Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on April 21? There are more than 233 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About April 21

April 21 is the 111st day of the year 2015. There are 254 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Tuesday. This day falls under the 17th week of the year 2015.

On this day in Panama City, Florida 32412 sunrise will occur at 12:08 PM and sunset will occur at 01:14 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Taurus. The modern birthstone for this month is Diamond while the mystical birthstone is Opal.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 293 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 8, 2016).

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Historical Events For April 21

  • 753 BC
    Romulus and Remus founded Rome (traditional date).
  • 43 BC
    Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Antony fails to capture Mutina and Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly after.
  • 900
    The Laguna Copperplate Inscription: the Honourable Namwaran and his children, Lady Angkatan and Bukah, are granted pardon from all their debts by the Commander and Chief of Tundun, as represented by the Honourable Jayadewa, Lord Minister of Pailah. Luzon, Philippines.
  • 1509
    Henry VIII ascends the throne of England on the death of his father, Henry VII.
  • 1519
    Hernán Cortés lands in Veracruz, Veracruz
  • 1792
    Tiradentes, a revolutionary leading a movement for Brazil’s independence, is hanged, drawn and quartered.
  • 1809
    Two Austrian army corps are driven from Landshut by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France as two French corps to the north hold off the main Austrian army on the first day of the Battle of Eckmühl.
  • 1836
    Texas Revolution: The Battle of San Jacinto – Republic of Texas forces under Sam Houston defeat troops under Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
  • 1863
    Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, declares his mission as “He whom God shall make manifest”.
  • 1894
    Norway formally adopts the Krag-Jørgensen rifle as the main arm of its armed forces, a weapon that would remain in service for almost 50 years.
  • 1918
    World War I: German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen, known as “The Red Baron”, is shot down and killed over Vaux-sur-Somme in France.
  • 1922
    The first Aggie Muster is held as a remembrance for fellow Texas A&M graduates who had died in the previous year.
  • 1934
    The “Surgeon’s Photograph”, the most famous photo allegedly showing the Loch Ness Monster, is published in the Daily Mail (in 1999, it is revealed to be a hoax).
  • 1941
    Emmanouil Tsouderos becomes the 132nd Prime Minister of Greece.
  • 1942
    World War II: The most famous (and first international) Aggie Muster is held on the Philippine island of Corregidor, by Brigadier General George F. Moore (with 25 fellow Texas A&M graduates who are under his command), while 1.8 million pounds of shells pounded the island over a 5 hour attack.
  • 1945
    World War II: Soviet Union forces south of Berlin at Zossen attack the German High Command headquarters.
  • 1952
    Secretary‘s Day (now Administrative Professionals’Day) is first celebrated.
  • 1960
    Brasília, Brazil’s capital, is officially inaugurated. At 9:30 am the Three Powers of the Republic are simultaneously transferred from the old capital, Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1960
    Founding of the Orthodox Bahá'í Faith in Washington, D.C.
  • 1962
    The Seattle World’s Fair (Century 21 Exposition) opens. It is the first World’s Fair in the United States since World War II.
  • 1963
    The Universal House of Justice of the Bahá'í Faith is elected for the first time.
  • 1964
    A Transit-5bn satellite fails to reach orbit after launch; as it re-enters the atmosphere, 2.1 lb of radioactive plutonium in its SNAP RTG power source is widely dispersed.
  • 1965
    The 1964-1965 New York World’s Fair opens for its second and final season.
  • 1966
    Rastafari movement: Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Jamaica, an event now celebrated as Grounation Day.
  • 1967
    Greek military junta of 1967–1974: A few days before the general election in Greece, Colonel George Papadopoulos leads a coup d'état, establishing a military regime that lasts for seven years.
  • 1970
    The Hutt River Province Principality secedes from Australia.
  • 1975
    Vietnam War: President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu flees Saigon, as Xuan Loc, the last South Vietnamese outpost blocking a direct North Vietnamese assault on Saigon, falls.
  • 1982
    Baseball: Rollie Fingers of the Milwaukee Brewers becomes the first pitcher to record 300 saves.
  • 1987
    The Tamil Tigers are blamed for a car bomb that explodes in the Sri Lankan city of Colombo, killing 106 people.
  • 1989
    Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989: In Beijing, around 100,000 students gather in Tiananmen Square to commemorate Chinese reform leader Hu Yaobang.
  • 1993
    The Supreme Court in La Paz, Bolivia, sentences former dictator Luis Garcia Meza to 30 years in jail without parole for murder, theft, fraud and violating the constitution.
  • 1994
    The first discoveries of extrasolar planets are announced by astronomer Alexander Wolszczan.
  • 2004
    Five suicide car bombers target police stations in and around Basra, killing 74 people and wounding 160.

Who Were Born On April 21?

  • 1555
    Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1619)
  • 1651
    Blessed Joseph Vaz, Apostle of Ceylon (d. 1711)
  • 1652
    Michel Rolle, French mathematician (d. 1719)
  • 1671
    John Law, Scottish economist (d. 1729)
  • 1673
    Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1742)
  • 1713
    Louis, 4th duc de Noailles, Marshal of France (d. 1793)
  • 1729
    Catherine II of Russia, known as ‘Catherine the Great’(d. 1796)
  • 1767
    Elisabeth of Württemberg, Archduchess of Austria (d. 1790)
  • 1774
    Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (d. 1862)
  • 1775
    Alexander Anderson, American illustrator (d. 1870)
  • 1810
    John Putnam Chapin, American politician (d. 1864)
  • 1811
    Alson Sherman, American politician (d. 1903)
  • 1814
    Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts, English philanthropist (d. 1906)
  • 1816
    Charlotte Brontë, English author (d. 1855)
  • 1837
    Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, Nobel laureate (d. 1922)
  • 1838
    John Muir, Scottish-born American environmentalist (d. 1914)
  • 1851
    Charles Barrois, French geologist (d. 1939)
  • 1854
    William Stang, Roman Catholic Bishop (d. 1907)
  • 1864
    Max Weber, German economist and sociologist (d. 1920)
  • 1870
    Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer (d. 1941)
  • 1879
    Raden Ayu Kartini, Indonesian national figure (d. 1904)
  • 1882
    Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1887
    Joe McCarthy, American baseball manager (d. 1978)
  • 1889
    Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1898
    Maurice Wilson, Everest climber, Yorkshire hero (d. 1934)
  • 1904
    Odilo Globocnik, Austrian Nazi (d. 1945)
  • 1905
    Edmund G. “Pat” Brown, Governor of California (d. 1996)
  • 1906
    Stephen Tennant, English socialite (d. 1987)
  • 1907
    Wade Mainer, American singer and banjoist
  • 1911
    Ivan Combe, American inventor (d. 2000)
  • 1911
    Leonard Warren, American opera baritone (d. 1960)
  • 1912
    Marcel Camus, French film director (d. 1982)
  • 1914
    Angelo Savoldi, Italian-American wrestler
  • 1914
    Norman Panama, American screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1915
    Anthony Quinn, Mexican-born American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1915
    Garrett Hardin, American ecologist (d. 2003)
  • 1918
    Eddy Christiani, Dutch singer and guitarist
  • 1919
    Don Cornell, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1920
    Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (d. 1991)
  • 1920
    Ronald Magill, British actor (d. 2007)
  • 1923
    John Mortimer, English barrister and writer (d. 2009)
  • 1924
    Ira Louvin, Country music singer, songwriter, and musician (d. 1965)
  • 1925
    Sir Anthony Mason, former Chief Justice of Australia
  • 1926
    Arthur Rowley, English footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1926
    Elizabeth II, Queen of the Commonwealth realms
  • 1927
    Gerald Flood, British actor (d. 1989)
  • 1930
    Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (d. 1989)
  • 1932
    Elaine May, American comedian
  • 1935
    Charles Grodin, American actor
  • 1935
    Thomas Kean, American politician
  • 1936
    James Dobson, American evangelist
  • 1939
    Helen Prejean, American author and activist
  • 1944
    Adrian Hurley, Australian basketball coach
  • 1945
    Diana Darvey, British actress, singer and dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1945
    Ronnie Tober, Dutch singer
  • 1947
    Barbara Park, American author of children’s books
  • 1947
    Iggy Pop, American musician (The Stooges)
  • 1947
    John Weider, British rock musician (Eric Burdon and the Animals, Family)
  • 1948
    Gary Condit, American politician
  • 1948
    Paul Davis, American singer (d. 2008)
  • 1949
    Patti LuPone, American singer and actress
  • 1951
    Bob Varsha, American motor sports TV commentator
  • 1951
    Michael Hartley Freedman, American mathematician
  • 1951
    Steve Vickers, Canadian hockey player
  • 1951
    Tony Danza, American actor and comedian
  • 1954
    Ebiet G. Ade, Indonesian singer
  • 1954
    James Morrison, American actor
  • 1956
    Phillip Longman, American demographer
  • 1957
    Edward Leslie, American professional wrestler
  • 1958
    Andie MacDowell, American actress
  • 1958
    Michael Zarnock, American author and columnist
  • 1958
    Yoshito Usui, Japanese manga artist
  • 1959
    Arno Pijpers, Dutch football coach
  • 1959
    Jerry Only, American musician (The Misfits)
  • 1959
    Michael Timmins, Canadian musician (Cowboy Junkies)
  • 1959
    Robert Smith, British musician (The Cure)
  • 1959
    Tim Jacobus, American artist (Goosebumps)
  • 1960
    Michel Goulet, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961
    Ronald Florijn, Dutch rower (Olympic gold medallist)
  • 1962
    Les Lancaster, American baseball player
  • 1963
    John Cameron Mitchell, American film director
  • 1963
    Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1963
    Roy Dupuis, Canadian actor
  • 1964
    Alex Baumann, Canadian swimmer
  • 1964
    Ludmila Engquist, Russian-born Swedish athlete
  • 1965
    Ed Belfour, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965
    Fiona Kelleghan, American academic and critic
  • 1965
    Gary Grant, American basketball player
  • 1965
    Karen Foster, American model (Playboy)
  • 1966
    Michael Franti, American musician
  • 1968
    Peter van Vossen, Dutch footballer and football coach
  • 1969
    Robin Meade, American news anchor
  • 1969
    Toby Stephens, British actor
  • 1970
    Glen Hansard, Irish songwriter and actor
  • 1970
    Jeff Anderson, American actor
  • 1970
    Nicole Sullivan, American actress
  • 1970
    Rob Riggle, American comedian
  • 1971
    Alexander Kravchenko, Russian poker player
  • 1971
    Eric Mabius, American actor
  • 1971
    Michael Turner, American comic book artist (d. 2008)
  • 1972
    Gwendal Peizerat, French ice dancer
  • 1972
    Severina Vučković, Croatian singer
  • 1973
    Jonathan Nsenga, Belgian athlete
  • 1975
    Brian J. White, American actor
  • 1975
    Charlie O'Connell, American actor
  • 1975
    Tha Trademarc, American hip hop artist
  • 1976
    Rommel Adducul, Filipino basketball player
  • 1976
    Ronald Vink, Dutch wheelchair tennis player
  • 1977
    Doseone, American rapper
  • 1977
    Jamie Salé, Canadian figure skater
  • 1978
    Branden Steineckert, American drummer (Rancid, The Used)
  • 1978
    Jacob Burns, Australian footballer
  • 1978
    Jukka Nevalainen, Finnish drummer (Nightwish)
  • 1979
    James McAvoy, Scottish actor
  • 1979
    Tobias Linderoth, Swedish footballer
  • 1980
    Jeff Keppinger, American baseball player
  • 1980
    Martin Rosete, Spanish film director and publicist
  • 1980
    Tony Romo, American football player
  • 1980
    Vincent Lecavalier, Canadian hockey player
  • 1981
    Kim Lammers, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1981
    Mads Junker, Danish footballer
  • 1981
    Stephanie Larimore, American model
  • 1982
    Carnell Williams, American football player
  • 1983
    Marco Donadel, Italian footballer
  • 1983
    Paweł Brożek, Polish footballer
  • 1983
    Tarvaris Jackson, American football player
  • 1984
    Shayna Fox, American voice actress
  • 1986
    Alexander Edler, Swedish hockey player
  • 1986
    Audra Cohen, American tennis player
  • 1986
    Mirko Valdifiori, Italian footballer
  • 1986
    Rodney Stuckey, American basketball player
  • 1987
    Eric Devendorf, American basketball player
  • 1987
    Leroy George, Dutch footballer
  • 1987
    Nadif Chowdhury, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1988
    Pedro Mosquera Parada, Spanish footballer
  • 1988
    Robbie Amell, Canadian actor
  • 1989
    Carlos Muñoz, Chilean footballer
  • 2007
    Princess Isabella of Denmark

Who Died On April 21?

  • 866
    Bardas, Byzantine noble and minister (b. unknown)
  • 1073
    Pope Alexander II
  • 1109
    Anselm of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1033)
  • 1142
    Pierre Abélard, French writer (b. 1079)
  • 1329
    Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1282)
  • 1509
    King Henry VII of England (b. 1457)
  • 1551
    Oda Nobuhide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
  • 1557
    Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (b. 1495)
  • 1574
    Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1519)
  • 1699
    Jean Racine, French dramatist (b. 1639)
  • 1701
    Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (b. 1667)
  • 1719
    Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and historian (b. 1640)
  • 1720
    Antoine Hamilton, French writer (b. 1646)
  • 1722
    Robert Beverley, Jr., historian of Colonial Virginia (b. 1673)
  • 1792
    Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary (b. 1746)
  • 1815
    Joseph Winston, U.S. Congressman from North Carolina (b. 1746)
  • 1825
    Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician (b. 1765)
  • 1852
    Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (b. 1787)
  • 1863
    Sir Robert Bateson, 1st Baronet, Irish nobility (b. 1782)
  • 1868
    Henry James O'Farrell, Australian would-be assassin of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh
  • 1910
    Mark Twain, American author and humorist (b. 1835)
  • 1918
    Manfred von Richthofen, German pilot (b. 1892)
  • 1922
    Alessandro Moreschi, Italian castrato (b. 1858)
  • 1924
    Eleonora Duse, Italian actress (b. 1858)
  • 1930
    Robert Bridges, English poet (b. 1844)
  • 1938
    Allama Iqbal, Urdu philosopher and poet (b. 1877)
  • 1945
    Walter Model, German field marshal (b. 1891)
  • 1946
    John Maynard Keynes, English economist (b. 1883)
  • 1948
    Aldo Leopold, American ecologist and author (b. 1887)
  • 1956
    Charles MacArthur, American writer (b. 1895)
  • 1965
    Sir Edward Victor Appleton, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1971
    François “Papa Doc” Duvalier, Haitian dictator (b. 1907)
  • 1973
    Arthur Fadden, 13th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1894)
  • 1974
    Charles “Chic” Harley, American football player (b. 1895)
  • 1977
    Gummo Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1892)
  • 1977
    Issy Bonn, British actor and musician (b. 1893)
  • 1978
    Sandy Denny, British vocalist (b. 1947)
  • 1978
    Thomas Wyatt Turner, American civil rights advocate and agricultural engineer (b. 1877)
  • 1980
    Aleksandr Oparin, Russian biochemist (b. 1894)
  • 1980
    Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter (b. 1928)
  • 1983
    Walter Slezak, Austrian actor (b. 1902)
  • 1984
    Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer (b. 1943)
  • 1985
    Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio pioneer (b. 1902)
  • 1985
    Rudi Gernreich, Austrian fashion designer (b. 1922)
  • 1985
    Tancredo de Almeida Neves, Brazil banker and elected president (b. 1910)
  • 1986
    Salah Jaheen, Egyptian poet and cartoonist (b. 1930)
  • 1989
    Princess Dukhye of Korea (b. 1912)
  • 1990
    Erté, French artist (b. 1892)
  • 1991
    Willi Boskovsky, Austrian violinist and conductor (b. 1909)
  • 1996
    Dzhokhar Dudaev, Chechen leader (b. 1944)
  • 1996
    Jimmy “the Greek” Snyder, American bookie and sports broadcaster (b. 1919)
  • 1998
    Jean-François Lyotard, French philosopher and sociologist (b. 1924)
  • 1999
    Charles ‘Buddy’Rogers, American actor and musician (b. 1904)
  • 2000
    Neal Matthews, Jr., American singer (b. 1929)
  • 2003
    Nina Simone, American singer and pianist (b. 1933)
  • 2004
    Mary McGrory, American journalist (b. 1918)
  • 2005
    Gerry Marshall, British racing driver (b. 1941)
  • 2006
    T.K. Ramakrishnan, Indian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2006
    Telê Santana, Brazilian football manager and former player (b. 1931)
  • 2007
    Lobby Loyde, Australian guitarist and songwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2008
    Al Wilson, American singer (b. 1939)
  • 2010
    Gustav Lorentzen, Norwegian singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2010
    Juan Antonio Samaranch, International Olympic Committee president (b. 1920)
  • 2011
    Catharina Halkes, Dutch theologian and feminist (b. 1920)

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