Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on December 5? There are more than 296 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About December 5

December 5 is the 340th day of the year 2016. There are 26 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Monday. This day falls under the 49th week of the year 2016.

On this day in Salt Lake City, Utah 84157 sunrise will occur at 01:37 PM and sunset will occur at 11:00 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Sagittarius. The modern birthstone for this month is Turquoise while the mystical birthstone is Onyx.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 54 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (January 28, 2017).

Birthday curiousity Is December 5 your birthday? Are you not curious to find some fun facts about your birthday? Find out ‘what my birthday mean’ and what was the number one song on my day of birth. Get a free ninja poster! (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For December 5

  • 63 BC
    Cicero gave the fourth and final Catiline Orations.
  • 663
    Fourth Council of Toledo takes place.
  • 771
    Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman.
  • 1082
    Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona is assassinated.
  • 1408
    Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow.
  • 1484
    Pope Innocent VIII issues the Summis desiderantes, a papal bull that deputizes Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger as inquisitors to root out alleged witchcraft in Germany and leads to one of the most oppressive witch hunts in European history.
  • 1492
    Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to set foot on the island of Hispaniola, now Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
  • 1496
    King Manuel I of Portugal issues a decree of expulsion of “heretics” from the country.
  • 1590
    Niccolò Sfondrati becomes Pope Gregory XIV.
  • 1746
    Revolt in Genoa against Spanish rule.
  • 1757
    Seven Years’ War: Battle of Leuthen – Frederick II of Prussia leads Prussian forces to a decisive victory over Austrian forces under Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine.
  • 1766
    In London, James Christie holds his first sale.
  • 1775
    At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1776
    At The College of William and Mary, Phi Beta Kappa is founded and becomes the first American college fraternity.
  • 1815
    Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
  • 1831
    Former US President John Quincy Adams takes his seat in the House of Representatives.
  • 1847
    Jefferson Davis is elected to the US senate, his first political post.
  • 1848
    California Gold Rush: In a message before the U.S. Congress, US President James K. Polk confirms that large amounts of gold had been discovered in California.
  • 1865
    Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
  • 1876
    Brooklyn Theater Fire kills at least 278 people in Brooklyn, NY.
  • 1914
    The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
  • 1920
    Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece.
  • 1932
    German-born Swiss physicist Albert Einstein is granted an American visa.
  • 1933
    Prohibition in the United States ends: Utah becomes the 36th U.S. state to ratify the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution, thus establishing the required 75% of states needed to enact the amendment (this overturned the 18th Amendment which had made the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcohol illegal in the United States).
  • 1934
    Abyssinia Crisis: Italian troops attack Wal Wal in Abyssinia, taking four days to capture the city.
  • 1936
    The Soviet Union adopts a new constitution and the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic is established as a full Union Republic of the USSR.
  • 1941
    World War II: Great Britain declares war on Finland, Hungary and Romania.
  • 1941
    World War II: In the Battle of Moscow Georgy Zhukov launches a massive Soviet counter-attack against the German army, with the biggest offensive launched against Army Group Centre.
  • 1943
    World War II: U.S. Army Air Force begins attacking Germany’s secret weapons bases in Operation Crossbow.
  • 1944
    World War II: Allied troops occupy Ravenna.
  • 1945
    Flight 19 is lost in the Bermuda Triangle.
  • 1952
    Great Smog of 1952: A cold fog descends upon London, combining with air pollution and killing at least 12,000 in the weeks and months that follow.
  • 1955
    E.D. Nixon and Rosa Parks lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • 1955
    The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merge and form the AFL-CIO.
  • 1957
    Sukarno expels all Dutch people from Indonesia.
  • 1958
    Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the UK by Queen Elizabeth II when she speaks to the Lord Provost in a call from Bristol to Edinburgh.
  • 1958
    The Preston bypass, the UK’s first stretch of motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. It is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.
  • 1964
    Vietnam War: For his heroism in battle earlier in the year, Captain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor of the war.
  • 1974
    In American football, the Birmingham Americans would win what would eventually be the only World Bowl in World Football League history.
  • 1976
    The United Nations General Assembly adopts Pakistan’s resolution on security of non-Nuclear States.
  • 1977
    Egypt breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq and South Yemen. The move is in retaliation for the Declaration of Tripoli against Egypt.
  • 1978
    The Soviet Union signs a “friendship treaty” with the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
  • 1979
    Sonia Johnson is formally excommunicated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints for her outspoken criticism of the church concerning the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.
  • 1983
    Dissolution of the Military Junta in Argentina.
  • 1983
    ICIMOD is established and inaugurated with its headquarters in Kathmandu, Nepal, and legitimised through an Act of Parliament in Nepal in the same year.
  • 1993
    The mayor of Wien (Vienna), Helmut Zilk, is wounded by a letter bomb.
  • 1995
    The Sri Lankan government announces the conquest of Tamil stronghold of Jaffna.
  • 2005
    The Civil Partnership Act comes into effect in the United Kingdom, and the first civil partnership is registered there.
  • 2005
    The Lake Tanganyika earthquake causes significant damage, mostly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • 2006
    Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrows the government in Fiji.
  • 2007
    Westroads Mall massacre: A gunman opens fire with a semi-automatic rifle at an Omaha, Nebraska mall, killing eight people before taking his own life.

Who Were Born On December 5?

  • 1377
    Jianwen Emperor of China (d. 1402)
  • 1443
    Pope Julius II (d. 1513)
  • 1495
    Nicolas Cleynaerts, Flemish grammarian (d. 1542)
  • 1537
    Ashikaga Yoshiaki, Japanese shogun (d. 1597)
  • 1539
    Fausto Paolo Sozzini, Italian theologian (d. 1604)
  • 1547
    Ubbo Emmius, Dutch historian and geographer (d. 1625)
  • 1595
    Henry Lawes, English composer (d. 1662)
  • 1661
    Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, English statesman (d. 1724)
  • 1687
    Francesco Geminiani, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1762)
  • 1782
    Martin Van Buren, 8th President of the United States (d. 1862)
  • 1803
    Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev, Russian poet (d. 1873)
  • 1820
    Afanasy Fet, Russian poet (d. 1892)
  • 1822
    Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American college president (d. 1907)
  • 1829
    Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French Canadian politician (d. 1908)
  • 1830
    Christina Rossetti, English poet (d. 1894)
  • 1839
    George Armstrong Custer, American general (d. 1876)
  • 1841
    Marcus Daly, American mining tycoon (d. 1900)
  • 1855
    Clinton Hart Merriam, American ornithologist (d. 1942)
  • 1859
    John Jellicoe, British admiral (d. 1935)
  • 1863
    Paul Painlevé, French mathematician and Prime Minister (d. 1933)
  • 1867
    Antti Aarne, Finnish folklorist (d. 1925)
  • 1867
    Józef Piłsudski, Polish revolutionary and statesman (d. 1935)
  • 1868
    Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (d. 1951)
  • 1869
    Ellis Parker Butler, American author (d. 1937)
  • 1870
    Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer (d. 1949)
  • 1871
    Bill Pickett, American rodeo performer (d. 1932)
  • 1872
    Harry Nelson Pillsbury, American chess player (d. 1906)
  • 1875
    Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian soldier (d. 1933)
  • 1879
    Clyde Cessna, American airplane manufacturer (d. 1954)
  • 1881
    René Cresté, French actor (d. 1922)
  • 1886
    Pieter Oud, Dutch politician (d. 1968)
  • 1886
    Rose Wilder Lane, American writer and reporter, daughter of ‘Little House’books writer Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1968)
  • 1890
    David Bomberg, English painter (d. 1957)
  • 1890
    Fritz Lang, Austrian-born film director (d. 1976)
  • 1892
    Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (d. 1973)
  • 1894
    Charles Robberts Swart, South African politician (d. 1982)
  • 1895
    Elbert Frank Cox, American mathematician (d. 1969)
  • 1896
    Carl Ferdinand Cori, Austrian-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1897
    Gershom Scholem, German-born Israeli Jewish philosopher and historian (d. 1982)
  • 1897
    Nunnally Johnson, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1977)
  • 1898
    Grace Moore, American soprano (d. 1947)
  • 1898
    Josh Malihabadi, Urdu poet of India and Pakistan (d. 1982)
  • 1899
    Aleck “Rice” Miller, American blues musician (d. 1965)
  • 1901
    Milton H. Erickson, American psychiatrist (d. 1980)
  • 1901
    Walt Disney, American animated film producer (d. 1966)
  • 1901
    Werner Heisenberg, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1902
    Emeric Pressburger, Hungarian-British screenwriter, film director, and producer (d. 1988)
  • 1902
    Strom Thurmond, American politician (d. 2003)
  • 1903
    Cecil Frank Powell, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1969)
  • 1903
    Johannes Heesters, Dutch singer and actor (d. 2011)
  • 1905
    Gus Mancuso, American baseball player (d. 1984)
  • 1906
    Otto Preminger, Austrian-born film director, producer, and actor (d. 1986)
  • 1907
    Giuseppe Occhialini, Italian physicist (d. 1993)
  • 1907
    Lin Biao, Chinese Communist military leader (d. 1971)
  • 1909
    Musashiyama Takeshi, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 33rd Yokozuna (d. 1969)
  • 1910
    Abraham Polonsky, American screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1911
    Władysław Szpilman, Polish pianist (d. 2000)
  • 1914
    Hans Hellmut Kirst, German author (d. 1989)
  • 1916
    Hilary Koprowski, Polish virologist and immunologist
  • 1917
    Ken Downing, English racing driver (d. 2004)
  • 1917
    Wenche Foss, Norwegian actress
  • 1921
    Alvy Moore, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1925
    Anastasio Somoza Debayle, President of Nicaragua (d. 1980)
  • 1927
    Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand
  • 1931
    Ladislav Novák, Czech footballer (d. 2011)
  • 1932
    Jim Hurtubise, American racecar driver (d. 1989)
  • 1932
    Little Richard, American singer and pianist
  • 1932
    Sheldon Lee Glashow, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1934
    Joan Didion, American writer
  • 1934
    Nikos Kourkoulos, Greek actor, artistic director of the National Theatre of Greece (d. 2007)
  • 1935
    Calvin Trillin, American writer
  • 1935
    Yury Vlasov, Soviet weightlifter
  • 1936
    James Lee Burke, American writer
  • 1938
    J.D. McDuffie, American racecar driver (d. 1991)
  • 1938
    J. J. Cale, American songwriter
  • 1939
    Minita Chico-Nazario, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
  • 1940
    Adrian Street, Welsh professional wrestler
  • 1940
    Boris Ignatyev, Russian footballer and manager
  • 1940
    Peter Pohl, Swedish writer
  • 1943
    Eva Joly, Norwegian-born French magistrate
  • 1944
    Jeroen Krabbé, Dutch actor
  • 1944
    Loukas Sideras, Greek drummer (Aphrodite’s Child)
  • 1945
    Moshe Katsav, 8th President of Israel
  • 1945
    Serge Chapleau, French Canadian caricaturist
  • 1946
    José Carreras, Spanish tenor
  • 1946
    Sarel van der Merwe, South African rally driver
  • 1947
    Bruce Golding, Jamaican politician
  • 1947
    Jim Messina, American musician (Buffalo Springfield, Loggins and Messina)
  • 1947
    Jim Plunkett, American football player
  • 1947
    Tony Gregory, Irish politician
  • 1949
    John Altman, British film composer
  • 1949
    Ray Comfort, New Zealand evangelist
  • 1950
    Camarón de la Isla, Spanish flamenco singer (d. 1992)
  • 1950
    James Knaggs, American-born Salvationist
  • 1950
    Osvaldo Golijov, Argentine-born composer
  • 1951
    Anne-Mie van Kerckhoven, Belgian artist
  • 1951
    Morgan Brittany, American actress
  • 1952
    Andy Kim, Canadian singer, songwriter
  • 1953
    Larry Zbyszko, American professional wrestler
  • 1954
    Gary Roenicke, American baseball player
  • 1954
    Hanif Kureishi, English author and playwright
  • 1956
    Brian Backer, American actor
  • 1956
    Klaus Allofs, German footballer
  • 1956
    Krystian Zimerman, Polish pianist
  • 1957
    Art Monk, American football player
  • 1957
    Raquel Argandoña, Chilean television presenter, Miss Chile 1975
  • 1958
    Dean Erickson, American actor
  • 1958
    Dynamite Kid, English professional wrestler
  • 1959
    Lee Chapman, English footballer
  • 1960
    Frans Adelaar, Dutch football player and manager
  • 1960
    Jack Russell, American singer (Great White)
  • 1961
    Ralf Dujmovits, German mountaineer
  • 1961
    Sophia Vossou, Greek singer
  • 1962
    Fred Rutten, Dutch footballer and football-manager
  • 1962
    José Cura, Argentine tenor
  • 1962
    Nivek Ogre, Canadian vocalist, (Skinny Puppy)
  • 1962
    Pablo Morales, American swimmer
  • 1963
    Carrie Hamilton, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1963
    Doctor Dre, American radio personality
  • 1963
    Eddie “the Eagle” Edwards, English ski jumper
  • 1965
    Johnny Rzeznik, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (Goo Goo Dolls)
  • 1965
    Wayne Smith, Jamaican reggae musician
  • 1966
    Lee Seung-Chul, South Korean singer
  • 1966
    Patricia Kaas, French singer
  • 1967
    Gary Allan, American country musician
  • 1967
    Konstantin-Assen, Prince of Vidin, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1968
    Lisa Marie, American model and actress
  • 1968
    Lydia Millet, American writer
  • 1968
    Margaret Cho, American comedian and actress
  • 1969
    Alex Kapp Horner, American actress
  • 1969
    Lewis Gordon Pugh, English swimmer, polar explorer and motivational speaker
  • 1969
    Morgan J. Freeman, American film director
  • 1970
    Kevin Haller, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1971
    Kali Rocha, American actress
  • 1971
    Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg, German politician
  • 1971
    Kavus Torabi, Iranian-born British guitarist (The Monsoon Bassoon, Cardiacs, Guapo, Chrome Hoof)
  • 1972
    Angela Shelton, American actress & writer
  • 1972
    Cliff Floyd, American baseball player
  • 1972
    Mike Mahoney, American baseball player
  • 1973
    Arik Benado, Israeli football player
  • 1973
    Danielle Winits, Brazilian actress
  • 1973
    Luboš Motl, Czech physicist
  • 1973
    Mikelangelo Loconte, Italian singer
  • 1973
    Shalom Harlow, Canadian supermodel and actress
  • 1974
    Charlie Batch, American football player
  • 1975
    Paula Patton, American actress
  • 1975
    Ronnie O'Sullivan, English snooker player
  • 1976
    Amy Acker, American actress
  • 1976
    Rachel Komisarz, American swimmer
  • 1976
    Xavier Garbajosa, French rugby union footballer
  • 1977
    Peter van der Vlag, Dutch football goalkeeper
  • 1978
    Marcelo Zalayeta, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1978
    Olli Jokinen, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1978
    Pachrapa Chaichua, Thai actress
  • 1979
    Evonne Hsu, Taiwanese singer
  • 1979
    Gareth McAuley, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1979
    Matteo Ferrari, Italian footballer
  • 1979
    Nick Stahl, American actor
  • 1979
    Niklas Hagman, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1980
    Ibrahim Maalouf, Lebanese-born French trumpeter
  • 1980
    Shizuka Ito, Japanese voice actress (seiyū)
  • 1981
    Leila Tong, Hong Kong actress
  • 1982
    Eddy Curry, American basketball player
  • 1982
    Keri Hilson, American singer
  • 1982
    Trai Essex, American football player
  • 1983
    Cooper Cronk, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1983
    Tiffany Weimer, American soccer player
  • 1984
    Chris Solinsky, American distance runner
  • 1985
    Frankie Muniz, American actor
  • 1985
    Josh Smith, American basketball player
  • 1985
    Nico Verdonck, Belgian racing driver
  • 1987
    Tommy Fraser, English footballer
  • 1988
    Miralem Sulejmani, Serbian footballer
  • 1989
    Gregory Tyree Boyce, American actor
  • 1989
    Yuri (Kwon Yu-ri), South Korean singer (Girls’ Generation)

Who Died On December 5?

  • 63 BC
    Publius Cornelius Lentulus (Sura), Roman statesman
  • 1082
    Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona
  • 1355
    John III, Duke of Brabant (b. 1300)
  • 1560
    King Francis II of France (b. 1544)
  • 1570
    Johan Friis, Danish statesman (b. 1494)
  • 1624
    Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (b. 1560)
  • 1654
    Jean François Sarrazin, French writer
  • 1663
    Severo Bonini, Italian composer (b. 1582)
  • 1749
    Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye, French explorer and trader (b. 1685)
  • 1758
    Johann Friedrich Fasch, German composer (b. 1688)
  • 1770
    James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (b. 1692)
  • 1784
    Phillis Wheatley, American poet (b. 1753)
  • 1791
    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer (b. 1756)
  • 1819
    Count Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg-Stolberg, German poet (b. 1750)
  • 1870
    Alexandre Dumas, père, French writer (b. 1802)
  • 1887
    Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (b. 1804)
  • 1891
    Emperor Pedro II of Brazil (b. 1825)
  • 1895
    Chief Gall, Sioux chief (b. 1840)
  • 1918
    Schalk Willem Burger, South African politician (b. 1852)
  • 1925
    Władysław Reymont, Polish writer and Nobel laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1926
    Claude Monet, French impressionist painter (b. 1840)
  • 1931
    Vachel Lindsay, American poet (b. 1879)
  • 1940
    Jan Kubelík, Czech violinist (b. 1880)
  • 1942
    Jock Delves Broughton, British noble (b. 1883)
  • 1946
    Louis Dewis, Belgian post-impressionist painter (b. 1872)
  • 1950
    Sri Aurobindo, Indian spiritual figure (b. 1872)
  • 1951
    Abanindranath Tagore, Indian writer (b. 1871)
  • 1951
    Shoeless Joe Jackson, American baseball player (b. 1889)
  • 1953
    Jorge Negrete, Mexican singer and actor (b. 1911)
  • 1955
    Glenn Luther Martin, American aviation executive (b. 1886)
  • 1961
    Emil Fuchs, German-born American attorney and baseball team owner (b. 1878)
  • 1963
    Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, Pakistani statesman (b. 1892)
  • 1963
    Karl Amadeus Hartmann, German composer (b. 1905)
  • 1965
    Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1966
    Sylvère Maes, Belgian cyclist (b. 1909)
  • 1968
    Fred Clark, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1969
    Claudius Dornier, German aircraft designer (b. 1884)
  • 1969
    Princess Alice of Battenberg (b. 1885)
  • 1973
    Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt, Scottish engineer and inventor (b. 1892)
  • 1977
    Aleksandr Vasilevsky, Soviet military commander (b. 1895)
  • 1979
    Jesse Pearson, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 1983
    Robert Aldrich, American film director (b. 1918)
  • 1986
    Sir Edward Youde, Governor of Hong Kong (b. 1924)
  • 1989
    Sir John Pritchard, English conductor (b. 1921)
  • 1991
    Richard Speck, American mass murderer (b. 1941)
  • 1991
    Robert Karvelas, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 1993
    Doug Hopkins, American guitarist and songwriter (Gin Blossoms) (b. 1961)
  • 1994
    Harry Horner, American art director (b. 1910)
  • 1995
    Charles Evans, British mountaineer and surgeon (b. 1918)
  • 1995
    Gwen Harwood, Australian poet (b. 1920)
  • 1995
    Lisa McPherson, American Scientology victim (b. 1959)
  • 1998
    Al Gore, Sr., American politician (b. 1907)
  • 2001
    Franco Rasetti, Italian physicist (b. 1901)
  • 2002
    Ne Win, Burmese leader (b. 1911)
  • 2002
    Roone Arledge, American sports broadcaster (b. 1931)
  • 2005
    Ed Masry, American lawyer (b. 1932)
  • 2005
    Frits Philips, Dutch businessman (b. 1905)
  • 2005
    Kevin McQuay, Australian businessman (b. 1949)
  • 2006
    David Bronstein, Ukrainian-born chess grandmaster (b. 1924)
  • 2007
    Andrew Imbrie, American composer (b. 1921)
  • 2007
    George Paraskevaides, Greek-Cypriot businessman and philanthropist (b. 1916)
  • 2007
    Karlheinz Stockhausen, German composer (b. 1928)
  • 2008
    Anca Parghel, Romanian jazz singer and composer (b. 1957)
  • 2008
    Constantin Ticu Dumitrescu, Romanian politician (b. 1928)
  • 2008
    Nina Foch, Dutch-born American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2008
    Patriarch Alexy II of Russia, Russian religious figure (b. 1929)
  • 2009
    Princess Vimolchatra of Thailand (b. 1921)
  • 2010
    Alan Armer, American television producer and director (b. 1922)
  • 2010
    Don Meredith, American football player and broadcaster (b. 1938)
  • 2010
    John Leslie, American pornographic actor and filmmaker (b. 1945)
  • 2011
    Gennady Logofet, Russian footballer (b. 1942)
  • 2011
    Peter Gethin, British racing driver (b. 1940)


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