Wikipedia defines history as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. It came from the Greek word ‘historia’ – which means ‘inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation’.

Today In HistoryThis website utilizes entries from Wikipedia to extract historical events from 3761 BC up to the present. There are 105,062 records in the database that include events, births and deaths of popular individuals. The present day Gregorian calendar was adopted to show dates of interest.

Let us begin with what happened today in history. You may also enter a specific day using the form on the right sidebar.

What happened on September 2? There are more than 271 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About September 2

September 2 is the 245th day of the year 2014. There are 120 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Tuesday. This day falls under the 36th week of the year 2014.

On this day in Kansas City, Missouri 64197 sunrise will occur at 11:47 AM and sunset will occur at 12:46 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Virgo. The modern birthstone for this month is Sapphire while the mystical birthstone is Agate.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 170 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 19, 2015).

Buy a gift icon Out of the blue, there is someone out there thinking of you today. If that special someone wants to buy a gift for you, which one will you choose: boat tours, boxes of chocolate or exercise machines?

Historical Events For September 2

  • 44 BC
    Cicero launches the first of his Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the following months.
  • 44 BC
    Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.
  • 31 BC
    Final War of the Roman Republic: Battle of Actium – off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.
  • 421
    Emperor Constantius III dies suddenly of an illness, his wife Galla Placidia becomes for the second time widow.
  • 1649
    The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
  • 1666
    The Great Fire of London breaks out and burns for three days, destroying 10,000 buildings including St Paul’s Cathedral.
  • 1752
    Great Britain adopts the Gregorian calendar, nearly two centuries later than most of Western Europe.
  • 1789
    The United States Department of the Treasury is founded.
  • 1792
    During what became known as the September Massacres of the French Revolution, rampaging mobs slaughter three Roman Catholic Church bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
  • 1806
    A massive landslide destroys the town of Goldau, Switzerland, killing 457.
  • 1807
    The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
  • 1811
    The University of Oslo is founded as The Royal Fredericks University, after Frederick VI of Denmark and Norway.
  • 1833
    Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio is founded by John Jay Shipherd and Philo P. Stewart.
  • 1856
    The Tianjing Incident takes place in Nanjing, China.
  • 1859
    A solar super storm affects electrical telegraph service.
  • 1862
    American Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General George B. McClellan to full command after General John Pope’s disastrous defeat at the Second Battle of Bull Run.
  • 1864
    American Civil War: Union forces enter Atlanta, Georgia, a day after the Confederate defenders flee the city.
  • 1867
    Mutsuhito, Emperor Meiji of Japan, marries Masako Ichijō. The Empress consort is thereafter known as Lady Haruko. Since her death in 1914, she is called by the posthumous name Empress Shōken.
  • 1870
    Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan – Prussian forces take Napoleon III of France and 100,000 of his soldiers prisoner.
  • 1885
    Rock Springs massacre: in Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who are struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers killing 28, wounding 15 and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • 1898
    Battle of Omdurman – British and Egyptian troops defeat Sudanese tribesmen and establish British dominance in Sudan.
  • 1901
    Vice President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, “Speak softly and carry a big stick” at the Minnesota State Fair.
  • 1935
    Labor Day Hurricane of 1935: a large hurricane hits the Florida Keys killing 423.
  • 1939
    World War II: following the start of the invasion of Poland the previous day, the Free City of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) is annexed by Nazi Germany.
  • 1945
    Vietnam declares its independence, forming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
  • 1945
    World War II: Combat ends in the Pacific Theater: the Instrument of Surrender of Japan is signed by Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and accepted aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
  • 1946
    The Interim Government of India is formed with Jawaharlal Nehru as Vice President with the powers of a Prime Minister.
  • 1957
    President Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam becomes the first foreign head of state to make a state visit to Australia.
  • 1958
    United States Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan in Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew members are killed.
  • 1960
    The first election of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration, in history of Tibet. The Tibetan community observes this date as the Democracy Day.
  • 1963
    CBS Evening News becomes U.S. network television’s first half-hour weeknight news broadcast, when the show is lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes.
  • 1970
    NASA announces the cancellation of two Apollo missions to the Moon, Apollo 15 (the designation is re-used by a later mission), and Apollo 19.
  • 1990
    Transnistria is unilaterally proclaimed a Soviet republic; the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev declares the decision null and void.
  • 1991
    Nagorno Karabakh declares its independence from Azerbaijan forming the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.
  • 1991
    The United States recognize the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
  • 1992
    An earthquake in Nicaragua kills at least 116 people.
  • 1998
    Swissair Flight 111 crashes near Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia. All 229 people on board are killed.
  • 1998
    The UN’s International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide.

Who Were Born On September 2?

  • 1661
    Georg Böhm, German organist (d. 1733)
  • 1675
    William Somervile, English poet (d. 1742)
  • 1753
    Marie Josephine Louise of Savoy, Italy-born queen consort of France and wife of King Louis XVIII of France (d. 1810)
  • 1778
    Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland (d. 1846)
  • 1805
    Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (d. 1851)
  • 1810
    William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (d. 1897)
  • 1820
    Lucretia Hale, American journalist and author (d. 1900)
  • 1830
    William P. Frye, American politician (d. 1911)
  • 1838
    Liliuokalani of Hawaii, Queen of Hawaii (d. 1917)
  • 1839
    Henry George, American economist (d. 1897)
  • 1847
    Roger Wolcott, 39th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • 1850
    Albert Spalding, American baseball player and co-founder of the A.G. Spalding sporting goods company (d. 1915)
  • 1850
    Eugene Field American writer (d. 1895)
  • 1850
    Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (d. 1919)
  • 1852
    Paul Bourget, French novelist and critic (d. 1935)
  • 1853
    Wilhelm Ostwald, Baltic German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1932)
  • 1854
    Hans Jæger, Norwegian writer and political activist (d. 1910)
  • 1857
    Thomas Groube, Australian cricketer (d. 1927)
  • 1862
    Franjo Krežma, Croatian violinist (d. 1881)
  • 1865
    Simeón Ola, Philippine general (d. 1952)
  • 1866
    Charles Vintcent, South African cricketer (d. 1943)
  • 1877
    Frederick Soddy, British chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1956)
  • 1878
    Ion Dragoumis, Greek diplomat, writer and revolutionary (d. 1920)
  • 1878
    Werner von Blomberg, German field marshal (d. 1946)
  • 1879
    An Jung-geun, Korean assassin of Ito Hirobumi (d. 1910)
  • 1883
    Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria, “The Red Archduchess” (d. 1963)
  • 1884
    Dr. Frank Laubach, American Christian missionary (d. 1970)
  • 1894
    Joseph Roth, Austrian novelist (d. 1939)
  • 1901
    Adolph Rupp, American college basketball coach (d. 1977)
  • 1901
    Andreas Embirikos, Greek surrealist poet (d. 1975)
  • 1911
    Romare Bearden, African American painter (d. 1988)
  • 1912
    Ernest Bromley, Australian cricketer (d. 1967)
  • 1913
    Bill Shankly, Scottish football manager (d. 1981)
  • 1913
    Israel Gelfand, Russian mathematician (d. 2009)
  • 1914
    Tom Glazer, American folk singer and songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1915
    Benjamin Aaron, American labor law expert (d. 2007)
  • 1915
    Meinhardt Raabe, American actor (d. 2010)
  • 1917
    Cleveland Amory, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1917
    Laurindo Almeida, Brazilian guitarist (d. 1995)
  • 1919
    Marge Champion, American actress
  • 1923
    René Thom, French mathematician (d. 2002)
  • 1924
    Daniel arap Moi, 2nd President of Kenya
  • 1925
    Hugo Montenegro, American composer and bandleader (d. 1981)
  • 1927
    Milo Hamilton, American Hall of Fame sports broadcaster
  • 1928
    Horace Silver, American jazz pianist and composer
  • 1929
    Hal Ashby, American film director (d. 1988)
  • 1929
    Victor Spinetti, Welsh actor
  • 1931
    Clifford Jordan, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1993)
  • 1934
    Chuck McCann, American voice actor.
  • 1934
    Grady Nutt, American humorist (d. 1982)
  • 1935
    D. Wayne Lukas, American horse trainer
  • 1936
    Andrew Grove, American computer chip manufacturer
  • 1937
    Derek Fowlds, British actor
  • 1937
    Len Carlson, Canadian voice actor (d. 2006)
  • 1937
    Peter Ueberroth, American sport executive
  • 1938
    Clarence Felder, American actor
  • 1938
    Giuliano Gemma, Italian actor
  • 1938
    Mary Jo Catlett, American actress
  • 1939
    Sam Gooden, American singer (The Impressions)
  • 1940
    Jimmy Clanton, American singer
  • 1941
    David Bale, South African–born American animal rights activist (d. 2003)
  • 1941
    Graeme Langlands, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1941
    John Thompson, Jr., American college basketball coach
  • 1943
    Glen Sather, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
  • 1943
    Joe Simon, American singer
  • 1943
    Rosalind Ashford, American singer (Martha and the Vandellas)
  • 1944
    Janet Simpson, British track and field athlete (d. 2010)
  • 1946
    Billy Preston, American keyboardist (d. 2006)
  • 1946
    Dan White, American assassin (d. 1985)
  • 1946
    Joe Yamanaka, Japanese singer (Flower Travellin' Band) (d. 2011)
  • 1946
    Luis Avalos, Cuban actor
  • 1946
    Walt Simonson, American comic book artist and writer
  • 1947
    Richard Coughlan, English drummer and percussionist (Caravan)
  • 1948
    Christa McAuliffe, American schoolteacher and astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1948
    Nate Archibald, American basketball player
  • 1948
    Terry Bradshaw, American football player
  • 1949
    Moira Stuart, British journalist
  • 1950
    Michael Rother, German guitarist and keyboardist (Neu!, Kraftwerk, Harmonia, Cluster)
  • 1950
    Rosanna DeSoto, American actress
  • 1950
    Yuen Wah, Chinese actor and stuntman
  • 1951
    Jim DeMint, American politician
  • 1951
    Jon Feltheimer, American film executive
  • 1951
    Mark Harmon, American actor
  • 1951
    Michael Gray, American actor
  • 1952
    Jimmy Connors, American tennis player
  • 1953
    Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan commander (d. 2001)
  • 1953
    John Zorn, American composer, arranger and saxophonist
  • 1956
    Angelo Fusco, Northern Irish Provisional Irish Republican Army member
  • 1956
    Mario Tremblay, Canadian hockey player and coach
  • 1957
    Tony Alva, American skateboarder
  • 1958
    Olivier Grouillard, French racing driver
  • 1959
    Guy Laliberté, Canadian founder of Cirque du Soleil
  • 1960
    Eric Dickerson, American football player
  • 1960
    Hideo Yoshizawa, Japanese video game designer and executive, General Manager at Namco Bandai Holdings
  • 1960
    John S. Hall, American poet and spoken-word artist
  • 1960
    Kristin Halvorsen, Norwegian politician
  • 1960
    Rex Hudler, American baseball player
  • 1961
    Carlos Valderrama, Colombian footballer
  • 1962
    Eugenio Derbez, Mexican comedian and actor
  • 1962
    Jon Berkeley, Irish author and illustrator
  • 1962
    Prachya Pinkaew, Thai film director
  • 1963
    Sam Mitchell, American basketball player and coach
  • 1964
    Keanu Reeves, Canadian actor
  • 1965
    Lennox Lewis, British-born Canadian boxer
  • 1965
    Partho Sen-Gupta, Indian filmmaker
  • 1966
    Dino Cazares, Mexican-born American guitarist (Fear Factory)
  • 1966
    Marcello Cuttitta, Italian rugby player
  • 1966
    Massimo Cuttitta, Italian rugby player and coach
  • 1966
    Olivier Panis, French race car driver
  • 1966
    Salma Hayek, Mexican actress
  • 1966
    Tuc Watkins, American actor
  • 1967
    Andreas Möller, German footballer
  • 1968
    Cynthia Watros, American actress
  • 1968
    Kristen Cloke, American actress
  • 1969
    Cedric “K-Ci” Hailey, American singer
  • 1969
    Stéphane Matteau, French-Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969
    Stephen Peall, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1971
    César Sánchez, Spanish footballer
  • 1971
    Kjetil André Aamodt, Norwegian alpine skier
  • 1971
    Pawan Kalyan, Indian actor
  • 1971
    Shauna Sand, American actress and Playboy Playmate
  • 1971
    Tom Steels, Belgian cyclist
  • 1971
    Tommy Maddox, American football player
  • 1972
    Matthew Dunn, Australian swimmer
  • 1972
    Robert Coles, English golfer
  • 1973
    Indika de Saram, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1973
    Jason Blake, American ice hockey player
  • 1973
    Katt Williams, American comedian, actor and rapper
  • 1974
    Inari Vachs, American adult film actress
  • 1974
    Steven Johnson, Australian racing driver
  • 1975
    MC Chris, American rapper
  • 1976
    Aziz Zakari, Ghanaian sprinter
  • 1976
    Erin Hershey Presley, American actress
  • 1976
    Phil Lipscomb, American bassist (Taproot)
  • 1977
    Amanda Marcotte, American feminist blogger
  • 1977
    Frédéric Kanouté, Malian footballer
  • 1979
    Alex Chu, Korean singer
  • 1979
    Brian Westbrook, American football player
  • 1979
    Ron Ng, Hong Kong actor
  • 1979
    Tomer Ben Yosef, Israeli footballer
  • 1980
    Dany Sabourin, French-Canadian ice hockey goaltender
  • 1980
    Hiroki Yoshimoto, Japanese racing driver
  • 1981
    Bracha van Doesburgh, Dutch actress
  • 1981
    Chris Tremlett, English cricketer
  • 1981
    Fariborz Kamkari, Iranian film director-producer
  • 1982
    Jason Hammel, American baseball player
  • 1982
    Joey Barton, English footballer
  • 1982
    Mandy Cho, Hong Kong actress
  • 1983
    Aimee Osbourne, English singer, actress and columnist
  • 1983
    Mark Foster, English rugby player
  • 1983
    Rich Boy, American rapper
  • 1984
    Danson Tang, Taiwanese actor, model and singer
  • 1984
    Jack Peñate, English singer
  • 1986
    Kyle Hines, American basketball player
  • 1986
    Rob Ramsay, Canadian Actor
  • 1987
    Scott Moir, Canadian ice dancer
  • 1988
    Ishant Sharma, Indian cricketer
  • 1989
    Alexandre Pato, Brazilian footballer
  • 1989
    Ishmeet Singh Sodhi, Indian playback singer (d. 2008)
  • 1989
    Marcus Morris, American basketball player
  • 1989
    Markieff Morris, American basketball player
  • 1990
    Marcus Ericsson, Swedish racing driver
  • 1996
    Sungha Jung, South Korean guitar prodigy

Who Died On September 2?

  • 490 BC
    Pheidippides, Greek hero (b. c. 530 BC)
  • 421
    Constantius III, Roman Emperor (birth year unknown)
  • 1031
    Saint Emeric of Hungary (born between 1000 and 1007)
  • 1274
    Prince Munetaka, Japanese shogun (b. 1242)
  • 1397
    Francesco Landini, Italian composer (b. 1325 or 1335)
  • 1540
    Emperor Dawit II of Ethiopia (b. 1501)
  • 1680
    Per Brahe, Swedish soldier and statesman (b. 1602)
  • 1688
    Sir Robert Viner, 1st Baronet, Lord Mayor of London (b. 1631)
  • 1690
    Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (b. 1615)
  • 1764
    Nathaniel Bliss, English Astronomer Royal (b. 1700)
  • 1765
    Henry Bouquet, Swiss-born British army officer (b. 1719)
  • 1768
    Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (b. 1703)
  • 1790
    Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, German historian and theologian (b. 1701)
  • 1813
    Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1763)
  • 1820
    Jiaqing Emperor of China (b. 1760)
  • 1832
    Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian astronomer (b. 1754)
  • 1834
    Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (b. 1757)
  • 1865
    William Rowan Hamilton, Irish mathematician (b. 1805)
  • 1872
    Nicolai Frederik Severin Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (b. 1783)
  • 1877
    Constantine Kanaris, Greek admiral, freedom fighter and politician (b. 1793)
  • 1896
    Nat Thomson, Australian cricketer (b. 1839)
  • 1898
    Wilford Woodruff, American fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1807)
  • 1910
    Henri Rousseau, French painter (b. 1844)
  • 1921
    Anthony Francis Lucas Croatian-born American oil pioneer (b. 1855)
  • 1921
    Henry Austin Dobson, English poet (b. 1840)
  • 1927
    Umegatani Tōtarō II, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 20th Yokozuna (b. 1878)
  • 1934
    Alcide Nunez, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1884)
  • 1934
    James Allan, New Zealand rugby union player (b. 1860)
  • 1934
    Russ Columbo, American singer, violinist and actor (b. 1908)
  • 1937
    Pierre de Coubertin, French founder of the modern Olympic Games (b. 1863)
  • 1941
    Lloyd Seay, American stock car driver (b. 1919)
  • 1942
    Tom Williams, Irish republican (b. 1924)
  • 1944
    Bella Rosenfeld, Russian-born American wife of Marc Chagall and subject of many of his paintings (b. 1895)
  • 1948
    Sylvanus Morley, American archaeologist and spy (b. 1883)
  • 1953
    Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, U.S. general (b. 1883)
  • 1962
    William Wilkerson, American founder of the Hollywood Reporter and the Flamingo Hotel and nightclub owner (b. 1890)
  • 1964
    Alvin York, American soldier (b. 1887)
  • 1964
    Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist (b. 1900)
  • 1965
    Johannes Bobrowski, German writer (b. 1917)
  • 1969
    Hồ Chí Minh, President of North Vietnam (b. 1890)
  • 1971
    Robert Mensah, Ghanaian football goalkeeper (b. 1939)
  • 1973
    Carl Dudley, American film director (b. 1910)
  • 1973
    J. R. R. Tolkien, British writer (b. 1892)
  • 1976
    Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish writer (b. 1934)
  • 1978
    Fred G. Meyer, American businessman, founder of Fred Meyer, Inc. (b. 1886)
  • 1979
    Otto P. Weyland, American military figure (b. 1903)
  • 1984
    Manos Katrakis, Greek actor (b. 1908)
  • 1985
    Abe Lenstra, Dutch footballer (b. 1920)
  • 1985
    Jay Youngblood, American professional wrestler (b. 1955)
  • 1991
    Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1911)
  • 1992
    Barbara McClintock, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1994
    Roy Castle, British entertainer (b. 1932)
  • 1996
    Paddy Clift, Zimbabwean cricketer (b. 1953)
  • 1997
    Rudolf Bing, Austrian-born British opera manager (b. 1902)
  • 1997
    Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (b. 1905)
  • 1998
    Allen Drury, American novelist (b. 1918)
  • 1998
    Jackie Blanchflower, Irish footballer (b. 1933)
  • 2000
    Curt Siodmak, German-born American screenwriter (b. 1907)
  • 2000
    Elvera Sanchez, Puerto Rican dancer (b. 1905)
  • 2001
    Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon (b. 1922)
  • 2001
    Troy Donahue, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2002
    Dick Reynolds, Australian rules footballer and coach (b. 1915)
  • 2004
    Eleni Zafeiriou, Greek actress (b. 1916)
  • 2004
    Joan Oró, Catalan biochemist (b. 1923)
  • 2005
    Bob Denver, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 2006
    Bob Mathias, American athlete and congressman (b. 1930)
  • 2006
    Willi Ninja, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1961)
  • 2007
    Franz-Benno Delonge, German game designer (b. 1957)
  • 2007
    Max McNab, Canadian National Hockey League executive (b. 1924)
  • 2007
    Rajae Belmlih, Moroccan singer (b. 1962)
  • 2008
    Bill Meléndez, American character animator (b. 1916)
  • 2009
    Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, India (b. 1949)
  • 2011
    Felipe Camiroaga, Chilean character animator, Chile (b. 1966)
  • 2011
    Roberto Bruce, Chilean journalist (b. 1979)

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