What happened on December 23? There are more than 272 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About December 23

December 23 In HistoryDecember 23 is the 357th day of the year 2021. There are 8 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Thursday. This day falls under the 51st week of the year 2021.

On this day in Houston, Texas 77001 sunrise will occur at 07:13 AM and sunset will occur at 05:27 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Capricorn. The modern birthstone for this month is Turquoise while the mystical birthstone is Onyx.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 40 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 1, 2022).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the October 25 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For December 23

  • 962
    Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed the city of Aleppo
  • 1572
    Theologian Johann Sylvan executed in Heidelberg for his heretical Antitrinitarian beliefs
  • 1688
    As part of the Glorious Revolution, King James II of England flees England to Paris after being deposed in favour of his nephew, William of Orange and his daughter Mary.
  • 1783
    George Washington resigns as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army at the Maryland State House in Annapolis, Maryland.
  • 1793
    The Battle of Savenay, decisive defeat of the royalist counter-revolutionaries in Revolt in the Vendée during the French Revolution.
  • 1823
    A Visit from St. Nicholas, also known as The Night Before Christmas, is published anonymously.
  • 1893
    The opera Hänsel und Gretel by Engelbert Humperdinck is first performed.
  • 1913
    The Federal Reserve Act is signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, creating the Federal Reserve.
  • 1914
    World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt.
  • 1916
    World War I: Battle of Magdhaba – Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt’s Sinai peninsula.
  • 1919
    Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 becomes law in the UK.
  • 1921
    Visva-Bharati University is inaugurated.
  • 1936
    Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1936
    First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.
  • 1938
    Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa.
  • 1940
    World War II: Greek submarine Papanikolis (Υ-2) sinks the Italian motor ship Antonietta.
  • 1941
    World War II: After 15 days of fighting, the Japanese Imperial Army occupies Wake Island.
  • 1947
    The transistor is first demonstrated at Bell Laboratories.
  • 1948
    Seven Japanese convicted of war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East are executed at Sugamo Prison in Tokyo.
  • 1958
    Dedication of Tokyo Tower, the world’s highest self-supporting iron tower.
  • 1968
    The 82 sailors from the USS Pueblo are released after eleven months of internment in North Korea.
  • 1970
    The North Tower of the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York City is topped out at 1,368 feet (417 m), making it the tallest building in the world.
  • 1972
    A 6.5 magnitude earthquake strikes the Nicaraguan capital of Managua killing more than 10,000.
  • 1972
    The 16 survivors of the Andes flight disaster are rescued after 73 days, having survived by cannibalism.
  • 1979
    Soviet war in Afghanistan: Soviet forces occupy Kabul, the Afghan capital.
  • 1982
    The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces it has identified dangerous levels of dioxin in the soil of Times Beach, Missouri.
  • 1986
    Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, lands at Edwards Air Force Base in California becoming the first aircraft to fly non-stop around the world without aerial or ground refueling.
  • 1990
    History of Slovenia: In a referendum, 88.5% of Slovenia’s overall electorate vote for independence from Yugoslavia.
  • 2002
    A MQ-1 Predator is shot down by an Iraqi MiG-25, making it the first time in history that an aircraft and an unmanned drone had engaged in combat.
  • 2003
    PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Kai County, Chongqing, China, killing at least 234.
  • 2007
    An agreement is made for the monarchy of Nepal to be abolished and the country to become a federal republic with the Prime Minister becoming head of state.

Who Were Born On December 23?

  • 245
    Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra
  • 1173
    Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1231)
  • 1513
    Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (d. 1577)
  • 1582
    Severo Bonini, Italian composer (d. 1663)
  • 1597
    Martin Opitz von Boberfeld, German poet (d. 1639)
  • 1613
    Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish soldier (d. 1676)
  • 1621
    Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (d. 1678)
  • 1621
    Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1682)
  • 1689
    Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, French composer (d. 1755)
  • 1713
    Maruyama Gondazaemon, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 3rd Yokozuna (d. 1749)
  • 1732
    Richard Arkwright, English industrialist and inventor (d. 1792)
  • 1743
    Ippolit Bogdanovich, Russian poet (d. 1803)
  • 1750
    King Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (d. 1827)
  • 1758
    Nathan Wilson U.S. Representative from New York (d. 1834)
  • 1777
    Tsar Alexander I of Russia (d. 1825)
  • 1790
    Jean-François Champollion, French Egyptologist (d. 1832)
  • 1804
    Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French literary critic (d. 1869)
  • 1805
    Joseph Smith, Jr., American religious leader (d. 1844)
  • 1819
    Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (d. 1889)
  • 1822
    Wilhelm Bauer, German engineer (d. 1875)
  • 1839
    János Murkovics, Slovene writer and teacher in Hungary (d. 1917)
  • 1843
    Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1924)
  • 1854
    Henry B. Guppy, British botanist (d. 1926)
  • 1864
    Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (d. 1890)
  • 1867
    Madam C.J. Walker, American philanthropist and tycoon (d. 1919)
  • 1874
    Viggo Wiehe, Danish actor (d. 1956)
  • 1878
    Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (d. 1972)
  • 1885
    Pierre Brissaud, French artist (d. 1964)
  • 1891
    Alexandr Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer (d. 1956)
  • 1896
    Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Sicilian writer (d. 1957)
  • 1900
    Otto Soglow, American comics artist (d. 1975)
  • 1902
    Charan Singh, Indian Prime Minister(d.1987)
  • 1902
    Norman Maclean, American author (d. 1990)
  • 1907
    Avraham Stern, Polish-born Zionist leader (d. 1942)
  • 1907
    Manuel Lopes, Cape Verdean writer and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1908
    Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born, Canadian portrait photographer (d. 2002)
  • 1910
    Kurt Meyer, German SS officer (d. 1961)
  • 1911
    James Gregory, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1911
    Niels Kaj Jerne, English-born immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1994)
  • 1916
    Dino Risi, Italian film director and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1918
    Helmut Schmidt, Chancellor of Germany
  • 1918
    José Greco, Italian-born flamenco dancer (d. 2001)
  • 1918
    Kumar Pallana, Indian-born American actor
  • 1919
    Kenneth M. Taylor, American pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1921
    Guy Beaulne, French Canadian actor and theatre director (d. 2001)
  • 1922
    Micheline Ostermeyer, French athlete and musician (d. 2001)
  • 1923
    Claudio Scimone, Italian conductor
  • 1923
    Günther Schifter, Austrian music journalist (d. 2008)
  • 1923
    James Stockdale, American admiral and Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2005)
  • 1923
    Onofre Marimón, Argentine racing driver (d. 1954)
  • 1924
    Bob Kurland, American basketball player
  • 1925
    Duncan Hallas, British political figure (d. 2002)
  • 1925
    Rayner Unwin, British book publisher (d. 2000)
  • 1926
    Robert Bly, American poet
  • 1928
    Chronis Aidonidis, Greek singer
  • 1929
    Chet Baker, American jazz trumpet player (d. 1988)
  • 1929
    Dick Weber, American professional tenpin bowler (d. 2005)
  • 1931
    Ronnie Schell, American actor
  • 1933
    Akihito, Emperor of Japan
  • 1935
    Esther Phillips, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1935
    Paul Hornung, American football player
  • 1936
    Frederic Forrest, American actor
  • 1937
    Barney Rosenzweig, American television producer
  • 1937
    Edward Irving Wortis, American author
  • 1938
    Bob Kahn, American Internet pioneer
  • 1940
    Eugene Record, American singer (The Chi-Lites) (d. 2005)
  • 1940
    Jorma Kaukonen, American musician (Jefferson Airplane, Hot Tuna)
  • 1940
    Robert Labine, French-Canadian politician
  • 1941
    Serge Reding, Belgian weightlifter (d. 1975)
  • 1941
    Tim Hardin, American musician (d. 1980)
  • 1942
    John Peterman, American fashion designer
  • 1942
    Quentin Bryce, Governor-General of Australia
  • 1943
    Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1943
    Harry Shearer, American actor
  • 1943
    Mikhail Gromov, Russian-born mathematician
  • 1943
    Ron Allen, American baseball player
  • 1943
    Silvia Sommerlath, Queen of Sweden
  • 1944
    Wesley Clark, American military officer
  • 1945
    Ron Bushy, American drummer (Iron Butterfly)
  • 1946
    Edita Gruberová, Slovak operatic soprano
  • 1946
    John Sullivan, British screenwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1946
    Susan Lucci, American actress
  • 1947
    Graham Bonnet, English musician
  • 1948
    Jack Ham, American football player
  • 1948
    Jim Ferguson, American guitarist, composer, educator, author, and music journalist
  • 1948
    Leslie Moonves, American television executive
  • 1949
    Adrian Belew, American musician (King Crimson)
  • 1950
    Ilchi Lee, Korean educator and author
  • 1950
    Michael C. Burgess, American politician
  • 1950
    Vicente del Bosque, Spanish football manager
  • 1951
    Anthony Phillips, British musician (Genesis)
  • 1952
    William Kristol, American political commentator
  • 1953
    Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia
  • 1955
    Carol Ann Duffy, Scottish poet and playwright; Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom
  • 1956
    Dale Berra, American baseball player
  • 1956
    Dave Murray, English musician (Iron Maiden)
  • 1956
    Michele Alboreto, Italian Formula one driver (d. 2001)
  • 1957
    Dan Bigras, Canadian singer
  • 1957
    Trisha Goddard, English television presenter
  • 1958
    Joan Severance, American actress
  • 1958
    Victoria Williams, American singer
  • 1959
    Geoff Willis, British engineer
  • 1961
    Carol Smillie, British television personality
  • 1961
    Ezzat el Kamhawi, Egyptian novelist.
  • 1962
    Bertrand Gachot, Belgian racing driver
  • 1962
    Kang Je-gyu, South Korean film director
  • 1962
    Keiji Mutoh, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1963
    Ante Zelck, German entrepreneur and hostel pioneer.
  • 1963
    Donna Tartt, American author
  • 1963
    Jess Harnell, American voice actor and singer
  • 1963
    Jim Harbaugh, American football player
  • 1964
    Eddie Vedder, American musician (Pearl Jam)
  • 1967
    Carla Bruni, Italian-French model and singer
  • 1967
    Otis Grant, Jamaican-Canadian Professional Boxer
  • 1967
    Tim Fountain, British playwright
  • 1968
    Manuel Rivera-Ortiz, American photographer
  • 1968
    Quincy Jones III, Swedish-American musician
  • 1969
    Martha Byrne, American actress
  • 1969
    Rob Pelinka, American sports agent
  • 1970
    Catriona LeMay Doan, Canadian speed skater
  • 1970
    Holly Samos, British radio presenter
  • 1970
    Karine Polwart, Scottish folk singer-songwriter
  • 1970
    Raymont Harris, American football player
  • 1971
    Corey Haim, Canadian actor (d. 2010)
  • 1971
    Masayoshi Yamazaki, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1971
    Michalis Klokidis, Greek footballer
  • 1971
    Tara Palmer-Tomkinson, British socialite
  • 1971
    Wim Vansevenant, Belgian cyclist
  • 1972
    Christian Potenza, Canadian actor
  • 1974
    Agustín Delgado, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1975
    Sky Lopez, American actress
  • 1975
    Thanasis Sentementes, Greek footballer
  • 1975
    Vadim Sharifijanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1976
    Brad Lidge, American baseball player
  • 1976
    Dimitris Mavrogenidis, Greek footballer
  • 1976
    Jamie Noble, American professional wrestler
  • 1977
    Alge Crumpler, American football player
  • 1977
    Jari Mäenpää, Finnish guitarist and singer
  • 1977
    Matt Baker, British television presenter
  • 1977
    Paul Shirley, American basketball player
  • 1978
    Andra Davis, American football player
  • 1978
    Estella Warren, Canadian model and actress
  • 1978
    Esthero, Canadian musician and singer
  • 1978
    Jodie Marsh, British glamour model
  • 1978
    Víctor Martínez, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1979
    Holly Madison, American model
  • 1979
    Kenny Miller, Scottish football player
  • 1979
    Scott Gomez, American ice hockey player
  • 1979
    Summer Altice, American model and actress
  • 1980
    Cody Ross, American baseball player
  • 1980
    Elvin Ng, Singaporean actor
  • 1981
    Beth, Spanish singer
  • 1981
    Mario Santana, Argentine footballer
  • 1981
    Maritza Correia, American swimmer
  • 1981
    Yuriorkis Gamboa, Cuban boxer
  • 1982
    Brad Nelson, American baseball player
  • 1982
    Thomas Rohregger, Austrian cyclist (Leopard Trek)
  • 1983
    Carlos Jimenez, Spanish basketball player
  • 1983
    Hanley Ramírez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1983
    Michael Chopra, English footballer
  • 1984
    Joseph Stacey, British actor
  • 1984
    Sebastian Werle, German rugby player
  • 1985
    Harry Judd, British drummer (McFly)
  • 1985
    Luke O'Loughlin, Australian actor
  • 1986
    Beau Champion, Australian Rugby League Player
  • 1986
    TJ Oshie, American ice hockey player
  • 1987
    Owen Franks, New Zealand All Black rugby player
  • 1987
    Tommaso Bellazzini, Italian footballer
  • 1988
    Eliana Ramos, Uruguayan fashion model (d. 2007)
  • 1988
    Eri Kamei, Japanese singer
  • 1990
    Anna Maria Perez de Taglé, American actress, model, and singer
  • 1992
    Jeffrey Schlupp, German footballer

Who Died On December 23?

  • 668
    Mor Gabriel, Syriac Orthodox Saint (b. 594)
  • 679
    King Dagobert II of Austrasia (b. c. 650)
  • 910
    Naum of Preslav, Bulgarian scholar
  • 918
    Conrad I of Germany
  • 1230
    Berengaria of Navarre, queen of Richard I of England
  • 1556
    Nicholas Udall, English playwright (b. 1504)
  • 1568
    Roger Ascham, tutor of Elizabeth I of England
  • 1575
    Akiyama Nobutomo, Japanese military commander (b. 1531)
  • 1588
    Henry I, Duke of Guise, French Catholic leader (b. 1550)
  • 1631
    Michael Drayton, English poet (b. 1563)
  • 1646
    François Maynard, French poet (b. 1582)
  • 1652
    John Cotton, English-born American minister (b. 1585)
  • 1675
    Caesar, duc de Choiseul, French marshal and diplomat (b. 1602)
  • 1722
    Pierre Varignon, French mathematician (b. 1654)
  • 1761
    Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish Jacobite spy
  • 1763
    Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (b. 1697)
  • 1771
    Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, Canadian saint (b. 1701)
  • 1779
    Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (b. 1724)
  • 1789
    Charles-Michel de l'Épée, French philanthropist (b. 1712)
  • 1795
    Sir Henry Clinton, British general (b. 1730)
  • 1805
    Pehr Osbeck, Swedish explorer and naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1834
    Thomas Malthus, English demographer and economist (b. 1766)
  • 1846
    Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent, French naturalist (b. 1780)
  • 1902
    Frederick Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1821)
  • 1912
    Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (b. 1850)
  • 1926
    Swami Shraddhanand,(b.1856)
  • 1931
    Wilson Bentley, American scientist (b. 1865)
  • 1939
    Anthony Fokker, Dutch aircraft manufacturer (b. 1890)
  • 1946
    John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (b. 1873)
  • 1946
    Kiki Preston, American socialite (b. 1898)
  • 1948
    Akira Muto, Japanese army commander (b. 1883)
  • 1948
    Hideki Tojo, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1884)
  • 1950
    Vincenzo Tommasini, Italian composer (b. 1878)
  • 1953
    Lavrenty Beria, Soviet politician (b. 1899)
  • 1954
    René Iché, French sculptor (b. 1897)
  • 1961
    Kurt Meyer, German SS officer (b. 1910)
  • 1970
    Charles Ruggles, American actor (b. 1886)
  • 1971
    Pasha Hristova, Bulgarian singer (b. 1946)
  • 1972
    Andrei Tupolev, Soviet aircraft designer (b. 1888)
  • 1973
    Charles Atlas, Italian-born American bodybuilder (b. 1892)
  • 1973
    Irna Phillips, American television writer, director, and producer (b. 1901)
  • 1979
    Peggy Guggenheim, American art collector (b. 1898)
  • 1982
    Jack Webb, American actor, producer, and director (b. 1920)
  • 1983
    Colin Middleton, Northern Irish artist (b. 1910)
  • 1984
    Joan Lindsay, Australian author (b. 1896)
  • 1992
    Eddie Hazel, American guitarist (Funkadelic) (b. 1950)
  • 1992
    Vincent Fourcade, French interior designer (b. 1934)
  • 1994
    Sebastian Shaw, English actor (b. 1905)
  • 1997
    Stanley Cortez, American cinematographer (b. 1908)
  • 1998
    Michelle Thomas, American actress (b. 1968)
  • 2000
    Billy Barty, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 2000
    Noor Jehan, Pakistani singer and actress (b. 1926)
  • 2000
    Victor Borge, Danish-born comedian and pianist (b. 1909)
  • 2001
    Bola Ige, Nigerian politician (b. 1930)
  • 2004
    P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India (b. 1921)
  • 2005
    Lajos Baróti, Hungarian footballer and coach (b. 1914)
  • 2005
    Norman D. Vaughan, American polar explorer and musher (b. 1905)
  • 2006
    Charlie Drake, English comedian (b. 1925)
  • 2006
    Johnny Vincent, English footballer (b. 1947)
  • 2006
    Marilyn Waltz, American actress and model (b. 1931)
  • 2006
    Timothy J. Tobias, American composer and musician (b. 1952)
  • 2007
    Michael Kidd, American film and stage choreographer (b. 1915)
  • 2007
    Oscar Peterson, Canadian jazz pianist and composer (b. 1925)
  • 2007
    William Francis Ganong, American physiologist (b. 1924)
  • 2009
    Edward Schillebeeckx, Belgian Roman Catholic theologian (b. 1914)
  • 2009
    Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme, Tibetan official (b. 1910)
  • 2009
    Robert L. Howard, American Vietnam War soldier; Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1939)
  • 2010
    Fred Hargesheimer, American World War II pilot (b. 1916)
  • 2010
    K. Karunakaran, Indian politician (b. 1918)

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