What happened on March 11? There are more than 273 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About March 11

March 11 In HistoryMarch 11 is the 71st day of the year 2020. There are 295 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Wednesday. This day falls under the 11th week of the year 2020.

On this day in Cokeville, Wyoming 83114 sunrise occured at 07:39 AM and sunset occured at 07:26 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Pisces. The modern birthstone for this month is Aquamarine while the mystical birthstone is Jade.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 338 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 12, 2021).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the November 30 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For March 11

  • 222
    Emperor Elagabalus is assassinated, along with his mother, Julia Soaemias, by the Praetorian Guard during a revolt. Their mutilated bodies are dragged through the streets of Rome before being thrown into the Tiber.
  • 1387
    Battle of Castagnaro: English condottiero Sir John Hawkwood leads Padova to victory in a factional clash with Verona.
  • 1649
    The Frondeurs and the French sign the Peace of Rueil.
  • 1702
    The Daily Courant, England’s first national daily newspaper is published for the first time.
  • 1708
    Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation.
  • 1784
    The signing of the Treaty of Mangalore brings the Second Anglo-Mysore War to an end.
  • 1811
    During André Masséna’s retreat from the Lines of Torres Vedras, a division led by French Marshal Michel Ney fights off a combined Anglo-Portuguese force to give Masséna time to escape.
  • 1824
    The United States Department of War creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • 1845
    The Flagstaff War: Unhappy with translational differences regarding the Treaty of Waitangi, chiefs Hone Heke, Kawiti and Māori tribe members chop down the British flagpole for a fourth time and drive settlers out of Kororareka, New Zealand.
  • 1848
    Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
  • 1851
    The first performance of Rigoletto by Giuseppe Verdi takes place in Venice.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: The Constitution of the Confederate States of America is adopted.
  • 1864
    The Great Sheffield Flood: The largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield.
  • 1867
    The first performance of Don Carlos by Giuseppe Verdi takes place in Paris.
  • 1872
    Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.
  • 1872
    The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture.
  • 1888
    The Great Blizzard of 1888 begins along the eastern seaboard of the United States, shutting down commerce and killing more than 400.
  • 1917
    World War I: Baghdad falls to Anglo-Indian forces commanded by General Stanley Maude.
  • 1927
    In New York City, Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens the Roxy Theatre.
  • 1931
    Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
  • 1941
    World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act into law, allowing American-built war supplies to be shipped to the Allies on loan.
  • 1942
    World War II: General Douglas MacArthur leaves Corregidor.
  • 1945
    World War II: The Empire of Vietnam, a short-lived puppet state, is established with Bảo Đại as its ruler.
  • 1945
    World War II: The Imperial Japanese Navy attempts a large-scale kamikaze attack on the U.S. Pacific Fleet anchored at Ulithi atoll in Operation Tan No. 2.
  • 1977
    The 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege: more than 130 hostages held in Washington, D.C., by Hanafi Muslims are set free after ambassadors from three Islamic nations join negotiations.
  • 1978
    Coastal Road massacre: At least 37 are killed and more than 70 are wounded when Al Fatah hijack an Israeli bus, prompting Israel’s Operation Litani.
  • 1983
    Pakistan successfully conducts a cold test of a nuclear weapon.
  • 1985
    Mikhail Gorbachev becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
  • 1990
    Lithuania declares itself independent from the Soviet Union.
  • 1990
    Patricio Aylwin is sworn in as the first democratically elected President of Chile since 1970.
  • 1993
    Janet Reno is confirmed by the United States Senate and sworn in the next day, becoming the first female Attorney General of the United States.
  • 1999
    Infosys becomes the first Indian company listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange.
  • 2004
    Madrid train bombings: Simultaneous explosions on rush hour trains in Madrid, Spain, kill 191 people.
  • 2006
    Michelle Bachelet is inaugurated as first female president of Chile.
  • 2007
    Russian helicopters reportedly attack the Kodori Valley in Abkhazia, an accusation that Russia categorically denies later.
  • 2009
    Seventeen are killed in a shooting at a school in Germany.
  • 2010
    Economist and businessman Sebastián Piñera is sworn in as President of Chile, while three earthquakes, the strongest measuring magnitude 6.9 and all centered next to Pichilemu, capital of Cardenal Caro Province, hit central Chile during the ceremony.
  • 2011
    An earthquake measuring 9.0 in magnitude strikes 130 km east of Sendai, Japan, triggering a tsunami killing thousands of people. This event also triggered the second largest nuclear accident in history, and one of only two events to be classified as a Level 7 on the International Nuclear Event Scale.

Who Were Born On March 11?

  • 1544
    Torquato Tasso, Italian poet (d. 1595)
  • 1725
    Henry Benedict Stuart, pretender to the throne of Great Britain (d. 1807)
  • 1738
    Benjamin Tupper, Continental Army officer, and pioneer to the Ohio Country (d. 1792)
  • 1745
    Bodawpaya, King of Burma (d. 1819)
  • 1785
    John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1861)
  • 1787
    Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (d. 1852)
  • 1811
    Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician (d. 1877)
  • 1818
    Marius Petipa, French ballet dancer and choreographer (d. 1910)
  • 1822
    Joseph Louis François Bertrand, French mathematician (d. 1900)
  • 1863
    Andrew Stoddart, English cricketer (d. 1915)
  • 1870
    Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (d. 1946)
  • 1872
    Kathleen Clarice Groom, British writer (d. 1954)
  • 1873
    David Horsley, English-born film executive (d. 1933)
  • 1876
    Carl Ruggles, American composer (d. 1971)
  • 1878
    Umegatani Tōtarō II, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 20th Yokozuna (d. 1927)
  • 1880
    Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)
  • 1884
    Lewi Pethrus, Swedish politician (d. 1974)
  • 1885
    Malcolm Campbell, English race car driver (d. 1948)
  • 1887
    Raoul Walsh, American film director (d. 1980)
  • 1890
    Vannevar Bush, American engineer and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1891
    Gertrud Wolle, German actress (d. 1952)
  • 1897
    Henry Cowell, American composer and impresario (d. 1965)
  • 1898
    Dorothy Gish, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1899
    James H. Douglas, Jr. American Secretary of the Air Force (d. 1988)
  • 1899
    King Frederick IX of Denmark (d. 1972)
  • 1903
    Lawrence Welk, American musician (d. 1992)
  • 1903
    Ronald Syme, New Zealand classicist and historian (d. 1989)
  • 1907
    Jessie Matthews, English actress (d. 1981)
  • 1910
    Robert Havemann, German chemist (d. 1982)
  • 1915
    Hans Peter Keller, German writer (d. 1988)
  • 1915
    J. C. R. Licklider, American computer scientist and Internet pioneer (d. 1990)
  • 1915
    Vijay Hazare, Indian cricketer (d. 2004)
  • 1916
    Ezra Jack Keats, children’s literature author (d. 1983)
  • 1916
    Harold Wilson, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1920
    Nicolaas Bloembergen, Dutch physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1921
    Ástor Piazzolla, Argentine composer (d. 1992)
  • 1921
    Frank Harary, American mathematician (d. 2005)
  • 1922
    Cornelius Castoriadis, Greek philosopher and economist (d. 1997)
  • 1922
    José Luis López Vázquez, Spanish actor (d. 2009)
  • 1922
    Tun Abdul Razak Hussein, Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1976)
  • 1926
    İlhan Mimaroğlu, Turkish musician and composer
  • 1926
    Reverend Ralph Abernathy, American civil rights leader (d. 1990)
  • 1927
    Robert Mosbacher, 28th United States Secretary of Commerce (d. 2010)
  • 1928
    Albert Salmi, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1929
    Timothy Carey, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1930
    Claude Jutra, Quebec film actor and director (d. 1986)
  • 1931
    Rupert Murdoch, Australian-born entrepreneur
  • 1932
    Leroy Jenkins, American composer and violinist (d. 2007)
  • 1934
    Sam Donaldson, American reporter
  • 1935
    Sandra Milo, Italian actress
  • 1936
    Antonin Scalia, American Supreme Court Justice
  • 1936
    Hollis Frampton, American filmmaker and theorist.
  • 1937
    Carlos Larrañaga, Spanish actor
  • 1939
    Flaco Jiménez, American musician
  • 1939
    Lorraine Hunt, former Lieutenant Governor of Nevada
  • 1940
    Alberto Cortez, Argentinian singer
  • 1942
    Joel Steiger, American Producer / Writer
  • 1945
    Dock Ellis, American baseball player (d. 2008)
  • 1945
    Harvey Mandel, American musician
  • 1945
    Jose Mari Chan, Chinese-Filipino singer and songwriter
  • 1946
    Patty Waters, American jazz singer
  • 1947
    Tristan Murail, French composer
  • 1948
    César Gerónimo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1948
    Dominique Sanda, French actress
  • 1948
    Roy Barnes, 80th Governor of Georgia
  • 1950
    Bobby McFerrin, American singer
  • 1950
    Jerry Zucker, American director
  • 1952
    Douglas Adams, English writer (d. 2001)
  • 1953
    Bernie LaBarge, Canadian musician
  • 1953
    Derek Daly, Irish-born American race car driver
  • 1953
    László Bölöni, Romanian football player and manager
  • 1954
    Gale Norton, 48th United States Secretary of the Interior
  • 1955
    Nina Hagen, German singer
  • 1956
    Curtis Brown, NASA astronaut
  • 1956
    D. J. MacHale, American author and television writer
  • 1956
    Helen Rollason, British sports journalist and television presenter (d. 1999)
  • 1956
    Joey Buttafuoco, American statutory rapist
  • 1956
    Rob Paulsen, American voice actor
  • 1957
    Cheryl Lynn, American singer
  • 1957
    Lady Chablis, American entertainer
  • 1958
    Anissa Jones, American actress (d. 1976)
  • 1958
    Flemming Rose, Danish journalist
  • 1958
    Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, interim President of Iraq
  • 1958
    Jim Pinkerton, American pundit
  • 1959
    Dejan Stojanović, Serbian-American poet
  • 1959
    Nina Hartley, American porn star, author and feminist
  • 1960
    Christophe Gans, French film director
  • 1961
    Elias Koteas, Canadian actor
  • 1962
    Jeffrey Nordling, American actor
  • 1962
    Matt Mead, American politician
  • 1963
    Alex Kingston, English actress
  • 1963
    Davis Guggenheim, American director and producer
  • 1964
    Emma Chambers, British actress
  • 1964
    Libba Bray, American author
  • 1964
    Peter Berg, American film actor, director and producer
  • 1964
    Shane Richie, British actor
  • 1964
    Vinnie Paul, American drummer (Pantera)
  • 1965
    Jesse Jackson, Jr., American politician
  • 1965
    Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen, British television presenter
  • 1965
    Nigel Adkins, English football manager
  • 1965
    Wallace Langham, American actor
  • 1966
    Ilias Zouros, Greek basketball coach
  • 1966
    Joe Hachem, Lebanese-born Australian poker player
  • 1967
    Brad Carson, American politician
  • 1967
    John Barrowman, Scottish-American actor
  • 1968
    Lisa Loeb, American singer-songwriter
  • 1969
    Soraya, Colombian-American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1969
    Terrence Howard, American actor
  • 1970
    Delia Gallagher, American journalist
  • 1971
    Johnny Knoxville, American television personality
  • 1971
    Martin Ručinský, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1972
    Paolo Ponzo, Italian footballer
  • 1973
    Martin Hiden, Austrian footballer
  • 1974
    Bobby Abreu, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1974
    Jon Dalton, American reality show personality
  • 1974
    Kate Brian, American author
  • 1975
    Eric the Midget, American radio personality
  • 1975
    Shawn Springs, American football player
  • 1976
    Thomas Gravesen, Danish footballer
  • 1977
    Andre Nickatina, American rapper
  • 1977
    Becky Hammon, American basketball player
  • 1978
    Albert Luque, Spanish footballer
  • 1978
    Christopher Rice, American author
  • 1978
    Didier Drogba, Ivorian footballer
  • 1978
    Paulo Musse, Brazilian footballer
  • 1979
    Benji Madden, American guitarist (Good Charlotte)
  • 1979
    Elton Brand, American basketball player
  • 1979
    Fred Jones, American basketball player
  • 1979
    Joel Madden, American singer (Good Charlotte)
  • 1980
    Dan Uggla, American baseball player
  • 1980
    Paul Scharner, Austrian footballer
  • 1981
    David Anders, American actor
  • 1981
    Heidi Cortez, American entrepreneur
  • 1981
    LeToya Luckett, American singer (ex-Destiny’s Child)
  • 1981
    Lee Evans, American football player
  • 1981
    Paul Wall, American rapper
  • 1981
    Russell Lissack, English musician (Bloc Party)
  • 1982
    Benjamin Krause, German rugby player
  • 1982
    Brian Anderson, Major League Baseball player
  • 1982
    Lindsey McKeon, American actress
  • 1982
    Thora Birch, American actress
  • 1983
    Adil Mezgour, Moroccan footballer
  • 1983
    Bianca Gonzalez, Filipina TV host and model
  • 1983
    Marietta Chrousala, Greek fashion model
  • 1983
    Melissa Rycroft, American reality show personality
  • 1984
    Anna Tsuchiya, Japanese model, actress and singer
  • 1984
    Marc-André Grondin, Canadian actor
  • 1984
    Tom James, British rower
  • 1985
    Ajantha Mendis, Sri Lankan Cricketer
  • 1985
    Derek Schouman, American football player
  • 1985
    Hakuhō Shō, Mongolian sumo wrestler, the 69th Yokozuna
  • 1985
    Nikolai Topor-Stanley, Australian footballer
  • 1985
    Paul Bissonnette, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985
    Stelios Malezas, Greek footballer
  • 1986
    Mariko Shinoda, Japanese actress (AKB48)
  • 1987
    Marc-André Gragnani, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1988
    Fábio Coentrão, Portuguese football player
  • 1989
    Anton Yelchin, Russian/American actor
  • 1990
    Janna Dominguez, Filipina actress
  • 1990
    Reiley McClendon, American actor
  • 1991
    Jack Rodwell, English footballer
  • 1992
    Sacha Parkinson, British actress

Who Died On March 11?

  • 1425 BC
    Pharaoh Thutmose III of Egypt
  • 222
    Elagabalus, Roman Emperor
  • 222
    Julia Soaemias, mother of Elagabalus (b. 180)
  • 859
    Eulogius of Cordoba, Spanish Bishop and Christian Martyr
  • 1198
    Marie de Champagne, daughter of Louis VII of France (b. 1145)
  • 1486
    Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg (b. 1414)
  • 1514
    Donato Bramante, Italian architect (b. 1444)
  • 1575
    Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer (b. 1520)
  • 1602
    Emilio de' Cavalieri, Italian composer
  • 1607
    Giovanni Maria Nanino, Italian composer
  • 1722
    John Toland, Irish philosopher (b. 1670)
  • 1759
    John Forbes, British general (b. 1710)
  • 1786
    Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1714)
  • 1801
    Paul I of Russia (b. 1754)
  • 1820
    Benjamin West, English-American painter (b. 1738)
  • 1851
    George McDuffie, Governor of South Carolina (b. 1790)
  • 1854
    Willard Richards, American religious figure (b. 1804)
  • 1856
    James Beatty, Irish railway engineer (b. 1820)
  • 1863
    Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet, English general (b. 1803)
  • 1866
    Ulysses F. Doubleday, American congressman (b. 1792)
  • 1869
    Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1803)
  • 1870
    King Moshoeshoe I of Lesotho
  • 1874
    Charles Sumner, American politician (b. 1811)
  • 1898
    Dikran Tchouhadjian, Armenian composer and public activist (b. 1837)
  • 1898
    William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)
  • 1907
    Jean Casimir-Perier, French politician (b. 1847)
  • 1908
    Benjamin Waugh, American activist (b. 1839)
  • 1915
    Thomas Alexander Browne, Australian writer (b. 1826)
  • 1920
    Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)
  • 1931
    Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau, German film director (b. 1888)
  • 1937
    Joseph S. Cullinan, American oil industrialist (b. 1860)
  • 1944
    Hendrik Willem van Loon, Dutch-born American historian (b. 1882)
  • 1949
    Anastasios Charalambis, Greek general and interim Prime Minister (b. 1862)
  • 1951
    János Zsupánek, Slovene (Prekmurian) poet and writer (b. 1861)
  • 1952
    Pierre Renoir, French stage and film actor and director (b. 1885)
  • 1955
    Oscar Mayer, Bavarian-born American meat packer (b. 1859)
  • 1955
    Sir Alexander Fleming, Scottish scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1957
    Admiral Richard E. Byrd, American explorer (b. 1888)
  • 1958
    Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor of Legos (b. 1891)
  • 1960
    Roy Chapman Andrews, American explorer and adventurer (b. 1884)
  • 1967
    Geraldine Farrar, American soprano (b. 1882)
  • 1969
    John Wyndham, English author (b. 1903)
  • 1970
    Erle Stanley Gardner, American novelist (b. 1889)
  • 1971
    Philo T. Farnsworth, American inventor (b. 1906)
  • 1971
    Whitney Young, American civil rights figure (b. 1921)
  • 1977
    Alberto Rodriguez Larreta, Argentine racing driver (b. 1934)
  • 1977
    Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist (b. 1893)
  • 1978
    Claude François, French singer (b. 1939)
  • 1978
    Sofia Vembo, Greek singer (b. 1910)
  • 1982
    Edmund Cooper, English author (b. 1926)
  • 1982
    Horace Gregory, American poet (b. 1898)
  • 1984
    Kostas Roukounas, Greek rembetiko singer and song writer (b. 1903)
  • 1986
    Sonny Terry, American blues musician (b. 1911)
  • 1987
    Joe Gladwin, English actor (b. 1906)
  • 1989
    James Kee, American politician (b. 1917)
  • 1989
    John J. McCloy, United States Secretary of War (b. 1895)
  • 1990
    Dean Horrix, English footballer (b. 1961)
  • 1992
    Richard Brooks, American film director (b. 1912)
  • 1993
    Dino Bravo, Italian-born professional wrestler (b. 1949),
  • 1995
    Myfanwy Talog, Welsh actress (b. 1945)
  • 1996
    Vince Edwards, American film actor and director (b. 1928)
  • 1999
    Camille Laurin, Quebec psychiatrist and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2002
    James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2003
    Brian Cleeve, Irish author (b. 1921)
  • 2003
    Ivar Hansen, Danish politician (b. 1938)
  • 2006
    Bernie “Boom Boom” Geoffrion, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1931)
  • 2006
    Slobodan Milošević, President of Serbia and Yugoslavia (b. 1941)
  • 2007
    Betty Hutton, American actress and singer (b. 1921)
  • 2008
    Nils Taube, Estonian-born British fund manager (b. 1928)
  • 2009
    Charles Lewis, Jr., American businessman, promoter and entertainer (b. 1963)
  • 2010
    Hans van Mierlo, Dutch politician (b. 1931)
  • 2010
    Leena Peltonen-Palotie, Finnish human geneticist (b. 1952)
  • 2010
    Merlin Olsen, American football player and actor (b. 1940)
  • 2011
    Gary Wichard, American professional sports agent (b. 1950)

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