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Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on July 18? There are more than 256 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 18

July 18 is the 199th day of the year 2018. There are 166 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Wednesday. This day falls under the 29th week of the year 2018.

On this day in Kellogg, Idaho 83837 sunrise will occur at 10:06 AM and sunset will occur at 01:34 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Cancer. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 202 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 5, 2019).

Birthday curiousity Is July 18 your birthday? Are you not curious to find some fun facts about your birthday? Find out ‘what my birthday mean’ and what was the number one song on my day of birth. Get a free ninja poster! (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For July 18

  • 390 BCE
    Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia – a Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.
  • 362
    Roman-Persian Wars: Emperor Julian arrives at Antioch with a Roman expeditionary force (60,000 men) and stays there for nine months to launch a campaign against the Persian Empire.
  • 1290
    King Edward I of England issues the Edict of Expulsion, banishing all Jews (numbering about 16,000) from England; this was Tisha B'Av on the Hebrew calendar, a day that commemorates many Jewish calamities.
  • 1334
    The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
  • 1389
    Kingdom of France and Kingdom of England agree to the Truce of Leulinghem, in inaugurating a 13 year peace; the longest period of sustained peace during the Hundred Years War.
  • 1656
    Polish-Lithuanian forces clash with Sweden and its Brandenburg allies in the start of what is to be known as The Battle of Warsaw which ends in a decisive Swedish victory.
  • 1812
    The Treaties of Orebro end both the Anglo-Russian and Anglo-Swedish Wars.
  • 1857
    Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall’s war against the French.
  • 1862
    First ascent of Dent Blanche, one of the highest summits in the Alps.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: Battle of Fort Wagner/Morris Island – the first formal African American military unit, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, fails in their assault on Confederate-held Battery Wagner.
  • 1870
    The First Vatican Council decrees the dogma of papal infallibility.
  • 1914
    The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, giving definite status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time.
  • 1925
    Adolf Hitler publishes his personal manifesto Mein Kampf.
  • 1942
    World War II: the Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time.
  • 1944
    World War II: Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort.
  • 1955
    The first Disneyland theme park, in Anaheim, California, officially opens to the public.
  • 1966
    Human spaceflight: Gemini 10 is launched from Cape Kennedy on a 70-hour mission that includes docking with an orbiting Agena target vehicle.
  • 1968
    The Intel Corporation is founded in Santa Clara, California.
  • 1969
    After a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Senator Ted Kennedy from Massachusetts drives an Oldsmobile off a bridge and his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, dies.
  • 1976
    Nadia Comăneci became the first person in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
  • 1982
    268 campesinos (“peasants” or “country people”) are slain in the Plan de Sánchez massacre in Ríos Montt’s Guatemala.
  • 1984
    McDonald’s massacre in San Ysidro, California: in a fast-food restaurant, James Oliver Huberty opens fire, killing 21 people and injuring 19 others before being shot dead by police.
  • 1986
    A tornado is broadcast live on KARE television in Minnesota when the station’s helicopter pilot makes a chance encounter.
  • 1992
    The ten victims of the La Cantuta massacre disappear from their university in Lima.
  • 1994
    The bombing of the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (Argentinian Jewish Communal Center) in Buenos Aires kills 85 people (mostly Jewish) and injures 300.
  • 1995
    On the Caribbean island of Montserrat, the Soufriere Hills volcano erupts. Over the course of several years, it devastates the island, destroying the capital and forcing most of the population to flee.
  • 1996
    Battle of Mullaitivu. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam capture the Sri Lanka Army’s base, killing over 1200 Army soldiers.
  • 1996
    Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Quebec’s costliest natural disasters ever.

Who Were Born On July 18?

  • 1501
    Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (d. 1526)
  • 1504
    Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer (d. 1575)
  • 1552
    Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1612)
  • 1634
    Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1695)
  • 1635
    Robert Hooke, English scientist (d. 1703)
  • 1659
    Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (d. 1743)
  • 1670
    Giovanni Bononcini, Italian composer (d. 1747)
  • 1718
    Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (d. 1808)
  • 1720
    Gilbert White, English ornithologist (d. 1793)
  • 1797
    Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1879)
  • 1811
    William Makepeace Thackeray, English author (d. 1863)
  • 1818
    Louis De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (d. 1896)
  • 1821
    Pauline Viardot, French mezzo-soprano and composer (d. 1910)
  • 1837
    Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1873)
  • 1845
    Tristan Corbière, French poet (d. 1875)
  • 1848
    W. G. Grace, English cricketer (d. 1915)
  • 1850
    Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (d. 1939)
  • 1853
    Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)
  • 1862
    Nikolai Nikolaevich Yudenich, Russian general (d. 1933)
  • 1864
    Phillip Snowden, British politician (d. 1937)
  • 1867
    Margaret Brown, American activist, philanthropist, and RMS Titanic passenger (d. 1932)
  • 1871
    Sada Yacco, Japanese stage actress (d. 1946)
  • 1881
    Larry McLean, baseball player (d. 1921)
  • 1884
    Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (d. 1979)
  • 1886
    Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr., American general (d. 1945)
  • 1887
    Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian soldier, politician and convicted traitor (d. 1945)
  • 1890
    Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1983)
  • 1892
    Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian football player (d. 1969)
  • 1895
    George “Machine Gun Kelly” Barnes, American gangster (d. 1954)
  • 1895
    Olga Spessivtseva, Russian ballerina (d. 1991)
  • 1897
    E. A. D. Eldridge, British racing driver (d. 1935)
  • 1898
    John Stuart, Scottish actor (d. 1979)
  • 1899
    Ernst Scheller, German Nazi politician (d. 1942)
  • 1900
    Nathalie Sarraute, French writer (d. 1999)
  • 1902
    Jessamyn West, American writer (d. 1984)
  • 1903
    Chill Wills, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1906
    Clifford Odets, American writer (d. 1963)
  • 1906
    S. I. Hayakawa, American semanticist and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1908
    Lupe Vélez, Mexican actress (d. 1944)
  • 1908
    Mildred Lisette Norman, American peace activist, earned the moniker Peace Pilgrim (d. 1981)
  • 1909
    Andrei Gromyko, Soviet diplomat and President (d. 1989)
  • 1909
    Harriet Nelson, American singer and actress (d. 1994)
  • 1909
    Mohammed Daoud Khan, President of Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • 1910
    Diptendu Pramanick, Indian film personality (d.1989)
  • 1911
    Hume Cronyn, Canadian actor (d. 2003)
  • 1912
    Max Rousié, French rugby footballer (d. 1950)
  • 1913
    Red Skelton, American actor and comedian (d. 1997)
  • 1914
    Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (d. 2000)
  • 1916
    Johnny Hopp, baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1917
    Henri Salvador, French singer (d. 2008)
  • 1918
    Nelson Mandela, South African politician, President (1994-1999); Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • 1920
    Eric Brandon, British racing driver (d. 1982)
  • 1921
    John Glenn, American astronaut and politician
  • 1921
    Richard Leacock, documentary filmmaker, Pioneer of Cinéma Vérité (d. 2011)
  • 1922
    Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher (d. 1996)
  • 1923
    Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)
  • 1924
    Inge Sørensen, Danish swimmer (d. 2011)
  • 1925
    Hubert Doggart, English cricketer
  • 1925
    Shirley Strickland, Australian athlete (d. 2004)
  • 1926
    Margaret Laurence, Canadian writer (d. 1987)
  • 1926
    Robert Sloman, writer (d. 2005)
  • 1927
    Kurt Masur, Silesian-born conductor
  • 1929
    Dick Button, American figure skater
  • 1929
    Screamin' Jay Hawkins, American singer (d. 2000)
  • 1930
    Burt Kwouk, English actor
  • 1932
    Robert Ellis Miller, American film director
  • 1933
    Jean Yanne, French film actor and director (d. 2003)
  • 1933
    Syd Mead, American industrial and conceptual designer
  • 1933
    Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet
  • 1934
    Darlene Conley, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1934
    Roger Reynolds, American composer and teacher
  • 1935
    Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader
  • 1936
    Ted Harris, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1937
    Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 2005)
  • 1937
    Roald Hoffman, Polish-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1938
    Ian Stewart, Scottish pianist (d. 1985)
  • 1938
    Paul Verhoeven, Dutch film director
  • 1939
    Brian Auger, British musician
  • 1939
    Dion DiMucci, American singer
  • 1939
    Edward Gramlich, American economics professor (d. 2007)
  • 1939
    Jerry Moore, American football coach
  • 1940
    James Brolin, American actor
  • 1940
    Joe Torre, American baseball player and manager
  • 1941
    Frank Farian, German music producer
  • 1941
    Lonnie Mack, American guitarist and singer
  • 1941
    Martha Reeves, American singer
  • 1942
    Adolf Ogi, Swiss politician
  • 1942
    Bobby Susser, American songwriter and record producer
  • 1942
    Giacinto Facchetti, Italian footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1944
    David Hemery, British athlete
  • 1946
    Doug McFarland, American politician
  • 1946
    Leo Madder, Belgian actor
  • 1947
    Steve Forbes, American entrepreneur and politician
  • 1947
    Steven W. Mahoney, Canadian politician
  • 1948
    Carlos Colón, Sr., Puerto Rican professional wrestler
  • 1948
    Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1949
    Dennis Lillee, Australian cricketer
  • 1950
    Glenn Hughes, American singer (Village People) (d. 2001)
  • 1950
    Jack Layton, Canadian politician (d. 2011)
  • 1950
    Jerome Barkum, American football player
  • 1950
    Kostas Eleftherakis, Greek footballer
  • 1950
    Mark Udall, American politician
  • 1950
    Sir Richard Branson, British entrepreneur
  • 1951
    Elio Di Rupo, Belgian politician
  • 1951
    Margo Martindale, American actress
  • 1953
    Warren Wiebe, American singer (d. 1998)
  • 1954
    Ricky Skaggs, American country/bluegrass musician
  • 1955
    Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor
  • 1955
    Terry Chambers, English drummer (XTC)
  • 1956
    Razor Shines, American baseball player, manager and coach
  • 1957
    Keith Levene, English musician (Public Image Limited)
  • 1957
    Sir Nick Faldo, English golfer
  • 1960
    Anne-Marie Johnson, American actress
  • 1961
    Alan Pardew, English football manager
  • 1961
    Elizabeth McGovern, American actress
  • 1961
    M.J. Alexander, American author and photographer
  • 1962
    Jack Irons, American drummer
  • 1962
    Jensen Buchanan, American actress
  • 1962
    Lee Arenberg, American actor
  • 1962
    Shaun Micallef, Australian comedian
  • 1963
    Al Snow, American professional wrestler
  • 1963
    Martín Torrijos Espino, President of Panama
  • 1963
    Mike Greenwell, baseball player
  • 1964
    Wendy Williams, radio host
  • 1965
    Jim Bob Duggar, Arkansas politician and patriarch of the Duggar family
  • 1965
    Vesselina Kasarova, Bulgarian opera singer
  • 1966
    Lori Alan, American actress
  • 1967
    Vin Diesel, American actor
  • 1968
    Alex Désert, Haitian-American actor and musician
  • 1968
    Grant Bowler, Australian actor
  • 1969
    Masanori Murakawa, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1970
    Cheryl Casone, American news anchor
  • 1971
    Penny Hardaway, American basketball player
  • 1971
    Sarah McLeod, New Zealand actress
  • 1974
    Alan Morrison, British poet
  • 1975
    Daron Malakian, American guitarist (System of a Down, Scars on Broadway)
  • 1975
    Torii Hunter, baseball player
  • 1976
    Elsa Pataky, Spanish actress
  • 1976
    Valerie Cruz, American actress
  • 1977
    Alfian bin Sa'at, Singaporean writer, poet and playwright
  • 1977
    Dylan Lane, American television host
  • 1977
    Kelly Reilly, English actress
  • 1978
    Annie Mac, British DJ
  • 1978
    Ben Sheets, American baseball player
  • 1978
    Mélissa Theuriau, French newscaster
  • 1978
    Shane Horgan, Irish rugby player
  • 1978
    Verónica Romeo, Spanish singer
  • 1979
    Deion Branch, American football player
  • 1979
    Jared Hess, American film director and screenwriter
  • 1979
    Jason Weaver, American actor
  • 1979
    Jermaine Paul, American musician
  • 1979
    Joey Mercury, American professional wrestler
  • 1980
    Kristen Bell, American actress
  • 1980
    Ryōko Hirosue, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1982
    Priyanka Chopra, Indian actress and beauty queen
  • 1982
    Ryan Cabrera, American musician and TV host
  • 1983
    Carlos Diogo, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1985
    Chace Crawford, American actor
  • 1985
    Panagiotis Lagos, Greek footballer
  • 1988
    César Villaluz, Mexican footballer
  • 1989
    Sebastian Mielitz, German footballer
  • 1991
    Karina Pasian, American singer and pianist
  • 1993
    Lee Taemin, South Korean singer, dancer and actor (Shinee)
  • 2004
    Giuliano Stroe, Romanian weightlifter and bodybuilder

Who Died On July 18?

  • 715
    Muhammad bin Qasim (b. 695)
  • 1100
    Godfrey of Bouillon, Protector of the Holy Sepulcher
  • 1300
    Gerard Segarelli, founder of the Apostolic Brethren
  • 1488
    Alvise Cadamosto, Italian explorer (b. 1432)
  • 1591
    Jacobus Gallus, Slovenian composer (b. 1550)
  • 1608
    Joachim Friedrich, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1546)
  • 1610
    Caravaggio, Italian artist (b. 1573)
  • 1639
    Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, German general (b. 1604)
  • 1695
    Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1634)
  • 1698
    Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (b. 1633)
  • 1721
    Antoine Watteau, French painter (b. 1684)
  • 1730
    François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (b. 1644)
  • 1756
    Pieter Langendijk, Dutch dramatist and poet (b. 1683); other date proposed is July 9 (see)
  • 1792
    John Paul Jones, American naval commander (b. 1747)
  • 1817
    Jane Austen, English novelist (b. 1775)
  • 1863
    Robert Gould Shaw, American military officer (b. 1837)
  • 1872
    Benito Juárez, President of Mexico (b. 1806)
  • 1884
    Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (b. 1829)
  • 1892
    Thomas Cook, English travel agent (b. 1808)
  • 1899
    Horatio Alger, Jr., American writer (b. 1832)
  • 1916
    Benjamin C. Truman, American journalist and author (b. 1835)
  • 1918
    Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (b. 1864)
  • 1925
    Louis Nazaire Bégin, Roman Catholic cardinal and Archbishop of Quebec (b. 1840)
  • 1937
    Julian Bell, British poet (b. 1908)
  • 1938
    Queen Marie of Romania (b. 1875)
  • 1944
    Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet and author (b. 1870)
  • 1948
    Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian and politician (b. 1877)
  • 1949
    Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer (b. 1870)
  • 1952
    Jack Earle, American actor and sideshow performer (b. 1906)
  • 1952
    Paul Saintenoy, Belgian architect (b. 1862)
  • 1953
    Lucy Booth, daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1868)
  • 1954
    George “Machine Gun Kelly” Barnes, American gangster (b. 1895)
  • 1966
    Bobby Fuller, American rock singer (b. 1942)
  • 1968
    Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1969
    Mary Jo Kopechne, American Robert F. Kennedy campaign worker (b. 1940)
  • 1973
    Jack Hawkins, English film actor (b. 1910)
  • 1982
    Lionel Daunais, French-Canadian singer and composer (b. 1902)
  • 1985
    Louisa Ghijs, Belgian stage actress and wife of Johannes Heesters (b. 1902)
  • 1985
    Shahnawaz Bhutto, son of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (b. 1958)
  • 1988
    Joly Braga Santos, Portuguese composer and conductor (b. 1924)
  • 1988
    Nico, German model and singer (b. 1938)
  • 1989
    Donnie Moore, American baseball player (b. 1954)
  • 1989
    Marika Nezer, Greek actress (b. 1906)
  • 1989
    Rebecca Schaeffer, American actress (b. 1967)
  • 1990
    Gerry Boulet, Quebec rock singer (b. 1946)
  • 1990
    Johnny Wayne, Canadian comedian (b. 1918)
  • 1990
    Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (b. 1896)
  • 1990
    Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (b. 1897)
  • 1995
    Fabio Casartelli, Italian cyclist (b. 1970)
  • 1995
    Srinagarindra, Mother of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand (b. 1900)
  • 1997
    Eugene Merle Shoemaker, American astronomer (b. 1928)
  • 1999
    Meir Ariel, Israeli singer-songwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2001
    Fabio Taglioni, Italian motorcycle designer and engineer (b. 1920)
  • 2001
    James Hatfield, American author (b. 1958)
  • 2002
    Victor Emery, British theoretical physicist (b. 1933)
  • 2004
    Émile Peynaud, French oenologist (b. 1912)
  • 2004
    Paul Foot, British journalist (b. 1937)
  • 2005
    Bill Hicke, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1938)
  • 2005
    William Westmoreland, American military officer (b. 1914)
  • 2007
    George Caiazzo, American professional wrestler (b. 1969)
  • 2007
    Jerry Hadley, American opera singer, (b. 1952)
  • 2007
    Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese politician (b. 1908)
  • 2008
    Khosrow Shakibai, Iranian actor (b. 1944)
  • 2009
    Henry Allingham, British supercentenarian and World War I veteran (b. 1896)
  • 2009
    Jill Balcon, British actress (b. 1925)


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