Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on October 23? There are more than 257 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About October 23

October 23 is the 296th day of the year 2014. There are 69 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Thursday. This day falls under the 43rd week of the year 2014.

On this day in Miracle, Kentucky 40856 sunrise will occur at 12:49 PM and sunset will occur at 11:47 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Libra. The modern birthstone for this month is Opal while the mystical birthstone is Jasper.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 119 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 19, 2015).

Buy a gift icon Out of the blue, there is someone out there thinking of you today. If that special someone wants to buy a gift for you, which one will you choose: boxes of chocolate, bath toys or training shoes?

Historical Events For October 23

  • 42 BC
    Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi – Mark Antony and Octavian decisively defeat Brutus’s army. Brutus commits suicide.
  • 425
    Valentinian III is elevated as Roman Emperor, at the age of 6.
  • 502
    The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theodoric the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.
  • 1086
    At the Battle of az-Zallaqah, the army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI.
  • 1157
    The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.
  • 1295
    The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris.
  • 1641
    Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641.
  • 1642
    Battle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War.
  • 1694
    British/American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phipps, fail to seize Quebec from the French.
  • 1707
    The first Parliament of Great Britain meets.
  • 1739
    War of Jenkins’ Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain.
  • 1812
    Claude François de Malet, a French general, begins a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon Bonaparte, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that he is now the commandant of Paris.
  • 1850
    The first National Women’s Rights Convention begins in Worcester, Massachusetts, United States.
  • 1861
    U.S. President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C., for all military-related cases.
  • 1864
    American Civil War: Battle of Westport – Union forces under General Samuel R. Curtis defeat Confederate troops led by General Sterling Price at Westport, near Kansas City.
  • 1867
    72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.
  • 1870
    Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Metz concludes with a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1906
    Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe at Champs de Bagatelle, Paris, France.
  • 1911
    First use of aircraft in war: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines during the Turco-Italian War.
  • 1912
    First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo between the Serbian and Ottoman armies begins.
  • 1915
    Woman’s suffrage: In New York City, 25,000-33,000 women march on Fifth Avenue to advocate their right to vote.
  • 1917
    Lenin calls for the October Revolution.
  • 1929
    Great Depression: After a steady decline in stock market prices since a peak in September, the New York Stock Exchange begins to show signs of panic.
  • 1929
    The first North American transcontinental air service begins between New York City and Los Angeles, California.
  • 1935
    Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard “Lulu” Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre.
  • 1941
    Walt Disney’s animated film Dumbo is released.
  • 1941
    World War II: Field Marshal Georgy Zhukov takes command of Red Army operations to prevent the further advance into Russia of German forces and to prevent the Wehrmacht from capturing Moscow.
  • 1942
    All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger (“Thanks for the Memory”, “Love in Bloom”, “Blue Hawaii”).
  • 1942
    World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein: – At El Alamein in northern Egypt, the British Eighth Army under Field Marshal Montgomery begins a critical offensive to expel the Axis armies from Egypt.
  • 1942
    World War II: The Battle for Henderson Field begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends on October 26.
  • 1944
    World War II: Battle of Leyte Gulf – The largest naval battle in history begins in the Philippines.
  • 1944
    World War II: The Soviet Red Army enters Hungary.
  • 1946
    The United Nations General Assembly convenes for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, New York City.
  • 1956
    Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
  • 1958
    The Smurfs, a fictional race of blue dwarves, later popularized in a Hanna-Barbera animated cartoon series, appear for the first time in the story La flute à six schtroumpfs, a Johan and Peewit adventure by Peyo which is serialized in the weekly comics magazine Spirou.
  • 1958
    The Springhill Mine Bump – An underground earthquake traps 174 miners in the No. 2 colliery at Springhill, Nova Scotia, the deepest coal mine in North America at the time. By November 1, rescuers from around the world had dug out 100 of the victims, marking the death toll at 74.
  • 1965
    Vietnam War: The 1st Cavalry Division (United States) (Airmobile), in conjunction with South Vietnamese forces, launches a new operation seeking to destroy North Vietnamese forces in Pleiku in the II Corps Tactical Zone (the Central Highlands).
  • 1970
    Gary Gabelich sets a land speed record in a rocket-powered automobile called the Blue Flame, fueled with natural gas.
  • 1972
    Operation Linebacker, a US bombing campaign against North Vietnam in response to its Easter Offensive, ends after five months.
  • 1973
    A United Nations sanctioned cease-fire officially ends the Yom Kippur War between Israel and Syria.
  • 1973
    The Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon agrees to turn over subpoenaed audio tapes of his Oval Office conversations.
  • 1983
    Lebanon Civil War: The U.S. Marines barracks in Beirut is hit by a truck bomb, killing 241 U.S. military personnel. A French army barracks in Lebanon is also hit that same morning, killing 58 troops.
  • 1989
    Phillips Disaster in Pasadena, Texas kills 23 and injures 314.
  • 1989
    The Hungarian Republic is officially declared by president Mátyás Szűrös, replacing the communist Hungarian People’s Republic.
  • 1992
    Emperor Akihito becomes the first Emperor of Japan to stand on Chinese soil.
  • 1993
    Shankill Road bombing: A Provisional IRA bomb prematurely detonates in the Shankill area of Belfast, killing the bomber and nine civilians.
  • 1998
    Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a “land for peace” agreement.
  • 2001
    Apple announces the iPod.
  • 2002
    Moscow Theatre Siege begins: Chechen terrorists seize the House of Culture theater in Moscow and take approximately 700 theater-goers hostage.
  • 2004
    A powerful earthquake and its aftershocks hit Niigata prefecture, northern Japan, killing 35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated.
  • 2007
    A powerful cold front in the Bay of Campeche causes the Usumacinta Jackup rig to collide with Kab 101, leading to the death and drowning of 22 people during rescue operations after evacuation of the rig.
  • 2011
    A powerful 7.2 magnitude earthquake strikes Van Province, Turkey, killing 582 people and injuring thousands.

Who Were Born On October 23?

  • 1503
    Isabella of Portugal, queen of Spain and empress of Germany (d. 1539)
  • 1516
    Charlotte de Valois, princess of France (d. 1524)
  • 1634
    Hedvig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden (d. 1715)
  • 1698
    Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect (d. 1782)
  • 1705
    Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal (d. 1757)
  • 1715
    Tsar Peter II of Russia (d. 1730)
  • 1762
    Samuel Morey, American inventor (d. 1843)
  • 1766
    Emmanuel, Marquis de Grouchy, French marshal (d. 1847)
  • 1771
    Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (d. 1813)
  • 1790
    Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman (d. 1860)
  • 1796
    Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1857)
  • 1801
    Albert Lortzing, German composer (d. 1851)
  • 1805
    John Russell Bartlett, American linguist (d. 1886)
  • 1813
    Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer (d. 1848)
  • 1815
    João Maurício Wanderley, Brazilian magistrate and politician (d. 1889)
  • 1817
    Pierre Athanase Larousse, French lexicographer (d. 1875)
  • 1835
    Adlai Stevenson I, American politician, and 23rd Vice President of the United States (d. 1914)
  • 1844
    Robert Bridges, English poet (d. 1930)
  • 1865
    Neltje Blanchan, American writer (d. 1918)
  • 1869
    John Heisman, American football player and coach (d. 1936)
  • 1870
    Francis Kelley, Catholic Bishop of Oklahoma (d. 1948)
  • 1873
    William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (d. 1975)
  • 1875
    Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (d. 1946)
  • 1876
    Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • 1880
    Una O'Connor, Irish actress (d. 1959)
  • 1885
    Lawren Harris, Canadian painter (d. 1970)
  • 1888
    Onésime Gagnon, Canadian politician (d. 1961)
  • 1893
    Gummo Marx, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1894
    Rube Bressler, baseball player (d. 1966)
  • 1896
    André Lévêque, French engineer (d. 1930)
  • 1900
    Douglas Jardine, English cricketer (d. 1958)
  • 1904
    Harvey Penick, American golfer (d. 1995)
  • 1905
    Felix Bloch, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1983)
  • 1905
    Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (d. 2003)
  • 1908
    Ilya Frank, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)
  • 1909
    Zellig Harris, American linguist (d. 1992)
  • 1910
    Hayden Rorke, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1910
    Richard Mortensen, Danish painter (d. 1993)
  • 1918
    James Daly, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1918
    Peggy Moran, American actress d. 2002
  • 1919
    Manolis Andronikos, Greek archaeologist, professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (d. 1992)
  • 1920
    Ted Fujita, Japanese meteorologist (d. 1998)
  • 1922
    Coleen Gray, American actress
  • 1923
    Aslam Farrukhi, Pakistani scholar and poet
  • 1923
    Frank Sutton, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1923
    Harold P. Warren, American movie director (d. 1985)
  • 1923
    Ned Rorem, American composer
  • 1925
    Fred Shero, Canadian hockey player and coach (d. 1990)
  • 1925
    Johnny Carson, American television host (d. 2005)
  • 1925
    Manos Hadjidakis, Greek composer (d. 1994)
  • 1927
    Leszek Kołakowski, Polish philosopher (d. 2009)
  • 1927
    Sonny Criss, American alto saxophonist (d. 1977)
  • 1928
    Bella Darvi, Polish-born French actress (d. 1971)
  • 1929
    Shamsur Rahman, Bangladeshi poet, columnist and journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1931
    Diana Dors, British actress (d. 1984)
  • 1931
    Jim Bunning, American baseball player and politician
  • 1931
    William P. Clark, American jurist, and 44th United States Secretary of the Interior
  • 1935
    Juan “Chi-Chi” Rodríguez, Puerto Rican golfer
  • 1936
    Philip Kaufman, American film director
  • 1937
    Carlos Lamarca, Brazilian military turned guerrilla leader (d. 1971)
  • 1939
    Stanley Anderson, American actor
  • 1940
    Baby Jane Holzer, American art collector, film producer and Andy Warhol “superstar”
  • 1940
    Ellie Greenwich, American singer (d. 2009)
  • 1940
    Pelé, Brazilian footballer
  • 1941
    Igor Smirnov, Moldovan politician
  • 1941
    Mel Winkler, American actor
  • 1942
    Anita Roddick, founder of The Body Shop (d. 2007)
  • 1942
    Bernd Erdmann, German football player and manager
  • 1942
    Michael Crichton, American writer (d. 2008)
  • 1944
    Mike Harding, English singer and comedian
  • 1945
    Kim Larsen, Danish singer
  • 1945
    Maggi Hambling, English sculptor and painter
  • 1946
    Mel Martinez, American politician
  • 1948
    Brian Ross, American journalist
  • 1948
    Hermann Hauser, Austrian-born entrepreneur
  • 1949
    Michael ‘Wurzel’Burston, British musician (Motörhead)
  • 1949
    Nick Tosches, American writer
  • 1951
    Charly García, Argentine singer
  • 1951
    Fatmir Sejdiu, former (2nd) President of Kosovo
  • 1952
    Pierre Moerlen, French drummer and percussionist (d. 2005)
  • 1954
    Ang Lee, Taiwanese-born director
  • 1956
    Dianne Reeves, American jazz singer
  • 1956
    Dwight Yoakam, American singer
  • 1957
    Martin Luther King III, American human rights advocate
  • 1958
    Michael Eric Dyson, American activist, professor, author
  • 1958
    Rose Nabinger, German singer
  • 1959
    “Weird Al” Yankovic, American musical parodist
  • 1959
    Nancy Grace, American former prosecutor
  • 1959
    Sam Raimi, American film director
  • 1960
    Randy Pausch, American computer science professor, author (d. 2008)
  • 1960
    Wayne Rainey, American motorcyclist
  • 1961
    Andoni Zubizarreta, Spanish footballer
  • 1961
    Laurie Halse Anderson, American writer
  • 1962
    Doug Flutie, American football player
  • 1963
    Gordon Korman, Canadian-American Author
  • 1964
    Robert Trujillo, American bassist (Metallica)
  • 1965
    Al Leiter, American baseball player
  • 1965
    Augusten Burroughs, American writer
  • 1966
    Alex Zanardi, Italian race car driver
  • 1967
    Dale Crover, American musician (Melvins, The Men of Porn, Altamont)
  • 1969
    Brooke Theiss, American actress
  • 1969
    Trudi Canavan, Australian writer
  • 1970
    Grant Imahara, American TV Mythbuster
  • 1970
    Zoe Wiseman, American Model and Photographer
  • 1971
    Carlo Forlivesi, Italian composer
  • 1971
    Christopher Horner, American cyclist
  • 1972
    Bryan Pratt, Missouri Politician
  • 1972
    Jasmin St. Claire, Former pornographic actress
  • 1973
    Christian Dailly, Scottish footballer
  • 1974
    Sander Westerveld, Dutch footballer
  • 1975
    Jessicka, American artist
  • 1975
    Keith Van Horn, American basketball player
  • 1975
    Michelle Beadle, American television personality
  • 1975
    Odalys García, Cuban actress
  • 1976
    Cat Deeley, English model and television personality
  • 1976
    Ryan Reynolds, Canadian actor
  • 1977
    Brad Haddin, Australian cricket player
  • 1978
    Archie Thompson, Australian footballer
  • 1978
    Jimmy Bullard, English footballer
  • 1978
    Steve Harmison, English cricketer
  • 1978
    Wang Nan, Chinese table tennis player
  • 1979
    Jorge Solís, Mexican professional boxer
  • 1979
    Ramón Castro, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1979
    Simon Davies, Welsh footballer
  • 1980
    Mate Bilić, Croatian footballer
  • 1980
    Pedro Liriano, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981
    Ben Francisco, American baseball player
  • 1981
    Jeroen Bleekemolen, Dutch racing driver
  • 1981
    Shoo, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1982
    Aleksandar Luković, Serbian footballer
  • 1982
    Valentin Badea, Romanian footballer
  • 1983
    Filippos Darlas, Greek footballer
  • 1983
    Josh Strickland, American entertainer
  • 1984
    Izabel Goulart, Brazilian model
  • 1984
    Meghan McCain, American author and daughter of John McCain
  • 1984
    Simone Masini, Italian footballer
  • 1985
    Luca Spinetti, Italian footballer
  • 1985
    Masiela Lusha, Albanian-American writer and actress
  • 1986
    Briana Evigan, American actress
  • 1986
    Jake Robinson, English footballer
  • 1986
    Jessica Stroup, American actress
  • 1987
    Faye Hamlin, Swedish singer (Play)
  • 1990
    Axel Ehnström, Finnish singer (Better known by stage name Paradise Oskar)
  • 1990
    Stan Walker, Australian/New Zealand recording artist and actor.
  • 1990
    Stevie Brock, American singer
  • 1991
    Princess Mako of Akishino of Japan
  • 1993
    Taylor Spreitler, American actress

Who Died On October 23?

  • 42 BC
    Marcus Junius Brutus, Roman senator (b. 85 BC)
  • 877
    Ignatius, Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 797)
  • 930
    Daigo, Emperor of Japan (b. 885)
  • 1456
    Giovanni da Capistrano, Italian saint (b. 1386)
  • 1550
    Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (b. 1480)
  • 1581
    Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1529)
  • 1616
    Leonhard Hutter, German theologian (b. 1563)
  • 1688
    Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, French philologist (b. 1610)
  • 1730
    Anne Oldfield, English actress (b. 1683)
  • 1764
    Emmanuel-Auguste de Cahideuc, Comte Dubois de la Motte, French naval officer (b. 1683)
  • 1774
    Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1867
    Franz Bopp, German linguist (b. 1791)
  • 1869
    Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1799)
  • 1872
    Théophile Gautier, French writer (b. 1811)
  • 1885
    Charles S. West, Texas jurist and politician (b. 1829)
  • 1893
    Alexander Battenberg, prince of Bulgaria (b. 1857)
  • 1910
    Chulalongkorn, King of Thailand (b. 1853)
  • 1915
    W. G. Grace, English cricketer (b. 1848)
  • 1921
    John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish inventor (b. 1840)
  • 1939
    Zane Grey, American author (b. 1872)
  • 1942
    Ralph Rainger, American composer (b. 1901)
  • 1943
    Wakashima Gonshirō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 21st Yokozuna (b. 1876)
  • 1944
    Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1944
    Hana Brady, Holocaust victim (b. 1931)
  • 1950
    Al Jolson, American singer and actor (b. 1886)
  • 1953
    Adrien-Maurice-Victurnien-Mathieu, 8th duc de Noailles (b. 1869)
  • 1957
    Christian Dior, French fashion designer (b. 1905)
  • 1959
    George Bouzianis, Greek painter (b. 1885)
  • 1959
    Gerda Lundequist, Swedish actress (b. 1871)
  • 1978
    Maybelle Carter, American guitarist and musical innovator (b. 1909)
  • 1983
    Jessica Savitch, American journalist (b. 1947)
  • 1984
    James Petrillo, leader of the U.S. musicians union (b. 1892)
  • 1984
    Oskar Werner, Austrian actor (b. 1922)
  • 1986
    Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1893)
  • 1988
    Asashio Tarō III, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 46th Yokozuna (b. 1929)
  • 1989
    Armida, Mexican actress (b. 1911)
  • 1990
    Louis Althusser, French philosopher (b. 1918)
  • 1994
    Robert Lansing, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1996
    Bob Grim, American baseball player (b. 1930)
  • 1997
    Bert Haanstra, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1916)
  • 1998
    Barnett Slepian, American physician (b. 1946)
  • 2000
    Rodney Anoa'i aka Yokozuna, Samoan-American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 2001
    Daniel Wildenstein, French art dealer and racehorse owner (b. 1917)
  • 2001
    Ronald William “Josh” Kirby, British artist (b. 1928)
  • 2002
    Adolph Green, American lyricist and playwright (b. 1915)
  • 2003
    Soong May-ling, wife of Chiang Kai-shek (b. 1897)
  • 2003
    Tony Capstick, English actor, comedian, and musician (b. 1944)
  • 2004
    Bill Nicholson, English Footballer (b.1919)
  • 2004
    Robert Merrill, American baritone (b. 1919)
  • 2005
    John Muth, American economist (b. 1930)
  • 2005
    Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian first lady (b. 1945)
  • 2005
    William Hootkins, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 2006
    Lebo Mathosa, South African entertainer (b. 1977)
  • 2007
    John Ilhan, Australian entrepreneur (b. 1965)
  • 2007
    Lim Goh Tong, Malaysian-born Chinese businessman (b. 1918)
  • 2008
    Kevin Finnegan, British boxer (b. 1948)
  • 2010
    Francis Crippen, American long-distance swimmer (b. 1984)
  • 2010
    Leo Cullum, American cartoonist (b. 1942)
  • 2011
    John McCarthy, American computer scientist and pioneer in the field of Artificial Intelligence, inventor of the Lisp programming language.(b. 1927)
  • 2011
    Marco Simoncelli, Italian motorcycle racer (b. 1987)

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