What happened on July 8? There are more than 240 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 8

July 8 In HistoryJuly 8 is the 189th day of the year 2021. There are 176 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Thursday. This day falls under the 27th week of the year 2021.

On this day in Old Washington, Ohio 43768 sunrise occured at 06:05 AM and sunset occured at 08:56 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Cancer. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 208 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 1, 2022).

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Historical Events For July 8

  • 1099
    First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in a religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
  • 1283
    War of the Sicilian Vespers: the naval Battle of Malta between the Aragonese and the Neapolitan fleets is fought.
  • 1497
    Vasco da Gama sets sail on the first direct European voyage to India.
  • 1579
    Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, is discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan.
  • 1663
    Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal Charter to Rhode Island.
  • 1709
    Great Northern War: Battle of Poltava – Peter I of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at Poltava thus effectively ending Sweden’s role as a major power in Europe.
  • 1716
    Great Northern War: the naval Battle of Dynekilen takes place.
  • 1758
    French forces hold Fort Carillon against the British at Ticonderoga, New York.
  • 1760
    French and Indian War: Battle of Restigouche – British forces defeat French forces in last naval battle in New France.
  • 1775
    The Olive Branch Petition is signed by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies.
  • 1808
    Joseph Bonaparte approves the Bayonne Statute, a royal charter intended as the basis for his rule as king of Spain.
  • 1822
    Chippewas turn over a huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
  • 1859
    King Charles XV & IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • 1864
    Ikedaya Jiken: the Choshu Han shishi’s planned Shinsengumi sabotage on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya.
  • 1874
    The Mounties begin their March West.
  • 1876
    White supremacists kill five Black Republicans in Hamburg, SC.
  • 1879
    Sailing ship USS Jeannette (1878) departs San Francisco carrying an ill-fated expedition to the North Pole.
  • 1889
    The first issue of the Wall Street Journal is published.
  • 1892
    St. John’s, Newfoundland is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.
  • 1896
    William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of Gold speech advocating bimetalism at the 1896 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
  • 1898
    The death of crime boss Soapy Smith (who is shot) releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
  • 1907
    Florenz Ziegfeld staged his first Follies on the roof of the New York Theater in New York City.
  • 1912
    Henrique Mitchell de Paiva Couceiro leads an unsuccessful royalist attack against the Portuguese First Republic in Chaves.
  • 1932
    The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level of the Great Depression, bottoming out at 41.22.
  • 1937
    Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan sign the Treaty of Saadabad.
  • 1947
    Reports are broadcast that a UFO crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico.
  • 1948
    The United States Air Force accepts its first female recruits into a program called Women in the Air Force (WAF).
  • 1960
    Francis Gary Powers is charged with espionage resulting from his flight over the Soviet Union.
  • 1962
    Ne Win besieges and dynamites the Rangoon University Student Union building to crash the Student Movement.
  • 1966
    King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.
  • 1970
    Richard Nixon delivers a special congressional message enunciating Native American Self-Determination as official US Indian policy, leading to the Indian Self-Determination Act.
  • 1982
    Assassination attempt against Iraqi president Saddam Hussein in Dujail.
  • 1988
    The Island Express train travelling from Bangalore to Kanyakumari derails on the Peruman bridge and falls into Ashtamudi Lake, killing 105 passengers and injuring over 200 more.
  • 1994
    Kim Jong-il begins to assume supreme leadership of North Korea upon the death of his father, Kim Il-sung.
  • 2011
    Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched in the final mission of the U.S. Space Shuttle program.

Who Were Born On July 8?

  • 1490
    Albert, Duke of Prussia (d.1568)
  • 1528
    Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy (d. 1580)
  • 1545
    Carlos, Prince of Asturias (d. 1568)
  • 1593
    Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian painter (d. 1653)
  • 1621
    Jean de la Fontaine, French writer (d. 1695)
  • 1760
    Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)
  • 1766
    Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
  • 1792
    Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1819
    Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)
  • 1830
    Frederick William Seward, 6th and 11th United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
  • 1830
    Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg, German-born wife of Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (d. 1911)
  • 1831
    John Stith Pemberton, American druggist and inventor of Coca-Cola (d. 1888)
  • 1836
    Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (d. 1914)
  • 1838
    Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German inventor (d. 1917)
  • 1839
    John D. Rockefeller, American industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1937)
  • 1851
    Arthur Evans, English archaeologist (d. 1941)
  • 1857
    Alfred Binet, French psychologist (d. 1911)
  • 1867
    Käthe Kollwitz, German painter, printmaker and sculptor (d. 1945)
  • 1878
    Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
  • 1882
    Percy Grainger, Australian composer (d. 1961)
  • 1885
    Ernst Bloch, German philosopher (d. 1977)
  • 1892
    Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
  • 1892
    Richard Aldington, English poet (d. 1962)
  • 1895
    Igor Tamm, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1898
    Melville Ruick, American actor (d. 1972)
  • 1904
    Henri Cartan, French mathematician (d. 2008)
  • 1905
    Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (d. 1997)
  • 1906
    Philip Johnson, American architect (d. 2005)
  • 1907
    George W. Romney, American businessman and politician (d. 1995)
  • 1908
    Louis Jordan, American saxophonist (d. 1975)
  • 1908
    Nelson A. Rockefeller, 41st Vice President of the United States (d. 1979)
  • 1914
    Billy Eckstine, American jazz singer (d. 1993)
  • 1914
    Jyoti Basu, Indian politician (d. 2010)
  • 1917
    Faye Emerson, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1918
    Craig Stevens, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1918
    Paul B. Fay, American businessman and cabinet member in the Kennedy administration (d. 2009)
  • 1919
    Walter Scheel, German politician
  • 1920
    Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish industrialist (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
  • 1923
    Harrison Dillard, American sprinter and hurdler
  • 1924
    Johnnie Johnson, American blues pianist (d. 2005)
  • 1926
    Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (d. 2004)
  • 1927
    Maurice Hayes, Irish politician
  • 1928
    Mladen Kerstner, Croatian journalist, author and humorist (d. 1991)
  • 1931
    Roone Arledge, American sports broadcaster (d. 2002)
  • 1932
    Jerry Vale, American singer
  • 1933
    Antonio Lamer, French Canadian lawyer and chief justice (d. 2007)
  • 1934
    Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and politician
  • 1934
    Marty Feldman, English comedian and actor (d. 1982)
  • 1935
    Steve Lawrence, American entertainer and singer
  • 1935
    Vitali Sevastyanov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1940
    Ben Chapman, English politician and civil servant
  • 1941
    Dario Gradi, Italian-born English football manager
  • 1942
    Janice Pennington, American game show model
  • 1942
    Phil Gramm, American politician
  • 1944
    Jai Johanny Johanson, American drummer and percussionist (The Allman Brothers Band)
  • 1944
    Jeffrey Tambor, American actor
  • 1945
    Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss politician
  • 1947
    Kim Darby, American actress
  • 1947
    Luis Fernando Figari, Peruvian founder of Sodalitium Christianae Vitae
  • 1948
    Raffi, Egyptian born Canadian children’s entertainer
  • 1949
    Dale Hoganson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1949
    Frank Delima, American comedian
  • 1949
    Wolfgang Puck, Austrian-born celebrity chef
  • 1949
    Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, Indian politician, the 14th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (d. 2009)
  • 1951
    Alan Ashby, American baseball player
  • 1951
    Anjelica Huston, American actress
  • 1952
    Anna Quindlen, American newspaper columnist
  • 1952
    Jack Lambert, American football player
  • 1952
    Marianne Williamson, American spiritual activist and founder of the Peace Alliance
  • 1955
    Alison Fraser, American actress
  • 1955
    Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress (d. 2008)
  • 1955
    Monty Don, TV presenter, gardener
  • 1956
    Terry Puhl, Canadian baseball player
  • 1957
    Aleksandr Gurnov, Russian television personality
  • 1957
    Carlos Cavazo, Mexican-born American guitarist (Quiet Riot, Ratt)
  • 1958
    Andreas Carlgren, Swedish politician
  • 1958
    Kevin Bacon, American actor
  • 1958
    Neetu Singh, Indian actress
  • 1958
    Tzipi Livni, Israeli politician
  • 1959
    Pauline Quirke, British actress
  • 1959
    Robert Knepper, American actor
  • 1960
    Mal Meninga, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1961
    Andrew Fletcher, English vocalist and synth and bass player (Depeche Mode)
  • 1961
    Toby Keith, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1962
    Carmen Nicole Moelders American atmospheric scientist
  • 1962
    Joan Osborne, American singer and songwriter
  • 1963
    Mark Christopher, American film director
  • 1964
    Alexei Gusarov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1964
    Linda de Mol, Dutch actress and host
  • 1965
    Lee Tergesen, American actor
  • 1966
    Mike Nawrocki, American voice actor
  • 1966
    Ralf Altmeyer, German virologist
  • 1966
    Shadlog Bernicke, Nauruan politician
  • 1967
    Jordan Chan, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1968
    Akio Suyama, Japanese seiyu
  • 1968
    Billy Crudup, American actor
  • 1968
    Michael Weatherly, American actor
  • 1968
    Shane Howarth, New Zealand rugby player (also capped by Wales)
  • 1968
    Thom Fitzgerald, American-Canadian film director
  • 1969
    Sugizo Japanese guitarist and singer (Luna Sea)
  • 1970
    Beck, American singer
  • 1971
    Amanda Peterson, American actress
  • 1971
    John Juanda, Indonesian poker player
  • 1971
    Neil Jenkins, Welsh rugby player
  • 1972
    Karl Dykhuis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972
    Shōsuke Tanihara, Japanese actor
  • 1973
    Kathleen Robertson, Canadian actress
  • 1973
    Sourav Ganguly, Indian cricketer
  • 1974
    Tami Erin, American actress and model
  • 1974
    Zhanna Friske, Russian actress and singer
  • 1975
    Elias Viljanen, Finnish guitarist (Sonata Arctica)
  • 1976
    David Kennedy, American guitarist (Angels & Airwaves)
  • 1976
    Talal El Karkouri, Moroccan footballer
  • 1977
    Milo Ventimiglia, American actor
  • 1977
    Paolo Tiralongo, Italian cyclist
  • 1977
    Wang Zhizhi, Chinese basketball player
  • 1978
    Eve Myles, Welsh actress
  • 1978
    Rachael Lillis, American actress
  • 1979
    André, Armenian singer
  • 1979
    Mat McBriar, American football player
  • 1980
    Robbie Keane, Irish footballer
  • 1981
    Anastasia Myskina, Russian tennis player
  • 1981
    Iyari Limon, American actress
  • 1982
    Hakim Warrick, American basketball player
  • 1982
    Joshua Alba, American actor
  • 1982
    Sophia Bush, American actress
  • 1983
    Daniel Navarro García, Spanish cyclist
  • 1983
    Jaroslav Janiš, Czech racing car driver
  • 1983
    John Bowker, American baseball player
  • 1984
    Alexis Dziena, American actress
  • 1985
    Jamie Cook, British guitarist (Arctic Monkeys)
  • 1986
    Jake McDorman, American actor
  • 1986
    Renata Costa (Kóki), Brazilian footballer
  • 1987
    Vlada Roslyakova, Russian model
  • 1988
    Dave Taylor, Australian rugby league player
  • 1988
    Jesse Sergent, New Zealand cyclist
  • 1992
    Benjamin Grosvenor, British pianist
  • 1992
    Sky Ferreira, American singer
  • 1998
    Jaden Smith, American actor
  • 2000
    Sophie Nyweide, American actress
  • 2001
    Yang Peiyi, Chinese singer

Who Died On July 8?

  • 810
    King Pepin of Italy, son of Charlemagne (b. 773)
  • 901
    Grimbald, Benedectine monk and Saint (b. 827)
  • 975
    Edgar the Peaceful, King of England (b. 943)
  • 1153
    Pope Eugene III (b. c. 1087)
  • 1538
    Diego de Almagro, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
  • 1623
    Pope Gregory XV (b. 1554)
  • 1689
    Edward Wooster, English-born Connecticut pioneer (b. 1622)
  • 1695
    Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician, astronomer, physicist and horologist (b. 1629)
  • 1716
    Robert South, English churchman (b. 1634)
  • 1721
    Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (b. 1649)
  • 1726
    John Ker, Scottish spy (b. 1673)
  • 1784
    Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (b. 1735)
  • 1822
    Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (b. 1792)
  • 1826
    Luther Martin, American statesman (b. 1748)
  • 1850
    Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
  • 1855
    Sir William Edward Parry, English Arctic explorer (b. 1790)
  • 1859
    King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (b. 1799)
  • 1887
    Ben Holladay, American businessman and founder of the Overland Stagecoach Company (b. 1819)
  • 1895
    Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian chemist and physicist (b. 1821)
  • 1898
    Soapy Smith, American con artist and gangster (b. 1860)
  • 1905
    Walter Kittredge, American violinist and abolitionist (b. 1834)
  • 1913
    Louis Hémon, French-born Canadian writer (b. 1880)
  • 1917
    Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)
  • 1930
    Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1856)
  • 1933
    Anthony Hope, British author (b. 1863)
  • 1934
    Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848)
  • 1939
    Havelock Ellis, British physician (b. 1859)
  • 1941
    Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (b. 1874)
  • 1943
    Jean Moulin, French Resistance leader (b. 1899)
  • 1950
    Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1956
    Giovanni Papini, Italian essayist (b. 1881)
  • 1957
    Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (b. 1879)
  • 1961
    Konstantinos Logothetopoulos, Greek medical doctor and politician, the 2nd Prime Minister of the collaborationist Hellenic State (b. 1878)
  • 1962
    Georges Bataille, French writer and philosopher (b. 1897)
  • 1967
    Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani political figure (b. 1893)
  • 1971
    Charlie Shavers, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1920)
  • 1973
    Ben-Zion Dinur, Russian-born Israeli educator, historian and politician (b. 1884)
  • 1973
    Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1979
    Michael Wilding, English actor (b. 1912)
  • 1979
    Robert Burns Woodward, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1979
    Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1981
    Wild Bill Hallahan, American baseball player (b. 1902)
  • 1986
    Skeeter Webb, American baseball player (b. 1909)
  • 1987
    Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (b. 1896)
  • 1987
    Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1988
    Ray Barbuti, American middle distance runner and football player (b. 1905)
  • 1990
    Howard Duff, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1991
    James Franciscus, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 1994
    Christian-Jaque, French film director and screenwriter (b. 1904)
  • 1994
    Dick Sargent, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 1994
    Kim Il-sung, North Korean leader (b. 1912)
  • 1994
    Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-born American entrepreneur and explorer (b. 1927)
  • 1999
    Pete Conrad, American astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 2001
    John O'Shea, New Zealand film director (b. 1920)
  • 2002
    Ward Kimball, American animator (b. 1914)
  • 2004
    Jean Lefebvre, French actor (b. 1922)
  • 2004
    Paula Danziger, American author (b. 1944)
  • 2005
    Luther Vandross, American singer-songwriter (b. 1951)
  • 2006
    June Allyson, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2006
    Peter Hawkins, British actor and voice actor (b. 1924)
  • 2008
    John Templeton, British businessman and philanthropist (b. 1912)
  • 2011
    Betty Ford, First Lady of the United States (b. 1918)
  • 2011
    Mary Fenech Adami, First Lady of Malta (b. 1933)
  • 2011
    Roberts Blossom, American actor and poet (b. 1924)

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