What happened on December 19? There are more than 273 events that were made this day in history. Here are the important historical events, facts, and some myths about this day.

Interesting Facts & Myths About December 19

December 19 In HistoryDecember 19 is the 353rd day of the year 2014. There are 12 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Friday. This day falls under the 51st week of the year 2014.

On this day in Roscoe, Missouri 64781 sunrise will occur at 01:26 PM and sunset will occur at 10:58 PM (local time).

The zodiac sign of a person born on this day is Sagittarius. The modern birthstone for this month is Turquoise while the mystical birthstone is Onyx.

According to the Chinese calendar, there are 62 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year (February 19, 2015).

Buy a gift icon Out of the blue, there is someone out there thinking of you today. If that special someone wants to buy a gift for you, which one will you choose: gift baskets, training shoes or exercise machines?

Historical Events For December 19

  • 211
    Publius Septimius Geta, co-emperor of Rome, is lured to come without his bodyguards to meet his brother Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (Caracalla), to discuss a possible reconciliation. When he arrives the Praetorian Guard murders him and he dies in the arms of his mother Julia Domna.
  • 324
    Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor.
  • 1154
    Henry II of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
  • 1490
    Anne, Duchess of Brittany, is married to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor by proxy.
  • 1606
    The Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery depart England carrying settlers who found, at Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the thirteen colonies that became the United States.
  • 1776
    Thomas Paine publishes one of a series of pamphlets in the Pennsylvania Journal titled The American Crisis.
  • 1777
    American Revolutionary War: George Washington’s Continental Army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
  • 1796
    French Revolutionary Wars: Two British frigates under Commodore Horatio Nelson and two Spanish frigates under Commodore Don Jacobo Stuart engage in battle off the coast of Murcia.
  • 1828
    Nullification Crisis: Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun pens the South Carolina Exposition and Protest, protesting the Tariff of 1828.
  • 1843
    Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol goes on sale.
  • 1900
    Hopetoun Blunder: The first Governor-General of Australia John Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, appointed Sir William Lyne as premier of the new state New South Wales, but he is unable to persuade other colonial politicians to join his government and is forced to resign.
  • 1907
    A group of 239 coal miners die during a mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania.
  • 1912
    William H. Van Schaick, captain of the steamship General Slocum which caught fire and killed over 1,000 people, is pardoned by U.S. President William Howard Taft after three-and-a-half-years in Sing Sing prison.
  • 1916
    World War I: Battle of Verdun – On the Western Front, the French Army successfully holds off the German Army and drives it back to its starting position.
  • 1920
    King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite.
  • 1924
    The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.
  • 1927
    Three Indian revolutionaries viz. Ram Prasad Bismil, Roshan Singh and Ashfaqulla Khan were executed by the British government.
  • 1932
    BBC World Service begins broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service
  • 1941
    World War II: Adolf Hitler becomes Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the German Army.
  • 1941
    World War II: Limpet mines placed by Italian divers sink the HMS Valiant and HMS Queen Elizabeth in Alexandria harbour.
  • 1946
    Start of the First Indochina War.
  • 1956
    Irish-born physician John Bodkin Adams is arrested in connection with the suspicious deaths of more than 160 patients. Eventually he is convicted only of minor charges.
  • 1961
    India annexes Daman and Diu, part of Portuguese India.
  • 1963
    Zanzibar gains independence from the United Kingdom as a constitutional monarchy, under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah.
  • 1964
    The South Vietnamese military junta of Nguyen Khanh dissolved the High National Council and arrested some of the members.
  • 1967
    Prime Minister of Australia Harold Holt is officially presumed dead.
  • 1972
    Apollo program: The last manned lunar flight, Apollo 17, crewed by Eugene Cernan, Ron Evans and Harrison Schmitt, returns to Earth.
  • 1975
    John Paul Stevens is appointed a justice of The United States Supreme Court.
  • 1981
    Sixteen lives are lost when the Penlee lifeboat goes to the aid of the stricken coaster Union Star in heavy seas.
  • 1983
    The original FIFA World Cup trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, is stolen from the headquarters of the Brazilian Football Confederation in Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1984
    The Sino-British Joint Declaration, stating that the People’s Republic of China would resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the United Kingdom would restore Hong Kong to China with effect from July 1, 1997 is signed in Beijing by Deng Xiaoping and Margaret Thatcher.
  • 1986
    Mikhail Gorbachev, leader of the Soviet Union, releases Andrei Sakharov and his wife from exile in Gorky.
  • 1995
    The United States Government restores federal recognition to the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Indian tribe.
  • 1997
    SilkAir Flight 185 crashes into the Musi River, near Palembang in Indonesia, killing 104.
  • 1998
    Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives forwards articles I and III of impeachment against President Bill Clinton to the Senate.
  • 2000
    The Leninist Guerrilla Units wing of the Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist attack a Nationalist Movement Party office in Istanbul, killing one person and injuring three.
  • 2001
    A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg) is recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia.
  • 2001
    Argentine economic crisis: December 2001 riots – Riots erupt in Buenos Aires.

Who Were Born On December 19?

  • 1554
    Philip William, Prince of Orange (d. 1618)
  • 1587
    Dorothea Sophia, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg (d. 1645)
  • 1683
    Philip V of Spain (d. 1746)
  • 1699
    William Bowyer, English printer (d. 1777)
  • 1714
    John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
  • 1778
    Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte, daughter of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI (d. 1851)
  • 1784
    Marcus Morton, 16th and 18th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • 1796
    Breton de los Herreros, Spanish playwright (d. 1873)
  • 1817
    James J. Archer, Confederate general (d. 1864)
  • 1820
    Mary Livermore, American journalist and women’s rights advocate (d. 1905)
  • 1831
    Bernice Pauahi Bishop, Hawaiian philanthropist (d. 1884)
  • 1849
    Henry Clay Frick, American industrialist and financier (d. 1919)
  • 1852
    Albert Abraham Michelson, Prussian-born American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1931)
  • 1853
    Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician, lieutenant-governor of Quebec (d. 1942)
  • 1861
    Italo Svevo, Italian author (d. 1928)
  • 1865
    Minnie Maddern Fiske, American actress (d. 1932)
  • 1875
    Carter Woodson, American historian and author, founder of Black History Month (d. 1950)
  • 1888
    Fritz Reiner, Hungarian-born American conductor (d. 1963)
  • 1894
    Ford Frick, American baseball commissioner (d. 1978)
  • 1895
    Ingeborg Refling Hagen, Norwegian author and teacher (d. 1989)
  • 1895
    Werner Dankwort, German diplomat (d. 1986)
  • 1899
    Martin Luther King, Sr., American Baptist minister and father of Civil Rights activist, Martin Luther King, Jr. (d. 1984)
  • 1901
    Fritz Mauruschat, German footballer (d. 1974)
  • 1901
    Rudolf Hell, German inventor (d. 2002)
  • 1902
    Sir Ralph Richardson, English actor (d. 1983)
  • 1903
    George Davis Snell, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1905
    Irving Kahn, American financial analyst and investor
  • 1906
    Leonid Brezhnev, leader of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)
  • 1907
    Jimmy McLarnin, former Welterweight Champion (d. 2004)
  • 1909
    W. A. Criswell, American (Baptist) preacher (d. 2002)
  • 1910
    Jean Genet, French writer (d. 1986)
  • 1915
    Édith Piaf, French singer and actress (d. 1963)
  • 1916
    Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann, German political scientist (d. 2010)
  • 1916
    Roy Ward Baker, English film director (d. 2010)
  • 1918
    Professor Longhair, American blues musician (d. 1980)
  • 1920
    David Susskind, American TV talk show host (d. 1987)
  • 1920
    Little Jimmy Dickens, American country singer
  • 1922
    Eamonn Andrews, Irish-born television presenter (d. 1987)
  • 1923
    Gordon Jackson, Scottish actor (d. 1990)
  • 1924
    Carlo Chiti, Italian race car engineer (d. 1994)
  • 1924
    Doug Harvey, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1989)
  • 1924
    Edmund Purdom, English actor (d. 2009)
  • 1924
    Gary Morton, American comic; widower of Lucille Ball (d. 1999)
  • 1925
    Robert B. Sherman, American songwriter
  • 1925
    Tankred Dorst, German dramatist
  • 1925
    William Schutz, American psychologist (d. 2002)
  • 1926
    Bobby Layne, American football player (d. 1986)
  • 1926
    Herb Stempel, American game show contestant
  • 1927
    James Booth, English actor and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1928
    Nathan Oliveira, American artist (d. 2010)
  • 1929
    Bob Brookmeyer, American jazz musician
  • 1929
    Howard Sackler, American screenwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1932
    Salvador Elizondo, Mexican writer
  • 1933
    Cicely Tyson, American actress
  • 1933
    Kevan Gosper, Australian athlete
  • 1934
    Al Kaline, American baseball player
  • 1934
    Casper R. Taylor, Jr., American politician
  • 1934
    Pratibha Patil, 12th President of the Republic of India and first woman to hold the office
  • 1934
    Rudi Carrell, Dutch entertainer (d. 2006)
  • 1935
    Barbara Bostock, American actress
  • 1935
    Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (d. 1974)
  • 1935
    Joanne Weaver, American baseball player (d. 2000)
  • 1936
    Marian McKnight, American beauty pageant contestant (Miss America 1957)
  • 1940
    Phil Ochs, American folk singer (d. 1976)
  • 1941
    Lee Myung-bak, South Korean politician
  • 1941
    Maurice White, American singer and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire)
  • 1942
    Cornell Dupree, American session guitarist
  • 1942
    Rufus, French actor
  • 1943
    General James L. Jones, American military figure
  • 1943
    Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1944
    Alvin Lee, English singer and musician (Ten Years After)
  • 1944
    Mitchell Feigenbaum, American mathematical physicist
  • 1944
    Richard Leakey, Kenyan paleontologist, conservationist and politician
  • 1944
    Tim Reid, American actor
  • 1944
    William Christie, American-born French musician (Les Arts Florissants)
  • 1944
    Zal Yanovsky, Canadian guitarist (The Lovin' Spoonful) (d. 2002)
  • 1945
    Elaine Joyce, American actress
  • 1946
    Robert Urich, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1946
    Rosemary Conley, English businesswoman, author and broadcaster
  • 1947
    Charlie Van Dyke, American actor and radio disc jockey
  • 1947
    Jimmy Bain, Scottish musician
  • 1948
    Ken Brown, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1949
    Nancy Kyes, American actress
  • 1949
    Sebastian, Danish musician
  • 1951
    Alan Rouse, British mountaineer (d. 1986)
  • 1952
    Walter Murphy, American composer, pianist and arranger
  • 1955
    Lincoln Hall, Australian mountaineer
  • 1955
    Rob Portman, American politician, senator from Ohio
  • 1956
    Phil Harris, American fisherman (Deadliest Catch) (d. 2010)
  • 1956
    Tom Lawless, American baseball player
  • 1957
    Cyril Collard, French film director (d. 1993)
  • 1957
    John Gulager, American film director
  • 1957
    Kevin McHale, American basketball player
  • 1958
    Limahl, English singer (Kajagoogoo)
  • 1958
    Steven Isserlis, English cellist
  • 1959
    Ivan Vallejo, Ecuadorian mountaineer
  • 1960
    Derrick Jensen, American author and activist
  • 1960
    Michelangelo Signorile, American writer
  • 1960
    Mike Lookinland, American actor
  • 1961
    Eric Allin Cornell, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1961
    Matthew Waterhouse, English actor
  • 1961
    Reggie White, American football player (d. 2004)
  • 1962
    Gary Fleder, American film director
  • 1962
    Jill Talley, American actress
  • 1963
    Jennifer Beals, American actress
  • 1963
    Til Schweiger, German actor
  • 1964
    Arvydas Sabonis, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1964
    Béatrice Dalle, French actress
  • 1965
    Chito Martínez, Belizean baseball player
  • 1965
    Jessica Steen, American actress
  • 1966
    Alberto Tomba, Italian alpine skier
  • 1966
    Chuckii Booker, American singer, musician and producer
  • 1966
    Eric Weinrich, American ice hockey player
  • 1966
    Robert MacNaughton, American stage and screen actor
  • 1967
    Criss Angel, American illusionist
  • 1967
    Frankie Lam, Hong Kong actor
  • 1968
    Ken Marino, American actor and comedian
  • 1969
    Kristy Swanson, American actress
  • 1969
    Richard Hammond, English television presenter
  • 1969
    Tom Gugliotta, American basketball player
  • 1969
    Villano IV, Mexican professional wrestler
  • 1970
    Tyson Beckford, American model
  • 1971
    Amy Locane, American actress
  • 1971
    Liz Cho, American television reporter
  • 1972
    Alyssa Milano, American actress
  • 1972
    Rosa Blasi, American actress
  • 1972
    Warren Sapp, American football player
  • 1973
    Michalis Grigoriou, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1973
    Takashi Sorimachi, Japanese actor
  • 1973
    Zulfiya Zabirova, Russian cyclist
  • 1974
    Felipe Lopez, Dominican basketball player
  • 1974
    Jake Plummer, American football player
  • 1974
    Joe Jurevicius, American football player
  • 1974
    Mikko Paananen, Finnish bassist (HIM)
  • 1974
    Ricky Ponting, Australian cricketer
  • 1975
    Jon Smith, British writer
  • 1975
    Makis Belevonis, Greek footballer
  • 1975
    Michiel van den Bos, Dutch composer
  • 1975
    Olivier Tebily, Ivorian footballer
  • 1975
    Russell Branyan, American baseball player
  • 1977
    Jorge Garbajosa, Spanish basketball player
  • 1978
    Patrick Casey, American screenwriter and actor
  • 1979
    Kevin Devine, American musician
  • 1979
    Paola Rey, Colombian actress
  • 1980
    Chris Haslam, Canadian skateboarder and bassist (Kobra Triangle)
  • 1980
    Iman Ali, Pakistani model and actress
  • 1980
    Jake Gyllenhaal, American actor
  • 1980
    Marla Sokoloff, American actress
  • 1982
    Maurice Williams, American basketball player
  • 1982
    Tero Pitkämäki, Finnish javelin thrower
  • 1983
    Casey Crescenzo, American Rock Artist
  • 1983
    Matt Stajan, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983
    Nektarios Alexandrou, Greek-Cypriot footballer
  • 1984
    Ian Kennedy, American baseball player
  • 1985
    Gary Cahill, English footballer
  • 1985
    Lady Sovereign, English musician
  • 1985
    Neil Kilkenny, English-born Australian soccer player
  • 1986
    Lazaros Christodoulopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1986
    Ryan Babel, Dutch footballer
  • 1987
    Cédric Baseya, DR Congolese footballer
  • 1987
    Karim Benzema, French footballer
  • 1988
    Alexis Sánchez, Chilean footballer
  • 1988
    Paulina Gretzky, American singer and model
  • 1988
    Peter Winn, English footballer
  • 1989
    Hamza Riazuddin, English cricketer
  • 1989
    Valdimar Bergstað, Icelandic horse rider
  • 1990
    Greg Bretz, American snowboarder
  • 1991
    Declan Galbraith, English singer
  • 1992
    Iker Muniain, Spanish/Basque footballer

Who Died On December 19?

  • 211
    Publius Septimius Geta, Roman Emperor (b. 189)
  • 401
    Pope Anastasius I
  • 1075
    Edith of Wessex, wife of Edward the Confessor
  • 1111
    Al-Ghazali, Islamic philosopher (b. 1058)
  • 1327
    Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy
  • 1370
    Pope Urban V (b. 1310)
  • 1737
    James Louis Sobieski, son of John III Sobieski, and pretender to the throne of Poland (b. 1667)
  • 1741
    Vitus Bering, Danish-born explorer (b. 1681)
  • 1745
    Jean-Baptiste van Loo, French painter (b. 1684)
  • 1749
    Francesco Antonio Bonporti, Italian priest and composer (b. 1672)
  • 1751
    Louise of Great Britain, wife of Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1724)
  • 1807
    Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (b. 1723)
  • 1813
    James McGill, Scottish-born Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1744)
  • 1814
    Joseph Bramah, British inventor and locksmith (b. 1748)
  • 1819
    Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval officer and politician (b. 1765)
  • 1848
    Emily Brontë, English author (b. 1818)
  • 1878
    Bayard Taylor, American author and poet (b. 1825)
  • 1915
    Alois Alzheimer, German neuroscientist (b. 1864)
  • 1916
    Thibaw Min, King of Burma (b. 1859)
  • 1927
    Ashfaqulla Khan, Indian independence movement figure (b. 1900)
  • 1932
    Yoon Bong-Gil, Korean activist (b. 1908)
  • 1933
    George Jackson Churchward, British locomotive engineer (b. 1857)
  • 1938
    Stephen Warfield Gambrill, American politician (b. 1873)
  • 1939
    Hans Langsdorff, German naval officer (b. 1894)
  • 1944
    Abbas II of Egypt (b. 1874)
  • 1944
    Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
  • 1946
    Paul Langevin, French physicist (b. 1872)
  • 1953
    Robert Millikan, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1868)
  • 1968
    Norman Thomas, American socialist (b. 1884)
  • 1982
    Dwight Macdonald, American social critic (b. 1906)
  • 1984
    Joy Ridderhof, American missionary (b. 1903)
  • 1986
    V. C. Andrews, American author (b. 1923)
  • 1988
    Robert Bernstein, American comic book writer (b. 1919)
  • 1989
    Stella Gibbons, English author (b. 1902)
  • 1991
    Joe Cole, American rock music roadie (b. 1961)
  • 1993
    Michael Clarke, American drummer (The Byrds) (b. 1946)
  • 1996
    Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (b. 1924)
  • 1997
    Jimmy Rogers, American blues guitarist (b. 1924)
  • 1997
    Masaru Ibuka, Japanese industrialist (Sony) (b. 1908)
  • 1998
    Antonio Ordóñez, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1932)
  • 1998
    Mel Fisher, American treasure hunter (b. 1922)
  • 1999
    Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (b. 1914)
  • 2000
    David Dewayne Johnson, American convicted murderer (b. 1963)
  • 2000
    John Lindsay, American politician (b. 1921)
  • 2000
    Milt Hinton, American jazz double bassist (b. 1910)
  • 2000
    Pops Staples, American singer (The Staple Singers) (b. 1915)
  • 2000
    Rob Buck, American guitarist (10,000 Maniacs) (b. 1958)
  • 2001
    Marcel Mule, French saxophonist (b. 1901)
  • 2002
    Arthur Rowley, English footballer (b. 1926)
  • 2003
    Hope Lange, American actress (b. 1933)
  • 2003
    Les Tremayne, English-born American actor (b. 1913)
  • 2003
    Peter Carter-Ruck, English lawyer (b. 1914)
  • 2004
    Herbert C. Brown, English-born American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 2004
    Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (b. 1922)
  • 2005
    Keith Duckworth, English mechanical engineer (Cosworth) (b. 1933)
  • 2005
    Vincent Gigante, American mafioso (b. 1927)
  • 2008
    Carol Chomsky, American linguist (b. 1930)
  • 2008
    Dock Ellis, American baseball pitcher (b. 1945)
  • 2008
    James Bevel, American civil rights activist (b. 1936)
  • 2008
    Kenny Cox, American jazz musician (b. 1940)
  • 2008
    Michael Connell, American political consultant (b. 1963)
  • 2009
    Giridharilal Kedia, Indian entrepreneur (b. 1936)
  • 2009
    Hossein-Ali Montazeri, Iranian dissident cleric (b. 1922)
  • 2009
    Kim Peek, American savant (b. 1951)
  • 2010
    Anthony Howard, English journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2010
    Trudy Pitts, American jazz organist, pianist, and vocalist (b. 1932)

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