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Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on October 19? There are more than 264 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About October 19

October 19 is the 292nd day of the year 2017. There are 73 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Thursday. This day falls under the 42nd week of the year 2017.

On this day in Lenorah, Texas 79749 sunrise will occur at 12:54 PM and sunset will occur at 12:09 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Libra. The modern birthstone for this month is Opal while the mystical birthstone is Jasper.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 123 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 19, 2018).

Birthday curiousity Is October 19 your birthday? Are you not curious to find some fun facts about your birthday? Find out ‘what my birthday mean’ and what was the number one song on my day of birth. Get a free ninja poster! (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For October 19

  • 202 BC
    Second Punic War: At the Battle of Zama, Roman legions under Scipio Africanus defeat Hannibal Barca, leader of the army defending Carthage.
  • 439
    The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
  • 1216
    King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
  • 1386
    The Universität Heidelberg held its first lecture, making it the oldest German university.
  • 1466
    The Thirteen Years War ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn.
  • 1469
    Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain.
  • 1512
    Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).
  • 1649
    New Ross town, Co. Wexford, Ireland, surrenders to Oliver Cromwell.
  • 1781
    At Yorktown, Virginia, representatives of British commander Lord Cornwallis handed over Cornwallis’ sword and formally surrendered to George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau.
  • 1789
    Chief Justice John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1805
    Napoleonic Wars: Austrian General Mack surrenders his army to the Grand Army of Napoleon at the Battle of Ulm. 30,000 prisoners are captured and 10,000 casualties inflicted on the losers.
  • 1812
    Napoleon I of France retreats from Moscow.
  • 1813
    The Battle of Leipzig concludes, giving Napoleon Bonaparte one of his worst defeats.
  • 1822
    In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.
  • 1864
    Battle of Cedar Creek – Union Army under Philip Sheridan destroys a Confederate Army under Jubal Early.
  • 1864
    St. Albans Raid – Confederate raiders launch an attack on Saint Albans, Vermont from Canada.
  • 1866
    Venice - Annexion of Veneto and Mantua to Italy - At Hotel Europa, Austria hands over Veneto to France, which hands it immediately over to Italy.
  • 1900
    Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black body emission (Planck’s law).
  • 1904
    Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
  • 1912
    Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1914
    The First Battle of Ypres begins.
  • 1917
    The Love Field in Dallas, Texas is opened.
  • 1921
    Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup.
  • 1933
    Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
  • 1935
    The League of Nations places economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
  • 1943
    Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
  • 1944
    United States forces land in the Philippines.
  • 1950
    The People’s Liberation Army takes control of the town of Qamdo; this is sometimes called the “Invasion of Tibet”.
  • 1950
    The People’s Republic of China joins the Korean War by sending thousands of troops across the Yalu river to fight United Nations forces.
  • 1954
    First ascent of Cho Oyu.
  • 1956
    The Soviet Union and Japan sign a Joint Declaration, officially ending the state of war between the two countries that had existed since August 1945.
  • 1959
    The first discothèque opens, the Scotch-Club in Aachen, Germany.
  • 1969
    The first Prime Minister of Tunisia in twelve years, Bahi Ladgham, is appointed by President Habib Bourguiba.
  • 1973
    President Richard Nixon rejects an Appeals Court decision that he turn over the Watergate tapes.
  • 1974
    Niue becomes a self-governing colony of New Zealand.
  • 1976
    Battle of Aishiya in Lebanon.
  • 1986
    Samora Machel, President of Mozambique and a prominent leader of FRELIMO, and 33 others die when their Tupolev 134 plane crashes into the Lebombo Mountains.
  • 1987
    Black Monday - the Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points.
  • 1987
    In retaliation for Iranian attacks on ships in the Persian Gulf, the U.S. Navy disables three of Iran’s offshore oil platforms.
  • 1989
    The convictions of the Guildford Four are quashed by the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, after they had spent 15 years in prison.
  • 2001
    SIEV-X, an Indonesian fishing boat en-route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sinks in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
  • 2003
    Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.
  • 2004
    Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan is kidnapped in Iraq.
  • 2004
    Myanmar prime minister Khin Nyunt is ousted and placed under house arrest by the State Peace and Development Council on charges of corruption.
  • 2005
    Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
  • 2005
    Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
  • 2007
    Philippines: A bomb explosion rocked Glorietta 2, a shopping mall in Makati. The blast killed 11 and injured more than 100 people.

Who Were Born On October 19?

  • 1276
    Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (d. 1328)
  • 1433
    Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (d. 1499)
  • 1562
    George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1633)
  • 1582
    Dmitry Ivanovich, Russian Tsarevich (d. 1591)
  • 1605
    Thomas Browne, English writer (d. 1682)
  • 1610
    James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English statesman and soldier (d. 1688)
  • 1658
    Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1704)
  • 1680
    John Abernethy, Irish Protestant minister (d. 1740)
  • 1688
    William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • 1718
    Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (d. 1804)
  • 1720
    John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (d. 1772)
  • 1721
    Joseph de Guignes, French orientalist (d. 1800)
  • 1784
    James Henry Leigh Hunt, English Romantic critic, essayist, and poet (d. 1859)
  • 1784
    John McLoughlin, Canadian fur trader (d. 1857)
  • 1789
    Theophilos Kairis, Greek priest and revolutionary (d. 1853)
  • 1810
    Cassius Clay, American abolitionist (d. 1903)
  • 1814
    Theodoros Vryzakis, Greek painter (d. 1878)
  • 1826
    Ralph Tollemache, British clergyman (d. 1895)
  • 1850
    Annie Smith Peck, American mountaineer (d. 1935)
  • 1851
    Empress Myeongseong, Empress of Korea (d. 1895)
  • 1858
    George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (d. 1937)
  • 1862
    Auguste Lumière, French inventor (d. 1954)
  • 1868
    Bertha Landes, American politician (d. 1943)
  • 1873
    Jaap Eden, Dutch skater and cyclist (d. 1925)
  • 1873
    John Barton King, American cricketer (d. 1965)
  • 1876
    Mordecai Brown, American baseball player (d. 1945)
  • 1882
    Umberto Boccioni, Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1916)
  • 1885
    Charles Merrill, American investment banker (d. 1956)
  • 1895
    Frank Durbin, last American veteran of the Battle of Verdun (d. 1999)
  • 1895
    Lewis Mumford, American historian (d. 1990)
  • 1896
    Bob O'Farrell, American baseball player (d. 1988)
  • 1897
    Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (d. 1994)
  • 1899
    Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1900
    Bill Ponsford, Australian cricketer (d. 1991)
  • 1900
    Erna Berger, German soprano (d. 1990)
  • 1900
    Roy Worters, Canadian ice hockey goaltender (d. 1957)
  • 1901
    Arleigh Burke, American admiral (d. 1996)
  • 1903
    Tor Johnson, Swedish wrestler and actor (d. 1971)
  • 1907
    Roger Wolfe Kahn, American bandleader (d. 1962)
  • 1908
    Geirr Tveitt, Norwegian composer (d. 1981)
  • 1909
    Marguerite Perey, French physicist (d. 1975)
  • 1910
    Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (d. 1980)
  • 1910
    Shunkichi Hamada, Japanese field hockey player (d. 2009)
  • 1910
    Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1913
    Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet and songwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1915
    Farid al-Atrash, Syrian composer, musician, and actor (d. 1974)
  • 1916
    Emil Gilels, Ukrainian pianist (d. 1985)
  • 1916
    Jean Dausset, French immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2009)
  • 1917
    Walter Munk, Austrian-born American oceanographer
  • 1918
    Charles Evans, British mountaineer (d. 1995)
  • 1918
    Russel Kirk, American author and political theorist (d. 1994)
  • 1920
    Harry Alan Towers, English film producer and screenwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1920
    Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1922
    Jack Anderson, American journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1925
    Emilio Eduardo Massera, Argentine naval officer and National Reorganization Process figure (d. 2010)
  • 1926
    Arne Bendiksen, Norwegian singer and songwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1926
    Joel Feinberg, American philosopher (d. 2004)
  • 1927
    Pierre Alechinsky, Belgian painter
  • 1928
    Lou Scheimer, American animation producer
  • 1931
    John le Carré, English novelist
  • 1932
    Robert Reed, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1936
    James Bevel, American activist (d. 2008)
  • 1936
    Tony Lo Bianco, American actor
  • 1937
    Marilyn Bell, Canadian swimmer
  • 1937
    Peter Max, American artist
  • 1940
    Michael Gambon, Irish-born British actor
  • 1941
    Simon Ward, British actor
  • 1942
    Andrew Vachss, American author and attorney
  • 1943
    Robin Holloway, British composer
  • 1943
    Takis Ikonomopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1944
    George McCrae, American soul singer
  • 1944
    Peter Tosh, Jamaican reggae singer (The Wailers) (d. 1987)
  • 1945
    Divine, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1945
    Gloria Jones, American Soul singer
  • 1945
    Jeannie C. Riley American country and gospel singer
  • 1945
    John Lithgow, American actor
  • 1945
    Martin Welz, South African journalist and editor
  • 1945
    Patricia Ireland, American attorney and feminist
  • 1946
    Philip Pullman, English writer
  • 1947
    Giorgio Cavazzano, Italian comic strip artist
  • 1948
    Dave Mallow, American voice actor
  • 1948
    Patrick Simmons, American musician
  • 1949
    Jamie McGrigor, British politician
  • 1949
    Lynn Dickey, American football player
  • 1951
    Demetrios Christodoulou, Greek physicist, recipient of the Bôcher Memorial Prize
  • 1952
    Verónica Castro, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1953
    Lionel Hollins, American basketball player and coach
  • 1954
    Deborah Blum, American writer
  • 1954
    Joe Bryant, American basketball player
  • 1954
    Sam Allardyce, English football manager
  • 1955
    Melpo Kosti, Greek actress
  • 1956
    Bruce Weber, American basketball coach
  • 1956
    Carlo Urbani, Italian physician (d. 1993)
  • 1956
    Didier Theys, Belgian racing driver
  • 1956
    Grover Norquist, American political figure
  • 1957
    Dorinda Clark-Cole, American gospel singer
  • 1957
    Doug Kirby, American author and travel guide
  • 1957
    Karl Wallinger, Welsh musician
  • 1957
    Ray Richmond, American columnist and critic
  • 1958
    Lou Briel, Puerto Rican singer and actor
  • 1958
    Michael Steele, American political figure
  • 1958
    Tiriel Mora, Australian actor
  • 1959
    Nir Barkat, Israeli politician
  • 1960
    Jennifer Holliday, American singer and actress
  • 1961
    Sunny Deol, Indian actor
  • 1962
    Evander Holyfield, American boxer
  • 1962
    Tracy Chevalier, American author
  • 1963
    Prince Laurent of Belgium
  • 1964
    Jorge Luis Gonzales, Cuban-born American boxer
  • 1965
    Brad Daugherty, American basketball player
  • 1965
    Ty Pennington, American television personality
  • 1966
    Dimitris Lyacos, Greek poet and playwright
  • 1966
    Jon Favreau, American actor, writer and director
  • 1966
    Roger R. Cross, Jamaican-born actor
  • 1966
    Sinitta, American singer
  • 1967
    Amy Carter, daughter of US President Jimmy Carter
  • 1967
    Davina McCall, English television presenter
  • 1967
    Yoko Shimomura, Japanese composer
  • 1968
    Rodney Carrington, American actor and comedian
  • 1969
    DJ Sammy, Spanish DJ
  • 1969
    Erwin Sánchez, Bolivian footballer
  • 1969
    John Edward, American TV Psychic
  • 1969
    Trey Parker, American cartoonist and actor
  • 1970
    Chris Kattan, American comedian and actor
  • 1972
    Keith Foulke, American baseball pitcher
  • 1972
    Pras, American musician
  • 1973
    Hicham Arazi, Moroccan tennis player
  • 1973
    Joaquin Gage, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976
    Dan Smith, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976
    Desmond Harrington, American actor
  • 1976
    Joy Bryant, American actress
  • 1976
    Michael Young, baseball player
  • 1976
    Omar Gooding, American actor
  • 1977
    Habib Beye, Senegalese footballer
  • 1977
    Jason Reitman, Canadian filmmaker
  • 1977
    Louis-José Houde, Canadian stand-up comic
  • 1977
    Raúl Tamudo, Spanish footballer
  • 1978
    Enrique Bernoldi, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1978
    Henri Sorvali, Finnish musician
  • 1978
    James Roberts, British Ice Hockey Player
  • 1978
    Zakhar Dubenskiy, Russian footballer
  • 1979
    Brian Robertson, American trombonist (Suburban Legends)
  • 1979
    José Luis López, Mexican footballer
  • 1979
    Marc Elliott, British actor
  • 1980
    Benjamin Salisbury, American actor
  • 1980
    José Bautista, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980
    Rajai Davis, American baseball player
  • 1981
    Christian Bautista, Philippine singer
  • 1981
    Heikki Kovalainen, Finnish race car driver
  • 1982
    Daan van Bunge, Dutch cricketer
  • 1982
    Gonzalo Pineda, Mexican footballer
  • 1982
    Louis Oosthuizen, South African golfer
  • 1984
    Kaio de Almeida, Brazilian swimmer
  • 1985
    Terry Etim, English mixed martial artist
  • 1989
    Miroslav Stoch, Slovakian footballer
  • 1990
    Janet Leon, Swedish singer and dancer (Play)
  • 1993
    Abby Sunderland, American sailor

Who Died On October 19?

  • 727
    Saint Frideswide
  • 1187
    Pope Urban III
  • 1216
    King John of England (b. 1167)
  • 1432
    John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1392)
  • 1587
    Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1541)
  • 1608
    Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and occultist (b. 1551)
  • 1636
    Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician
  • 1682
    Thomas Browne, English writer (b. 1605)
  • 1723
    Godfrey Kneller, German-born painter (b. 1646)
  • 1745
    Jonathan Swift, Irish author (b. 1667)
  • 1790
    Lyman Hall, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1724)
  • 1796
    Michel de Beaupuy, French general of the Revolution (b. 1755)
  • 1813
    Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish prince and Marshal of France (friendly fire) (b. 1763)
  • 1815
    Paolo Mascagni, Anatomist (b. 1755)
  • 1842
    Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet (b. 1808)
  • 1851
    Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte (b. 1778)
  • 1856
    William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (b. 1799)
  • 1889
    King Louis of Portugal (b. 1838)
  • 1893
    Lucy Stone, American suffragist and women’s rights activist (b. 1818)
  • 1897
    George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (b. 1831)
  • 1901
    Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (b. 1829)
  • 1916
    Ioannis Frangoudis, Greek Army officer and Olympic medalist (b. 1863)
  • 1918
    Harold Lockwood, American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1936
    Lu Xun, Chinese writer (b. 1881)
  • 1937
    Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, New Zealand physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1943
    Camille Claudel, French sculptor (b. 1864)
  • 1945
    Plutarco Elías Calles, President of Mexico (b. 1877)
  • 1950
    Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet (b. 1892)
  • 1956
    Isham Jones, American musician (b. 1894)
  • 1960
    George Wallace, Australian vaudevillian and film comedian (b. 1895)
  • 1964
    Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and essayist (b. 1885)
  • 1970
    Lázaro Cárdenas, President of Mexico (b. 1895)
  • 1978
    Gig Young, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1983
    Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1944)
  • 1984
    Jerzy Popiełuszko, Polish priest, associated with the Solidarity union, murdered by the agents of internal intelligence agency (b. 1947)
  • 1985
    Alfred Rouleau, French Canadian businessman (b. 1915)
  • 1986
    Dele Giwa, Nigerian journalist
  • 1986
    Samora Machel, President of Mozambique (b. 1933)
  • 1987
    Hermann Lang, German race car driver (b. 1909)
  • 1987
    Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist (b. 1945)
  • 1988
    Son House, American musician (b. 1902)
  • 1994
    Martha Raye, American comedian and actress (b. 1916)
  • 1995
    Don Cherry, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1936)
  • 1997
    Glen Buxton, American guitarist (b. 1947)
  • 1999
    James C. Murray, American politician (b. 1917)
  • 1999
    Nathalie Sarraute, Russian-born French writer (b. 1900)
  • 2000
    Hortense Ellis, Jamaican reggae singer (b. 1941)
  • 2003
    Alija Izetbegović, President of Bosnia-Herzegovina (b. 1925)
  • 2003
    Margaret Murie, American conservationist (b. 1902)
  • 2003
    Road Warrior Hawk, American professional wrestler (b. 1960)
  • 2005
    Corinne Lévesque, wife of Quebec premier René Lévesque (b. 1943)
  • 2005
    Dallas Cook, American musician (Suburban Legends) (b. 1982)
  • 2006
    James Glennon, American cinematographer (b. 1942)
  • 2007
    Jan Wolkers, Dutch writer (b. 1925)
  • 2007
    Michael Maidens, English footballer with Hartlepool United (b. 1987)
  • 2007
    Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate (b. 1943)
  • 2008
    Mr. Blackwell, American fashion critic (b. 1922)
  • 2008
    Rudy Ray Moore, American comedian and actor (Dolemite) (b. 1937)
  • 2009
    Howard Unruh, American spree killer (b. 1921)
  • 2009
    Joseph Wiseman, Canadian actor (b. 1918)
  • 2010
    Tom Bosley, American actor (b. 1927)


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