What happened on January 23? There are more than 280 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About January 23

January 23 In HistoryJanuary 23 is the 23rd day of the year 2022. There are 342 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Sunday. This day falls under the 3rd week of the year 2022.

On this day in Prentice, Wisconsin 54556 sunrise occured at 07:30 AM and sunset occured at 04:55 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Aquarius. The modern birthstone for this month is Garnet while the mystical birthstone is Emerald.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 9 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 1, 2022).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the January 30 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For January 23

  • 3102 BCE
    Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga.
  • 393
    Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his eight year old son Honorius co-emperor.
  • 971
    In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops.
  • 1368
    In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
  • 1510
    Henry VIII of England, then 18 years old, appears incognito in the lists at Richmond, and is applauded for his jousting before he reveals his identity.
  • 1533
    Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII of England, discovers herself pregnant.
  • 1546
    Having published nothing for eleven years, François Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.
  • 1556
    The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.
  • 1570
    James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such.
  • 1571
    The Royal Exchange opens in London.
  • 1579
    The Union of Utrecht forms a Protestant republic in the Netherlands.
  • 1656
    Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales.
  • 1719
    The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1789
    Georgetown College, the first Catholic University in the United States, is founded in Georgetown, Maryland (now a part of Washington, D.C.)
  • 1793
    Second Partition of Poland: Russia and Prussia partition Poland for the second time.
  • 1849
    Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States’ first female doctor.
  • 1855
    The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge.
  • 1870
    In Montana, U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans, mostly women and children, in the Marias Massacre.
  • 1879
    Anglo-Zulu War: the Battle of Rorke’s Drift ends.
  • 1897
    Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
  • 1899
    Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.
  • 1900
    The Battle of Spion Kop between the forces of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State and British forces during the Second Boer War resulted in a British defeat.
  • 1904
    Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.
  • 1907
    Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes the first Native American U.S. Senator.
  • 1912
    The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
  • 1920
    The Netherlands refuses to surrender ex-Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the Allies.
  • 1928
    New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Earth Dragon in Chinese astrology.
  • 1937
    In Moscow, 17 leading Communists go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin’s regime and assassinate its leaders.
  • 1941
    Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.
  • 1942
    World War II: The Battle of Rabaul begins, the first fighting of the New Guinea campaign.
  • 1943
    Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.
  • 1943
    World War II: Australian and American forces finally defeat the Japanese army in Papua. This turning point in the Pacific War marks the beginning of the end of Japanese aggression.
  • 1943
    World War II: The Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse on Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal campaign ends.
  • 1943
    World War II: Troops of Montgomery’s 8th Army capture Tripoli in Libya from the German-Italian Panzer Army.
  • 1945
    World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.
  • 1950
    The Knesset passes a resolution that states Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
  • 1958
    Overthrow in Venezuela of Marcos Pérez Jiménez
  • 1960
    The bathyscaphe USS Trieste breaks a depth record by descending to 10,911 m (35,798 feet) in the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1961
    The Portuguese luxury cruise ship Santa Maria is hijacked by foes of the Estado Novo regime with the intention of waging war until dictator António de Oliveira Salazar was overthrown.
  • 1963
    Guinea-Bissau War of Independence officially begins when PAIGC guerrilla fighters attacked the Portuguese army stationed in Tite.
  • 1964
    The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.
  • 1967
    Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Ivory Coast are established.
  • 1968
    North Korea seizes the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship had violated their territorial waters while spying.
  • 1973
    A volcanic eruption devastates Heimaey in the Vestmannaeyjar chain of islands off the south coast of Iceland.
  • 1973
    President Richard Nixon announces that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.
  • 1986
    The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley.
  • 1997
    Antonis Daglis, a 23-year-old Greek truck driver is sentenced to thirteen consecutive life sentences, plus 25 years for the serial slayings of three women and the attempted murder of six others.
  • 1997
    Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.
  • 2002
    “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in FBI custody.
  • 2002
    Reporter Daniel Pearl is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan and subsequently murdered .
  • 2003
    Final communication between Earth and Pioneer 10.
  • 2009
    Dendermonde nursery attack in Dendermonde, Belgium.

Who Were Born On January 23?

  • 1350
    Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (d. 1419)
  • 1688
    Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (d. 1741)
  • 1719
    John Landen, English mathematician (d. 1790)
  • 1737
    John Hancock, American patriot (d. 1793)
  • 1745
    William Jessop, English canal engineer (d. 1814)
  • 1783
    Stendhal, French writer (d. 1842)
  • 1786
    Auguste de Montferrand, French architect (d. 1858)
  • 1809
    Veer Surendra Sai, Indian Freedom Fighter (d. 1884)
  • 1813
    Camilla Collett, Norwegian writer and feminist (d. 1895)
  • 1828
    Saigō Takamori, Samurai, leader of Satsuma rebellion (d. 1877)
  • 1832
    Édouard Manet, French artist (d. 1883)
  • 1840
    Ernst Abbe, German physicist (d. 1905)
  • 1855
    John Moses Browning, American inventor (d. 1926)
  • 1857
    Andrija Mohorovičić, Croatian seismologist (d. 1936)
  • 1862
    David Hilbert, German mathematician (d. 1943)
  • 1872
    Joze Plečnik, Slovenian architect (d. 1957)
  • 1872
    Paul Langevin, French physicist (d. 1946)
  • 1876
    Otto Diels, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1954)
  • 1881
    Luisa Casati, Artist’s patroness, muse and fashion icon (d. 1957)
  • 1884
    George McManus American cartoonist (d. 1954)
  • 1884
    Ralph DePalma, Italian-American race car driver (d. 1956)
  • 1896
    Alf Hall, South African cricketer (d. 1964)
  • 1896
    Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (d. 1985)
  • 1897
    Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (d. 2000)
  • 1897
    Sir William Samuel Stephenson, Canadian soldier, W.W.II codename, Intrepid. Inspiration for James Bond. (d. 1989)
  • 1897
    Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian independence fighter (d. 1945)
  • 1898
    Freda Utley, British scholar and author (d. 1978)
  • 1898
    Randolph Scott, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1898
    Sergei Eisenstein, Russian film director (d. 1948)
  • 1899
    Glen Kidston, British aviator and racing driver (d. 1931)
  • 1900
    William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor and organist (d. 1988)
  • 1903
    Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (d. 1948)
  • 1907
    Dan Duryea, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1907
    Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1910
    Django Reinhardt, Belgian guitarist (d. 1953)
  • 1912
    Boris Pokrovsky, Russian operatic stage director (d. 2009)
  • 1913
    Jean-Michel Atlan, French painter (d. 1960)
  • 1913
    Wally Parks, American racing executive, founder of the NHRA (d. 2007)
  • 1915
    Arthur Lewis, British economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1915
    Potter Stewart, American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1985)
  • 1916
    Airey Neave, British Major, politician and indictment server at the Nuremberg Trials (d. 1979)
  • 1916
    David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist
  • 1918
    Gertrude B. Elion, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1919
    Bob Paisley, English football player and manager. (d. 1996)
  • 1919
    Ernie Kovacs, American comedian (d. 1962)
  • 1919
    Frances Bay, Canadian actress (d. 2011)
  • 1919
    Hans Hass, Austrian zoologist and underwater scientist
  • 1920
    Walter Frederick Morrison, American inventor (d. 2010)
  • 1923
    Cot Deal, American baseball player and coach
  • 1923
    Walter M. Miller, Jr., American writer (d. 1996)
  • 1924
    Bal Thackeray, founder and president of Indian political party Shiv Sena
  • 1924
    Frank Lautenberg, American politician
  • 1927
    Jack Quinlan, Chicago Cubs Broadcaster (d. 1965)
  • 1927
    Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (d. 1994)
  • 1928
    Chico Carrasquel, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1928
    Jeanne Moreau, French actress
  • 1929
    John Charles Polanyi, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1929
    Myron Cope, American sports announcer
  • 1929
    Patriarch Filaret (Mykhailo Denysenko) of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Kiev Patriarch
  • 1930
    Derek Walcott, West Indian writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1930
    Teresa Żylis-Gara, Polish singer
  • 1933
    Chita Rivera, Puerto Rican actress and dancer
  • 1934
    Pierre Bourgault, Quebec politician and essayist (d. 2003)
  • 1935
    Bob Moses, American civil rights activist
  • 1936
    Jerry Kramer, American football player
  • 1938
    Georg Baselitz, German painter and sculptor
  • 1938
    Shohei Baba, Japanese professional wrestler (d. 1999)
  • 1939
    Arlene Golonka, American actress
  • 1939
    Sonny Chiba, Japanese actor and martial artist
  • 1940
    Joe Dowell, American singer
  • 1940
    Johnny Russell, American country singer and songwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1942
    Razzak, Bangladeshi actor and director
  • 1943
    Gary Burton, American jazz vibraphonist
  • 1943
    Gil Gerard, American actor
  • 1944
    Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor
  • 1945
    Mike Harris, Canadian politician, Premier of Ontario
  • 1946
    Arnoldo Alemán, ex-president of Nicaragua
  • 1946
    Don Whittington, American businessman, car & airplane racer and convicted felon
  • 1947
    Megawati Sukarnoputri, 5th President of Indonesia
  • 1947
    Thomas R. Carper, American politician, senior senator of Delaware
  • 1948
    Anita Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters)
  • 1950
    Danny Federici, American musician (Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band) (d. 2008)
  • 1950
    John Greaves, English musician (Henry Cow, National Health)
  • 1950
    Richard Dean Anderson, American actor
  • 1951
    Chesley Sullenberger, Captain of US Airways Flight 1549, a flight that successfully ditched into the Hudson River
  • 1952
    Omar Henry, South African cricketer
  • 1953
    Alister E. McGrath, British theologian and scientist
  • 1953
    Antonio Villaraigosa, Hispanic-American 52nd Mayor of Los Angeles
  • 1953
    John Luther Adams, American composer
  • 1953
    Robin Zander, American singer (Cheap Trick)
  • 1954
    Edward Ka-Spel, English musician (Legendary Pink Dots)
  • 1954
    Franco De Vita, Venezuelan singer and songwriter
  • 1957
    Lou Schuler, American fitness journalist
  • 1957
    Princess Caroline of Monaco
  • 1959
    Clive Bull, English radio talk show host
  • 1960
    Jean-François Sauvé, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960
    Patrick de Gayardon, French skydiver and skysurfing pioneer (d. 1998)
  • 1961
    Mas Selamat bin Kastari, Singapore’s most-wanted terror fugitive
  • 1962
    Elvira Lindo, Spanish writer and journalist
  • 1962
    Vasia Panayopoulou, Greek actress
  • 1963
    Gail O'Grady, American actress
  • 1964
    Bharrat Jagdeo, President of Guyana
  • 1964
    Mario Roberge, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1964
    Mariska Hargitay, American actress
  • 1965
    Louie Clemente, American drummer (Testament)
  • 1966
    Haywoode Workman, American basketball player
  • 1967
    Naim Süleymanoğlu, Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
  • 1968
    Petr Korda, Czech tennis player
  • 1969
    Andrei Kanchelskis, Ukrainian-Russian footballer
  • 1969
    Ariadna Gil, Spanish actress
  • 1969
    Brendan Shanahan, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970
    Brendan O'Connor, Irish journalist, satirist
  • 1970
    Spyridon Vasdekis, Greek long jumper
  • 1970
    Tracey Cherelle Jones, American actress
  • 1971
    Adam Parore, New Zealand wicketkeeper (cricket)
  • 1971
    Kevin Mawae, American football player
  • 1971
    Marc Nelson, American R&B singer and lyricist
  • 1971
    Scott Gibbs, Welsh rugby player
  • 1972
    Ewen Bremner, Scottish actor
  • 1972
    Lisa Snowdon, British model and TV presenter
  • 1972
    Marcel Wouda, Dutch swimmer
  • 1973
    Lanei Chapman, American actress
  • 1973
    Tomas Holmström, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1974
    Joel Bouchard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974
    Rebekah Elmaloglou, Australian actress
  • 1974
    Richard T. Slone, British artist
  • 1974
    Sampsa Astala, Finnish musician (Lordi)
  • 1974
    Tiffani Thiessen, American actress
  • 1974
    Yosvani Pérez, Cuban baseball player
  • 1975
    Phil Dawson, American football player
  • 1975
    Tito Ortiz, American UFC fighter
  • 1976
    Angelica Lee, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1976
    Brandon Duckworth, American baseball player
  • 1976
    Nigel McGuinness, English professional wrestler
  • 1976
    Tony Lucca, actor, singer and musician
  • 1977
    Kamal Heer, Punjabi singer and musician
  • 1979
    Dawn Porter, British television presnter
  • 1979
    Juan Rincón, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1979
    Larry Hughes, American basketball player
  • 1981
    Julia Jones, Native American actress
  • 1981
    Rob Friend, Canadian footballer
  • 1982
    Patrick Levis, American actor
  • 1982
    Wily Mo Peña, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984
    Arjen Robben, Dutch footballer
  • 1985
    Dong Fangzhuo, Chinese footballer
  • 1985
    Doutzen Kroes, Dutch supermodel
  • 1986
    Anne Foy, British children’s television presenter
  • 1986
    Benjamin Griesert, German footballer
  • 1986
    José Enrique Sánchez, Spanish footballer
  • 1986
    Steven Taylor, English footballer
  • 1987
    Felicia Brandström, Swedish singer
  • 1988
    Alan Power, Irish footballer
  • 1989
    April Pearson, British actress
  • 1990
    Martyn Waghorn, English footballer

Who Died On January 23?

  • 1002
    Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 980)
  • 1199
    Yaqub, Almohad Caliph (b. 1160)
  • 1548
    Bernardo Pisano, Italian composer (b. 1490)
  • 1549
    Johannes Honter, Transylvanian Saxon humanist and theologian (b. 1498)
  • 1567
    Jiajing, Emperor of China (b. 1507)
  • 1570
    James Stewart, Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland (assassinated)
  • 1622
    William Baffin, English explorer
  • 1744
    Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)
  • 1785
    Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
  • 1789
    Frances Brooke, English writer (b. 1724)
  • 1789
    John Cleland, English novelist (b. 1709)
  • 1800
    Edward Rutledge, American statesman (b. 1749)
  • 1803
    Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer (b. 1725)
  • 1805
    Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer (b. 1763)
  • 1806
    William Pitt the Younger, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759)
  • 1810
    Johann Wilhelm Ritter, German chemist and physicist (b. 1776)
  • 1812
    Robert Craufurd, British general (b. 1764)
  • 1820
    Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (b. 1767)
  • 1833
    Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (b. 1757)
  • 1837
    John Field, Irish composer (b. 1782)
  • 1866
    Thomas Love Peacock, English satirist (b. 1785)
  • 1875
    Charles Kingsley English writer (b. 1819)
  • 1883
    Gustave Doré, French artist, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1832)
  • 1893
    Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1825)
  • 1921
    Mykola Leontovych, Ukrainian composer (b. 1877)
  • 1922
    Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (b. 1855)
  • 1923
    Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  • 1931
    Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (b. 1881)
  • 1937
    Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (b. 1876)
  • 1939
    Matthias Sindelar, Austrian footballer (b. 1903)
  • 1943
    Alexander Woollcott, American actor, author, and bon vivant (b. 1887)
  • 1944
    Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (b. 1863)
  • 1944
    Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
  • 1956
    Alexander Korda, Hungarian/British film director (b. 1893)
  • 1957
    Willie Edwards, Murder victim/killed by KKK members (b. 1932)
  • 1958
    Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (b. 1880)
  • 1963
    Józef Gosławski, Polish sculptor and medallic artist (b. 1908)
  • 1971
    Fritz Feigl, Austria-born chemist (b. 1871)
  • 1973
    Alexander Onassis, Greek heir of the Onassis family (b. 1948)
  • 1973
    Kid Ory, American jazz trombonist (b. 1886)
  • 1976
    Paul Dupuis, French Canadian film and television actor (b. 1913)
  • 1976
    Paul Robeson, American actor, singer, and social activist (b. 1898)
  • 1977
    Toots Shor, New York restaurateur (b. 1903)
  • 1978
    Jack Oakie, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1978
    Terry Kath, American musician (Chicago) (b. 1946)
  • 1978
    Vic Ames, American singer (Ames Brothers) (b. 1925)
  • 1981
    Samuel Barber, American composer (b. 1910)
  • 1983
    Fred Bakewell, English cricketer (b. 1908)
  • 1984
    Mu'in Bseiso, Palestinian poet (b. 1926)
  • 1986
    Joseph Beuys, German artist (b. 1921)
  • 1988
    Charles Glen King, American biochemist (b. 1896)
  • 1989
    Salvador Dalí, Catalan artist (b. 1904)
  • 1990
    Allen Collins, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (b. 1952)
  • 1991
    Northrop Frye, Canadian writer and critic (b. 1912)
  • 1992
    Freddie Bartholomew, Irish actor (b. 1924)
  • 1993
    Thomas A. Dorsey, American singer (b. 1899)
  • 1994
    Brian Redhead, English journalist and broadcaster (b. 1929)
  • 1994
    Nikolai Ogarkov, Soviet field marshal (b. 1917)
  • 1997
    Richard Berry, American composer and musician (b. 1935)
  • 1999
    Jay Pritzker, American businessman (b. 1922)
  • 1999
    Joe D'Amato, Italian director (b. 1936)
  • 1999
    Prince Lincoln Thompson, Jamaican musician (b. 1949)
  • 2002
    Paul Aars, American racecar driver (b. 1934)
  • 2002
    Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist (b. 1930)
  • 2002
    Robert Nozick, American philosopher (b. 1938)
  • 2003
    Nell Carter, American singer and actress (b. 1948)
  • 2004
    Bob Keeshan, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2004
    Helmut Newton, German-born photographer (b. 1920)
  • 2005
    Johnny Carson, American television host (b. 1925)
  • 2005
    Morys George Lyndhurst Bruce, 4th Baron Aberdare, British politician (b. 1921)
  • 2006
    Chris McKinstry, Canadian scientist (b. 1967)
  • 2007
    E. Howard Hunt, American Watergate figure (b. 1918)
  • 2007
    Ryszard Kapuściński, Polish journalist and writer (b. 1932)
  • 2007
    Syed Hussein Alatas, Malaysian Politician (b. 1928)
  • 2009
    Robert W. Scott, American politician, governor of North Carolina (b. 1929)
  • 2011
    Jack LaLanne, American fitness and nutritional expert (b. 1914)

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