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What happened on October 12? There are more than 307 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About October 12

October 12 In HistoryOctober 12 is the 285th day of the year 2017. There are 80 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Thursday. This day falls under the 41st week of the year 2017.

On this day in Bantry, North Dakota 58713 sunrise occured at 12:59 PM and sunset occured at 11:58 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Libra. The modern birthstone for this month is Opal while the mystical birthstone is Jasper.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 130 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 19, 2018).

Birthday curiousity Is October 12 your birthday? Are you not curious to find some fun facts about your birthday? Find out ‘what my birthday mean’ and what was the number one song on my day of birth. Get a free ninja poster! (Sponsored link)

Historical Events For October 12

  • 539 BC
    The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon.
  • 1216
    King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge
  • 1279
    Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk founder of Nichiren Buddhism, inscribes the Dai-Gohonzon
  • 1398
    The Treaty of Salynas is signed between Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Knights, who received Samogitia.
  • 1492
    Christopher Columbus’s expedition makes landfall in the Caribbean, specifically in The Bahamas. The explorer believes he has reached India
  • 1582
    Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1654
    The Delft Explosion devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100 people.
  • 1692
    The Salem witch trials are ended by a letter from Massachusetts Governor William Phips.
  • 1773
    America‘s first insane asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds’in Virginia
  • 1792
    First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York
  • 1793
    The cornerstone of Old East, the oldest state university building in the United States, is laid on the campus of the University of North Carolina
  • 1810
    First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.
  • 1822
    Peter I of Brazil is proclaimed the emperor of the Brazil
  • 1823
    Charles Macintosh of Scotland sells the first raincoat.
  • 1871
    Criminal Tribes Act (CTA) enacted by British rule in India, which named over 160 local communities 'Criminal Tribes', i.e. hereditary criminals. Repealed in 1949, after Independence of India.
  • 1892
    The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited by students in many US public schools, as part of a celebration marking the 400th anniversary of Columbus’s voyage.
  • 1901
    President Theodore Roosevelt officially renames the “Executive Mansion” to the White House.
  • 1915
    World War I: British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium
  • 1917
    World War I: The First Battle of Passchendaele takes place resulting in the largest single day loss of life in New Zealand history.
  • 1918
    A massive forest fire kills 453 people in Minnesota.
  • 1928
    An iron lung respirator is used for the first time at Children’s Hospital, Boston
  • 1933
    The United States Army Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island, is acquired by the United States Department of Justice
  • 1942
    World War II: Japanese ships retreat after their defeat in the Battle of Cape Esperance with the Japanese commander, Aritomo Gotō dying from wounds suffered in the battle and two Japanese destroyers sunk by Allied air attack.
  • 1944
    World War II: The Liberation of Athens from the German invaders.
  • 1945
    World War II: Desmond Doss is the first conscientious objector to receive the U.S. Medal of Honor.
  • 1953
    “The Caine Mutiny Court Martial” opens at Plymouth Theatre, New York
  • 1959
    At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde.
  • 1960
    Cold War: Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a desk at United Nations General Assembly meeting to protest a Philippine assertion of Soviet Union colonial policy being conducted in Eastern Europe
  • 1960
    Inejiro Asanuma, Chair of the Japanese Socialist Party, is assassinated in Japan by Otoya Yamaguchi, a 17-year-old. The cameras were rolling at the time, so the moment was caught on film.
  • 1962
    Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages
  • 1964
    The Soviet Union launches the Voskhod 1 into Earth orbit as the first spacecraft with a multi-person crew and the first flight without space suits
  • 1967
    Vietnam War: US Secretary of State Dean Rusk states during a news conference that proposals by the U.S. Congress for peace initiatives are futile because of North Vietnam’s opposition
  • 1968
    Equatorial Guinea becomes independent from Spain
  • 1970
    Vietnam War: US President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will withdraw 40,000 more troops before Christmas
  • 1979
    The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, the first of five books in the Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy comedy science fiction series by Douglas Adams is published.
  • 1979
    The lowest recorded non-tornadic atmospheric pressure, 87.0 kPa (870 mbar or 25.69 inHg), occurred in the Western Pacific during Typhoon Tip.
  • 1983
    Japan’s former Prime Minister Tanaka Kakuei is found guilty of taking a million bribe from Lockheed and is sentenced to 4 years in jail.
  • 1984
    Brighton hotel bombing: The Provisional Irish Republican Army attempt to assassinate Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her cabinet. Thatcher escapes but the bomb kills five people and wounds 31.
  • 1986
    Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visit the People’s Republic of China
  • 1988
    Jaffna University Helidrop: Commandos of Indian Peace Keeping Force raided the Jaffna University campus to capture the LTTE chief and walked into a trap.
  • 1988
    Two officers of the Victoria Police are gunned down executional style in the Walsh Street police shootings, Australia.
  • 1991
    Askar Akayev, previously chosen President of Kyrgyzstan by republic’s Supreme Soviet, is confirmed president in an uncontested poll.
  • 1994
    NASA loses radio contact with the Magellan spacecraft as the probe descends into the thick atmosphere of Venus (the spacecraft presumably burned up in the atmosphere).
  • 1997
    Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria; 43 killed at a fake roadblock.
  • 1999
    Pervez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan from Nawaz Sharif through a bloodless coup.
  • 1999
    The Day of Six Billion: The proclaimed 6 billionth living human in the world is born.
  • 1999
    The former Autonomous Soviet Republic of Abkhazia declares its independence from Georgia
  • 2000
    The USS Cole is badly damaged in Aden, Yemen, by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39
  • 2002
    Terrorists detonate bombs in the Sari Club in Kuta, Bali, killing 202 and wounding over 300.
  • 2005
    The second Chinese human spaceflight Shenzhou 6 launched carrying Fèi Jùnlóng and Niè Hǎishèng for five days in orbit.

Who Were Born On October 12?

  • 1006
    Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan (d. 1036)
  • 1350
    Dmitry Donskoy, Grand Prince of Moscovy (d. 1389)
  • 1490
    Bernardo Pisano, Italian composer (d. 1548)
  • 1537
    King Edward VI of England (d. 1553)
  • 1558
    Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (d. 1618)
  • 1558
    Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit (d. 1651)
  • 1576
    Thomas Dudley, English-born American colonial magistrate (d. 1653)
  • 1602
    William Chillingworth, English religious leader (d. 1644)
  • 1710
    Jonathan Trumbull, American politician and 16th Governor of Connecticut (d. 1785)
  • 1712
    William Shippen, American physician and statesman (d. 1801)
  • 1725
    Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (d. 1810)
  • 1792
    Christian Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1860)
  • 1798
    Pedro I of Brazil (d. 1834)
  • 1801
    Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss statesman (d. 1873)
  • 1815
    William J. Hardee, American Confederate general (d. 1873)
  • 1840
    Helena Modjeska, Polish actress (d. 1909)
  • 1855
    Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (d. 1922)
  • 1860
    Elmer Sperry, American inventor (d. 1930)
  • 1865
    Arthur Harden, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1866
    Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1937)
  • 1872
    Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer (d. 1958)
  • 1874
    Jimmy Burke, American baseball player (d. 1942)
  • 1875
    Aleister Crowley, English occultist and author (d. 1947)
  • 1880
    Louis Hémon, French novelist (d. 1913)
  • 1887
    Paula von Preradović, Croatian-Austrian poet (d. 1951)
  • 1891
    Edith Stein, Carmelite Catholic nun (d. 1942)
  • 1892
    Gilda dalla Rizza, Italian soprano (d. 1975)
  • 1893
    Velvalee Dickinson, American spy (d. 1980)
  • 1894
    Elisabeth of Romania (d. 1956)
  • 1896
    Eugenio Montale, Italian poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1904
    Ding Ling, Chinese writer (d. 1986)
  • 1904
    Lester Dent, American writer (d. 1959)
  • 1906
    Joe Cronin, American baseball player and executive (d. 1984)
  • 1906
    John Murray, American playwright (d.1984)
  • 1908
    Ann Petry, American novelist (d. 1997)
  • 1908
    Paul Engle, American writer (d. 1991)
  • 1910
    Robert Fitzgerald, American poet and translator (d. 1985)
  • 1913
    Alice Chetwynd Ley, British romance writer (d. 2004)
  • 1916
    Alice Childress, American actress and playwright (d. 1994)
  • 1917
    Roque Máspoli, Uruguayan footballer (d. 2004)
  • 1919
    Gilles Beaudoin, Quebec politician (d. 2007)
  • 1920
    Christopher Soames, Baron Soames, British politician (d. 1987)
  • 1920
    Christy Ring, Irish hurler (d. 1979)
  • 1921
    Art Clokey, American animator (Gumby) (d. 2010)
  • 1921
    Jaroslav Drobný, Czech-Egyptian-British tennis player (d. 2001)
  • 1923
    Goody Petronelli, American boxing trainer and manager
  • 1924
    Doris Grau, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1924
    Leonidas Kyrkos, Greek politician (d. 2011)
  • 1925
    Denis Lazure, Quebec politician (d. 2008)
  • 1929
    Magnús Magnússon, Icelandic television presenter (d. 2007)
  • 1929
    Nappy Brown, American R&B singer (d. 2008)
  • 1929
    Robert Coles, American psychologist and author
  • 1930
    Denis Brodeur, French-Canadian hockey photographer
  • 1930
    Milica Kacin Wohinz, Slovenian historian
  • 1931
    Ole-Johan Dahl, Norwegian computer scientist (d. 2002)
  • 1932
    Dick Gregory, American comedian and activist
  • 1932
    Ned Jarrett, American race car driver
  • 1933
    Guido Molinari, Canadian painter (d. 2004)
  • 1934
    Albert Shiryaev, Russian mathematician
  • 1934
    Richard Meier, American architect
  • 1935
    Don Howe, English football player and manager
  • 1935
    Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor (d. 2007)
  • 1935
    Sam Moore, American R&B singer (Sam & Dave)
  • 1935
    Tony Kubek, American baseball player
  • 1937
    Paul Hawkins, Australian racing driver (d. 1969)
  • 1937
    Robert Mangold, American artist
  • 1938
    Bob Miller, American NHL broadcaster
  • 1941
    Michael Mansfield, English barrister
  • 1942
    Alprentice “Bunchy” Carter (Black Panther Party) (d. 1969)
  • 1942
    Daliah Lavi, Israeli actress and singer
  • 1942
    Melvin Franklin, American singer (The Temptations) (d. 1995)
  • 1944
    Angela Rippon, British television personality
  • 1945
    Aurore Clément, French actress
  • 1945
    Dusty Rhodes, American professional wrestler
  • 1947
    Chris Wallace, American journalist
  • 1947
    George Lam, Hong Kong singer
  • 1948
    Hans Sprenger, German footballer
  • 1948
    Rick Parfitt, British musician (Status Quo)
  • 1949
    Dave Lloyd, British cyclist
  • 1949
    Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, Venezuelan international terrorist
  • 1949
    Paul Went, English footballer
  • 1949
    Stan Hansen, American professional wrestler
  • 1950
    Caroline Ellis, English actress
  • 1950
    Dave Freudenthal, American politician and 31st Governor of Wyoming
  • 1950
    Kaga Takeshi, Japanese actor
  • 1950
    Robin Askwith, English actor
  • 1950
    Susan Anton, American actress
  • 1951
    Ed Royce, American politician
  • 1951
    Sally Little, South-African-born American golfer
  • 1952
    Danielle Proulx, Quebec actress
  • 1953
    Les Dennis, British comedian and presenter
  • 1953
    Serge Lepeltier, French politician
  • 1954
    Linval Thompson, Jamaican musician and record producer
  • 1955
    Aggie MacKenzie, Scottish television presenter
  • 1955
    Ante Gotovina, Croatian general
  • 1955
    Brigitte Lahaie, French talk show host and actress
  • 1955
    Einar Jan Aas, Norwegian footballer
  • 1955
    Jane Siberry, Canadian musician
  • 1956
    David Vanian, British singer, (The Damned)
  • 1957
    Kristen Bjorn, British film director
  • 1958
    Bryn Merrick, British musician, (The Damned)
  • 1958
    Steve Austria, American politician
  • 1959
    Anna Escobedo Cabral, 42nd Treasurer of the United States
  • 1960
    Carlo Perrone, Italian football manager and player
  • 1960
    Hiroyuki Sanada, Japanese actor
  • 1962
    Amanda Castro, Hondurian poet
  • 1962
    Branko Crvenkovski, Macedonian politician
  • 1962
    Carlos Bernard, American actor
  • 1962
    Chris Botti, American jazz musician
  • 1962
    Deborah Foreman, American actress
  • 1962
    John Coleman, English football manager and player
  • 1963
    Alan McDonald, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1963
    Lane Frost, American professional bull rider (d. 1989)
  • 1963
    Luis Polonia, Dominican baseball player
  • 1963
    Raimond Aumann, German footballer
  • 1963
    Satoshi Kon, Japanese anime director (d. 2010)
  • 1965
    Jean-Jacques Daigneault, Canadian hockey player
  • 1965
    Scott O'Grady, American military officer
  • 1966
    Brian Kennedy, Northern Irish musician and author
  • 1966
    Jonathan Crombie, Canadian actor
  • 1966
    Wim Jonk, Dutch football player
  • 1967
    Paul Laine Canadian singer/composer
  • 1968
    Adam Rich, American actor
  • 1968
    Bill Auberlen, American race car driver
  • 1968
    Hugh Jackman, Australian actor and singer
  • 1969
    Željko Milinovič, Slovenian footballer
  • 1969
    Dwayne Roloson, Canadian hockey player
  • 1969
    José Valentín, American baseball player
  • 1969
    Judit Mascó, Spanish model
  • 1969
    Martie Maguire, American musician (Dixie Chicks)
  • 1970
    Charlie Ward, American pro basketball player
  • 1970
    Julian, American pornographic actor
  • 1970
    Kirk Cameron, American actor
  • 1970
    Tanyon Sturtze, American baseball player
  • 1971
    Steve Johnston, Australian speedway rider
  • 1971
    Tony Fiore, American baseball player
  • 1972
    Juan Manuel Silva, Argentine racing driver
  • 1972
    Tom Van Mol, Belgian football player
  • 1973
    Lesli Brea, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973
    Martin Corry, English rugby player
  • 1974
    Kate Beahan, Australian actress
  • 1974
    Marie Wilson, Canadian actress
  • 1974
    Stephen Lee, English snooker player
  • 1975
    Ahmad, American rapper
  • 1975
    Marion Jones, American track and field athlete
  • 1976
    Sarah Lane, American television personality
  • 1977
    Bode Miller, American alpine ski-racer
  • 1977
    Javier Toyo, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1977
    Jessica Barker, Canadian actress
  • 1978
    Baden Cooke, Australian cyclist
  • 1978
    Marko Jaric, Serbian basketball player
  • 1979
    Jordan Pundik, American singer (New Found Glory)
  • 1979
    Steven Agnew, Northern Irish politician
  • 1980
    Ledley King, English footballer
  • 1981
    Brian J. Smith, American actor
  • 1981
    Brian Kerr, Scottish footballer
  • 1981
    Shola Ameobi, English footballer
  • 1981
    Sneha, Indian actress
  • 1981
    Sun Tiantian, Chinese tennis player
  • 1981
    Tom Guiry, American actor
  • 1983
    Alex Brosque, Australian soccer player
  • 1983
    Carlton Cole, English footballer
  • 1983
    Katie Piper, English campaigner and television presenter
  • 1985
    Mike Green, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986
    Emmanuel Nwachi, Nigerian footballer
  • 1986
    Ioannis Maniatis, Greek footballer
  • 1986
    Sergio Peter, German footballer
  • 1986
    Tyler Blackburn, American actor and singer
  • 1988
    Sam Whitelock, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1990
    Henri Lansbury, English footballer
  • 1991
    Nicolao Dumitru, Italian footballer
  • 1992
    Josh Hutcherson, American actor
  • 1992
    Taylor Horn, American singer
  • 2001
    Raymond Ochoa, American actor

Who Died On October 12?

  • 632
    Edwin of Northumbria (b.c. 586)
  • 638
    Pope Honorius I
  • 642
    Pope John IV
  • 1095
    Margrave Leopold II of Austria (b. 1050)
  • 1176
    William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician (b.c. 1109)
  • 1320
    Michael IX Palaeologus (b. 1277)
  • 1491
    Fritz Herlen, German artist (b.c. 1449)
  • 1492
    Piero della Francesca, Italian painter
  • 1565
    Jean Ribault, French explorer and colonizer (b. 1520)
  • 1576
    Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1527)
  • 1590
    Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (b. 1543)
  • 1600
    Luis Molina, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1535)
  • 1632
    Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1549)
  • 1646
    François de Bassompierre, Marshal of France (b. 1579)
  • 1678
    Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (b. 1621)
  • 1679
    William Gurnall, English writer (b. 1617)
  • 1685
    Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian jurist (b. 1628)
  • 1730
    King Frederick IV of Denmark (b. 1671)
  • 1758
    Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (b. 1680)
  • 1845
    Elizabeth Fry, British social reformer and philanthropist (b. 1780)
  • 1870
    Robert E. Lee, American Confederate general (b. 1807)
  • 1875
    Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
  • 1896
    Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish nobleman and politician (b. 1817)
  • 1898
    Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)
  • 1915
    Edith Cavell, English nurse (b. 1865)
  • 1920
    Yu Gwan-sun, Korean independence leader (b. 1904)
  • 1924
    Anatole France, French author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1844)
  • 1932
    Ioannis Chrysafis, Greek gymnast (b. 1873)
  • 1933
    John Lister, English politician (b. 1847)
  • 1940
    Tom Mix, American actor (b. 1880)
  • 1946
    Joseph Stilwell, American general (b. 1883)
  • 1948
    Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English educational psychologist and psychoanalyst (b. 1885).
  • 1954
    George Welch, American pilot (b. 1918)
  • 1956
    Lorenzo Perosi, Italian composer (b. 1872)
  • 1958
    Gordon Griffith, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
  • 1960
    Inejiro Asanuma, Japanese politician (b. 1898)
  • 1965
    Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
  • 1967
    Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian Socialist politician leader (b. 1910)
  • 1969
    Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater (b. 1912)
  • 1970
    Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet (b. 1930)
  • 1971
    Dean Acheson, American statesman (b. 1893)
  • 1971
    Gene Vincent, American rock musician (b. 1935)
  • 1973
    Peter Aufschnaiter, Austrian mountaineer (b. 1899)
  • 1978
    Nancy Spungen, American groupie and murder victim (b. 1958)
  • 1983
    Ernie Roth, American pro wrestling manager (b. 1929)
  • 1984
    Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (b. 1925)
  • 1985
    Johnny Olson, American game show announcer (b. 1910)
  • 1985
    Ricky Wilson, American musician (The B-52's) (b. 1953)
  • 1987
    Alf Landon, American politician (b. 1887)
  • 1988
    Coby Whitmore, American painter and magazine illustrator (b. 1913)
  • 1988
    Ruth Manning-Sanders, Welsh poet and children’s book author (b. 1886)
  • 1989
    Carmen Cavallaro, American pianist (b. 1913)
  • 1989
    Jay Ward, American animator (Rocky and Bullwinkle) (b. 1920)
  • 1990
    Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian author and mountaineer (b. 1899)
  • 1991
    Arkady Strugatsky, Russian novelist (b. 1925)
  • 1991
    Sheila Florance, Australian film and television actress (b. 1916)
  • 1993
    Leon Ames, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1993
    Tofik Bakhramov, Azerbaijani linesman (b. 1926)
  • 1994
    Gérald Godin, Québécois poet and politician (b. 1938)
  • 1996
    René Lacoste, French tennis player (b. 1904)
  • 1996
    Roger Lapébie, French cyclist (b. 1911)
  • 1997
    John Denver, American singer (b. 1943)
  • 1998
    Mario Beaulieu, French Canadian politician (b. 1930)
  • 1998
    Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (b. 1976)
  • 1999
    Robert Marsden Hope, Australian jurist (b. 1919)
  • 1999
    Wilt Chamberlain, American basketball player (b. 1936)
  • 2001
    Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, British politician (b. 1907)
  • 2002
    Audrey Mestre, French diver (b. 1974)
  • 2002
    Ray Conniff, American bandleader and musician (b. 1916)
  • 2003
    Jim Cairns, Australian politician (b. 1914)
  • 2003
    Joan Kroc, American philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2003
    Willie Shoemaker, American jockey (b. 1931)
  • 2005
    C. Delores Tucker, American politician and civil rights activist (b. 1927)
  • 2006
    Gillo Pontecorvo, Italian film director (b. 1919)
  • 2007
    Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect (b. 1934)
  • 2007
    Noel Coleman, British Actor (b. 1919)
  • 2008
    Karl Chircop, Maltese politician (b. 1965)
  • 2009
    Dickie Peterson American musician (b. 1948)
  • 2009
    Frank Vandenbroucke, Belgian cyclist (b. 1974)
  • 2010
    Belva Plain, American novelist (b. 1919)
  • 2010
    Woody Peoples, American football player (b. 1943)
  • 2011
    Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist (b. 1941)
  • 2011
    Heinz Bennent, German actor (b. 1921)
  • 2011
    Patricia Breslin, American actress (b. 1931)


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