Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on March 3? There are more than 294 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About March 3

March 3 is the 62nd day of the year 2015. There are 303 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Tuesday. This day falls under the 10th week of the year 2015.

On this day in Tamaqua, Pennsylvania 18252 sunrise will occur at 12:33 PM and sunset will occur at 11:57 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Pisces. The modern birthstone for this month is Aquamarine while the mystical birthstone is Jade.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 342 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 8, 2016).

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Historical Events For March 3

  • 1284
    The Statute of Rhuddlan incorporates the Principality of Wales into England.
  • 1575
    Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
  • 1585
    The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.
  • 1776
    American Revolutionary War: The first amphibious landing of the United States Marine Corps begins the Battle of Nassau.
  • 1779
    American Revolutionary War: The Continental Army is routed at the Battle of Brier Creek near Savannah, Georgia.
  • 1820
    The U.S. Congress passes the Missouri Compromise.
  • 1845
    Florida is admitted as the 27th U.S. state.
  • 1857
    Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
  • 1861
    Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs.
  • 1865
    Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
  • 1873
    Censorship in the United States: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any “obscene, lewd, or lascivious” books through the mail.
  • 1875
    Georges Bizet’s opera Carmen receives its première at the Opéra Comique in Paris.
  • 1875
    The first ever organized indoor game of ice hockey is played in Montreal, Canada as recorded in The Montreal Gazette.
  • 1878
    The Russo-Turkish War ends as Bulgaria regains its independence from Ottoman Empire according to the Treaty of San Stefano; shortly after Congress of Berlin stripped its status to an autonomous state of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1885
    The American Telephone & Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York.
  • 1904
    Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison’s phonograph cylinder.
  • 1905
    Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly, the Duma.
  • 1910
    Rockefeller Foundation: J.D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can devote all his time to philanthropy.
  • 1915
    NACA, the predecessor of NASA, is founded.
  • 1918
    Germany, Austria and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ending Russia’s involvement in World War I, and leading to the independence of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
  • 1923
    TIME magazine is published for the first time.
  • 1924
    The 1400-year-old Islamic caliphate is abolished when Caliph Abdul Mejid II of the Ottoman Empire is deposed. The last remnant of the old regime gives way to the reformed Turkey of Kemal Atatürk.
  • 1924
    The Free State of Fiume is annexed by Kingdom of Italy.
  • 1931
    The United States adopts The Star-Spangled Banner as its national anthem.
  • 1938
    Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.
  • 1939
    In Mumbai, Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest at the autocratic rule in India.
  • 1940
    Five people are killed in an arson attack on the offices of the communist newspaper Norrskensflamman in Luleå, Sweden.
  • 1942
    World War II: Ten Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome, Western Australia, killing more than 100 people.
  • 1943
    World War II: In London, England, 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station.
  • 1944
    The Order of Nakhimov and Order of Ushakov are instituted in USSR as the highest naval awards.
  • 1945
    World War II: A former Armia Krajowa unit massacres at least 150 Ukrainian civilians in Pawłokoma, Poland.
  • 1945
    World War II: American and Filipino troops recapture Manila in the Philippines.
  • 1951
    Jackie Brenston, with Ike Turner and his band, records “Rocket 88”, often cited as “the first rock and roll record”, at Sam Phillips’ recording studios in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • 1953
    A Canadian Pacific Airlines De Havilland Comet crashes in Karachi, Pakistan, killing 11.
  • 1958
    Nuri as-Said becomes the prime minister of Iraq for the 14th time.
  • 1969
    Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 9 to test the lunar module.
  • 1972
    Mohawk Airlines Flight 405 crashes as a result of a control malfunction and insufficient training in emergency procedures.
  • 1974
    Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes at Ermenonville near Paris, France killing all 346 aboard.
  • 1980
    The USS Nautilus is decommissioned and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register.
  • 1985
    A magnitude 8.3 earthquake struck the Valparaíso Region of Chile, killing 177 and leaving nearly a million people homeless.
  • 1985
    Arthur Scargill declares that the National Union of Mineworkers national executive voted to end the longest-running industrial dispute in Great Britain without any peace deal over pit closures.
  • 1991
    An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers.
  • 1991
    In concurrent referenda, 74% of the population of Latvia votes for independence from the Soviet Union, and 83% in Estonia.
  • 1991
    United Airlines Flight 585 crashes on approach into Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing 25.
  • 1997
    The tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere, Sky Tower in downtown Auckland, New Zealand, opens after two-and-a-half years of construction.
  • 2002
    Citizens of Switzerland narrowly vote in favor of their country becoming a member of the United Nations.
  • 2004
    Belgian brewer Interbrew and Brazilian rival AmBev agree to merge in a $11.2 billion deal that forms InBev, the world’s largest brewer.
  • 2005
    Mayerthorpe Incident: James Roszko murders four Royal Canadian Mounted Police constables during a drug bust at his property in Rochfort Bridge, Alberta, then commits suicide. It is the deadliest peace-time incident for the RCMP since 1885 and the North-West Rebellion.
  • 2005
    Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane non-stop around the world solo without refueling.
  • 2009
    The building of the Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln (Historical Archives) in Cologne, Germany, collapses.

Who Were Born On March 3?

  • 1455
    King John II of Portugal (d. 1495)
  • 1520
    Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer (d. 1575)
  • 1583
    Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, English diplomat, poet, and philosopher (d. 1648)
  • 1589
    Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologian (d. 1676)
  • 1606
    Edmund Waller, British poet (d. 1687)
  • 1652
    Thomas Otway, British dramatist (d. 1685)
  • 1678
    Madeleine de Verchères, French Canadian heroine (d. 1747)
  • 1756
    William Godwin, English journalist, political philosopher and novelist (d. 1836)
  • 1778
    Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Hanover (d. 1841)
  • 1793
    William Charles Macready, English actor (d. 1873)
  • 1800
    Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (d. 1862)
  • 1805
    Jonas Furrer, first President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1861)
  • 1816
    William James Blacklock, British landscape painter (d. 1858)
  • 1825
    Shiranui Kōemon, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 11th Yokozuna (d. 1879)
  • 1831
    George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (d. 1897)
  • 1839
    Jamsetji Tata, Indian industrialist (d. 1904)
  • 1845
    Georg Cantor, German mathematician (d. 1918)
  • 1847
    Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-Canadian inventor (d. 1922)
  • 1848
    Adelaide Neilson, English actress (d. 1880)
  • 1851
    Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (d. 1911)
  • 1860
    John Montgomery Ward, American baseball player (d. 1925)
  • 1863
    Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
  • 1866
    Fred A. Busse, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1914)
  • 1868
    Émile Chartier, French philosopher, journalist and pacifist (d. 1951)
  • 1869
    Henry Joseph Wood, English conductor (d. 1944)
  • 1871
    Maurice Garin, French cyclist (d. 1957)
  • 1873
    William Green, American labor union leader (d. 1952)
  • 1879
    József Klekl, Slovene writer and journalist (d. 1936)
  • 1880
    Florence Auer, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 1880
    Sir Robert Chapman, British soldier and politician (d. 1963)
  • 1880
    Yōsuke Matsuoka, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan (d. 1946)
  • 1882
    Charles Ponzi, Italian fraud convict (d. 1949)
  • 1883
    Cyril Burt, educational psychologist (d. 1971)
  • 1886
    Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (d. 1968)
  • 1887
    Lincoln J. Beachey, American aviator (d. 1915)
  • 1890
    Edmund Lowe, American silent and early talkie film actor (d. 1971)
  • 1890
    Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor and humanitarian (d. 1939)
  • 1891
    Damaskinos, Archbishop of Athens and Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1949)
  • 1891
    Federico Moreno Torroba, Spanish composer (d. 1982)
  • 1893
    Beatrice Wood, American artist and ceramicist (d. 1998)
  • 1894
    Ethel Grandin, silent film actress (d. 1988)
  • 1895
    Matthew Ridgway, Supreme Allied Commander of NATO, U.S. Army Chief of Staff (d. 1993)
  • 1895
    Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Norwegian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1896
    Leontios, Archbishop of Cyprus (d. 1947)
  • 1898
    Emil Artin, German mathematician (d. 1962)
  • 1901
    Claude Choules, One of two surviving British veterans of World War I
  • 1903
    Vasily Kozlov, Soviet politician (d. 1967)
  • 1910
    Kittens Reichert, American silent screen child actor (d. 1990)
  • 1911
    Harold J. Stone, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1911
    Hugues Lapointe, Canadian politician and Lieutenant governor of Quebec (d. 1982)
  • 1911
    Jean Harlow, American actress (d. 1937)
  • 1914
    Asger Jorn, Danish painter (d. 1973)
  • 1917
    Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist (d. 1952)
  • 1918
    Dr. Arthur Kornberg, American biochemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)
  • 1918
    Fritz Thiedemann, German equestrian (d. 2000)
  • 1920
    James Doohan, Canadian-born actor (d. 2005)
  • 1920
    Julius Boros, American golfer (d. 1994)
  • 1920
    Ronald Searle, British illustrator
  • 1921
    Diana Barrymore, stage & film actress (d. 1960)
  • 1922
    Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1923
    Barney Martin, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1923
    Doc Watson, American musician
  • 1924
    Ali Faik Zaghloul, Egyptian radio presenter (d. 1995)
  • 1924
    Lilian Velez, Filipno actress (d. 1948)
  • 1924
    Tomiichi Murayama, former Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1926
    James Merrill, American poet (d. 1995)
  • 1926
    Joseph Anthony Ferrario, American Catholic prelate (d. 2003)
  • 1926
    Lys Assia, Swiss singer
  • 1927
    Pierre Aubert, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1928
    Gudrun Pausewang, German writer
  • 1930
    Heiner Geißler, German politician
  • 1930
    Ion Iliescu, former President of Romania
  • 1930
    K. S. Rajah, Senior Counsel and former Judicial Commissioner of the Supreme Court of Singapore (d. 2010)
  • 1933
    Alfredo Landa, Spanish actor
  • 1933
    Lee Radziwill, American fashion executive
  • 1933
    Marco Antonio Muñiz, Mexican singer (Los Tres Aces)
  • 1933
    Margaret Fink, Australian film producer
  • 1937
    Bobby Driscoll, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1940
    Germán Castro Caycedo, Colombian writer and journalist
  • 1940
    Jean-Paul Proust, French-born Minister of State of Monaco (d. 2010)
  • 1940
    Owen Spencer-Thomas, English broadcaster, journalist and Anglican clergyman
  • 1940
    Perry Ellis, fashion designer (d. 1986)
  • 1942
    Mike Pender, English singer and guitarist (The Searchers)
  • 1944
    Lee Holdridge, Haitian-American composer
  • 1945
    George Miller, Australian film director
  • 1946
    John Virgo, English snooker player
  • 1947
    Clifton Snider, American poet and writer
  • 1947
    Jennifer Warnes, American singer and songwriter
  • 1947
    Otto Stuppacher, Austrian racing driver (d. 2001)
  • 1948
    Snowy White, British guitarist (Thin Lizzy, Pink Floyd)
  • 1949
    Gloria Hendry, American actress
  • 1949
    Jüri Allik, Estonian psychologist
  • 1949
    Jesse Jefferson, American baseball player
  • 1950
    Tim Kazurinsky, American actor and comedian
  • 1951
    Heizō Takenaka, Japanese economist and retired politician
  • 1951
    Lindsay Cooper, English musician and composer (Henry Cow, News from Babel)
  • 1952
    Rudy Fernandez, Filipino actor (d. 2008)
  • 1953
    Robyn Hitchcock, British musician
  • 1953
    Zico, Brazilian footballer
  • 1954
    Édouard Lock, Canadian dance choreographer (La La La Human Steps)
  • 1954
    Jorge José Emiliano dos Santos Brazilian football referee (d. 1995)
  • 1955
    Andy Breckman, American comedian and radio personality
  • 1955
    Darnell Williams, British actor
  • 1956
    Zbigniew Boniek, Polish footballer
  • 1957
    Thom Hoffman, Dutch actor and photographer
  • 1958
    Miranda Richardson, British actress
  • 1959
    Duško Vujošević, Montenegrin basketball coach
  • 1959
    Ira Glass, American radio host
  • 1960
    Colin Wells, English cricketer
  • 1960
    Neal Heaton, American baseball player coach
  • 1961
    Fatima Whitbread, English javelin thrower
  • 1961
    John Matteson, American biographer
  • 1961
    Knut Nærum, Norwegian comedian
  • 1961
    Mary Page Keller, American actress
  • 1961
    Perry McCarthy, English racing driver
  • 1962
    Glen E. Friedman, American photographer and artist
  • 1962
    Herschel Walker, American football player
  • 1962
    Jackie Joyner-Kersee, American athlete
  • 1963
    Sophia Aliberti, Greek actress and TV presenter
  • 1964
    Laura Harring, Mexican-born American actress
  • 1964
    Raúl Alcalá, Mexican cyclist
  • 1965
    Dragan Stojković, Serbian footballer
  • 1966
    Fernando Colunga, Mexican actor
  • 1966
    Timo Tolkki, Finnish musician (Stratovarius)
  • 1966
    Tone Lōc, American rapper and actor
  • 1967
    Go Mi-Young, South Korean female mountaineer (d. 2009)
  • 1968
    Brian Cox, British physicist and television presenter
  • 1968
    Brian Leetch, American ice hockey player
  • 1968
    Scott Radinsky, American musician (Pulley, Ten Foot Pole)
  • 1969
    Simon Whitlock, Australian darts player
  • 1970
    Inzamam-ul-Haq, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1970
    Julie Bowen, American actress
  • 1971
    Charlie Brooker, English comedian, writer and broadcaster
  • 1971
    Tyler Florence, chef, television personality and cookbook author
  • 1972
    Darren Anderton, English footballer
  • 1973
    Matthew Marsden, English actor and singer
  • 1973
    Romāns Vainšteins, Latvian cyclist
  • 1973
    Victoria Zdrok, Ukrainian model
  • 1974
    David Faustino, American actor
  • 1974
    Paula Malai Ali, Malaysian-Bruneian TV presenter and actress
  • 1975
    Aleksandr Abdulkhalikov, Russian professional footballer
  • 1975
    Aleksei Abdulkhalikov, Russian professional footballer
  • 1976
    Fraser Gehrig, Australian Rules footballer
  • 1977
    Ronan Keating, Irish singer
  • 1977
    Stéphane Robidas, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978
    Ashwin Madia, U.S. politician
  • 1978
    Ilias Anastasakos, Greek footballer
  • 1978
    Matt Diaz, American baseball player
  • 1978
    Seomoon Tak, Korean singer
  • 1979
    Albert Jorquera, Spanish footballer
  • 1979
    Alex Zane, English comedian
  • 1979
    Manuel Benthin, German footballer
  • 1979
    Patrick Renna, American actor
  • 1980
    Mason Unck, American football player
  • 1981
    Dusty Dvoracek, American football player
  • 1981
    Emmanuel Pappoe, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1981
    Julius Malema, South African politician
  • 1981
    Kim Yoo-Jin (Eugene), South Korean singer and actress
  • 1981
    Lil' Flip, American rapper
  • 1981
    Paul Lloyd, Jr., South African professional wrestler
  • 1981
    Sung Yu Ri, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1982
    Colton Orr, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982
    Derreck Robinson, American football player
  • 1982
    Jessica Biel, American actress
  • 1982
    Martin Hauswald, German footballer
  • 1983
    Ashley Hansen, Australian Rules footballer
  • 1983
    Chris Roberson, American football player
  • 1983
    Sarah Poewe, South African swimmer
  • 1984
    Alexander Semin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1984
    Hayley Marie Norman. American actress
  • 1984
    Santonio Holmes, American football player
  • 1984
    Valerio Bernabò, Italian rugby player
  • 1985
    Sam Morrow, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1986
    Jed Collins, American football player
  • 1986
    Stacie Orrico, American singer
  • 1988
    Christa-Elizabeth Goulakos, Greek-Canadian ice dancer
  • 1988
    Jan-Arie van der Heijden, Dutch footballer
  • 1988
    Michael Morrison, English footballer
  • 1988
    Riccardo Bocchino, Italian rugby player
  • 1990
    Vladimir Janković, Greek-Serbian basketball player
  • 1992
    Jordy Lucas, Australian actress

Who Died On March 3?

  • 1111
    Bohemund I, Prince of Antioch
  • 1239
    Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (b. 1187)
  • 1459
    Ausiàs March, Catalan poet (b. 1397)
  • 1554
    John Frederick, Elector of Saxony (b. 1503)
  • 1606
    Nyaungyan Min, King of Burma (b. 1557)
  • 1703
    Robert Hooke, English scientist (b. 1635)
  • 1706
    Johann Pachelbel, German composer (b. 1653)
  • 1707
    Aurangzeb, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1618)
  • 1717
    Pierre Allix, French Protestant pastor (b. 1641)
  • 1744
    Jean Barbeyrac, French jurist (b. 1674)
  • 1765
    William Stukeley, English archaeologist (b. 1687)
  • 1768
    Nicola Porpora, Italian composer (b. 1686)
  • 1792
    Robert Adam, Scottish architect (b. 1728)
  • 1850
    Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (b. 1806)
  • 1894
    Ned Williamson, American baseball player (b. 1857)
  • 1899
    William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (b. 1827)
  • 1920
    Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter (b. 1840)
  • 1927
    J.G. Parry-Thomas, Welsh motor-racing driver (b. 1884)
  • 1927
    Mikhail Artsybashev, Russian writer (b. 1878)
  • 1929
    Katharine Wright, teacher, sister of the Wright Brothers (b. 1874)
  • 1932
    Eugen d'Albert, German composer (b. 1864)
  • 1943
    George Thompson, English cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1953
    James J. Jeffries, American heavyweight boxer (b. 1875)
  • 1959
    Lou Costello, American actor and comedian (b. 1906)
  • 1961
    Paul Wittgenstein, Austrian-born pianist (b. 1887)
  • 1966
    Alice Pearce, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 1966
    Joseph Fields, American playwright, theatre director, screenwriter, and film producer (b. 1895)
  • 1966
    William Frawley, American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1977
    Percy Marmont, British/American actor (b. 1883)
  • 1982
    Georges Perec, French writer (b. 1936)
  • 1983
    Arthur Koestler, Austrian writer (b. 1905)
  • 1983
    Hergé, Belgian comics creator (b. 1907)
  • 1987
    Danny Kaye, American actor, singer, and comedian (b. 1913)
  • 1988
    Sewall Wright, American biologist (b. 1889)
  • 1990
    Gérard Blitz, Belgian waterpoloist and entrepreneur (b. 1912)
  • 1991
    Arthur Murray, American dancer and dance instructor (b. 1895)
  • 1993
    Albert Sabin, Polish-born medical researcher (b. 1906)
  • 1993
    Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-born gangster (b. 1910)
  • 1993
    Carlos Montoya, flamenco guitarist (b. 1903)
  • 1993
    Mel Bradford, American literary critic (b. 1934)
  • 1995
    Howard W. Hunter, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1907)
  • 1996
    John Krol, American cardinal (b. 1910)
  • 1996
    Marguerite Duras, French writer (b. 1914)
  • 1998
    Fred Friendly, American broadcast executive (b. 1915)
  • 1999
    Gerhard Herzberg, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 2000
    Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and alpinist (b. 1904)
  • 2001
    Eugene Sledge, U.S. Marine and American author (b. 1923)
  • 2001
    Louis Edmonds, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2002
    Harlan Howard, American musician (b. 1927)
  • 2003
    Goffredo Petrassi, Italian composer (b. 1904)
  • 2003
    Horst Buchholz, German actor (b. 1933)
  • 2003
    Luis Marden, American photojournalist (b. 1913)
  • 2003
    Peter Smithson, English architect (b. 1923)
  • 2004
    Cecily Adams, American actress and casting director (b. 1958)
  • 2005
    Max M. Fisher, American philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2006
    Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet (b. 1923)
  • 2006
    William Herskovic, Holocaust hero and philanthropist (b. 1914)
  • 2007
    Osvaldo Cavandoli, Italian cartoonist, creator of La Linea (b. 1920)
  • 2008
    Giuseppe Di Stefano, Italian operatic tenor (b. 1921)
  • 2008
    Norman Smith, English singer and record producer (b. 1923)
  • 2010
    Keith Alexander, British football manager (b. 1956)
  • 2010
    Michael Foot, British politician (b. 1913)
  • 2011
    May Cutler, Canadian politician and publisher (b. 1923)

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