What happened on January 3? There are more than 311 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About January 3

January 3 In HistoryJanuary 3 is the 3rd day of the year 2020. There are 363 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Friday. This day falls under the 1st week of the year 2020.

On this day in Barhamsville, Virginia 23011 sunrise occured at 07:22 AM and sunset occured at 05:01 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Capricorn. The modern birthstone for this month is Garnet while the mystical birthstone is Emerald.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 22 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (January 25, 2020).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the October 1 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

January 3: A Day In History

The Perihelion, the point in the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.

Historical Events For January 3

  • 1431
    Joan of Arc is handed over to Bishop Pierre Cauchon.
  • 1496
    Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine.
  • 1521
    Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem.
  • 1749
    Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
  • 1749
    The first issue of Berlingske, Denmark’s oldest continually operating newspaper, is published.
  • 1777
    American general George Washington defeats British general Charles Cornwallis at the Battle of Princeton.
  • 1782
    Sylhet District in north-east Bangladesh is established
  • 1815
    Austria, the United Kingdom, and France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussia and Russia.
  • 1823
    Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.
  • 1848
    Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first president of the independent African Liberia.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: Delaware votes not to secede from the United States.
  • 1868
    Meiji Restoration in Japan: The Tokugawa shogunate is abolished; agents of Satsuma and Chōshū seize power.
  • 1870
    The construction of the Brooklyn Bridge begins.
  • 1888
    The refracting telescope at the Lick Observatory, measuring 91 cm in diameter, is used for the first time. It was the largest telescope in the world at the time.
  • 1911
    A magnitude 7.7 earthquake destroys the city of Almaty in Russian Turkestan.
  • 1919
    At the Paris Peace Conference, Emir Faisal of Iraq signs an agreement with Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann on the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine and an Arab nation in a large part of the Middle East.
  • 1925
    Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy.
  • 1932
    Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop a revolt by banana workers fired by the United Fruit Company.
  • 1933
    Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
  • 1938
    The March of Dimes is established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • 1944
    World War II: Top Ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
  • 1945
    World War II: Admiral Chester W. Nimitz is placed in command of all U.S. Naval forces in preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima and Okinawa in Japan.
  • 1946
    Popular Canadian-American jockey George Woolf dies in a freak accident during a race; the annual George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award is created to honor him.
  • 1947
    Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time.
  • 1949
    The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, the central bank of the Philippines, is established.
  • 1953
    Frances P. Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • 1956
    A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
  • 1957
    The Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch.
  • 1958
    The West Indies Federation is formed.
  • 1959
    Alaska is admitted as the 49th U.S. state.
  • 1959
    Separatists in the Maldives declare the establishment of the United Suvadive Republic.
  • 1961
    Finland’s worst civilian aviation accident takes place when Aero Flight 311 crashes near Kvevlax, resulting in the deaths of all 25 people aboard.
  • 1961
    The SL-1, a government-run reactor near Idaho Falls, Idaho, underwent a core explosion and meltdown, killing three workers.
  • 1961
    The United States severs diplomatic relations with Cuba.
  • 1962
    Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro.
  • 1976
    The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights comes into effect.
  • 1977
    Apple Computer is incorporated.
  • 1990
    Former leader of Panama Manuel Noriega surrenders to American forces.
  • 1993
    In Moscow, Russia, George Bush and Boris Yeltsin sign the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START).
  • 1994
    More than seven million people from the former Apartheid Homelands, receive South African citizenship.
  • 1996
    The Motorola StarTAC, the first flip phone and one of the first mobile phones to gain widespread consumer adoption, goes on sale.
  • 1997
    China announces it will spend US$27.7 billion to fight erosion and pollution in the Yangtze and Yellow River valleys.
  • 1999
    Israel detains, and later expels, 14 members of Concerned Christians.
  • 1999
    The Mars Polar Lander is launched.
  • 2004
    Flash Airlines Flight 604 crashes into the Red Sea, resulting in 148 deaths, making it the deadliest aviation accident in Egyptian history.

Who Were Born On January 3?

  • 106 BC
    Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher (d. 43 BC)
  • 1196
    Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1231)
  • 1698
    Pietro Metastasio, Italian poet (d. 1782)
  • 1710
    Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1796)
  • 1719
    Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian (d. 1773)
  • 1722
    Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (d. 1752)
  • 1760
    John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1835)
  • 1778
    Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • 1793
    Lucretia Mott, American women’s rights activist (d. 1880)
  • 1802
    Charles Pelham Villiers, British House of Commons member (d. 1898)
  • 1803
    Douglas William Jerrold, British playwright (d. 1857)
  • 1806
    Henriette Sontag, German soprano (d. 1854)
  • 1810
    Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie, French geographer (d. 1897)
  • 1819
    Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1821
    Dragotin Dežman, Slovenian politician, archeologist and botanist (d. 1889)
  • 1831
    Savitribai Phule, Indian social activist and educator (d. 1897)
  • 1836
    Sakamoto Ryōma, Japanese revolutionary (d. 1867)
  • 1840
    Father Damien, Flemish missionary (d. 1889)
  • 1855
    Hubert Bland, British socialist (d. 1914)
  • 1856
    R. C. Lehmann, English writer (d. 1929)
  • 1861
    William Renshaw, British champion tennis player (d. 1904)
  • 1862
    Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland (d. 1939)
  • 1865
    Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (d. 1936)
  • 1870
    Henry Handel Richardson, Australian author (d. 1946)
  • 1873
    Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese businessman (d. 1957)
  • 1875
    Alexandros Diomidis, Greek banker and politician (d. 1950)
  • 1876
    Wilhelm Pieck, East Germany statesman (d. 1960)
  • 1879
    Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (d. 1957)
  • 1883
    Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1967)
  • 1884
    Raoul von Koczalski, Polish pianist and composer (d. 1948)
  • 1885
    Harry Elkins Widener, American book collector and victim of the RMS Titanic sinking (d. 1912)
  • 1886
    John Gould Fletcher, American poet and author (d. 1950)
  • 1886
    Josephine Hull, American actress (d. 1957)
  • 1887
    August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
  • 1887
    Helen Parkhurst, American educator (d. 1973)
  • 1892
    J. R. R. Tolkien, British writer (d. 1973)
  • 1894
    ZaSu Pitts, American actress (d. 1963)
  • 1895
    Borys Lyatoshynsky, Ukrainian composer (d. 1968)
  • 1897
    Marion Davies, American actress (d. 1961)
  • 1898
    Carlos Keller, Chilean fascist politician (d. 1974)
  • 1900
    Donald J. Russell, North American railroad executive (d. 1985)
  • 1901
    Ngô Đình Diệm, South Vietnamese politician (d. 1963)
  • 1905
    Anna May Wong, American actress (d. 1961)
  • 1907
    Ray Milland, British actor (d. 1986)
  • 1909
    Victor Borge, Danish entertainer (d. 2000)
  • 1910
    Frenchy Bordagaray, American baseball player (d. 2000)
  • 1911
    John Sturges, American director (d. 1982)
  • 1912
    Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
  • 1912
    Federico Borrell Garcia, Spanish Republican soldier (d. 1936)
  • 1912
    Renaude Lapointe, Canadian journalist and senator (d. 2002)
  • 1915
    Jack Levine, American painter (d. 2010)
  • 1915
    Mady Rahl, German actress (d. 2009)
  • 1916
    Bernard Greenhouse, American cellist (d. 2011)
  • 1916
    Betty Furness, American actress (d. 1994)
  • 1916
    Maxene Andrews, American singer (The Andrews Sisters) (d. 1995)
  • 1917
    Albert Mol, Dutch author, actor and TV personality (d. 2002)
  • 1917
    Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (d. 2004)
  • 1917
    Vernon Walters, American military officer and diplomat (d. 2002)
  • 1919
    Herbie Nichols, jazz composer and pianist (d. 1963)
  • 1920
    Renato Carosone, Italian musician (d. 2001)
  • 1920
    Siegfried Buback, Attorney-General of Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1921
    John Russell, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1922
    Bill Travers, British actor and director (d. 1994)
  • 1922
    Ronald Smith, British pianist (d. 2004)
  • 1923
    Charles “Bud” Tingwell, Australian actor (d. 2009)
  • 1923
    Hank Stram, American football coach (d. 2005)
  • 1924
    André Franquin, Belgian cartoonist (Gaston Lagaffe) (d. 1997)
  • 1924
    Doug Ellis, British entrepreneur, former owner and now honorary president of Aston Villa F.C.
  • 1924
    Nell Rankin, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1925
    Jill Balcon, British actress (d. 2009)
  • 1926
    George Martin, British record producer
  • 1926
    W. Michael Blumenthal, American businessman, civil servant, and 64th United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1929
    Ernst Mahle, Brazilian composer
  • 1929
    Sergio Leone, Italian director (d. 1989)
  • 1930
    Mara Corday, American actress and model
  • 1930
    Marcel Dubé, Quebec playwright
  • 1930
    Robert Loggia, American actor
  • 1932
    Coo Coo Marlin, American race car driver (d. 2005)
  • 1932
    Dabney Coleman, American actor
  • 1932
    Tongolele, American-born Mexican dancer
  • 1934
    Carla Hills, American jurist, civil servant, and 5th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • 1935
    Raymond Garneau, French Canadian politician and businessman
  • 1936
    David Vine, British sports commentator (d. 2009)
  • 1937
    Seri Wangnaitham, Thai dancer and choreographer (d. 2007)
  • 1939
    Bobby Hull, Canadian hockey player
  • 1939
    Gene Summers, American musician
  • 1939
    Janice Crosio, Australian politician
  • 1939
    Nikos Alefantos, Greek football manager
  • 1939
    Ruben Reyes, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
  • 1941
    Van Dyke Parks, American musician
  • 1942
    John Marsden, Australian lawyer (d. 2006)
  • 1942
    John Thaw, British actor (d. 2002)
  • 1943
    Jarl Alfredius, Swedish news anchor (d. 2009)
  • 1944
    Blanche d'Alpuget, Australian novelist, biographer
  • 1944
    David Atherton, British conductor
  • 1945
    Stephen Stills, American musician
  • 1946
    Cissy King, American entertainer
  • 1946
    John Paul Jones, British musician (Led Zeppelin)
  • 1949
    Sylvia Likens, American torture victim (d. 1965)
  • 1950
    Victoria Principal, American actress
  • 1951
    Gary Nairn, Australian politician
  • 1952
    Gianfranco Fini, Italian politician
  • 1952
    Jim Ross, American wrestling announcer
  • 1953
    Justin Fleming, Australian playwright and writer
  • 1954
    Dean Hart, Canadian wrestler (d. 1990)
  • 1954
    Ned Lamont, American businessman and political figure
  • 1954
    Ross the Boss, American guitarist
  • 1955
    Palmolive, British musician (The Slits, The Raincoats)
  • 1956
    Mel Gibson, American-Australian actor and director
  • 1956
    Willy T. Ribbs, American race-car driver
  • 1957
    Bojan Križај, Slovenian skier
  • 1958
    James J. Greco, American businessman
  • 1958
    Shim Hyung-rae, South Korean filmmaker
  • 1963
    Alex Wheatle, British novelist
  • 1963
    Jerome Young, American professional wrestler
  • 1963
    Vic Grimes, American professional wrestler
  • 1964
    Bruce LaBruce, Canadian filmmaker
  • 1965
    Steven A. LaChance, American Author
  • 1966
    Martin Galway, Northern Ireland composer
  • 1969
    Gerda Weissensteiner, Italian bobsledder and luger
  • 1969
    Michael Schumacher, German race car driver
  • 1970
    Christian Duguay, American comic actor
  • 1970
    Mahaya Petrosian, Iranian actress
  • 1970
    Matt Ross, American actor
  • 1971
    Cory Cross, Canadian ice-hockey player
  • 1971
    Sarah Alexander, English actress
  • 1972
    Nichole Nordeman, American singer
  • 1972
    Yoon Chan, South Korean actor
  • 1973
    Dan Harmon, American writer and producer
  • 1974
    Alessandro Petacchi, Italian cyclist
  • 1974
    Robert-Jan Derksen, Dutch professional golfer
  • 1975
    Danica McKellar, American actress
  • 1975
    Jason Marsden, American actor
  • 1975
    Thomas Bangalter, French DJ (Daft Punk)
  • 1976
    Alisen Down, Canadian actress
  • 1976
    Angelos Basinas, Greek footballer
  • 1976
    Dinara Drukarova, Russian actress
  • 1976
    Nicholas Gonzalez, American actor
  • 1977
    A.J. Burnett, American baseball player
  • 1977
    Lee Bowyer, British footballer
  • 1977
    Mayumi Iizuka, Japanese voice actress
  • 1977
    Michelle Stephenson, British singer (Spice Girls)
  • 1978
    Dimitra Kalentzou, Greek basketball player
  • 1978
    Dominic Wood, English children’s television presenter
  • 1978
    Kimberley Locke, American singer
  • 1978
    Liya Kebede, Ethiopian model
  • 1978
    Mike York, American ice hockey player
  • 1978
    Park Sol-mi, South Korean actress
  • 1979
    Chris Geddes, Canadian volleyball player
  • 1979
    Dina Tersago, Miss Belgium 2001 and TV personality
  • 1980
    Angela Ruggiero, American ice hockey player
  • 1980
    Bryan Clay, American decathlete
  • 1980
    David Tyree, American football player
  • 1981
    Eli Manning, American football player
  • 1981
    Naresh Iyer, Indian singer
  • 1982
    Lasse Nilsson, Swedish footballer
  • 1983
    Antti Arst, Estonian footballer
  • 1984
    Billy Mehmet, Irish footballer
  • 1985
    Evan Moore, American football player
  • 1985
    John David Booty, American football player
  • 1985
    Linas Kleiza, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1986
    Jacob Timpano, Australian footballer
  • 1986
    Jessica O'Rourke, American footballer
  • 1986
    Lloyd Polite, American R&B singer
  • 1987
    Anchal Joseph Indian/American fashion model
  • 1987
    Leonidas Panagopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1988
    Rodrigo de la Cadena, Mexican artist and performer
  • 1989
    Alex D. Linz, American actor
  • 1989
    Anya Rozova, Russian/American fashion model
  • 1989
    Julia Nunes, American singer and ukulele player
  • 1991
    Jerson Cabral, Dutch footballer

Who Died On January 3?

  • 235
    Pope St. Anterus
  • 323
    Jin Yuandi, Chinese emperor of the Jin Dynasty (b. 276)
  • 1098
    Walkelin, Norman bishop of Winchester
  • 1322
    King Philip V of France (b. 1293)
  • 1437
    Catherine of Valois, wife of Henry V of England (b. 1401)
  • 1543
    Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, Portuguese explorer (b. 1499)
  • 1571
    Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1505)
  • 1641
    Jeremiah Horrocks, British astronomer (b. 1618)
  • 1656
    Mathieu Molé, French statesman (b. 1584)
  • 1670
    George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, British soldier (b. 1608)
  • 1690
    Hillel ben Naphtali Zevi, Lithuanian rabbi (b. 1615)
  • 1701
    Prince Louis I of Monaco (b. 1642)
  • 1743
    Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer (b. 1657)
  • 1779
    Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (b. 1712)
  • 1785
    Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (b. 1706)
  • 1795
    Josiah Wedgwood, British potter (b. 1730)
  • 1813
    Bennelong, Aborigine interlocutor (b. c.1764)
  • 1826
    Louis Gabriel Suchet, French marshal (b. 1770)
  • 1871
    Kuriakose Elias Chavara, Indian Saint (b. 1805)
  • 1875
    Pierre Larousse, French editor (b. 1817)
  • 1882
    William Harrison Ainsworth, British novelist (b. 1805)
  • 1895
    James Merritt Ives, American lithographer (b. 1824)
  • 1903
    Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (b. 1837)
  • 1911
    Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (b. 1851)
  • 1915
    James Elroy Flecker, British author (b. 1884)
  • 1916
    Grenville M. Dodge, American Major General (b. 1831)
  • 1922
    Friedrich Wilhelm Voigt, German impostor who became famous as The Captain of Köpenick (Der Hauptmann von Köpenick) in 1906 (b. 1849)
  • 1923
    Jaroslav Hašek, Czech novelist (b. 1883)
  • 1927
    Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (b. 1856)
  • 1931
    Joseph Joffre, French general (b. 1852)
  • 1933
    Jack Pickford, Canadian actor (b. 1896)
  • 1933
    Wilhelm Cuno, German staesman (b. 1876)
  • 1943
    F. M. Cornford, English classical scholar and poet (b. 1874)
  • 1943
    Sir Walter James, Australian politician (b. 1863)
  • 1944
    Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
  • 1945
    Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
  • 1945
    Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (b. 1879)
  • 1946
    William Joyce, American propagandist (b. 1906)
  • 1950
    Emil Jannings, Swiss actor (b. 1884)
  • 1956
    Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer (b. 1864)
  • 1956
    Dimitrios Vergos, Greek champion in wrestling, weightlifting and shot put (b. 1886)
  • 1956
    Joseph Wirth, German statesman (b. 1876)
  • 1959
    Edwin Muir, Orcadian poet, novelist and translator (b. 1887)
  • 1962
    Hermann Lux, German footballer (b. 1893)
  • 1967
    Jack Ruby, American killer of Lee Harvey Oswald (b. 1911)
  • 1967
    Mary Garden, British singer (b. 1874)
  • 1969
    Howard McNear, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1969
    Jean Focas, Greek-born astronomer (b. 1909)
  • 1969
    Tzavalas Karousos, Greek actor (b. 1904)
  • 1970
    Gladys Aylward, British missionary (b. 1902)
  • 1972
    Mohan Rakesh, Indian Writer(b.1925)
  • 1974
    Gino Cervi, Italian actor (b. 1901)
  • 1979
    Conrad Hilton, American hotelier (b. 1887)
  • 1980
    George Sutherland Fraser, Scottish poet and academic (b. 1915)
  • 1980
    Joy Adamson, Czech conservationist (b. 1910)
  • 1980
    Lucien Buysse, Belgian cyclist (b. 1892)
  • 1981
    Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone (b. 1883)
  • 1988
    Joie Chitwood, American racing driver and stuntman (b. 1912)
  • 1988
    Rose Ausländer, German poet (b. 1901)
  • 1989
    Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
  • 1990
    Arthur Gold, American pianist (b. 1917)
  • 1992
    Dame Judith Anderson, Australian actress (b. 1897)
  • 1993
    Johnny Most, American sports announcer (b. 1923)
  • 1994
    Heather Sears, British actress (b. 1935)
  • 2002
    Freddy Heineken, Dutch beer executive (b. 1923)
  • 2002
    Juan García Esquivel, Mexican band leader (b. 1918)
  • 2003
    Sid Gillman, American football coach (b. 1911)
  • 2004
    Des Corcoran, Premier of South Australia (b. 1928)
  • 2004
    Leon Wagner, American baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 2005
    JN Dixit, Indian government official (b. 1936)
  • 2005
    Koo Chen-fu, Chinese negotiator (b. 1917)
  • 2005
    Will Eisner, American comic book artist (b. 1917)
  • 2006
    Bill Skate, Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea (b. 1954)
  • 2006
    Steve Rogers, Australian rugby league footballer (b. 1954)
  • 2007
    Earl Reibel, Canadian hockey player (b. 1930)
  • 2007
    Janos Furst, Hungarian orchestral conductor (b. 1935)
  • 2007
    Michael Yeats, Irish barrister, politician and son of W.B. Yeats (b. 1921)
  • 2007
    Sergio Jiménez, Mexican actor (b. 1937)
  • 2007
    Sir Cecil Walker, Northern Irish politician (b. 1924)
  • 2007
    William Verity Jr., American industrialist and 28th Secretary of Commerce (b. 1917)
  • 2008
    Aleksandr Abdulov, Russian actor (b. 1953)
  • 2008
    Natasha Collins, British actress and television presenter (b. 1976)
  • 2008
    Werner Dollinger, German politician and economist (b. 1918)
  • 2008
    Yo-Sam Choi, South Korean boxer (b. 1972)
  • 2009
    Betty Freeman, American philanthropist and photographer (b. 1921)
  • 2009
    Hisayasu Nagata, Japanese politician (b. 1969)
  • 2009
    Pat Hingle, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 2009
    Ulf G. Lindén, Swedish entrepreneur (b. 1937)
  • 2010
    Gustavo Becerra-Schmidt, Chilean composer (b. 1925)
  • 2010
    Mary Daly, American theologian and feminist scholar (b. 1928)
  • 2010
    Sir Ian Brownlie, British lawyer (b. 1932)
  • 2011
    Fadil Hadžić, Croatian film director (b. 1922)
  • 2012
    Bob Weston, British musician (b. 1947)
  • 2012
    Gatewood Galbraith, American politician (b. 1947)
  • 2012
    Josef Škvorecký, Czech writer and publisher (b. 1924)
  • 2012
    Willi Entenmann, German footballer and footballcoach (b. 1943)

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