What happened on July 3? There are more than 246 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 3

July 3 In HistoryJuly 3 is the 185th day of the year 2020. There are 181 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Friday. This day falls under the 27th week of the year 2020.

On this day in Gibbonsville, Idaho 83463 sunrise occured at 05:52 AM and sunset occured at 09:27 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Cancer. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 224 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 12, 2021).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the October 22 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For July 3

  • 324
    Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium.
  • 987
    Hugh Capet is crowned King of France, the first of the Capetian dynasty that would rule France till the French Revolution in 1792.
  • 1608
    Québec City is founded by Samuel de Champlain.
  • 1754
    French and Indian War: George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French forces.
  • 1767
    Norway’s oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded and the first edition is published.
  • 1767
    Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.
  • 1775
    American Revolutionary War: George Washington takes command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1778
    American Revolutionary War: British forces kill 360 people in the Wyoming Valley massacre.
  • 1819
    The Bank of Savings in New York City, the first savings bank in the United States, opens.
  • 1839
    The first state normal school in the United States, the forerunner to today’s Framingham State College, opens in Lexington, Massachusetts with 3 students.
  • 1844
    The last pair of Great Auks is killed.
  • 1848
    Slaves are freed in the Danish West Indies (now U.S. Virgin Islands) by Peter von Scholten in the culmination of a year-long plot by enslaved Africans.
  • 1849
    The French enter Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
  • 1852
    Congress establishes the United States’ 2nd mint in San Francisco, California.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: The final day of the Battle of Gettysburg culminates with Pickett’s Charge.
  • 1866
    Austro-Prussian War is decided at the Battle of Königgratz, resulting in Prussia taking over as the prominent German nation from Austria.
  • 1884
    Dow Jones and Company publishes its first stock average.
  • 1886
    Karl Benz officially unveils the Benz Patent Motorwagen – the first purpose-built automobile.
  • 1886
    The New York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand.
  • 1890
    Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.
  • 1898
    Spanish-American War: The Spanish fleet, led by Pascual Cervera y Topete, is destroyed by the U.S. Navy in Santiago, Cuba.
  • 1913
    Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett’s Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
  • 1938
    President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.
  • 1938
    World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 126 mph.
  • 1940
    World War II: the French fleet of the Atlantic based at Mers el Kébir, is bombarded by the British fleet, coming from Gibraltar, causing the loss of three battleships: Dunkerque, Provence and Bretagne. One thousand two hundred sailors perish.
  • 1944
    World War II: Minsk is liberated from Nazi control by Soviet troops during Operation Bagration.
  • 1952
    The Constitution of Puerto Rico is approved by the Congress of the United States.
  • 1952
    The SS United States sets sail on her maiden voyage to Southampton. During the voyage, the ship takes the Blue Riband away from the RMS Queen Mary.
  • 1962
    The Algerian War of Independence against the French ends.
  • 1969
    The biggest explosion in the history of rocketry occurs when the Soviet N-1 rocket explodes and subsequently destroys its launchpad.
  • 1970
    A British Dan-Air De Havilland Comet chartered jetliner crashes into mountains north of Barcelona, Spain killing 113 people.
  • 1970
    The Troubles: the “Falls Curfew” begins in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
  • 1979
    U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
  • 1988
    The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus.
  • 1988
    United States Navy warship USS Vincennes shoots down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard.
  • 1994
    The deadliest day in Texas traffic history, according to the Texas Department of Public Safety. Forty-six people are killed in crashes.
  • 1996
    Stone of Scone is returned to Scotland.
  • 2001
    A Vladivostok Avia Tupolev Tu-154 jetliner crashes on approach to landing at Irkutsk, Russia killing 145 people.
  • 2005
    Same-sex marriage in Spain becomes legal.
  • 2006
    Valencia metro accident leaves 43 dead in Valencia, Spain.

Who Were Born On July 3?

  • 1423
    King Louis XI of France (d. 1483)
  • 1442
    Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1500)
  • 1518
    Li Shizhen, Chinese physician (d. 1593)
  • 1530
    Claude Fauchet, French historian (d. 1601)
  • 1676
    Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal (d. 1747)
  • 1683
    Edward Young, English poet (d. 1765)
  • 1685
    Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer (d. 1768)
  • 1728
    Robert Adam, Scottish architect (d. 1792)
  • 1738
    John Singleton Copley, American painter (d. 1815)
  • 1743
    Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1813)
  • 1851
    Charles Bannerman, Australian cricketer (d. 1930)
  • 1854
    Leoš Janáček, Czech composer (d. 1928)
  • 1866
    Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter (d. 1907)
  • 1870
    Richard Bedford Bennett, 11th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1947)
  • 1875
    Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German surgeon (d. 1951)
  • 1876
    Ralph Barton Perry, American philosopher (d. 1957)
  • 1878
    George M. Cohan, American actor, director, singer and dancer (d. 1942)
  • 1879
    Alfred Korzybski, Polish linguist (d. 1950)
  • 1880
    Carl Schuricht, Polish-born German conductor (d. 1967)
  • 1883
    Franz Kafka, Czech-German writer (d. 1924)
  • 1886
    Raymond A. Spruance, American Navy admiral (d. 1969)
  • 1888
    Ramón Gómez de la Serna, Spanish writer (d. 1963)
  • 1893
    Mississippi John Hurt, country blues singer and guitarist (d. 1966) (some confusion about date of birth)
  • 1900
    Alessandro Blasetti, Italian film director (d. 1987)
  • 1903
    Ace Bailey, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1992)
  • 1906
    George Sanders, British actor (d. 1972)
  • 1906
    Jack Earle, American actor and sideshow performer (d. 1952)
  • 1908
    M. F. K. Fisher, American writer (d. 1992)
  • 1908
    Robert B. Meyner, American politician (d. 1990)
  • 1910
    Fritz Kasparek, Austrian mountaineer (d. 1954)
  • 1913
    Dorothy Kilgallen, American columnist (d. 1965)
  • 1916
    John Kundla, American college and professional basketball coach
  • 1917
    João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (d. 1990)
  • 1918
    S. V. Ranga Rao, South Indian actor (Telugu Cinema Actor) (d. 1974)
  • 1920
    Paul O'Dea, American baseball player (d. 1978)
  • 1921
    Susan Peters, American actress (d. 1952)
  • 1922
    Guillaume Cornelis van Beverloo, Belgian painter, called Corneille (d. 2010)
  • 1924
    S. R. Nathan, 6th president of Singapore
  • 1926
    Johnny Coles, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1997)
  • 1927
    Ken Russell, British director (d. 2011)
  • 1928
    Roger Horchow, American entrepreneur and Broadway producer
  • 1930
    Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1930
    Pete Fountain, American clarinetist
  • 1930
    Tommy Tedesco, American musician (d. 1997)
  • 1931
    Frits Helmuth, Danish actor (d. 2004)
  • 1932
    Richard Mellon Scaife, American newspaper publisher
  • 1933
    Edward Brandt, American doctor and public health official (d. 2007)
  • 1935
    Harrison Schmitt, American astronaut and politician
  • 1936
    Baard Owe, Norwegian-born Danish actor
  • 1937
    Tom Stoppard, Czech-born, British playwright
  • 1938
    Bolo Yeung, Hong Kong actor
  • 1939
    Brigitte Fassbaender, German mezzo-soprano
  • 1939
    László Kovács, Hungarian politician and diplomat
  • 1940
    César Tovar, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1994)
  • 1940
    Fontella Bass, American soul singer
  • 1940
    Jerzy Buzek, Prime Minister of Poland
  • 1940
    Lamar Alexander, American politician
  • 1941
    Gloria Allred, American Attorney
  • 1942
    Eddy Mitchell, French singer and actor
  • 1942
    Paco Stanley, Mexican TV personality (d. 1999)
  • 1943
    Judith Durham, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1943
    Kurtwood Smith, American actor
  • 1944
    Michel Polnareff, French singer and songwriter
  • 1945
    Michael Cole, American TV actor
  • 1945
    Saharon Shelah, Israeli mathematician
  • 1946
    Johnny Lee, American country-and-western singer
  • 1946
    Leszek Miller, Prime Minister of Poland
  • 1947
    Anthony “Top” Topham, English musician
  • 1947
    Betty Buckley, American actress
  • 1947
    Dave Barry, American humorist and author
  • 1948
    Paul Barrere, American guitarist & songwriter (Little Feat)
  • 1948
    Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist
  • 1949
    Jan Smithers, American actress
  • 1949
    Johnnie Wilder, Jr., American singer (Heatwave) (d. 2006)
  • 1950
    Ewen Chatfield, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1950
    James Hahn, American politician
  • 1951
    Jean-Claude Duvalier, Haitian politician
  • 1951
    Richard Hadlee, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1952
    Amit Kumar, Indian singer
  • 1952
    Andy Fraser, English songwriter and bass guitarist
  • 1955
    Sanma Akashiya, Japanese television performer
  • 1956
    Don Vito, American Viva La Bam castmember
  • 1956
    Montel Williams, American talk show host
  • 1957
    Ken Ober, American game show host (d. 2009)
  • 1957
    Laura Branigan, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1958
    Aaron Tippin, American singer
  • 1958
    Charlie Higson, English author and actor
  • 1958
    Didier Mouron, Swiss artist
  • 1958
    Matthew Fraser, Canadian-British journalist
  • 1958
    Siân Lloyd, Welsh weather presenter
  • 1959
    David Shore, Canadian-born writer
  • 1959
    Julie Burchill, British journalist and author
  • 1959
    Stephen Pearcy, American singer (Ratt)
  • 1960
    Vince Clarke, British songwriter (Depeche Mode, Yazoo, and Erasure)
  • 1961
    Pedro Romeiras, Portuguese dancer
  • 1961
    Tim Smith, English musician (Cardiacs)
  • 1962
    Hugh Page, former South African cricketer
  • 1962
    Hunter Tylo, American actress
  • 1962
    Thomas Gibson, American actor
  • 1962
    Tom Cruise, American actor
  • 1964
    Joanne Harris, British author
  • 1964
    Yeardley Smith, French-born American actress
  • 1965
    Connie Nielsen, Danish actress
  • 1965
    Shinya Hashimoto, Japanese wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1966
    Moisés Alou, Dominican baseball player
  • 1966
    Robin Burgener, Canadian programmer, inventor of 20Q
  • 1967
    Brian Cashman, American major league baseball executive
  • 1967
    Spiros Marangos, Greek footballer
  • 1968
    Aku Louhimies, Finnish film director and screenwriter
  • 1969
    Kevin Hearn, Canadian musician (Barenaked Ladies)
  • 1970
    Serhiy Honchar, Ukrainian cyclist
  • 1970
    Shawnee Smith, American actress
  • 1970
    Teemu Selänne, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1971
    Julian Assange, Australian journalist, publisher and Internet activist
  • 1972
    Tim Rose, Australian Artist
  • 1972
    Warren Furman, British television personality
  • 1973
    Ólafur Stefánsson, Icelandic handball player
  • 1973
    Emma Cunniffe, British actress
  • 1973
    Johnny Terris, Canadian actor and director
  • 1973
    Patrick Wilson, American actor
  • 1976
    Andrea Barber, American actress
  • 1976
    Bobby Skinstad, Springbok rugby player
  • 1976
    Henry Olonga, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1976
    Shane Lynch, Boyzone singer
  • 1976
    Wade Belak, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2011)
  • 1976
    Wanderlei Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • 1977
    David Bowens, American football player
  • 1978
    Mizuki Noguchi, Japanese long-distance runner
  • 1979
    Ludivine Sagnier, French actress
  • 1980
    Bostjan Nachbar, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1980
    Giorgos Theodoridis, Greek footballer
  • 1980
    Harbhajan Singh, Indian cricketer
  • 1980
    Melisa Young, American Rapper (“Kid Sister”)
  • 1980
    Olivia Munn, American television hostess
  • 1980
    Roland Mark Schoeman, South African swimmer
  • 1981
    Justin Torkildsen, American actor
  • 1982
    Kanika, Indian actress
  • 1983
    Edinson Volquez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1983
    Steph Jones, American singer and model
  • 1984
    Corey Sevier, Canadian actor
  • 1984
    Manny Lawson, American football player
  • 1984
    Nicolas Roche, Irish cyclist
  • 1984
    Syed Rasel, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1985
    Minami Keisuke, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1986
    Greg Paulus, American basketball and football player
  • 1987
    Sebastian Vettel, German racing driver
  • 1988
    Winston Reid, New Zealand-Danish footballer
  • 1989
    Godfrey Walusimbi, Ugandan footbller
  • 1990
    Bobby Hopkinson, English footballer
  • 1992
    Nathalia Ramos, Spanish actress and singer

Who Died On July 3?

  • 1570
    Aonio Paleario, Italian humanist
  • 1672
    Francis Willughby, English biologist (b. 1635)
  • 1749
    William Jones, Welsh mathematician (b. 1675)
  • 1778
    Anna Maria Pertl Mozart, mother of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (b. 1720)
  • 1790
    Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l'Isle, French chemist (b. 1736)
  • 1795
    Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general and governor of Louisiana (b. 1716)
  • 1795
    Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (b. 1714)
  • 1809
    Joseph Quesnel, French-Canadian composer and playwright (b. 1746)
  • 1858
    Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov, Russian painter (b. 1806)
  • 1863
    George Hull Ward, American general (b. 1826)
  • 1904
    Edouard Beaupré, Canadian giant and strongman (b. 1881)
  • 1904
    Theodor Herzl, Austrian Zionist (b. 1860)
  • 1908
    Joel Chandler Harris, American writer (b. 1845)
  • 1916
    Hetty Green, American businesswoman (b. 1834)
  • 1918
    Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1844)
  • 1933
    Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (b. 1852)
  • 1935
    André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (b. 1878)
  • 1937
    Jacob Schick, American-Canadian electric razor inventor (b. 1877)
  • 1942
    Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general (b. 1856)
  • 1954
    Siegfried Handloser, German physician (b. 1895)
  • 1957
    Dolf Luque, baseball player (b. 1890)
  • 1965
    Trigger, Roy Rogers’ horse (b. 1932)
  • 1969
    Brian Jones, English musician (The Rolling Stones) (b. 1942)
  • 1971
    Jim Morrison, American singer (The Doors) (b. 1943)
  • 1977
    Alexander M. Volkov, Russian novelist and mathematician (b. 1891)
  • 1978
    James Daly, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1979
    Louis Durey, French composer (b. 1888)
  • 1981
    Ross Martin, Polish-American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1985
    Frank Selke, Canadian ice hockey manager (b. 1893)
  • 1986
    Rudy Vallee, American singer (b. 1901)
  • 1989
    Jim Backus, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1991
    Lê Văn Thiêm, Vietnamese mathematician (b. 1918)
  • 1993
    Curly Joe DeRita, American actor and comedian (b. 1909)
  • 1993
    Don Drysdale, American baseball player (b. 1936)
  • 1994
    Lew Hoad, Australian tennis player (b. 1934)
  • 1995
    Eddie Mazur, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1929)
  • 1995
    Pancho Gonzales, American tennis player (b. 1928)
  • 1997
    Amado Carrillo Fuentes, Mexican drug lord and leader of the Juárez Cartel (b. 1956)
  • 1998
    Danielle Bunten Berry, American software developer (b. 1949)
  • 1999
    Mark Sandman, American musician (b. 1952)
  • 2000
    Kemal Sunal, Turkish actor (b. 1944)
  • 2001
    Johnny Russell, American country singer and songwriter (b. 1940)
  • 2001
    Mordecai Richler, Canadian author (b. 1931)
  • 2003
    Gaetano Alibrandi, Papal diplomat (b. 1914)
  • 2004
    Andrian Nikolayev, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1929)
  • 2005
    Alberto Lattuada, Italian film director (b. 1914)
  • 2005
    Gaylord Nelson, American politician (b. 1916)
  • 2006
    Benjamin Hendrickson, American actor (b. 1950)
  • 2006
    Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (b. 1941)
  • 2007
    Alice Timander, Swedish dentist (b. 1915)
  • 2007
    Boots Randolph, American saxophonist (b. 1927)
  • 2008
    Clive Hornby, English soap actor (“Emmerdale”) (b. 1944)
  • 2008
    Ernie Cooksey, English footballer (b. 1980)
  • 2008
    Larry Harmon, American entertainer and TV producer (b. 1925)
  • 2008
    Oliver Schroer, Canadian fiddler and composer (b. 1956)
  • 2009
    John A. Keel, American fortean, television scriptwriter, author of The Mothman Prophecies (b. 1930)

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