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Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on July 23? There are more than 295 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 23

July 23 is the 204th day of the year 2017. There are 161 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Sunday. This day falls under the 29th week of the year 2017.

On this day in Staten Island, New York 10301 sunrise will occur at 10:45 AM and sunset will occur at 01:19 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Leo. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 211 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 19, 2018).

Birthday curiousity Is July 23 your birthday? Are you not curious to find some fun facts about your birthday? Find out ‘what my birthday mean’ and what was the number one song on my day of birth. Get a free ninja poster! (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For July 23

  • 1632
    Three hundred colonists bound for New France depart from Dieppe, France.
  • 1677
    Scanian War: Denmark–Norway captures the harbor town of Marstrand from Sweden.
  • 1793
    Prussia re-conquers Mainz from France.
  • 1821
    While Mora Rebellion continuing, Greeks captured Monemvasia Castle and massacred nearly 3000 Turkish inhabitants.
  • 1829
    In the United States, William Austin Burt patents the typographer, a precursor to the typewriter.
  • 1833
    Cornerstones are laid for the construction of the Kirtland Temple in Kirtland, Ohio.
  • 1840
    The Province of Canada is created by the Act of Union.
  • 1862
    American Civil War: Henry W. Halleck takes command of the Union Army.
  • 1874
    Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa.
  • 1881
    The Boundary treaty of 1881 between Chile and Argentina is signed in Buenos Aires.
  • 1903
    The Ford Motor Company sells its first car.
  • 1908
    The Second Constitution accepted by the Ottomans.
  • 1914
    Austria-Hungary issues an ultimatum to Serbia demanding Serbia to allow the Austrians to determine who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Serbia will reject those demands and Austria will declare war on July 28.
  • 1926
    Fox Film buys the patents of the Movietone sound system for recording sound onto film.
  • 1927
    The first station of the Indian Broadcasting Company goes on the air in Bombay.
  • 1929
    The Fascist government in Italy bans the use of foreign words.
  • 1936
    In Catalonia, Spain, the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia is founded through the merger of Socialist and Communist parties.
  • 1940
    The United States’ Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles issues a declaration on the U.S. non-recognition policy of the Soviet annexation and incorporation of three Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
  • 1942
    Bulgarian poet and Communist leader Nikola Vaptsarov is executed by firing squad.
  • 1942
    The Holocaust: the Treblinka extermination camp is opened.
  • 1942
    World War II: The German offensives Operation Edelweiss and Operation Braunschweig begin.
  • 1945
    The post-war legal processes against Philippe Pétain begin.
  • 1952
    General Muhammad Naguib leads the Free Officers Movement (formed by Gamal Abdel Nasser, the real power behind the coup) in overthrowing King Farouk of Egypt.
  • 1952
    The European Coal and Steel community is established.
  • 1961
    The Sandinista National Liberation Front is founded in Nicaragua.
  • 1962
    Telstar relays the first publicly transmitted, live trans-Atlantic television program, featuring Walter Cronkite.
  • 1962
    The International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos is signed.
  • 1967
    12th Street Riot: in Detroit, Michigan, one of the worst riots in United States history begins on 12th Street in the predominantly African American inner city. It will leave 43 killed, 342 injured and 1,400 buildings burned.
  • 1968
    Glenville Shootout: in Cleveland, Ohio, a violent shootout between a Black Militant organization led by Ahmed Evans and the Cleveland Police Department occurs. During the shootout, a riot begins and lasts for five days.
  • 1968
    The only successful hijacking of an El Al aircraft takes place when a Boeing 707 carrying 10 crew and 38 passengers is taken over by three members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. The aircraft was en route from Rome, Italy, to Lod, Israel.
  • 1970
    Qaboos ibn Sa’id becomes Sultan of Oman after overthrowing his father, Sa’id ibn Taimur initiating massive reforms ;modernisation programs and end to a decade long civil war.
  • 1972
    The United States launch Landsat 1, the first Earth-resources satellite.
  • 1974
    The Greek military junta collapses, and former Prime Minister Constantine Karamanlis is invited to lead the new government.
  • 1982
    The International Whaling Commission decides to end commercial whaling by 1985-86.
  • 1983
    Gimli Glider: Air Canada Flight 143 runs out of fuel and makes a deadstick landing at Gimli, Manitoba.
  • 1983
    The Sri Lankan Civil War begins with the killing of 13 Sri Lanka Army soldiers by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Terrorist group. In the subsequent riots of Black July, about 1,000 Tamils are slaughtered, some 400,000 Tamils flee to neighbouring Tamil Nadu, India and many find refuge in Europe and Canada.
  • 1984
    Vanessa Williams becomes the first Miss America to resign when she surrenders her crown after nude photos of her appeared in Penthouse magazine.
  • 1986
    In London, Prince Andrew, Duke of York marries Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey.
  • 1988
    General Ne Win, effective ruler of Burma since 1962, resigns after pro-democracy protests.
  • 1992
    A Vatican commission, led by Joseph Ratzinger, establishes that it is necessary to limit rights of homosexual people and non-married couples.
  • 1992
    Abkhazia declares independence from Georgia.
  • 1995
    Comet Hale-Bopp is discovered; it will become visible to the naked eye nearly a year later.
  • 1997
    Digital Equipment Company files antitrust charges against chipmaker Intel.
  • 1999
    ANA Flight 61 is hijacked in Tokyo, Japan by Yuji Nishizawa.
  • 1999
    Crown Prince Mohammed Ben Al-Hassan is crowned King Mohammed VI of Morocco on the death of his father.
  • 2005
    Three bombs explode in the Naama Bay area of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, killing 88 people.

Who Were Born On July 23?

  • 645
    Yazid I, Arabian Caliph (d. 683)
  • 1301
    Otto, Duke of Austria (d. 1339)
  • 1339
    King Louis I of Naples (d. 1384)
  • 1503
    Anne of Bohemia and Hungary, Queen consort of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1547)
  • 1649
    Pope Clement XI (d. 1721)
  • 1705
    Francis Blomefield, English topographer (d. 1752)
  • 1773
    Sir Thomas Brisbane, Scottish astronomer, soldier and governor of New South Wales (d. 1860)
  • 1775
    Etienne-Louis Malus, French physicist and mathematician (d. 1812)
  • 1777
    Philipp Otto Runge, German painter (d. 1810)
  • 1796
    Franz Berwald, Swedish composer (d. 1868)
  • 1823
    Alexandre-Antonin Taché, Canadian Catholic archbishop (d. 1894)
  • 1838
    Edouard Judas Colonne, French violinist (d. 1910)
  • 1856
    Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian nationalist (d. 1920)
  • 1864
    Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician (d. 1903)
  • 1865
    Max Heindel, Danish occultist and mystic (d. 1919)
  • 1884
    Emil Jannings, Swiss actor (d. 1950)
  • 1885
    Georges V. Matchabelli, Georgian-born American perfumer (d. 1935)
  • 1886
    Salvador de Madariaga, Spanish diplomat (d. 1978)
  • 1886
    Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (d. 1976)
  • 1888
    Raymond Chandler, American novelist (d. 1959)
  • 1892
    Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia (d. 1975)
  • 1894
    Arthur Treacher, English character actor (d. 1975)
  • 1895
    Aileen Pringle, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1898
    Jacob Marschak, American economist (d. 1977)
  • 1898
    Red Dutton, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1987)
  • 1899
    Gustav Heinemann, German politician (d. 1976)
  • 1900
    John Babcock, Canadian World War I veteran (d. 2010)
  • 1901
    Hank Worden, American actor and rodeo cowboy (d. 1992)
  • 1905
    Leopold Engleitner, Austrian Holocaust survivor and lecturer
  • 1906
    Chandrasekhar Azad, Indian nationalist (d. 1931)
  • 1906
    Vladimir Prelog, Croatian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1909
    John William Finn, American WWII Medal of Honor recieptant (d. 2010)
  • 1912
    M. H. Abrams, American literary critic and writer
  • 1912
    Michael Wilding, English actor (d. 1979)
  • 1913
    Michael Foot, English politician (d. 2010)
  • 1914
    Nassos Daphnis, Greek born American painter (d.2010)
  • 1914
    Virgil Finlay, American horror illustrator (d. 1971)
  • 1918
    Bueno de Mesquita, Dutch comedian and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1918
    Pee Wee Reese, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1920
    Amalia Rodrigues, Portuguese fado singer (d. 1999)
  • 1921
    Calvert DeForest, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1923
    Amalia Mendoza, Mexican singer (d. 2001)
  • 1923
    Cyril M. Kornbluth, American writer (d. 1958)
  • 1923
    Luis Aloma, Cuban baseball player (d. 1997)
  • 1924
    Gavin Lambert, British-born American screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1925
    Tajuddin Ahmad, Bangladeshi politician (d. 1975)
  • 1927
    Gérard Brach, French film director and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1928
    Hubert Selby Jr., American author (d. 2004)
  • 1928
    Leon Fleisher, American pianist
  • 1928
    Vera Rubin, American astronomer
  • 1929
    Lateef Jakande, Nigerian politician
  • 1931
    Claude Fournier, French Canadian film director and screenwriter
  • 1931
    Guy Fournier, French Canadian author and screenwriter
  • 1931
    Queen Te Atairangikaahu of the New Zealand Māori (d. 2006)
  • 1933
    Benedict Groeschel, American Roman Catholic priest
  • 1933
    Bert Convy, American game show host and performer (d. 1991)
  • 1933
    Raimund Abraham, Austrian architect (d. 2010)
  • 1935
    Hein Heinsen, Danish sculptor
  • 1935
    Jim Hall, American race car driver and builder
  • 1936
    Anthony Kennedy, American Supreme Court Justice
  • 1936
    Don Drysdale, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1937
    Dave Webster, American football player
  • 1938
    Bert Newton, Australian actor and television show host
  • 1938
    Charles Harrelson, American convicted murderer; father of Woody Harrelson (d. 2007)
  • 1938
    Götz George, German actor
  • 1938
    Juliet Anderson, American pornographic actress (d. 2010)
  • 1938
    Ronny Cox, American actor
  • 1940
    Don Imus, American talk radio host
  • 1940
    Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa, Italian banker and economist (d. 2010)
  • 1941
    Richie Evans, American NASCAR driver (d. 1985)
  • 1942
    Dimitris Liantinis, Greek philosopher
  • 1942
    Madeline Bell, American-British singer
  • 1942
    Myra Hindley, English multiple murderer (d. 2002)
  • 1942
    Sallyanne Atkinson, Australian politician
  • 1943
    Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate (d. 2007)
  • 1943
    Tony Joe White, American singer and songwriter
  • 1944
    Dino Danelli, drummer (Young Rascals)
  • 1946
    Andy Mackay, oboe and saxophone player (Roxy Music)
  • 1947
    David Essex, English singer
  • 1947
    Gardner Dozois, American science fiction writer and editor
  • 1947
    Torsten Palm, Swedish racing driver
  • 1948
    John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician
  • 1948
    John Hall, American politician and songwriter
  • 1949
    Clive Rice, South African cricketer
  • 1950
    Alan Turner, Australian cricketer
  • 1950
    Alex Kozinski, Romanian-born American judge
  • 1950
    Blair Thornton, Canadian guitarist (Bachman–Turner Overdrive)
  • 1950
    Ian Thomas, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1951
    Edie McClurg, American actress
  • 1951
    Michael McConnohie, American voice actor
  • 1952
    Bill Nyrop, American ice hockey player (d. 1995)
  • 1952
    Janis Siegel, singer (Manhattan Transfer)
  • 1952
    Paul Hibbert, Australian cricketer (d. 2008)
  • 1953
    Bob Hilton, American game show host and announcer
  • 1953
    Graham Gooch, English cricketer
  • 1954
    Annie Sprinkle, American porn star and performance artist
  • 1957
    Jo Brand, British comedian
  • 1957
    Kate Buffery, British actress and writer
  • 1957
    Nick Galis, Greek basketball player
  • 1957
    Theo van Gogh, Dutch film director (d. 2004)
  • 1959
    Nancy Savoca, American filmmaker
  • 1960
    Al Perez, American professional wrestler
  • 1961
    André Ducharme, Québécois humorist and comedian
  • 1961
    Martin Gore, English musician and songwriter (Depeche Mode)
  • 1961
    Michael Durant, American helicopter pilot
  • 1961
    Woody Harrelson, American actor
  • 1962
    Eriq La Salle, American actor
  • 1964
    Ed Forchion, American marijuana activist
  • 1964
    Nick Menza, drummer (Megadeth))
  • 1964
    Uwe Barth, German politician
  • 1965
    Rob Dickinson, English guitarist, singer and songwriter (Catherine Wheel)
  • 1965
    Slash, English-born American guitarist (Guns N' Roses)
  • 1966
    Samantha Beckinsale, English actress
  • 1967
    Philip Seymour Hoffman, American actor
  • 1967
    Titiyo, Swedish singer
  • 1968
    Elden Campbell, American basketball player
  • 1968
    Gary Payton, American basketball player
  • 1968
    Stephanie Seymour, American supermodel
  • 1969
    David Kaufman American voice-over artist and character actor
  • 1970
    Charisma Carpenter, American actress
  • 1970
    Sam Watters, singer, songwriter, record producer
  • 1970
    Thea Dorn, German writer
  • 1971
    Alison Krauss, American singer and fiddler
  • 1971
    Chris Michalek, American jazz harmonica player
  • 1971
    Christopher Lee, Singaporean actor and model
  • 1971
    Dalvin DeGrate, American singer
  • 1971
    Joel Stein, American journalist
  • 1972
    Floyd Reifer, West Indian cricketer
  • 1972
    Marlon Wayans, American actor
  • 1973
    Andrea Scanavacca, Italian rugby player
  • 1973
    Francis Healy, English-born Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Travis)
  • 1973
    Himesh Reshammiya, Indian Bollywood composer, singer and actor
  • 1973
    Monica Lewinsky, American White House intern
  • 1973
    Nomar Garciaparra, American baseball player
  • 1974
    Kathryn Hahn, American actress
  • 1974
    Maurice Greene, American sprinter
  • 1974
    Rik Verbrugghe, Belgian cyclist
  • 1974
    Sonny Siaki, Samoan professional wrestler
  • 1974
    Stephanie March, American actress
  • 1974
    Terry Glenn, American football player
  • 1975
    Seong Hyeon-ah, South Korean actress
  • 1975
    Surya Sivakumar, Indian Tamil actor
  • 1976
    Jonathan Gallant, Canadian bassist (Billy Talent)
  • 1976
    Judit Polgár, Hungarian chess player
  • 1977
    Neicer Reasco, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1977
    Scott Clemmensen, American ice hockey player
  • 1977
    Shawn Thornton, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978
    Marianela González, Venezuelan actress
  • 1978
    Stefanie Sun, Singaporean singer
  • 1978
    Stuart Elliott, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1979
    Perro Aguayo, Jr., Mexican professional wrestler
  • 1979
    Ricardo Sperafico, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1979
    Richard Sims, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1979
    Sotirios Kyrgiakos, Greek footballer
  • 1980
    Michelle Williams, American singer (Destiny’s Child)
  • 1981
    Jarkko Nieminen, Finnish tennis player
  • 1981
    Steve Jocz, Canadian drummer (Sum 41)
  • 1982
    Gerald Wallace, American basketball player
  • 1982
    Paul Wesley, American actor
  • 1982
    Zanjoe Marudo, Filipino actor
  • 1983
    Aaron Peirsol, American swimmer
  • 1983
    Andrew Eiden, American actor
  • 1983
    Bec Hewitt, Australian actress
  • 1983
    David Strettle, English rugby player
  • 1984
    Brandon Roy, American professional basketball player
  • 1984
    Matthew Murphy, English musician and singer (The Wombats)
  • 1985
    Ólafur Hannesson, Icelandic television personality
  • 1985
    Blake Harrison, English actor
  • 1985
    Luis Ángel Landín, Mexican footballer
  • 1985
    Matthew Colin Bailey, American designer
  • 1986
    Ayaka Komatsu, Japanese model and actress
  • 1986
    Natalie Tran, Vietnamese-Australian YouTube video blogger
  • 1986
    Nelson Philippe, French racing driver
  • 1986
    Reece Ritchie, English actor
  • 1989
    Daniel Radcliffe, English actor
  • 1990
    Kevin Reynolds, Canadian figure skater
  • 1992
    Amanda Wilson, English singer
  • 1996
    Rachel G. Fox, American actress

Who Died On July 23?

  • 1227
    Qiu Chuji, Chinese founder of the Dragon Gate Taoism (b. 1148)
  • 1373
    Bridget of Sweden, Swedish mystic and saint, founder of the Bridgettine Order (b. 1303)
  • 1403
    Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester, English rebel (executed) (b. 1343)
  • 1531
    Louis de Brézé, seigneur d'Anet, French nobleman, Marshal of Normandy and husband of Diane de Poitiers (birth year unknown)
  • 1536
    Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, bastard son of King Henry VIII of England (b. 1519)
  • 1562
    Gotz von Berlichingen, German Imperial Knight and mercenary (b. 1480)
  • 1584
    John Day, English printer (b. 1522)
  • 1692
    Gilles Ménage, French scholar (b. 1613)
  • 1727
    Simon Harcourt, 1st Viscount Harcourt, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. c. 1661)
  • 1757
    Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer (b. 1685)
  • 1764
    Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born American religious leader (b. 1703)
  • 1773
    George Edwards, English naturalist (b. 1693)
  • 1781
    John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-born American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • 1793
    Roger Sherman, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1721)
  • 1833
    Anselmo de la Cruz, Chilean political figure (b. 1777)
  • 1853
    Andries Pretorius, South African Boer leader (b. 1798)
  • 1875
    Isaac Singer, American inventor and entrepreneur (b. 1811)
  • 1878
    Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician (b. 1804)
  • 1885
    Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States (b. 1822)
  • 1916
    Sir William Ramsay, Scottish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1919
    Spyridon Lambros, Greek history professor and Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1851)
  • 1920
    Conrad Kohrs, German-born American rancher (b. 1835)
  • 1923
    Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary (b. 1878)
  • 1924
    Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar (b. 1850)
  • 1926
    Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1930
    Glenn Curtiss, American aviation pioneer (b. 1878)
  • 1932
    Tenby Davies, Welsh half-mile world champion runner (b. 1884)
  • 1941
    George Lyman Kittredge, American English literature scholar and Harvard University professor (b. 1860)
  • 1942
    Adam Czerniakow, Polish engineer (suicide) (b. 1880)
  • 1942
    Andy Ducat, English cricketer and footballer (b. 1886)
  • 1948
    D. W. Griffith, American film director (b. 1875)
  • 1951
    Henri Philippe Pétain, French leader of Vichy France (b. 1856)
  • 1951
    Robert J. Flaherty, American filmmaker (b. 1884)
  • 1955
    Cordell Hull, 47th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1966
    Montgomery Clift, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1968
    Henry Hallett Dale, English pharmacologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1875)
  • 1971
    Van Heflin, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1973
    Eddie Rickenbacker, American fighter ace in World War I and founder of Rickenbacker Motors (b. 1890)
  • 1979
    Joseph Kessel, French journalist and novelist (b. 1898)
  • 1980
    Keith Godchaux, American pianist (Grateful Dead) (b. 1948)
  • 1980
    Mollie Steimer, Russian-born American anarchist agitator and political prisoner (b. 1897)
  • 1980
    Sarto Fournier, Canadian politician, Mayor of Montreal (b. 1908)
  • 1982
    Giorgos Gavriilidis, Greek actor (b. 1906)
  • 1982
    Vic Morrow, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 1983
    Georges Auric, French composer (b. 1899)
  • 1985
    Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (b. 1923)
  • 1989
    Donald Barthelme, American short fiction writer and reporter (b. 1931)
  • 1990
    Kenjiro Takayanagi, Japanese developer of television (b. 1899)
  • 1993
    James R. Jordan, Sr., American soldier and murder victim, father of Michael Jordan (b. 1936)
  • 1996
    Aliki Vougiouklaki, Greek actress (b. 1934)
  • 1996
    Jean Muir, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1997
    Chūhei Nambu, Japanese long and triple jumper (b. 1904)
  • 1999
    King Hassan II of Morocco (b. 1929)
  • 2001
    Eudora Welty, American writer (b. 1909)
  • 2002
    Chaim Potok, American novelist and rabbi (b. 1929)
  • 2002
    Leo McKern, Australian actor (b. 1920)
  • 2002
    William Luther Pierce, American white nationalist and novelist (b. 1933)
  • 2003
    James E. Davis, New York City police officer and councilman (murdered) (b. 1962)
  • 2003
    Yvonne Sanson, Greek actress (b. 1926)
  • 2004
    Carlos Paredes, Portuguese guitarist and composer (b. 1925)
  • 2004
    Mehmood, Indian actor (b. 1932)
  • 2004
    Piero Piccioni, Italian pianist, organist, conductor and composer (b. 1921)
  • 2004
    Serge Reggiani, French singer and actor (b. 1922)
  • 2005
    Ted Greene, American jazz guitarist and teacher (b. 1946)
  • 2006
    Jean-Paul Desbiens, Quebec writer and journalist (b. 1927)
  • 2007
    Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (b. 1914)
  • 2007
    Ron Miller, American songwriter and record producer (b. 1933)
  • 2007
    Tor Kamata, American-Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1937)
  • 2008
    Kurt Furgler, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1924)
  • 2010
    Daniel Schorr, American journalist (b. 1916)
  • 2011
    Amy Winehouse, British singer songwriter (b. 1983)


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