What happened on July 12? There are more than 274 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About July 12

July 12 In HistoryJuly 12 is the 193rd day of the year 2014. There are 172 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday. This day falls under the 28th week of the year 2014.

On this day in Cookstown, New Jersey 08511 sunrise occured at 10:40 AM and sunset occured at 01:27 AM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Cancer. The modern birthstone for this month is Ruby while the mystical birthstone is Ruby.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 222 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 19, 2015).

Buy a gift icon Out of the blue, there is someone out there thinking of you today. If that special someone wants to buy a gift for you, which one will you choose: gift baskets, boat tours or training shoes?

Historical Events For July 12

  • 927
    Æthelstan, King of England, secures a pledge from Constantine II of Scotland that the latter will not ally with Viking kings, beginning the process of unifying Great Britain.
  • 1191
    Third Crusade: Saladin’s garrison surrenders to Conrad of Montferrat, ending the two-year siege of Acre.
  • 1493
    Hartmann Schedel’s Nuremberg Chronicle, one of the best-documented early printed books, is published.
  • 1543
    King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court Palace.
  • 1561
    Saint Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow is consecrated.
  • 1562
    Fray Diego de Landa, acting Bishop of Yucatan, burns the sacred books of the Maya.
  • 1580
    The Ostrog Bible, one of the early printed Bibles in a Slavic language, is published.
  • 1690
    Battle of the Boyne (Julian calendar) – The armies of William III defeat those of the former James II.
  • 1691
    Battle of Aughrim (Julian calendar) – The decisive victory of William III of England’s forces in Ireland.
  • 1789
    French revolutionary and radical journalist Camille Desmoulins gave a speech, following hearing the news that France’s financial minister Jacques Necker has been dismissed. The speech called the citizens to arms, which lead to the falling of the Bastille two days later.
  • 1790
    The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed in France by the National Constituent Assembly.
  • 1804
    Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies a day after being shot in a duel.
  • 1806
    Sixteen German imperial states leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.
  • 1812
    War of 1812: the United States invade Canada at Windsor, Ontario.
  • 1843
    1843 – Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, proclaimed a revelation recommending polygamy.
  • 1862
    The Medal of Honor is authorized by the United States Congress.
  • 1879
    The National Guards Unit of Bulgaria is founded.
  • 1913
    Second Balkan War: Serbian forces begin their siege of the Bulgarian city of Vidin; the siege is later called off when the war ends.
  • 1917
    The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • 1918
    The Japanese Imperial Navy battleship Kawachi blows up at Shunan, western Honshu, Japan, killing at least 621.
  • 1920
    The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty is signed. Soviet Russia recognises independent Lithuania.
  • 1932
    Hedley Verity takes a cricket world record 10 wickets for 10 runs in a county match for Yorkshire
  • 1943
    World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka – German and Soviet forces engage in the largest tank engagement of all time.
  • 1948
    Arab–Israeli War: Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion orders the explusion of Palestinians from the towns of Lod and Ramla.
  • 1960
    Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • 1961
    Pune floods due to failure of the Khadakwasla and Panshet dams. Half of Pune is submerged, more than 100,000 families need to be relocated and the death tally exceeds 2,000.
  • 1962
    The Rolling Stones perform their first ever concert, at the Marquee Club in London.
  • 1967
    The Newark riots began in Newark, New Jersey.
  • 1970
    A fire consumes the wooden home of Norwegian composer Geirr Tveitt and irretrievably destroys about 90 percent of his output.
  • 1971
    The Australian Aboriginal flag is flown for the first time.
  • 1973
    A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
  • 1975
    São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.
  • 1979
    Disco Demolition Night at Comiskey Park Chicago, IL
  • 1979
    The island nation of Kiribati becomes independent from Great Britain.
  • 2006
    The Hezbollah initiate Operation True Promise.
  • 2007
    U.S. Army Apache helicopters perform airstrikes in Baghdad, Iraq; footage from the cockpit is later leaked to the Internet.

Who Were Born On July 12?

  • 1394
    Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (d. 1441)
  • 1468
    Juan del Encina, Spanish Composer, poet and playwright
  • 1596
    Tsar Michael I of Russia (d. 1645)
  • 1675
    Evaristo Felice Dall'Abaco, Italian composer and violinist (d. 1742)
  • 1730
    Josiah Wedgwood, English potter (d. 1795)
  • 1803
    Peter Chanel, French priest and saint (d. 1841)
  • 1807
    Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (d. 1893)
  • 1813
    Claude Bernard, French physiologist (d. 1878)
  • 1817
    Henry David Thoreau, American writer and philosopher (d. 1862)
  • 1824
    Eugène Boudin, French painter (d. 1898)
  • 1828
    Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (d. 1889)
  • 1839
    Frederick Halsey, English Conservative Party politician (d. 1927)
  • 1849
    Sir William Osler, Canadian physician and author (d. 1919)
  • 1850
    Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)
  • 1852
    Hipólito Yrigoyen, Argentinian politician, 19th and 21st President of Argentina (d. 1933)
  • 1854
    George Eastman, American inventor (d. 1932)
  • 1854
    Juan Gualberto Gómez, Afro-Cuban leader in the Cuban war of independence (d. 1933)
  • 1861
    Anton Arensky, Russian composer, pianist and professor of music (d. 1906)
  • 1863
    Albert Calmette, French physician (d. 1933)
  • 1863
    Paul Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)
  • 1864
    George Washington Carver, American botanist (d. 1943)
  • 1868
    Stefan George, German poet (d. 1933)
  • 1870
    Louis II, Prince of Monaco (d. 1949)
  • 1872
    Emil Hácha, Czech politician (d. 1945)
  • 1876
    Max Jacob, French poet (d. 1944)
  • 1878
    Peeter Põld, Estonian pedagogic scientist and politician (d. 1930)
  • 1880
    Tod Browning, American film director (d. 1962)
  • 1884
    Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1920)
  • 1886
    Jean Hersholt, Danish film director and actor (d. 1956)
  • 1892
    Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1942)
  • 1895
    Buckminster Fuller, American architect (d. 1983)
  • 1895
    Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano (d. 1962)
  • 1895
    Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist (d. 1960)
  • 1902
    Günther Anders, German philosopher (d. 1992)
  • 1904
    Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1906
    Pietro Tordi, Italian actor (d. 1990)
  • 1908
    Milton Berle, American comedian (d. 2002)
  • 1908
    Paul Runyan, American professional golfer (d. 2002)
  • 1909
    Curly Joe DeRita, American actor and comedian (d.1993)
  • 1909
    Fritz Leonhardt, German civil engineer (d. 1999)
  • 1909
    Herbert Zim, The founder and editor in chief of the Golden Guides (d.1994)
  • 1913
    Willis Lamb, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1914
    Mohammad Moin, Iranian writer (d. 1971)
  • 1917
    Andrew Wyeth, American artist (d. 2009)
  • 1919
    George Weissman, American businessman (d. 2009)
  • 1920
    Beah Richards, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1920
    Keith Andes, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1920
    Pierre Berton, Canadian journalist and writer (d. 2004)
  • 1921
    Bob Fillion, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1922
    Mark Hatfield, American politician (d. 2011)
  • 1923
    René Favaloro, Argentine cardiac surgeon who created the technique for coronary bypass surgery (d. 2000)
  • 1924
    Fedon Matheou, Greek retired basketball coach and player
  • 1925
    Roger Smith, American automotive executive (d. 2007)
  • 1928
    Elias James Corey, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1928
    Jo Myong-Rok, North Korean military official (d. 2010)
  • 1930
    Alberto Lionello, Italian film actor
  • 1930
    Gordon Pinsent, Canadian actor, director and writer
  • 1932
    Monte Hellman, American Film Director producer, and film editor.
  • 1932
    Otis Davis, American middle distance runner
  • 1933
    Donald E. Westlake, American novelist (d. 2008)
  • 1934
    Van Cliburn, American pianist
  • 1937
    Bill Cosby, American comedian and actor
  • 1937
    Lionel Jospin, French politician, 165th Prime Minister of France
  • 1937
    Michel Louvain, French Canadian singer
  • 1937
    Mickey Edwards, Republican congressman
  • 1937
    Robert McFarlane, Security Advisor to President Ronald Reagan, from 1983 through 1985.
  • 1938
    Ron Fairly, American baseball player
  • 1938
    Wieger Mensonides, Dutch swimmer
  • 1939
    Phillip Adams, Australian broadcaster and journalist
  • 1941
    Benny Parsons, American NASCAR driver (d. 2007)
  • 1941
    Joseph Whipp, American actor
  • 1942
    Billy Smith, Australian rugby league player
  • 1942
    Tam White, Scottish blues singer and actor (d. 2010)
  • 1943
    Christine McVie, British singer, musician, and songwriter (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1943
    Paul Silas, American basketball player and head coach
  • 1943
    Walter Murch, American film editor
  • 1944
    Denise Nicholas, American actress and activist
  • 1945
    Leopoldo Mastelloni, Italian actor
  • 1946
    Robert Fisk, an English writer and journalist
  • 1947
    Gareth Edwards, Welsh rugby union player
  • 1947
    Loren Coleman, American cryptozoologist and author
  • 1947
    Richard C. McCarty, American professor of psychology
  • 1948
    Ben Burtt, American sound designer
  • 1948
    Jay Thomas, American actor
  • 1948
    Richard Simmons, American fitness trainer
  • 1948
    Susan Blu, American voice actress
  • 1948
    Walter Egan, American singer
  • 1949
    Rick Hendrick, American NASCAR team owner
  • 1950
    Eric Carr, American drummer (Kiss) (d. 1991)
  • 1950
    Gilles Meloche, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951
    Brian Grazer, American film producer
  • 1951
    Cheryl Ladd, American actress
  • 1951
    Jamey Sheridan, American actor
  • 1951
    Piotr Pustelnik, Polish mountaineer
  • 1951
    Sylvia Sass, Hungarian soprano
  • 1952
    Liz Mitchell, Jamaican singer (Boney M.)
  • 1952
    Philip Taylor Kramer, American bassist (Iron Butterfly) (d. 1995)
  • 1952
    Voja Antonić, Serbian inventor and writer
  • 1953
    John Ausonius, Swedish criminal (The Laser Man)
  • 1954
    Sulakshana Pandit, Indian Film Actress/ Playback Singer
  • 1954
    Wolfgang Dremmler, German footballer
  • 1955
    Bambi Woods, American porn actress
  • 1956
    Mario Soto, Dominican baseball player
  • 1956
    Mel Harris, American actress.
  • 1956
    Sandi Patty, American singer
  • 1957
    Rick Douglas Husband, American astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1957
    Taso N. Stavrakis, American actor and stuntman
  • 1958
    J. D. Hayworth, Congressman from Arizona
  • 1958
    Tonya Lee Williams, Canadian actress
  • 1959
    Charlie Murphy, American actor and writer
  • 1959
    David Brown, Australian weatherman
  • 1960
    Corynne Charby, French model, actress and singer
  • 1961
    Heikko Glöde, German footballer
  • 1962
    Dan Murphy, American guitarist (Soul Asylum)
  • 1962
    Dean Wilkins, English football manager
  • 1962
    Julio César Chávez, Mexican boxer
  • 1964
    Gaby Roslin, English television presenter
  • 1964
    Tim Gane, English guitarist (Stereolab, McCarthy)
  • 1965
    Sanjay Manjrekar, Indian cricketer
  • 1966
    Ana Torrent, Spanish film actress
  • 1966
    Jeff Bucknum, American auto racer
  • 1966
    Misato Watanabe, Japanese popular music
  • 1966
    Taiji Sawada, Japanese bass guitarist (d. 2011)
  • 1967
    Bruny Surin, Canadian sprinter
  • 1967
    John Petrucci, American guitarist (Dream Theater)
  • 1967
    Richard Herring, English comedian
  • 1968
    Catherine Plewinski, French swimmer
  • 1969
    Alan Mullally, England cricketer
  • 1969
    Jesse Pintado, American guitarist (Napalm Death) (d. 2006)
  • 1969
    Lisa Nicole Carson, American actress
  • 1970
    Juba Kalamka, American hip hop artist
  • 1970
    Lee Byung-hun, South Korean actor
  • 1971
    Kristi Yamaguchi, American figure skater
  • 1971
    Loni Love, American comedian
  • 1972
    Brett Reed, American drummer (Rancid)
  • 1972
    Jake Wood, English actor
  • 1972
    Patrick Hill, American sculptor
  • 1972
    Travis Best, American basketball player
  • 1973
    Christian Vieri, Italian footballer
  • 1973
    Magoo, American rapper
  • 1974
    Gregory Helms, American professional wrestler
  • 1974
    Stelios Giannakopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1975
    Cheyenne Jackson, American actor and singer
  • 1976
    Anna Friel, British actress
  • 1976
    Dan Boyle, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976
    Tracie Spencer, American singer and songwriter
  • 1977
    Brock Lesnar, American mixed martial artist and professional wrestler
  • 1977
    Neil Harris, English footballer
  • 1977
    Steve Howey, American actor
  • 1978
    Claire Chitham, New Zealand actress
  • 1978
    Michelle Rodriguez, American actress
  • 1978
    Topher Grace, American actor
  • 1979
    Chris Campbell, American author
  • 1979
    Nikos Barlos, Greek basketball player
  • 1980
    Johanna Klum, German TV presenter
  • 1980
    Katherine Legge, English racing driver
  • 1980
    Richard Bennett, American guitarist
  • 1980
    Tom Price, British Actor
  • 1981
    Adrienne Camp, South African singer and songwriter
  • 1982
    Antonio Cassano, Italian footballer
  • 1982
    Tara Kirk, American swimmer
  • 1983
    Megumi Kawamura, Japanese volleyball player
  • 1984
    Gareth Gates, English singer
  • 1984
    Jonathan Lewis, American football player
  • 1984
    Michael McGovern, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1985
    Luiz Ejlli, Albanian singer
  • 1985
    Natasha Poly, Russian model
  • 1985
    Paulo Vitor Barreto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986
    JP Pietersen, South African rugby union footballer
  • 1988
    Inbee Park, South Korean golfer
  • 1988
    Melissa O'Neil, Canadian singer
  • 1989
    Nick Palmieri, American ice hockey player
  • 1989
    Phoebe Tonkin, Australian actress and model
  • 1990
    Bébé, Portuguese footballer
  • 1992
    Eoghan Quigg, Northern Irish singer
  • 1996
    Jordan Romero, American mountaineer

Who Died On July 12?

  • 783
    Bertrada of Laon, Frankish wife of Pepin the Short (b. 720)
  • 1441
    Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (b. 1394)
  • 1536
    Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus, Dutch writer and philosopher (b. 1466)
  • 1584
    Steven Borough, English explorer (b. 1525)
  • 1664
    Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker (b. 1610)
  • 1682
    Jean Picard, French astronomer (b. 1620)
  • 1693
    John Ashby, English admiral (b. c. 1640)
  • 1712
    Richard Cromwell, son of Oliver Cromwell (b. 1626)
  • 1742
    Evaristo Felice Dall'Abaco, Italian composer (b. 1675)
  • 1749
    Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of New France (b. c. 1671)
  • 1773
    Johann Joachim Quantz, German flutist and composer (b. 1697)
  • 1804
    Alexander Hamilton, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1755)
  • 1845
    Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian author (b. 1808)
  • 1849
    Dolley Madison, 4th First Lady Of The United States (b. 1768)
  • 1870
    John A. Dahlgren, American Navy admiral (b. 1809)
  • 1892
    Alexander Cartwright, American fireman and inventor of baseball (b. 1820)
  • 1910
    Charles Stewart Rolls, British engineer and aviator (b. 1887)
  • 1918
    Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (b. 1864)
  • 1926
    Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist and spy (b. 1868)
  • 1931
    Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1866)
  • 1934
    Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-born American inventor and industrialist (b. 1877)
  • 1935
    Alfred Dreyfus, French military officer (b. 1859)
  • 1944
    Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., American general, son of Theodore Roosevelt (b. 1887)
  • 1945
    Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1945
    Wolfram von Richthofen, German field marshal (b. 1895)
  • 1947
    Jimmie Lunceford, American saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1902)
  • 1949
    Douglas Hyde, Irish politician (b. 1860)
  • 1950
    Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
  • 1961
    Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (b. 1879)
  • 1962
    Roger Wolfe Kahn, American band leader (b. 1907)
  • 1965
    Christfried Burmeister, Estonian speed skater (b. 1898)
  • 1966
    Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki, Japanese author and lecturer (b. 1870)
  • 1969
    Henry George Lamond, Australian novelist (b. 1885)
  • 1971
    Yvon Robert, French Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1914)
  • 1973
    Lon Chaney, Jr., American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1975
    James Ormsbee Chapin, American painter and illustrator (b. 1887)
  • 1979
    Minnie Riperton, American soul singer (b. 1947)
  • 1982
    Kenneth More, English actor (b. 1914)
  • 1983
    Chris Wood, British saxophonist (Traffic) (b. 1944)
  • 1990
    João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (b. 1917)
  • 1993
    Dan Eldon, British photojournalist (b. 1970)
  • 1994
    Paisios, Greek Orthodox monk (b. 1924)
  • 1996
    John Chancellor, American television journalist (b. 1927)
  • 1996
    Jonathan Melvoin, American keyboardist (The Smashing Pumpkins) (b. 1961)
  • 1998
    Jimmy Driftwood, American folk songwriter and musician (b. 1907)
  • 1998
    Serge Lemoyne, French Canadian artist (b. 1941)
  • 1999
    Bill Owen, British actor (b. 1914)
  • 1999
    Rajendra Kumar, Indian actor (b. 1929)
  • 2000
    Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1908)
  • 2001
    Fred Marcellino, American illustrator (b. 1939)
  • 2003
    Benny Carter, American musician (b. 1907)
  • 2004
    Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1918)
  • 2005
    John King, Baron King of Wartnaby, British noble and aviation executive (b. 1917)
  • 2006
    Adamantios Lemos, Greek actor (b. 1916)
  • 2007
    Mr. Butch, American homeless person (b. 1951)
  • 2007
    Robert Burås, Norwegian guitar player (b. 1975)
  • 2007
    Stan Zemanek, Australian radio personality (b. 1947)
  • 2008
    Bobby Murcer, American baseball player (b. 1946)
  • 2008
    Tony Snow, American press secretary for George W. Bush (b. 1955)
  • 2010
    Harvey Pekar, American comic book writer (b. 1939)
  • 2010
    Paulo Moura, Brazilian clarinetist and saxophonist (b. 1932)
  • 2011
    Sherwood Schwartz, American television writer (b. 1916)

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