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Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on April 22? There are more than 277 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About April 22

April 22 is the 112nd day of the year 2018. There are 253 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Sunday. This day falls under the 16th week of the year 2018.

On this day in Oak Island, Minnesota 56741 sunrise will occur at 11:12 AM and sunset will occur at 01:23 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Taurus. The modern birthstone for this month is Diamond while the mystical birthstone is Opal.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 289 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 5, 2019).

Birthday curiousity Is April 22 your birthday? Are you not curious to find some fun facts about your birthday? Find out ‘what my birthday mean’ and what was the number one song on my day of birth. Get a free ninja poster! (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For April 22

  • 238
    Year of the Six Emperors: The Roman Senate outlaws emperor Maximinus Thrax for his bloodthirsty proscriptions in Rome and nominates two of its members, Pupienus and Balbinus, to the throne.
  • 1500
    Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral lands in Brazil.
  • 1529
    Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal along a line 297.5 leagues or 17° east of the Moluccas.
  • 1809
    The second day of the Battle of Eckmühl: the Austrian army is defeated by the First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France and driven over the Danube in Regensburg.
  • 1836
    Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto, forces under Texas General Sam Houston capture Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: Grierson’s Raid begins – troops under Union Army Colonel Benjamin Grierson attack central Mississippi.
  • 1864
    The U.S. Congress passes the Coinage Act of 1864 that mandates that the inscription In God We Trust be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.
  • 1876
    The first ever National League is played in Philadelphia.
  • 1889
    At high noon, thousands rush to claim land in the Land Run of 1889. Within hours the cities of Oklahoma City and Guthrie are formed with populations of at least 10,000.
  • 1898
    Spanish-American War: The United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports and the USS Nashville captures a Spanish merchant ship.
  • 1906
    The 1906 Summer Olympics, not now recognized as part of the official Olympic Games, open in Athens.
  • 1912
    Pravda, the “voice” of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, begins publication in Saint Petersburg.
  • 1912
    Tsinghua University, one of mainland China’s leading universities, is founded.
  • 1915
    The use of poison gas in World War I escalates when chlorine gas is released as a chemical weapon in the Second Battle of Ypres.
  • 1930
    The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
  • 1944
    The 1st Air Commando Group using Sikorsky R-4 helicopters stage the first use of helicopters in combat with CSAR operations in the China-Burma-India theater.
  • 1944
    World War II: Operation Persecution is initiated – Allied forces land in the Hollandia (currently known as Jayapura) area of New Guinea.
  • 1945
    World War II: Führerbunker: After learning that Soviet forces have taken Eberswalde without a fight, Adolf Hitler admits defeat in his underground bunker and states that suicide is his only recourse.
  • 1945
    World War II: Prisoners at the Jasenovac concentration camp revolt. 520 are killed and 80 escape.
  • 1948
    1948 Arab-Israeli War: Haifa, a major port of Israel, is captured from Arab forces.
  • 1954
    Red Scare: Witnesses begin testifying and live television coverage of the Army-McCarthy Hearings begins.
  • 1964
    The 1964-1965 New York World’s Fair opens for its first season.
  • 1969
    British yachtsman Sir Robin Knox-Johnston completes the first solo non-stop circumnavigation of the world.
  • 1970
    The first Earth Day is celebrated.
  • 1972
    Vietnam War: Increased American bombing in Vietnam prompts anti-war protests in Los Angeles, New York City, and San Francisco.
  • 1983
    The German magazine Der Stern claims that the “Hitler Diaries” had been found in wreckage in East Germany; the diaries are subsequently revealed to be forgeries.
  • 1992
    In an explosion in Guadalajara, Mexico, 206 people are killed, nearly 500 injured and 15,000 left homeless.
  • 1993
    Version 1.0 of the Mosaic web browser is released.
  • 1997
    Haouch Khemisti massacre in Algeria – 93 villagers killed.
  • 1997
    The Japanese embassy hostage crisis ends in Lima, Peru.
  • 1998
    Disney’s Animal Kingdom opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
  • 2000
    In a pre-dawn raid, federal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives’ home in Miami, Florida.
  • 2000
    Second Battle of Elephant Pass: Tamil Tigers capture a strategic Sri Lankan Army base and hold it for 8 years.
  • 2000
    The Big Number Change takes place in the United Kingdom.
  • 2003
    Election of the fifth Caliph of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
  • 2004
    Two fuel trains collide in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.
  • 2005
    Japan’s Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi apologizes for Japan’s war record.
  • 2006
    243 people are injured in pro-democracy protest in Nepal after Nepali security forces open fire on protesters against King Gyanendra.
  • 2008
    The United States Air Force retires the remaining F-117 Nighthawk aircraft in service.

Who Were Born On April 22?

  • 1451
    Isabella I of Castile (d. 1504)
  • 1592
    Wilhelm Schickard, German mathematician who invented a calculating machine (d. 1635)
  • 1610
    Pope Alexander VIII (d. 1691)
  • 1658
    Giuseppe Torelli, Italian composer (d. 1709)
  • 1690
    John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English statesman (d. 1763)
  • 1692
    James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770)
  • 1707
    Henry Fielding, English author (d. 1754)
  • 1724
    Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (d. 1804)
  • 1744
    James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1808)
  • 1757
    Alessandro Rolla, Italian violin master and composer (d. 1841)
  • 1766
    Madame de Staël, French author (d. 1817)
  • 1812
    Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist (d. 1894)
  • 1816
    Charles Denis Bourbaki, French general (d. 1897)
  • 1832
    Julius Sterling Morton, Arbor Day founder (d. 1902)
  • 1840
    Odilon Redon, French painter (d. 1916)
  • 1844
    Lewis Thornton Powell, would-be assassin of United States Secretary of State William H. Seward (d. 1865)
  • 1852
    Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (d. 1912)
  • 1854
    Henri La Fontaine, Belgian lawyer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1943)
  • 1860
    Ada Rehan, American stage actress (d. 1916)
  • 1868
    Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (d. 1924)
  • 1870
    Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary (d. 1924)
  • 1872
    Princess Margaret of Prussia, queen of Finland (d. 1954)
  • 1873
    Ellen Glasgow, American author (d. 1945)
  • 1876
    Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler (d. 1920)
  • 1876
    Robert Bárány, Austrian physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1881
    Alexander Kerensky, Russian politician (d. 1970)
  • 1884
    Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist (d. 1939)
  • 1886
    Izidor Cankar, Slovenian art historian, essayist and diplomat (d. 1958)
  • 1889
    Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator (d. 1945)
  • 1891
    Harold Jeffreys, English astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1891
    Laura Gilpin, American photographer (d. 1979)
  • 1891
    Nicola Sacco, American anarchist (d. 1927)
  • 1891
    Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (d. 1965)
  • 1892
    Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist (d. 1965)
  • 1899
    Vladimir Nabokov novelist, professor, lepidopterist [O.S. 10 April] (d. 1977)
  • 1904
    J. Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist (d. 1967)
  • 1905
    Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (d. 1991)
  • 1906
    Eddie Albert, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1906
    Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten (d. 1947)
  • 1907
    Ivan Efremov, Russian paleontologist and author (d. 1972)
  • 1909
    Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (d. 2001)
  • 1909
    Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1910
    Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1912
    Kathleen Ferrier, British singer (d. 1953)
  • 1914
    Jan de Hartog, Dutch writer (d. 2002)
  • 1914
    Michael Wittmann, German soldier (d. 1944)
  • 1916
    Yehudi Menuhin, American-born violinist (d. 1999)
  • 1918
    Mickey Vernon, American baseball player (d. 2008)
  • 1918
    William Jay Smith, American poet
  • 1919
    Carl Lindner, Jr., American businessman and philanthropist
  • 1919
    Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1922
    Charles Mingus, American musician (d. 1979)
  • 1922
    Richard Diebenkorn, American artist (d. 1993)
  • 1922
    Wolf V. Vishniac, American microbiologist (d. 1973)
  • 1923
    Aaron Spelling, American television producer (d. 2006)
  • 1923
    Avis Bunnage, English actress (d. 1990)
  • 1923
    Bettie Page, American model (d. 2008)
  • 1925
    George Cole, English actor
  • 1926
    Charlotte Rae, American actress
  • 1926
    James Stirling, British architect (d. 1992)
  • 1927
    Giannis Mihalopoulos, Greek actor
  • 1927
    Laurel Aitken, Jamaican singer (d. 2005)
  • 1929
    Michael Atiyah, British-Lebanese mathematician
  • 1930
    Enno Penno, Estonian politician
  • 1935
    Paul Chambers, American jazz bassist (d. 1969)
  • 1936
    Glen Campbell, American musician
  • 1936
    Pierre Hétu, French Canadian conductor and pianist (d. 1998)
  • 1937
    Jack Nicholson, American actor
  • 1937
    Jack Nitzsche, American composer (d. 2000)
  • 1938
    Adam Raphael, English journalist and author
  • 1938
    Gani Fawehinmi, Nigerian lawyer and political activist (d. 2009)
  • 1939
    Jason Miller, American playwright (d. 2001)
  • 1939
    Mel Carter, American singer
  • 1939
    Theodor Waigel, German politician and finance minister
  • 1943
    Janet Evanovich, American writer
  • 1943
    Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
  • 1944
    Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)
  • 1945
    Demetrio Stratos, Italian musician (d. 1979)
  • 1946
    John Waters, American filmmaker
  • 1946
    Louise Harel, Canadian politician
  • 1946
    Nicole Garcia, French actress and director
  • 1946
    Paul Davies, English physicist, writer and broadcaster
  • 1946
    Steven L. Bennett, USAF Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1972)
  • 1948
    Larry Groce, American singer and songwriter
  • 1950
    Peter Frampton, English musician
  • 1950
    Zygi Wilf, owner of the Minnesota Vikings
  • 1951
    Ana María Shua, Argentine poet
  • 1951
    Paul Carrack, English musician
  • 1952
    François Berléand, French actor
  • 1952
    Marilyn Chambers, American pornographic actress (d. 2009)
  • 1953
    Juhani Komulainen, Finnish composer
  • 1953
    Tom Griswold, American radio personality
  • 1955
    Johnnie To, Hong Kong film director and producer
  • 1957
    Donald Tusk, Polish Prime Minister
  • 1958
    Ken Olandt, American actor
  • 1959
    Catherine Mary Stewart, Canadian actress
  • 1959
    Ryan Stiles, American actor
  • 1959
    Terry Francona, American baseball manager
  • 1960
    Gary Rhodes, English chef
  • 1960
    Mart Laar, Estonian statesman
  • 1960
    Randall L. Stephenson, American business executive
  • 1960
    Tatiana Thumbtzen, American actress, model and dancer
  • 1961
    Dewey Nicks, American photographer and film director
  • 1962
    Jeff Minter, English video game programmer
  • 1963
    Sean Lock, English comedian
  • 1964
    Estelle Asmodelle, actress, model & writer
  • 1965
    Lauri Hendler, actress
  • 1965
    Peter Zezel, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966
    Dana Barron, American actress
  • 1966
    Fletcher Dragge, American guitarist (Pennywise)
  • 1966
    Jeffrey Dean Morgan, American actor
  • 1966
    Mariana Levy, Mexican actress (d. 2005)
  • 1966
    Mickey Morandini, American baseball player and manager
  • 1967
    Harvey Williams, American football player
  • 1967
    Sherri Shepherd, American comedian and actress
  • 1967
    Sheryl Lee, American actress
  • 1968
    Bimbo Coles, American basketball player
  • 1968
    Zarley Zalapski, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969
    Dion Dublin, English footballer
  • 1970
    Andrea Giani, Italian volleyball player
  • 1970
    Regine Velasquez, Filipino singer and actress
  • 1971
    Daisuke Enomoto, Japanese space tourist
  • 1971
    Eric Mabius, American actor
  • 1971
    Ingo Rademacher, German-Australian actor
  • 1972
    Milka Duno, Venezuelan race car driver
  • 1972
    Owen Finegan, Australian rugby union footballer
  • 1972
    Sabine Appelmans, Belgian tennis player
  • 1973
    Adem Poric, Australian footballer
  • 1973
    Brian Marshall, American bassist (Creed)
  • 1973
    Christopher Sabat, American voice actor
  • 1973
    Ofer Talker, Israeli footballer
  • 1974
    Shavo Odadjian, Armenian-American bassist (System of a Down)
  • 1975
    Carlos Sastre, Spanish cyclist
  • 1975
    Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (d. 1999)
  • 1976
    Dan Cloutier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976
    Michał Żewłakow, Polish footballer
  • 1976
    Paul Henderson, Australian footballer
  • 1977
    Aaron Fink, American guitarist (Breaking Benjamin)
  • 1977
    Ambra Angiolini, Italian actress
  • 1977
    Mark van Bommel, Dutch footballer
  • 1978
    Esteban Tuero, Argentinian race car driver
  • 1978
    Ezekiel Jackson, Guyanese professional wrestler
  • 1978
    Jason Stollsteimer, American singer (The Von Bondies)
  • 1978
    Matt Orford, Australian rugby league player
  • 1979
    Daniel Johns, Australian musician (Silverchair)
  • 1979
    Zoltán Gera, Hungarian footballer
  • 1980
    Aaron Michael Metchik, American actor
  • 1980
    Carlos Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1980
    Clarke Dermody, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1980
    Courtney Friel, American sports & entertainment reporter
  • 1980
    Kora Karvouni, Greek actress
  • 1980
    Nicolas Douchez, French footballer
  • 1981
    Ken Dorsey, American football player
  • 1982
    David Purcey, American baseball player
  • 1982
    Joel Monaghan, Australian Rugby League Player
  • 1982
    Kaká, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983
    Evangelos Mantzios, Greek footballer
  • 1983
    Francis Capra, American actor
  • 1983
    Jos Hooiveld, Dutch footballer
  • 1983
    Matt Jones, American football player
  • 1983
    Sam Heads, British entomologist and palaeontologist
  • 1984
    Amelle Berrabah, English singer (Sugababes)
  • 1984
    Michelle Ryan, English actress
  • 1985
    Matt Ballinger, American singer (Dream Street)
  • 1986
    Amber Heard, American actress
  • 1986
    Dušan Šakota, Serbian-Greek basketball player
  • 1986
    Marshawn Lynch, American football player
  • 1987
    David Luiz, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987
    Mikel John Obi, Nigerian footballer
  • 1988
    Amadou Samb, Senegalese footballer
  • 1989
    Dejuan Blair, American basketball player
  • 1989
    Jasper Cillessen, Dutch footballer
  • 1989
    Thomas James Longley, British actor
  • 1990
    Eve Muirhead, Scottish curler

Who Died On April 22?

  • 296
    Pope Caius
  • 455
    Petronius Maximus, Roman Emperor
  • 536
    Pope Agapetus I
  • 613
    Saint Theodore of Sykeon
  • 1592
    Bartolomeo Ammanati, Italian architect (b. 1511)
  • 1672
    Georg Stiernhielm, Swedish poet (b. 1598)
  • 1699
    Hans Erasmus Aßmann, Freiherr von Abschatz, German statesman (b. 1646)
  • 1758
    Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (b. 1686)
  • 1778
    James Hargreaves, English inventor (b. 1720)
  • 1806
    Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (stabbed) (b. 1763)
  • 1833
    Richard Trevithick, English inventor (b. 1771)
  • 1839
    Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet (b. 1784)
  • 1854
    Nicolás Bravo, Mexican politician and soldier (b. 1786)
  • 1877
    James P. Kirkwood, American civil engineer (b. 1807)
  • 1892
    Edouard Lalo, French composer (b. 1823)
  • 1893
    Chaim Aronson, Lithuanian inventor and academic (b. 1825)
  • 1896
    Thomas Meik, British civil engineer (b. 1812)
  • 1908
    Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1836)
  • 1925
    André Caplet, French composer (b. 1878)
  • 1929
    Henry Lerolle, French painter (b. 1848)
  • 1930
    Jeppe Aakjær, Danish poet (b. 1866)
  • 1933
    Sir Henry Royce, British automobile manufacturer (b. 1863)
  • 1944
    Nikolaos Roussen, Greek naval officer in World War II (b. 1913)
  • 1945
    Käthe Kollwitz, German artist (b. 1867)
  • 1945
    Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1946
    Harlan F. Stone, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1872)
  • 1946
    Lionel Atwill, English actor (b. 1885)
  • 1949
    Charles B. Middleton, American actor (b. 1874)
  • 1950
    Charles Hamilton Houston, American civil rights attorney (b. 1895)
  • 1951
    Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (b. 1870)
  • 1968
    Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (b. 1911)
  • 1978
    Will Geer, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1980
    Fritz Strassmann, German physicist (b. 1902)
  • 1980
    Jane Froman, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 1983
    Earl “Fatha” Hines, American jazz pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1983
    John Louis Evans, American convicted murderer (executed) (b. 1950)
  • 1984
    Ansel Adams, American photographer (b. 1902)
  • 1985
    Jacques Ferron, Canadian physician, author and politician (b. 1921)
  • 1985
    Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (b. 1900)
  • 1986
    Mircea Eliade, Romanian writer (b. 1907)
  • 1988
    Irene Rich, American actress (b. 1891)
  • 1990
    Albert Salmi, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1994
    Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States (b. 1913)
  • 1995
    Maggie Kuhn, American activist (b. 1905)
  • 1996
    Erma Bombeck, American humorist (b. 1927)
  • 1996
    Harold “Jug” McSpaden, American professional golfer (b. 1908)
  • 1998
    Kitch Christie, South African rugby coach (b. 1940)
  • 1999
    Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek singer (b. 1938)
  • 1999
    Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician and mindreader (b. 1920)
  • 2002
    Linda Lovelace, American porn actress (b. 1949)
  • 2003
    Felice Bryant, American songwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2003
    Martha Griffiths, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1912)
  • 2003
    Mike Larrabee, American athlete (b. 1933)
  • 2004
    Jason L. Dunham, American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)
  • 2004
    Pat Tillman, American football player and U.S. Army Ranger (killed in action) (b. 1976)
  • 2005
    Erika Fuchs, German translator (b. 1906)
  • 2005
    Norman Bird, UK character actor (b. 1920)
  • 2005
    Philip Morrison, American physicist (b. 1915)
  • 2005
    Robert Farnon, Canadian-born composer and conductor (b. 1917)
  • 2006
    Alida Valli, Italian actress (b. 1921)
  • 2007
    Juanita Millender-McDonald, American congresswoman (b. 1938)
  • 2008
    Ed Chynoweth, Canadian ice hockey executive (b. 1941)
  • 2010
    Richard Barrett, American lawyer and white nationalist (b. 1943)
  • 2011
    Moin Akhter, Pakistani actor (b. 1950)


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