • 1957
    Steve Lake, American baseball player
  • 1958
    Linda Robson, English actress
  • 1959
    Kathy Hilton, socialite-Hilton Hotels, mother of Nicky Hilton and Paris Hilton
  • 1960
    Adam Clayton, Irish bassist (U2)
  • 1960
    Joe Ranft, American animator (d. 2005)
  • 1960
    Yuri Andrukhovych, Ukrainian writer, poet and political essayist
  • 1963
    Fito Páez, Argentine musician and songwriter
  • 1964
    João Gordo, American musician (Ratos de Porão)
  • 1964
    Will Clark, American baseball player
  • 1965
    Gigi Rice, American actress
  • 1967
    Andrés Escobar, Colombian footballer (d. 1994)
  • 1968
    Akira Nogami, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1970
    Tim Story, American film director
  • 1971
    Annabeth Gish, American actress
  • 1971
    Robert Lanham, American author and satirist
  • 1972
    Common, American rapper
  • 1973
    Bobby Jackson, American basketballer
  • 1973
    David Draiman, American musician and songwriter (Disturbed)
  • 1973
    Edgar Davids, Dutch footballer
  • 1974
    Thomas Enqvist, Swedish tennis player
  • 1974
    Vampeta, Brazilian footballer
  • 1975
    Chris Ashworth, American actor
  • 1976
    Danny Masterson, American actor
  • 1976
    James Dewees, American musician
  • 1976
    Troy Hudson, American basketball player
  • 1977
    Kay Tse, Hong Kong singer
  • 1977
    Momo Sylla, Guinean footballer
  • 1978
    Kenny Watson, American football player
  • 1978
    Tom Danielson, American cyclist
  • 1979
    Cedric Van Branteghem, Belgian athlete
  • 1979
    Johan Santana, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1979
    Spanky G, American musician (Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1980
    Caron Butler, American basketballer
  • 1980
    Molly Stanton, American actress
  • 1981
    April Matson, American actress and singer
  • 1981
    Stephen Maguire, Scottish snooker player
  • 1981
    Toccara Jones, American fashion model
  • 1982
    Adam Thomson, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1982
    Jeremy Curl, British explorer
  • 1982
    Nicole Ohlde, WNBA basketball player
  • 1983
    Dan Lupu, Romanian Actor
  • 1983
    Kaitlin Sandeno, American swimmer
  • 1984
    Marc Zwiebler, German badminton player
  • 1984
    Noel Fisher, Canadian actor
  • 1984
    Pieter Custers, Dutch athlete
  • 1984
    Rachael Bella, actress
  • 1984
    Steve Darcis, Belgian tennis player
  • 1984
    Yuuka Nanri, Japanese seiyū
  • 1985
    Alcides, Brazilian football player
  • 1985
    Austin Scott, American football player
  • 1985
    Emile Hirsch, American actor
  • 1986
    Chiaki Kyan, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1987
    Marco Andretti, American racecar driver
  • 1987
    Rosela Gjylbegu, Albanian singer
  • 1989
    Harry Melling, British actor
  • 1989
    Holger Badstuber, German footballer
  • 1991
    Lê Quang Liêm, Vietnamese chess player.
  • 1999
    Wiktoria Gąsiewska, Polish actress

Who Died On March 13?

  • 1271
    Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)
  • 1395
    John Barbour, Scottish poet
  • 1417
    Crown Prince Minyekyawswa of Ava (b. 1391)
  • 1516
    King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (b. 1456)
  • 1569
    Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French Huguenot general (b. 1530)
  • 1573
    Michel de l'Hôpital, French statesman (b. 1507)
  • 1604
    Arnaud d'Ossat, French diplomat and writer (b. 1537)
  • 1619
    Richard Burbage, English actor (b. 1567)
  • 1711
    Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (b. 1636)
  • 1719
    Johann Friedrich Böttger, German alchemist (b. 1682)
  • 1767
    Maria Josepha of Saxony, Dauphine of France, mother of Louis XVI (b.1731)
  • 1773
    Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist and explorer (b. 1727)
  • 1778
    Charles le Beau, French historian (b. 1701)
  • 1803
    William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)
  • 1808
    King Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1749)
  • 1842
    Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
  • 1854
    Jean-Baptiste de Villèle, French statesman (b. 1773)
  • 1873
    David Swinson Maynard, Founder of Seattle, Washington, United States (b. 1808)
  • 1879
    Adolf Anderssen, German chess player (b. 1818)
  • 1881
    Tsar Alexander II of Russia (b. 1818)
  • 1884
    Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (b. 1868)
  • 1901
    Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (b. 1833)
  • 1906
    Susan B. Anthony, American women’s suffrage activist (b. 1820)
  • 1911
    John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
  • 1914
    Hakeem Noor-ud-Din, Muslim scholar and 1st Caliph of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in Islam.
  • 1918
    César Cui, Russian composer (b. 1835)
  • 1925
    Lucille Ricksen, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1938
    Clarence Darrow, American attorney (b. 1857)
  • 1938
    Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual (b. 1888)
  • 1941
    Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (b. 1881)
  • 1943
    Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
  • 1949
    Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)
  • 1955
    King Tribhuvan of Nepal (b. 1906)
  • 1960
    Yosef Zvi HaLevy, Israeli rabbi and judge (b. 1874)
  • 1963
    Austin Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1912)
  • 1964
    Kitty Genovese, American murder victim (b. 1935)
  • 1965
    Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
  • 1965
    Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1965
    Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (b. 1891)
  • 1972
    Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)
  • 1975
    Ivo Andrić, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1983
    Louison Bobet, French cyclist (b. 1925)
  • 1988
    John Holmes, American porn star (b. 1944)
  • 1990
    Bruno Bettelheim, American psychiatrist (b. 1903)
  • 1990
    Karl Münchinger, German conductor (b. 1915)
  • 1995
    Leon Day, American baseball player (b. 1916)
  • 1995
    Odette Sansom Hallowes, French-born WWII heroine (b. 1912)
  • 1996
    Krzysztof Kieślowski, Polish film director (b. 1941)
  • 1998
    Bill Reid, Canadian artist (b. 1920)
  • 1998
    Hans von Ohain, German engineer (b. 1911)
  • 1999
    Bidu Sayão, Brazilian born soprano (b. 1902)
  • 1999
    Garson Kanin, American writer and director (b. 1912)
  • 1999
    Lee Falk, American cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 2001
    Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian (b. 1895)
  • 2002
    Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 2004
    Franz König, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)
  • 2006
    Jimmy Johnstone, Scottish footballer (b. 1944)
  • 2006
    Maureen Stapleton, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 2006
    Peter Tomarken, American game show host (Press Your Luck) (b. 1942)
  • 2006
    Robert C. Baker, Inventor of the chicken nugget (b. 1921)
  • 2007
    Arnold Skaaland, American professional wrestler (b. 1925)
  • 2009
    Andrew “Test” Martin, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1975)
  • 2009
    Betsy Blair, American actress of film and stage, (b. 1923)
  • 2010
    He Pingping, the world’s shortest man who was able to walk. (b. 1988)
  • 2011
    Owsley Stanley, Sound Engineer for The Grateful Dead and renowned LSD manufacturer (b. 1935)

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