What happened on April 12? There are more than 276 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About April 12

April 12 In HistoryApril 12 is the 102nd day of the year 2021. There are 263 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Monday. This day falls under the 15th week of the year 2021.

On this day in Colorado Springs, Colorado 80921 sunrise occured at 06:25 AM and sunset occured at 07:34 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Aries. The modern birthstone for this month is Diamond while the mystical birthstone is Opal.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 295 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 1, 2022).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the April 15 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For April 12

  • 238
    Gordian II lost the Battle of Carthage against the Numidian forces loyal to Maximinus Thrax and is killed. Gordian I, his father, commits suicide.
  • 467
    Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 1204
    The Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade breach the walls of Constantinople and enter the city, which they completely occupy the following day.
  • 1557
    Cuenca is founded in Ecuador.
  • 1606
    The Union Flag is adopted as the flag of Great Britain.
  • 1633
    The formal inquest of Galileo Galilei by the Inquisition begins.
  • 1776
    American Revolution: With the Halifax Resolves, the North Carolina Provincial Congress authorizes its Congressional delegation to vote for independence from Britain.
  • 1820
    Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.
  • 1831
    Soldiers marching on the Broughton Suspension Bridge in Manchester, England cause it to collapse.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: The war begins with Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1862
    American Civil War: The Andrews Raid (the Great Locomotive Chase) occurred, starting from Big Shanty, Georgia (now Kennesaw).
  • 1864
    American Civil War: The Fort Pillow massacre: Confederate forces kill most of the African American soldiers that surrendered at Fort Pillow, Tennessee.
  • 1865
    American Civil War: Mobile, Alabama, falls to the Union Army.
  • 1877
    The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.
  • 1910
    The SMS Zrinyi, one of the last pre-dreadnoughts built by the Austro-Hungarian Navy, is launched.
  • 1917
    World War I: Canadian forces successfully complete the taking of Vimy Ridge from the Germans.
  • 1927
    April 12 Incident: Chiang Kai-shek orders the Communist Party of China members executed in Shanghai, ending the First United Front.
  • 1934
    The U.S. Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
  • 1934
    The strongest surface wind gust in the world at 231 mph, is measured on the summit of Mount Washington, New Hampshire.
  • 1935
    First flight of the Bristol Blenheim.
  • 1937
    Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft, at Rugby, England.
  • 1945
    U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies while in office; vice-president Harry Truman is sworn in as the 33rd President.
  • 1954
    Bill Haley & His Comets record “Rock Around the Clock” in New York City.
  • 1955
    The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.
  • 1961
    The Russian (Soviet) cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human to travel into outer space and perform the first manned orbital flight, in Vostok 3KA-2 (Vostok 1).
  • 1963
    The Soviet nuclear powered submarine K-33 collides with the Finnish merchant vessel M/S Finnclipper in the Danish straits.
  • 1968
    Nerve gas accident at Skull Valley, Utah.
  • 1970
    Soviet submarine K-8, carrying four nuclear torpedoes, sinks in the Bay of Biscay four days after a fire on board.
  • 1980
    Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d'état, ending over 130 years of minority Americo-Liberian rule over the country.
  • 1980
    Terry Fox begins his “Marathon of Hope” at St. John’s, Newfoundland.
  • 1981
    The first launch of a Space Shuttle (Columbia) launches on the STS-1 mission.
  • 1990
    Jim Gary’s “Twentieth Century Dinosaurs” exhibition opens at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C.
  • 1992
    The Euro Disney Resort officially opens with its theme park Euro Disneyland. The resort and its park’s name are subsequently changed to Disneyland Paris.
  • 1994
    Canter & Siegel post the first commercial mass Usenet spam.
  • 1998
    An earthquake in Slovenia, measuring 5.6 on the Richter scale occurs near the town of Bovec.
  • 1999
    US President Bill Clinton is cited for contempt of court for giving “intentionally false statements” in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit.
  • 2002
    A female suicide bomber detonated at the entrance to Jerusalem’s Mahane Yehuda open-air market, killing 7 and wounding 104.
  • 2007
    A suicide bomber penetrated the Green Zone and detonated in a cafeteria within a parliament building, killing Iraqi MP Mohammed Awad and wounding more than twenty other people.
  • 2009
    Zimbabwe officially abandons the Zimbabwe Dollar as their official currency.
  • 2010
    A train derails near Merano, Italy, after running into a landslide, causing nine deaths and injuring 28 people.

Who Were Born On April 12?

  • 599 BC
    Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism (d. 527 BC)
  • 812
    Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam (d. 835)
  • 1484
    Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect (d. 1546)
  • 1500
    Joachim Camerarius, German classical scholar (d. 1574)
  • 1526
    Muretus, French humanist (d. 1585)
  • 1550
    Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, English politician (d. 1604)
  • 1577
    King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway (d. 1648)
  • 1705
    William Cookworthy, English chemist (d. 1780)
  • 1713
    Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer (d. 1796)
  • 1722
    Pietro Nardini, Italian composer (d. 1793)
  • 1724
    Lyman Hall, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1790)
  • 1748
    Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (d. 1836)
  • 1777
    Henry Clay, American statesman (d. 1852)
  • 1792
    John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, Governor General of British North America (d. 1840)
  • 1794
    Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (d. 1847)
  • 1796
    George N. Briggs, 19th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1861)
  • 1799
    Henri Druey, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1855)
  • 1823
    Alexander Ostrovsky, Russian dramatist (d. 1886)
  • 1839
    Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (d. 1888)
  • 1848
    José Gautier Benítez, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1880)
  • 1851
    Edward Walter Maunder, English astronomer (d. 1928)
  • 1852
    Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (d. 1939)
  • 1856
    William Martin Conway, English art critic and mountaineer (d. 1937)
  • 1866
    Princess Viktoria of Prussia (d. 1929)
  • 1868
    Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese naval commander (d. 1918)
  • 1869
    Henri Désiré Landru, French serial killer (d. 1922)
  • 1871
    Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general and dictator (d. 1941)
  • 1874
    William B. Bankhead, American politician, Speaker of the House of Representatives (d. 1940)
  • 1883
    Dally Messenger, Australian rugby league footballer (d. 1959)
  • 1884
    Otto Meyerhof, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (d. 1951)
  • 1884
    Tenby Davies, Welsh runner (d. 1932)
  • 1887
    Harold Lockwood, American actor (d. 1918)
  • 1888
    Heinrich Neuhaus, Soviet musician (d. 1964)
  • 1892
    Johnny Dodds, American musician (d. 1940)
  • 1893
    Robert Harron, American actor (d. 1920)
  • 1894
    Francisco Craveiro Lopes, 13th President of Portugal (d. 1964)
  • 1898
    Lily Pons, American soprano (d. 1976)
  • 1901
    Lowell Stockman, American representative (d. 1962)
  • 1902
    Louis Beel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1903
    Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1907
    Felix de Weldon, Austrian-born sculptor (d. 2003)
  • 1907
    Hardie Gramatky, American author and animator (d. 1979)
  • 1908
    Ida Crowe Pollock, English writer
  • 1908
    Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1911
    Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal engineer (d. 1976)
  • 1912
    Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, Second Vice President of Indonesia (d. 1988)
  • 1912
    Walt Gorney, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1913
    Keiko Fukuda, Japanese-born American martial artist
  • 1914
    Armen Alchian, American economist
  • 1916
    Benjamin Libet, American scientist (d. 2007)
  • 1916
    Beverly Cleary, American writer
  • 1916
    Russell Garcia, American composer for screen, stage and broadcast (d. 2011)
  • 1917
    Helen Forrest, American singer (d. 1999)
  • 1919
    Billy Vaughn, American musician and bandleader (d. 1991)
  • 1921
    Robert Cliche, Quebec politician and magistrate (d. 1978)
  • 1923
    Ann Miller, American actor and dancer (d. 2004)
  • 1924
    Peter Safar, Austrian physician (d. 2003)
  • 1924
    Raymond Barre, French politician and Prime Minister (d. 2007)
  • 1925
    Joe Bowman, American sharpshooter, Hollywood consultant, bootmaker & master showman (d. 2009)
  • 1928
    Hardy Krüger, German actor
  • 1928
    Jean-François Paillard, French conductor
  • 1929
    Mukhran Machavariani, Georgian poet (d. 2010)
  • 1930
    Manuel Neri, American artist
  • 1930
    Michał Życzkowski, Polish technician (d. 2006)
  • 1931
    Leonid Derbenyov, Russian poet-songwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1932
    Dennis Banks, American Indian activist
  • 1932
    Lakshman Kadirgamar, Sri Lankan politician (d. 2005)
  • 1932
    Tiny Tim, American musician (d. 1996)
  • 1933
    Montserrat Caballé, Spanish soprano
  • 1934
    Heinz Schneiter, Swiss footballer
  • 1935
    Jimmy Makulis, Greek singer (d. 2007)
  • 1936
    Charles Napier, American actor (d. 2011)
  • 1937
    Igor Volk, Soviet astronaut
  • 1939
    Alan Ayckbourn, English writer
  • 1939
    Johnny Raper, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1940
    Herbie Hancock, American musician and composer
  • 1940
    John Hagee, American pastor and televangelist
  • 1941
    Bobby Moore, English footballer (d. 1993)
  • 1942
    Carlos Reutemann, Argentine racing driver and politician
  • 1942
    Jacob Zuma, President of South Africa
  • 1944
    Georgios Balanos, Greek translator, author and publisher
  • 1944
    John Kay, German-born musician
  • 1945
    Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the WHO (d. 2006)
  • 1946
    Ed O'Neill, American actor
  • 1947
    Antonin Kratochvil, Czech-born American photographer
  • 1947
    Dan Lauria, American actor
  • 1947
    David Letterman, American talk show host
  • 1947
    Tom Clancy, American author
  • 1947
    Wayne Northrop, American actor
  • 1947
    Woody Johnson, sports team owner
  • 1948
    Jeremy Beadle, English television presenter (d. 2008)
  • 1948
    Joschka Fischer, Foreign Minister of Germany 1998-2005
  • 1948
    Marcello Lippi, Italian football coach
  • 1948
    Sandra “Lois” Reeves, American singer
  • 1949
    Scott Turow, American writer
  • 1950
    David Cassidy, American singer and actor
  • 1950
    Flavio Briatore, Italian businessman and F1 team principal (Renault F1)
  • 1951
    Tom Noonan, American actor
  • 1952
    Ralph Wiley, American sports journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1952
    Reuben Gant, American professional football player
  • 1954
    Jon Krakauer, American author
  • 1954
    Pat Travers, Canadian musician
  • 1956
    Andy García, Cuban-born actor
  • 1956
    Herbert Grönemeyer, German singer
  • 1957
    Greg Child, Australian mountaineer
  • 1957
    Vince Gill, American musician
  • 1958
    Howard Stableford, English actor and host
  • 1958
    Will Sergeant, English musician
  • 1960
    Ron MacLean, Canadian sportscaster
  • 1961
    Charles Mann, American football player
  • 1961
    Lisa Gerrard, Australian musician
  • 1961
    Magda Szubanski, Australian actress
  • 1962
    Art Alexakis, American musician
  • 1962
    Takada Nobuhiko, Japanese wrestler
  • 1964
    Amy Ray, American musician
  • 1965
    Kim Bodnia, Danish actor
  • 1965
    Tom O'Brien, American actor-producer
  • 1967
    Mellow Man Ace, Afro-Cuban rapper
  • 1967
    Sarah Cracknell, English singer
  • 1968
    Adam Graves, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968
    Alicia Coppola, American actress
  • 1969
    Lucas Radebe, South African footballer
  • 1971
    Nicholas Brendon, American actor
  • 1971
    Nick Hexum, American musician
  • 1971
    Shannen Doherty, American actor
  • 1972
    Dimitrios Kokotis, Greek high jumper
  • 1972
    Paul Lo Duca, American baseball player
  • 1972
    Sebnem Ferah, Turkish singer
  • 1973
    Antonio Osuna, Mexican baseball player
  • 1973
    Claudia Jordan, American model
  • 1973
    J. Scott Campbell, American comic book artist
  • 1974
    Belinda Emmett, Australian actor (d. 2006)
  • 1974
    Marley Shelton, American actor
  • 1974
    Roman Hamrlík, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1974
    Sylvinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976
    Brad Miller, American basketball player
  • 1977
    Giovanny Espinoza, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1977
    Glenn Rogers, Scottish cricketer
  • 1977
    Jason Price, Welsh footballer
  • 1977
    Jordana Spiro, American actor
  • 1977
    Sarah Jane Morris, American actor
  • 1978
    Guy Berryman, Scottish musician (Coldplay)
  • 1978
    Riley Smith, American actor
  • 1979
    Claire Danes, American actress
  • 1979
    Cristian Ranalli, Italian footballer
  • 1979
    Elena Grosheva, Russian gymnast
  • 1979
    Jennifer Morrison, American actress and model
  • 1979
    Jordan De Jong, American baseball player
  • 1979
    Mateja Kežman, Serbian footballer
  • 1979
    Paul Nicholls, English actor
  • 1980
    Brian McFadden, Irish singer
  • 1980
    Erik Mongrain, Canadian musician
  • 1981
    Brian Vandborg, Danish cyclist
  • 1981
    Grant Holt, English footballer
  • 1981
    Nicolás Burdisso, Argentine footballer
  • 1982
    Deen, Bosnian singer
  • 1983
    Dwayne Smith, West Indian cricketer
  • 1983
    Jelena Dokić, Serbian/Australian tennis player
  • 1984
    brentalfloss, American YouTube celebrity
  • 1985
    Anna-Katharina Samsel, German actress
  • 1985
    Hitomi Yoshizawa, Japanese singer
  • 1985
    Jeísa Chiminazzo, Brazilian model
  • 1985
    Olga Seryabkina, Russian singer
  • 1985
    Ted Ginn, Jr., American football player
  • 1986
    Blerim Džemaili, Swiss footballer
  • 1986
    Marcel Granollers, Spanish tennis player
  • 1987
    Brendon Urie, American musician (Panic at the Disco)
  • 1987
    Brooklyn Decker, American model and actress
  • 1987
    Shawn Gore, Canadian football player
  • 1988
    Amedeo Calliari, Italian footballer
  • 1993
    Ryan Nugent-Hopkins, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1994
    Airi Suzuki, Japanese singer
  • 1994
    Saoirse Ronan, Irish actress
  • 2000
    Suzanna von Nathusius, Polish actress

Who Died On April 12?

  • 45 BC
    Gnaeus Pompeius, Roman general
  • 65
    Seneca the Younger, Roman philosopher, statesman, and dramatist
  • 238
    Gordian I, Roman Emperor
  • 238
    Gordian II, heir to the Roman Empire
  • 352
    St. Julius I, 35th Pope
  • 434
    Archbishop Maximianus of Constantinople
  • 1125
    Vladislaus I of Bohemia (b. 1065)
  • 1443
    Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1550
    Claude, Duke of Guise, French soldier (b. 1496)
  • 1555
    Joanna of Castile, wife of Philip I of Castile (b. 1479)
  • 1675
    Richard Bennett, British Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1609)
  • 1684
    Nicolò Amati, Italian luthier and member of the Amati family (b. 1596)
  • 1687
    Ambrose Dixon, British-born American settler (b. c. 1619)
  • 1704
    Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, French bishop and writer (b. 1627)
  • 1748
    William Kent, English architect (b. c. 1685)
  • 1782
    Metastasio, Italian poet and librettist (b. 1698)
  • 1788
    Carlo Antonio Campioni, French-born composer (b. 1719)
  • 1795
    Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (b. 1710)
  • 1814
    Charles Burney, English music historian (b. 1726)
  • 1817
    Charles Messier, French astronomer (b. 1730)
  • 1850
    Adoniram Judson, American missionary (b. 1788)
  • 1866
    Peter Hesketh-Fleetwood, English Member of Parliament and developer (b. 1801)
  • 1872
    Nikolaos Mantzaros, Greek composer (b. 1795)
  • 1878
    William Magear “Boss” Tweed, American politician (b. 1823)
  • 1898
    Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, Roman Catholic archbishop of Quebec (b. 1820)
  • 1902
    Marie Alfred Cornu, French physicist (b. 1842)
  • 1912
    Clara Barton, American nurse and Red Cross advocate (b. 1821)
  • 1933
    Adelbert Ames, American general and politician (b. 1835)
  • 1938
    Feodor Chaliapin, Russian bass (b. 1873)
  • 1945
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States (b. 1882)
  • 1953
    Lionel Logue, speech therapist who worked with King George VI of the United Kingdom (b. 1880)
  • 1962
    Ron Flockhart, Scottish racing driver (b. 1923)
  • 1962
    Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, Indian politician and engineer (b. 1861)
  • 1968
    Heinrich Nordhoff, German automobile engineer (b. 1899)
  • 1971
    Ed Lafitte, American baseball player (b. 1871)
  • 1971
    Wynton Kelly, American jazz pianist (b. 1931)
  • 1975
    Josephine Baker, American dancer (b. 1906)
  • 1977
    Phil Wrigley, American manufacturer and baseball executive (b. 1894)
  • 1980
    Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards and snooker player (b. 1895)
  • 1980
    William R. Tolbert, Jr., Liberian politician (b. 1913)
  • 1981
    Joe Louis, American boxer (b. 1914)
  • 1983
    Carl Morton, American baseball player (b. 1944)
  • 1984
    Edwin T. Layton, American naval officer (b. 1903)
  • 1986
    Valentin Kataev, Russian writer (b. 1897)
  • 1987
    Mike Von Erich, American wrestler (b. 1964)
  • 1988
    Alan Paton, South African writer (b. 1903)
  • 1989
    Abbie Hoffman, American political activist (b. 1936)
  • 1989
    Gerald Flood, British actor (b. 1927)
  • 1989
    Sugar Ray Robinson, American boxer (b. 1921)
  • 1999
    Boxcar Willie, American singer (b. 1931)
  • 1999
    Marion Pruett, American spree killer (b. 1949)
  • 2001
    Harvey Ball, American inventor (b. 1921)
  • 2002
    George Shevelov, Ukrainian-born American linguist and academic (b. 1908)
  • 2003
    Sydney Lassick, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 2005
    Ehud Manor, Israeli songwriter, translator, and radio and TV personality (b. 1941)
  • 2006
    Puggy Pearson, American poker player (b. 1929)
  • 2006
    Rajkumar, Indian film actor/singer (b. 1929)
  • 2006
    William Sloane Coffin, American clergyman (b. 1924)
  • 2007
    Kevin Crease, Australian TV anchor (b. 1936)
  • 2008
    Cecilia Colledge, British ice skater (b. 1920)
  • 2008
    Jerry Zucker, Israeli-born American businessman (b. 1949)
  • 2008
    Patrick Hillery, Irish politician (b. 1923)
  • 2009
    Marilyn Chambers, American pornographic actress (b. 1952)
  • 2010
    Palito, Filipino comedian (b. 1934)

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