What happened on August 23? There are more than 292 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About August 23

August 23 In HistoryAugust 23 is the 235th day of the year 2019. There are 130 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Friday. This day falls under the 34th week of the year 2019.

On this day in Valley Center, California 92082 sunrise occured at 11:16 AM and sunset occured at 12:24 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Virgo. The modern birthstone for this month is Peridot while the mystical birthstone is Diamond.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 155 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (January 25, 2020).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the October 17 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For August 23

  • 79
    Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on the feast day of Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.
  • 406
    Radagaisus is executed after he is defeated by the Roman army under Stilicho.
  • 1305
    Sir William Wallace is executed for High Treason at Smithfield in London.
  • 1328
    Battle of Cassel: French troops stop an uprising of Flemish farmers.
  • 1514
    Battle of Chaldiran ended with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, Safavids founder.
  • 1541
    French explorer Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec City in his third voyage to Canada.
  • 1555
    Calvinists are granted rights in the Netherlands.
  • 1572
    Mob violence against Huguenots in Paris – St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre.
  • 1595
    Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Calugareni.
  • 1650
    Colonel George Monck of the English Army forms Monck’s Regiment of Foot, which will later become the Coldstream Guards.
  • 1708
    Meidingnu Pamheiba is crowned King of Manipur.
  • 1765
    Beginning of Burmese–Siamese War (1765–1767)
  • 1775
    King George III declares that the American colonies exist in a state of open and avowed rebellion.
  • 1784
    Western North Carolina (now eastern Tennessee) declares itself an independent state under the name of Franklin; it wasn’t accepted into the United States, and only lasted for four years.
  • 1799
    Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.
  • 1813
    At the Battle of Grossbeeren, the Prussians under Von Bülow repulse the French army.
  • 1839
    The United Kingdom captures Hong Kong as a base as it prepares for war with Qing China. The ensuing 3-year conflict will later be known as the First Opium War.
  • 1858
    The Round Oak rail accident occurs in Brierley Hill in the Black Country, England. It is 'Arguably the worst disaster ever to occur on British railways'.
  • 1864
    The Union Navy captures Fort Morgan, Alabama, thus breaking Confederate dominance of all ports on the Gulf of Mexico.
  • 1866
    Austro-Prussian War ends with the Treaty of Prague.
  • 1873
    Albert Bridge in Chelsea, London opened.
  • 1896
    Officially recognised date of the Cry of Pugad Lawin, the start of the Philippine Revolution is made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manila (actual date and location is disputed).
  • 1904
    The automobile tire chain is patented.
  • 1914
    World War I: Japan declares war on Germany and bombs Qingdao, China.
  • 1914
    World War I: the Battle of Mons; the British Army begins withdrawal.
  • 1921
    British airship R-38 experiences structural failure over Hull in England and crashes in the Humber estuary. Of her 49 British and American training crew, only 4 survive.
  • 1923
    Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
  • 1927
    Sacco and Vanzetti are executed.
  • 1929
    Hebron Massacre during the 1929 Palestine riots: Arab attack on the Jewish community in Hebron in the British Mandate of Palestine, continuing until the next day, resulted in the death of 65-68 Jews and the remaining Jews being forced to leave the city.
  • 1938
    English cricketer Len Hutton sets a world record for the highest individual Test innings of 364, during a Test match against Australia.
  • 1939
    World War II: Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. In a secret addition to the pact, the Baltic states, Finland, Romania, and Poland are divided between the two nations.
  • 1942
    World War II: Beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad.
  • 1943
    World War II: Kharkov liberated as a result of the Battle of Kursk.
  • 1944
    Freckleton Air Disaster – A United States Army Air Forces B-24 Liberator bomber crashes into a school in Freckleton, England killing 61 people.
  • 1944
    World War II: Marseille liberated.
  • 1944
    World War II King Michael of Romania dismisses the pro-Nazi government of General Antonescu, who is arrested. Romania switches sides from the Axis to the Allies (see King Michael’s Coup)
  • 1946
    Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein.
  • 1948
    World Council of Churches is formed.
  • 1954
    First flight of the C-130 Hercules transport aircraft.
  • 1958
    Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People’s Liberation Army’s bombardment of Quemoy.
  • 1966
    Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first photograph of Earth from orbit around the Moon.
  • 1970
    Organized by Mexican American union leader César Chávez, the Salad Bowl strike, the largest farm worker strike in U.S. history, begins.
  • 1973
    A bank robbery gone wrong in Stockholm, Sweden, turns into a hostage crisis; over the next five days the hostages begin to sympathise with their captors, leading to the term “Stockholm syndrome”.
  • 1977
    The Gossamer Condor wins the Kremer prize for human powered flight.
  • 1982
    Bachir Gemayel is elected Lebanese President amidst the raging civil war.
  • 1985
    Hans Tiedge, top counter-spy of West Germany, defects to East Germany.
  • 1989
    1,645 Australian domestic airline pilots resign after the airlines threaten to fire them and sue them over a dispute.
  • 1989
    Singing Revolution: two million people from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania stand on the Vilnius-Tallinn road, holding hands (Baltic Way).
  • 1990
    Armenia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1990
    Saddam Hussein appears on Iraqi state television with a number of Western “guests” (actually hostages) to try to prevent the Gulf War.
  • 1990
    West Germany and East Germany announce that they will unite on October 3.
  • 1994
    Eugene Bullard, The only black pilot in World War I, is posthumously commissioned as Second Lieutenant in the United States Air Force.
  • 1996
    Osama bin Laden issues message entitled 'A declaration of war against the Americans occupying the land of the two holy places.'
  • 2000
    Gulf Air Flight 072 crashes into the Persian Gulf near Manama, Bahrain, killing 143.
  • 2006
    Natascha Kampusch, who had been abducted at the age of 10, managed to escape from her captor Wolfgang Priklopil, after 8 years of captivity.
  • 2007
    The skeletal remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and his sister Anastasia are found near Yekaterinburg, Russia.
  • 2010
    Manila hostage crisis, in which 8 hostages were killed
  • 2011
    A 5.8 earthquake occurred in Mineral, Virginia, the earthquake was felt as far north as Ontario and as far south as Atlanta, Georgia. Damaged occurred to monuments in Washington D.C. and the resulted damage was estimated at $100 Million.
  • 2011
    Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi is overthrown after the National Transitional Council forces take control of Bab al-Azizia compound during the 2011 Libyan Civil War.

Who Were Born On August 23?

  • 1486
    Sigismund von Herberstein, Austrian diplomat and historian (d. 1566)
  • 1524
    François Hotman, French lawyer and writer (d. 1590)
  • 1623
    Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish Socinian theologist (d. 1675)
  • 1724
    Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman (d. 1796)
  • 1741
    Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse, French explorer (d. 1788)
  • 1754
    King Louis XVI of France (d. 1793)
  • 1757
    Marie Magdalene Charlotte Ackermann, German actress (d. 1775)
  • 1769
    Georges Cuvier, French biologist and statesman (d. 1832)
  • 1783
    William Tierney Clark, English civil engineer (d. 1852)
  • 1785
    Oliver Hazard Perry, American naval officer (d. 1819)
  • 1805
    Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman (d. 1893)
  • 1814
    James Roosevelt Bayley, American religious leader (d. 1877)
  • 1829
    Moritz Cantor, German mathematician (d. 1920)
  • 1836
    Marie Henriette of Austria, Queen of the Belgians (d. 1902)
  • 1843
    William Southam, Canadian newspaper publisher (d. 1932)
  • 1846
    Alexander Milne Calder, American sculptor (d. 1923)
  • 1847
    Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer (d. 1927)
  • 1849
    William Ernest Henley, British poet, critic, and editor (d. 1903)
  • 1852
    Arnold Toynbee, English economist and social reformer (d. 1883)
  • 1852
    Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia. (d. 1913)
  • 1854
    Moritz Moszkowski, Polish/German composer (d. 1925)
  • 1864
    Eleftherios Venizelos, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1936)
  • 1868
    Edgar Lee Masters, American author (d. 1950)
  • 1875
    Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist (d. 1946)
  • 1875
    William Eccles, English radio pioneer (d. 1966)
  • 1877
    István Medgyaszay, Hungarian architect and writer (d. 1959)
  • 1880
    Alexander Grin, Russian writer (d. 1932)
  • 1883
    Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, American general (d. 1953)
  • 1884
    Ogden L. Mills, American Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1937)
  • 1884
    Will Cuppy, American humorist (d. 1949)
  • 1900
    Ernst Krenek, Austrian-born composer (d. 1991)
  • 1900
    Louise Nevelson, American sculptor (d. 1988)
  • 1900
    Malvina Reynolds, American folk singer/songwriter (d. 1978)
  • 1901
    Guy Bush, Major League Baseball pitcher (d. 1985)
  • 1901
    John Sherman Cooper, American politician (d. 1991)
  • 1903
    William Primrose, Scottish violist (d. 1982)
  • 1905
    Constant Lambert, British composer (d. 1951)
  • 1908
    Hannah Frank, Scottish artist (d. 2008)
  • 1909
    Syd Buller, English cricketer (d. 1970)
  • 1910
    Giuseppe Meazza, Italian footballer (d. 1979)
  • 1910
    Lonny Frey, American baseball player (d. 2009)
  • 1911
    Birger Ruud, Norwegian ski-jumper (d. 1998)
  • 1912
    Gene Kelly, American dancer and actor (d. 1996)
  • 1917
    Tex Williams, American singer (d. 1985)
  • 1919
    Vladimir Rokhlin, Soviet mathematician (d. 1984)
  • 1921
    Kenneth Arrow, American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize winner
  • 1921
    Sam Cook, England cricketer (d. 1996)
  • 1922
    George Kell, American baseball player (d. 2009)
  • 1922
    Jean Darling, American child actress
  • 1922
    Nazik Al-Malaika, Iraqi poet (d. 2007)
  • 1922
    Pierre Gauvreau, French Canadian painter, television writer and producer
  • 1923
    Edgar F. Codd, English computer scientist (d. 2003)
  • 1924
    Ephraim Kishon, Israeli writer (d. 2005)
  • 1924
    Robert Solow, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1925
    Robert Mulligan, American film director (d. 2008)
  • 1926
    Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist, (d. 2006)
  • 1926
    Gyula Hernádi, Hungarian writer and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1927
    Dick Bruna, Dutch illustrator
  • 1927
    Martial Solal, French jazz pianist and composer
  • 1928
    Marian Seldes, American actress
  • 1929
    Vera Miles, American actress
  • 1929
    Zoltán Czibor, Hungarian footballer (d. 1997)
  • 1930
    Michel Rocard, French politician
  • 1931
    Hamilton O. Smith, American microbiologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1932
    Houari Boumediène, President of Algeria (d. 1978)
  • 1932
    Mark Russell, American comedian and political commentator
  • 1933
    Pete Wilson, American politician
  • 1933
    Robert Curl, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1934
    Barbara Eden, American actress and singer
  • 1934
    Sonny Jurgensen, American football player
  • 1936
    Henry Lee Lucas, American serial killer (d. 2001)
  • 1942
    Letta Mbulu, Southafrican singer.
  • 1943
    Nelson DeMille, American novelist
  • 1944
    Antonia Novello, former United States Surgeon General
  • 1945
    Rayfield Wright, American football player
  • 1946
    Keith Moon, English musician (The Who) (d. 1978)
  • 1947
    David Robb, British actor
  • 1947
    Willy Russell, British playwright
  • 1948
    Andrei Pleşu, Romanian writer, essayist
  • 1948
    Daniel Ruettiger, American motivational speaker
  • 1949
    Geoff Capes, English strongman
  • 1949
    Rick Springfield, Australian singer and actor
  • 1949
    Shelley Long, American actress
  • 1951
    Akhmad Kadyrov, President of Chechnya (d. 2004)
  • 1951
    Allan Bristow, American basketball head coach
  • 1951
    Jimi Jamison, American singer (Survivor)
  • 1951
    Queen Noor of Jordan
  • 1952
    Georgios Paraschos, Greek footballer
  • 1952
    Vicky Leandros, Greek singer and politician
  • 1953
    Bobby G, British singer (Bucks Fizz)
  • 1953
    Ernst Savkovic, German footballer
  • 1954
    Charles Busch, American director, writer, actor and drag queen
  • 1956
    Andreas Floer, German mathematician (d. 1991)
  • 1956
    Hans-Jürgen Salewski, German footballer
  • 1956
    Skipp Sudduth, American actor
  • 1956
    Valgerd Svarstad Haugland, Norwegian politician
  • 1957
    Tasos Mitropoulos, Greek footballer and politician
  • 1958
    Julio Franco, Dominican baseball player
  • 1959
    George Kalovelonis, Greek tennis player
  • 1960
    Chris Potter, Canadian actor
  • 1960
    Gary Hoey, American Guitarist
  • 1960
    Rodney Alan Greenblat, American graphic artist
  • 1961
    Dean DeLeo, American musician (Stone Temple Pilots)
  • 1961
    Gary Mabbutt, English footballer
  • 1962
    Martin Cauchon, Canadian politician
  • 1962
    Shaun Ryder, English musician
  • 1963
    Hans-Henning Fastrich, German field hockey player
  • 1963
    Kenny Wallace, American race car driver
  • 1963
    Park Chan-wook, Korean director and screenwriter
  • 1963
    Richard Illingworth, England cricketer
  • 1964
    Johan Bruyneel, Belgian cyclist
  • 1964
    Kong Hee, Singaporean pastor
  • 1964
    Wendy Pepper, American designer
  • 1964
    Yoshikazu Taru, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1965
    Roger Avary, Canadian screenwriter, director, and producer
  • 1966
    Rik Smits, Dutch-American basketball player
  • 1967
    Richard Petrie, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1968
    Chris DiMarco, American golfer
  • 1968
    Laura Claycomb, American operatic soprano
  • 1969
    Geneviève Brouillette, Canadian television and film actress
  • 1969
    Jeremy Schaap, American sportswriter
  • 1969
    Keith Tyson, English artist
  • 1970
    Brad Mehldau, American pianist
  • 1970
    Jay Mohr, American actor and comedian
  • 1970
    Krishnakumar Kunnath, Indian singer
  • 1970
    Lawrence Frank, American basketball coach
  • 1970
    River Phoenix, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1971
    BoneCrusher, American rapper
  • 1971
    Demetrio Albertini, Italian footballer
  • 1972
    Mark Butcher, England cricketer
  • 1972
    Martin Grainger, English footballer
  • 1972
    Raul Casanova, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1973
    Casey Blake, American baseball player
  • 1973
    Kerry Walmsley, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1973
    Malaika Arora Khan, Indian actress and model
  • 1974
    Benjamin Limo, Kenyan runner
  • 1974
    Christian Beranek, American graphic novelist and actor
  • 1974
    Mark Bellhorn, American baseball player
  • 1974
    Ray Park, Scottish actor
  • 1974
    Shifty Shellshock, American musician (Crazy Town)
  • 1975
    Eliza Carthy, English singer and fiddler
  • 1975
    Sean Marks, New Zealander-born basketball player
  • 1976
    Pat Garrity, American basketball player
  • 1976
    Scott Caan, American actor
  • 1977
    Douglas Sequeira, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1978
    Julian Casablancas, American singer (The Strokes)
  • 1978
    Kobe Bryant, American basketball player
  • 1979
    Edgar Sosa, Mexican boxer
  • 1979
    Jessica Bibby, Australian basketball player
  • 1979
    Ritchie Neville, British musician
  • 1980
    Denny Bautista, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980
    Diamondog, Angolan rapper
  • 1980
    Rex Grossman, American football player
  • 1981
    Carlos Cuéllar, Spanish footballer
  • 1981
    Carmen Luvana, American pornographic actress
  • 1981
    Ozzy Lusth, American “Survivor” contestant
  • 1981
    Stephan Loboué, Ivorian footballer
  • 1982
    Natalie Coughlin, American swimmer
  • 1982
    Scott Palguta, American soccer player
  • 1982
    Trevor Wright, American actor
  • 1982
    YTCracker, American musician and computer hacker
  • 1983
    Sun Ming Ming, Chinese basketball player
  • 1983
    Tony Moll, American football player
  • 1984
    Glen Johnson, English footballer
  • 1986
    Neil Cicierega, American cartoonist and musician
  • 1987
    Danny Page, Australian basketball coach
  • 1987
    Nikki Gil, Filipina actress and host
  • 1988
    Jeremy Lin, American basketball player
  • 1989
    Heiko Schwarz, German footballer
  • 2001
    Zaijian Jaranilla, Filipino actor

Who Died On August 23?

  • 93
    Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman Governor of Britain (b. 40)
  • 406
    Radagaisus, Gothic king
  • 634
    Abu Bakr, Arabian caliph (b. 578)
  • 1106
    Magnus, Duke of Saxony (b. 1045)
  • 1176
    Emperor Rokujō of Japan (b. 1164)
  • 1305
    William Wallace, Scottish patriot (b. 1272)
  • 1387
    King Olav IV of Norway (b. 1370)
  • 1507
    Jean Molinet, French writer (b. 1435)
  • 1519
    Philibert Berthelier, Swiss patriot (b. 1465)
  • 1540
    Guillaume Budé, French scholar (b. 1467)
  • 1591
    Luis Ponce de León, Spanish poet and mystic (b. 1527)
  • 1618
    Gerbrand Adriaensz Bredero, Dutch writer (b. 1585)
  • 1628
    George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English statesman (b. 1592)
  • 1652
    John Byron, 1st Baron Byron, English royalist politician (b. 1600)
  • 1706
    Colonel Edward Nott, Esq., British Crown Governor of Virginia (b. 1654)
  • 1723
    Increase Mather, New England Puritan minister (b. 1639)
  • 1806
    Charles Augustin de Coulomb, French physicist (b. 1736)
  • 1813
    Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born ornithologist (b. 1766)
  • 1819
    Oliver Hazard Perry, American naval officer (b. 1785)
  • 1831
    Ferenc Kazinczy, Hungarian author (b. 1759)
  • 1838
    Ferenc Kölcsey, Hungarian poet and politician (b. 1790)
  • 1853
    Alexander Calder, first mayor of Beaumont, Texas (b. 1806)
  • 1858
    Antal Reguly, Hungarian linguist and ethnographer (b. 1819)
  • 1867
    Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy, French poet (b. 1796)
  • 1892
    Deodoro da Fonseca, 1st President of Brazil (b. 1827)
  • 1924
    Heinrich Berté, Austrian operetta composer (b. 1856)
  • 1926
    Rudolph Valentino, Italian actor (b. 1895)
  • 1927
    Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (b. 1888)
  • 1927
    Nicola Sacco, Italian anarchist (b. 1891)
  • 1937
    Albert Roussel, French composer (b. 1869)
  • 1955
    Reginald Tate, British actor (b. 1896)
  • 1960
    Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist (b. 1895)
  • 1962
    Hoot Gibson, American actor (b. 1892)
  • 1962
    Walter Anderson, German folklorist (b. 1885)
  • 1963
    Glen Gray, American jazz musician and leader of the Casa Loma Orchestra (b. 1900)
  • 1966
    Francis X. Bushman, American actor (b. 1883)
  • 1967
    Georges Berger, Belgian racing driver (b. 1918)
  • 1971
    The original Shamu, SeaWorld orca
  • 1974
    Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist (b. 1888)
  • 1977
    Naum Gabo, Russian artist (b. 1890)
  • 1982
    Stanford Moore, American biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)
  • 1987
    Didier Pironi, French racing car driver (b. 1952)
  • 1989
    Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (b. 1944)
  • 1989
    R. D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist (b. 1927)
  • 1990
    David Rose, American composer and orchestra leader (b. 1910)
  • 1994
    Zoltán Fábri, Hungarian film director and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 1995
    Dwayne Goettel, Canadian musician (Skinny Puppy)(b. 1964)
  • 1996
    Margaret Tucker Indigenous Australian activist and autobiographer (b. 1904)
  • 1997
    John Kendrew, British molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1917)
  • 1999
    James White, Northern Irish writer (b. 1928)
  • 1999
    Norman Wexler, American screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2000
    John Anthony Kaiser, Roman Catholic priest (b. 1932)
  • 2001
    Kathleen Freeman, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2001
    Peter Maas, American novelist (b. 1929)
  • 2002
    Hoyt Wilhelm, American baseball player (b. 1922)
  • 2003
    Bobby Bonds, American baseball player and manager (b. 1946)
  • 2003
    Jack Dyer, Australian rules footballer (b. 1913)
  • 2003
    John Geoghan, American Catholic priest (b. 1935)
  • 2005
    Brock Peters, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2005
    Ninjalicious, Canadian author and urban explorer (b. 1973)
  • 2006
    Maynard Ferguson, Canadian jazz trumpeter and bandleader (b. 1928)
  • 2007
    Robert Symonds, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 2008
    John Russell, British-born American art critic and author (b. 1919)

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