What happened on November 12? There are more than 264 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About November 12

November 12 In HistoryNovember 12 is the 316th day of the year 2021. There are 49 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Friday. This day falls under the 45th week of the year 2021.

On this day in Chartley, Massachusetts 02712 sunrise will occur at 06:31 AM and sunset will occur at 04:26 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Scorpio. The modern birthstone for this month is Topaz while the mystical birthstone is Pearl.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 81 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 1, 2022).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the October 25 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For November 12

  • 764
    Tibetan troops occupy Chang'an, the capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty, for fifteen days.
  • 1028
    Future Byzantine empress Zoe takes the throne as empress consort to Romanus Argyrus.
  • 1439
    Plymouth, England, becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.
  • 1555
    The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism.
  • 1602
    Sebastian Viscaino lands at and names San Diego, California.
  • 1793
    Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.
  • 1892
    William “Pudge” Heffelfinger becomes the first professional American football player on record, participating in his first paid game for the Allegheny Athletic Association.
  • 1893
    The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan; the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two nations.
  • 1905
    Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.
  • 1912
    The frozen bodies of Robert Scott and his men are found on the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica.
  • 1918
    Austria becomes a republic.
  • 1920
    Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes sign the Treaty of Rapallo.
  • 1927
    Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin in undisputed control of the Soviet Union.
  • 1928
    SS Vestris sinks approximately 200 mi off Hampton Roads, Virginia, killing at least 110 passengers, mostly women and children who die after the vessel is abandoned.
  • 1933
    Hugh Gray takes the first known photos of the Loch Ness Monster.
  • 1936
    In California, the San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge opens to traffic.
  • 1938
    Hermann Göring proposes plans to make Madagascar the “Jewish homeland”, an idea that had first been considered by 19th century journalist Theodor Herzl.
  • 1940
    World War II: The Battle of Gabon ends as Free French Forces take Libreville, Gabon, and all of French Equatorial Africa from Vichy France forces.
  • 1941
    World War II: The Soviet cruiser Chervona Ukraina is destroyed during the Battle of Sevastopol.
  • 1941
    World War II: temperatures around Moscow drop to -12° C as the Soviet Union launches ski troops for the first time against the freezing German forces near the city.
  • 1942
    World War II: The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal between Japanese and American forces begins near Guadalcanal. The battle lasts for three days.
  • 1944
    World War II: The Royal Air Force launches 29 Avro Lancaster bombers in one of the most successful precision bombing attacks of war and sinks the German battleship Tirpitz, with 12,000 lb Tallboy bombs off Tromsø, Norway.
  • 1948
    In Tokyo, an international war crimes tribunal sentences seven Japanese military and government officials, including General Hideki Tojo, to death for their roles in World War II.
  • 1956
    Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia join the United Nations.
  • 1958
    A team of rock climbers led by Warren Harding completes the first ascent of The Nose on El Capitan in Yosemite Valley.
  • 1968
    Equatorial Guinea joins the United Nations.
  • 1969
    Vietnam War: My Lai Massacre – Independent investigative journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the My Lai story.
  • 1970
    The 1970 Bhola cyclone makes landfall on the coast of East Pakistan becoming the deadliest tropical cyclone in history.
  • 1970
    The Oregon Highway Division attempts to destroy a rotting beached Sperm whale with explosives, leading to the now infamous “exploding whale” incident.
  • 1971
    Vietnam War: as part of Vietnamization, US President Richard M. Nixon sets February 1, 1972 as the deadline for the removal of another 45,000 American troops from Vietnam.
  • 1975
    The Comoros joins the United Nations.
  • 1978
    Pope John Paul II takes possession of his Cathedral Church, the Basilica of St. John Lateran, as the Bishop of Rome.
  • 1979
    Iran hostage crisis: in response to the hostage situation in Tehran, US President Jimmy Carter orders a halt to all petroleum imports into the United States from Iran.
  • 1980
    The NASA space probe Voyager I makes its closest approach to Saturn and takes the first images of its rings.
  • 1981
    Space Shuttle program: mission STS-2, utilizing the Space Shuttle Columbia, marks the first time a manned spacecraft is launched into space twice.
  • 1982
    In the Soviet Union, Yuri Andropov becomes the general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party’s Central Committee, succeeding Leonid I. Brezhnev.
  • 1990
    Crown Prince Akihito is formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan, becoming the 125th Japanese monarch.
  • 1990
    Tim Berners-Lee publishes a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.
  • 1991
    Dili Massacre: Indonesian forces open fire on a crowd of student protesters in Dili, East Timor.
  • 1996
    A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 and a Kazakh Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane collide in mid-air near New Delhi, killing 349. The deadliest mid-air collision to date.
  • 1997
    Ramzi Yousef is found guilty of masterminding the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.
  • 1999
    The Düzce earthquake strikes Turkey with a magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter scale.
  • 2001
    Attack on Afghanistan: Taliban forces abandon Kabul, Afghanistan, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops.
  • 2001
    In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 en route to the Dominican Republic, crashes minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
  • 2003
    Iraq war: in Nasiriya, Iraq, at least 23 people, among them the first Italian casualties of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, are killed in a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base.
  • 2003
    Shanghai Transrapid sets a new world speed record (501 km/h) for commercial railway systems, which remains the fastest for unmodified commercial rail vehicles.
  • 2011
    Silvio Berlusconi resigns as Prime Minister of Italy due, in large part, to the European sovereign debt crisis.

Who Were Born On November 12?

  • 1528
    Qi Jiguang, Chinese general (d. 1588)
  • 1547
    Claude of Valois, French princess (d. 1575)
  • 1606
    Jeanne Mance, French settler of New France (d. 1673)
  • 1615
    Richard Baxter, English clergyman (d. 1691)
  • 1651
    Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexican mystic and author (d. 1695)
  • 1684
    Edward Vernon, English Royal Navy admiral (d. 1757)
  • 1729
    Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (d. 1811)
  • 1755
    Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general (d. 1813)
  • 1790
    Letitia Christian Tyler, US First Lady (d. 1842)
  • 1795
    Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (d. 1856)
  • 1815
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American suffragette (d. 1902)
  • 1817
    Bahá'u'lláh, Persian spiritual figure (d. 1892)
  • 1833
    Alexander Borodin, Russian composer and chemist (d. 1887)
  • 1840
    Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (d. 1917)
  • 1842
    John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1848
    Eduard Müller, Swiss politician (d. 1919)
  • 1850
    Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (d. 1908)
  • 1866
    Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary and politician (d. 1925)
  • 1872
    William Fay, Irish actor and theatre producer (d. 1947)
  • 1881
    Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • 1881
    Olev Siinmaa, Estonian architect (d. 1948)
  • 1886
    Ben Travers, British playwright (d. 1980)
  • 1886
    Günther Dyhrenfurth, German geologist, and mountineer (d. 1975)
  • 1889
    DeWitt Wallace, American magazine publisher (d. 1981)
  • 1890
    Lily Kronberger, Hungarian figure skater (d. 1974)
  • 1892
    Tudor Davies, Welsh operatic tenor (d. 1958)
  • 1896
    Nima Yooshij , Iranian contemporary poet (d. 1960)
  • 1896
    Salim Ali, Indian ornithologist (d. 1987)
  • 1897
    Karl Marx, German composer (d. 1985)
  • 1898
    Leon Štukelj, Slovene gymnast (d. 1999)
  • 1901
    James Luther Adams, American theologian (d. 1994)
  • 1903
    Jack Oakie, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1908
    Harry Blackmun, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1999)
  • 1910
    Dudley Nourse, South African cricketer (d. 1981)
  • 1911
    Buck Clayton, American jazz trumpet player (d. 1991)
  • 1915
    Roland Barthes, French critic and writer (d. 1980)
  • 1916
    Jean Papineau-Couture, French-Canadian composer (d. 2000)
  • 1916
    Paul Emery, English racing driver (d. 1993)
  • 1916
    Rogelio de la Rosa, Filipino actor and politician (d. 1986)
  • 1917
    Jo Stafford, American singer (d. 2008)
  • 1919
    Jackie Washington, Canadian blues musician (d. 2009)
  • 1920
    Richard Quine, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1922
    Kim Hunter, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1923
    Vicco von Bülow, German film director (d. 2011)
  • 1924
    Sam Jones, American jazz bassist and cellist (d. 1981)
  • 1927
    Yutaka Taniyama, Japanese mathematician (d. 1958)
  • 1928
    Bob Holness, English presenter and actor
  • 1929
    Grace Kelly, American actress and Princely consort of Monaco (d. 1982)
  • 1929
    Michael Ende, German writer (d. 1995)
  • 1930
    Ann Flood, American actress
  • 1931
    Bob Crewe, American songwriter and producer (The Four Seasons)
  • 1933
    Jalal Talabani, Iraqi politician
  • 1934
    Charles Manson, American cult leader and convicted murderer
  • 1936
    Mills Lane, American jurist, TV personality, and boxing referee
  • 1936
    Mort Shuman, American songwriter and singer (d. 1991)
  • 1937
    Jack Betts, American actor
  • 1938
    Benjamin Mkapa, Tanzanian politician
  • 1938
    Denis DeJordy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1939
    Lucia Popp, Slovakian soprano (d. 1993)
  • 1939
    Ruby Nash Curtis, American singer (Ruby & the Romantics)
  • 1939
    Terry McDonald, English footballer
  • 1940
    Jürgen Todenhöfer, German politician
  • 1940
    Michel Audet, Quebec economist and politician
  • 1941
    Carol Gluck, American academic and Japanologist
  • 1943
    Björn Waldegård, Swedish rally driver
  • 1943
    Brian Hyland, American singer
  • 1943
    Julie Ege, Norwegian actress (d. 2008)
  • 1943
    Wallace Shawn, American actor and playwright
  • 1944
    Al Michaels, American television sportscaster
  • 1944
    Booker T. Jones, American musician and songwriter (Booker T and the MG’s)
  • 1945
    Neil Young, Canadian singer and guitarist (Buffalo Springfield, Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young)
  • 1945
    Tracy Kidder, American journalist and author
  • 1946
    Krister Henriksson, Swedish actor
  • 1947
    Buck Dharma (born Donald Roeser), American vocalist and guitarist (Blue Öyster Cult)
  • 1947
    Patrice Leconte, French film director and screenwriter
  • 1947
    Ron Bryant, American baseball player
  • 1948
    Cliff Harris, American football player
  • 1948
    Errol Brown, English singer (Hot Chocolate)
  • 1949
    Jack Reed, American politician
  • 1949
    Ron Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey coach (d. 1992)
  • 1949
    Sinyan Shen, American physicist and composer
  • 1950
    Barbara Fairchild, US country music/Gospel singer
  • 1952
    Ronald Burkle, American entrepreneur
  • 1953
    Baaba Maal, Senegalese singer and guitarist
  • 1953
    Vasilis Karras, Greek singer
  • 1954
    Rob Lytle, American football player (d. 2010)
  • 1955
    Katharine Weber, American novelist
  • 1958
    Megan Mullally, American actress and singer
  • 1958
    Nick Stellino, Italian-born American television chef
  • 1959
    Toshihiko Sahashi, Japanese composer
  • 1959
    Vincent Irizarry, American actor
  • 1960
    Ismo Alanko, Finnish musician (Hassisen Kone, Sielun Veljet, Ismo Alanko Säätiö)
  • 1960
    Maurane, Belgian singer
  • 1961
    Enzo Francescoli, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1961
    Jonathan Nossiter, American film director
  • 1961
    Michaela Paetsch, American violinist
  • 1961
    Nadia Comăneci, Romanian gymnast
  • 1962
    Brix Smith, American singer and guitarist (The Fall, The Adult Net)
  • 1962
    Mariella Frostrup, Norwegian journalist and television presenter
  • 1962
    Mark Hunter, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962
    Naomi Wolf, American author and feminist
  • 1962
    Neal Shusterman, American writer
  • 1963
    Michael Rogers (activist), American blogger and media publisher
  • 1963
    Sam Lloyd, American actor
  • 1963
    Susumu Terajima, Japanese actor
  • 1964
    Dave Ellefson, American bassist (Megadeth)
  • 1964
    Vic Chesnutt, American singer and songwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1965
    Lex Lang, American voice actor
  • 1967
    Grant Nicholas, British singer (Feeder)
  • 1967
    Michael Moorer, American boxer
  • 1968
    Aaron Stainthorpe, British singer (My Dying Bride)
  • 1968
    Aya Hisakawa, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1968
    Glenn Gilbertti, American professional wrestler
  • 1968
    Kathleen Hanna, American singer and songwriter
  • 1968
    Sammy Sosa, Dominican baseball player
  • 1968
    Sharon Shannon, Irish musician, known for playing the accordion
  • 1969
    Ian Bremmer, American political scientist
  • 1969
    Jason Cundy, English footballer and broadcaster
  • 1969
    Johnny Gosch, American kidnap victim
  • 1970
    Craig Parker, New Zealand actor
  • 1970
    Donna Adamo, American professional wrestler
  • 1970
    Harvey Stephens, British actor
  • 1970
    Sarah Harmer, Canadian singer-songwriter and activist
  • 1970
    Tonya Harding, American figure skater
  • 1972
    Vassilis Tsiartas, Greek footballer
  • 1973
    Ethan Zohn, American footballer and reality show contestant
  • 1973
    Mayte Garcia, American dancer
  • 1973
    Radha Mitchell, Australian actress
  • 1974
    Tamala Jones, American actress
  • 1975
    Angela Watson, American actress
  • 1975
    Jason Lezak, American swimmer
  • 1975
    Nina Brosh, Israeli model and actress
  • 1976
    Judith Holofernes, German singer (Wir sind Helden)
  • 1976
    Mirosław Szymkowiak, Polish footballer
  • 1976
    Richelle Mead, American writer
  • 1976
    Tevin Campbell, American R&B singer
  • 1977
    Benni McCarthy, South African footballer
  • 1977
    Dalene Kurtis, American model
  • 1977
    Lee Murray, English mixed martial artist
  • 1978
    Aaron Heilman, American baseball player
  • 1978
    Alexandra Maria Lara, Romanian-born German actress
  • 1978
    Andrew Kinlochan, British singer (Phixx)
  • 1978
    Ashley Williams, American actress
  • 1978
    Lena Yada, American actress, model, surfer and professional wrestler
  • 1979
    Corey Maggette, American basketball player
  • 1979
    Cote de Pablo, Chilean actress
  • 1979
    Crown J, South Korean hip hop singer and rapper
  • 1979
    Lucas Glover, American professional golfer
  • 1979
    Matt Cappotelli, American professional wrestler
  • 1980
    Ryan Gosling, Canadian actor
  • 1980
    Trent Acid, American professional wrestler (d. 2010)
  • 1981
    D. J. Campbell, English footballer
  • 1981
    Sergio Floccari, Italian footballer
  • 1982
    Anne Hathaway, American actress
  • 1982
    Mikele Leigertwood, English footballer
  • 1983
    Carlton Cole, English footballer
  • 1983
    Charlie Morton, American baseball player
  • 1984
    Conrad Rautenbach, Zimbabwean rally driver
  • 1984
    Omarion, American R&B singer, pianist and songwriter (B2K)
  • 1984
    Sandara Park, South Korean actor, singer/rapper of (2NE1)
  • 1984
    Sepp De Roover, Belgian footballer
  • 1985
    Arianny Celeste, American model
  • 1986
    Evan Yo, Taiwanese pop singer
  • 1987
    Bryan Little, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1988
    Russell Westbrook, American basketball player
  • 1992
    Adam Larsson, Swedish ice hockey player

Who Died On November 12?

  • 607
    Pope Boniface III, Roman-born (birth date unknown)
  • 1035
    King Cnut the Great, Danish-born King of Denmark, England and Norway (b. 985 or 995)
  • 1094
    King Duncan II of Scotland (b. 1060)
  • 1434
    King Louis III of Naples (b. 1403)
  • 1555
    Stephen Gardiner, English statesman (b. 1497)
  • 1567
    Anne de Montmorency, Marshal and Constable of France (b. 1493)
  • 1595
    John Hawkins, English shipbuilder and trader (b. 1532)
  • 1606
    St. Nicholas Owen, English Jesuit and martyr (b. c. 1550)
  • 1667
    Hans Nansen, Danish statesman (b. 1598)
  • 1671
    Thomas Fairfax, English Civil War general (b. 1612)
  • 1742
    Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1757
    Colley Cibber, English poet (b. 1671)
  • 1793
    Jean Sylvain Bailly, first Mayor of Paris (b. 1736)
  • 1836
    Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentine military leader and politician (b. 1773)
  • 1865
    Elizabeth Gaskell, English novelist (b. 1810)
  • 1916
    Percival Lowell, American amateur astronomer (b. 1855)
  • 1933
    F. Holland Day, American photographer and publisher (b. 1864)
  • 1939
    Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor and humanitarian (b. 1890)
  • 1941
    Abe “Kid Twist” Reles, American mobster (b. 1907)
  • 1944
    Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (b. 1876)
  • 1948
    Umberto Giordano, Italian composer (b. 1867)
  • 1955
    Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (b. 1878)
  • 1965
    Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Indian-born Bohra Spiritual Leader (b. 1888)
  • 1969
    Liu Shaoqi, Chinese revolutionary, and statesman (b. 1898)
  • 1972
    Rudolf Friml, Czech composer (b. 1879)
  • 1976
    Mikhail Iosifovich Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (b. 1893)
  • 1976
    Walter Piston, American composer (b. 1894)
  • 1981
    William Holden, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1984
    Chester Himes, American writer (b. 1909)
  • 1987
    Cornelis Vreeswijk, Dutch-Swedish musician (b. 1937)
  • 1990
    Eve Arden, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 1993
    H. R. Haldeman, American White House Chief of Staff (b. 1926)
  • 1994
    Wilma Rudolph, American runner (b. 1940)
  • 1997
    Carlos Surinach, Spanish composer (b. 1915)
  • 2000
    Franck Pourcel, French popular orchestra leader (b. 1913)
  • 2000
    Leah Rabin (née Schlossberg), German-born widow of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (b. 1928)
  • 2001
    Albert Hague, German-born American actor and songwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2001
    Tony Miles, English chess player (b. 1955)
  • 2003
    Cameron Duncan, New Zealand director (b. 1986)
  • 2003
    Jonathan Brandis, American actor (b. 1976)
  • 2003
    Kay E. Kuter, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2003
    Penny Singleton, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 2003
    Tony Thompson, American drummer (Chic, Power Station) (b. 1954)
  • 2005
    William G. Adams, Canadian politician (b. 1923)
  • 2006
    General Jacob E. Smart, American World War II figure (b. 1909)
  • 2007
    Ira Levin, American novelist (b. 1929)
  • 2007
    Khanmohammed Ibrahim, Indian cricketer (b. 1919)
  • 2008
    Catherine Baker Knoll, American politician (b. 1930)
  • 2008
    Mitch Mitchell, English drummer (The Jimi Hendrix Experience) (b. 1947)
  • 2010
    Henryk Górecki, Polish composer (b. 1933)
  • 2010
    Karl Plutus, Estonian jurist and centenarian (b. 1904)

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