What happened on July 7? There are more than 274 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 7

July 7 In HistoryJuly 7 is the 188th day of the year 2021. There are 177 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Wednesday. This day falls under the 27th week of the year 2021.

On this day in New York, New York 10116 sunrise occured at 05:32 AM and sunset occured at 08:29 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Cancer. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 209 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 1, 2022).

Birthday curiousity Is your birthday coming up in two days? Are you not curious to find out who is sharing your special day? Discover all the September 30 famous birthdays. There are fun facts about that day that you must know. (Sponsored link)

July 7: A Day In History

The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced “Seven-seven”) have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London’s transport system. In China, this term is used to denote the Battle of Lugou Bridge started on July 7, 1937, marking the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Historical Events For July 7

  • 1456
    A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death.
  • 1534
    European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in New Brunswick.
  • 1543
    French troops invade Luxembourg.
  • 1575
    Raid of the Redeswire, the last major battle between England and Scotland.
  • 1585
    The Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France.
  • 1770
    The Battle of Larga between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire takes place.
  • 1777
    American Revolutionary War: American forces retreating from Fort Ticonderoga are defeated in the Battle of Hubbardton.
  • 1798
    Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the “war”.
  • 1807
    Napoleonic Wars: the Peace of Tilsit between France, Prussia and Russia ends the Fourth Coalition.
  • 1834
    In New York City, four nights of rioting against abolitionists began.
  • 1846
    Mexican-American War: American troops occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena, thus beginning the U.S. acquisition of California.
  • 1863
    United States begins its first military draft; exemptions cost $300.
  • 1865
    American Civil War: four conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln are hanged.
  • 1892
    Katipunan: the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established, contributing to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia.
  • 1898
    U.S. President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States.
  • 1911
    The United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Russia sign the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911 banning open-water seal hunting, the first international treaty to address wildlife preservation issues.
  • 1915
    An International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.
  • 1915
    Militia officer Henry Pedris executed by firing squad at Colombo, Ceylon - an act widely regarded as a miscarriage of justice by the British colonial authorities.
  • 1915
    World War I: end of First Battle of the Isonzo.
  • 1928
    Sliced bread is sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri.
  • 1930
    Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser begins construction of the Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam).
  • 1937
    Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge – Japanese forces invade Beijing, China.
  • 1941
    World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops.
  • 1941
    World War II: U.S. forces land in Iceland, taking over from an earlier British occupation.
  • 1944
    World War II: Largest Banzai charge of the Pacific War at the Battle of Saipan.
  • 1946
    Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 spy plane prototype crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.
  • 1946
    Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first American to be canonized.
  • 1952
    The ocean liner SS United States passes Bishop’s Rock on her maiden voyage, breaking the transatlantic speed record to become the fastest passenger ship in the world.
  • 1953
    Ernesto “Che” Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador.
  • 1954
    Elvis Presley made his radio debut when WHBQ Memphis played his first recording for Sun Records, “That’s All Right.”
  • 1956
    Fritz Moravec and two other Austrian mountaineers make the first ascent of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m).
  • 1958
    U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into law.
  • 1959
    Venus occults the star Regulus. This rare event is used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere.
  • 1978
    The Solomon Islands become independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1980
    During the Lebanese civil war, 83 Tiger militants are killed during what will be known as the Safra massacre.
  • 1980
    Institution of sharia in Iran.
  • 1981
    U.S. President Ronald Reagan appoints Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first female member of the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • 1983
    Cold War: Samantha Smith, a U.S. schoolgirl, flies to the Soviet Union at the invitation of Secretary General Yuri Andropov.
  • 1985
    Boris Becker becomes the youngest player ever to win Wimbledon at age 17
  • 1991
    Yugoslav Wars: the Brioni Agreement ends the ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • 1997
    The Turkish Armed Forces withdraw from northern Iraq after assisting the Kurdistan Democratic Party in the Iraqi Kurdish Civil War.
  • 2002
    A scandal breaks out in the United Kingdom when news reports accuse MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, the supposed European Al Qaeda leader.
  • 2005
    A series of four explosions occurs on London’s transport system killing 56 people including four alleged suicide bombers and injuring over 700 others.
  • 2011
    Roof of a stand in De Grolsch Veste Stadium in Enschede which was under construction collapsed, one killed and 14 injured.

Who Were Born On July 7?

  • 1053
    Emperor Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1129)
  • 1119
    Emperor Sutoku of Japan (d. 1164)
  • 1207
    Princess Elisabeth of Hungary Catholic saint (d. 1231)
  • 1528
    Archduchess Anna of Austria, daughter of Ferdinand I (d. 1590)
  • 1586
    Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, English statesman and art collector (d. 1646)
  • 1656
    Guru Har Krishan, Indian religious figure (d. 1664)
  • 1746
    Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (d. 1826)
  • 1752
    Joseph Marie Jacquard, French inventor (d. 1834)
  • 1766
    Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (d. 1815)
  • 1833
    Félicien Rops, Belgian artist, and printmaker in etching and aquatint (d. 1898)
  • 1843
    Camillo Golgi, Italian physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1926)
  • 1848
    Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, Brazilian politician (d. 1919)
  • 1851
    Charles Tindley, American gospel music composer (d. 1933)
  • 1855
    Ludwig Ganghofer, German writer (d. 1920)
  • 1860
    Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer (d. 1911)
  • 1874
    Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)
  • 1884
    Lion Feuchtwanger, German dramatist (d. 1958)
  • 1887
    Marc Chagall, Russian painter (d. 1985)
  • 1891
    Tadamichi Kuribayashi, Japanese general (d. 1945)
  • 1891
    Virginia Rappe, American actress (d. 1921)
  • 1893
    Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (d. 1981)
  • 1899
    George Cukor, American director (d. 1983)
  • 1900
    Earle E. Partridge, American military commander (d. 1990)
  • 1901
    Eiji Tsuburaya, Japanese film producer (d. 1970)
  • 1901
    Sam Katzman, American film producer (d. 1973)
  • 1901
    Vittorio De Sica, Italian director (d. 1974)
  • 1902
    Ted Radcliffe, American baseball player and centenarian (d. 2005)
  • 1904
    Simone Beck, French chef (d. 1991)
  • 1906
    Anna Marie Hahn, German-born American serial killer (d. 1938)
  • 1906
    Anton Karas, Austrian zither player (d. 1985)
  • 1906
    Satchel Paige, American baseball player (d. 1982)
  • 1906
    William Feller, Croatian-American mathematician/probabilist (d. 1970)
  • 1907
    Robert A. Heinlein, American writer (d. 1988)
  • 1908
    Revilo P. Oliver, American academic and White nationalism advocate (d. 1994)
  • 1911
    Gian Carlo Menotti, Italian composer (d. 2007)
  • 1911
    Gretchen Franklin, English actress (d. 2005)
  • 1913
    Pinetop Perkins, American blues pianist (d. 2011)
  • 1915
    Margaret Abigail Walker Alexander, American novelist and poet (d. 1998)
  • 1917
    Fidel Sánchez Hernández, El Salvador politician (d. 2003)
  • 1919
    Jon Pertwee, English actor (d. 1996)
  • 1920
    Bhaktaraj Maharaj, Indian Hindu figure (d. 1995)
  • 1921
    Adolf von Thadden, German politician (d. 1996)
  • 1921
    Ezzard Charles, American boxer (d. 1975)
  • 1922
    Alan Armer, American television producer, and director (d. 2010)
  • 1922
    Pierre Cardin, French fashion designer
  • 1924
    Mary Ford, American singer (d. 1977)
  • 1925
    Wally Phillips, American radio personality (d. 2008)
  • 1927
    Carmen Basilio, American boxer
  • 1927
    Charlie Louvin, American country music singer-songwriter (d. 2011) (Louvin Brothers)
  • 1927
    Doc Severinsen, American composer and jazz trumpeter
  • 1929
    Hasan Abidi, Pakistani journalist and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1930
    Hank Mobley, American jazz composer and saxophonist (d. 1986)
  • 1930
    Theodore Edgar McCarrick, American cardinal
  • 1931
    David Eddings, American fantasy novelist (d. 2009)
  • 1932
    Joe Zawinul, Austrian jazz composer and keyboardist (d. 2007)
  • 1933
    Bruce Wells, English boxer and actor (d. 2009)
  • 1933
    David McCullough, American historian and author
  • 1933
    Murray Halberg, New Zealand middle distance runner
  • 1936
    Jo Siffert, Swiss race car driver (d. 1971)
  • 1936
    Nikos Xilouris, Greek singer (d. 1980)
  • 1937
    Tung Chee-Hwa, Hong Kong administrator
  • 1940
    Ringo Starr, English drummer and singer (The Beatles)
  • 1941
    Bill Oddie, English comedian and ornithologist
  • 1941
    Marco Bollesan, Italian rugby player and coach
  • 1941
    Michael Howard, British politician
  • 1942
    Carmen Duncan, Australian actress
  • 1943
    Joel Siegel, American film critic (d. 2007)
  • 1943
    Toto Cutugno, Italian singer
  • 1944
    Tony Jacklin, English golfer
  • 1945
    Matti Salminen, Finnish opera singer
  • 1945
    Michael Ancram, British politician
  • 1946
    Joe Spano, American actor
  • 1947
    Felix Standaert, Belgian diplomat
  • 1947
    Gyanendra, deposed king of Nepal
  • 1947
    Howard Rheingold, American critic and writer
  • 1947
    Rob Townsend, English drummer (Family)
  • 1947
    Víctor Manuel, Spanish songwriter and singer
  • 1948
    Jean Leclerc, French-Canadian actor
  • 1949
    Shelley Duvall, American actress
  • 1952
    Mando Guerrero, Mexican professional wrestler
  • 1954
    Rami Fortis, Israeli rock singer (Minimal Compact)
  • 1955
    Len Barker, American baseball player
  • 1957
    Berry Sakharof, Turkish-born Israeli guitarist (Minimal Compact)
  • 1957
    Jonathan Dayton, American film director
  • 1959
    Ben Linder, American engineer (d. 1987)
  • 1959
    Billy Campbell, American actor
  • 1959
    Jessica Hahn, American model
  • 1960
    Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut
  • 1960
    Ralph Sampson, American basketball player
  • 1963
    Vonda Shepard, American singer
  • 1965
    Jeremy Guscott, English rugby player
  • 1965
    Jeremy Kyle, English television presenter
  • 1965
    Mo Collins, American actress
  • 1965
    Paula Devicq, Canadian actress
  • 1965
    Sam Holbrook, American baseball umpire
  • 1966
    Gundula Krause, German folk violinist
  • 1966
    Jim Gaffigan, American comedian
  • 1966
    Neil Tobin, American magician and psychic entertainer
  • 1967
    Jackie Neal, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1967
    Tom Kristensen, Danish race car driver
  • 1968
    Allen Payne, American actor
  • 1968
    Amy Carlson, American actress
  • 1968
    Jeff VanderMeer, American writer
  • 1968
    Jorja Fox, American actress
  • 1969
    Cree Summer, American voice actress
  • 1969
    Joe Sakic, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969
    Nathalie Simard, French Canadian singer
  • 1969
    Robin Weigert, American actress
  • 1969
    Sylke Otto, German luger
  • 1970
    Erik Zabel, German cyclist
  • 1970
    Robia LaMorte, American actress and dancer
  • 1970
    Wayne McCullough, Irish boxer
  • 1971
    Alistair Potts, British rower
  • 1971
    Christian Camargo, American actor
  • 1972
    Kirsten Vangsness, American actress
  • 1972
    Lisa Leslie, American basketball player
  • 1972
    Manfred Stohl, Austrian rally driver
  • 1973
    José Jiménez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973
    Kārlis Skrastiņš, Latvian ice hockey player (d. 2011)
  • 1973
    Matt Mantei, American baseball player
  • 1973
    Natsuki Takaya, Japanese manga artist
  • 1973
    Troy Garity, American actor
  • 1974
    Patrick Lalime, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975
    Michael Voss, Australian rules footballer
  • 1975
    Tony Benshoof, American luger
  • 1976
    Dominic Foley, Irish footballer
  • 1977
    D-Loc, American rapper (Kottonmouth Kings)
  • 1977
    Felix Vasquez, American municipal employee
  • 1978
    Chris Andersen, American basketball player
  • 1978
    Davor Kraljević, Croatian footballer
  • 1979
    Anastasios Gousis, Greek sprinter
  • 1979
    Carl Breeze, British racing driver
  • 1980
    Dan Whitesides, American drummer (The Used)
  • 1980
    Deidre Downs, American beauty queen
  • 1980
    John Buck, American baseball player
  • 1980
    Kaisa Jouhki, Indonesian singer (Battlelore)
  • 1980
    Michelle Kwan, American figure skater
  • 1981
    Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Indian cricketer
  • 1981
    Synyster Gates, American guitarist (Avenged Sevenfold)
  • 1982
    Cassidy, American rapper
  • 1982
    George Owu, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1982
    Jan Laštůvka, Czech footballer
  • 1982
    Mike Glita, American bassist (Senses Fail)
  • 1982
    Nick Karner, American filmmaker
  • 1983
    Ciara Newell, Irish singer (Bellefire)
  • 1983
    D. Woods, American singer (Danity Kane)
  • 1983
    Justin Davies, Australian rules footballer
  • 1984
    Alberto Aquilani, Italian footballer
  • 1984
    Marie-Mai, Canadian singer
  • 1984
    Minas Alozidis, Greek hurdler
  • 1984
    Mohammad Ashraful, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1986
    Ana Kasparian, American radio personality
  • 1986
    Udo Schwarz, German rugby player
  • 1987
    Julianna Guill, American actress
  • 1987
    Lena Ma, Canadian beauty pageant contestant
  • 1988
    Ilan Rubin, American drummer (Nine Inch Nails)
  • 1988
    Jack Whitehall, British comedian
  • 1988
    Kaci Brown, American singer
  • 1988
    Lukas Rosenthal, German rugby player
  • 1989
    Kim Bum, South Korean actor
  • 1990
    Lee Addy, Ghanian football player
  • 2000
    Princess Purnika of Nepal

Who Died On July 7?

  • 1304
    Pope Benedict XI (b. 1240)
  • 1307
    King Edward I of England (b. 1239)
  • 1537
    Madeleine of Valois, French-born Queen consort of James V of Scotland (b. 1520)
  • 1572
    King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland (b. 1520)
  • 1573
    Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (b. 1507)
  • 1647
    Thomas Hooker, English-born Connecticut colonist (b. 1586)
  • 1663
    Thomas Baltzar, German violinist
  • 1701
    William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (b. 1631)
  • 1713
    Henry Compton, Bishop of Oxford and member of the Privy Council of England (b. 1632)
  • 1730
    Olivier Levasseur, French pirate (b. 1688 or 1690)
  • 1764
    William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, English politician (b. 1683)
  • 1776
    Jeremiah Markland, English classical scholar (b. 1693)
  • 1790
    François Hemsterhuis, Dutch philosopher (b. 1721)
  • 1816
    Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright and politician (b. 1751)
  • 1855
    Konstantin Batyushkov, Russian poet (b. 1787)
  • 1865
    David Herold, American conspirator in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (b. 1842)
  • 1865
    George Atzerodt, German-born conspirator in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (b. 1833)
  • 1865
    Lewis Payne, American conspirator in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (b. 1844)
  • 1865
    Mary Surratt, American conspirator in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln and the first woman ever executed in the USA (b. 1823)
  • 1878
    Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
  • 1890
    Henri Nestlé, German confectioner and founder of Nestlé S.A. (b. 1814)
  • 1901
    Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (b. 1827)
  • 1913
    Edward Burd Grubb, Jr., American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General (b. 1841)
  • 1922
    Cathal Brugha, Chief of Staff of Irish Republican Army (b. 1874)
  • 1925
    Clarence Hudson White American photographer (b. 1871)
  • 1927
    Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (b. 1846)
  • 1930
    Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish writer (b. 1859)
  • 1932
    Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (b. 1880)
  • 1932
    Henry Eyster Jacobs, American Lutheran theologian (b. 1844)
  • 1942
    Thomas Xenakis, Greek gymnast (b. 1875)
  • 1949
    Bunk Johnson, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1879 or 1889)
  • 1954
    Idabelle Smith Firestone, American composer and songwriter (b. 1874)
  • 1956
    Gottfried Benn, German poet (b. 1886)
  • 1964
    Lillian Copeland, American discus thrower (b. 1904)
  • 1965
    Moshe Sharett, Ukraine-born 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1894)
  • 1967
    Vivien Leigh, English actress (b. 1913)
  • 1968
    Jo Schlesser, French race car driver (b. 1928)
  • 1971
    Claude Gauvreau, Canadian writer (b. 1925)
  • 1971
    Ub Iwerks, American artist, director, and cartoonist (b. 1901)
  • 1972
    Athenagoras, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1886)
  • 1972
    King Talal of Jordan (b. 1909)
  • 1973
    Max Horkheimer, German philosopher and sociologist (b. 1895)
  • 1973
    Veronica Lake, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 1975
    Ruffian, American thoroughbred racehorse (b. 1972)
  • 1976
    Walter Giesler, American football coach (b. 1910)
  • 1980
    Dore Schary, American film producer and writer (b. 1905)
  • 1981
    Peace Pilgrim, American pacifist and activist (b. 1908)
  • 1984
    Alexander Fu Sheng, Hong Kong actor (b. 1954)
  • 1984
    Carl Boenish, American BASE jumping supporter (b. 1941)
  • 1987
    Hannelore Schroth, German actress (b. 1922)
  • 1990
    Bill Cullen, American game show host (b. 1920)
  • 1990
    Cazuza, Brazilian poet, singer and composer (b. 1958)
  • 1993
    Mia Zapata, American singer (The Gits) (b. 1965)
  • 1994
    Carlo Chiti, Italian race car engineer (b. 1924)
  • 1994
    Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte, German Luftwaffe officer (b. 1907)
  • 1998
    M. K. O. Abiola, Nigerian industrialist and politician (b. 1937)
  • 1999
    Captain Vikram Batra, Indian Army officer and Param Vir Chakra recipient (b. 1974)
  • 1999
    Julie Campbell Tatham, American writer (b. 1908)
  • 2000
    Kenny Irwin, Jr., American race car driver (b. 1969)
  • 2001
    Fred Neil, American singer-songwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2002
    Bison Dele, American basketball player (b. 1969)
  • 2003
    Izhak Graziani, Bulgarian-born conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2003
    Vlado Kristl, Croatian painter, animator and film director (b. 1923)
  • 2006
    John Money, New Zealand-born American sexologist (b. 1921)
  • 2006
    Juan de Ávalos, Spanish sculptor (b. 1911)
  • 2006
    Syd Barrett, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Pink Floyd) (b. 1946)
  • 2008
    Bruce Conner, American sculptor, painter and photographer (b. 1933)
  • 2008
    Dorian Leigh, American supermodel (b. 1917)

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