Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on July 29? There are more than 246 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 29

July 29 is the 210th day of the year 2014. There are 155 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Tuesday. This day falls under the 31st week of the year 2014.

On this day in Penokee, Kansas 67659 sunrise will occur at 11:37 AM and sunset will occur at 01:54 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Leo. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 205 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 19, 2015).

Buy a gift icon Out of the blue, there is someone out there thinking of you today. If that special someone wants to buy a gift for you, which one will you choose: gift baskets, bath toys or training shoes?

Historical Events For July 29

  • 238
    The Praetorian Guard stormed the palace and capture Pupienus and Balbinus. They are dragged through the streets of Rome and executed. On the same day Gordian III, age 13, is proclaimed emperor.
  • 615
    Pakal ascends the throne of Palenque at age 12.
  • 904
    Sack of Thessalonica: Saracen raiders under Leo of Tripoli sack Thessalonica, the Byzantine Empire’s second-largest city, after a short siege, and plunder it for a week.
  • 1014
    Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars: Battle of Kleidion – Byzantine emperor Basil II inflicts a decisive defeat on the Bulgarian army, and his subsequent treatment of 15,000 prisoners reportedly causes Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria to die of a heart attack less than three months later, on October 6.
  • 1030
    Ladejarl-Fairhair succession wars: Battle of Stiklestad – King Olaf II fights and dies trying to regain his Norwegian throne from the Danes.
  • 1565
    The widowed Mary, Queen of Scots, marries Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Duke of Albany, at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • 1567
    James VI is crowned King of Scotland at Stirling.
  • 1588
    Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines – English naval forces under the command of Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake defeat the Spanish Armada off the coast of Gravelines, France.
  • 1693
    War of the Grand Alliance: Battle of Landen – France wins a Pyrrhic victory over Allied forces in the Netherlands.
  • 1793
    John Graves Simcoe decides to build a fort and settlement at Toronto, having sailed into the bay there.
  • 1836
    Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.
  • 1847
    Cumberland School of Law is founded in Lebanon, Tennessee, United States, one of only 15 law schools to exist in the United States at the end of 1847.
  • 1848
    Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt – in Tipperary, an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule is put down by police.
  • 1851
    Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia.
  • 1858
    United States and Japan sign the Harris Treaty.
  • 1864
    American Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C.
  • 1899
    The First Hague Convention is signed.
  • 1900
    In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by the anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
  • 1907
    Sir Robert Baden Powell sets up the Brownsea Island Scout camp in Poole Harbour on the south coast of England. The camp runs from August 1 to August 9, 1907, and is regarded as the foundation of the Scouting movement.
  • 1920
    Construction of the Link River Dam begins as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project.
  • 1921
    Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party.
  • 1932
    Great Depression: in Washington, D.C., troops disperse the last of the “Bonus Army” of World War I veterans.
  • 1937
    Tōngzhōu Incident: in Tōngzhōu (China), the East Hopei Army attacks Japanese troops and civilians.
  • 1945
    The BBC Light Programme radio station is launched for mainstream light entertainment and music.
  • 1948
    Olympic Games: The Games of the XIV Olympiad – after a hiatus of 12 years caused by World War II, the first Summer Olympics to be held since the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, open in London.
  • 1957
    The International Atomic Energy Agency is established.
  • 1958
    U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs into law the National Aeronautics and Space Act, which creates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
  • 1959
    First United States Congress elections in Hawaii as a state of the Union.
  • 1965
    Vietnam War: the first 4,000 101st Airborne Division paratroopers arrive in Vietnam, landing at Cam Ranh Bay.
  • 1967
    During the fourth day of celebrating its 400th anniversary, the city of Caracas, Venezuela is shaken by an earthquake, leaving approximately 500 dead.
  • 1967
    Vietnam War: off the coast of North Vietnam the USS Forrestal catches on fire in the worst U.S. naval disaster since World War II, killing 134.
  • 1973
    Greeks vote to abolish the monarchy, beginning the first period of the Metapolitefsi.
  • 1976
    In New York City, David Berkowitz (aka the “Son of Sam”) kills one person and seriously wounds another in the first of a series of attacks.
  • 1981
    A worldwide television audience of over 700 million people watch the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer at St Paul’s Cathedral in London.
  • 1987
    British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and President of France François Mitterrand sign the agreement to build a tunnel under the English Channel (Eurotunnel).
  • 1987
    Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi and President of Sri Lanka J. R. Jayawardene sign the Indo-Sri Lanka Accord on ethnic issues.
  • 1993
    The Israeli Supreme Court acquits alleged Nazi death camp guard John Demjanjuk of all charges and he is set free.
  • 1996
    The child protection portion of the Communications Decency Act is struck down by a U.S. federal court as too broad .
  • 2005
    Astronomers announce their discovery of the dwarf planet Eris.

Who Were Born On July 29?

  • 1166
    Henry II, Count of Champagne and King of Jerusalem (d. 1197)
  • 1605
    Simon Dach, German poet (d. 1659)
  • 1763
    Philip Charles Durham, Scottish Royal Navy Admiral (d. 1845)
  • 1797
    Daniel Drew, American financier (d. 1879)
  • 1801
    George Bradshaw, English publisher (d. 1853)
  • 1805
    Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian and political scientist (d. 1859)
  • 1806
    Horace Abbott, American iron manufacturer (d. 1887)
  • 1817
    Ivan Aivazovsky, Armenian-Russian painter (d. 1900)
  • 1843
    Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (d. 1901)
  • 1846
    Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil (d. 1921)
  • 1849
    Max Nordau, Austrian-Hungarian writer and Zionist leader (d. 1923)
  • 1860
    Charles Cochrane-Baillie, 2nd Baron Lamington, Governor of Queensland, Governor of Bombay (d. 1940)
  • 1869
    Booth Tarkington, American novelist and dramatist (d. 1946)
  • 1872
    Eric Alfred Knudsen, American folklorist (d. 1957)
  • 1874
    James Shaver Woodsworth, Canadian politician (d. 1942)
  • 1876
    Maria Ouspenskaya, Russian-born American actress (d. 1949)
  • 1878
    Don Marquis, American author (d. 1937)
  • 1883
    Benito Mussolini, Italian fascist dictator (d. 1945)
  • 1883
    Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian poet and writer (d. 1942)
  • 1884
    Ralph A. Bard, U.S. Navy Undersecretary (d. 1975)
  • 1885
    Theda Bara, American film actress (d. 1955)
  • 1887
    Sigmund Romberg, Hungarian-born American composer (d. 1951)
  • 1890
    Daniel J. Callaghan, United States Navy officer, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1942)
  • 1891
    Bernhard Zondek German-born Israeli gynecologist, developer of first reliable pregnancy test (d. 1966)
  • 1892
    William Powell, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1897
    Sir Neil Ritchie, British general (d. 1983)
  • 1898
    Isidor Isaac Rabi, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1899
    Walter Beall, American baseball player (d. 1959)
  • 1900
    Don Redman, American jazz trumpeter, oboist and pianist (d. 1964)
  • 1900
    Eyvind Johnson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1904
    J. R. D. Tata, France-born Indian aviation pioneer and industrialist (d. 1993)
  • 1905
    Clara Bow, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1905
    Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish 2nd UN Secretary-General, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1905
    Stanley Kunitz, American poet (d. 2006)
  • 1905
    Thelma Todd, American actress (d. 1935)
  • 1906
    Diana Vreeland, French-born American fashion editor (d. 1989)
  • 1907
    Melvin Belli, American lawyer and actor (d. 1996)
  • 1909
    Chester Himes, American novelist (d. 1984)
  • 1911
    Archbishop Iakovos of America, Turkish-born Primate of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America (d. 2005)
  • 1911
    Foster Furcolo, 60th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • 1913
    Erich Priebke, German Nazi war criminal
  • 1914
    Irwin Corey, American stand-up comedian
  • 1915
    Bruce R. McConkie, American Mormon apostle and writer (d. 1985)
  • 1915
    Francis W. Sargent, 64th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1998)
  • 1916
    Budd Boetticher, American film director (d. 2001)
  • 1916
    Charlie Christian, American jazz guitarist (d. 1942)
  • 1917
    Rochus Misch, German courier, bodyguard and telephone operator for Adolf Hitler, the last survivor of the Führerbunker
  • 1918
    Edwin O'Connor, American novelist and Pulitzer Prize winner (d. 1968)
  • 1920
    Neville Jeffress, Australian founder of Media Monitors Australia (d. 2007)
  • 1920
    Rodolfo Acosta, Mexican actor (d. 1974)
  • 1921
    Richard Egan, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1923
    Gordon Mitchell, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1923
    Jim Marshall, English founder of Marshall Amplification
  • 1924
    Elizabeth Short, American waitress, victim in the Black Dahlia case (d. 1947)
  • 1924
    Lloyd Bochner, Canadian actor (d. 2005)
  • 1924
    Robert Horton, American actor
  • 1925
    Mikis Theodorakis, Greek composer
  • 1925
    Ted Lindsay, Canadian hockey player
  • 1927
    Harry Mulisch, Dutch novelist, playwright, essayist and poet (d. 2010)
  • 1930
    Paul Taylor, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1932
    Nancy Kassebaum Baker, United States Senator from Kansas
  • 1933
    Colin Davis, British racing driver
  • 1933
    Lou Albano, American pro wrestling manager (d. 2009)
  • 1933
    Robert Fuller, American actor
  • 1935
    Peter Schreier, German tenor
  • 1936
    Elizabeth Dole, U.S. Senator from North Carolina
  • 1937
    Daniel McFadden, American economist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1938
    Jean Rochon, Quebec politician
  • 1938
    Peter Jennings, Canadian-born American journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1941
    David Warner, English actor
  • 1941
    Jennifer Dunn, American politician (d. 2007)
  • 1942
    Tony Sirico, American actor
  • 1943
    David Taylor, English snooker player
  • 1945
    Mircea Lucescu, Romanian football manager
  • 1946
    Diane Keen, English actress
  • 1946
    Neal Doughty, American keyboardist (REO Speedwagon)
  • 1946
    Ximena Armas, Chilean painter
  • 1947
    Dick Harmon, American golf instructor (d. 2006)
  • 1949
    Jamil Mahuad, 51st President of Ecuador
  • 1949
    Leslie Easterbrook, American actress
  • 1950
    Mike Starr, American actor
  • 1951
    Dan Driessen, American baseball player
  • 1951
    Dean Pitchford, American songwriter, filmmaker and novelist
  • 1952
    Marie Panayotopoulos-Cassiotou, Greek politician
  • 1953
    Geddy Lee, Canadian bassist and singer (Rush)
  • 1953
    Ken Burns, American producer and director
  • 1953
    Patti Scialfa, American singer, guitarist and songwriter
  • 1953
    Tim Gunn, American television personality
  • 1955
    Dave Stevens, American illustrator (d. 2008)
  • 1955
    Jean-Hugues Anglade, French actor
  • 1956
    Faustino Rupérez, Spanish cyclist
  • 1956
    Ronnie Musgrove, 62nd Governor of Mississippi
  • 1956
    Teddy Atlas, American boxing trainer and commentator
  • 1957
    Alessandra Marc, American operatic soprano
  • 1957
    Nellie Kim, Russian gymnast
  • 1959
    Dave LaPoint, American baseball player
  • 1959
    John Sykes, British guitarist (Thin Lizzy, Whitesnake, Tygers of Pan Tang)
  • 1959
    Ruud Janssen, Dutch writer and Fluxus and mail artist
  • 1959
    Sanjay Dutt, Indian actor
  • 1962
    Scott Steiner, American professional wrestler
  • 1962
    Vincent Rousseau, Belgian long-distance runner
  • 1963
    Alexandra Paul, American actress
  • 1963
    Graham Poll, English football referee
  • 1963
    Jim Beglin, Irish football commentator
  • 1965
    Chang-Rae Lee, Korean-born American novelist
  • 1965
    Dean Haglund, Canadian actor
  • 1965
    Luis Alicea, Puerto Rico baseball player and coach
  • 1966
    Martina McBride, American country music singer
  • 1966
    Richard Steven Horvitz, American comic voice actor
  • 1968
    Paavo Lötjönen, Finnish cellist (Apocalyptica)
  • 1970
    Andi Peters, British TV presenter
  • 1970
    John Rennie, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1971
    Bryan Dattilo, American actor
  • 1971
    Lisa Ekdahl, Swedish singer and songwriter
  • 1971
    Monica Calhoun, American actress
  • 1972
    Wil Wheaton, American actor
  • 1973
    Stephen Dorff, American actor
  • 1973
    Wanya Morris, American singer (Boyz II Men)
  • 1974
    Afroman, American rapper
  • 1974
    Josh Radnor, American actor
  • 1975
    Corrado Grabbi, Italian footballer
  • 1975
    Lanka de Silva, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1977
    Rodney “Darkchild” Jerkins, American songwriter and record producer
  • 1979
    Karim Essediri, Tunisian footballer
  • 1979
    Ronald Murray, American basketball player
  • 1980
    Fernando González, Chilean tennis player
  • 1980
    Rachel Miner, American actress
  • 1980
    Ryan Braun, Canadian-born American baseball player
  • 1981
    Andrés Madrid, Argentine footballer
  • 1981
    Fernando Alonso, Spanish Formula 1 Driver
  • 1981
    Troy Perkins, American soccer player
  • 1982
    Allison Mack, American actress
  • 1982
    Jônatas Domingos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982
    Janez Aljančič, Slovenian footballer
  • 1983
    Alexei Kaigorodov, Russian hockey player
  • 1984
    Chad Billingsley, American baseball player
  • 1984
    Wilson Palacios, Honduran footballer
  • 1985
    Besart Berisha, Albanian footballer
  • 1985
    Simon Santoso, Indonesian badminton player
  • 1990
    Munro Chambers, Canadian actor

Who Died On July 29?

  • 238
    Balbinus, Roman Emperor (b. c. 165)
  • 238
    Pupienus, Roman Emperor (b. c. 164 or c. 178)
  • 1030
    Olaf II of Norway (b. 995)
  • 1095
    King Ladislaus I of Hungary (b. c. 1040)
  • 1099
    Pope Urban II (b. 1042)
  • 1108
    King Philip I of France (b. 1052)
  • 1507
    Martin Behaim, German- or Bohemian-born navigator and geographer at the service of the King of Portugal (b. 1459)
  • 1573
    John Caius, English physician and second founder of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge (b. 1510)
  • 1612
    Jacques Bongars, French scholar and diplomat (b. 1554)
  • 1644
    Pope Urban VIII (b. 1568)
  • 1752
    Peter Warren, British admiral (b. 1703)
  • 1781
    Johann Kies, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1713)
  • 1792
    René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France (b. 1714)
  • 1813
    Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (b. 1771)
  • 1833
    William Wilberforce, English abolitionist (b. 1759)
  • 1839
    Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (b. 1755)
  • 1844
    Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, Austrian composer (b. 1791)
  • 1856
    Robert Schumann, German composer (b. 1810)
  • 1857
    Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (b. 1774)
  • 1887
    Agostino Depretis, Italian statesman (d. 1813)
  • 1890
    Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter (b. 1853)
  • 1900
    King Umberto I of Italy (b. 1844)
  • 1913
    Tobias Michael Carel Asser, Dutch jurist, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (b. 1838)
  • 1918
    Ernest William Christmas, Australian painter (b. 1863)
  • 1924
    Sotirios Krokidas, Greek law professor, interim Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1852)
  • 1934
    Didier Pitre, French-Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1883)
  • 1938
    Nikolai Krylenko, Russian/Soviet jurist and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1950
    Joe Fry, British racing driver (b. 1915)
  • 1954
    Coen de Koning, Dutch speed skater (b. 1879)
  • 1964
    Vean Gregg, American baseball player (b. 1885)
  • 1966
    Adekunle Fajuyi, Nigerian regional military governor (b. 1926)
  • 1966
    Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, Nigerian military leader (b. 1924)
  • 1970
    John Barbirolli, English conductor (b. 1899)
  • 1973
    Norm Smith, Australian rules footballer and coach (b. 1915)
  • 1973
    Roger Williamson, English racing driver (b. 1948)
  • 1974
    “Mama” Cass Elliot, American singer (The Mamas & the Papas) (b. 1941)
  • 1974
    Erich Kästner, German poet and children’s writer (b. 1899)
  • 1976
    Mickey Cohen, American gangster (b. 1913)
  • 1979
    Bill Todman, American television producer (b. 1916)
  • 1979
    Herbert Marcuse, German philosopher (b. 1898)
  • 1981
    Robert Moses, American urban planner (b. 1888)
  • 1982
    Harold Sakata, American professional wrestler (“Tosh Togo”) and actor (b. 1920)
  • 1982
    Vladimir K. Zworykin, Russian-born American physicist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • 1983
    David Niven, English actor (b. 1910)
  • 1983
    Luis Buñuel, Spanish director and writer (b. 1900)
  • 1983
    Raymond Massey, Canadian actor (b. 1896)
  • 1984
    Fred Waring, American bandleader and inventor (b. 1900)
  • 1987
    Bibhutibhushan Mukhopadhyay, Indian-born Bengali writer (b. 1894)
  • 1990
    Bruno Kreisky, Chancellor of Austria (b. 1911)
  • 1992
    Michel Larocque, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1952)
  • 1994
    Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1994
    John Britton, assassinated American abortion provider (b. 1925)
  • 1995
    Les Elgart, American jazz trumpeter and bandleader (b. 1917)
  • 1996
    Jason Thirsk, American bassist (Pennywise) (b. 1967)
  • 1996
    Marcel-Paul Schützenberger, French mathematician (b. 1920)
  • 1996
    Ric Nordman, Canadian politician (b. 1919)
  • 1998
    Jerome Robbins, American choreographer (b. 1918)
  • 2001
    Edward Gierek, Polish politician (b. 1913)
  • 2001
    Wau Holland, German hacker (b. 1951)
  • 2003
    Foday Sankoh, Sierra Leonean rebel leader (b. 1937)
  • 2004
    Rena Vlahopoulou, Greek actress and singer (b. 1923)
  • 2007
    Marvin Zindler, American television reporter (b. 1921)
  • 2007
    Michel Serrault, French actor (b. 1928)
  • 2007
    Mike Reid, English comedian and actor (b. 1940)
  • 2007
    Tom Snyder, American television personality (b. 1936)
  • 2008
    Ishmeet Singh Sodhi, Indian playback singer (b. 1989)
  • 2009
    Gayatri Devi, England-born Indian Maharani of Jaipur (b. 1919)

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