What happened on July 31? There are more than 283 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 31

July 31 In HistoryJuly 31 is the 213rd day of the year 2020. There are 153 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Friday. This day falls under the 31st week of the year 2020.

On this day in Bozeman, Montana 59773 sunrise occured at 06:07 AM and sunset occured at 08:52 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Leo. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 196 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 12, 2021).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the December 6 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For July 31

  • 30 BC
    Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian’s forces, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to his suicide.
  • 781
    The oldest recorded eruption of Mt. Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781).
  • 904
    Thessalonica falls to the Arabs, who destroy the city.
  • 1009
    Pope Sergius IV becomes the 142nd pope, succeeding Pope John XVIII.
  • 1201
    Attempted usurpation of John Komnenos the Fat.
  • 1423
    Hundred Years’ War: Battle of Cravant – the French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne.
  • 1451
    Jacques Cœur is arrested by order of Charles VII of France.
  • 1492
    The Jews are expelled from Spain when the Alhambra Decree takes effect.
  • 1498
    On his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to discover the island of Trinidad.
  • 1588
    The Spanish Armada is spotted off the coast of England.
  • 1655
    Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years.
  • 1658
    Aurangzeb is proclaimed Moghul emperor of India.
  • 1667
    Second Anglo-Dutch War: Treaty of Breda ends the conflict.
  • 1703
    Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers.
  • 1741
    Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia.
  • 1777
    The U.S. Second Continental Congress passes a resolution that the services of Marquis de Lafayette “be accepted, and that, in consideration of his zeal, illustrious family and connexions, he have the rank and commission of major-general of the United States.”
  • 1790
    The very first U.S. patent is issued: to inventor Samuel Hopkins for a potash process.
  • 1856
    Christchurch, New Zealand is chartered as a city.
  • 1865
    The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
  • 1913
    The Balkan States signs an armistice at Bucharest.
  • 1919
    German national assembly adopts the Weimar Constitution, which comes into force on August 14.
  • 1930
    The radio mystery program The Shadow airs for the first time.
  • 1931
    New York City experimental television station W2XAO (now known as WCBS) begins broadcasts.
  • 1932
    The NSDAP (Nazi Party) wins more than 38% of the vote in German elections.
  • 1938
    Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius the Great in Persepolis.
  • 1938
    Bulgaria signs a non-aggression pact with Greece and other states of Balkan Antanti (Turkey, Romania, Yugoslavia).
  • 1940
    A doodlebug train in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio collides with a multi-car freight train heading in the opposite direction, killing 43 people.
  • 1941
    Holocaust: under instructions from Adolf Hitler, Nazi official Hermann Göring, orders SS General Reinhard Heydrich to “submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired final solution of the Jewish question.”
  • 1945
    Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
  • 1948
    At Idlewild Field in New York, New York International Airport (later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport) is dedicated.
  • 1954
    First ascent of K2, by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio.
  • 1956
    Jim Laker becomes the first man to take all 10 wickets in a Test match innings as he returns figures of 10/53 in the Australian 2nd innings. This combined with his 9/37 in the first innings gave him match figures of 19/90 in the 4th Test at Old Trafford.
  • 1961
    At Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts, the first All-Star Game tie in major league baseball history occurs when the game is stopped in the 9th inning because of rain.
  • 1964
    Ranger program: Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the moon, with images 1,000 times clearer than anything ever seen from earth-bound telescopes.
  • 1970
    Black Tot Day: The last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy.
  • 1971
    Apollo program: Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover.
  • 1972
    Operation Motorman: British troops move into the no-go areas of Belfast and Derry, Northern Ireland. End of Free Derry.
  • 1973
    A Delta Air Lines jetliner, flight DL 723 crashes while landing in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, Massachusetts killing 89.
  • 1987
    A rare, class F4 tornado rips through Edmonton, Alberta, killing 27 people and causing $330 million in damage.
  • 1988
    32 people are killed and 1,674 injured when a bridge at the Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal collapses in Butterworth, Malaysia.
  • 1991
    The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania. Soviet OMON attacks Lithuanian customs post in Medininkai, killing 7 officers and severely wounding one other.
  • 1991
    The United States and Soviet Union both sign the START I Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, the first to reduce (with verification) both countries’ stockpiles.
  • 1992
    Georgia joins the United Nations.
  • 1992
    Thai Airways International Flight 311 crashes into a mountain north of Kathmandu, Nepal killing all 113 people on board.
  • 1999
    Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector – NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon’s surface.
  • 2002
    Hebrew University of Jerusalem is attacked when a bomb explodes in a cafeteria, killing 9.
  • 2006
    Fidel Castro hands over power temporarily to brother Raúl Castro.
  • 2007
    Operation Banner, the presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, and the longest-running British Army operation ever, comes to an end.

Who Were Born On July 31?

  • 1143
    Emperor Nijo of Japan (d. 1165)
  • 1396
    Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (d. 1467)
  • 1527
    Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1576)
  • 1598
    Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor and architect (d. 1654)
  • 1702
    Jean Denis Attiret, French Jesuit missionary and painter (d. 1768)
  • 1704
    Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (d. 1752)
  • 1718
    John Canton, English physicist (d. 1772)
  • 1724
    Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer (d. 1801)
  • 1737
    Princess Augusta of Great Britain (d. 1813)
  • 1777
    Pedro Ignacio de Castro Barros, Argentine statesman and priest (d. 1849)
  • 1800
    Friedrich Wöhler, German chemist and founder of organic chemistry (d. 1882)
  • 1803
    John Ericsson, Swedish inventor and engineer (d. 1889)
  • 1816
    George Henry Thomas, American general (d. 1870)
  • 1825
    William S. Clark, American senator and scholar (d. 1886)
  • 1835
    Henri Brisson, French statesman (d. 1912)
  • 1835
    Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (d. 1903)
  • 1837
    William Quantrill, American Civil War rebel guerrilla leader (d. 1865)
  • 1843
    Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet (d. 1918)
  • 1847
    Ignacio Cervantes, Cuban pianist and composer (d. 1905)
  • 1858
    Richard Dixon Oldham, British geologist (d. 1936)
  • 1860
    Mary Vaux Walcott, American artist and naturalist (d. 1940)
  • 1867
    Sebastian S. Kresge, American merchant and philanthropist (d. 1966)
  • 1880
    Munshi Premchand, Indian Author (d. 1936)
  • 1884
    Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German politician (d. 1945)
  • 1886
    Fred Quimby, American film producer (d. 1965)
  • 1886
    Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure (d. 1931)
  • 1887
    Hans Freyer, German sociologist (d. 1969)
  • 1892
    Herbert W. Armstrong, American evangelist, author and publisher (d. 1986)
  • 1892
    Joseph Charbonneau, French-Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1959)
  • 1894
    Fred Keenor, Welsh footballer (d. 1972)
  • 1901
    Jean Dubuffet, French painter and sculptor (d. 1985)
  • 1904
    Brett Halliday, American writer (d. 1977)
  • 1909
    Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn, Austrian writer and polyglot (d. 1999)
  • 1911
    George Liberace, American musician (d. 1983)
  • 1912
    Bill Brown, Australian cricketer (d. 2008)
  • 1912
    Irv Kupcinet, American newspaper columnist (d. 2003)
  • 1912
    Milton Friedman, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1913
    Bryan Hextall, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1984)
  • 1914
    Louis de Funès, French actor and comedian (d. 1983)
  • 1916
    Bill Todman, American game show producer (d. 1979)
  • 1916
    Billy Hitchcock, American baseball player and official (d. 2006)
  • 1916
    Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist (d. 1986)
  • 1918
    Frank Renouf, New Zealand business tycoon (d. 1998)
  • 1918
    Hank Jones, American pianist (d. 2010)
  • 1918
    Paul D. Boyer, American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1919
    Curt Gowdy, American sports announcer (d. 2006)
  • 1919
    Primo Levi, Italian author and chemist (d. 1987)
  • 1920
    James Esdras Faust, American religious leader (d. 2007)
  • 1921
    Donald Malarkey, American World War II hero
  • 1921
    Peter Benenson, British founder of Amnesty International (d. 2005)
  • 1921
    Whitney Young, American civil rights activist (d. 1971)
  • 1922
    Hank Bauer, American baseball player and manager (d. 2007)
  • 1923
    Ahmet Ertegün, Turkish-born record company executive (d. 2006)
  • 1923
    Jimmy Evert, American tennis coach and father of Chris Evert
  • 1926
    Bernard Nathanson, American abortionist turned pro-life activist (d. 2011)
  • 1926
    Hilary Putnam, American philosopher
  • 1929
    Don Murray, American actor
  • 1929
    Gilles Carle, Canadian film director and screenwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1929
    José Santamaria, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1929
    Lynne Reid Banks, British author
  • 1930
    Oleg Popov, Russian clown
  • 1931
    Ivan Rebroff, German singer (d. 2008)
  • 1931
    Kenny Burrell, American guitarist
  • 1931
    Nick Bollettieri, American tennis coach
  • 1932
    John Searle, American philosopher
  • 1932
    Ted Cassidy, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1933
    Cees Nooteboom, Dutch writer
  • 1935
    Geoffrey Lewis, American actor
  • 1935
    Yvon Deschamps, French-Canadian author and humorist
  • 1936
    Vic Davalillo, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1939
    France Nuyen, French actress
  • 1940
    Carol J. Clover, American academic
  • 1940
    Roy Walker, Irish comedian and gameshow host
  • 1941
    Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician (d. 2004)
  • 1943
    Lobo, American singer and songwriter
  • 1943
    Sab Shimono, Japanese-American actor
  • 1943
    Susan Flannery, American actress
  • 1943
    William Bennett, 3rd United States Secretary of Education
  • 1944
    Geraldine Chaplin, American actress
  • 1944
    Jonathan Dimbleby, British journalist and television presenter
  • 1944
    Robert C. Merton, American mathematician
  • 1945
    Gary Lewis, American vocalist (Gary Lewis & the Playboys)
  • 1945
    William Weld, 68th Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1946
    Bob Welch, American musician
  • 1946
    Karen Zerby, American religious leader
  • 1947
    Richard Griffiths, British actor
  • 1950
    Lane Davies, American actor
  • 1950
    Steve Miller, American writer
  • 1951
    Barry Van Dyke, American actor
  • 1951
    Evonne Goolagong, Australian tennis player
  • 1951
    Werner Novak, German footballer
  • 1952
    Alan Autry, American football player and politician
  • 1952
    Chris Ahrens, American ice hockey player
  • 1952
    Helmuts Balderis, Latvian hockey player
  • 1952
    João Barreiros, Portuguese writer
  • 1953
    James Read, American actor
  • 1953
    Jimmy Cook, South African cricketer
  • 1953
    Ted Baillieu, Australian politician
  • 1954
    Derek Smith, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955
    Jakie Quartz, French singer
  • 1956
    Bill Callahan, American football coach
  • 1956
    Deval Patrick, American politician, 71st governor of Massachusetts
  • 1956
    Michael Biehn, American actor
  • 1957
    Daniel Ash, British musician (Bauhaus)
  • 1957
    Dirk Blocker, American actor
  • 1957
    Leon Durham, American baseball player
  • 1958
    Bill Berry, American musician (R.E.M.)
  • 1958
    Wally Kurth, American actor
  • 1959
    Andrew Marr, British journalist and political commentator
  • 1959
    Stanley Jordan, American jazz guitarist
  • 1960
    Dale Hunter, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962
    John Chiang, American politician
  • 1962
    John Laurinaitis, American professional wrestler
  • 1962
    Kevin Greene, American football player
  • 1962
    Wesley Snipes, American actor
  • 1963
    Brian Skrudland, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963
    Norman Cook, British musician (The Housemartins, Freak Power, Beats International, Fatboy Slim)
  • 1964
    Jim Corr, Irish singer and musician (The Corrs)
  • 1965
    J. K. Rowling, British writer
  • 1965
    Julian Richards, British film director
  • 1965
    Scott Brooks, American basketball player
  • 1966
    Dean Cain, American actor
  • 1966
    Kevin Martin, Canadian Curler
  • 1966
    Tatsuya Ishihara, Japanese anime director
  • 1967
    Minako Honda, Japanese singer and musical actress (d. 2005)
  • 1967
    Mitsuo Iwata, Japanese seiyū
  • 1967
    Tim Wright, Welsh composer
  • 1967
    Tony Massenburg, American basketball player
  • 1968
    Mark Cuban, American businessman and basketball team owner
  • 1968
    Saeed-Al-Saffar, Former UAE cricketer
  • 1969
    David Cash, American professional wrestler
  • 1969
    Kenneth D. Schisler, American politician
  • 1969
    Loren Dean, American actor
  • 1970
    Ahmad Akbarpour, Iranian writer
  • 1970
    Amanda Stepto, Canadian actress
  • 1970
    Ben Chaplin, English actor
  • 1970
    Dave Wedge, American journalist
  • 1970
    Giorgos Sigalas, Greek basketball player
  • 1971
    Gus Frerotte, American football player
  • 1971
    John Lowery, American guitarist
  • 1972
    Giorgos Kapoutzidis, Greek screenwriter and actor
  • 1973
    Fabulous Flournoy American basketball player and coach Newcastle Eagles
  • 1973
    Nathan Brown, Australian rugby league player
  • 1974
    Emilia Fox, English actress
  • 1974
    Jonathan Ogden, American football player
  • 1975
    Allan von Schenkel, American musician
  • 1975
    Andrew Hall, Former South African cricketer
  • 1975
    Gabe Kapler, American baseball player and manager
  • 1975
    Mike Lincoln, American baseball player
  • 1975
    Poesy Liang, Founder of Helping Angels
  • 1975
    Randy Flores, American baseball player
  • 1975
    Ruben Patterson, American basketball player
  • 1975
    Simon Hirst, British radio DJ
  • 1976
    Joshua Cain, American musician (Motion City Soundtrack)
  • 1976
    Paulo Wanchope, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1977
    Tim Couch, American football player
  • 1978
    Justin Wilson, English racing driver
  • 1978
    Nick Sorensen, American football player
  • 1978
    Will Champion, English musician (Coldplay)
  • 1978
    Zeta Makripoulia, Greek actress, model and TV presenter
  • 1979
    B. J. Novak, American actor
  • 1979
    Carlos Marchena, Spanish footballer
  • 1979
    J. J. Furmaniak, American baseball player
  • 1979
    Jaco Erasmus, South African-born Italian rugby player
  • 1979
    Jade Kwan, Hong Kong singer
  • 1979
    Per Krøldrup, Danish footballer
  • 1980
    Mikko Hirvonen, Finnish Rally driver
  • 1980
    Mils Muliaina, New Zealand rugby union player
  • 1981
    Eric Lively, American actor
  • 1981
    Ira Losco, Maltese singer
  • 1981
    J.Son Dinant, American comedian
  • 1981
    Matthew Sanders, American singer (Avenged Sevenfold)
  • 1981
    Titus Bramble, English footballer
  • 1982
    Blessing Mahwire, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982
    DeMarcus Ware, American football player
  • 1982
    Jeff DaRosa, American multi-instrumentalist (Dropkick Murphys)
  • 1985
    Daniel Ciofani, Italian footballer
  • 1985
    Rémy Di Gregorio, French cyclist
  • 1986
    Evgeni Malkin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1987
    Brittany Byrnes, Australian Actress
  • 1987
    Michael Bradley, American soccer player
  • 1988
    Krystal Meyers, American Christian singer/songwriter/musician
  • 1989
    Joey Richter, American actor/singer (member of Team StarKid)
  • 1989
    Victoria Azarenka, Belarusian tennis player
  • 1990
    Besart Abdurahimi, Croatian football player of Albanian origin.
  • 1990
    Olga Galchenko, Russian juggler
  • 1997
    Barbie Forteza, Filipina child actress
  • 1998
    Rico Rodriguez II, American child actor

Who Died On July 31?

  • 855
    Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Muslim Jurisprudent (b. 780)
  • 1396
    William Courtenay, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1342)
  • 1508
    Na'od, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1494)
  • 1556
    Ignatius Loyola, Spanish priest and founder of the Jesuits (b. 1491)
  • 1653
    Thomas Dudley, Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1576)
  • 1726
    Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1695)
  • 1750
    King John V of Portugal (b. 1689)
  • 1784
    Denis Diderot, French philosopher and encyclopedist (b. 1713)
  • 1805
    Dheeran Chinnamalai, Indian Freedom Fighter (b. 1756)
  • 1864
    Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (b. 1800)
  • 1875
    Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States (b. 1808)
  • 1884
    Emperor Kien Phuc, the 7th emperor of the Vietnamese Nguyễn Dynasty (d. 1869)
  • 1886
    Franz Liszt, Hungarian composer (b. 1811)
  • 1914
    Jean Jaurès, French politician (d. 1859)
  • 1917
    Francis Ledwidge, Irish poet (b. 1881)
  • 1917
    Hedd Wyn, Welsh poet (b. 1887)
  • 1920
    Ion Dragoumis, Greek diplomat, writer and revolutionary (b. 1878)
  • 1940
    Udham Singh, Indian Extremist Freedom Fighter(b. 1899)
  • 1943
    Hedley Verity, English Test cricketer (b. 1905)
  • 1944
    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French pilot and writer (b. 1900)
  • 1953
    Robert Taft, U.S. Senator from Ohio and Presidential candidate (b. 1889)
  • 1954
    Onofre Marimón, Argentine racing driver (b. 1923)
  • 1963
    Sir Robert Chapman, British soldier and politician (b. 1880)
  • 1964
    Jim Reeves, American singer (b. 1923)
  • 1966
    Bud Powell, American jazz pianist (b. 1924)
  • 1970
    Walter Briggs, Jr., American sports executive (b. 1912)
  • 1972
    Paul-Henri Spaak, Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1899)
  • 1973
    Azumafuji Kin'ichi, Japanese sumo wrestler (the 40th Yokozuna) and professional wrestler (b. 1921)
  • 1980
    Mohammed Rafi, Indian playback singer (b. 1924)
  • 1980
    Pascual Jordan, German physicist (b. 1902)
  • 1981
    General Omar Torrijos of Panama (b. 1929).
  • 1986
    Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (b. 1900)
  • 1986
    Teddy Wilson, American jazz pianist (b. 1912)
  • 1987
    Joseph E. Levine, American film producer (b, 1905)
  • 1988
    Trinidad Silva, American actor (b. 1950)
  • 1990
    Albert Leduc, French Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1902)
  • 1993
    King Baudouin I of Belgium (b. 1930)
  • 1996
    Seagram Miller, American rapper (b. 1970)
  • 2001
    Francisco da Costa Gomes, 16th President of Portugal (b. 1914)
  • 2001
    Friedrich Franz, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (b. 1910)
  • 2001
    Poul Anderson, American author (b. 1926)
  • 2003
    Guido Crepax, Italian comics artist (b. 1933)
  • 2004
    Laura Betti, Italian actress (b. 1927)
  • 2004
    Virginia Grey, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2005
    Wim Duisenberg, Dutch banker (b. 1935)
  • 2006
    Paul Eells, American sportscaster (b. 1935)
  • 2009
    Harry Alan Towers, English film producer and screenwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2009
    Sir Bobby Robson, English professional football player and manager (b. 1933)

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