What happened on January 1? There are more than 587 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About January 1

January 1 In HistoryJanuary 1 is the 1st day of the year 2023. There are 364 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Sunday. This day falls under the 52nd week of the year 2022.

On this day in Coldwater, Ohio 45828 sunrise occured at 08:01 AM and sunset occured at 05:22 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Capricorn. The modern birthstone for this month is Garnet while the mystical birthstone is Emerald.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 21 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (January 22, 2023).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the February 8 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

January 1: A Day In History

The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.

During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.

In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.

Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.

January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:

  • 1522 The Republic of Venice
  • 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
  • 1556 Spain, Portugal
  • 1559 Prussia, Sweden
  • 1564 France
  • 1576 Southern Netherlands
  • 1579 Lorraine
  • 1583 United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern)
  • 1600 Scotland
  • 1700 Russia
  • 1721 Tuscany
  • 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies

Historical Events For January 1

  • 153 BC
    Roman consuls begin their year in office.
  • 45 BC
    The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time.
  • 42 BC
    The Roman Senate posthumously deifies Julius Caesar
  • 69
    The Roman legions in Germania Superior refuse to swear loyalty to Galba. They rebel and proclaim Vitellius as emperor.
  • 193
    The Senate chooses Pertinax against his will to succeed Commodus as Roman emperor.
  • 404
    An infuriated Roman mob tears Telemachus, a Christian monk, to pieces for trying to stop a gladiators’ fight in the public arena held in Rome.
  • 414
    Galla Placidia, half-sister of Emperor Honorius, is married to the Visigothic king Ataulf at Narbonne. The wedding is celebrated with Roman festivities and magnificent gifts from the Gothic booty.
  • 417
    Emperor Honorius forces Galla Placidia into marriage to Constantius, his famous general (magister militum).
  • 1001
    Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II.
  • 1259
    Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.
  • 1438
    Albert II of Habsburg is crowned King of Hungary.
  • 1515
    King Francis I of France succeeds to the French throne.
  • 1527
    Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.
  • 1600
    Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25.
  • 1651
    Charles II is crowned King of Scotland.
  • 1700
    Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1707
    John V is crowned King of Portugal.
  • 1739
    Bouvet Island is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier.
  • 1772
    The first traveler’s cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London, England, Great Britain.
  • 1773
    The hymn that became known as “Amazing Grace”, then titled “1 Chronicles 17:16–17” is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, England.
  • 1776
    American Revolutionary War: Norfolk, Virginia is burned by combined Royal Navy and Continental Army action.
  • 1781
    American Revolutionary War: 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne’s command rebel against the Continental Army’s winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey in the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny of 1781.
  • 1788
    First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published.
  • 1800
    The Dutch East India Company is dissolved.
  • 1801
    The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.
  • 1801
    The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1803
    Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
  • 1804
    French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black republic and second independent country in North America after the United States
  • 1806
    The French Republican Calendar is abolished.
  • 1808
    The importation of slaves into the United States is banned.
  • 1810
    Major-General Lachlan Macquarie CB officially becomes Governor of New South Wales
  • 1812
    The Bishop of Durham, Shute Barrington, orders troops from Durham Castle to break up a miners strike in Chester-le-Street, Co. Durham
  • 1822
    The Greek Constitution of 1822 is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
  • 1833
    The United Kingdom claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
  • 1845
    The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed.
  • 1847
    The world’s first “Mercy” Hospital is founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by the Sisters of Mercy, the name will go on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world.
  • 1860
    First Polish stamp is issued.
  • 1861
    Porfirio Díaz conquers Mexico City.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory.
  • 1863
    The first claim under the Homestead Act is made by Daniel Freeman for a farm in Nebraska.
  • 1873
    Japan begins using the Gregorian calendar.
  • 1877
    Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India.
  • 1880
    Ferdinand de Lesseps begins French construction of the Panama Canal.
  • 1885
    Twenty-five nations adopt Sandford Fleming’s proposal for standard time (and also, time zones)
  • 1890
    Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
  • 1890
    The Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, California, is first held.
  • 1892
    Ellis Island opens to begin processing immigrants into the United States.
  • 1894
    The Manchester Ship Canal, England, is officially opened to traffic.
  • 1898
    New York, New York annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs.
  • 1899
    Spanish rule ends in Cuba.
  • 1901
    Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.
  • 1901
    The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister.
  • 1902
    The first American college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California.
  • 1906
    British India officially adopts the Indian Standard Time.
  • 1908
    For the first time, a ball is dropped in New York, New York’s Times Square to signify the start of the New Year at midnight.
  • 1909
    Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher.
  • 1910
    Captain David Beatty is promoted to Rear Admiral, and becomes the youngest admiral in the Royal Navy (except for Royal family members), since Horatio Nelson.
  • 1911
    Northern Territory is separated from South Australia and transferred to Commonwealth control.
  • 1912
    The Republic of China is established.
  • 1913
    The British Board of Censors is established.
  • 1916
    German troops abandon Yaoundé and their Kamerun colony to British forces and begin the long march to Spanish Guinea.
  • 1920
    The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1923
    Britain’s Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMS.
  • 1927
    Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian).
  • 1928
    Boris Bazhanov defects through Iran. He is the only assistant of Joseph Stalin’s secretariat to have defected from the Eastern Bloc.
  • 1929
    The former municipalities of Point Grey, British Columbia and South Vancouver, British Columbia are amalgamated into Vancouver.
  • 1932
    The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington’s birth.
  • 1934
    Alcatraz Island becomes a United States federal prison.
  • 1934
    Nazi Germany passes the “Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring”.
  • 1937
    Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in the United Kingdom.
  • 1939
    Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat, a record for the city.
  • 1942
    The Declaration by United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations.
  • 1945
    World War II: In retaliation for the Malmedy massacre, U.S. troops massacre 30 SS prisoners at Chenogne.
  • 1945
    World War II: Operation Nordwind, the last major German offensive on the Western Front begins.
  • 1945
    World War II: The German Luftwaffe launches Operation Bodenplatte, a massive, but failed attempt to knock out Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow.
  • 1947
    The American and British occupation zones in Germany, after World War II, merge to form the Bizone, that later became West Germany.
  • 1947
    The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946 comes into effect, converting British subjects into Canadian citizens. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first Canadian citizen.
  • 1948
    The British railway network is nationalised to form British Railways.
  • 1948
    The Constitution of Italy comes into force.
  • 1949
    United Nations cease-fire takes effect in Kashmir from one minute before midnight. War between India and Pakistan stops accordingly.
  • 1954
    NBC makes the first coast-to-coast NTSC color broadcast when it telecast the Tournament of Roses Parade, with public demonstrations given across the United States on prototype color receivers.
  • 1956
    A new year event causes panic and stampedes at Yahiko Shrine, Yahiko, Niigata, Japan, killing at least 124 people.
  • 1956
    Sudan achieves independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom.
  • 1957
    An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks in one of the most famous incidents of the IRA’s Operation Harvest.
  • 1957
    George Town, Penang becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1958
    The European Economic Community is established.
  • 1959
    Fulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro’s forces during the Cuban Revolution.
  • 1960
    Cameroon achieves independence from France and the United Kingdom.
  • 1962
    United States Navy SEALs established.
  • 1962
    Western Samoa achieves independence from New Zealand; its name is changed to the Independent State of Western Samoa.
  • 1964
    The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is divided into the independent republics of Zambia and Malawi, and the British-controlled Rhodesia.
  • 1965
    The People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul, Afghanistan.
  • 1966
    After a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa assumes power as president of the Central African Republic.
  • 1966
    A twelve-day New York City transit strike begins.
  • 1970
    Unix time begins at 00:00:00 UTC/GMT.
  • 1971
    Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television.
  • 1973
    Denmark, the United Kingdom, and Ireland are admitted into the European Community.
  • 1978
    Air India Flight 855 Boeing 747 crashes into the sea, due to instrument failure and pilot disorientation, off the coast of Bombay, India, killing 213.
  • 1978
    The Constitution of the Northern Mariana Islands becomes effective.
  • 1979
    Formal diplomatic relations are established between the China and the United States.
  • 1980
    Victoria is crowned princess of Sweden.
  • 1981
    Greece is admitted into the European Community.
  • 1981
    Palau achieves self-government though it is not independent from the United States.
  • 1982
    Peruvian Javier Pérez de Cuéllar becomes the first Latin American to hold the title of Secretary-General of the United Nations.
  • 1983
    The ARPANET officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet.
  • 1984
    Brunei becomes independent of the United Kingdom.
  • 1984
    The original American Telephone & Telegraph Company is divested of its 22 Bell System companies as a result of the settlement of the 1974 United States Department of Justice antitrust suit against AT&T.
  • 1985
    The Internet’s Domain Name System is created.
  • 1985
    The first British mobile phone call is made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone.
  • 1986
    Aruba becomes independent of Curaçao, though it remains in free association with the Netherlands.
  • 1986
    Spain and Portugal are admitted into the European Community.
  • 1988
    The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America comes into existence, creating the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States.
  • 1989
    The Montreal Protocol Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer comes into force.
  • 1990
    David Dinkins is sworn in as New York City’s first black mayor.
  • 1992
    Russia is officially formed.
  • 1993
    A single market within the European Community is introduced.
  • 1993
    Dissolution of Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakia is divided into Slovakia and the Czech Republic.
  • 1994
    The North American Free Trade Agreement comes into effect.
  • 1994
    The Zapatista Army of National Liberation initiates twelve days of armed conflict in the Mexican State of Chiapas.
  • 1995
    Sweden, Austria, and Finland are admitted into the European Union.
  • 1995
    The Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe becomes the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
  • 1995
    The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of freak waves.
  • 1995
    The World Trade Organization goes into effect.
  • 1996
    Curaçao gains limited self-government, though it remains within free association with the Netherlands.
  • 1997
    Ghanaian diplomat Kofi Annan is appointed Secretary-General of the United Nations.
  • 1997
    Zaire officially joins the World Trade Organization.
  • 1998
    Russia begins to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence.
  • 1998
    The European Central Bank is established.
  • 1999
    The Euro currency is introduced in 11 countries - members of the European Union (with the exception of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece and Sweden).
  • 2002
    Euro banknotes and coins become legal tender in twelve of the European Union’s member states.
  • 2002
    Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei.
  • 2002
    The Open Skies mutual surveillance treaty, initially signed in 1992, officially comes into force.
  • 2004
    In a vote of confidence, General Pervez Musharraf wins 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College of Pakistan, and according to Article 41(8) of the Constitution of Pakistan, is “deemed to be elected” to the office of President until October 2007.
  • 2007
    Adam Air Flight 574 disappears over Indonesia with 102 people on board.
  • 2007
    Bulgaria and Romania officially join the European Union. Also, Bulgarian, Romanian, and Irish become official languages of the European Union, joining 20 other official languages.
  • 2008
    Malta and Cyprus officially adopt the Euro currency and become the fourteenth and fifteenth Eurozone countries.
  • 2009
    66 die in a nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2010
    A suicide car bomber detonates at a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan, killing 105 and injuring 100 more.
  • 2011
    Estonia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the seventeenth eurozone country.
  • 2012
    Kim Jong-un is officially declared the new Supreme Leader of North Korea.

Who Were Born On January 1?

  • 766
    Ali al-Rida, Shia Imam (d. 818)
  • 871
    King Zwentibold of Lotharingia (d. 900)
  • 1431
    Pope Alexander VI (d. 1503)
  • 1449
    Lorenzo de' Medici (d. 1492)
  • 1467
    King Sigismund I the Old of Poland (d. 1548)
  • 1484
    Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss religious figure (d. 1531)
  • 1511
    Henry, Duke of Cornwall (d. 1511)
  • 1516
    Margaret Leijonhufvud, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1551)
  • 1557
    Prince István Bocskay of Transylvania (d. 1606)
  • 1600
    Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (d. 1649)
  • 1614
    John Wilkins, English Bishop of Chester (d. 1672)
  • 1618
    Bartolomé Estéban Murillo, Spanish painter (baptism) (d. 1682)
  • 1638
    Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
  • 1648
    Elkanah Settle, English writer (d. 1724)
  • 1655
    Christian Thomasius, German jurist (d. 1728)
  • 1684
    Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (d. 1748)
  • 1704
    Soame Jenyns, English writer (d. 1787)
  • 1711
    Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)
  • 1714
    Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian poet (d. 1780)
  • 1735
    Paul Revere, American patriot (d. 1818)
  • 1745
    Anthony Wayne, American general and statesman (d. 1796)
  • 1750
    Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman and 1st and 3rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1801)
  • 1752
    Betsy Ross, American seamstress (d. 1836)
  • 1767
    Maria Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish novelist (d. 1849)
  • 1774
    André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (d. 1860)
  • 1779
    William Clowes, English printer (d. 1847)
  • 1803
    Guglielmo Libri Carucci dalla Sommaja, Italian mathematician (d. 1869)
  • 1814
    Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (d. 1864)
  • 1819
    Arthur Hugh Clough, English poet (d. 1861)
  • 1823
    Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and revolutionary (d. 1849)
  • 1833
    Robert Lawson, New Zealand architect (d. 1902)
  • 1834
    Ludovic Halévy, French playwright (d. 1908)
  • 1848
    John Goff, Irish lawyer (d. 1924)
  • 1852
    Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1854
    Sir James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist (d. 1941)
  • 1859
    Thibaw Min, King of Burma (d. 1916)
  • 1860
    Dan Katchongva, Native American leader (d. 1972)
  • 1860
    Dirk van Erp, Dutch American coppersmith (d. 1933)
  • 1860
    Jan Vilímek, Czech illustrator and painter (d. 1938)
  • 1860
    John Cassidy, Irish sculptor and painter (d. 1939)
  • 1860
    Michele Lega, Roman Catholic Cardinal (d. 1935)
  • 1863
    Pierre de Coubertin, French aristocrat and founder of the modern Olympic Games (d. 1937)
  • 1864
    Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer (d. 1946)
  • 1864
    Qi Baishi, Chinese painter (d. 1957)
  • 1867
    Lew Fields, American vaudeville performer (d. 1941)
  • 1868
    Snitz Edwards, American actor (d. 1937)
  • 1873
    Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (d. 1952)
  • 1874
    Frank Knox, American journalist and 46th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944)
  • 1874
    Gustave Whitehead, German inventor (d. 1927)
  • 1876
    Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
  • 1878
    Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)
  • 1879
    E. M. Forster, English novelist (d. 1970)
  • 1879
    William Fox, Hungarian-born American film producer (d. 1952)
  • 1881
    Vajiravudh, King of Thailand (d. 1925)
  • 1887
    Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral (d. 1945)
  • 1888
    Georgios Stanotas, Greek cavalry officer (d. 1965)
  • 1888
    John Garand, American inventor (d. 1974)
  • 1889
    Charles Bickford, American film actor (d. 1967)
  • 1890
    Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)
  • 1892
    Artur Rodziński, Croatian conductor (d. 1958)
  • 1892
    Manuel Roxas, Filipino statesman (d. 1948)
  • 1893
    Mordehai Frizis, Greek Army officer (d. 1940)
  • 1894
    Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian mathematician (d. 1974)
  • 1894
    Shitsu Nakano, Japanese supercentenarian (d. 2007)
  • 1895
    J. Edgar Hoover, American FBI director (d. 1972)
  • 1900
    Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
  • 1900
    Xavier Cugat, Spanish musician (d. 1990)
  • 1902
    Buster Nupen, South African cricketer (d. 1977)
  • 1904
    Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (d. 1982)
  • 1904
    Vasilis Avlonitis, Greek actor (d. 1970)
  • 1905
    Stanisław Mazur, Polish mathematician (d. 1981)
  • 1906
    Giovanni D'Anzi, Italian songwriter (d. 1974)
  • 1908
    Bill Tapia, American musician (d. 2011)
  • 1909
    Dana Andrews, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1909
    Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalist leader (d. 1959)
  • 1911
    Audrey Wurdemann, American poet (d.1960)
  • 1911
    Basil Dearden, British film director (d. 1971)
  • 1911
    Hank Greenberg, American baseball player (d. 1986)
  • 1911
    Roman Totenberg, Polish-born American violinist
  • 1912
    Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician (d. 1995)
  • 1912
    Kim Philby, British spy (d. 1988)
  • 1912
    Nikiforos Vrettakos, Greek writer and poet (d. 1991)
  • 1914
    Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and SOE agent (d. 1944)
  • 1917
    Albert Mol, Dutch actor (d. 2004)
  • 1917
    Jule Gregory Charney, American meteorologist (d. 1981)
  • 1918
    Frances Bay, Canadian actress (d. 2011)
  • 1918
    Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)
  • 1919
    Carole Landis, American film actress (d. 1948)
  • 1919
    J. D. Salinger, American novelist (d. 2010)
  • 1919
    Rocky Graziano, American boxer (d. 1990)
  • 1919
    Yoshio Tabata, Japanese singer
  • 1920
    Osvaldo Cavandoli, Italian cartoonist (d. 2007)
  • 1920
    Virgilio Savona, Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra) (d. 2009)
  • 1920
    Willie Fennell, Australian comedian, actor (d. 1992)
  • 1921
    César Baldaccini, French sculptor (d. 1998)
  • 1921
    Isma'il Raji al-Faruqi, Palestinian philosopher (d. 1986)
  • 1921
    Wadih El Safi, Lebanese singer and songwriter
  • 1922
    Ernest Hollings, American politician, 106th Governor of South Carolina and United States Senator from South Carolina
  • 1922
    Jerry Robinson, American comic book artist (d. 2011)
  • 1923
    Daniel Gorenstein, American mathematician (d. 1992)
  • 1923
    Milt Jackson, American jazz vibraphonist (d. 1999)
  • 1924
    Charlie Munger, American philanthropist
  • 1924
    Roberts Blossom, American actor and poet
  • 1925
    Matthew “Stymie” Beard, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1925
    Paul Bomani, Tanzanian politician and ambassador (d. 2005)
  • 1925
    Raymond Pellegrin, French actor (d. 2007)
  • 1925
    Valentina Cortese, Italian actress
  • 1926
    Richard Verreau, French-Canadian tenor (d. 2005)
  • 1927
    Calum MacKay, Canadian hockey player (d. 2001)
  • 1927
    Doak Walker, American football star (d. 1998)
  • 1927
    Maurice Béjart, French choreographer (d. 2007)
  • 1927
    Pat Heywood, Scottish actress
  • 1927
    Vernon L. Smith, American economist, Nobel Prize in Economics winner
  • 1927
    Yvonne Sanson, Greek film actress (d. 2003)
  • 1928
    Ernest Tidyman, American writer (d. 1984)
  • 1928
    Gerhard Weinberg, German-American historian
  • 1929
    Haruo Nakajima, Japanese actor
  • 1929
    Joseph Lombardo, American mafioso
  • 1929
    Raymond Chow, Hong Kong film producer
  • 1930
    Frederick Wiseman, American documentary filmmaker
  • 1930
    Gaafar al-Nimeiry, Sudanese politician (d. 2009)
  • 1930
    Jean-Pierre Duprey, French poet and sculptor (d. 1959)
  • 1930
    Ty Hardin, American film actor
  • 1932
    Giuseppe Patanè, Italian opera conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1932
    Jackie Parker, American football player (d. 2006)
  • 1933
    Frederick Lowy, Canadian educator
  • 1933
    James Hormel, American philanthropist and diplomat
  • 1933
    Joe Orton, English writer (d. 1967)
  • 1933
    Joseph Koo, Chinese composer
  • 1933
    Norman Yemm, Australian actor
  • 1935
    B. Kliban, American cartoonist (d. 1990)
  • 1936
    Don Nehlen, American football player and coach
  • 1936
    James Sinegal, American businessman
  • 1937
    Adam Wiśniewski-Snerg, Polish author (d. 1995)
  • 1937
    John Fuller, English poet
  • 1937
    Matt Robinson, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1937
    Petros Markaris, Greek writer
  • 1938
    Clay Cole, American television host and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1938
    Frank Langella, American actor
  • 1938
    Robert Jankel, British coachbuilder (d. 2005)
  • 1939
    Michèle Mercier, French actress
  • 1941
    Asrani, Indian actor and comedian
  • 1941
    Barry Goldberg, American musician
  • 1942
    Al Hunt, American reporter and news anchor
  • 1942
    Alassane Ouattara, former Prime Minister of Ivory Coast
  • 1942
    Country Joe McDonald, American musician (Country Joe and the Fish)
  • 1942
    Dennis Archer, American politician
  • 1942
    Gennadi Sarafanov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2005)
  • 1942
    Judy Stone, Australian pop singer
  • 1942
    Martin Frost, American politician
  • 1943
    Don Novello, American actor
  • 1943
    Larry Clark, American director
  • 1943
    Raghunath Anant Mashelkar, Indian scientist
  • 1943
    Ronald Perelman, American businessman
  • 1943
    Tony Knowles, American politician and 7th Governor of Alaska
  • 1944
    Jimmy Hart, American wrestling manager
  • 1944
    Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani politician
  • 1945
    Jacky Ickx, Belgian race car driver
  • 1945
    Max Julien, American actor
  • 1945
    Peter Duncan, Australian politician
  • 1946
    Carl B. Hamilton, Swedish economist and politician
  • 1946
    Rick Hurst, American actor
  • 1946
    Rivelino, Brazilian football player
  • 1946
    Shelby Steele, American author and filmmaker
  • 1946
    Susannah McCorkle, American writer and singer (d. 2001)
  • 1947
    Frances Yip, Hong Kong singer
  • 1947
    James K. Glassman, American journalist and diplomat
  • 1947
    Jon Corzine, American politician, 54th Governor of New Jersey and former United States Senator from New Jersey
  • 1947
    Leonard Thompson, American professional golfer
  • 1947
    Paula Tsui, Hong Kong singer
  • 1948
    Ashok Saraf, Marathi/Hindi actor
  • 1948
    Devlet Bahçeli, Turkish politician
  • 1948
    Ismael Zambada García, Mexican drug lord
  • 1948
    Joe Petagno, American artist
  • 1948
    Pavel Grachev, Russian general
  • 1949
    Borys Tarasyuk, Ukrainian politician
  • 1949
    Daniel E Gawthrop, American composer
  • 1949
    Max Azria, French fashion designer
  • 1950
    Deepa Mehta, Indian-born Canadian film director and screenwriter
  • 1950
    Morgan Fisher, English musician (Mott the Hoople)
  • 1950
    Wayne Bennett, Australian rugby league coach
  • 1951
    Ashfaq Hussain, Urdu poet
  • 1951
    Hans-Joachim Stuck, German race car driver
  • 1951
    Nana Patekar, Indian film and stage actor
  • 1952
    Rosario Marchese, Italian-Canadian politician
  • 1952
    Stephanie Faracy, American actress
  • 1953
    Alpha Blondy, Ivorian reggae singer
  • 1953
    Gary Johnson, American politician and 29th Governor of New Mexico
  • 1953
    Greg Carmichael, British guitarist (Acoustic Alchemy)
  • 1953
    Lynn Jones, American baseball player
  • 1954
    Bob Menendez, American politician and United States Senator from New Jersey
  • 1954
    Richard Edson, American actor and musician
  • 1954
    Yannis Papathanasiou, Greek politician
  • 1955
    LaMarr Hoyt, American baseball player
  • 1956
    Kōji Yakusho, Japanese actor
  • 1956
    Mark R. Hughes, American entrepreneur (d. 2000)
  • 1956
    Mike Mitchell, American basketball player
  • 1956
    Sergei Avdeyev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1956
    Sheila McCarthy, Canadian actress
  • 1956
    Ziad Rahbani, Lebanese composer
  • 1957
    Evangelos Venizelos, Greek lawyer and politician
  • 1957
    Ewa Kasprzyk, Polish actress
  • 1957
    Mark Hurd, American businessman
  • 1958
    Dave Silk, American ice hockey player
  • 1958
    Grandmaster Flash, Barbadian musician
  • 1958
    Ren Woods, American actress and singer
  • 1959
    Abdul Ahad Momand, Afghan cosmonaut
  • 1959
    Andy Andrews, American tennis player
  • 1959
    Azali Assoumani, Comorian president
  • 1959
    Michel Onfray, French philosopher
  • 1959
    Panagiotis Giannakis, Greek basketball player and coach
  • 1960
    Leilani Kai, American wrestler
  • 1960
    Michael Seibert, American ice dancer
  • 1960
    Rayo de Jalisco, Jr., Mexican wrestler
  • 1961
    Fiona Phillips, British television presenter
  • 1961
    Mark Wingett, British actor
  • 1961
    Sam Backo, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1961
    Sam Palahnuk, American video game designer
  • 1961
    Sergei Babayan, American classical pianist
  • 1962
    Ari Up, German musician (The Slits) (d. 2010)
  • 1963
    Alberigo Evani, Italian footballer
  • 1963
    Dražen Ladić, Croatian footballer
  • 1963
    Jean-Marc Gounon, French race car driver
  • 1963
    Lina Kačiušytė, Lithuanian swimmer
  • 1963
    Linda Henry, English actor
  • 1964
    Dedee Pfeiffer, American actress
  • 1964
    Juliana Donald, American actress
  • 1965
    Andrew Valmon, American athlete
  • 1965
    John Sullivan, American politician
  • 1966
    Adam Paskowitz, American singer (The Flys)
  • 1966
    Anna Burke, Australian politician
  • 1966
    Tina Landon, Mexican-American choreographer
  • 1967
    Derrick Thomas, American football player (d. 2000)
  • 1967
    Gorsha Sur, Russian ice dancer
  • 1967
    John Digweed, English DJ
  • 1967
    Juanma Bajo Ulloa, Spanish film director
  • 1967
    Spencer Tunick, American artist
  • 1967
    Tim Dog, American rapper
  • 1968
    Davor Šuker, Croatian footballer
  • 1968
    Felix Chong, Hong Kong screenwriter
  • 1968
    Joey Stefano, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1968
    Miki Higashino, Japanese composer
  • 1969
    Christi Paul, American news anchor
  • 1969
    Melissa DiMarco, Canadian actress
  • 1969
    Morris Chestnut, American actor
  • 1969
    Nicolle Dickson, Australian actress
  • 1969
    Paul Lawrie, Scottish golfer
  • 1969
    Verne Troyer, American actor
  • 1970
    Kimberly Page, American manager and actress
  • 1971
    Bobby Holik, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1971
    Chris Potter, American jazz saxophonist
  • 1971
    Ezra Weisz, American voice actor
  • 1971
    Fredro Starr, American rapper (Onyx)
  • 1971
    Juan Carlos Plata, Guatemalan soccer player
  • 1971
    Phoebus, Greek songwriter
  • 1971
    Sammie Henson, American wrestler
  • 1971
    Scott Riggs, American racing driver
  • 1972
    Barron Miles, American Canadian football player
  • 1972
    Catherine McCormack, British actress
  • 1972
    Garrett K. Gomez, American horse jockey
  • 1972
    Lilian Thuram, French footballer
  • 1972
    Neve McIntosh, Scottish actress
  • 1972
    Yermakhan Ibraimov, Kazakh boxer
  • 1973
    Anwar Mansoor Mangrio, Sindhi poet
  • 1973
    Danny Lloyd, American actor
  • 1973
    Li Fang, Chinese tennis player
  • 1973
    Magnus Sahlgren, Swedish musician (Lake of Tears)
  • 1973
    Shelda Bede, Brazilian beach volleyball player
  • 1974
    Christian Paradis, Canadian politician
  • 1974
    Eva Birthistle, Irish actress
  • 1974
    Giorgos Theodotou, Greek-Cypriot footballer
  • 1974
    Hamilton Ricard, Colombian footballer
  • 1975
    Becky Kellar-Duke, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975
    Bengt Sæternes, Norwegian footballer
  • 1975
    Chris Anstey, Australian basketball player
  • 1975
    Eiichiro Oda, Japanese manga artist
  • 1975
    Fernando Tatis, Dominican baseball player
  • 1975
    Joe Cannon, American footballer
  • 1975
    Sonali Bendre, Indian model and actress
  • 1977
    Andrei Stoliarov, Russian tennis player
  • 1977
    Hasan Salihamidžić, Bosnian footballer
  • 1977
    Jerry Yan, Taiwanese actor and singer
  • 1977
    Leoš Friedl, Czech tennis player
  • 1977
    María de la Paz Hernández, Argentinian field hockey player
  • 1977
    Robert Roode, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1978
    Mykhaylo Renzhyn, Latvian skier
  • 1978
    Nina Bott, German actress
  • 1978
    Phillip Mulryne, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1978
    Tarik O'Regan, British composer
  • 1978
    Vidya Balan, Indian model and actress
  • 1979
    Brody Dalle, Australian singer (The Distillers)
  • 1979
    Fadi El Khatib, Lebanese basketball player
  • 1979
    Koichi Domoto, Japanese artist
  • 1980
    Elin Nordegren, Swedish model
  • 1980
    Lazaros Agadakos, Greek basketball player
  • 1981
    Abdülkadir Koçak, Turkish boxer
  • 1981
    Eden Riegel, American actress
  • 1981
    Jonas Armstrong, English actor
  • 1981
    Mladen Petrić, Croatian footballer
  • 1981
    Zsolt Baumgartner, Hungarian racing driver
  • 1982
    David Nalbandian, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1982
    Luke Rodgers, English soccer player
  • 1983
    Calum Davenport, English footballer
  • 1983
    Emi Kobayashi, Japanese model
  • 1983
    Park Sung-Hyun, South Korean Olympic archer
  • 1983
    Thomas Morrison, English actor
  • 1984
    Alok Kapali, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1984
    Cheung Kin Fung, Hong Kong footballer
  • 1984
    José Paolo Guerrero, Peruvian footballer
  • 1984
    Michael Witt, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1984
    Mohammed Ghaddar, Lebanese footballer
  • 1984
    Stefano Pastrello, Italian footballer
  • 1985
    Eyjólfur Héðinsson, Icelandic professional footballer and model
  • 1985
    Jeff Carter, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985
    Steven Davis, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1985
    Tiago Splitter, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1986
    Colin Morgan, Northern Irish actor
  • 1986
    Glen Davis, American basketball player
  • 1986
    James Davis, American football player
  • 1986
    Pablo Cuevas, Uruguayan tennis player
  • 1986
    Sungmin, South Korean singer (Super Junior)
  • 1987
    Chris Collins, American actor and comedian
  • 1987
    Devin Setoguchi, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987
    Gilbert Brule, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1988
    Grzegorz Panfil, Polish tennis player
  • 1992
    He Kexin, Chinese gymnast
  • 1992
    Jack Wilshere, English footballer
  • 1992
    Tim Menzel, German rugby player
  • 1998
    Marlene Lawston, American child actress

Who Died On January 1?

  • 379
    Saint Basil of Caesarea (b. 330)
  • 404
    Saint Telemachus, Christian monk
  • 874
    Hasan al-Askari, eleventh Shia Imam (b. 846)
  • 898
    Odo, Count of Paris (b. 860)
  • 962
    Baldwin III, Count of Flanders (b. c. 940)
  • 1204
    King Haakon III of Norway (b. c. 1170)
  • 1387
    King Charles II of Navarre (b. 1332)
  • 1515
    King Louis XII of France (b. 1462)
  • 1554
    Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conquistador (b. 1500)
  • 1559
    Christian III of Denmark and Norway (b. 1503)
  • 1560
    Joachim du Bellay, French poet (b. 1522)
  • 1617
    Hendrik Goltzius, Dutch painter (b. 1558)
  • 1631
    Thomas Hobson, the “Cambridge Carrier”, eponym of Hobson’s Choice (b. 1544)
  • 1697
    Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine biographer/historian (b. 1624)
  • 1716
    William Wycherley, English dramatist (b. 1640)
  • 1730
    Samuel Sewall, English judge (b. 1652)
  • 1742
    Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (b. 1686)
  • 1748
    Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1667)
  • 1759
    Jacques-Joachim Trotti, marquis de La Chétardie, French adventurer (b. 1705)
  • 1766
    James Francis Edward Stuart, “The Old Pretender” (b. 1688)
  • 1782
    Johann Christian Bach, German composer (b. 1735)
  • 1789
    Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (b. 1716)
  • 1793
    Francesco Guardi, Venetian painter (b. 1712)
  • 1796
    Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician (b. 1735)
  • 1800
    Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton, French naturalist (b. 1716)
  • 1817
    Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist (b. 1743)
  • 1835
    Mátyás Godina, writer, teacher and pastor (b. 1768)
  • 1852
    John George Children, British chemist, mineralogist and zoologist (b. 1777)
  • 1853
    Gregory Blaxland, Australian explorer (b. 1778)
  • 1862
    Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist (b. 1801)
  • 1869
    Martin W. Bates, American politician (b. 1786)
  • 1881
    Louis Auguste Blanqui, French political activist (b. 1805)
  • 1892
    Roswell B. Mason, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
  • 1894
    Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, German physicist (b. 1857)
  • 1896
    Alfred Ely Beach, American inventor (b. 1826)
  • 1906
    Sir Hugh Nelson, Premier of Queensland (b. 1835)
  • 1918
    Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet (b. 1858)
  • 1919
    Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (b. 1881)
  • 1921
    Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1856)
  • 1922
    István Kühár, Slovene (Prekmurian) writer and politician (b. 1887)
  • 1931
    Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (b. 1851)
  • 1932
    C P Scott, British journalist, publisher and politician (b. 1846)
  • 1940
    Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Indian writer and essayist (b. 1865)
  • 1943
    Colonel Andrew Summers Rowan, U.S. military officer who gave “a message to Garcia” (b. 1857)
  • 1944
    Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (b. 1862)
  • 1944
    Sir Edward Lutyens, British architect who designed New Delhi (b. 1869)
  • 1953
    Hank Williams, American singer (b. 1923)
  • 1954
    Duff Cooper, British diplomat and writer (b. 1890)
  • 1955
    Arthur C. Parker, American archaeologist, folklorist, and historian (b. 1881)
  • 1957
    Seán South and Fergal O'Hanlon are killed in the Brookeborough Raid
  • 1958
    Edward Weston, American photographer (b. 1886)
  • 1960
    Margaret Sullavan, American actress, screenwriter (b. 1909)
  • 1964
    Bechara El Khoury, President of Lebanon (b. 1890)
  • 1966
    Vincent Auriol, French politician (b. 1884)
  • 1969
    Barton MacLane, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1969
    Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (b. 1888)
  • 1971
    Saint Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian Orthodox Christian Saint (b. 1894)
  • 1972
    Maurice Chevalier, French actor and singer (b. 1888)
  • 1973
    Sergei Kourdakov, former KGB agent (b. 1951)
  • 1980
    Adolph Deutsch, American composer and arranger (b. 1897)
  • 1980
    Pietro Nenni, Italian socialist politician (b. 1891)
  • 1981
    Hephzibah Menuhin, American-Jewish concert pianist (b. 1920)
  • 1982
    Victor Buono, American actor (b. 1938)
  • 1984
    Alexis Korner, British blues musician (b. 1928)
  • 1985
    Kamatari Fujiwara, Japanese actor (b. 1905)
  • 1985
    Sigerson Clifford, Irish poet and writer (b. 1913)
  • 1986
    Alfredo Binda, Italian cyclist (b. 1902)
  • 1986
    Bruce Norris, American hockey executive (Detroit Red Wings) (b. 1924)
  • 1989
    Aleka Stratigou, Greek actress (b. 1926)
  • 1991
    Buck Ram, American songwriter and businessman (The Platters) (b. 1907)
  • 1992
    Grace Hopper, American computer pioneer (b. 1906)
  • 1994
    Cesar Romero, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1994
    Edward Arthur Thompson, British historian (b. 1914)
  • 1994
    Lord Arthur Porritt, Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1900)
  • 1995
    Eugene Wigner, Hungarian American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1995
    Fred West, British serial killer (suicide) (b. 1941)
  • 1996
    Arleigh Burke, American admiral (b. 1901)
  • 1996
    Arthur Rudolph, German engineer (b. 1906)
  • 1997
    Hagood Hardy, Canadian composer and musician (b. 1937)
  • 1997
    Ivan Graziani, Italian singer-songwriter (b. 1945)
  • 1997
    Townes Van Zandt, American country musician (b. 1944)
  • 1998
    Helen Wills Moody, American tennis player (b. 1905)
  • 2000
    Colin Vaughan, Australian political journalist (b. 1931)
  • 2001
    Ray Walston, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2002
    Julia Phillips, American film producer (b. 1944)
  • 2003
    Cyril Shaps, English actor (b. 1923)
  • 2003
    Dumitru Tinu, Romanian journalist (b. 1940)
  • 2003
    F. William Free, American advertising executive (b. 1928)
  • 2003
    Joe Foss, American politician, fighter pilot, Medal of Honor recipient and AFL Commissioner (b. 1915)
  • 2005
    Bob Matsui, American politician (b. 1941)
  • 2005
    Eugene J. Martin, American painter, artist (b. 1938)
  • 2005
    Hugh Lawson, 6th Baron Burnham, British newspaperman (b. 1931)
  • 2005
    Shirley Chisholm, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 2006
    Bryan Harvey, American musician (House of Freaks) (b. 1956)
  • 2006
    Dawn Lake, Australian TV comedienne (b. 1927)
  • 2006
    Harry Magdoff, American magazine editor (b. 1913)
  • 2006
    Hugh McLaughlin, Irish publisher and inventor (b. 1918)
  • 2007
    A. I. Bezzerides, American novelist and screenwriter (b. 1908)
  • 2007
    Darrent Williams, American football player (b. 1982)
  • 2007
    Del Reeves, American country singer (b. 1932)
  • 2007
    Ernie Koy, American baseball player (b. 1909)
  • 2007
    Julius Hegyi, American conductor (b. 1923)
  • 2007
    Leon Davidson, American scientist known for studying UFOs (b. 1922)
  • 2007
    Leonard Fraser, Australian serial killer (b. 1951)
  • 2007
    Roland Levinsky, South African medical scientist (b. 1943)
  • 2007
    Tad Jones, American jazz music historian (b. 1952)
  • 2007
    Tillie Olsen, American writer (b. 1912)
  • 2008
    Harold Corsini, American photographer (b. 1919)
  • 2008
    Peter Caffrey, Irish actor (b. 1949)
  • 2008
    Pratap Chandra Chunder, Union minister of India (b. 1919)
  • 2008
    Salvatore Bonanno, son of Joseph Bonanno (b. 1932)
  • 2009
    Aarne Arvonen, Finnish supercentenerian (b.1897)
  • 2009
    Claiborne Pell, U.S. senator (b. 1918)
  • 2009
    Nizar Rayan, Hamas leader (b. 1962)
  • 2010
    Lhasa de Sela, Mexican-American singer (b. 1972)
  • 2011
    Flemming Jørgensen, Danish singer (b. 1947)
  • 2011
    Marin Constantin, Romanian composer and conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2011
    Reynaldo Dagsa, Filipino politician
  • 2012
    Carlos Soria, politician, Secretary of Intelligence (2002) and Governor of Río Negro (2011) (b. 1948)
  • 2012
    Gary Ablett, English footballer (b. 1965)
  • 2012
    Yafa Yarkoni, Israeli singer (b. 1925)

Coffee Love Did you know that coffee and word games are an excellent combination to sharpen your vocabulary? Try this! Within 30 seconds, how many words can you think of from these letters SVUONAIQHF? Check your answers here: Word search SVUONAIQHF. (Sponsored by WordFinder.Cafe)



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