What happened on July 2? There are more than 247 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 2

July 2 In HistoryJuly 2 is the 184th day of the year 2020. There are 182 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Thursday. This day falls under the 27th week of the year 2020.

On this day in Washington, District of Columbia 20003 sunrise occured at 05:47 AM and sunset occured at 08:37 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Cancer. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 225 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 12, 2021).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the October 31 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

July 2: A Day In History

This day is the midpoint of a common year because there are 182 days before and 182 days after (median of the year) in common years, and 183 before and 182 after in leap years. The exact time in the middle of the year is at noon, or 12:00 p.m. In the UK and other countries that use “Summer Time” the actual exact time of the mid point in a common year is at 1:00 p.m. this is when 182 days and 12 hours have elapsed and there are 182 days and 12 hours remaining. This is due to Summer Time having advanced the time by one hour. It falls on the same day of the week as New Year’s Day in common years.

Historical Events For July 2

  • 437
    Emperor Valentinian III, begins his reign over the Western Roman Empire. His mother Galla Placidia ends her regency, but continues to exercise political influence at the court in Rome.
  • 626
    Li Shimin, the future Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China, ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Incident at Xuanwu Gate.
  • 706
    In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang inters the bodies of relatives in the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang outside Chang'an.
  • 963
    The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.
  • 1298
    The Battle of Göllheim is fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg.
  • 1494
    The Treaty of Tordesillas is ratified by Spain.
  • 1555
    The Ottoman Admiral Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola.
  • 1561
    Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz.
  • 1582
    Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.
  • 1613
    The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall takes place.
  • 1644
    English Civil War: Battle of Marston Moor.
  • 1679
    Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.
  • 1698
    Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine.
  • 1776
    The Continental Congress adopts a resolution severing ties with Great Britain although the wording of the formal Declaration of Independence is not approved until July 4.
  • 1777
    Vermont becomes the first American territory to abolish slavery.
  • 1823
    Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
  • 1839
    Twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinqué take over the slave ship Amistad.
  • 1853
    The Russian Army crossed the Pruth river into the Danubian Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia—providing the spark that set off the Crimean War.
  • 1871
    Victor Emmanuel II of Italy enters Rome after having conquered it from the Papal States.
  • 1881
    Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from an infection on September 19.
  • 1890
    The U.S. Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
  • 1897
    Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi obtains a patent for radio in London.
  • 1900
    The first Zeppelin flight takes place on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
  • 1917
    The East St. Louis Riots end.
  • 1934
    The Night of the Long Knives ends with the death of Ernst Röhm.
  • 1937
    Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan are last heard from over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial round-the-world flight.
  • 1940
    Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta.
  • 1950
    The Golden Pavilion at Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan burns down.
  • 1962
    The first Wal-Mart store opens for business in Rogers, Arkansas.
  • 1964
    U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 meant to prohibit segregation in public places.
  • 1966
    The French military explodes a nuclear test bomb codenamed Aldébaran in Mururoa, their first nuclear test in the Pacific.
  • 1976
    Fall of the Republic of Vietnam; Communist North Vietnam declares their union to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
  • 1986
    Rodrigo Rojas and Carmen Gloria Quintana where burnt alive during a street demonstration against the dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet in Chile.
  • 1993
    37 participants in an Alevi cultural and literary festival are killed when a mob of demonstrators set fire to their hotel in Sivas during a violent protest.
  • 2000
    Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of México from an opposition party, the Partido Acción Nacional, after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional.
  • 2001
    The AbioCor self contained artificial heart is first implanted.
  • 2002
    Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.
  • 2010
    The South Kivu tank truck explosion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo kills at least 230 people.

Who Were Born On July 2?

  • 419
    Valentinian III, Roman Emperor (d. 455)
  • 1262
    Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1312)
  • 1363
    Maria, Queen of Sicily and Duchess of Athens (d. 1401)
  • 1489
    Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1556)
  • 1492
    Elizabeth Tudor, English princess (d. 1495)
  • 1647
    Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, English privy councilor (d. 1730)
  • 1665
    Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (d. 1726)
  • 1667
    Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal (d. 1740)
  • 1698
    Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena (d. 1780)
  • 1714
    Christoph Willibald Gluck, German composer (d. 1787)
  • 1724
    Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet (d. 1803)
  • 1819
    Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer (d. 1900)
  • 1820
    George Law Curry, American newspaper publisher and 5th and 7th Governor of the Oregon Territory (d. 1878)
  • 1821
    Charles Tupper, 6th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1915)
  • 1849
    Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Czech-born Queen consort of Bavaria (d. 1919)
  • 1862
    William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1942)
  • 1865
    Lily Braun, German writer (d. 1916)
  • 1876
    Wilhelm Cuno, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1877
    Hermann Hesse, German-born writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1962)
  • 1881
    Royal H. Weller, American politician (d. 1929)
  • 1884
    Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (d. 1931)
  • 1893
    Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center) (d. 1950)
  • 1896
    Lydia Mei, Estonian painter (d. 1965)
  • 1900
    Tyrone Guthrie, English actor (d. 1971)
  • 1903
    Alec Douglas-Home, 66th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1903
    King Olav V of Norway (d. 1991)
  • 1904
    René Lacoste, French tennis player and businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1906
    Christos Tsaganeas, Greek actor (d. 1976)
  • 1906
    Hans Bethe, German-born nuclear physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1908
    Thurgood Marshall, American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1993)
  • 1914
    Frederick Fennell, American conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1914
    Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (d. 1990)
  • 1915
    Arthur Wellesley, 8th Duke of Wellington, Italy-born British peer
  • 1916
    Hans-Ulrich Rudel, German combat pilot, the highest-decorated German soldier of WWII (d. 1982)
  • 1916
    Ken Curtis, American actor and singer (d. 1991)
  • 1917
    Murry Wilson, American songwriter and record producer (The Beach Boys) (d. 1973)
  • 1918
    Wibo, Dutch cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • 1919
    Jean Craighead George, American writer
  • 1923
    Wisława Szymborska, Polish poet, Nobel laureate
  • 1925
    Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist (d. 1963)
  • 1925
    Patrice Lumumba, 1st democratically elected Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1961)
  • 1926
    Octavian Paler, Romanian writer and journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1927
    Brock Peters, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1929
    Imelda Marcos, Filipino First Lady, wife of Ferdinand Marcos
  • 1929
    John A. Cade, American politician
  • 1930
    Carlos Menem, Argentine politician, 50th President of Argentina
  • 1932
    Dave Thomas, American fast food entrepreneur (Wendy’s) (d. 2002)
  • 1933
    Kenny Wharram, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1934
    Tom Springfield, British singer and songwriter (The Springfields)
  • 1937
    Polly Holliday, American actress
  • 1937
    Richard Petty, American race car driver
  • 1939
    Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet
  • 1939
    John H. Sununu, White House Chief of Staff under George HW Bush
  • 1939
    Paul Williams, American singer (The Temptations) (d. 1973)
  • 1940
    Kenneth Clarke, British politician
  • 1941
    Stéphane Venne, French-Canadian songwriter
  • 1942
    Vicente Fox, Mexican politician, 35th President of Mexico
  • 1943
    Walter Godefroot, Belgian cyclist
  • 1946
    Richard Axel, American neuroscientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1946
    Ron Silver, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1947
    Larry David, American television producer
  • 1948
    Gene McFadden, American songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1948
    Saul Rubinek, Canadian actor
  • 1949
    Greg Brown, American folk singer
  • 1949
    Hanno Pöschl, Austrian actor
  • 1949
    Robert Paquette, French-Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1949
    Roy Bittan, American keyboardist (E Street Band)
  • 1951
    Elisabeth Brooks, Canadian actress (d. 1997)
  • 1951
    Michele Santoro, Italian TV journalist
  • 1952
    Johnny Colla, American guitarist and saxophonist (Huey Lewis and the News)
  • 1953
    Mark Hart, American multi-instrumentalist (Crowded House, Supertramp)
  • 1953
    Tony Armas, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1954
    Pete Briquette, Irish bassist (The Boomtown Rats)
  • 1955
    Andrew Divoff, Venezuelan actor
  • 1955
    Kevin Michael Grace, Canadian journalist
  • 1956
    Jerry Hall, American actress
  • 1957
    Bret “The Hitman” Hart, Canadian pro wrestler
  • 1957
    Purvis Short, American basketball player
  • 1958
    Dang Thai Son, Vietnamese classical pianist
  • 1958
    Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop
  • 1959
    Mike Hallett, English snooker player
  • 1960
    Terry Rossio, American screenwriter
  • 1961
    Michael Lindsay, American voice actor
  • 1961
    Samy Naceri, French actor
  • 1963
    Mark Kermode, British film critic
  • 1964
    Alan Tait, Scotland rugby player
  • 1964
    Andrea Yates, American murderer
  • 1964
    Charles Robinson, American wrestling referee
  • 1964
    Hisakatsu Oya, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1964
    Joe Magrane, American baseball player
  • 1964
    José Canseco, Cuban-born American baseball player
  • 1964
    Ozzie Canseco, Cuban-born American baseball player
  • 1969
    Matthew Cox, American convicted felon
  • 1969
    Tim Rodber, England rugby player
  • 1970
    Colin Edwin, Australian bassist (Porcupine Tree)
  • 1970
    Monie Love, English rapper
  • 1970
    Scotty 2 Hotty, American professional wrestler
  • 1970
    Steve Morrow, Irish footballer
  • 1970
    Yancy Butler, American actress
  • 1971
    Bryan Redpath, Scottish rugby player
  • 1971
    Evelyn Lau, Canadian poet and novelist
  • 1971
    Troy Brown, American football player
  • 1972
    Darren Shan, Irish children’s author
  • 1973
    Peter Kay, British comedian
  • 1974
    Matthew Reilly, Australian author
  • 1974
    Moon So-ri, South Korean actress
  • 1974
    Rocky Gray, American drummer and guitarist (Evanescence, Living Sacrifice)
  • 1974
    Sean Casey, American baseball player
  • 1974
    Tim Christensen, Danish singer and multi-instrumentalist (Dizzy Mizz Lizzy)
  • 1975
    Éric Dazé, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975
    Erik Ohlsson, Swedish guitarist (Millencolin)
  • 1975
    Stefan Terblanche, South African rugby player
  • 1976
    Krisztián Lisztes, Hungarian footballer
  • 1976
    Tomáš Vokoun, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1978
    Jüri Ratas, Estonian politician
  • 1978
    Julie Night, American pornographic actress
  • 1979
    Diana Gurtskaya, Georgian singer
  • 1979
    Joe Thornton, Canadian hockey player
  • 1979
    Sam Hornish, Jr., American race car driver
  • 1980
    Nicole Briscoe, American beauty queen and sports commentator
  • 1980
    Nyjer Morgan, American baseball player
  • 1981
    Aaron Voros, Canadian hockey player
  • 1981
    Alex Koroknay-Palicz, American youth rights activist
  • 1981
    Angel Pagán, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1981
    Carlos Rogers, American football player
  • 1981
    Nathan Ellington, English soccer player
  • 1983
    Michelle Branch, American singer (The Wreckers)
  • 1983
    Sammy J, Australian comedian
  • 1984
    Johnny Weir, American figure skater
  • 1984
    Thomas Kortegaard, Danish footballer
  • 1984
    Vanessa Lee Chester, American actress
  • 1985
    Ashley Tisdale, American actress and singer
  • 1985
    Chad Henne, American football player
  • 1985
    Corey Bringas, American actor
  • 1985
    Jurgen Roelandts, Belgian cyclist
  • 1985
    Rhett Bomar, American football player
  • 1986
    Brett Cecil, American baseball player
  • 1986
    Lindsay Lohan, American actress
  • 1987
    Ruslana Korshunova, Kazakh model (d. 2008)
  • 1988
    Lee Chung-Yong, South Korean footballer
  • 1989
    Alex Morgan, American soccer player
  • 1989
    Dev, American singer and recording artist
  • 1990
    Danny Rose, English footballer
  • 1992
    Madison Chock, American ice dancer

Who Died On July 2?

  • 862
    Swithun, Anglo-Saxon Bishop of Winchester (b. 789)
  • 1298
    King Adolf of Germany (b. 1220)
  • 1504
    Prince Stephen III of Moldavia (“Ştefan cel Mare”) (b. 1434)
  • 1566
    Nostradamus, French astrologer (b. 1503)
  • 1582
    Akechi Mitsuhide, Japanese samurai (b. 1528)
  • 1591
    Vincenzo Galilei, Italian composer (b. 1520)
  • 1621
    Thomas Harriot, English astronomer
  • 1656
    François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (b. 1611)
  • 1674
    Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1614)
  • 1743
    Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington, 2nd Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1673)
  • 1746
    Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)
  • 1778
    Bathsheba Spooner, American murderer (b. 1746)
  • 1778
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (b. 1712)
  • 1822
    Denmark Vesey, St. Thomas-born American freed slave who planned a revolt, hanged (b. c. 1767)
  • 1833
    Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine politician (b. 1757)
  • 1843
    Samuel Hahnemann, German physician (b. 1755)
  • 1850
    Robert Peel, British politician, 28th and 30th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1788)
  • 1857
    Carlo Pisacane, Italian patriot (b. 1818)
  • 1903
    Ed Delahanty, American Hall of Fame baseball player (b. 1867)
  • 1912
    Tom Richardson, English cricketer (b. 1870)
  • 1914
    Joseph Chamberlain, British politician and businessman, father of Neville Chamberlain (b. 1836)
  • 1915
    Porfirio Díaz, Mexican general and politician, 19th, 21st and 23rd President of Mexico (b. 1830)
  • 1920
    William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (b. 1846)
  • 1926
    Émile Coué, French psychologist (b. 1857)
  • 1929
    Gladys Brockwell, American actress (b. 1893)
  • 1932
    King Manuel II of Portugal (b. 1889)
  • 1934
    Ernst Röhm, German Nazi official (b. 1887)
  • 1955
    Edward Lawson, Scottish soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1873)
  • 1961
    Ernest Hemingway, American writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1964
    Edward Glenn “Fireball” Roberts, American race car driver (b. 1929)
  • 1966
    Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (b. 1900)
  • 1969
    Michael DiBiase, American pro wrestler (b. 1923)
  • 1972
    Joseph Fielding Smith, American religious figure, 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1876)
  • 1973
    Betty Grable, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 1973
    Chick Hafey, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1973
    Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (b. 1892)
  • 1973
    George McBride, American baseball player (b. 1880)
  • 1975
    James Robertson Justice, British actor (b. 1907)
  • 1977
    Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born writer (b. 1899)
  • 1978
    Aris Alexandrou, Greek novelist, poet and translator (b. 1922)
  • 1984
    Paul Dozois, Quebec politician (b. 1908)
  • 1985
    David Purley, British Formula 1 driver (b. 1945)
  • 1986
    Peanuts Lowrey, American baseball player (b. 1917)
  • 1989
    Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician (b. 1909)
  • 1989
    Franklin Schaffner, American film director (b. 1920)
  • 1990
    Snooky Lanson, American singer (b. 1914)
  • 1991
    Lee Remick, American actress (b. 1935)
  • 1992
    Camarón de la Isla, Spanish flamenco singer (b. 1950)
  • 1993
    Fred Gwynne, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 1994
    Andrés Escobar, Colombian footballer (b. 1967)
  • 1995
    Krissy Taylor, American model (b. 1978)
  • 1997
    James Stewart, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1999
    Mario Puzo, American writer (b. 1920)
  • 2000
    Joey Dunlop, Irish motorcycle racer (b. 1952)
  • 2002
    Ray Brown, American jazz bassist (b. 1926)
  • 2004
    John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (b. 1919)
  • 2004
    Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Portuguese writer (b. 1919)
  • 2005
    Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2005
    Norm Prescott, American animation producer (b. 1927)
  • 2006
    Jan Murray, American comedian (b. 1916)
  • 2007
    Beverly Sills, American operatic soprano (b. 1929)
  • 2008
    Elizabeth Spriggs, English actress (b. 1929)
  • 2008
    Natasha Shneider, Russian keyboardist and bassist (Eleven) (b. 1956)
  • 2010
    Beryl Bainbridge, English author (b. 1932)
  • 2011
    Itamar Franco, Brazilian politician (b. 1930)

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