What happened on January 16? There are more than 314 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About January 16

January 16 In HistoryJanuary 16 is the 16th day of the year 2019. There are 349 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Wednesday. This day falls under the 3rd week of the year 2019.

On this day in Elon College, North Carolina 27244 sunrise occured at 01:27 PM and sunset occured at 11:28 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Capricorn. The modern birthstone for this month is Garnet while the mystical birthstone is Emerald.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 20 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 5, 2019).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the October 17 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For January 16

  • 27 BC
    Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus is granted the title Augustus by the Roman Senate, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire.
  • 550
    Gothic War (535–554): The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison.
  • 929
    Emir Abd-ar-Rahman III established the Caliphate of Cordoba.
  • 1120
    The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 1362
    A storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German city of Rungholt on the island of Strand.
  • 1412
    The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.
  • 1492
    The first grammar of the Spanish language is presented to Queen Isabella I.
  • 1547
    Ivan IV of Russia aka Ivan the Terrible becomes Tsar of Russia.
  • 1556
    Philip II becomes King of Spain.
  • 1572
    Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
  • 1581
    The English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism.
  • 1605
    The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid.
  • 1707
    The Scottish Parliament ratifies the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain.
  • 1761
    The British capture Pondicherry, India from the French.
  • 1780
    American Revolution: Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
  • 1786
    The Commonwealth of Virginia enacted the Statute for Religious Freedom authored by Thomas Jefferson.
  • 1809
    Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of La Coruña.
  • 1847
    John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
  • 1878
    Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878) – Battle of Philippopolis: Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
  • 1883
    The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the United States Civil Service, is passed.
  • 1896
    Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.
  • 1900
    The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
  • 1909
    Ernest Shackleton’s expedition finds the magnetic South Pole.
  • 1919
    Temperance movement: The United States ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification.
  • 1920
    The League of Nations holds its first council meeting in Paris.
  • 1924
    Eleftherios Venizelos becomes Prime Minister of Greece for the fourth time.
  • 1938
    The Benny Goodman Orchestra performed the first jazz concert at Carnegie Hall.
  • 1939
    The Irish Republican Army (IRA) begins a bombing and sabotage campaign in England.
  • 1942
    Crash of TWA Flight 3, killing all 22 aboard, including film star Carole Lombard.
  • 1945
    Adolf Hitler moves into his underground bunker, the so-called Führerbunker.
  • 1956
    President Gamal Abdal Nasser of Egypt vows to reconquer Palestine.
  • 1968
    The Youth International Party is founded.
  • 1969
    Czech student Jan Palach commits suicide by self-immolation in Prague, in protest against the Soviets’ crushing of the Prague Spring the year before.
  • 1969
    Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 perform the first-ever docking of manned spacecraft in orbit, the first-ever transfer of crew from one space vehicle to another, and the only time such a transfer was accomplished with a space walk.
  • 1970
    Buckminster Fuller receives the Gold Medal award from the American Institute of Architects.
  • 1979
    The Shah of Iran flees Iran with his family and relocates to Egypt.
  • 1986
    First meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force.
  • 1991
    The United States goes to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War (U.S. Time).
  • 1992
    El Salvador officials and rebel leaders sign the Chapultepec Peace Accords in Mexico City ending the 12-year Salvadoran civil war that claimed at least 75,000.
  • 2001
    Congolese President Laurent-Désiré Kabila is assassinated by one of his own bodyguards.
  • 2001
    US President Bill Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish-American War.
  • 2002
    The UN Security Council unanimously establishes an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, Al-Qaida, and the remaining members of the Taliban.
  • 2003
    The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off for mission STS-107 which would be its final one. Columbia disintegrated 16 days later on re-entry.
  • 2006
    Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is sworn in as Liberia’s new president. She becomes Africa’s first female elected head of state.

Who Were Born On January 16?

  • 1093
    Isaac Komnenos, son of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (d. after 1152)
  • 1245
    Edmund Crouchback, son of Henry III of England (d. 1296)
  • 1409
    René I of Naples (d. 1480)
  • 1477
    Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (d. 1547)
  • 1501
    Anthony Denny, confidant of King Henry VIII of England (d. 1559)
  • 1516
    Bayinnaung, King of Burma (d. 1581)
  • 1616
    François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (d. 1669)
  • 1626
    Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (d. 1699)
  • 1634
    Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter, Norwegian poet (d. 1716)
  • 1675
    Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (d. 1755)
  • 1728
    Niccolò Piccinni, Italian composer (d. 1800)
  • 1749
    Vittorio Alfieri, Italian dramatist (d. 1803)
  • 1757
    Richard Goodwin Keats, Royal Navy admiral (d. 1834)
  • 1807
    Charles Henry Davis, American Civil War Admiral (d. 1877)
  • 1815
    Henry W. Halleck, American Civil War general (d. 1872)
  • 1821
    John C. Breckinridge, American lawyer and politician; 14th Vice President of the United States and Confederate general (d. 1875)
  • 1834
    Robert R. Hitt, American politician (d. 1906)
  • 1836
    King Francis II of the Two Sicilies (d. 1894)
  • 1838
    Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (d. 1917)
  • 1844
    Ismail Qemali, Albanian nationalist (d. 1919)
  • 1853
    André Michelin, French industrialist (d. 1931)
  • 1853
    Gen Sir Ian Hamilton, British military commander (d. 1947)
  • 1853
    Sir Johnston Forbes-Robertson, English actor and theatre manager (d. 1937)
  • 1853
    Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov, Russian philosopher (d. 1900)
  • 1872
    Edward Gordon Craig, English actor, producer, director and scenic designer (d. 1966)
  • 1872
    Henri Busser, French composer (d. 1973)
  • 1874
    Robert W. Service, Canadian poet (d. 1958)
  • 1875
    Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)
  • 1878
    Harry Carey, American silent film actor (d. 1947)
  • 1885
    Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (d. 1967)
  • 1886
    John Hamilton, American actor (d. 1958)
  • 1888
    Osip Brik, Russian writer (d. 1945)
  • 1893
    Daisy Kennedy, Australian violinist (d. 1981)
  • 1894
    Irving Mills, American jazz music publisher (d. 1985)
  • 1895
    Nat Schachner, American author (d. 1955)
  • 1896
    Ruth Rose, American screenwriter (d. 1978)
  • 1897
    Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet (d. 1977)
  • 1898
    Irving Rapper, UK-US film director (d. 1999)
  • 1898
    Margaret Booth, American film editor (d. 2002)
  • 1901
    Frank Zamboni, American inventor (d. 1988)
  • 1901
    Fulgencio Batista, Cuban leader (d. 1973)
  • 1902
    Eric Liddell, Scottish runner (d. 1945)
  • 1903
    William Grover-Williams, English-French racing driver and WWII resistance fighter (d. 1945)
  • 1905
    Ernesto Halffter, Spanish composer and conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1906
    Diana Wynyard, British actress (d. 1964)
  • 1907
    Alexander Knox, Canadian actor (d. 1995)
  • 1907
    Paul Nitze, American government official (d. 2004)
  • 1908
    Ethel Merman, American actress and singer (d. 1984)
  • 1908
    Günther Prien, German World War II submarine captain (d. 1941)
  • 1910
    Dizzy Dean, American baseball player (d. 1974)
  • 1911
    Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chilean politician (d. 1982)
  • 1911
    Roger Lapébie, French cyclist (d. 1996)
  • 1914
    Roger Wagner, American choral musician (d. 1992)
  • 1915
    Leslie H. Martinson, American television and film director.
  • 1916
    Philip Lucock, Australian politician and Presbyterian minister (d. 1996)
  • 1917
    Carl Karcher, founded the Carl’s Jr. hamburger chain (d. 2008)
  • 1918
    Allan Ekelund, Swedish film producer (d. 2009)
  • 1918
    Clem Jones, Australian Lord Mayor of Brisbane (d. 2007)
  • 1918
    Nel Benschop, Dutch poet (d. 2005)
  • 1918
    Stirling Silliphant, American writer (d. 1996)
  • 1920
    Alberto Crespo, Argentine racing driver (d. 1991)
  • 1920
    Elliott Reid, American actor
  • 1921
    Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1922
    Ernesto Bonino, Italian singer (d. 2008)
  • 1923
    Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
  • 1923
    Gene Feist, American stage actor and producer
  • 1924
    Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (d. 2002)
  • 1928
    Pilar Lorengar, Spanish soprano (d. 1996)
  • 1928
    William Kennedy, American author
  • 1930
    Clarence Ray Allen, American murderer (d. 2006)
  • 1930
    Norman Podhoretz, US writer, foreign policy adviser
  • 1931
    Johannes Rau, German politician (d. 2006)
  • 1931
    Robert L. Park, American physicist
  • 1932
    Dian Fossey, American zoologist (d. 1985)
  • 1933
    Susan Sontag, American writer (d. 2004)
  • 1934
    Marilyn Horne, American opera singer
  • 1935
    A.J. Foyt, American race car driver and team owner
  • 1937
    Lorraine Bayly, Australian actress
  • 1937
    Luiz Bueno, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1938
    Jô Soares, Brazilian author, musician and TV personality
  • 1938
    Michael Pataki, American actor d. 2010
  • 1942
    Barbara Lynn, American singer
  • 1942
    René Angélil, Canadian music executive
  • 1943
    Brian Ferneyhough, British composer
  • 1943
    Gavin Bryars, English composer and double bassist
  • 1944
    Gerd Klier, German footballer (d. 2011)
  • 1944
    Jim Stafford, American singer and songwriter
  • 1945
    Wim Suurbier, Dutch footballer
  • 1946
    Kabir Bedi, Indian actor
  • 1946
    Katia Ricciarelli, Italian soprano
  • 1946
    Ronnie Milsap, American singer and songwriter
  • 1947
    Harvey Proctor, British politician
  • 1947
    Laura Schlessinger, American radio talk show host
  • 1947
    Magdalen Nabb, British author (d. 2007)
  • 1947
    Sarah Jane Olson, American political activist
  • 1948
    Cliff Thorburn, Canadian snooker player
  • 1948
    Dalvanius Prime, New Zealand entertainer (d. 2002)
  • 1948
    John Carpenter, American film director
  • 1948
    Ruth Reichl, American magazine editor
  • 1949
    Andrew Refshauge, Australian politician, Deputy Premier of New South Wales
  • 1949
    Caroline Munro, British actress
  • 1950
    Brian Castro, Australian author
  • 1950
    Damo Suzuki, Japanese singer (Can)
  • 1950
    Debbie Allen, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1950
    Robert Schimmel, American Comedian (d. 2010)
  • 1951
    Glenn Ordway, American radio talk show host
  • 1952
    King Fuad II of Egypt
  • 1952
    L. Blaine Hammond, NASA astronaut
  • 1953
    Robert Jay Mathews, American neo-Nazi (d. 1984)
  • 1955
    Jerry M. Linenger, NASA astronaut
  • 1956
    Ivan Safronov, Russian journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1956
    Jennifer Dale, Canadian actress
  • 1956
    Martin Jol, Dutch football manager
  • 1957
    Jurijs Andrejevs, Latvian footballer
  • 1957
    Ricardo Darin, Argentine actor
  • 1958
    Anatoli Boukreev, Russian climber (d. 1997)
  • 1958
    Lena Ek, Swedish politician
  • 1959
    Juanita Bynum, American televangelist
  • 1959
    Sade, Nigerian-born singer
  • 1961
    Paul Raven, English musician (Killing Joke) (d. 2007)
  • 1962
    Denis O'Hare, Irish-American actor
  • 1962
    Joel Fitzgibbon, Australian politician
  • 1962
    Paul Webb, British musician (Talk Talk, .O.rang)
  • 1962
    Tracey Moore, voice actress
  • 1963
    James May, English television presenter
  • 1965
    Jill Sobule, American singer-songwriter
  • 1965
    Maxine Jones, American singer (En Vogue)
  • 1968
    David Chokachi, American actor
  • 1969
    Neil Back, England rugby player
  • 1969
    Per Yngve “Dead” Ohlin, Swedish black metal vocalist (Mayhem) (d. 1991)
  • 1969
    Roy Jones Jr., American boxer
  • 1970
    Brendan O'Hare, Scottish drummer (Teenage Fanclub, Telstar Ponies)
  • 1970
    Garth Ennis, Irish comic book author
  • 1970
    Ron Villone, American baseball player
  • 1971
    Sergi Bruguera, Spanish tennis player
  • 1972
    Alen Peternac, Croatian footballer
  • 1972
    Ang Christou, Australian rules footballer
  • 1972
    Dameon Clarke, Canadian actor
  • 1972
    Ezra Hendrickson, Vincentian footballer
  • 1972
    Greg Page, Australian musician and actor
  • 1972
    Joe Horn, American football player
  • 1972
    Richard T. Jones, American actor
  • 1972
    Ruben Bagger, Danish footballer
  • 1972
    Salah Hissou, Moroccan long-distance runner
  • 1972
    Yuri Drozdov, Russian footballer
  • 1973
    Josie Davis, American actress
  • 1974
    Kate Moss, English model
  • 1974
    Marlon Anderson, American baseball player
  • 1975
    Gillian Iliana Waters, American actress
  • 1975
    Greg Strause, American visual effects creator
  • 1976
    Martina Moravcová, Slovak female swimmer
  • 1976
    Viktor Maslov, Russian racing driver
  • 1977
    Ariel Zeevi, Israeli judoka
  • 1977
    Jeff Foster, American basketball player
  • 1978
    Alfredo Amézaga, Mexican baseball player
  • 1979
    Aaliyah, American R&B singer/actress (d. 2001)
  • 1979
    Brenden Morrow, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979
    Jason Ward, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979
    Mark Anthony Fernandez, Filipino actor
  • 1980
    Albert Pujols, Dominican-born baseball player
  • 1980
    Lin Manuel Miranda, American actor, composer, lyricist (In The Heights)
  • 1980
    Michelle Wild, Hungarian model
  • 1980
    Seydou Keita, Malian footballer
  • 1981
    Bobby Zamora, English footballer
  • 1981
    Nick Valensi, American guitarist (The Strokes)
  • 1982
    Samuel Preston, British singer (The Ordinary Boys)
  • 1982
    Tuncay Şanlı, Turkish footballer
  • 1983
    Emanuel Pogatetz, Austrian footballer
  • 1984
    Jared Slingerland, Canadian musician
  • 1984
    Stephan Lichtsteiner, Swiss footballer
  • 1985
    Gintaras Janusevicius, Lithuanian pianist
  • 1985
    Joe Flacco, American football player
  • 1985
    Jonathan Richter, Danish footballer
  • 1986
    Mason Gamble, American actor
  • 1986
    Paula Pareto, Argentine judoka
  • 1986
    Reto Ziegler, Swiss footballer
  • 1987
    Lauren McAvoy, British fashion model
  • 1988
    Nicklas Bendtner, Danish footballer
  • 1989
    Yvonne Zima, American actress
  • 1991
    Matt Duchene, Canadian hockey player
  • 1992
    Maja Keuc, Slovenian singer

Who Died On January 16?

  • 960
    Polyeuctus, Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1327
    Nikephoros Choumnos, Byzantine scholar and statesman (b. 1250/55)
  • 1387
    Elizabeth of Bosnia, Hungarian queen and regent (b. 1340)
  • 1400
    John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, English politician (b. 1352)
  • 1545
    George Spalatin, German reformer (b. 1484)
  • 1547
    Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (b. 1477)
  • 1554
    Christiern Pedersen, Danish humanist (b. 1480)
  • 1585
    Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, English admiral (b. 1512)
  • 1659
    Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (b. 1580)
  • 1710
    Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (b. 1675)
  • 1711
    Blessed Joseph Vaz, Apostle of Ceylon (b. 1651)
  • 1747
    Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (b. 1680)
  • 1748
    Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1750
    Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal (b. 1667)
  • 1752
    Francis Blomefield, English topographer (b. 1705)
  • 1794
    Edward Gibbon, English historian (b. 1737)
  • 1809
    John Moore, British general (b. 1761)
  • 1817
    Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman (b. 1759)
  • 1826
    Lindley Murray, grammarian (b. 1745)
  • 1834
    Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)
  • 1856
    Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (b. 1795)
  • 1864
    Anton Schindler, Austrian biographer of Beethoven (b. 1795)
  • 1865
    Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (b. 1828)
  • 1879
    Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet (b. 1827)
  • 1886
    Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian opera composer (b. 1834)
  • 1891
    Léo Delibes, French composer (b. 1836)
  • 1898
    Charles Pelham Villiers, British Member of Parliament (b. 1802)
  • 1901
    Arnold Böcklin, Swiss painter (b. 1827)
  • 1901
    Hiram Revels, first African-American to serve in the U. S. Senate (b. 1822)
  • 1901
    Jules Barbier, French opera librettist (b. 1825)
  • 1906
    Marshall Field, American entrepreneur (b. 1834)
  • 1917
    George Dewey, American admiral (b. 1837)
  • 1919
    Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, President of Brazil (b. 1848)
  • 1920
    Reginald De Koven, American music critic and operetta composer (b. 1859)
  • 1924
    Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, Scottish philanthropist (b. 1859)
  • 1935
    Ma Barker, American criminal (b. 1871)
  • 1936
    Albert Fish, American serial killer (b. 1870)
  • 1942
    Carole Lombard, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 1942
    Ernst Scheller, German Nazi politician (b. 1899)
  • 1942
    Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, son of Queen Victoria (b. 1850)
  • 1957
    1st Earl of Athlone, British royal, brother of Queen Mary (b. 1874)
  • 1957
    Arturo Toscanini, Italian conductor (b. 1867)
  • 1959
    Phan Khoi, Vietnamese intellectual (b. 1887)
  • 1962
    Frank Hurley, Australian photographer (b. 1885)
  • 1962
    Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor (b. 1883)
  • 1963
    Ike Quebec, American tenor-saxophone player (b. 1918)
  • 1967
    Robert J. Van de Graaff, American nuclear physicist (b. 1901)
  • 1968
    Bob Jones, Sr, American evangelist (b. 1883)
  • 1969
    Vernon Duke, American composer and songwriter (b. 1903)
  • 1971
    Philippe Thys, Belgian cyclist (b. 1890)
  • 1972
    Ross Bagdasarian, Sr. (David Seville), American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1972
    Teller Ammons, American politician (b. 1895)
  • 1976
    Israel Abramofsky, Russian-born American artist (b. 1888)
  • 1979
    August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (b. 1897)
  • 1979
    Ted Cassidy, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 1981
    Bernard Lee, English actor (b. 1908)
  • 1982
    Red Smith, American sports columnist (b. 1905)
  • 1985
    Robert Fitzgerald, American poet and translator (b. 1910)
  • 1986
    Herbert W. Armstrong, American evangelist, author, and publisher (b. 1892)
  • 1987
    Bertram Wainer, Australian abortion rights campaigner (b. 1928)
  • 1988
    Andrija Artuković, Croatian war criminal (b. 1899)
  • 1988
    Ballard Berkeley, English actor (b. 1904)
  • 1989
    Prem Nazir, Malayalam actor (b. 1926)
  • 1993
    Glenn Corbett, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 1993
    Jón Páll Sigmarsson, Icelandic strength athlete (b. 1960)
  • 1995
    Eric Mottram, English poet, teacher, critic, and editor (b. 1924)
  • 1996
    Marcia Davenport, American author and music critic (b. 1903)
  • 1997
    Ennis Cosby, son of entertainer Bill Cosby (b. 1969)
  • 1997
    Markus Hoffmann, German actor (b. 1971)
  • 1998
    Dimitris Horn, Greek actor (b. 1921)
  • 1999
    Jim McClelland, Australian solicitor and politician (b. 1915)
  • 2000
    John Morris Rankin, Canadian musical entertainer (b. 1959)
  • 2000
    Will “Dub” Jones, American singer (The Coasters) (b. 1928)
  • 2001
    Auberon Waugh, British author and journalist (b. 1939)
  • 2001
    Laurent-Désiré Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1939)
  • 2002
    Bobo Olson, American boxer (b. 1928)
  • 2002
    Eddie Meduza, Swedish composer (b. 1948)
  • 2002
    Michael Anthony Bilandic, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1923)
  • 2002
    Robert Hanbury Brown, British astronomer and physicist (b. 1916)
  • 2002
    Ron Taylor, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 2003
    Richard Wainwright, English politician (b. 1918)
  • 2004
    Kalevi Sorsa, Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1930)
  • 2005
    Marjorie Williams, American journalist (b. 1958)
  • 2006
    Stanley Biber, American surgeon (b. 1923)
  • 2007
    Benny Parsons, American racecar driver and commentator (b. 1941)
  • 2007
    Ron Carey, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 2009
    Andrew Wyeth, American realist painter (b. 1917)
  • 2009
    Joe Erskine, American boxer and long distance runner (b. 1930)
  • 2009
    John Mortimer, British barrister, screenwriter and author. (b. 1923)
  • 2010
    Glen Bell, American businessman, founder of Taco Bell. (b. 1923)

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