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What happened on July 16? There are more than 277 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 16

July 16 In HistoryJuly 16 is the 197th day of the year 2018. There are 168 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Monday. This day falls under the 29th week of the year 2018.

On this day in Sterling Heights, Michigan 48313 sunrise occured at 11:09 AM and sunset occured at 02:07 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Cancer. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 204 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 5, 2019).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the November 19 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For July 16

  • 622
    The beginning of the Islamic calendar.
  • 1054
    Three Roman legates break relations between Western and Eastern Christian Churches through the act of placing an invalidly-issued Papal Bull of Excommunication on the altar of Hagia Sophia during Saturday afternoon divine liturgy. Historians frequently describe the event as the start of the East-West Schism.
  • 1212
    Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa: after Pope Innocent III calls European knights to a crusade, forces of Kings Alfonso VIII of Castile, Sancho VII of Navarre, Pedro II of Aragon and Afonso II of Portugal defeat those of the Berber Muslim leader Almohad, thus marking a significant turning point in the Reconquista and in the medieval history of Spain.
  • 1377
    Coronation of Richard II of England.
  • 1661
    The first banknotes in Europe are issued by the Swedish bank Stockholms Banco.
  • 1683
    Manchu Qing Dynasty naval forces under traitorous commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.
  • 1769
    Father Junipero Serra founds California’s first mission, Mission San Diego de Alcalá. Over the following decades, it evolves into the city of San Diego.
  • 1779
    American Revolutionary War: light infantry of the Continental Army seize a fortified British Army position in a midnight bayonet attack at the Battle of Stony Point.
  • 1782
    First performance of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail.
  • 1790
    The District of Columbia is established as the capital of the United States after signature of the Residence Act.
  • 1809
    The city of La Paz, in what is today Bolivia, declares its independence from the Spanish Crown during the La Paz revolution and forms the Junta Tuitiva, the first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: at the order of President Abraham Lincoln, Union troops begin a 25 mile march into Virginia for what will become The First Battle of Bull Run, the first major land battle of the war.
  • 1862
    American Civil War: David Farragut is promoted to rear admiral, becoming the first officer in United States Navy to hold an admiral rank.
  • 1880
    Emily Stowe becomes the first female physician licensed to practice medicine in Canada.
  • 1909
    Persian Constitutional Revolution: Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar is forced out as Shah of Persia and is replaced by his son Ahmad Shah Qajar.
  • 1910
    John Robertson Duigan makes the first flight of the Duigan pusher biplane, the first aircraft built in Australia.
  • 1915
    Henry James becomes a British citizen, to highlight his commitment to England during the first World War.
  • 1927
    Augusto César Sandino leads a raid on U.S. Marines and Nicaraguan Guardia Nacional that had been sent to apprehend him in the village of Ocotal, but is repulsed by one of the first dive-bombing attacks in history.
  • 1931
    Emperor Haile Selassie I signs the first constitution of Ethiopia.
  • 1935
    The world’s first parking meter is installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
  • 1941
    Joe DiMaggio hits safely for the 56th consecutive game, a streak that still stands as a MLB record.
  • 1942
    Holocaust: Vel‘ d'Hiv Roundup (Rafle du Vel’d'Hiv): the government of Vichy France orders the mass arrest of 13,152 Jews who are held at the Winter Velodrome in Paris before deportation to Auschwitz.
  • 1945
    Manhattan Project: the Atomic Age begins when the United States successfully detonates a plutonium-based test nuclear weapon at the Trinity site near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
  • 1945
    World War II: The Heavy Cruiser USS Indianapolis (CA-35) leaves San Francisco with parts for the atomic bomb “Little Boy” bound for Tinian Island. This would be the last time the Indianapolis would be seen by the Mainland she would be torpedoed by the Japanese Submarine I-58 on July 30 and sink with 880 out of 1,196 crewmen.
  • 1945
    World War II: the leaders of the three Allied nations, Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin, meet in the German city of Potsdam to decide the future of a defeated Germany.
  • 1948
    Following token resistance, the city of Nazareth, revered by Christians as the hometown of Jesus, capitulates to Israeli troops during Operation Dekel in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
  • 1948
    The storming of the cockpit of the Miss Macao passenger seaplane, operated by a subsidiary of the Cathay Pacific Airways, marks the first aircraft hijacking of a commercial plane.
  • 1950
    Chaplain-Medic massacre: American POWs were massacred by North Korean Army.
  • 1951
    The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger is published for the first time by Little, Brown and Company.
  • 1951
    King Léopold III of Belgium abdicates in favor of his son, Baudouin I of Belgium.
  • 1956
    Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus closes its very last “Big Tent” show in Pittsburgh, due to changing economics all subsequent circus shows will be held in arenas.
  • 1957
    United States Marine major John Glenn flies a F8U Crusader supersonic jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds, setting a new transcontinental speed record.
  • 1960
    USS George Washington a modified Skipjack class submarine successfully test fires the first ballistic missile while submerged.
  • 1965
    The Mont Blanc Tunnel linking France and Italy opens.
  • 1969
    Apollo program: Apollo 11, the first manned space mission to land on the Moon, is launched from the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral, Florida.
  • 1973
    Watergate Scandal: former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield informs the United States Senate that President Richard Nixon had secretly recorded potentially incriminating conversations.
  • 1979
    Iraqi President Hasan al-Bakr resigns and is replaced by Saddam Hussein.
  • 1981
    Mahathir bin Mohamad becomes Malaysia’s 4th Prime Minister; his 22 years in office, ending with retirement on 31 October 2003, made him Asia’s longest-serving political leader.
  • 1983
    Sikorsky S-61 disaster: a helicopter crashes off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities.
  • 1990
    The Luzon Earthquake strikes in Benguet, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, La Union, Aurora, Bataan, Zambales and Tarlac, Philippines, with an intensity of 7.7.
  • 1990
    The Parliament of the Ukrainian SSR declares state sovereignty over the territory of the Ukrainian SSR.
  • 1993
    The Slackware operating system is first released.
  • 1994
    Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 collides with Jupiter. Impacts continue until July 22.
  • 1999
    John F. Kennedy, Jr., piloting a Piper Saratoga aircraft, dies when his plane crashes into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Martha’s Vineyard. His wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette are also killed.
  • 2004
    Millennium Park, considered Chicago’s first and most ambitious early 21st century architectural project, is opened to the public by Mayor Richard M. Daley.
  • 2007
    2007 Chūetsu offshore earthquake: an earthquake of magnitude 6.8 and 6.6 aftershock occurs off the Niigata coast of Japan killing 8 people, injuring at least 800 and damaging a nuclear power plant.

Who Were Born On July 16?

  • 1194
    Saint Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (d. 1253)
  • 1486
    Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter (d. 1530)
  • 1611
    Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Austrian-born Queen consort of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, wife of King Władysław IV Vasa (d. 1644)
  • 1714
    Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer (d. 1800)
  • 1722
    Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (d. 1803)
  • 1723
    Joshua Reynolds, English painter (d. 1792)
  • 1731
    Samuel Huntington, American statesman, signer of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd Governor of Connecticut and 7th President of the Continental Congress (d. 1796)
  • 1749
    Cyrus Griffin, American statesman, 16th and last president of the Continental Congress (d. 1810)
  • 1796
    Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, French painter (d. 1875)
  • 1821
    Mary Baker Eddy, American religious leader (d. 1910)
  • 1858
    Eugène Ysaÿe, Belgian violinist (d. 1931)
  • 1862
    Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, American civil rights activist (d. 1931)
  • 1870
    Lambert McKenna, Irish Jesuit priest and scholar of the Irish language (d. 1956)
  • 1872
    Roald Amundsen, Norwegian polar explorer (d. 1928)
  • 1880
    Kathleen Thompson Norris, American novelist (d. 1966)
  • 1883
    Charles Sheeler, American photographer and artist (d. 1965)
  • 1884
    Anna Vyrubova, Russian memoirist (d. 1964)
  • 1888
    Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1966)
  • 1888
    Percy Kilbride, American actor (d. 1964)
  • 1888
    Shoeless Joe Jackson, American baseball player (d. 1951)
  • 1889
    Larry Semon, American film comedy actor (d. 1928)
  • 1896
    Evelyn Preer, American actress (d. 1932)
  • 1896
    Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German biologist and eugenicist (d. 1969)
  • 1896
    Trygve Lie, Norwegian diplomat, Secretary-General of the United Nations (d. 1968)
  • 1902
    Alexander Luria, Russian psychologist (d. 1977)
  • 1903
    Carmen Lombardo, Canadian singer and composer (d. 1971)
  • 1903
    Fritz Bauer, German judge (d. 1968)
  • 1903
    Mary Philbin, American stage and film actress (d. 1993)
  • 1904
    Goffredo Petrassi, Italian composer (d. 2003)
  • 1906
    Vincent Sherman, American film director (d. 2006)
  • 1907
    Barbara Stanwyck, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1907
    Frances Horwich, American educator and television personality (d. 2001)
  • 1907
    Orville Redenbacher, American farmer and businessman (d. 1995)
  • 1910
    Stan McCabe, Australian cricketer (d. 1968)
  • 1911
    Ginger Rogers, American actress and dancer (d. 1995)
  • 1911
    Sonny Tufts, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1912
    Milt Bocek, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1915
    Barnard Hughes, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1918
    Bayani Casimiro, Filipino dancer and actor (d. 1989)
  • 1919
    Choi Kyu-hah, South Korean politician, 4th President of South Korea (d. 2006)
  • 1919
    Hermine Braunsteiner, Austrian concentration and extermination camp guard (d. 1999)
  • 1920
    Anatole Broyard, American literary critic and essayist (d. 1990)
  • 1920
    Anwar Hussain, Pakistani cricketer (d. 2002)
  • 1923
    Chris Argyris, American educator
  • 1924
    Bess Myerson, American beauty queen
  • 1925
    Cal Tjader, American vibraphonist, percussionist and pianist (d. 1982)
  • 1926
    Irwin Rose, American biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1927
    John Warr, English cricketer
  • 1928
    Andrzej Zawada, Polish mountaineer (d. 2000)
  • 1928
    Anita Brookner, English novelist
  • 1928
    Dave Treen, American politician, 51st Governor of Louisiana (d. 2009)
  • 1928
    Robert Sheckley, American science fiction writer (d. 2005)
  • 1928
    Ticho Parly, Danish tenor (d. 1993)
  • 1929
    Charles Ray Hatcher, American serial killer (d. 1984)
  • 1930
    Guy Béart, Egyptian-born French singer and songwriter
  • 1930
    Michael Bilirakis, American politician
  • 1932
    Dick Thornburgh, American politician
  • 1932
    Max McGee, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1934
    Don Payne, American politician
  • 1936
    Buddy Merrill, American musician (The Lawrence Welk Show)
  • 1936
    Venkatraman Subramanya, Indian cricketer
  • 1936
    Yasuo Fukuda, Japanese politician
  • 1937
    Richard Bryan, American politician
  • 1938
    Tony Jackson, English bass player (The Searchers) (d. 2003)
  • 1939
    Corin Redgrave, English actor and political activist (d. 2010)
  • 1939
    Mariele Ventre, Italian choir director (d. 1995)
  • 1941
    Dag Solstad, Norwegian novelist, short-story writer and dramatist
  • 1941
    Desmond Dekker, Jamaican ska and reggae singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1941
    Mišo Kovač, Croatian singer
  • 1942
    Margaret Court, Australian tennis player
  • 1943
    Jimmy Johnson, American football coach
  • 1943
    Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet (d. 1990)
  • 1946
    Barbara Lee, American politician
  • 1946
    Richard LeParmentier, American actor
  • 1946
    Ron Yary, American football player
  • 1946
    Toshio Furukawa, Japanese voice actor
  • 1947
    Alexis Herman, American politician, 23rd U.S. Secretary of Labor
  • 1947
    Assata Shakur, American BPP and BLA activist
  • 1948
    Kevin McKenzie, South African cricketer
  • 1948
    Pierre Koffmann, French chef
  • 1948
    Pinchas Zukerman, Israeli violinist
  • 1948
    Rubén Blades, Panamanian singer and actor
  • 1950
    Dennis Priestley, English darts player
  • 1950
    Pierre Paradis, Quebec politician
  • 1950
    Tom Terrell, American journalist, musicologist and DJ (d. 2007)
  • 1951
    Jean-Luc Mongrain, Canadian journalist
  • 1952
    Ken McEwan, South African cricketer
  • 1952
    Momir Karadžić, Serbian footballer
  • 1952
    Robert David Steele, American spy
  • 1952
    Stewart Copeland, American drummer (The Police)
  • 1953
    Douglas J. Feith, American Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
  • 1954
    Jeanette Mott Oxford, American politician
  • 1956
    Jerry Doyle, American actor
  • 1956
    Tony Kushner, American playwright
  • 1957
    Alexandra Marinina, Russian writer
  • 1957
    Faye Grant, American actress
  • 1958
    Michael Flatley, American dancer
  • 1958
    Mike D. Rogers, American politician
  • 1958
    Pierre Roland Renoir, Monaco-born Canadian painter
  • 1959
    Doug Herzog, American television executive
  • 1959
    Gary Anderson, American football player
  • 1959
    Zoran Jolevski, Macedonian diplomat, Ambassador to the USA
  • 1960
    Terry Pendleton, American baseball player
  • 1963
    Phoebe Cates, American actress
  • 1963
    Srečko Katanec, Slovenian footballer and coach
  • 1964
    Miguel Indurain, Spanish cyclist
  • 1964
    Phil Hellmuth, American poker player
  • 1965
    Claude Lemieux, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965
    Tina Tyler, Canadian porn actress
  • 1966
    Johnny Vaughan, English writer and broadcaster
  • 1967
    Christopher Rocancourt, French con artist
  • 1967
    Will Ferrell, American comedian
  • 1968
    Barry Sanders, American football player
  • 1968
    Dhanraj Pillay, Indian field hockey player
  • 1968
    Henry Hate, American-born English tattoo artist
  • 1968
    Larry Sanger, American co-founder of Wikipedia and founder of Citizendium
  • 1969
    Daryl Mitchell, American actor
  • 1969
    Kathryn Harby-Williams, Australian netballer
  • 1969
    Rain Pryor, American actress
  • 1970
    Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thai film director
  • 1971
    Corey Feldman, American actor
  • 1971
    Ed Kowalczyk, American singer (Live)
  • 1973
    Graham Robertson, American filmmaker and author
  • 1973
    Shaun Pollock, South African cricketer
  • 1973
    Stefano Garzelli, Italian cyclist
  • 1973
    Tim Ryan, American politician
  • 1974
    Chris Pontius, American actor and Jackass cast member
  • 1974
    Jeremy Enigk, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Sunny Day Real Estate, The Fire Theft)
  • 1974
    Wendell Sailor, Australian rugby league and union player
  • 1975
    Ana Paula Arósio, Brazilian actress
  • 1975
    Bas Leinders, Belgian racing car driver
  • 1975
    Jamie Oliver, Welsh keyboardist (Lostprophets)
  • 1976
    Anna Smashnova, Israeli tennis player
  • 1976
    Bobby Lashley, American professional wrestler
  • 1976
    Carlos Humberto Paredes, Paraguyan footballer
  • 1976
    Tomasz Kuchar, Polish rally driver
  • 1977
    Bryan Budd, British soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2006)
  • 1978
    Taj Anwar, American model and social activist
  • 1979
    Chris Mihm, American basketball player
  • 1979
    Jayma Mays, American actress
  • 1979
    Mai Nakamura, Japanese swimmer
  • 1980
    Adam Scott, Australian golfer
  • 1980
    Jesse Jane, American pornographic actress and erotic model
  • 1980
    Justine Joli, American pornographic actress and adult model
  • 1981
    Giuseppe Di Masi, Italian footballer
  • 1981
    Zach Randolph, American basketball player
  • 1982
    Michael Umaña, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1983
    Duncan Keith, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984
    Hayanari Shimoda, Japanese racing driver
  • 1984
    Katrina Kaif, Indian actress
  • 1985
    Denis Tahirović, Croatian footballer
  • 1985
    Taryn Southern, American actress and singer
  • 1986
    Calum Gittins, New Zealand actor
  • 1987
    Andrew James Allen, American actor
  • 1987
    AnnaLynne McCord, American actress
  • 1987
    Moussa Dembélé, Belgian footballer
  • 1988
    Sergio Busquets,Spanish footballer
  • 1989
    Gareth Bale, Welsh footballer
  • 1990
    James Maslow, American singer and actor (Big Time Rush)
  • 1991
    Andros Townsend, English footballer
  • 1991
    Randall Bentley, American actor
  • 1994
    Mark Indelicato, American singer and actor

Who Died On July 16?

  • 1216
    Pope Innocent III (b. 1160 or 1161)
  • 1324
    Emperor Go-Uda of Japan (b. 1267)
  • 1342
    King Charles I of Hungary (b. 1288)
  • 1546
    Anne Askew, English Protestant (b. 1521)
  • 1557
    Anne of Cleves, German-born fourth wife of King Henry VIII of England (b. 1515)
  • 1594
    Thomas Kyd, English playwright (b. 1558)
  • 1647
    Masaniello, Neapolitan rebel (b. 1622)
  • 1664
    Andreas Gryphius, German writer (b. 1616)
  • 1686
    John Pearson, English theologian (b. 1612)
  • 1691
    François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois, French war minister (b. 1641)
  • 1729
    Johann David Heinichen, German composer (b. 1683)
  • 1747
    Giuseppe Maria Crespi, Italian painter (b. 1665)
  • 1770
    Francis Cotes, English painter (b. 1726)
  • 1796
    George Howard, British field marshal (b. 1718)
  • 1831
    Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (b. 1763)
  • 1850
    Julia Glover, Irish-born actress (b. c. 1779)
  • 1868
    Dimitri Pisarev, Russian writer and social critic (b. 1840)
  • 1879
    Edward Deas Thomson, Australian politician (b. 1800)
  • 1882
    Mary Todd Lincoln, First Lady of the United States (b. 1818)
  • 1886
    Ned Buntline, American pulp novelist (b. 1823)
  • 1896
    Edmond Goncourt, French writer and critic (b. 1822)
  • 1915
    Ellen White, American religious figure (b. 1827)
  • 1916
    Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, Russian microbiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1845)
  • 1917
    Philipp Scharwenka, German composer (b. 1847)
  • 1947
    Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish humanitarian (exact date of death uncertain) (b. 1912)
  • 1949
    Vyacheslav Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian poet (b. 1866)
  • 1953
    Hilaire Belloc, English writer (b. 1870)
  • 1960
    Albert Kesselring, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1960
    John P. Marquand, American novelist (b. 1893)
  • 1976
    Carmelo Soria, Spanish diplomat (assassinated) (b. 1921)
  • 1979
    Alfred Deller, English countertenor (b. 1912)
  • 1981
    Harry Chapin, American singer-songwriter (b. 1942)
  • 1982
    Charles Robberts Swart, South African politician (b. 1894)
  • 1982
    Patrick Dewaere, French actor (b. 1947)
  • 1985
    Heinrich Böll, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1985
    Wayne King, American saxophonist, songwriter and bandleader (b. 1901)
  • 1989
    Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor (b. 1908)
  • 1990
    Robert Blackburn, Irish educationist (b. 1927)
  • 1990
    Sidney Torch, English composer, conductor and organist (b. 1908)
  • 1991
    Frank Rizzo, American politician (b. 1920)
  • 1991
    Robert Motherwell, American painter (b. 1915)
  • 1992
    Buck Buchanan, American football player (b. 1940)
  • 1994
    Julian Schwinger, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1994
    Marcel-Marie Desmarais, French-Canadian priest, writer, preacher and broadcaster (b. 1908)
  • 1995
    May Sarton, Belgian-born American poet (b. 1912)
  • 1995
    Stephen Spender, English poet (b. 1909)
  • 1996
    Adolf von Thadden, German politician (b. 1921)
  • 1996
    John Panozzo, American drummer (Styx) (b. 1948)
  • 1998
    John Henrik Clarke, American historian and scholar (b. 1915)
  • 1999
    Carolyn Bessette-Kennedy, wife of John F. Kennedy, Jr. (b. 1966)
  • 1999
    Hiromi Yanagihara, Japanese singer (b. 1979)
  • 1999
    John F. Kennedy, Jr., American publisher (b. 1960)
  • 2001
    Dimitrios Holevas, Greek Orthodox priest and resistance figure (b. 1907)
  • 2001
    Morris, Belgian cartoonist (b. 1923)
  • 2001
    Terry Gordy, American professional wrestler (b. 1961)
  • 2002
    John Cocke, American computer scientist (b. 1925)
  • 2003
    Carol Shields, American-born Canadian novelist (b. 1935)
  • 2003
    Celia Cruz, Cuban salsa singer (b. 1924)
  • 2004
    Charles Sweeney, American general (b. 1919)
  • 2004
    George Busbee, American politician (b. 1927)
  • 2005
    Camillo Felgen, Luxembourgish singer, lyricist and entertainer (b. 1920)
  • 2005
    Pietro Consagra, Italian sculptor (b. 1920)
  • 2005
    Prince Gu of Korea (b. 1931)
  • 2006
    Bob Orton, Sr., American professional wrestler (b. 1929)
  • 2006
    Winthrop Paul Rockefeller, American politician (b. 1948)
  • 2007
    Caterina Bueno, Italian singer and folk music historian (b. 1943)
  • 2008
    Jo Stafford, American singer (b. 1917)
  • 2010
    James Gammon, American actor (b. 1940)
  • 2011
    Forrest Blue, American football player (b. 1944)


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